Date: 21st Feb 2012
Speaker: Associate Professor Caspar Chorus, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Topic: What about behaviour in travel demand modelling? An overview of recent progress.
Abstract: This talk provides a discussion of recent attempts in made in the travel demand modeling community towards increasing the behavioral realism of (travel and activity) choice-models. First, an overview is provided of desired model properties in light of the demands policy-makers and practitioners place on these models. Subsequently, the merits are discussed of four modeling approaches that have recently emerged in the field of travel demand modeling, and are either inspired by or adopted from recent advances in the broader behavioral sciences: i) latent variable models, ii) random regret minimization-models, iii) prospect theory-based models and iv) social network/group decision-making models. To conclude, the potential as well as the pitfalls associated with these models, and with learning from the broader behavioral sciences in general, are explicitly discussed in light of the specific needs of travel demand modelers in academia and practice.
Bio: Caspar Chorus is Associate Professor at Delft University of Technology (Section of Transport and Logistics). Previously, he was an assistant professor at Eindhoven University of Technology. He has been visiting scientist at Cornell University, visiting scholar at EPFL Lausanne and the Technion, and Fulbright-doctoral student at MIT. His research is concerned with increasing the behavioral realism of discrete choice and travel demand models while maintaining reasonable levels of formal tractability. The Random Regret Minimization-approach to discrete choice modeling that he developed has been succesfully applied by various research groups around the world, and is being incorporated in the newest version of the NLOGIT-software package. Caspar's 2007 dissertation 'Traveler response to information' has been awarded the BIVEC prize for best dissertation in transport economics defended in The Netherlands and Belgium, as well as IATBR's Eric Pas Prize for best dissertation in travel behavior research. Caspar is a member of the Traveler Behavior and Values-committee and the Travel Survey Methods-committee of the Transportation Research Board. He is Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, which is the first open-access e-journal in transportation to have been awarded an impact factor.
Date: 14th Mar 2012
Speaker: Professor Brian Collins, Chair of Engineering Policy, Faculty of Engineering Science, University College London, UK
Topic: Intelligent mobility: A national need and opportunity
Abstract: Intelligent transport systems have been long in gestation, but are now coming of age in response to the maturing of the technologies needed, systems concepts that address congestion, low carbon and pollution, data structures that allow applications and services to be developed at low cost and quickly and user demand for better end to end journey experiences. The seminar will review the subject from a range of viewpoints, give examples of specific current developments and a roadmap for future developments. I will conclude with issues for discussion, particularly addressing policy development, investment opportunities and design and testing of solutions.
Bio: Professor Brian Collins took up the position of Professor of Engineering Policy at UCL in August 2011. Prior to that he was the Department for Transport's Chief Scientific Adviser from October 2006 and Chief Scientific Adviser for the Department for Business Innovation and Skills from May 2008. Energy policy was in his remit for part of that time. He left both positions at the end of May 2011. He is also currently chairing an Engineering and Interdependency Expert Group for Infrastructure UK, led by Lord James Sassoon, Commercial Secretary in Her Majesty's Treasury. He was bestowed by Her Majesty the Queen the Honour of Companion of the Bath (CB) in the 2011 New Years Honours list. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2009.
Date: 28th Mar 2012
Speaker: Greg Martin, Chair, National Transport Commission
Topic: Mobility - a must but how much is enough?
Abstract: From the public policy perspective, mobility is an 'essential' enabler of economic and social activity fundamental to achieving goals of productivity, prosperity and liveability. By asking, what are the specific outcomes being served, we overcome the tendency to be captured by current transport relevant institutional, planning, governance and service arrangements.Transport is a much differentiated service space resistant to shared goals, collaborative through chain thinking and mutually supportive operations. The challenge for public policy is to anticipate and assess societal needs, gain community acceptance of declared goals and provide supportive influence for industry and business to produce the desired outcomes. This presentation will canvas these challenges in transport and discuss the need for responsible public strategies and new thinking to address emerging problems affecting mobility for people and freight.
