Date: 4th Mar 2014
Speaker: John Austen, General Manager, Policy; Infrastructure Australia
Topic: Does having a transport policy help to identify infrastructure projects
In 2007-08 the Australian Transport (Ministerial) Council agreed a national transport policy framework. The Office of the National Infrastructure Coordinator has proposed more detail to this framework along three themes identified by Infrastructure Australia: international gateways, a national freight network and transforming our cities. This presentation outlines the assumptions, methods and results of that work. It considers ports, freight, urban transport, roads and 'people' matters. It considers how this work could be used to identify infrastructure projects. The Office is a small group which provides support to the National Infrastructure Coordinator and Infrastructure Australia. Most of its research is published: http://www.infrastructureaustralia.gov.au/publications
John Austen holds degrees in Economics and Law from the Australian National University. He has been a career public servant in labour, manufacturing and transport agencies with roughly equal time in the Commonwealth and NSW. He currently is with the office working on transport matters. He has lived in south western Sydney for 20 years. Experience prior to the office includes: some of the Hawke/Keating government economic policies; formal evaluation of government programs; international benchmarking of non-traded services; changes in NSW and national land transport; competition policy and access regimes; reviews of NSW rail, freight, urban transport; external governance in transport.
Date: 18th Mar 2014
Speaker: Peter Thornton, General Manager - Infrastructure, WorleyParsons
Topic: Planning for a second Sydney airport
The Australian and New South Wales (NSW) Governments jointly developed an Aviation Strategic Plan (the Plan) for the Sydney Region which was released to the public in March 20121. To support the development of the Plan, a Joint Study was undertaken identify options and strategies to meet the aviation capacity needs of the Sydney Region over the short, medium and long terms (defined as 10, 25, and 25+ years respectively). A key input to this was the work lead by the authors to identify sites within the Sydney region which could potentially support the development of airports ranging in scale from a single runway commuter and general aviation scale to a full service, multi runway international scale airport.
For the purposes of the overall Sydney Region Aviation Capacity (SRAC) Study, the Sydney Region was initially considered to extend north to the Hunter Valley, south to beyond Nowra, south-west to Canberra and west to Lithgow and later encompassed about 20,000 sq. kms of terrain to be analysed.
The study proceeded through a number of stages firstly to identify localities which met a set of 10 high level Greenfield airport location criteria and. were broadly capable of supporting airport development then to reduce those localities using an evaluation process fields by assessment against 32 criteria on advice from the Steering Committee, the 18 localities were reduced to initially nine and, latterly, seven localities for which 'representative airports' concepts were prepared; those seven localities and the representative sites within them were subjected to a Rapid CBA assessment and further reduced to five "suitable site" localities. These five localities were then assessed in detail in four phase process:
- Phase One - using GIS methods, coarse screening of five localities within the Sydney Region to identify broadly suitable land for airport development;
- Phase Two - using GIS methods, application of key criteria to identify the more suitable lands within those areas;
- Phase Three - using 1:25,000 scale mapping to provide enhanced detail, identification of suitable sites within the more suitable lands using airport site location planning principles and development of concept plans for both airport types for each site identified.
- Phase Four - site and location specific analyses to identify the more suitable sites.
Following the identification, of the more suitable sites, of which Badgerys Creek was determined by the Steering Committee to be the most suitable site, a detailed analysis of the only major contender to Badgerys Creek - located near Wilton, NSW was undertaken.
This paper described the background, analytical process and summarizes the major findings of the study which has provided a platform for Government to make a decision as to where to develop additional aviation capacity in the Sydney Region. It is now widely reported that the Government will finally affirm the site that it already owns at Badgerys Creek as that place.
Peter is now Principal of his own consulting firm Transportation Associates Pty Ltd. Until recently he was one of WorleyParsons global leaders in infrastructure and transportation based in Sydney and General Manager - Infrastructure. Peter's personal area of practice is now mostly focussed in the strategic development, planning and design of transportation and infrastructure projects, drawing on his skills in engineering, environmental planning, and project economics. He has more than 40 years of experience in transport infrastructure across roads, airports, rail and ports. Over the period 2010 - 2013 he was the Project Director and Lead Author for a series of airport planning studies commissioned by the Department of Infrastructure and Transport to support the Sydney Region Aviation Capacity Study.
