Associate Professor Susan Park

BA Flin, MA ANU, PhD Sydney
Associate Professor

H04 - Merewether Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 6593

Website Contact Details

Biographical details

Susan is an Associate Professor in International Relations. She joined the department in 2008 after teaching at Deakin University for three years and previously at the University of New South Wales.

Dr Park's current research project examines the rise, spread and efficacy of accountability mechanisms that have been created by Multilateral Development Banks in order to redress the negative impacts of development projects on local communities.

Susan has consulted for the Asian Development Bank on improving outreach for their Accountability Mechanism.

Dr Park chaired the fifth Oceanic International Studies Conference which was hosted by the Department of Government and International Relations, July 18-20 2012. OCIS is a biennial event that is the largest conference on international relations and international studies in Australia and New Zealand.

Susan has a long standing commitment to Global Environmental Politics.

Research interests

  • International Relations
  • Constructivist theory, processes of socialisation and identity change
  • International Organisations and Global Governance
  • The World Bank Group and Regional Development Banks
  • International Economic Organisations (the IMF and the WTO)
  • Non-Government Organisations; Environmental Advocacy
  • Global Environmental Politics
  • Dr Park is particularly interested in supervising research and doctoral dissertations on international organisation behaviour and change, specifically in relation to global and regional organisations.

Teaching and supervision

Current Research Students
  • Helena Varkkey – Transboundary Haze Management and ASEAN (completed in 2012)
  • Michael Gaskin – The Legitimacy of the G20
Past Courses

Associations

Susan was elected to be the Vice President (program chair) of the Environmental Studies Section of the International Studies Association for 2014-2016. She was a member of the Executive Committee for 2012-2013 and in 2009 was the was Chair of the Harold and Margaret Sprout Award Committee for the best book on international and environmental problems (she was a member of the committee in 2008). The award is given at the annual International Studies Association conference.

Susan is a member of the editorial board for the Australian Journal of International Affairs.

In the media

Selected Invited Presentations
  • Park, S 2013: “US influence in the Multilateral Development Banks,” Institute for Global and International Studies, the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, U.S, October 3.
  • Park, S 2013: “Institutional Isomorphism, the Multilateral Development Banks and the Diffusion of Accountability Mechanisms,” Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore, March 28.
  • Park, S 2013: “Institutional Isomorphism, the Multilateral Development Banks and the Diffusion of Accountability Mechanisms,” Griffith University, Brisbane, March 22.
  • Park, S 2013: “Accountability Mechanisms for the MDBs: The Case of the ADB” Innovations in Transnational Accountability workshop, the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, March 21.
  • Park, S 2012: “Something Old, Something New; Something Borrowed, Something Blue? Institutional Isomorphism and the Asian Development Bank’s Accountability Mechanism” Global Development Group, University of Aberystwyth, U.K November 12.
  • Park, S 2012: “Something Old, Something New; Something Borrowed, Something Blue? Institutional Isomorphism and the Asian Development Bank’s Accountability Mechanism” School of the Social Science and Humanities, Murdoch University, October 25.
  • Park, S 2012: “Something Old, Something New; Something Borrowed, Something Blue? Institutional Isomorphism and the Asian Development Bank’s Accountability Mechanism” School of Politics and International Relations, ANU, 7 August.
  • Park, S 2012: “Something Old, Something New; Something Borrowed, Something Blue? Institutional Isomorphism and the Asian Development Bank’s Accountability Mechanism” University of Sydney Environmental Research Cluster Series, September.
  • Park, S 2009: “Sustainable Finance: Codes, International Organisations and Law,” with Dr Kate Miles, Law Faculty, University of Sydney, October.
  • Park, S 2009: “Owning Development: Creating Global Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank” International Center for Business and Politics, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark, June.
  • Park, S 2009: “The Social Design of International Institutions: External Accountability Mechanisms for Multilateral Development Banks” Department of Political Science and International Studies, University of Birmingham, U.K April.
  • Park, S 2009: “The World Bank: Owning the Global Safeguard Policy Norm?” Department of Geography, the London School of Economics, U.K January.

