Dr Christhina Candido

G04 - Wilkinson Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone 9036 9242

Biographical details

Dr Candido holds bachelors and masters degrees in Architecture and Urban Planning at Federal University of Alagoas (Brazil). She holds a PhD in Civil Engineering from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (Brazil) and another PhD in Environmental Science from Macquarie University (Australia). Her research at the University of Sydney focuses on indoor environmental quality and bioclimatic design. Christhina is currently a post-doctoral fellow for BOSSA project but she is also involved on other research projects including the Alliesthesia (DP120102761 – DVC Bridging Support), Residential AC Use and Thermal Comfort (DP110105596) and Development of Thermal Comfort Policy for Diverse Portfolio.

Selected grants

2011

  • Building Occupants Survey System for Australia - BOSSA; de Dear R, Candido C, Roussac A, Thomas L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

Selected publications & creative works

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Books

  • Saman, W., Boland, J., Pullen, S., de Dear, R., Soebarto, V., Miller, W., Pocock, B., Belusko, M., Bruno, F., Whaley, D., Candido, C., Deuble, M., et al (2013). A framework for adaptation of Australian households to heat waves. Gold Coast, Queensland: National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility NCCARF.
  • Bittencourt, L., Candido, C. (2008). Introducao a Ventilacao Natural. Maceio: EDUFAL.

Book Chapters

  • Candido, C. (2013). Retrofitting Comfort and Indoor Environmental Quality: Can Improved Levels of Occupant Comfort, Human Health, Well-Being and Productivity Be Achieved from Existing Buildings? In Richard Hyde, Nathan Groenhout, Francis Barram and Ken Yeang (Eds.), Sustainable Retrofitting of Commercial Buildings: Warm Climates, (pp. 178-185). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Candido, C. (2012). Retrofitting Comfort: Moving from passive towards active occupants. In Richard Hyde (Eds.), Bioclimatic design for retrofitting commercial buildings in warm climates. UK: Earthscan.
  • Batista, J., Lamberts, R., Candido, C. (2010). Desempenho das estrategias bioclimaticas de projeto: inercia termica e ventilacao natural. In Roberto Lamberts, Enedir Ghisi, Claudia Donald Pereira, Juliana Oliveira Batista (Eds.), Casa Eficiente Bioclimatologia e Desempenho Termico, (pp. 37-57). Florianopolis: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.

Journals

  • de Dear, R., Arens, E., Candido, C., Brager, G., Zhang, H., Toftum, J., Zhu, Y., Kurvers, S., Leyten, J., Sekhar, C., et al (2014). Indoor temperatures for optimum thermal comfort and human performance - reply to the letter by Wyon and Wargocki. Indoor Air, 24(5), 554-555. [More Information]
  • Kim, J., de Dear, R., Candido, C., Zhang, H., Arens, E. (2013). Gender differences in office occupant perception of indoor environmental quality (IEQ). Building And Environment, 70, 245-256. [More Information]
  • de Dear, R., Akimoto, T., Arens, E., Brager, G., Candido, C., Cheong, D., Li, B., Nishihara, N., Sekhar, C., Tanabe, S., et al (2013). Progress in thermal comfort research over the last twenty years. Indoor Air, 23(6), 442-461. [More Information]
  • de Dear, R., Nathwani, A., Candido, C., Cabrera, D. (2013). The next generation of experientially realistic lab-based research: The University of Sydney's Indoor Environmental Quality Laboratory. Architectural Science Review, 56(1), 83-92. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Ohba, M. (2012). Effects of artificially induced heat acclimatization on subjects' thermal and air movement preferences. Building And Environment, 49(1), 251-258. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R. (2012). From thermal boredom to thermal pleasure: A brief literature review. Ambiente Construido, 12(1), 81-90.
  • Candido, C. (2011). Adaptive Comfort: Passive Design for Active Occupants. Environment Design Guide, (EDG 69 CC), 1-5.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R. (2011). Combined Thermal Acceptability and Air Movement Assessments in a Hot Humid Climate. Building And Environment, 46(2), 379-395. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., de Dear, R., Bittencourt, L., de Vecchi, R. (2011). Towards a Brazilian Standard for Naturally Ventilated Buildings: Guidelines for Thermal and Air Movement Acceptability. Building Research and Information, 39(2), 145-153. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L. (2010). Air movement acceptability limits and thermal comfort in Brazil's hot humid climate zone. Building And Environment, 45(1), 222-229. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L., de Dear, R. (2010). Aplicabilidade dos limites da velocidade do ar para efeito de conforto termico em climas quentes e umidos. Ambiente Construido, 10(4), 59-68.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L. (2010). Cooling exposure in hot humid climates: are occupants 'addicted'? Architectural Science Review, 53(1), 59-64. [More Information]
  • Andreasi, W., Lamberts, R., Candido, C. (2010). Thermal Acceptability Assessment in Buildings Located in Hot and Humid Regions in Brazil. Building And Environment, 45, 1225-1232. [More Information]
  • Bittencourt, L., Sacramento, A., Candido, C., Leal, T. (2007). Estudo do desempenho do peitoril ventilado para aumentar a ventilacao natural em escolas de Maceio/AL. Ambiente Construido, 7(3), 59-69.