Peter holds Masters Degrees in Business Administration and Environmental Planning from Macquarie University and a first class honours degree in Civil Engineering from Sydney University, where he has been president of the Civil Engineering Foundation since 2007.
He is a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers Australia and of the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport Australia and a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London.
Before the acquisition of TMG by WorleyParsons, he was Managing Director of TMG International (Australia) Pty Ltd for 5 years. Prior to this, he was a Director and Principal of Arup Australia for 13 years and before that an Associate Director of MacDonald Wagner.
Date: 25th Mar 2014
Speaker: Prof André de Palma, ENS Cachan, France
Topic: Residential mobility, mode choice and risky choice: the household point of view
André de Palma has a PhD in Physics and a PhD in Economics. He was Professor at Queens, Northwestern University and University of Geneva. He is currently professor at Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, in France. He is a specialist in transportation and urban economics, industrial organization, and decision under risk. He has published more than 230 articles in international Journals, as well as 7 books (one, in MIT Press, was quoted 2000 times). He is currently working on couple decision making projects in the context of transportation and urban economics.
Date: 1st Apr 2014
Speaker: Dr. Michael Lindfield, Former Principal Urban Development Specialist at Asian Development Bank
Topic: Financing international urban development infrastructure
Emergent technologies will radically change the shape of our economies and consequently of our cities. From the $35,000 robot, to AI, to the self-driving car, technology will impact our lives in fundamental ways - potentially for good and ill. It provides both the promise of a more sustainable society and the threat of increased social instability. The presentation will explore the role of infrastructure in maximising the former and minimising the latter - in both OECD and emerging economies.
Michael Lindfield is an economist/ financial analyst with over thirty years experience in international sustainable urban development policy formulation and in designing the institutional and financial mechanisms to implement urban development and infrastructure policy. He is a Senior Advisor to the SMART Infrastructure Facility. He has recently retired from the ADB, having attained the positions of Lead Professional (Urban Development) and Chair of the Urban Community of Practice. Concurrently, he was the program manager for the Cities Development Initiative for Asia, an infrastructure project development facility. He has also served as Department Head of the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies in the Netherlands and as Deputy Director/ Senior Research Fellow, in the Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute at the Queensland University of Technology. He has worked as a consultant for the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the United Nations, as well as for private sector and government agencies. He has a Bachelors degree in Architecture from Sydney University and a Masters degree in Commerce from the University of New South Wales in Australia. He obtained his PhD in Economics from Erasmus University in the Netherlands on the topic of Infrastructure Project Risk Assessment.
Date: 8th Apr 2014
Speaker: Dr Marcus Enoch, School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, UK
Topic: Are we sleepwalking into a radically different local passenger transport future?
The world is changing faster than ever. Yet a core assumption made by most people - transport policy makers and practitioners included - is that cars, buses and taxis will remain as the dominant local passenger transport modes in the coming decades. This discussion paper draws on a range of literature sources and on discussions with industry leaders to look anew at the local passenger transport sector in the light of broader societal trends to challenge this assumption, and to offer some insights as to possible implications for practice and policy.> The paper finds that significant changes are already occurring in how transport services are being provided. Thus, the traditional modes of car, bus and taxi are already beginning to lose market share to a range of 'new' intermediate modes - e.g. shared taxis, lift sharing schemes, DRT services and car clubs. Meanwhile a whole range of societal trends - e.g. the global recession, growth in smart phones, attitudes to collaborative consumption, increasing proportion of elderly people - are combining such that this process of 'modal convergence' is accelerating. In effect, cars, buses and taxis are gradually morphing into a single mode that is of better quality than the bus, cheaper than a taxi, and does not require one to buy the vehicle as with a car. In addition, rapid developments in autonomous car technology are proceeding apace. Taken together then, these trends threaten a revolution in how we move about, potentially within a relatively short space of time. Particular challenges for policy makers and practitioners will include public resistance to the idea, economic issues over who would pay and how this would be done, and the effect on social groups and the environment.
Dr Marcus Enoch was appointed as a lecturer in Transport Studies in the School of Civil and Building Engineering at Loughborough University in January 2003 and has been a senior lecturer since May 2007. Prior to that he was a research fellow at the Open University for four years, and before that he was a news and features writer for the professional journal Local Transport Today.