PhD and master's project opportunities

Selected grants

2014

  • Multilateral Development Bank Accountability: Who Benefits?; Park S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Global Economic Governance and the Development Practices of the ‘Other’ Multilateral Development Banks; Park S, Strand J; International Studies Association/ISA Catalytic Workshop Grant.

2013

  • Rising powers and the future accountability of the multilateral development banks; Park S; DVC Research/Brown Fellowships.

2012

  • Law and Society; Beem B, Crofts T, Hendrischke H, Howard-Wagner D, Humphrey M, Lambourne W, Lee M, Macdonald G, Martin G, O'Brien K, O'Malley P, Park S, Piper N, Scott Bray R, Van Krieken R, Winter B; Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences/FASS Collaborative Research Scheme.
  • “Beyond the Hegemon’s Shadow: Examining the Creation and Effectiveness of Accountability Mechanisms for the Multilateral De Banks"; Park S; Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences/FASS Large Grant.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Books

  • Park, S. (2010). World Bank Group interactions with Environmentalists: Changing International Organisation Identities. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.

Edited Books

  • Park, S., Vetterlein, A. (2010). Owning Development: Creating Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Book Chapters

  • Park, S. (2013). Transnational Environmental Activism. In Robert Falkner (Eds.), The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy, (pp. 268-285). UK: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Park, S. (2012). Bankers Governing the Environment? Private Authority, Power Diffusion and the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative. In Stefano Guzzini and Iver B. Neumann (Eds.), The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance: International Political Economy Meets Foucault, (pp. 141-171). Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Park, S. (2012). Greening Development Finance: Cases from the World Bank Group. In Peter Dauvergne (Eds.), Handbook Of Global Environmental Politics, Second Edition, (pp. 363-374). Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Park, S., Weaver, C. (2012). The anatomy of autonomy: The case of the World Bank. In Joel Oestreich (Eds.), International Organizations as Self-Directed Actors, (pp. 91-117). Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge.
  • Park, S. (2011). Os Ambientalistas Poderao 'tornar verde' a Agencia Multilateral de Garantia de Investimentos. In Monica Dias Martins, Rosemary Galli (Eds.), Multilateralismo e Reacoes Sul Americanos, (pp. 83-116). Brazil: Editora da Universidade Estadual do Ceará.
  • Park, S., Vetterlein, A. (2010). Do policy norms reconstitute global development? In Susan Park, Antje Vetterlein (Eds.), Owning Development: Creating Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank, (pp. 225-247). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Park, S., Vetterlein, A. (2010). Owning development: creating policy norms in the IMF and the World Bank. In Susan Park, Antje Vetterlein (Eds.), Owning Development: Creating Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank, (pp. 3-26). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Park, S. (2010). The World Bank's global safeguard policy norm? In Susan Park, Antje Vetterlein (Eds.), Owning Development: Creating Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank, (pp. 181-203). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Park, S. (2009). Socialisation, The World Bank Group and Global Environmental Governance. In Biermann, Frank~Siebenhuner, Bernd~Schreyogg, Anna~ (Eds.), International Organisations in Global Environmental Governance, (pp. 91-110). London and New York: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Park, S. (2007). Becoming Green: Diffusing sustainable development norms throughout the World Bank Group. In Diane Stone and Christopher Wright (Eds.), The World Bank and Governance: A Decade of Reform and Reaction, (pp. 168-188). Abingdon & New York: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.

