Dr Wendy Lambourne

BSc(Hons) (UMelb), GradDip(Inf Serv) (RMIT), MA(Int Rel) (ANU), GradDip in Int Law (ANU), PhD (Sydney)
Senior Lecturer
Deputy Director & Academic Coordinator

K01 - Mackie Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9036 9286

Website Contact details

Biographical details

Dr Wendy Lambourne is Senior Lecturer, Academic Coordinator and Deputy Director, Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Sydney. Her research is concerned with analysing and evaluating transitional justice, reconciliation and peacebuilding after mass violence, with a regional focus on Africa and Asia/Pacific. She has conducted field research in Rwanda, Cambodia, East Timor, Sierra Leone, Uganda and Burundi. Her current research is specifically focused on gender and transitional justice in Kenya, Northern Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. Her teaching, research and supervision also cover the United Nations, genocide, humanitarian intervention, conflict resolution, trauma healing and the psychology of peace.

Her publications include chapters in Mohammed Abu-Nimer (ed.) Reconciliation, Justice, and Coexistence: Theory and Practice (Lexington Books, 2001), Ustinia Dolgopol & Judith Gardam (eds) The Challenge of Conflict: International Law Responds (Martinus Nijhoff, 2006), Lilian A. Barria & Steven D. Roper (eds) The Development of Institutions of Human Rights (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) and Nicola Palmer, Danielle Granville & Phil Clark (eds) Critical Perspectives in Transitional Justice (Intersentia, 2012), and articles in the Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, International Journal of Transitional Justice, African Security Review and Global Change, Peace and Security.

Dr Lambourne represents the University of Sydney in the WUN Transformative Justice network. She has served as the co-convenor of the Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Commission of the International Peace Research Association since 2006, and was formerly on the Executive of the International Studies Association Peace Studies Section. She has been a visiting scholar with Oxford Transitional Justice Research, International Center for Transitional Justice in Cape Town, Center for Peace Research and Strategic Studies at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, and Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia. In addition to her PhD from the University of Sydney, Dr Lambourne holds postgraduate degrees in International Relations and International Law from the Australian National University, and an Honours degree in Psychology from the University of Melbourne. She worked previously with the Peace Research Centre, Australian National University, and as National Manager of RESULTS Australia, an aid and development advocacy organisation.

Research interests

Find out more about Wendy's research.

My research over the past 15 years has been concerned with understanding the concepts of justice and reconciliation in different cultural contexts and conflict settings. Although I have researched and written about reconciliation in the context of indigenous-non-indigenous relations as in Australia, my main focus is on how communities pursue justice and reconciliation in the context of peacebuilding after mass violence, and especially post-genocide. I analyse and assess the various transitional justice processes and mechanisms such as war crimes tribunals, truth commissions and traditional indigenous processes from the perspective of local affected populations. My research has also focused on assessing peacebuilding theory and practice including the role of the United Nations and other international actors in post-conflict peacebuilding. I am particularly concerned about how principles of civil society participation and local ownership contribute to effective transitional justice processes and the long-term sustainability of peacebuilding.

My regional focus is on Africa and Asia/Pacific, applying psychosocial methods of data collection and analysis to the assessment of local, national and international approaches to transitional justice and peacebuilding. I have conducted fieldwork in Rwanda (1998, 2005), Cambodia (1999, 2009), Timor Leste (2004) and Sierra Leone (2006), with research visits also to South Africa (2006), Mozambique (2007), Uganda & Kenya (2011), and Rwanda & Burundi (2012). As a result of this field research I have proposed a new model of transformative justice that emphasises transformation of relationships as well as institutions; an appreciation of multiple justice needs; a focus on justice in the future in addition to addressing past human rights violations; and the importance of localisation and contextualisation (Lambourne 2009). As an adjunct to this research I have introduced the concept of ‘inreach’ to complement outreach and support civil society participation, agency and empowerment in transitional justice, with a particular focus on marginalised communities such as women and refugees (Lambourne 2012).