In research terms, Dr Enoch has an interest in sustainable transport systems - specifically in how they are designed, implemented, and operated and in how they could be improved. He has published more than 100 articles - including two research monographs, 42 peer reviewed academic journal contributions and ten book chapters - and presented more than 80 international conference papers.
Date: 29th Apr 2014
Speaker: Professor Stephane Hess, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, UK
Topic: Putting behaviour back into choice modelling: what are the potential benefits for transport research?
Mathematical models of choice behaviour are used to understand people's choices across a range of topic areas, with transport being one of the most active fields. Their outputs form a key component in guidance underpinning government and industry decisions on changes to policy, infrastructure developments or the introduction of new services or products. In recent years, there has been a growing trend to seek to improve the behavioural realism of the models, often through bringing in ideas from behavioural economics and mathematical psychology. This presentations gives an overview of a number of key concepts in this area, showing the extent to which existing data supports the notion that the assumption of purely compensatory (and often linear in preferences) decision making is not representative of real world behaviour. The talk then focusses on whether (and how much) this matters for transport research and real world transport planning, and identifies some key priorities for future developments.
Stephane Hess is Professor of Choice Modelling in the Institute for Transport Studies at the University of Leeds. He is also Honorary Professor in Choice Modelling in the Institute for Transport and Logistics Studies at the University of Sydney, and affiliated Professor in Demand Analysis at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. His main research interests lie in the use of advanced discrete choice models for the analysis of travel behaviour, primarily with the use of stated preference data. Here, Hess has made contributions to the state of the art in the specification, estimation and interpretation of such models, notably in a valuation of travel time savings context, while also publishing widely on the benefits of advanced structures in actual large-scale transport analyses. His contributions have been recognised for example by the 2014 Outstanding Young Member of the Transportation Research Board (TRB) award for exceptional achievements in transportation research, policy, the 2010 Fred Burggraf award handed out by the Transportation Research Board, the 2005 Eric Pas award for the best PhD thesis in the area of travel behaviour modelling, and the 2004 Neil Mansfield award handed out by the Association for European Transport. He is also the founding editor in chief of the Journal of Choice Modelling, the founder and steering committee chair of the International Choice Modelling Conference, and the co-chair for the 14th International Conference on Travel Behaviour Research, to be held in London in 2015.
Date: 7th May 2014
Speaker: Howard Collins, CEO, Sydney Trains
Topic: Sydney trains
Howard Collins is the Chief Executive of Sydney Trains. Howard, previously the Chief Operating Officer of the London Underground, had a 35-year career with London transport and his achievements included the development of an integrated transport system with Transport for London. Howard was made an OBE (Officer of the Order of the British Empire) in 2013 in recognition of his success as the Lead Director for the London Underground and London Rail for the 2012 Olympic Games.
Howard was also responsible for the restoration and recovery of the London Underground following the 2005 London bombings. He was a member of the British Transport Policy Authority and the leader of the Authority's Performance Committee.
On his appointment to the new role at Sydney Trains, Howard said "Sydney is a world-class city and I am looking forward to working with the NSW Government to deliver a world-class rail system."
Date: 13th May 2014
Speaker: Peter Koning, MD NR consulting +CILTA NSW
Topic: Leading Major Transport Projects
New transport infrastructure facilitates the prosperous growth of our cities. Key programs are now emerging which will deliver transport solutions for the next 100 years. Critical to the successful of the on time and on budget delivery is the role of the project leader. The discussion will examine what makes a successful program leader? How should leaders behave when faced with the demanding challenges from multiple stakeholders? Critically, the presentation will focus on the role the team and the leader must play in driving forward their project vision.
Peter is currently the General Manager for Network Rail Consulting for Australia and New Zealand and has held this position since 2013. Network Rail is the owner and operator of the United Kingdom's rail network and its consultancy arm works with railways throughout the world to enhance best practice operations. He has over thirty years' experience in the Australian and European rail industries and has extensive knowledge and experience in rail operations management, strategic network planning and contract management. He is currently the Chairman of CILTA (NSW Section).