Bio: Greg Martin is the Chair of the National Transport Commission, Deputy Chair of the Taxi Industry Board in Western Australia, a member of the Western Australian Freight and Logistics Council and Director/Principal of Greg Martin Transport Strategies Pty Ltd. Until June 2011, he was Professor of Planning and Transport Studies at Curtin University and Executive Director of the Planning and Transport Research Centre (PATREC), a unique 'collaborative knowledge network' of the four Western Australian public universities. His previous roles included Director General of the Department for Planning and Infrastructure, Commissioner of Main Roads and Executive Director Metropolitan in the Department of Transport in Western Australia. His earlier career developed in Commonwealth Government agencies through engineering specialist, project management and corporate executive roles. Greg was awarded the Public Service Medal of the Order of Australia in the Australia Day 2008 Honours List for his outstanding service in the areas of planning and road infrastructure and the 2010 Transport Medal by the National Committee on Transport Engineering of Engineers Australia for his outstanding individual contribution to transport in Australia. He is the Engineers Australia Eminent National Speaker on Transport in 2012.
Date: 24th Apr 2012
Speaker: Professor Laurent Denant-Boemont, University of Rennes, France
Topic: Traffic congestion and paradoxes of capacity: Recent lessons from laboratory experiments
Abstract: In the last ten years Experimental Economics (EE) has become a widely used empirical technique in order to improve behavioral assumptions that lie in theoretical models. An important issue regarding EE and Behavioral Economics, is now policy design and public decision-making aid. In the transport research agenda, EE also emerged recently as an empirical method for better understanding traveller's behavior or congestion processes. In particular, traffic congestion remains a key economic problem for many countries around the world, congestion cost estimates currently varying between 0.5% and 2% of the GDP, and growing continuously. As a policy response, 'quantitative' answers (i.e., increasing transport capacity) have often been chosen, being generally inefficient, at least at the long term level. This presentation will give some insights on what lab experiments have brought regarding this issue. More precisely, capacity paradoxes (Braess, Pigou-Knight-Downs and Downs-Thomson Paradoxes) are quite well-known in the transport economics area, underlining that exogenous additional capacity should split users towards a new traffic equilibrium that could finally result in higher travel times. Mostly, such phenomenons have been essentially viewed as 'intellectual curiosities', seldom observed in the reality. Indeed, in the recent years, laboratory experiments have highlighted that such phenomenons could occur in a rather systematic way. Such empirical evidence is therefore potentially useful for transport and urban policy design.
Bio: Laurent Denant-Boemont PhD was about Benefit Cost Analysis applied to Major Transport Investments in Urban Areas. In particular, the aim was to have a real-option modelling approach for dynamic investment decisions that could be taken in a risky environment. After that, Laurent began to implement laboratory experiments related to the information value for user's mode choice. This methodology had been applied to various fields, not specifically about transport: Risk aversion for team decision making, punishment and framing effects in public good, intertemporal choices, etc. More recently, he implements laboratory experiments in order to better understand behavioural dimensions of congestion process by using coordination game theory. Laurent's stay in ITLS will consist of implement collaborations with ITLS researchers in order to understand better how transport costs matter in location choices for households and firms within urban areas. This question might be investigated through theoretical and empirical tools, in particular Laboratory Experiments, his specialty, and Choice Experiments, one of the specialties of ITLS.
Date: 8th May 2012
Speaker: Associate Professor Sean Doherty, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Topic: Turning smartphones into a medical devices: Opportunities for passive activity/physiology monitoring, experience sampling, and interactive messaging
Abstract: Rapid development of smartphones is allowing unprecedented new opportunities to passively monitor and interact with human subjects during everyday life. Embedded sensors in smartphones include Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and 3-axis accelerometers that can provide accurate traces of human activities. Experience Sampling Methods (ESM) involve repeated self-reports of a wide variety of experiences as they occur in-situ when thoughts and feelings are fresh. This presentation explores how these techniques can be combined and deployed on smartphones to comprehensively explore the health and well-being impacts of everyday urban life and visits to natural areas. Several case studies will be presented that illustrate the nature, quantity and quality of data obtained, explore usability issues, and critically assess the opportunities and challenges faced. This includes results from studies of diabetic patients, disabled children, and park visitors. Beyond observational studies, this presentation will end with a discussion on how smartphones could be used to interactively encourage behavioural change via context-sensitive messaging systems, such as smoking cessation or the promotion of physical activity.