Most recently I have commenced a two-year collaborative research project Making Transitional Justice Work for Women: Rights, Resilience and Responses to Violence Against Women in Northern Uganda, Kenya and Democratic Republic of Congo. Other recent projects include the impact of memorialistion on reconciliation after genocide in Rwanda and the Rwandan diaspora community in Australia; and how local community approaches to trauma healing and reconciliation contribute to transitional justice and peacebuilding through building resilience and sustaining livelihoods in Rwanda and Burundi. My previous research has also covered United Nations peacebuilding, genocide and humanitarian intervention. I have supervised higher degree by research on the impact of the Liberian truth commission on reconciliation in Liberia and for the Liberian diaspora; faith-based peacebuilding and development in Kenya; trauma healing, reconciliation and peacebuilding in South Sudan; responsibility to prevent genocide in Darfur; United Nations peace operations in Burundi; the potential for a UN Emergency Peace Service; and empowerment of women in transitional justice and peacebuilding in Peru.

Teaching and supervision

I have been the Academic Coordinator of the Peace and Conflict Studies postgraduate program since 2003, and I have also been Postgraduate Research Coordinator (2005-2008) and Undergraduate Coordinator (2007-2011).

Areas of teaching and research supervision

Current Teaching: Postgraduate

• Key Issues in Peace and Conflict Studies

• Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding

• Reconciliation and Conflict Transformation

• Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding

• United Nations, Peace and Security

Past Teaching - Postgraduate

• Human Rights, Peace and Justice

• Peace and the Environment

• Peace of Mind: The Psychology of Peace

• Religion, War and Peace

Past Teaching – Undergraduate

• History and Politics of War and Peace

Supervision

Completed PhD

Supervisor:

2011

• David Penklis, Implications of the 1993 to 2008 Burundi Peace Process for United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

2012

• Cammi Webb-Gannon, Birds of a Feather: Conflict and Unity within West Papua’s Independence Movement

• Annie Herro, A United Nations Emergency Peace Service: An ambitious idea whose time has come?

2013

• James Tonny Dhizaala, The Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Contribution to Peace and Reconciliation

Associate Supervisor

2012

• Rachael Hart , United Nations Peacebuilding Policies: Contesting the Neoliberal Paradigm

• Thushara Dibley, Peacebuilding Partnerships: North/South NGO Relations in Aceh and Timor Leste

Current PhD

• Eyal Mayroz, From the Genocide Convention to Darfur: The Role of the United States in Efforts and Failures to Halt Genocide

• Vivianna Rodriguez-Carreon, The empowerment process: women’s agency through participation for decision making within the poverty, conflict and peacebuilding framework; case of rural Perú

• Annabel McGoldrick, The Evolving Case for Peace Journalism

• Narelle Fletcher, Translating the Unspeakable: An Analysis of the Terminology and Narrative Strategies of Rwandans to Speak of the 1994 Tutsi Genocide in Rwanda

• Lydia Gitau, Trauma, Intervention and Peacebuilding: A Case Study of South Sudanese Refugees in Kakuma Refugee Camp Kenya

Current DSocSci

• Zoe Bedford, Does aid to Burma conflict zones bring communities closer towards peace?

• Sean Johnson, How do we fully engage the capacity of our diverse communities in the quest for innovation in the University?

Completed Master of Arts (Research)

2007

• Silje Gerhardsen, Drawn Wells Have Sweetest Water: How Scarce Natural Resources May Internationalise Internal Wars: The Case of Sudan, Egypt, and the Nile

2010

• Andrea Ottina, Government Response to Political Activism: Conflict between the Public and the State, Genoa 2001

2011

• David Lacey, The Role of Humiliation in Collective Political Violence

Current Master of Arts (Research)

• Suzy Sotirias, The Impact of Converging Liberal Norm Cascades on Global Human Security: R2P and the ICC in Libya

• Peter Keegan, Spaces of Virtue: Indigenous Civil Society and Peacebuilding in Divided Societies

Associations

  • International Peace Research Association (2006-present : Co-Convenor of Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Commission)
  • International Studies Association (2003-2004: Executive Committee, Peace Studies Section)

Community Engagement and Practice

I have been a member of the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies for nearly 20 years, including serving at various times as Treasurer, Secretary and Vice President on the Council and also as Publications Officer and Seminars Coordinator. In 2013 I was appointed Deputy Director. Through CPACS, my engagement with the University and Sydney community has included organising public events and academic seminars; writing articles for the CPACS newsletter, PeaceWrites; and being an invited speaker at community events and for the media. A selected list follows, and further details can be found in the CPACS Annual Report available at http://sydney.edu.au/arts/peace_conflict/about/annual_reports.shtml, and PeaceWrites available at http://sydney.edu.au/arts/peace_conflict/publications/peacewrites.shtml.

-‘Restorative Justice and the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, PeaceWrites, 2013:1, May 2013, pp. 4-6.