Conferences

  • de Dear, R., Candido, C., Kim, J., Deuble, M. (2014). Summertime thermal comfort in Australian school classrooms. 8th Windsor Conference: Counting the Cost of Comfort in a Changing World, Windsor, UK: NCEUB Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings. [More Information]
  • Zhang, F., de Dear, R., Candido, C. (2014). Thermal Comfort during Direct Load Control Events in University Lecture Theatres. Indoor Air 2014, The 13th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong.
  • Parkinson, T., Candido, C., de Dear, R. (2013). 'Comfort Chimp': a Multi-Platform IEQ Questionnaire Development Environment. CLIMA 2013: 11th REHVA World Congress and 8th International Conference on IAQVEC, Prague, Czech Republic: Society of Environmental Engineering.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Thomas, L., Kim, J. (2013). Introducing BOSSA: The Building Occupants Survey System Australia. The Future of HVAC 2013, Melbourne, Vic, Australia: Australian Institution of Refrigeration, Airconditioning and Heating.
  • de Dear, R., Candido, C., Saman, W., Soebarto, V., Boland, J., Belusko, M., Bennetts, H., Ridley, B., Deuble, M. (2013). The impact of climate change on external and internal design conditions for air conditioning loads estimation. The Future of HVAC 2013, Melbourne, Vic, Australia: Australian Institution of Refrigeration, Airconditioning and Heating.
  • Kim, J., Deuble, M., Candido, C., de Dear, R. (2013). Thermal Comfort in a Large Property Portfolio: What can we do before surrendering to AC? CLIMA 2013: 11th REHVA World Congress and 8th International Conference on IAQVEC, Prague, Czech Republic: Society of Environmental Engineering.
  • de Dear, R., Candido, C. (2012). An Adaptive Thermal Comfort Policy for a Geographically Dispersed Property Portfolio; Deciding When and Where to Air-Condition in a Warm Climate Zone. 7th Windsor Conference, London, UK: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Thomas, L., Kim, J., Parkinson, T. (2012). BOSSA - Buildings Occupants Survey System Australia. The 46th Annual Conference of the Architectural Science Association - Building on Knowledge: Theory and Practice, Brisbane: Griffith University.
  • Parkinson, T., de Dear, R., Candido, C. (2012). Perception of Transient Thermal Environments: Pleasure and Alliesthesia. 7th Windsor Conference, London, UK: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • Nathwani, A., de Dear, R., Candido, C. (2012). The Missing Link - The Next Generation IEQ Lab with Ultimate Flexibility. 7th Windsor Conference, London, UK: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • de Vecchi, R., Candido, C., Lamberts, R. (2012). Thermal history and its influence on occupants' thermal acceptability and cooling preferences in warm-humid climates: a new desire for comfort? 7th Windsor Conference, London, UK: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., de Dear, R., Bittencourt, L. (2010). Towards a Brazilian standard for naturally ventilated buildings: guidelines for thermal and air movement acceptability. 6th Windsor Conference: Adapting to Change: New Thinking on Comfort, London: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L. (2009). Air movement preference and thermal comfort: A survey in classrooms during summer season in Brazil. PLEA 2009 - Architecture Energy and the Occupants Perspective, Canada: Les Presses de lUniversite Laval.
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L., de Dear, R. (2009). Aplicabilidade dos limites da velocidade do ar para efeito de conforto termico em climas quentes e umidos. X Encontro Nacional de Conforto no Ambiente Construido, Natal, Brazil: ANTAC.
  • Hyde, R., Rajapaksha, I., Groenhout, N., Barram, F., Shahriar, A., Candido, C., Rajapaksha, U. (2009). Towards a methodology for retrofitting commercial buildings using bioclimatic principles. 43rd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association ANZAScA 2009, Australia: University of Tasmania.
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L., de Dear, R. (2008). Aceitabilidade do movimento do ar e conforto térmico em edificações naturalmente ventiladas em Maceió/AL (Air movement acceptability inside naturally ventilated buildings in Maceio city). XII Encontro Nacional de Tecnologia do Ambiente Construido - ENTAC (12th National Meeting on Technology of Built Environment).
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L. (2008). Natural ventilation and thermal comfort: air movement acceptability inside naturally ventilated buildings in Brazilian hot humid zone. 5th Windsor Conference: Air-Conditioning & The Low Carbon Cooling Challenge, London: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • Candido, C., Bittencourt, L., Sacramento, A. (2007). Building Regulation and thermal comfort: The influence of opening typology on natural cooling inside office buildings. BS 2007 Building Simulation, China: IBPSA.