Journals

  • Park, S. (2014). 'Something Old, Something New; Something Borrowed, Something Blue': Institutional Isomorphism and the Asian Development Bank's Accountability Mechanism. Pacific Review, 27(2), 1-23. [More Information]
  • Park, S. (2014). Socialisation and the Liberal Order. International Politics: a journal of transnational issues and global problems, 51(3), 334-349. [More Information]
  • Griffin, P., Hastings, J., Park, S. (2013). Asia Pacific Going Forward: A View from OCIS V. Global Change, Peace and Security, 25(1), 1-4. [More Information]
  • Simpson, A., Park, S. (2013). The Asian Development Bank as a Global Risk Regulator in Myanmar. Third World Quarterly, 34(10), 1858-1871. [More Information]
  • Widmaier, W., Park, S. (2012). Differences Beyond Theory: Structural, Strategic, and Sentimental Approaches to Normative Change. International Studies Perspectives, 13(2), 123-134. [More Information]
  • Park, S. (2010). Designing Accountability, International Economic Organisations and the World Bank's Inspection Panel. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 64(1), 13-36. [More Information]
  • Park, S. (2009). International Organizations: Agents of Change in the Twenty-First Century? Politika Annual Journal, , 16-22.
  • Park, S. (2009). Review Essay: Ask the Experts? The World Bank and International Development Lending in the 21st Century. Review of International Political Economy, 16(2), 329-349.
  • Park, S. (2009). The World Bank, Dams and the Meaning of Sustainable Development in Use. Journal of International Law and International Relations, 5(1), 93-122.
  • Weaver, C., Park, S. (2007). The Role of the World Bank in Poverty Alleviation and Human Development in the Twenty-First Century: An Introduction. Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Institutions, 13(4), 461-468.
  • Park, S. (2007). The World Bank Group: Championing Sustainable Development Norms? Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Institutions, 13(4), 535-556.
  • Park, S. (2006). Theorizing Norm Diffusion Within International Organizations. International Politics: a journal of transnational issues and global problems, 43(3), 342-361.
  • Park, S. (2005). How Transnational Environmental Advocacy Networks Socialise IFIs: A Case Study of the International Finance Corporation. Global Environmental Politics, 5(4), 95-119.
  • Park, S. (2005). Norm Diffusion within International Organisations: A Case Study of the World Bank. Journal of International Relations and Development, 8(2), 111-141.
  • Park, S. (2004). The Role Of Transnational Advocacy Networks In Reconstituting International Organization Identitites. Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, Volume 5, Number(2 : Summer/Fall 2004), 79-92.

Conferences

  • Park, S., Kramarz, T. (2014). Conceptualising 'Accountability' in Global Environmental Governance: Can there be a Single Definition? Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance: Access and Allocation in the Anthropocene, Norwich UK: Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance.
  • Park, S. (2014). Hegemony for Good: The US, Coercive Isomorphism and External Accountability for the Multilateral Development Banks. Oceanic Conference of International Studies, 2014 (6th), Melbourne: Oceanic Conference on International Studies (OCIS).
  • Park, S., Vetterlein, A. (2014). The Power of Norms: Norm Decline in International Organizations. International Studies Association Conference 2014, USA: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2013). What Role Does Organisational Culture Play in Explaining Change in the Multilateral Development Banks. International Studies Association Conference 2013, San Francisco: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2009). Risking Business? Environmental Advocacy and the World Bank's Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency. 50th International Studies Association Annual Conference ISA 2009, United States: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2008). Assessing the Accountability of the World Bank Group. 49th International Studies Association Annual Conference, San Francisco: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2008). The World Bank: Owning Global Safeguard Policy Norms? 80th Annual Conference of the Canadaian Political Science Association, 2008 (CPSA 2008), Canada: Canadian Political Science Association.
  • Park, S. (2007). Greening Up: The World Bank Group in Global Environmental Governance. 48th Annual International Studies Association Convention 2007, Tucsin, Arizona: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2007). Norm Contetsation: World Bank's Sustainable Development. 48th Annual International Studies Association Convention 2007, Tucsin, Arizona: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2006). UNEP's Finance Initiative: Beyond Bluewash? International Studies Association 47th Annual Convention (ISA 2006), Tuscon,Arizona: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2004). Greening Political Risk: Transnational Advocacy Networks And The World Bank Group. 1st Oceanic Conference on International Studies 2004, online: Australian National University (ANU).
  • Park, S. (2003). 'Greening' the international finance corporation: transnational environmental advocacy networks and sustainable development. Australasian Political Studies Association Conference 2003, Australia: University of Tasmania.

