Research student profile: Hasneen Jahan

Project title

Tradeoffs between Economic and Environmental Performance of Shrimp Farming in Bangladesh

Project overview

The economy of Bangladesh has benefited enormously from the rapid development of the aquaculture production, in particular from shrimp cultivation. The economic benefits are paralleled with substantial environmental, natural resource and health effects that can be attributed to shrimp farming. The ultimate aim of our research program is to identify those types of shrimp enterprises that have large economic returns but modest environmental, natural resource and health impacts, so that they can serve as a model for sustainable development.

The economy of Bangladesh can benefit enormously from increased shrimp cultivation. Therefore, the tradeoff between the micro and macroeconomic benefits and the environmental impacts of shrimp farming needs to be examined. The lack of recognition of environmental and natural resource degradation will cause the industry to be more vulnerable over time.

To assess the environmental performance of shrimp enterprises, we are developing indicators of their environmental impacts. In particular, we are using directional distance functions to evaluate the possibilities for improvement in economic performance for a given level of environmental performance, or alternatively, the possibilities for improvement of environmental performance for a given level of economic performance.

The research will help to identify types of shrimp farming and regions that create large environmental degradation and have a modest economic benefit, also those where improvements in environmental performance can be done most easily.

Background

I come originally from Bangladesh and have the following academic qualifications:

B.Sc.Ag.Econ (Hons), Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
MS in Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
MS in International Cooperation Policy (Development Economics), Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Japan.

I have been granted an International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) and International Postgraduate Award (IPA).

  1. Fellow of Japanese Government Human Resource Development Scholarship (JDS) 2006.
  2. Grantee of research fund from RCAPS Graduate Student Research Support Program, 2007. Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Japan.
  3. Fellow of National Science & Technology Fellowship Programme 2001, Bangladesh for MS research.
  4. Shamsul Islam Memorial Gold Medal, 1998 for securing 1st Class 1st position with record marks in B. Sc. Ag. Econ. (Hons.)
  5. Rahela Khatun Memorial Award (Gold Medal and cash money) for securing highest marks among female students of all the six faculties of Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU) in obtaining graduation degree.
  6. University prize, 1998 for securing 1st Class 1st position in B. Sc.Ag. Econ. (Hons.)
  7. Award from Professor M. Lutfur Rahman Memorial Trust for securing 1st Class 1st position in B.Sc.Ag.Econ.(Hons)
  8. Sonali Bank Managing Director Gold Medal

I have attended the following conferences:

  • Agriculture Ergonomics Development Conference, AEDeC 2007, Kualalumpur, Malaysia
  • Asian Pacific Aquaculture Conference (APA) 2011. Kochi, India.

Publications

  • Jahan, H., Sabur, S. A. and Ahmed, S. (2003). “Marketing System and Price Behavior of Egg in Selected Areas of Bangladesh”, Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science, Bangladesh Animal Husbandry Association, Bangladesh Agricultural University. Vol.32 (1&2):pp.71-79.
  • Sabur, S. A., Jahan, H. and Reza, M. S. ( 2003) “ An Evaluation of Government Rice Procurement Programme in Selected Areas of Bangladesh”. The Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics. The Bureau of Socioeconomic Research and Training. Bangladesh Agricultural University. Vol. XXVi(1& 2):pp. 111-126.
  • Jahan, H. and Jaim, W.M.H. (2004). “Overtime changes in Cost and Return Structures of Rice Production in Bangladesh”. Economic Affairs. Quarterly Journal of Economics. Kolkata, India. Vol. 50(4): pp. 219-224.
  • Jahan, H., Sofiullah, M. and Islam, M.S. (2004). “ Improvement of the Quality and Availability of Crop Residues to Better Rural Livelihood in Bangladesh – A PRA study”. Bangladesh Journal of Training and Development. Bangladesh Agricultural University. Vol. 17 (1 & 2): pp. 33-38.
  • Asaduzzaman, M., Rahman, M.H. and Jahan, H. (2004). “Adoption of Selected Homestead Agricultural Technologists by Rural Women in Madhupur Upazila under Tangail district”. Progressive Agriculture Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. Vol. 15(1): pp. 57-63.
  • Mridha, M. R. H., Jahan, H. and Murshed, M. M. (2005). “ Relative Profitability of Different Aged Betel-leaf Production at Farm Level in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh”. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh Agricultural University Research System (BAURES). Vol. 3(1): pp.181-188.
  • Nurunnahar, Mst., Jahan, H., Asaduzzaman, M. and Rahman, M.H. (2006). “A Socio-economic Study on Carp Fish Farms under Polyculture Management”. Progressive Agriculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. Vol. 17(1)
  • Jahan, H. and Ferdous J. (2007). “Economics of Using Threshers in Small Holders Rice Farming: A case Study in Bangladesh”. Proceedings of Agriculture Ergonomics Development Conference. International Ergonomics Association. 26-29 November, 2007. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp.176-182.
  • Jahan, H. and Asaduzzaman, M. “ Shrimp Farming in the Southwest Coast of Bangladesh: An Overview of its Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts”. Bangladesh Journal of Progressive Science and Technology. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Jahan, H. and Asaduzzaman, M. (2009). Production, Post harvest handling and Marketing of Cut-flowers in Bangladesh: An Agribusiness Study”. SAARC Journal of Agriculture. Vol. 7(2).