Bio: Dr Sean Doherty is an Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies at Wilfrid Laurier University in Canada. His background includes a PhD degree in Civil Engineering and post-doctoral studies in Urban Planning. His research focuses on human activity/mobility patterns and decision making in urban areas, including tracking methods, modeling, and the impacts on health, safety, and the environment. His current projects involve application of smartphone-based tracking systems to the study of diabetic patients, elderly home-care patients, disabled children, tourists, park visitors, and immigrants. His most recent publications document how everyday activities, travel, and location affect diabetic patients' blood glucose fluctuation throughout the day, with implications for improved self-management. In support of this research, Dr Doherty has received research grants from all three major research councils in Canada (social science, engineering, and health). His partners in these projects also include Bloorview Kids Rehab, Toronto Rehab Institute, and Innovations at the University of Toronto.
Date: 22nd May 2012
Speaker: Peter Koning, Technical Director, AECOM
Topic: Railway reform - Lessons from history
Abstract: The state of New South Wales is now embarking on a series of radical reforms to public transport provision. Passenger rail services are at the heart of the debate. How can services be provided at a lower cost to the taxpayer and what steps need to be taken to improve service quality? The United Kingdom started to reform its rail industry during the early 1990s and the process is still continuing. Privatisation of former State owned assets was the centre piece of the emerging policies. Many believe that the UK railway reforms were fundamentally flawed and the privatisation process was ill conceived. The collapse of Railtrack (one of the largest corporate failures in UK history) and a series of serious accidents in 2001 gave weight to the assertion that the private sector could not be trusted to deliver public transport services. Today. this perception continues to influence policy makers in many countries. The presentation will argue that railway reforms undertaken in the UK, far from being a failure, laid the foundations for one of the largest expansions in rail usage recently seen within an advanced economy. The presentation will note that privatisation was a term applied to a whole series of ongoing rail market reforms which were taking place since 1980 and as such was only a small part of a much wider policy initiative. As NSW embarks on a series of changes to the provision of passenger rail services, it will be argued that much can be learnt from the experience in the UK. By understanding what the real drivers for rail reform were, policy makers in Australia today have the opportunity to benefit from this experience.
Bio: Peter Koning BA MSc FCILTA is a Technical Director with AECOM, one of the world's largest multidisciplinary consultancies. Peter is a rail specialist focusing on strategic planning, system regulation and business operations. He is based in Sydney, Australia. Peter joined AECOM in 2007 from the UK's rail infrastructure manager, Network Rail where he held a number of senior appointments. He has over 30 years experience within the global rail industry. Since joining AECOM, he worked throughout Europe and Australia on a wide range of rail related transportation projects. His experience includes direct involvement in some of Europe's most significant rail projects including the application of the rail interoperability directives, the construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, and the development of the London Crossrail system. Peter has over five years experience working with European rail administrations and European Union institutions. During the time he spent in Brussels he founded the European Infrastructure Managers representative group, achieved significant levels on European funding for national rail projects and influenced policy formulation. He was closely involved the liberalisation of the European rail freight market and the creation of the European freight freeway network. With ten years front line rail operations management with British Rail, Peter was a key player in the privatisation and structural reform of the UK rail industry in 1996. He led the development of the first generation of rail access and performance management agreements between the Railtrack and the newly privatised train operators.
Date: 19th Jun 2012
Speaker: Gaurav Patni, Technology Integration Leader, David Jones Ltd
Topic: Supply chain digitization for 'Omni-Channel' retailing
Abstract: 'Omni-Channel' Retailing has rendered the traditional supply chain model obsolete. In order to provide a seamless shopping experience across various sales channels, retail and consumer goods firms must develop digitized supply networks that leverage digital collaboration and connectivity tools to streamline information flow and improve enterprise agility. This presentation will focus on:
- supply chain implications of omni-channel retailing
- leveraging digital technologies to move from the traditional supply chain model to a supply network model
- integrating key business functions to streamline information flow and improve enterprise agility
- illustrating the synergistic value of an integrated supply network; case studies of leading Retail and Consumer Goods firms from around the world
Bio: Gaurav Patni is the Technology Integration Leader at David Jones Ltd, responsible for helping build a strategic view of the firm's business systems portfolio and integrating new technologies that can serve as key enablers of innovation and competitive advantage. Gaurav has over 14 years' executive level experience developing winning strategies and technology focused change programs for some of the best and biggest Retail and Consumer Goods firms around the globe - Walmart, Nordstrom, Best Buy, JCPenney, Ross Stores, Procter & Gamble, Cargill, Loblaws, GPA (Grupo Pao de Acucar, Brazil) and David Jones to name a few. Gaurav holds a master's degree in business administration and a bachelor's degree in electronics engineering. http://au.linkedin.com/in/gauravpatni
Date: 29th Jun 2012
Speaker: Professor Juan de Dios Ortuzar, Department of Transport Engineering and Logistics, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Topic: Road pricing: An impeccable public policy - how can we sell it?