Design or Architectural Works

  • Bittencourt, L., Candido, C., Batista, J., Leal, T., Sacramento, A. (2007). NPM Laboratory - Bioclimatic design and hot-humid climates (Computational fluid dynamics). Federal University of Alagoas, Brazil: Federal University of Alagoas. Public (University building).

Digital Creative Works

  • Batista, J., Lamberts, R., Candido, C. (2008). Ecohome - Living Environment Bioclimatic Laboratory. Florianopolis, Brazil: Federal University of Santa Catarina.

Research Reports

  • Candido, C. (2010). Air movement acceptability limits in static indoor environment, March 2010, (pp. 1 - 30). Tokyo, Japan: Tokyo Polytechnic University.

2014

  • de Dear, R., Arens, E., Candido, C., Brager, G., Zhang, H., Toftum, J., Zhu, Y., Kurvers, S., Leyten, J., Sekhar, C., et al (2014). Indoor temperatures for optimum thermal comfort and human performance - reply to the letter by Wyon and Wargocki. Indoor Air, 24(5), 554-555. [More Information]
  • de Dear, R., Candido, C., Kim, J., Deuble, M. (2014). Summertime thermal comfort in Australian school classrooms. 8th Windsor Conference: Counting the Cost of Comfort in a Changing World, Windsor, UK: NCEUB Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings. [More Information]
  • Zhang, F., de Dear, R., Candido, C. (2014). Thermal Comfort during Direct Load Control Events in University Lecture Theatres. Indoor Air 2014, The 13th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong.