Reference Works

  • Park, S. (2014). The World Bank. In Jean-Frederic Morin and Amandine Orsini (Eds.), Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Park, S. (2013). Organisations and Regional Environmental Regimes. Case Studies from Australia, New Zealand and the Asia Pacific, supplement to John Baylis and Steve Smith, The Globalization of World Politics. (pp. 34-38). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Park, S. (2013). The Asian Development Bank in the Pacific. Case Studies from Australia, New Zealand and the Asia Pacific, supplement to John Baylis and Steve Smith, The Globalization of World Politics. (pp. 56-59). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2014

  • Park, S. (2014). 'Something Old, Something New; Something Borrowed, Something Blue': Institutional Isomorphism and the Asian Development Bank's Accountability Mechanism. Pacific Review, 27(2), 1-23. [More Information]
  • Park, S., Kramarz, T. (2014). Conceptualising 'Accountability' in Global Environmental Governance: Can there be a Single Definition? Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance: Access and Allocation in the Anthropocene, Norwich UK: Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance.
  • Park, S. (2014). Hegemony for Good: The US, Coercive Isomorphism and External Accountability for the Multilateral Development Banks. Oceanic Conference of International Studies, 2014 (6th), Melbourne: Oceanic Conference on International Studies (OCIS).
  • Park, S. (2014). Socialisation and the Liberal Order. International Politics: a journal of transnational issues and global problems, 51(3), 334-349. [More Information]
  • Park, S., Vetterlein, A. (2014). The Power of Norms: Norm Decline in International Organizations. International Studies Association Conference 2014, USA: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2014). The World Bank. In Jean-Frederic Morin and Amandine Orsini (Eds.), Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance. Abingdon: Routledge.

2013

  • Griffin, P., Hastings, J., Park, S. (2013). Asia Pacific Going Forward: A View from OCIS V. Global Change, Peace and Security, 25(1), 1-4. [More Information]
  • Park, S. (2013). Organisations and Regional Environmental Regimes. Case Studies from Australia, New Zealand and the Asia Pacific, supplement to John Baylis and Steve Smith, The Globalization of World Politics. (pp. 34-38). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Simpson, A., Park, S. (2013). The Asian Development Bank as a Global Risk Regulator in Myanmar. Third World Quarterly, 34(10), 1858-1871. [More Information]
  • Park, S. (2013). The Asian Development Bank in the Pacific. Case Studies from Australia, New Zealand and the Asia Pacific, supplement to John Baylis and Steve Smith, The Globalization of World Politics. (pp. 56-59). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Park, S. (2013). Transnational Environmental Activism. In Robert Falkner (Eds.), The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy, (pp. 268-285). UK: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Park, S. (2013). What Role Does Organisational Culture Play in Explaining Change in the Multilateral Development Banks. International Studies Association Conference 2013, San Francisco: International Studies Association.

2012

  • Park, S. (2012). Bankers Governing the Environment? Private Authority, Power Diffusion and the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative. In Stefano Guzzini and Iver B. Neumann (Eds.), The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance: International Political Economy Meets Foucault, (pp. 141-171). Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Widmaier, W., Park, S. (2012). Differences Beyond Theory: Structural, Strategic, and Sentimental Approaches to Normative Change. International Studies Perspectives, 13(2), 123-134. [More Information]
  • Park, S. (2012). Greening Development Finance: Cases from the World Bank Group. In Peter Dauvergne (Eds.), Handbook Of Global Environmental Politics, Second Edition, (pp. 363-374). Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Park, S., Weaver, C. (2012). The anatomy of autonomy: The case of the World Bank. In Joel Oestreich (Eds.), International Organizations as Self-Directed Actors, (pp. 91-117). Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge.

2011

  • Park, S. (2011). Os Ambientalistas Poderao 'tornar verde' a Agencia Multilateral de Garantia de Investimentos. In Monica Dias Martins, Rosemary Galli (Eds.), Multilateralismo e Reacoes Sul Americanos, (pp. 83-116). Brazil: Editora da Universidade Estadual do Ceará.