Abstract: In this seminar we will present the basis for implementing road pricing in congested cities, review briefly the main objections that have been raised against this theoretically impeccable policy (and show that they are mainly unjustified) and concentrate on some of the main results of a study conducted in Santiago to understand which actions could be taken to maximise the possibility of achieving public support for its implementation. The study used data from a stated choice exercise including the following attributes: (i) charging period (AM Peak, AM and PM peaks and all day); (ii) size of the priced area (three rings around the historical centre of increasing size); (iii) amount charged to cars entering the priced area (three levels); (iv) amount of time that would be saved if the policy was implemented (three levels); and (v) use of the funds collected with the scheme (reduce gasoline tax, invest in public transport and cycle ways, invest in parks and amenities). Models of increasing flexibility and complexity were estimated with the data, incorporating interaction with socioeconomic attributes of the individuals, such as age, income level, origin and destination and work trips and attitudes towards the pricing scheme.
Bio: Professor Juan de Dios Ortuzar (Civil Eng., M.Sc., Ph.D.) works at the Department of Transport Engineering and Logistics, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile (PUC). He has pioneered the development of discrete choice modelling techniques and, more recently, their application to determine willingness-to-pay for reducing externalities (accidents, noise and atmospheric pollution). In 2010 he received the first PUC Engineering Prize for his outstanding academic trajectory, and also the prestigious Humboldt Research Award in Germany. He has published over 100 papers in archival journals, co-authored Modelling Transport (Wiley, 2011) a book with over 12,000 copies sold in its four editions, and also co-authored Micro-GUTS, a simulation game to train transport planners, used by more than 50 academic institutions worldwide. He is Co-Chairman of the International Association for Travel Behaviour Research (IATBR) and Co-Editor in Chief of Transportation Research A; he also serves in the Editorial Board of several other important journals in the field. Finally, he has managed large urban transport projects in Latin America and Europe, in particular, the design and implementation work for the largest metropolitan O-D surveys in Chile (Santiago 1991, 33,000 households; Santiago 2001-2007, 30,000 households) and, more recently, the Bogota 2011 O-D survey involving over 15,000 households.
Date: 3rd Jul 2012
Speaker: Professor John Preston, Transportation Research Group, Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, UK
Topic: Evaluating the long term impacts of transport policy: A comparative assessment of bus deregulation and rail privatisation
Abstract: Great Britain has been a natural experiment testing bed for a number of transport policy changes of which arguably the most important are bus deregulation and rail privatisation. Local buses in Britain, outside London, were 'deregulated' as a result of the 1985 Transport Act, with most of the organisational changes implemented in 1986 but many of the ownership changes occurring over a longer period. Britain's national rail system was 'privatised' as a result of the 1993 Railways Act, with most of the organisational and ownership changes implemented by 1997. The long term evaluation of major policy change is clearly important in determining future policy but is also notoriously difficult to undertake. A key issue when examining long term changes is that of the counterfactual - what would have happened if the changes had not occurred? To answer this question econometric models of the bus and rail markets have been developed and used in conjunction with extrapolative methods for key variables such as fares, service levels, costs and subsidy. This then permits the examination of welfare change by estimating changes in consumer and producer surpluses, updating earlier studies.
