The archaeology of the ancient Mediterranean includes both prehistoric and historic eras, and embraces the complex societies of Bronze Age Greece and the Iron Age in Greece and Italy (including Etruscans and Romans). As one of the earliest established fields of archaeological research, the history of Classical Archaeology is also the history of the development of archaeological method. Contact and exchange across the millennia between the Mediterranean world and the Levant and North Africa also renders Classical Archaeology the study of connectivity and interculturation.
A number of factors contribute to the application of an unusually diverse range of methodologies for research in this area. In addition to excavation, surface survey and scientific analysis, scholars make use of a rich tradition of iconographic and written documentation to assist thematic enquiry.
The Department benefits from its close working relationship with the University’s Nicholson Museum and its rich Classical and Near Eastern collection. Core membership of the Centre for Classical and Near Eastern Studies of Australia further supports and enhances the research environment.
There are numerous themes occur in the Departmental research into this region, including:
- Ancient Greek Settlement Archaeology
- Archaeology of Ancient Greek Religion
- Exchange between the Greek world and Achaemenid Anatolia
- Representation of Persians in Greek visual culture
- Archaeology of Ancient Greek Childhood
- Comparative study of childhood in the ancient Mediterranean world: Egypt, Greece, Italy
- Interaction between Greeks and the indigenous inhabitants of Italy
- Theatre in South Italy
- The Zagora Archaeological Project
- The Kato Phana Archaeological Project
- Iconography and Social History of Childhood in Classical Antiquity
- Children in Antiquity: Perspectives and Experiences of Childhood in the Ancient Mediterranean
- Representing and Mis-Representing Persians in Attic Art