Research student profile: Samad Azad

Project title

Economic and environmental efficiency of irrigated enterprises in the Murray-Darling Basin.

Project overview

Water use in agriculture and the associated environmental pressures are of major concern in Australia. My study aims to measure environmental and economic efficiency of irrigated enterprises across seventeen natural resource management (NRM) regions in the Murray-Darling Basin.

The government has dedicated a substantial amount of funds to address these issues, but there seems to be a knowledge gap on how to efficiently allocate this funding so as to secure the maximum environmental outcomes per dollar spent. My PhD research will shed more light on this, by focusing on the measurement of economic and environmental performance of the irrigated agricultural enterprises.

I use the concept of a “distance function” to build a productivity measurement index. With the help of my supervisor I am trying to quantify the environmental pressure from irrigated agriculture. The weighted water withdrawal index and salinity impact of individual irrigated enterprise will be considered as an environmental pressure and will be quantified.

The research findings will determine which irrigation enterprises are creating the most/least environmental damage per dollar of economic value-added. These results will be useful in shaping policy to address the inefficiency in water use in the Murray-Darling Basin.

Background

I completed my Bachelor degree in Agricultural Economics from the Bangladesh Agricultural University in 1997 and then I did my Master of Science (MS) degree in the same subject at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh in 1999. I migrated to Australia in 2006 and started my PhD in February of 2007 for which I have been granted the Faculty's Alexander Hugh Thorburn Scholarship.

During my job as an Agricultural Economist, I received Chairman Award (First place) of the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council for outstanding result in the Foundation training for the NARS Scientists in 2001. I also received DESC Award for the Best Brilliant Student at Graduate Level of Chapai Nawabgonj District, Bangladesh in 1997.

In 2006 I attended the IAAE conference in Gold Coast, Queensland and presented a contributed paper on “Double Transplanting: Economic Assessment of an Indigenous Technology for Submergence Avoidance in the Flood-Prone Rice Environment in Bangladesh”.

In the second year of my PhD, I presented a paper on “Hybrid Rice: Economic Assessment of a Promising Technology for Sustainable Food Grain Production in Bangladesh” at the AARES 52nd Annual Conference, ACT, Australia.

Publications

  • Azad, M. A. S. and Hossain Mahabub (2008). “Economic Assessment of an Indigenous Technology in Bangladesh” In Agriculture in Developing Countries Technology Issues: 28-45. Book Chapter Edited by Otsuka and Kalirajan, SAGE publications India Pvt Ltd.
  • Azad, M. A. S., B.A.A Mustafi and Hossain Mahabub (2008). Hybrid Rice: Economic Assessment of a Promising Technology for Sustainable Food Grain Production in Bangladesh. Contributed Paper presented at the 52nd Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Conference, February 5-8, 2008, Canberra, Australia.
  • Azad, M. A. S., Monica Liem, Tihomir Ancev and Lisa Yu-Ting Lee (2008). Measuring Environmental Performance of Irrigated Cotton Enterprises. Contributed Paper presented at the 52nd Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Conference, February 5-8, 2008, Canberra, Australia.
  • Mustafi, B.A.A, M.A. Samad Azad and A.H.M.A. Rahman (2007). Socio-Economic Evaluation of Hybrid Rice at Farm Level in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 32(1): 101-116. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh.
  • Azad, M. A. S. and Hossain Mahabub (2006). Double Transplanting: Economic Assessment of an Indigenous Technology for Submergence Avoidance in the Flood-prone Rice Environment in Bangladesh. Contributed Paper Presented at the International Conference Organized by the International Association of Agricultural Economists, Gold Coast, Australia, August 12-18, 2006.
  • Azad, M. A. S. and Alam, M. S. (2005). Economics Benefits towards Cattle Raising: Insights from Farmers’ Practices. Journal of Bangladesh Rural Development Studies, 2005, XI(1): 55-72. Rural Development Academy, Bogra, Bangladesh.
  • Azad, M. A. S. and Mustafi, B. A. A. (2004). Economics of Modern Rice Cultivation in Different Rice Growing Environments in Bangladesh. The Agriculturists, 2004 2(1):126-132., A Scientific Journal of Krishi Foundation, Bangladesh.
  • Azad, M. A. S., Alam, M. S. and Taslim, T. (2003). The Economic Scenario of A Subsistence Crop Wheat: A Micro Level Study. The Agriculturists, 2003,1 (1): 32-37. A Scientific Journal of Krishi Foundation, Bangladesh.
  • Azad, M. A. S., Alam, M. J., Taslim, T. and Sikder, M. K .I. (2002). Economics of Wheat Production in Bangladesh: A Micro Level Study. Bangladesh Journal of Extension Education, 2002, 14 (1-2): 13-19. The Bangladesh Agricultural Extension Society, Bangladesh.
  • Azad, M. A. S., Alam, M. J. and Alam, M. S. (2002). Management Dynamics and Resource Use Efficiency in Cattle Raising. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science, 2002, 31 (1-2): 107-117. Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Contact

Email: md.azad@sydney.edu.au


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