Peter is an experienced transport business manager having worked in both the public and regulated private sectors. He held a variety of front line management positions with British Rail prior to becoming deeply involved in the rail reform and privatisation process. On joining Railtrack in 1993 he assumed commercial responsibility for Great Western Trains before being appointed as Director for European Affairs based in Brussels. On returning to the UK 1, Peter worked on some of the largest rail schemes in the world including the Channel Tunnel Rail Link and the London Crossrail program in a variety of senior roles. In 2007 Peter was appointed as a Director for the International consultancy, AECOM based in Australia.
Peter lives in Sydney with his family.
Date: 20th May 2014
Speaker: John Wagner, Chairman of Wagner Global Services
Topic: The construction & Future of Wellcamp Airport
Brisbane West Wellcamp Airport is currently under construction and will be operational by the end of 2014. Hailed as a game changer for the Toowoomba region, this jet capable public airport will be available for regular passenger services, charter flights, fly-in-fly-out services and airfreight. The airport is designed to cater for large jets up to 747 size allowing for even the largest of airfreight direct into the region.
Toowoomba is the second largest agricultural region in Australia behind Moree Plains in New South Wales with the Western Downs area also ranked in the top 10 for agricultural output. The airport will provide direct agricultural export opportunities for numerous markets including fresh fruit & vegetables, chilled beef, flowers and live equine movement to potential destinations such as New Zealand and parts of Asia.
John is the Chairman of Wagner Global Services and one of the founders of the Wagner Group of Companies, also known as Wagners. Wagners is a diversified group of companies comprising cement, flyash and lime production, contract crushing, on site concrete supply, bulk haulage, reinforcing steel, precast concrete, composite fibre products and an oil and gas engineering services business. Wagners is based in Toowoomba and has operations in Australia, Malaysia, PNG and Mongolia. The company employs in excess of 1000 full time staff plus subcontractors and is currently building an airport in Toowoomba which is the first greenfield public airport built in Australia in the last 47 years. Wagners will be the owner and operator of this facility.
Date: 3rd Jun 2014
Speaker: Neil Smith, CEO Tower Transit Operations Ltd
Topic: The Foundations of an Effective Bus Network
Neil sits in a unique position in the urban bus industry, with a current involvement in the delivery of services in Perth, Adelaide, Sydney and London. This provides a perspective on the essential elements that comprise a 'successful' urban public transport system. These elements focus on defining clear goals, implementing consistent policies over time, and delivering a network built around simplicity, frequency, interchange, information and connectivity. Drawing on the lessons learned from the extraordinary growth in the usage of the London bus system over the past 15 years, and the experience of operating in three Australian cities over the past 18, recommendations for the principles that should underlay future development of urban passenger transport in Sydney will be offered.
Debate will be encouraged.
Neil is a founder and Director of the Transit Systems Group and Chairman of Tower Transit Ltd. Transit Systems is a major provider of contracted urban passenger bus services within Australia, currently operating in Perth, Adelaide and Sydney. It is also the largest privately owned ferry operator in Australia, with operations in South East Queensland and Gladstone. Tower Transit is an associate of Transit Systems, operating 420 buses under contract to Transport for London.
Neil has worked in the bus industry since 1973. With initial trained by Dick Rowe of Busways, he commenced his own business with the purchase of Manly Bus Service in 1975. He has been an active participant in the outsourcing of urban bus services, from winning the first contract awarded in Perth in 1996 to leading the only successful bid by a non-incumbent to provide services in Sydney in 2013. His advocacy of the benefits of competitively tendering urban transport services has been less than popular within the Australian bus industry. Neil relocated to London in 2013 with the purchase of part of First's London business, now operating at Tower Transit.
Neil is also active in developing leadership training colleges in central Africa, with a focus on post-conflict regions in Sierra Leone, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
He is a graduate of the University of Sydney (BA 1972, MTM 1994) and a former lecturer with ITLS.