For the bus market, it is found that outside London, bus demand declined strongly, at least up to the year 2000 and much of this reduction (as much as 36% in the long run) can be ascribed to deregulation. By contrast in London, demand has generally been increasing. However, in both areas operating costs also declined strongly, again up to 2000, but since then there have been strong increases in costs and subsidy. It is found that there are net welfare increases both outside and inside London, but with welfare increases per capita being five times greater in London than elsewhere. However, sensitivity analysis shows that these results are sensitive to the specification of the modelling system and assumptions made concerning the counterfactual, particularly for the results for London. For rail, although demand has grown strongly since privatisation our analysis indicates that transitional disruptions suppressed demand by around 9% over a prolonged period), whilst the Hatfield accident reduced demand by about 5%, albeit over a shorter period (2000/1 to 2006/7). A welfare analysis suggests that although consumers seem to have gained as a result of privatisation, for most years this has been offset by increases in costs. An exception is provided by the two years immediately before the Hatfield accident. The loss in welfare since the reforms were introduced far exceeds the net receipts from the sale of rail businesses. Overall, it is concluded that the long term impact of these policy reforms have been mixed but that supply side changes seem to have been more important than demand side changes and that bus deregulation was more successful than rail privatisation in terms of supply side changes.
Bio: John Preston is Head of the Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Academic Unit and Professor of Rail Transport at the University of Southampton, having previously been Director of the Transportation Research Group. He has almost 30 years of experience in transport research and education. He has taught transport options on Economics, Engineering, Geography, Management and Planning courses. His research in transport covers demand and cost modelling, regulatory studies, and land-use and environment interactions. His initial work concentrated on rail but subsequent work has covered all the major modes of transport. He has held over 120 research grants and contracts, and has published over 200 articles, book chapters, conference and working papers. He is Chair of the Universities' Transport Study Group, Co-Chair of the World Conference on Transport Research Society's Rail Special Interest Group and a Committee Member of the International Association of Rail Operations Research and International Conference on Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport.
Date: 10th Jul 2012
Speaker: Dr Simon Blainey, Research Fellow in Rail Systems, Transportation Research Group, Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton
Topic: Tracks to the future: Planning railway networks for the 21st century
Abstract: The provision of sustainable and effective public transport is one of the major challenges of 21st century transport planning. The capability of railways to move large numbers of people at high speeds and to make use of virtually any energy source is backed up by a high degree of popularity amongst travellers. This has led to high levels of growth in rail use in many countries, and to a range of proposals for new railway lines and stations. Railways can form the backbone of a public transport network which is capable of meeting the needs of 21st century society if they are carefully planned and integrated with other modes, but in order for policy-makers to ensure that this happens they require reliable, comprehensive and integrated planning and appraisal tools for both new railway systems and enhancements to existing systems. Because rail infrastructure is relatively expensive to construct and has a long lifespan, it is very important that investment in rail enhancements is targeted where it will have the greatest positive impact. This seminar will discuss a range of issues which arose during the development of an integrated modelling and appraisal framework for new rail stations and services by the University of Southampton's Transportation Research Group, making extensive use of Geographical Information Systems and of spatial modelling techniques such as Geographically Weighted Regression.
Bio: Simon is a Research Fellow in the Transportation Research Group at the University of Southampton, UK. He has carried out research on a range of issues related to local railway networks for academic, industry and government bodies, focusing in particular on the use of innovative techniques such as GIS and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) to explain and forecast the use of such networks. He is currently working with the UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium, on long-term modelling of the transport infrastructure demand-capacity balance, on the Track 21 project, investigating whole-life economic and environmental cost modelling for railway track systems, and on using GWR to spatially segment the UK passenger rail market. During his PhD and subsequent research, he developed an integrated GIS-based appraisal framework for new local railway stations and services, and won the 2009 Smeed prize for the best student paper at the Universities' Transport Study Group (UTSG) annual conference. More generally, Simon is interested in the issues associated with the development of a sustainable transport system and in the history of public transport, and is project manager for a major book on the history of British passenger road transport. He is also Honorary Secretary of the UTSG and of the World Conference on Transport Research Society's Rail Special Interest Group.
