SURCLA Seminar | A Retrospect on Colonialism: The Condition of Native Andeans after Three Centuries of Colonial Rule.
23 April, 2013
5.30 - 7.00pm
A Retrospect on Colonialism: The Condition of Native Andeans after Three Centuries of Colonial Rule.
Blanca Tovías, University of Sydney
Shortly after independence, a Native Andean community in Southern Peru complained bitterly to their Prefect that although tyranny and oppression should have ended with their “beloved independence”, the mistreatment of the “Indian” continued. Fifteen years earlier Manuel Quimper, the region’s Intendant and colonial governor, had railed against the exploitation of the Indians of Lake Titicaca’s towns and hinterlands. In pre-Inca times the powerful Lupaqa and Colla kingdoms controlled the greater Titicaca basin, which was absorbed into the Incario, becoming the richest region in the Inca Empire. After the conquest, the Spanish Crown claimed it for its own. The region was also ‘in the eye of the storm’ in the Great Rebellion of the Andes in 1780 and from 1808 to 1815 during the independence wars. This paper examines the conditions of indigenous communities in the southern Andes after three centuries of colonial rule. It seeks to provide a long-term view of the region, as well as a ‘snapshot’ of the condition of Native Andeans on the eve of independence.
Blanca Tovías is an ARC Discovery Early Career Research Fellow at the University of Sydney. She is the outgoing Co-Managing Editor of the Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research. Her research interest encompass:
- History and Literatures of First Nations of the Americas (United States, Canada, Mexico and Peru).
- Imperialism and Colonialism throughout the Americas.
- The History of Exploration and Colonization of the Pacific, 19th Century.
- Fiestas, Dances and Ceremonies in the Mexico–United States Borderlands
The book of Blanca’s PhD dissertation on the Blackfoot First Nations of Canada and the United States, Colonialism on the Prairies: Blackfoot Settlement and Cultural Transformation, 1870–1920, was published with Sussex Academic Press in 2011 and a paperback version appeared in 2012. She has also co-edited three other books (two in Spanish) on Latin American history and anthropology. Blanca has published articles and chapters in anthologies on Empire and Women, Genocide and Massacre Studies, Gender, the Politics of Dress, Native American Literature and Indigenous Knowledges. She is currently researching Native American women’s work in the borderlands between Canada and the United States. She is also writing a book on late colonial Peru that combines history, ethnology, and literary criticism.
Location: Old Teachers College Room 438