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Gracy (J.Y.) Yang

Gracy (J.Y.)  Yang

BA MA Nanjing PhD HKUST
Senior Lecturer

Rm 4104
H70 - Abercrombie Building
The University of Sydney
NSW 2006 Australia

Telephone +61 2 9036 7814
Fax +61 2 9036 5378
gracy.yang@sydney.edu.au

Bio

Gracy (J.Y.) Yang is a senior lecturer of the Discipline of International Business at the University of Sydney Business School. She received her Ph.D. from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Her current research interests include global strategy, organizational learning, organizational and inter-organizational networks, and non-market strategy in transition and emerging economies. Her research has appeared in Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Best Paper Proceeding, Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Global Strategy Journal, Long Range Planning, Organization Science, and others.

Gracy is currently serving on the Editorial Review Board of Strategic Management, Journal of International Business Studies, and Journal of World Business. She served as track chairs at Australia New Zealand International Business Academy (ANZIBA) in 2016, Asia Academy of Management (AAOM) in 2017, and is serving as the chair for the track of internationalization process and international entrepreneurship at Academy of International Business (AIB) in 2018. She has also frequently chaired sessions at various prestigious international and local conferences in the field of business and management, including the annual conferences of Academy of Management (AOM), AAOM, AIB, ANZIBA, and Strategic Management Society (SMS).

Research Interests

My main research focus is adopting the lens of organisational theories, such as organizational learning theory and institutional theory, to examine the strategies of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in Asian contexts, such as their market entry strategies, entry mode choices, location strategies and subsidiary-level strategies. I endeavour to extend the theories by leveraging the complex nature of both MNEs and host country environments.

Another area that I started working in is the strategy and management of Asian managers, entrepreneurs and firms. This research stream is more phenomena driven, with an aim to apply new and appropriate theoretical lenses to explain complex phenomena in the Asian context. I first became interested in this area by conducting comprehensive paper reviews on the private firms, entrepreneurship development, and foreign direct investment in China. The effort was rewarded with several publications.

Recently I have endeavoured to identify interesting and emerging phenomena in Asian economies, and developed several research projects. One project is about the influence of government corruption on entrepreneurship development. Government corruption is a prevalent phenomenon in emerging Asian economies. What has been largely overlooked is that corruption entails different characteristics in different Asian countries. Another project focuses on the non-market strategy of Chinese firms. Non-market strategy, including strategic corporate social responsibility and corporate political activity (CPA), presents unique characteristics in Asian contexts. Conventional wisdom suggests that CPAs provide a buffer for firms in an emerging economy to reduce environmental dependence and uncertainty and shield them from environmental threats. In this project, we aim to address the question: Do CPAs lose strategic value as institutional environments improve in an emerging economy? The third project investigates the driving factors to Chinese firms’ outward foreign direct investments in developed economies (Australia included), including the firms’ inward internationalisation experience, corporate governance and executives’ characteristics.

2018

4
Journal Article/s

Liu HJ, Yang JY and Augustine D 2018 Forthcoming 'Political ties and firm performance: The effects of proself, prosocial engagement and institutional development', Global Strategy Journal

Tian L, Yang JY and Wei LQ 2018 Forthcoming 'Speed to legal registration and nascent venture performance: A temporal dilemma for nascent entrepreneurs in an emerging economy', Journal of Small Business Management

Wei W, Ryan T and Yang JY 2018 Forthcoming 'Independent Directors in Asian Firms: An Integrative Review and Future Directions', Asia Pacific Journal of Management

2017

4
Journal Article/s

Yang JY, Lu J and Jiang R 2017 'Too Slow or Too Fast? Speed of FDI Expansions, Industry Globalization, and Firm Performance', Long Range Planning, vol.50:1, pp. 74-92 [Link]

2016

4
Journal Article/s

Song L, Augustine D and Yang JY 2016 'Environmental uncertainty, prospector strategy, and new venture performance: the moderating role of network capabilities', International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, vol.12:4, pp. 1103-26 [Link]