Date: 28th Aug 2012
Speaker: Professor Stephen Ison, Director, Centre for Innovative and Collaborative Construction Engineering, Loughborough University, UK
Topic: Road pricing and workplace parking charges: the issue of implementation
Abstract: There are a range of market-based instruments for dealing with congestion in urban areas, including road pricing schemes and parking charges at the workplace. Road pricing has long been advocated as a means of dealing with congestion in urban areas and numerous schemes have been proposed but have advanced little beyond the drawing board. Parking charges at the work place, on the other hand, have become more prevalent in recent years, at least in the UK. The aim of this presentation is to briefly outline the relative merits of the market based approach and the issues raised in terms of implementation. The role of a policy champion, public support given the severity of congestion, a single implementing agency, understanding of the scheme objectives, timing, clear presentation, and the like, are all important factors. The presentation will explore these issues in terms of a scheme being implemented or not. The conclusion is that it is not possible to attribute the successful implementation of congestion or a workplace parking charge to one issue alone. A number of important lessons will be drawn.
Bio: Dr Stephen Ison is Professor of Transport Policy and Director of the Centre for Innovative and Collaborative Construction Engineering (CICE) in the School of Civil and Building Engineering at Loughborough University. An economist by training, he has extensive experience of research in traffic demand management, surface access to airports, transport policy and sustainable transport. He has published some 85 referred journal papers and over 90 refereed conference papers. The book edited by Ison and Rye entitled 'The Implementation and Effectiveness of Transport Demand Management Measures: An International Perspective', was published in 2008. He is co-editor of the Journal of Research in Transportation Business and Management (Elsevier), Associate Editor of Transportation Planning and Technology (Taylor and Francis), Co-editor of the book series Transport and Sustainability (Emerald) and a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Transport Policy. He is a member of the Scientific Committee of the World Conference on Transport Research Society and Chair of the WCTRS Special Interest Group (SIG10) on Urban Transport Policy. He is a member of the Ground Access and Transportation and Sustainability Committees of the Transportation Research Board (TRB), Washington DC.
Date: 11th Sep 2012
Speaker: Michael Stokoe, Associate Director, Freight and Logistics, AECOM
Topic: Is your supply chain actively aligned to how consumers are now behaving?
Abstract: For decades the retail and logistics industries have worked towards on shelf availability to provide instant gratification to consumers. They have followed this approach on the premise that this was the key to satisfy customer needs. Supply chains were designed to be faster, more responsive, more complex, more consistent and optimal in order to satisfy this customer centric approach, but ultimately we can now consider them as sub-optimal and uncompetitive under new paradigms in retail.
This presentation explores some of the global influencing factors posing significant challenges for retail and contemplates what the future might hold. Consumer purchasing behaviour can be classified as being based on either a requirement for Instant Gratification, or on Informed Decision. This paper proposes that supply chains need to be redesigned to align to this consumer behavioural economics to be efficient.
The consumer is making decisions based on trading financial savings against an acceptable delivery lead time. It is estimated that over 50% of ever increasing online spend in Australia is now sourced from overseas. Where does this disruption leave domestic retailers and their structured supply chains?
For survival, domestic retailers must consider their value proposition and resultant supply chains.
Bio: Michael is an Associate Director with AECOM with18 years' experience in Supply Chain Management and IT in Europe, Middle-East, Asia and Australia. Prior to commencing with AECOM, Michael has worked in Logistics for Australia Post working with a range of domestic and international customers to develop B2C supply chains approaches as well as re-engineering supply chain capability for bricks and mortar retailers. Michael has had extensive international logistics experience in developing and implementing innovative and diverse supply chain requirements. He has also been involved in driving continuous improvement in supply chain operations, IT adoption and innovation and transformation.
Date: 16th Oct 2012
Speaker: Professor Peter Kleine-Moellhoff, ITLS Visiting Professor; Reutlingen University, Germany
Topic: Implications of sustainability requirements on logistics operations - Assessment approaches and strategic points of action
Abstract: This seminar presents a European perspective of the implications of contemporary sustainability requirements for the logistics sector. Sustainability as a requirement for capital markets is one of the future possible megatrends relevant for logistics and supply chains. However, there are further trends which have an impact on the environmental, economical and social qualities of logistics operations. On the one hand, logistics operations globally represent a significant economic factor and influence strongly the economic development of regions and industrial sectors. On the other hand these operations consume space, energy and fuels and represent multiple emission burdens. Carbon emissions are the most discussed at this moment while, noise, particulate matter and NOx are other pollutants from logistics operations coming under increasing scrutiny.
