Judith Keene

Biographical details

My research focuses on twentieth century history with a particular interest in the cultural history of war, including as it is represented in art and cinema, and its effect on the formation of individual and collective memory. I have published widely on the Spanish civil war and World War Two and am currently writing a history of memory and the Korean War. I am also part of several international research networks whose primary concern is with war memory and its ramifications in different national contexts.

Research interests

  • War and peace in the twentieth century
  • Representations of war in art and cinema
  • Spanish civil war
  • Prisoners of war
  • European movements of the extreme right
  • Film and history

Current projects

  • A study of contemporary Spain, as part of a cross disciplinary Australian Research Council-funded project "Judging the Past in a Post-Cold War World" that examines the new approaches to the past in a range of countries ( Spain, Indonesia, Chile and France) in which the scaffold of political discourse was grounded in the rhetoric and ideology of the cold war. See http://judgingthepast.hypotheses.org/.
  • War and Memory: A Cultural History of the Korean War
  • “Picasso’s other Guernica”: the production and reception of Picasso’s Massacre en Corée (1951)

In the media

Select Commissioned Media Pieces

  • ‘Picasso's Guernica: The Painter and the Painting; the Event and the Myth’, Public Lecture, Sydney Ideas: University of Sydney, 19 May 2015
  • ABC Radio National, Rear Vision, "Tackling Foreign Fighters" 26 July 2015
  • ABC Radio, Late Night Live, "Traitors in World War Two" 30 September 2009-11-12
  • Sydney Morning Herald, Op Ed opinion piece, "Where the War Dead Lie" 10 June 2008
  • ABC Radio, Australia Talks, "Dealing with Australian and British bodies at Fromelles on the Western Front," 12 June 2008
  • ABC Radio, Rear Vision, "Spanish women parliamentarians," 29 June 2008
  • The Australian 2 October 2006: Op Ed opinion piece “Tokyo Rose Was Not a Traitor.”
  • BBC News Magazine, BBC website, 27 September 2006: “The Other Volunteers in Spain.”
  • ABC Radio Triple J, 18 November 2006: “ Is Nazism Dead?”
  • The Australian Higher Education Supplement 29 June 2005: “Russia Lifts the Siege of History.”
  • Sydney Morning Herald 11 April 2004: Op Ed opinion piece “Madrid Bombing.”
  • ABC TV 7.30 Report, 16 December 2004: “World War One and the Christmas Truce.”

Service to the University, the Discipline and the Community

Selected grants

  • Judging the Past in a Post-Cold War World; Wyndham M, Read P, Vickers A, Keene J, Rechniewski E; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Australia and Japan at War in South East Asia (1941 - 1945); Claremont Y, Keene J, Rechniewski E; Japan Foundation, Sydney/Local Grant Program.
  • A global standard for reporting conflict; Lynch J, Park J, Keene J; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Renegade citizens in the forgotten war: Official and popular responses to Korean War POWs and to Wilfred Burchett in the United States, Australia and Great Britain; Keene J; University of Sydney/Research & Development.
  • Eating and Drinking as Warfare: A Cultural History of the Madrid Diplomatic Corps 1940 to 1945; Keene J; University of Sydney/Research & Development.
  • Treason and traitors in Britain and the USA, 1914 to 2001; Keene J; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).
  • The Extreme Right in Europe, 1930-1945; Keene J; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).



    • Keene, J. (2017). “Framing Violence Framing Victims: Picasso’s Forgotten Painting of the Korean War” Cultural History, Vol 6. 1 (2017): 80-101.
    • Keene, J. (2017). “Aesthetics versus Ownership: Artists and Soldiers in the Design of the National Korean War Veterans Memorial, Washington DC.” In War Memories: Commemorations, Recollections, and Writings on War, edited by Renée Dickason and Stéphanie Bélanger, 33-54. Toronto: McGill-Queens University Press, 2017. .


    • Keene, J. (2016). “The Child Witness and Cultural Memory in European War Cinema”, International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, Vol 12.1 (2016): 95-113..


    • Keene, J. (2012). Picasso's Massacre en Corée. Picasso NSW Art Gallery and the Power Institute University of Sydney, associated with the Picasso Exhibition from the Picasso Museum, Paris.
    • Keene, J. (2012). Picasso's War Paintings. Public Lecture, NSW Art Gallery, Picasso Exhibition from Picasso Museum Paris.