5
Conference Paper/s

Chen J and Yang JY 2016 'Substitutive or Synergistic? Inward and Outward Internationalization in Emerging Market Firms', Academy of International Business 2016 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, United States, 30th June 2016

Yao F, Yang JY, Chang S and Delios A 2016 'The Effect of Host Country Threats on MNEs' Global Integration Effort via Subsidiary Staffing', Academy of International Business 2016 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, United States, 30th June 2016

Yang JY and Tian KF 2016 'Internationalization and Global Strategy', Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy (ANZIBA) Conference 2016, Sydney, Australia, 19th February 2016

2015

4
Journal Article/s

Yang JY, Li J and Delios A 2015 'Will a Second Mouse Get the Cheese: Learning from Early Entrants’ Failures in a Foreign Market', Organization Science, vol.26:3, pp. 908-22 [Link]

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY, Tian R and Li J 2015 'Government Corruption, Entrepreneurial Climate and Nascent Entrepreneurs' Resource Acquisition in a Transition Economy', 9th Asia Academy of Management and 8th Taiwan Academy of Management Joint Conference, Hong Kong, (China), 24th June 2015

2014

2
Book Section/s

Yang JY, Chang S and Yao FK 2014 'Why Managers Do What They Do? A Study on Chinese Managers' Time Allocation' in Research on the Impact of Global Economic Integration and Information Networking on Sustainable Corporate Development, ed. Shuming Zhao, Stephen Nicholas, Hong Liu & Chunlin Liu, Nanjing University Press, Nanjing, China, pp. 3-15

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY 2014 'Riding on the Dragon: Host Country Regulatory Constraints and FDI Bandwagon Diffusions in China', 74th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Philadelphia, United States, 5th August 2014

Tian L and Yang JY 2014 'Sanding or Greasing the Wheel? Government Corruption and Nascent Ventures' Resources Acquisition', 74th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Philadelphia, United States, 5th August 2014

Yao FK, Yang JY, Chang S and Delios A 2014 'Opportunity, Threat, and Asymmetric Moderating Effects on Multinational Firms' Staffing Strategies', 74th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Philadelphia, United States, 5th August 2014

Yang JY, Li J, Delios A, Chang S and Yao F 2014 'Riding on the Dragon: FDI Bandwagon Diffusions in China', Academy of International Business 2014 Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, 26th June 2014

Yang JY, Li J, Delios A, Chang S and Yao F 2014 'Decomposing Environmental Effects: A Study of Japanese Multinational Enterprises' Executive Staffing Strategies in China', Academy of International Business 2014 Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, 26th June 2014

2013

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY, Chang S and Yao FK 2013 'Semi-regularity, Discontinuity, and Variety: Why Do Managers Do What They Do?', Academy of International Business Annual Meeting AIB 2013 – “Bridging the Divide: Linking IB to Complementary Disciplines and Practice”, Istanbul, Turkey, 6th July 2013

6
Conference Proceeding/s

Ketencioglu E and Yang JY 2013 'The Impact of Market Dynamism on Exploitative and Competitive Capital Allocation: A Dynamic Capability Perspective', Proceedings of the 27th Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference ANZAM 2013 - "Managing on the Edge", Hobart, Australia, 6th December 2013

2012

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY, Li J and Delios A 2012 'Confidence in Learning from Others’ Failures: Foreign Investment Strategy in a Transition Economy', Academy of Management Annual Meeting AOM 2012 - “The Informal Economy”, Boston, Australia, 7th August 2012

Yang JY and Lu J 2012 'Caution and Causation: Why (not) Un-adopt the Strategy Failed in Other firms?', Academy of Management Annual Meeting AOM 2012 - “The Informal Economy”, Boston, United States, 7th August 2012