2013

  • Parkinson, T., Candido, C., de Dear, R. (2013). 'Comfort Chimp': a Multi-Platform IEQ Questionnaire Development Environment. CLIMA 2013: 11th REHVA World Congress and 8th International Conference on IAQVEC, Prague, Czech Republic: Society of Environmental Engineering.
  • Saman, W., Boland, J., Pullen, S., de Dear, R., Soebarto, V., Miller, W., Pocock, B., Belusko, M., Bruno, F., Whaley, D., Candido, C., Deuble, M., et al (2013). A framework for adaptation of Australian households to heat waves. Gold Coast, Queensland: National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility NCCARF.
  • Kim, J., de Dear, R., Candido, C., Zhang, H., Arens, E. (2013). Gender differences in office occupant perception of indoor environmental quality (IEQ). Building And Environment, 70, 245-256. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Thomas, L., Kim, J. (2013). Introducing BOSSA: The Building Occupants Survey System Australia. The Future of HVAC 2013, Melbourne, Vic, Australia: Australian Institution of Refrigeration, Airconditioning and Heating.
  • de Dear, R., Akimoto, T., Arens, E., Brager, G., Candido, C., Cheong, D., Li, B., Nishihara, N., Sekhar, C., Tanabe, S., et al (2013). Progress in thermal comfort research over the last twenty years. Indoor Air, 23(6), 442-461. [More Information]
  • Candido, C. (2013). Retrofitting Comfort and Indoor Environmental Quality: Can Improved Levels of Occupant Comfort, Human Health, Well-Being and Productivity Be Achieved from Existing Buildings? In Richard Hyde, Nathan Groenhout, Francis Barram and Ken Yeang (Eds.), Sustainable Retrofitting of Commercial Buildings: Warm Climates, (pp. 178-185). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • de Dear, R., Candido, C., Saman, W., Soebarto, V., Boland, J., Belusko, M., Bennetts, H., Ridley, B., Deuble, M. (2013). The impact of climate change on external and internal design conditions for air conditioning loads estimation. The Future of HVAC 2013, Melbourne, Vic, Australia: Australian Institution of Refrigeration, Airconditioning and Heating.
  • de Dear, R., Nathwani, A., Candido, C., Cabrera, D. (2013). The next generation of experientially realistic lab-based research: The University of Sydney's Indoor Environmental Quality Laboratory. Architectural Science Review, 56(1), 83-92. [More Information]
  • Kim, J., Deuble, M., Candido, C., de Dear, R. (2013). Thermal Comfort in a Large Property Portfolio: What can we do before surrendering to AC? CLIMA 2013: 11th REHVA World Congress and 8th International Conference on IAQVEC, Prague, Czech Republic: Society of Environmental Engineering.

2012

  • de Dear, R., Candido, C. (2012). An Adaptive Thermal Comfort Policy for a Geographically Dispersed Property Portfolio; Deciding When and Where to Air-Condition in a Warm Climate Zone. 7th Windsor Conference, London, UK: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Thomas, L., Kim, J., Parkinson, T. (2012). BOSSA - Buildings Occupants Survey System Australia. The 46th Annual Conference of the Architectural Science Association - Building on Knowledge: Theory and Practice, Brisbane: Griffith University.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Ohba, M. (2012). Effects of artificially induced heat acclimatization on subjects' thermal and air movement preferences. Building And Environment, 49(1), 251-258. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R. (2012). From thermal boredom to thermal pleasure: A brief literature review. Ambiente Construido, 12(1), 81-90.
  • Parkinson, T., de Dear, R., Candido, C. (2012). Perception of Transient Thermal Environments: Pleasure and Alliesthesia. 7th Windsor Conference, London, UK: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • Candido, C. (2012). Retrofitting Comfort: Moving from passive towards active occupants. In Richard Hyde (Eds.), Bioclimatic design for retrofitting commercial buildings in warm climates. UK: Earthscan.
  • Nathwani, A., de Dear, R., Candido, C. (2012). The Missing Link - The Next Generation IEQ Lab with Ultimate Flexibility. 7th Windsor Conference, London, UK: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.
  • de Vecchi, R., Candido, C., Lamberts, R. (2012). Thermal history and its influence on occupants' thermal acceptability and cooling preferences in warm-humid climates: a new desire for comfort? 7th Windsor Conference, London, UK: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.

