Stanley Melbourne Bruce
Stanley Melbourne Bruce, the eighth prime minister of Australia, led a long diplomatic career working with the government and industrial relations.
Bruce was born in Melbourne and studied the University of Cambridge. He spent much of his early life tending to his fathers’ business of importing and exporting. Bruce served on the front lines of Gallipoli Campaign in World War I, before returning to Australia as a spokesperson for the government recruit efforts. Bruce was elected to parliament in 1918, treasurer in 1921, and then became prime minister in 1923. Three years following, an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon him by the University of Sydney, on Saturday 24 April 1926.
One of Bruce’s as prime minister was to develop Australia's economic and population potential as well as to develop closer ties with Great Britain and the rest of the British Empire. He passed many reforms to the Australian federal system which strengthened the role of the Commonwealth. A few years later, Bruce was appointed High Commissioner to London in 1933, becoming a influential figure in the British government at the League of Nations.
As a strong defender for international cooperation on economic and social problems, he was also passionate about improving global nutrition, and establishing the Food and Agriculture Organisation, serving as first chairman of its governing council in 1946. Bruce was made a viscount, which is a member of the European nobility, the following year and became the first Chancellor of the Australian National University.