Date: 24th Jun 2014
Speaker: Dr. Jia Yan, Washington State University
Topic: Open Skies: Estimating consumers' benefits from free trade in airline services and policy recommendations from a US perspective
Jia is an Associate Professor of Economics at Washington State University (WSU). He is an applied economist with expertises in transportation economics and industrial organization. His recent research projects cover the following topics: 1. Measuring the heterogeneity in commuters' values of time and time reliability; 2. Policy design accounting for the heterogeneity in commuters' preferences for travel time; 3. Measuring efficiency of transport infrastructure including airports and ports; 4. The effect of institutional arrangements on airport efficiency; 5. Privatization of transport infrastructure including airports and highways; and 6. The effect of open-skies on airline markets. His research papers on these topics have appeared in journals such as Econometrica, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, Journal of Public Economics, Journal of Urban Economics, Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs, Transportation Research Part B, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, and Transportation Research Record.
Date: 29th Jul 2014
Speaker: Professor Greg Marsden, ITS The University of Leeds
Topic: What can we learn from Disruptions?
Managing disruptions is a fact of life for transport planners and operators but the primary focus of disruptions is typically to get the system back up and running as fast as possible. This presentation describes the key findings from a major three year study in the UK into what we can learn by studying how people react (both in terms of activity choices and mobility choices) when faced with disruptions. This builds on a tradition of work on cities which suggests that moments where infrastructures fail to work properly reveal critical and taken for granted insights into why we behave as we do. The presentation will introduce a framework which has been used to bring together information on different disruptions (e.g. flooding, snow and ice, planned events and closures) and provide new empirical evidence on a sample of the disruptions we have studied. The presentation will then turn to what we have learnt about flexibility and adaptability. The ultimate aim of the project is to provide new insights into how we might design more effective travel behaviour change programmes and these will be put forward for debate.
Greg is Director and Professor of Transport Governance at the Institute for Transport Studies at the University of Leeds. His research interests relate to understanding decision-making processes within local and national government, performance management, governance reform processes and citizen participation. He is currently working on issues relating to carbon governance, disruptions, resilience and energy demand reduction. He has acted as specialist adviser to the UK Parliamentary Transport scrutiny committee.
Date: 12th Aug 2014
Speaker: Professor Steve Ison, Loughborough University
Topic: Emerging Issues in Parking Policy
Stephen Ison is Professor of Transport Policy in the Transport Studies Group, School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, UK. He has published widely in the area of air transport and transport demand management and parking in particular. He has guest edited a number of Journal special issues including 'Parking' for the Journal of Transport Policy Vol. 13, No. 6, 2006. He is a member of the Scientific Committee of the World Conference of Transport Research, Editor of the Journal of Research in Transportation Business and Management [Elsevier], Book Series Editor of Transport and Sustainability [Emerald Group Publishing] and has edited, authored or co-authored 7 books.
Date: 2nd Sep 2014
Speaker: Kathryn Smith, Australian Climate Change Authority
Topic: The case for light vehicle emissions standards in Australia
This presentation gives an overview of the Climate Change Authority's recent report on the case for a light vehicle carbon dioxide emissions standard in Australia. The Authority is an independent statutory agency, established to provide expert advice on Australian climate change policy. This work extends a previous Authority report which noted that the transport sector is a significant and growing source of emissions and recommended that the government investigate the near-term introduction of fleet-average carbon dioxide emissions standards for light vehicles. The latest paper draws on commissioned modelling to demonstrate the net private and social benefits of standards and provides detailed proposals for the design of an Australian standard.
Kathryn Smith is a Review Director in the Australian Climate Change Authority and an environmental and public policy economist specialising in climate change policy design and assessment. She has previously worked at Vivid Economics, a London-based economics consultancy specialising in energy and climate economics, and as a Special Adviser at the Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency.
Date: 16th Sep 2014
Speaker: Mike Smart, Sapere Research Group
Topic: Optimal public transport fares for Sydney
In this presentation, Mike Smart will outline an approach for determining optimal public transport fares. The main insight is that ideal fares diverge from marginal costs because of externalities. In a series of studies for IPART, Mike has quantified the key externalities relating to congestion, pollution and accidents. From these, socially optimal fare levels can be estimated. Public transport subsidies can also be optimised using this approach. This work has influenced recent fare determinations.
Mike Smart is a director of Sapere Research Group and an economist specialising in competition law, competitive strategy in concentrated industries and regulation of networks. He consults widely on third party access to essential facilities across the rail, telecommunications, gas, payment systems and aviation sectors. Mike has given expert evidence in the Federal Court of Australia and the Australian Competition Tribunal. He is a member of the Competition and Consumer Committee of the Law Council of Australia, and the Economic Society of Australia. Since 2008 he has advised IPART on fare reviews for rail, bus and ferry services.