2010

  • Park, S. (2010). Designing Accountability, International Economic Organisations and the World Bank's Inspection Panel. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 64(1), 13-36. [More Information]
  • Park, S., Vetterlein, A. (2010). Do policy norms reconstitute global development? In Susan Park, Antje Vetterlein (Eds.), Owning Development: Creating Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank, (pp. 225-247). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Park, S., Vetterlein, A. (2010). Owning Development: Creating Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Park, S., Vetterlein, A. (2010). Owning development: creating policy norms in the IMF and the World Bank. In Susan Park, Antje Vetterlein (Eds.), Owning Development: Creating Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank, (pp. 3-26). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Park, S. (2010). The World Bank's global safeguard policy norm? In Susan Park, Antje Vetterlein (Eds.), Owning Development: Creating Policy Norms in the IMF and the World Bank, (pp. 181-203). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Park, S. (2010). World Bank Group interactions with Environmentalists: Changing International Organisation Identities. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.

2009

  • Park, S. (2009). International Organizations: Agents of Change in the Twenty-First Century? Politika Annual Journal, , 16-22.
  • Park, S. (2009). Review Essay: Ask the Experts? The World Bank and International Development Lending in the 21st Century. Review of International Political Economy, 16(2), 329-349.
  • Park, S. (2009). Risking Business? Environmental Advocacy and the World Bank's Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency. 50th International Studies Association Annual Conference ISA 2009, United States: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2009). Socialisation, The World Bank Group and Global Environmental Governance. In Biermann, Frank~Siebenhuner, Bernd~Schreyogg, Anna~ (Eds.), International Organisations in Global Environmental Governance, (pp. 91-110). London and New York: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Park, S. (2009). The World Bank, Dams and the Meaning of Sustainable Development in Use. Journal of International Law and International Relations, 5(1), 93-122.

2008

  • Park, S. (2008). Assessing the Accountability of the World Bank Group. 49th International Studies Association Annual Conference, San Francisco: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2008). The World Bank: Owning Global Safeguard Policy Norms? 80th Annual Conference of the Canadaian Political Science Association, 2008 (CPSA 2008), Canada: Canadian Political Science Association.

2007

  • Park, S. (2007). Becoming Green: Diffusing sustainable development norms throughout the World Bank Group. In Diane Stone and Christopher Wright (Eds.), The World Bank and Governance: A Decade of Reform and Reaction, (pp. 168-188). Abingdon & New York: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Park, S. (2007). Greening Up: The World Bank Group in Global Environmental Governance. 48th Annual International Studies Association Convention 2007, Tucsin, Arizona: International Studies Association.
  • Park, S. (2007). Norm Contetsation: World Bank's Sustainable Development. 48th Annual International Studies Association Convention 2007, Tucsin, Arizona: International Studies Association.
  • Weaver, C., Park, S. (2007). The Role of the World Bank in Poverty Alleviation and Human Development in the Twenty-First Century: An Introduction. Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Institutions, 13(4), 461-468.
  • Park, S. (2007). The World Bank Group: Championing Sustainable Development Norms? Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Institutions, 13(4), 535-556.

2006

  • Park, S. (2006). Theorizing Norm Diffusion Within International Organizations. International Politics: a journal of transnational issues and global problems, 43(3), 342-361.
  • Park, S. (2006). UNEP's Finance Initiative: Beyond Bluewash? International Studies Association 47th Annual Convention (ISA 2006), Tuscon,Arizona: International Studies Association.

2005

  • Park, S. (2005). How Transnational Environmental Advocacy Networks Socialise IFIs: A Case Study of the International Finance Corporation. Global Environmental Politics, 5(4), 95-119.
  • Park, S. (2005). Norm Diffusion within International Organisations: A Case Study of the World Bank. Journal of International Relations and Development, 8(2), 111-141.

2004

  • Park, S. (2004). Greening Political Risk: Transnational Advocacy Networks And The World Bank Group. 1st Oceanic Conference on International Studies 2004, online: Australian National University (ANU).
  • Park, S. (2004). The Role Of Transnational Advocacy Networks In Reconstituting International Organization Identitites. Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, Volume 5, Number(2 : Summer/Fall 2004), 79-92.

2003

  • Park, S. (2003). 'Greening' the international finance corporation: transnational environmental advocacy networks and sustainable development. Australasian Political Studies Association Conference 2003, Australia: University of Tasmania.

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