2011

  • Candido, C. (2011). Adaptive Comfort: Passive Design for Active Occupants. Environment Design Guide, (EDG 69 CC), 1-5.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R. (2011). Combined Thermal Acceptability and Air Movement Assessments in a Hot Humid Climate. Building And Environment, 46(2), 379-395. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., de Dear, R., Bittencourt, L., de Vecchi, R. (2011). Towards a Brazilian Standard for Naturally Ventilated Buildings: Guidelines for Thermal and Air Movement Acceptability. Building Research and Information, 39(2), 145-153. [More Information]

2010

  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L. (2010). Air movement acceptability limits and thermal comfort in Brazil's hot humid climate zone. Building And Environment, 45(1), 222-229. [More Information]
  • Candido, C. (2010). Air movement acceptability limits in static indoor environment, March 2010, (pp. 1 - 30). Tokyo, Japan: Tokyo Polytechnic University.
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L., de Dear, R. (2010). Aplicabilidade dos limites da velocidade do ar para efeito de conforto termico em climas quentes e umidos. Ambiente Construido, 10(4), 59-68.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L. (2010). Cooling exposure in hot humid climates: are occupants 'addicted'? Architectural Science Review, 53(1), 59-64. [More Information]
  • Batista, J., Lamberts, R., Candido, C. (2010). Desempenho das estrategias bioclimaticas de projeto: inercia termica e ventilacao natural. In Roberto Lamberts, Enedir Ghisi, Claudia Donald Pereira, Juliana Oliveira Batista (Eds.), Casa Eficiente Bioclimatologia e Desempenho Termico, (pp. 37-57). Florianopolis: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.
  • Andreasi, W., Lamberts, R., Candido, C. (2010). Thermal Acceptability Assessment in Buildings Located in Hot and Humid Regions in Brazil. Building And Environment, 45, 1225-1232. [More Information]
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., de Dear, R., Bittencourt, L. (2010). Towards a Brazilian standard for naturally ventilated buildings: guidelines for thermal and air movement acceptability. 6th Windsor Conference: Adapting to Change: New Thinking on Comfort, London: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.

2009

  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L. (2009). Air movement preference and thermal comfort: A survey in classrooms during summer season in Brazil. PLEA 2009 - Architecture Energy and the Occupants Perspective, Canada: Les Presses de lUniversite Laval.
  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L., de Dear, R. (2009). Aplicabilidade dos limites da velocidade do ar para efeito de conforto termico em climas quentes e umidos. X Encontro Nacional de Conforto no Ambiente Construido, Natal, Brazil: ANTAC.
  • Hyde, R., Rajapaksha, I., Groenhout, N., Barram, F., Shahriar, A., Candido, C., Rajapaksha, U. (2009). Towards a methodology for retrofitting commercial buildings using bioclimatic principles. 43rd Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association ANZAScA 2009, Australia: University of Tasmania.

2008

  • Candido, C., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L., de Dear, R. (2008). Aceitabilidade do movimento do ar e conforto térmico em edificações naturalmente ventiladas em Maceió/AL (Air movement acceptability inside naturally ventilated buildings in Maceio city). XII Encontro Nacional de Tecnologia do Ambiente Construido - ENTAC (12th National Meeting on Technology of Built Environment).
  • Batista, J., Lamberts, R., Candido, C. (2008). Ecohome - Living Environment Bioclimatic Laboratory. Florianopolis, Brazil: Federal University of Santa Catarina.
  • Bittencourt, L., Candido, C. (2008). Introducao a Ventilacao Natural. Maceio: EDUFAL.
  • Candido, C., de Dear, R., Lamberts, R., Bittencourt, L. (2008). Natural ventilation and thermal comfort: air movement acceptability inside naturally ventilated buildings in Brazilian hot humid zone. 5th Windsor Conference: Air-Conditioning & The Low Carbon Cooling Challenge, London: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.

2007

  • Candido, C., Bittencourt, L., Sacramento, A. (2007). Building Regulation and thermal comfort: The influence of opening typology on natural cooling inside office buildings. BS 2007 Building Simulation, China: IBPSA.
  • Bittencourt, L., Sacramento, A., Candido, C., Leal, T. (2007). Estudo do desempenho do peitoril ventilado para aumentar a ventilacao natural em escolas de Maceio/AL. Ambiente Construido, 7(3), 59-69.
  • Bittencourt, L., Candido, C., Batista, J., Leal, T., Sacramento, A. (2007). NPM Laboratory - Bioclimatic design and hot-humid climates (Computational fluid dynamics). Federal University of Alagoas, Brazil: Federal University of Alagoas. Public (University building).

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