Yang JY, Li J and Delios A 2012 'Confidence in Learning from Salient Failures: Why (not) Un-adopt the Failed Strategy in Other firms', Academy of International Business AIB 2012 Annual Meeting - "Rethinking the Roles of Business, Government and NGOs in the Global Economy", Washington DC, United States, 3rd July 2012

6
Conference Proceeding/s

Yang JY and Lu J 2012 'Caution and causation: How others’ failures in a strategy influence new adoptions of the strategy', The Fifth Biennial International Association for Chinese Management Research Conference 2012- IACMR: Building ethical and sustainable organizations in China, Hong Kong, China, 24th June 2012

2011

4
Journal Article/s

Yang JY, Tipton FB and Li JT 2011 'A review of foreign business management in China', Asia Pacific Journal of Management, vol.28:3, pp. 627-59

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY and Lu J 2011 'Caution or Causation: How earlier entrant failures influence new entry decisions', Academy of International Business AIB 2011 Annual Meeting - "International Business for Sustainable World Development", Nagoya, Japan, 28th June 2011

2010

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY and Tipton FB 2010 'The Development of Foreign Business in China: A Literature Review & Future Research Direction', The 2010 Biennial Conference of the International Association for Chinese Management Research IACMR, Shanghai, China, 20th June 2010

2009

2
Book Section/s

Li J and Yang JY 2009 'Competition, Learning, and Foreign Entry Strategy: A Macro Organization Perspective' in Advances in International Management (Volume 22) - Managing Subsidiary Dynamics: Headquarters Role, Capability Development, and China Strategy, ed. Joseph L.C. Cheng, Elizabeth Maitland, Stephen Nicholas, Emerald/JAI Press, Bingley, United Kingdom, pp. 219-40

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY, Li J and Delios A 2009 'Environmental Imprinting, Pre-entry Learning, and the Survival of New Entrants', 23rd Annual Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management ANZAM Conference 2009, Melbourne, Australia, 4th December 2009

Yang JY and Tipton FB 2009 'A Literature Review for Management of Foreign Firms in China: Where Are We and Where to Go?', Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2009 - "Green Management Matters", Chicago, United States, 11th August 2009

Yang JY and Tipton FB 2009 'Foreign-invested Firms in China: A Literature Review & Direction for Future Research', Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2009 - "Green Management Matters", Chicago, United States, 11th August 2009

Yang JY, Lu J and Jiang J 2009 'Does fast foreign expansion benefit multinational corporations?', Academy of International Business (AIB) 2009 Annual Meeting, San Diego, United States, 30th June 2009

2008

4
Journal Article/s

Yang JY and Li J 2008 'The development of entrepreneurship in China', Asia Pacific Journal of Management, vol.25:2, pp. 335-59

6
Conference Proceeding/s

Jiang R, Lu J and Yang JY 2008 'When is Fast Good? - Speed of Foreign Expansion and Firm Performance', 22nd Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Annual Conference ANZAM 2008-Managing in the Pacific Century, Auckland, New Zealand, 5th December 2008

Jiang RJ, Lu J and Yang JY 2008 'Does Fast Foreign Expansion Benefit Multinational Corporations?', 2008 Academy of Management Annual Meeting - "The Questions We Ask", Anaheim, United States, 13th August 2008

Li JT and Yang JY 2008 'Competition, learning, and foreign entry strategy: A macro organization perspective', AIB (Academy of International Business) 2008 Annual Meeting, Milan, Italy, 3rd July 2008

Jiang J, Lu J and Yang JY 2008 'Does Fast Foreign Expansion Benefit Multinational Corporations?', AIB (Academy of International Business) 2008 Annual Meeting, Milan, Italy, 3rd July 2008

2007

2
Book Section/s

Tsui AS, Song LJ and Yang JY 2007 'Organizational Culture and Employee Responses in Hong Kong Schools: Comparing Dimensional and Configuration Approaches' in Research in Management: International Perspectives, ed. Neider L and Schriesheim C, Information Age Publishing, Charlotte, United States, pp. 25-55