This presentation highlights several possible trends and their implications on sustainability requirements for logistics operations. Assessment approaches for the economical and environmental quality are well developed and partially standardized for production operations and can be applied to logistics operations. Corporate social responsibility questions are discussed and assessed given their increasing relevance in logistics and supply chain operations. Assessment standards for the social quality of operations however are not yet set. Areas of operations for more environmental friendly logistics are presented as well.
Bio: Twenty-seven years of experience in different areas of environmental protection for companies in the manufacturing and production sector provides Peter with profound and practical experience in many areas of business. Peter designed and installed environmental protection devices in the electric power industry, waste incineration and metals smelting industry, which resulted in strongly reduced environmental impacts while improving economic performance through increased efficiency of the operations. Peter led applications technology at Degussa and W.L. Gore & Associates resulting in several new product innovations for power stations and the secondary metals refining industry. Today he teaches the young generation at Reutlingen University in the field of corporate sustainability and consults with organizations seeking an efficient use of energy and material resources, while reducing environmental impacts. At ITLS he is teaching a special topic in green logistics.
Date: 30th Oct 2012
Speaker: Professor Roger Mackett, University College London
Topic: Concessionary bus travel: liberation for older people or burden for the taxpayer?
Abstract: The purpose of this seminar is to examine the impact of the concessionary bus pass scheme for older and disabled people in Britain. The scheme currently offers free off-peak local bus travel across the country to those aged 61 and over and those with disabilities. It costs the taxpayer over GBP 1 billion ($AUS 1.58 billion) a year. There have been calls for the scheme to be abolished or reduced in scope in order to save public expenditure. However, the scheme is very popular with those who hold Concessionary Travel Passes (CTPs) and more generally. After describing the scheme and the level of take-up, the effects on the travel behaviour of older and disabled people will be discussed in terms of changes in trip patterns, trip purposes and modal usage. Then the evidence on the benefits that CTPs offer their holders in terms of quality of life, health, social inclusion, ceasing to drive and access to local services will be examined followed by consideration of the wider benefits to society. Whilst it is not possible to put a monetary value on all the benefits, it is clear that they are large and need to be considered in any discussion about abolishing or amending the scheme.
Bio: Roger Mackett has extensive experience in transport policy analysis. He is interested in ways in which transport can be used to increase physical activity and so contribute to improving health. He is examining the barriers to reducing car use and increasing walking and cycling, including the complexity of modern family life and the conventional approach to transport forecasting.
He has researched into the influence of car use on children's physical activity and their potential long-term car dependency using multiple research instruments of accelerometers, GPS monitors and diaries to show the contribution of various activities to children's volume of physical activity and is currently involved in a study involving over twelve countries to see how attitudes to children's independence vary around the world.
He is developing a methodology to help make transport policies more socially inclusive including consulting with elderly and disabled people, and with young people from various backgrounds, using a range of techniques, to establish the barriers that prevent them from reaching the opportunities that they require to have a good quality of life. He is currently examining the benefits of concessionary bus travel for older and disabled people in Britain as part of an evaluation of the rationale of the scheme.
Date: 6th Nov 2012
Speaker: Carolyn McNally, Deputy Director General, Planning and Programs, Transport for NSW
Topic: NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan
Abstract: In this seminar Carolyn McNally will provide an overview of the draft NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan and explain how the Plan will help set out the way ahead for transport planning for the next 20 years, providing a framework for transport policy and investment decisions that respond to key challenges to make NSW number one again. The draft Master Plan takes a completely integrated approach to transport planning, bringing together all modes of transport, roads and freight to develop a seamless transport plan. Key to the draft Long Term Transport Master Plan is the critical link to land-use planning, with other Government departments playing a vital role in informing the development of this plan. The draft NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan identifies over 200 solutions and actions that integrate, modernise, grow, and manage the transport system in the short term (0-5 years), medium term (5-10 years) and longer term (10-20 years). The actions in the draft Master Plan aim to get the balance right between efforts that expand the capacity of the transport network, and those that improve the way it operates, through policy, regulatory and pricing reforms. Actions and future challenges identified in the draft Master Plan are based on a sound body of evidence stemming from months of detailed research, as well as being informed by public consultation and advice from transport experts. The draft Master Plan was released on 4 September for public comment. The final Master Plan will be released later this year.