-‘Healing’, Insight, SBS TV, 5 March 2013

-‘Trauma Healing and Reconciliation in Burundi’, PeaceWrites, 2012:2, October 2012, pp. 8-9.’

-‘Women Leading Peace’, invited contribution to expert panel representing Education, Tara Anglican Girls School, Sydney, 17 August 2012.

-‘Kony 2012’, Politics in the Pub, Sydney, 27 July 2012

-‘Remembering and Rebuilding After Genocide in Rwanda’, 18th Anniversary Genocide Commemoration, Australian Catholic University, Sydney, 26 May 2012

-‘Nonviolent Resistance and Conflict Resolution: Complementary Cousins?’, PeaceWrites, 2012:1, May 2012, p. 23.

-‘Kony 2012: Beyond the Hype’, public seminar, University of Sydney, 22 March 2012

-Visit of UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, Radio interview, ABC 24 News, 8 September 2011

-ECCC and Justice, SBS Radio interview, Khmer Language program, 22 August 2011

UN intervention in Cote d’Ivoire, TV interview, ABC 24 News, 5 April 2011

I am also involved in Australia and internationally as a consultant and trainer in conflict resolution, reconciliation and transitional justice policy and practice through various projects and organisations including Trauma Healing and Reconciliation Services (THARS), Burundi; Great Lakes Agency for Peace and Development International (GLAPD); Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP); NSW Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors (STARTTS); and a restorative justice program associated with the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse.

Selected Conference and Workshop Presentations

· ‘Breaking Cycles of Trauma and Violence: Psychosocial Approaches to Healing and Reconciliation in Burundi’, Engaging the Other: Breaking Intergenerational Cycles of Repetition, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa, 5-8 December 2012.

· ‘Trauma Healing, Reconciliation and Peacebuilding in Burundi’, International Peace Research Association Biennial International Conference, Tsu City, Mie Prefecture, Japan, 24-28 November 2012.

· ‘Transformative Justice, Reconciliation and Peacebuilding in Rwanda, 53rd International Studies Association Annual Convention, San Diego, California, 1-4 April 2012.

· ‘Remembering the Rwandan Genocide: Sites of Contention or Reconciliation?’, Historical Justice and Memory Conference, Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Melbourne, 14-17 February 2012.

· ‘Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding, A Peace and Conflict Studies Perspective’, invited presentation to International Symposium on ‘Transitional Justice: An Interdisciplinary Perspective’, Brussels, 5-6 December 2011.

· ‘The Locus of Transitional Justice in Africa: The International Criminal Court and Civil Society Participation’, African Studies Association Annual Conference, Washington, DC, 17-20 November 2011.

· ‘Resurrecting Reconciliation in the Discourse and Practice of Transitional Justice’, invited presentation, Roundtable, Swisspeace, Bern, Switzerland, 2 December 2011.

· ‘Assessing the Perceptions and Presentations of Historical Events: Memories in the Rwandan Disapora’, invited presentation, Institute for African Transitional Justice, Whose Memories Count and at What Cost?, Kitgum, Northern Uganda, 21-27 November 2011.

· ‘Justice for Whom? Transformative Justice and Indigenous Rights’, invited plenary speaker, international conference ‘Indigenous Rights and Transitional Justice’, Australian National University, 20 October 2011.

· ‘Locating Transitional Justice in Timor Leste: Politics, Participation and Peacebuilding’, invited workshop presentation, ‘Transitional Justice in Asia-Pacific’, Griffith University, 20-21 June 2011.

· ‘Transformative Justice and Peacebuilding: A Psychosocial Perspective’, invited presentation to WUN Transformative Justice Network international conference, University of Leeds, 12-14 May 2011.

· ‘Justice for Whom? Victim Participation in Transitional Justice’, invited presentation to Transitional Justice Workshop, University of Sydney, 25 February 2011.

· ‘Reconciliation, Transitional Justice and Transformative Peacebuilding’, invited keynote speaker, international symposium 'Towards New Peace Studies: Reconciliatory Governance & Sustainable Peace Building in Conflict and Post-Conflict Areas', Graduate School of International Relations, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan, 14-15 January 2011.

· 'Outreach and Local Ownership of Transitional Justice: A Transformative Approach', invited panelist at international symposium 'Transitional Justice in Post-Conflict Societies: What Works Best?', Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, 16 July 2010. (live webcast recording http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=events.event_summary&event_id=625193)

· ‘Outreach, Inreach and Local Ownership of Transitional Justice: A Transformative Approach’, invited inhouse seminar presentation, International Center for Transitional Justice, New York, 22 April 2010.