4
Journal Article/s

Li JT, Yang JY and Yue DY 2007 'Identity, community and audience: How wholly owned foreign subsidiaries gain legitimacy in China', Academy of Management Journal, vol.50:1

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY 2007 'The Development of Entrepreneurship in China: A Review and Future Research', Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Meeting 2007, Indianapolis, United States, 28th June 2007

Yang JY 2007 'Can Early FDI Failures Benefit Later Entrants?', Academy of International Business Annual Meeting 2007, Indianapolis, United States, 28th June 2007

2006

2
Book Section/s

Li JT and Yang JY 2006 'FDI communities and the legitimacy of foreign entry modes: The emergence of wholly owned foreign subsidiaries in China' in Emerging Multiplicity: Integration and Responsiveness in Asian Business Development, ed. S Söderman, Palgrave Macmillan Ltd, New York, Australia

Yang JY and Li JT 2006 'China’s domestic private firms: A literature review and directions for future research' in China's Domestic Private Firms: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Management And Performance, ed. A Tsui, Y Bian and L Cheng, M E Sharpe Inc, New York, United States

5
Conference Paper/s

Li J, Yang JY and Yue DY 2006 'Globalization pressures and cross-national diffusion of FDI entry decisions across countries', Strategy and Governance in a World of Institutional Change - 26th SMS Annual International Conference, Vienna, Australia, 1st November 2006

6
Conference Proceeding/s

Li JY, Yang JY and Yue DY 2006 'FDI failures, causal ambiguity and foreign market entry', Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy (ANZIBA) Conference, Wellington, New Zealand, 18th November 2006

Yang JY, Li JT and Delios A 2006 'Failure-induced learning, causal ambiguity and foreign market entry', Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings, Atlanta, United States, 14th August 2006

Li JT, Yang JY and Yue DY 2006 'Globalization pressures and cross-national diffusion of FDI entry decisions across countries', Knowledge Creation in a Transitional Economy - International Association for Chinese Management Research (IACMR) Second Conference, Nanjing, China, 18th June 2006

2005

5
Conference Paper/s

Yang JY, Li JT and Yue DY 2005 'Investing in China: A network perspective on the diffusion of FDI entry decision across countries', Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Honolulu, United States, 10th August 2005

2004

5
Conference Paper/s

Li JT and Yang JY 2004 'The effect of institutional transitions on strategies and performance of private firms in China, a three-stage model', Asia Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Shanghai, China, 1st - 31st December 2004

Li JT and Yang JY 2004 'A review of the management literature on China's domestic private firms: 1986-2003', Academy of Management Annual Meeting, New Orleans, United States, 1st - 31st August 2004

2003

6
Conference Proceeding/s

Tsui A, Song L and Yang JY 2003 'Organizational culture in Hong Kong schools: A multi-level and multi-perspective analysis', 3rd Asia Academy of Management Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, 1st January 2003-31st December 2003

Li JT and Yang JY 2003 'The emergence of a new organizational form: The case of wholly owned foreign subsidiaries in China', Euro-Asia Management Studies Association Meeting, Stockholm, Sweden, 1st - 31st October 2003

Li JT and Yang JY 2003 'The emergence of a new organizational form: The case of wholly owned foreign subsidiaries in China', Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Seattle, United States, 1st - 31st August 2003

2002

4
Journal Article/s

Zhou C, Delios A and Yang JY 2002 'Locational determinants of Japanese foreign direct investment in China', Asia Pacific Journal of Management, vol.19:1, pp. 63-86

Recent Units Taught

  • IBUS2101 International Business Strategy

    2016: SS,
    2015: SS,

  • IBUS6001 International Business Strategy

    2015: S1,

  • MIBS6001 Global Business Environment

    2015: S1,

  • MMGT6001 Strategy and Entrepreneurship

    2017: Int Aug, S2,
    2016: Int Aug, Int Mar, S1,
    2015: S2,