Bio: Carolyn oversees planning across all transport modes. Her team is responsible for identifying transport needs, producing integrated transport plans including the NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan, developing infrastructure and service solutions and managing Transport for NSW's overall investment budget. Carolyn has worked extensively at a senior level in Government mainly at the Commonwealth Government level and now the State Government. Most recently she was General Manager for the Commonwealth's Human Services portfolio. Prior to this Carolyn was the Executive Director in the Infrastructure Investment Division of the Commonwealth Department of Infrastructure and Transport, overseeing $36 billion in road and rail funding and managing major infrastructure policy.
Date: 20th Nov 2012
Speaker: Professor Martin Lee-Gosselin,
Topic: Do people have a 'budget' for the amount of mental effort they invest in organising their travel? Some preliminary evidence with implications for smart and sustainable transport
Abstract: An intriguing hypothesis first emerged in 2006 from analyses of three waves of the very in-depth data collected from 167 households in the Quebec City Travel and Activity Panel Survey, 2002-2006. The hypothesis is that the amount of cognitive effort people are willing to invest in spatio-temporal planning is self-limiting, and rather invulnerable to many of the activity, travel and personal characteristics that are classically found to influence travel demand. In other words, individuals may have a sort of "cognitive effort budget" that affects the amount of their participation in activities and related travel that require significant planning, negotiation, scheduling and organisation. The policy implications of this "budget" phenomenon are particularly relevant to the design of programmes that seek to incite changes in activity and travel behaviour (e.g., in the name of sustainability), and there are interesting implications as well for data collection and transport planning.
Bio: Martin Lee-Gosselin is Professor Emeritus in the Graduate School of Planning at Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada. Since 2006, he is also Visiting Professor in the Centre for Transport Studies, Imperial College London, and was Chercheur CNRS invite at the Universite de Strasbourg. From 1970 until joining Laval in 1990, he held posts in university research, state government and the private sector in the Canada, USA, and the UK, including seven as Research Director for the Office of the Secretary of State of Michigan. Martin specialises in survey, analysis and evaluation methods to investigate activity/travel behaviour, both as it exists now, and in response to future changes in policy, or the availability of alternative energy, vehicle and telecommunications technologies. From 2000-2006, he was the principal investigator of PROCESSUS, a major international network research programme on the behavioural foundations of integrated land-use, transport and environment models.
Date: 27th Nov 2012
Speaker: Rachel Johnson, Deputy Director General, Freight and Regional Development Division, Transport for NSW
Topic: The future for freight in NSW?
Abstract: The purpose of this seminar is to examine the challenges for the movement of freight in NSW and the way ahead for delivering an efficient and effective freight network that will support the projected growth of the NSW economy. Freight and logistics are an indispensable component of economic activity in this State in 2011 the gross value added for this industry was %58 billion, or 13.8%, of the NSW Gross State Product. By 2031, the freight task in NSW is projected to nearly double to 794 million tonnes. This projected growth in freight volumes requires an integrated approach from industry and government to support the delivery of a freight network that minimise congestion and inefficiencies across road, rail, air and sea modes. The soon to be release draft NSW Freight and Ports Strategy has been developed to address efficiency, capacity and sustainability within the NSW freight network whilst also balancing freight needs with those of the broader community and environment.
Bio: Rachel Johnson is the Deputy Director General of the Freight and Regional Development Division within Transport for NSW, the state's integrated transport planning and policy authority. Rachel has wide ranging experience of Australian freight and logistics businesses and the development and operation of transport infrastructure. Her previous roles include:
- General Manager of the Westlink M7 Motorway, overseeing strategic planning, motorway operations, maintenance, tolling operations and administration;
- Vice President Strategy at Linfox;
- General Manager Grain Division at Pacific National during the creation of Pacific National;
- Queensland Manager General Stevedoring at Patrick Corporation; and
- Gladstone Port Manager at GrainCorp.
Rachel holds a BSc (Hons) in Engineering and has attended an Advanced Management Program at INSEAD. Her experience and resultant broad knowledge of the Australian logistics and infrastructure sector have been invaluable in the establishment of the Freight and Regional Development Division. Rachel leads the Division in championing the needs of the NSW freight sector and ensuring that the freight system supports the efficient movements of goods across NSW.