Selected grants

2014

  • Transformative Gender Justice: A Global Symposium; Shackel R, Lambourne W, Scanlon H, Boesten J, Fiske L, Angir C; DVC International/IPDF Grant.

2013

  • Making Transitional Justice Work for Women: Rights, Resilience and Responses to Violence Against Women in Northern Uganda, Kenya and Democratic Republic of Congo; Lambourne W, Shackel R, Fiske L; Australian Agency for International Development (AUSAID)/Australian Development Research Awards.

2012

  • Law and Society; Beem B, Crofts T, Hendrischke H, Howard-Wagner D, Humphrey M, Lambourne W, Lee M, Macdonald G, Martin G, O'Brien K, O'Malley P, Park S, Piper N, Scott Bray R, Van Krieken R, Winter B; Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences/FASS Collaborative Research Scheme.

2005

  • Multiple approaches to justice and reconciliation: Rwanda and the Gacaca Trials; Lambourne W; University of Sydney/Early Career Researcher.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Lambourne, W. (2014). Transformative Justice, Reconciliation and Peacebuilding. In Susanne Buckley-Zistel, Teresa Koloma Beck, Christian Braun, Friederike Mieth (Eds.), Transitional Justice Theories, (pp. 19-39). New York: Routledge.
  • Lambourne, W. (2012). Outreach, Inreach and Civil Society Participation in Transitional Justice. In Nicola Palmer, Phil Clark, Danielle Granville, et al (Eds.), Critical perspectives in transitional justice, (pp. 235-261). Cambridge, UK: Intersentia NV.
  • Lambourne, W. (2010). Transitional Justice after Mass Violence: Reconciling Retributive and Restorative Justice. In Helen Irving, Jacqueline Mowbray and Kevin Walton (Eds.), Julius Stone: A Study in Influence, (pp. 214-237). Sydney: The Federation Press.
  • Lambourne, W. (2010). Unfinished Business: The Commission for Reception, Truth, and Reconciliation in East Timor. In Lilian A. Barria and Steven D. Roper (Eds.), The Development of Institutions of Human Rights: A Comparative Study, (pp. 195-207). USA: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Lambourne, W. (2006). Justice in the Aftermath of Mass Crimes: International Law and Peacebuilding. In Ustinia Dolgopol & Judith Gardam (Eds.), The Challenge of Conflict: International Law Responds, (pp. 261-279). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.
  • Lambourne, W. (2001). Justice and reconciliation: postconflict peacebuilding in Cambodia and Rwanda. In Mohammed Abu-Nimer (Eds.), Reconciliation, Coexistence and Justice in Interethnic Conflict: Theory and Practice. United States: Lexington Books.

Journals

  • Lambourne, W. (2014). What are the Pillars of Transitional Justice? The United Nations, Civil Society and the Justice Cascade in Burundi. Macquarie Law Journal, 13, 41-60.
  • Lambourne, W. (2013). Justice After Genocide: Impunity and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 8(2), 28-43. [More Information]
  • Lambourne, W., Gitau, L. (2013). Psychosocial Interventions, Peacebuilding and Development in Rwanda. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 8(3), 23-36. [More Information]
  • Herro, A., Lambourne, W., Penklis, D. (2009). Peacekeeping and peace enforcement in Africa: The potential contribution of a UN Emergency Peace Service. African Security Review, 18(1), 49-62.
  • Lambourne, W. (2009). Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding After Mass Violence. International Journal of Transitional Justice, 3(1), 28-48.
  • Lambourne, W., Herro, A. (2008). Peacebuilding theory and the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission: implications for non-UN interventions. Global Change, Peace and Security, 20(3), 275-289. [More Information]
  • Lambourne, W. (2008). Towards Sustainable Peace and Development in Sierra Leone: Civil Society and the Peacebuilding Commission. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 4(2), 47-59.
  • Lambourne, W. (2007). Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding. Australia and the United Nations: A Report Card, Annual report 2007, 27-32.
  • Lambourne, W. (2004). Post-Conflict Peacebuilding; Meeting Human Needs For Justice And Reconciliation. Peace, Conflict and Development, 4, ONLINE-ONLINE.