Date: 7th Oct 2014
Speaker: Rob Tyson, PwC
Topic: The granular economic characteristics of our cities and their implications on infrastructure investment.
The starting hypothesis for the study was that the lenses through which our economy is currently viewed - such as an industry, state or national lens - provide only high-level insights which are insufficient for informing major policy or infrastructure investments that are targeted at key locations or corridors. The 18 month study therefore focused on understanding the economic characteristics and performance of 2,214 locations covering Australia since FY01 to FY13.
The findings have major implications for the planning, prioritisation, appraisal and funding of infrastructure investments within our cities. These implications are demonstrated through an ex-post analysis of major PT and road infrastructure using this new granular economic data. The case studies demonstrates an 'on-the-ground' productivity dividend associated with public transport infrastructure investment, increasing the density of high value-add jobs, re-shaping the characteristics of the corridor and delivering returns to employee wages, business profits and government tax revenue. The potential for ex-post analysis using this data provides a vehicle to validate current appraisal techniques and specify new value capture mechanisms.
Rob Tyson is a Director in PwC's Economic & Policy team. He is an experienced economist specialising in infrastructure and urban economics. Rob leads a team that has been undertaking cutting edge research into the granular make-up of Australia's economy and provides advice to a range of government and private sector clients around the implications this has on their strategic policies and investment decisions.
Date: 14th Oct 2014
Speaker: Clint Feuerherdt, Transit Systems
Topic: Industrial relations strategy in a greenfields resources-based environment
Abstract: Major industrial relations reform took place during 2008/2009 under the Rudd Labor Government. Award modernisation was complete in 2008, where 1,560 state and federal awards were replaced with 122 modern awards. In 2009, the Fair Work Act 2009 was introduced to replace WorkChoices (Workplace Relations Amendment Act 2005) and Fair Work Australia was formed. Such major industrial relations reform took place against the backdrop of the largest resources boom that Australia had ever seen. Transit Systems, a company of now some 3,600 employees, is required to be nimble in a changing industrial relations landscape. No more so than during the establishment of its largest marine transport business in Gladstone, formed to service the $60 billion LNG projects on Curtis Island. Clint will dissect the industrial relations strategy that led to efficient and risk mitigated employment arrangements in a booming resources-based marine transport environment, providing students with an insight into responsive industrial relations strategies.
Bio: Clint is responsible for leading the Transit Group in its next generation of growth. In his time with Transit Systems, he has been responsible for leading winning bids in the bus and ferry divisions, during one of the most successful periods in the Group's history. Clint has previously held investment banking positions where he was regarded as a transport infrastructure expert. He has previously advised companies including BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto, Xstrata and Virgin Group on corporate and transport infrastructure strategies. Clint graduated from the University of Queensland with an Honours Degree in Commerce and was awarded the University Medal. Drawing on executive level experience with some of Australia's largest corporate entities, Clint ensures that Transit Systems maintains its position as one of Australia's leading passenger transport providers.
Date: 28th Oct 2014
Speaker: Sally Stannard, TRANSlink
Topic: Public transport frequency matters: the South East Queensland experience
In Brisbane a 15-minute or better frequency has been offered consistently across a series of radial bus routes for a number of years - the BUZ network. The success of this network is demonstrated with the 14% of SEQ routes offering this frequency in 2012 carrying almost 60% of SEQ bus passengers. Now the concept has been applied more broadly to more suburban routes, non-CBD focussed routes, in regional areas and to parts of the rail network. This presentation reports some of the analysis of these routes and describes some of the factors contributing to the results in SEQ as well as some lessons learned from this region.
Most recently Sally Stannard was Executive Director for Transport and Infrastructure in the TransLink Division of Qld Transport and Main Roads and prior to that Director for Strategy and Planning at the TransLink Transit Authority. Sally was responsible for leading the TransLink strategy, planning, infrastructure and analysis teams as they collaborated with transport operators to deliver project based improvements to the network. Geographically large (from Noosa to Coolangatta and west to Ipswich) and demographically diverse, the South East Queensland Region was TransLink's focus until the more recent shift to Qld-wide public transport planning and operations. Sally is passionate about the impact quality public transport has on people's lives and communities.
