Imported fine wares from Jebel Khalid

I have completed my final report on the imported Fine Wares from the Hellenistic settlement of Jebel Khalid in Syria. The report (which should appeared in 2008) was published as volume 3 in the Jebel Khalid on the Euphrates Final Reports and will also include the Common Wares from the Domestic Quarter, written by Dr. Heather Jackson (University of Melbourne).

On a rocky outcrop towering some 100m over the right bank of the Euphrates River, Jebel Khalid (its ancient name is as yet unknown) was founded early in the 3rd century BCE as a Seleucid military outpost and was finally abandoned (peacefully it would seem) c. 70 BCE. ANU/University of Melbourne excavations (under the direction of Emeritus Professor Graeme Clarke and Dr. Jackson) have been in progress there since 1987.

Perhaps not surprisingly, much of the large quantity of fine wares from the site - in particular the Black Glaze pottery, Eastern Sigillata A, and Moulded Bowls - seems to have originated in the great Seleucid capital of Antioch as, indeed, do most of the coins from the site.

Interestingly, limited neutron activation analysis on ceramics from Antioch, Jebel Khalid, and Pella in Jordan appears to confirm my impression that much of the Hellenistic Black Glaze from this last site was also supplied from Antioch - at least during much of the 2nd century BC when southern Syria was still under Seleucid control.

I am also currently working on the first of the Final Reports on the Hellenistic levels at Pella in Jordan.

-John Tidmarsh

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