Conferences

  • Lambourne, W. (2008). The Khmer Rouge Tribunal: Justice for Genocide in Cambodia? 25th Annual Conference of the Law and Society Association Australia and New Zealand (LSAANZ 2008), Sydney: University of Sydney Library.
  • Lambourne, W. (2001). Responding to genocide in Rwanda and East Timor: prevention and prosecution. 2001 Rethinking Humanitarianism Conference, St. Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland.

Reference Works

  • Lambourne, W. (2013). Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation / Comissão de Acolhimento, Verdade e Reconciliação de Timor Leste (East Timor). Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice. Cambridge Press.

2014

  • Lambourne, W. (2014). Transformative Justice, Reconciliation and Peacebuilding. In Susanne Buckley-Zistel, Teresa Koloma Beck, Christian Braun, Friederike Mieth (Eds.), Transitional Justice Theories, (pp. 19-39). New York: Routledge.
  • Lambourne, W. (2014). What are the Pillars of Transitional Justice? The United Nations, Civil Society and the Justice Cascade in Burundi. Macquarie Law Journal, 13, 41-60.

2013

  • Lambourne, W. (2013). Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation / Comissão de Acolhimento, Verdade e Reconciliação de Timor Leste (East Timor). Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice. Cambridge Press.
  • Lambourne, W. (2013). Justice After Genocide: Impunity and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 8(2), 28-43. [More Information]
  • Lambourne, W., Gitau, L. (2013). Psychosocial Interventions, Peacebuilding and Development in Rwanda. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 8(3), 23-36. [More Information]

2012

  • Lambourne, W. (2012). Outreach, Inreach and Civil Society Participation in Transitional Justice. In Nicola Palmer, Phil Clark, Danielle Granville, et al (Eds.), Critical perspectives in transitional justice, (pp. 235-261). Cambridge, UK: Intersentia NV.

2010

  • Lambourne, W. (2010). Transitional Justice after Mass Violence: Reconciling Retributive and Restorative Justice. In Helen Irving, Jacqueline Mowbray and Kevin Walton (Eds.), Julius Stone: A Study in Influence, (pp. 214-237). Sydney: The Federation Press.
  • Lambourne, W. (2010). Unfinished Business: The Commission for Reception, Truth, and Reconciliation in East Timor. In Lilian A. Barria and Steven D. Roper (Eds.), The Development of Institutions of Human Rights: A Comparative Study, (pp. 195-207). USA: Palgrave Macmillan.

2009

  • Herro, A., Lambourne, W., Penklis, D. (2009). Peacekeeping and peace enforcement in Africa: The potential contribution of a UN Emergency Peace Service. African Security Review, 18(1), 49-62.
  • Lambourne, W. (2009). Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding After Mass Violence. International Journal of Transitional Justice, 3(1), 28-48.

2008

  • Lambourne, W., Herro, A. (2008). Peacebuilding theory and the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission: implications for non-UN interventions. Global Change, Peace and Security, 20(3), 275-289. [More Information]
  • Lambourne, W. (2008). The Khmer Rouge Tribunal: Justice for Genocide in Cambodia? 25th Annual Conference of the Law and Society Association Australia and New Zealand (LSAANZ 2008), Sydney: University of Sydney Library.
  • Lambourne, W. (2008). Towards Sustainable Peace and Development in Sierra Leone: Civil Society and the Peacebuilding Commission. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 4(2), 47-59.

2007

  • Lambourne, W. (2007). Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding. Australia and the United Nations: A Report Card, Annual report 2007, 27-32.

2006

  • Lambourne, W. (2006). Justice in the Aftermath of Mass Crimes: International Law and Peacebuilding. In Ustinia Dolgopol & Judith Gardam (Eds.), The Challenge of Conflict: International Law Responds, (pp. 261-279). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.

2004

  • Lambourne, W. (2004). Post-Conflict Peacebuilding; Meeting Human Needs For Justice And Reconciliation. Peace, Conflict and Development, 4, ONLINE-ONLINE.

2001

  • Lambourne, W. (2001). Justice and reconciliation: postconflict peacebuilding in Cambodia and Rwanda. In Mohammed Abu-Nimer (Eds.), Reconciliation, Coexistence and Justice in Interethnic Conflict: Theory and Practice. United States: Lexington Books.
  • Lambourne, W. (2001). Responding to genocide in Rwanda and East Timor: prevention and prosecution. 2001 Rethinking Humanitarianism Conference, St. Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland.

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