Date: 11th Nov 2014
Speaker: A/Prof Karen Lucas, ITS, University of Leeds
Topic: Exploring the relationship between material poverty and the travel behaviours of low income populations
I will present a recent study to model the relationship between travel poverty and social disadvantage at the national and local area level. The methodology involves a three-staged, multi-level approach, which integrates macro-level econometric modelling with miso-level accessibility assessment and micro-simulation. The research aims to explore the policy question: Do people not travel because of their material poverty or is transport poverty (at least partially) an explanation for their social disadvantage? This is an important issue in the context of the severe funding cutbacks for local transport in the UK. Under the new regime of ‘economic austerity’, there is increasing concern amongst the transport policy community to articulate the social consequences of these decisions and the effect they have on people’s livelihoods and well-being.
Dr Karen Lucas is Associate Professor of Transport Geography and Director of Research and Innovation at the Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds. She has had 20 years of experience in social research in transport. She is a world-leading expert in the area of transport-related social exclusion. Her most recent project was for the Asian Development Bank to develop a training program for Designing Inclusive Transport Projects.Karen is a regular advisor to national governments in the UK. In 2002, she was seconded to the Social Exclusion Unit for fourteen months to develop policies to address the transport exclusion of low-income and disadvantaged groups and communities. She subsequently worked for the Department of Transport to undertake pilot studies and develop the Guidance on Accessibility Planning that resulted from this study. She has also advised local and national governments in Australia,, South America, South Africa and New Zealand and is an active member a number of advisory bodies Karen is also chair of the Transport Geography Research Group of the Royal Geographical Society and assistant editor of the Journal of Transport Geography. Further information about Karen and her research activities and publications can be found at http://www.its.leeds.ac.uk/people/k.lucas
Date: 25th Nov 2014
Speaker: Prof Abigail Bristow, Loughborough University
Topic: The cost of transportation noise: what can meta-analysis of stated preference studies tell us?
Monetary values of the costs of noise nuisance are needed to inform policy development and decision making, ensuring that the benefits of interventions to reduce noise at the emitter or receiver exceed the costs. As there is no market for quiet, the classic approach to valuing noise nuisance has been to seek a market within which noise is implicitly valued, typically the housing market where price is a function of a bundle of characteristics of the house and the neighbourhood including noise. However, such approaches are limited with respect to uncovering current preferences of residents and stated preference approaches have become increasingly popular.
This presentation reports the first meta-analysis and most extensive review of stated preference studies of transportation noise nuisance. The meta-analysis is based on a newly compiled data set of 258 values from 49 studies and 23 countries and spanning more than 40 years. A particularly significant finding of the study is that the intertemporal income elasticity is close to one, somewhat larger than the cross-sectional income elasticity typically obtained from individual studies. This demonstrates the importance of distinguishing the effects of income variations that occur over time, which tend to drive policy, from variations across individuals at one point in time, and such findings are typical of those observed in other markets. Importantly, the values derived are transferable across countries and may be used to benchmark existing evidence and provide values in contexts where none exist. Other key results are that values for aircraft noise exceed those for other modes, whilst those exposed to higher noise levels and those who are highly annoyed also have higher values in line with expectations. A wide range of design effects were tested but few were significant and these included the consumer surplus measure, the representation of noise and the context.
Abigail Bristow is Professor of Transport Studies and leader of the Transport Studies Group within the School of Civil and Building Engineering at Loughborough University. She is a Fellow of the Institute of Acoustics (IOA) and the Royal Society of the Arts. She was a Board Member and subsequently a Director of the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership from 2007 to 2011. Her main research interests are in the environmental effects of transport with a particular focus on the value of noise and quiet and cost effective approaches to carbon mitigation and the provision and appraisal of transport services. She has published widely in these areas. Her work on the economic valuation of transport noise has involved the application of stated choice techniques to value road transport noise nuisance in Edinburgh, Kunming and Lisbon and aircraft noise nuisance in Athens, Bangkok, Bucharest, Lyon and Manchester. She recently completed a pioneering meta-analysis of stated choice valuation studies in the context of transportation noise.