    • Keene, J. (2011). Enshrining grievance, remembering veterans: The Movement to Raise a Korean War Veterans’ Memorial on the Washington Mall. Colloque International "Histoires de l'oubli dans les mondes francophone et anglophone, 19e- 21e siècles" Université de Provence à Aix-en-Provence 8-10 December 2011.
    • Keene, J. (2011). Fighting for God, for Franco and (most of all) for Themselves: Right-Wing Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. In Christine G. Kruger and Sonja Levsen (Eds.), War Volunteering in Modern Times: From the French Revolution to the Second World War, (pp. 211-230). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
    • Keene, J. (2011). In praise of untidy endings: Trans-national Understandings of the POW Figure in Japan, Australia and Elsewhere. Japan Foundation International Symposium on The Asia-Pacific War: Return, Representation and Reconciliation, The University of Sydney, 30 September 2011.
    • Keene, J. (2011). Lost to Public Commemoration: American Veterans of the "Forgotten" Korean War. Journal Of Social History, 44(4), 1095-1113. [More Information]


    • Keene, J. (2010). Bodily Matters Above and Below Ground: The Treatment of American Remains from the Korean War. The Public Historian, 32(1), 59-78. [More Information]
    • Keene, J. (2010). War, Cinema, Prosthetic Memory and Popular Understanding: A Case Study of the Korean War. PORTAL Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, 7(1), 1-18.
    • Keene, J. (2010). Where Are the Bodies? A Transnational Examination of State Violence and Its Consequences. The Public Historian, 32(1), 7-12. [More Information]


    • Keene, J. (2009). Researching and Writing Fascism and Anti-Fascism. Masters Class, Post Graduate Research Students Dept of History, University of Adelaide, 10 July 2009.
    • Keene, J. (2009). Spanish Historical Memory and the Struggle for a Useable Past. Australasian Association of European History, Adelaide, 6 July 2009.
    • Keene, J. (2009). Treason on the Airwaves: Three Allied Broadcasters on Axis Radio during World War II. Westport, CT, USA: Praeger Publishers.


    • Keene, J. (2008). Emilia Pardo Bazan. In Smith, Bonnie G (Eds.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History. (pp. 412-413). New York: Oxford University Press.
    • Aldrich, R., Keene, J. (2008). Rethinking and Rewriting Europe's Histories: Introduction. Australian Journal of Politics and History, 54(3), 343-345.
    • Keene, J. (2008). Se battre pour Dieu pour Franco et (surtout) pour Nous: Les volontaires de droit pendant la guerre civile espagnole. Public Lecture, International Series: Se Battre pour des idées: Volontariat militaire et Engagement Politique XVIIIe-XXIe siècle. École Normale Supérieur, Paris, March 2008.


    • Keene, J. (2007). A la recerca de la vida a Acràcia. Un anarquista català a Austràlia. el contemporania, 33-34, 85-99.
    • Keene, J. (2007). Fighting for Franco: International Volunteers in Nationalist Spain during the Spanish Civil War. London & New York: Continuum.
    • Keene, J. (2007). Review Article: Turning Memories into History in the Spanish Year of Historical Memory. Journal of Contemporary History, 42(4), 661-671. [More Information]


    • Keene, J. (2006). En busca de la vida en Acracia: un anarquista catalán en Australie. Spagna Contemporanea, 28(14), 107-131.
    • Keene, J., Nicholls, M. (2006). Viridiana - DVD Commentary. DVD, Melbourne, Australia: Madman Entertainment.


    • Keene, J., Pardo Lancina, V. (2005). A una milla de Huesca: diario de una enfermera australiana en la guerra Civil Española. Rolde: University of Zaragoza Press.
    • Keene, J. (2005). Altrispanismi: Toreros y canguros: hablando y ensenando espanol en Australia. Spagna Contemporanea, xiv(27), 187-200.
    • Keene, J. (2005). Japanese Overseas Broadcasting and Allied Prisoners of War During World War II. Radio Conference 2005, Melbourne (Aust): RMIT Publishing.
    • Keene, J. (2005). Spanish civil war. In Agnes Hodgson, Judith Keene, Víctor Pardo Lancina, Gabriel Jackson (Eds.), A una milla de Huesca: diario de una enfermera australiana en la guerra Civil Española, (pp. 17-76). Rolde: University of Zaragoza Press.


    • Keene, J. (2004). At Home And Away With The Amery Family On Empire Day. History Australia, I(2), 179-195.
    • Keene, J. (2004). Leni Riefenstahl: Film Maker Extraordinaire Or Nazi Stooge? The National Centre for History Education - ozhistorybytes, (Five), 1-13.
    • Keene, J. (2004). Ritual, Ceremonies and Daily Diplomacy in Madrid during World War Two. Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the Australasian Association for European History, South Australia: Australian Humanities Press.


    • Keene, J. (2002). Foreign Women in Spain for General Franco during the Spanish Civil War. In Paola Baccetta and Margaret Power (Eds.), Right-Wing Women From Conservatives to Extremists Around the World, (pp. 183-196). London & New York: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
    • Keene, J. (2002). Strange bedfellows: feminists, Catholics and anticlericals in the enfranchisement of Spanish women. Australian Feminist Studies, 17(38), 165-176.


    • Keene, J. (2001). Fighting for Franco: International Volunteers in Nationalist Spain during the Spanish Civil War. London & New York: Continuum.