Associate Professor Stacy Carter

NHMRC Early Career Development Fellow (Lv D)
Centre for Values, Ethics & Law in Medicine (VELIM), School of Public Health

K25 - Medical Foundation Building
The University of Sydney
NSW 2006 Australia

T: +61 2 9036 3407
F: +61 2 9036 3436
W: Related website

Research interests

My substantive work focuses on the ethics of public health. My current interests include population-level obesity interventions, health promotion, how we manage our health in everyday life, and cancer screening. I use my empirical research on these topics to inform ethical reflection about public health action. I am also a qualitative methodologist with expertise in grounded theory and a keen interest in the relationship between theory and practice in social science research. I'm writing a book about the latter topic for Sage (London).

Current national competitive grants*


The ethics of prevention and health promotion
Carter S
NHMRC Career Development Fellowship ($391,076 over 5 years)

The natural history of unassisted smoking cessation in Australia
Dunlop S, Chapman S, Carter S, Freeman B
NHMRC Project Grants ($318,510 over 3 years)

Evaluating cancer screening: context, evidence, values and ethics
Carter S, Rychetnik L, Barratt A, Kerridge I
NHMRC Project Grants ($552,350 over 4 years)

* Grants administered through the University of Sydney


Social science; Biomedical ethics; Public health


2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009


  • Williams, J., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2014), 'Organised' cervical screening 45 years on: How consistent are organised screening practices?. European Journal of Cancer. 50(17), 3029¿3038. [Abstract]
  • Binns, C., Howat, P., Jancey, J., Carter, S. (2014), The Surgeon General's 'Smoking and Health': a continuing challenge. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 25, 69-70. [Abstract]
  • Williams, J., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2014), Information provision in cervical screening in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia. 201(5), 295-297. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S. (2014), Health promotion: an ethical analysis. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 25(1), 19-24. [Abstract]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, R., Blinkhorn, A. (2014), How do dentists and their teams incorporate evidence about preventive care? An empirical study. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 41, 401-414. [Abstract]
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Carter, S., Salkeld, G., Trevena, L. (2014), Incorporating evidence and politics in health policy: can institutionalising evidence review make a difference?. Evidence and Policy. 10(3), 439-455.
  • Haynes, A., Brennan, S., Carter, S., O'Connor, D., Schneider, C., Turner, T., Gallego, G. (2014), Protocol for the process evaluation of a complex intervention designed to increase the use of research in health policy and program organisations (the SPIRIT study). Implementation Science. 9(1), 113. [Abstract]


  • Banbury, A., Zask, A., Carter, S., van Beurden, E., Tokley, R., Passey, M., Copeland, J. (2013), Smoking mull: a grounded theory model on the dynamics of combined tobacco and cannabis use among adult men. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 24(2), 143-150. [Abstract]
  • Rychetnik, L., Carter, S., Abelson, J., Thornton, H., Barratt, A., Entwistle, V., Mackenzie, G., Salkeld, G., Glasziou, P. (2013), Enhancing citizen engagement in cancer screening through deliberative democracy. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 105(6), 380-386. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2013), A public health ethics approach to non-communicable diseases. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. 10(1), 17-18. [Abstract]
  • Rychetnik, L., Carter, S., Barratt, A., Irwig, L. (2013), Expanding the evidence on cancer screening: the value of scientific, social and ethical perspectives. The Medical Journal of Australia. 198(10), 536-539. [Abstract]


  • Flitcroft, K., Irwig, L., Carter, S., Salkeld, G., Gillespie, J. (2012), Colorectal cancer screening: Why immunochemical fecal occult blood tests may be the best option. BMC Gastroenterology. 12(1), 183. [Abstract]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2012), Experiences of dental care: what do patients value?. BMC Health Services Research. 12(1), 177. [Abstract]
  • Javanparast, S., Ward, P., Carter, S., Wilson, C. (2012), Barriers to and facilitators of colorectal cancer screening in different population subgroups in Adelaide, South Australia. The Medical Journal of Australia. 196(8), 521-523. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S. (2012), What is health promotion ethics?. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 23(1), 4. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S., Kerridge, I., Sainsbury, P., Letts, J. (2012), Public health ethics: informing better public health practice. New South Wales Public Health Bulletin. 23(5-6), 101-106. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S., Cribb, A., Allegrante, J. (2012), How to Think about Health Promotion Ethics. Public Health Reviews. 34(1), 122-145.
  • Carter, S., Klinner, C., Kerridge, I., Rychetnik, L., Li, V., Fry, D. (2012), The ethical commitments of health promotion practitioners: an empirical study from New South Wales, Australia. Public Health Ethics. 5(2), 128-139.
  • Mathieu, E., Barratt, A., Carter, S., Jamtvedt, G. (2012), Internet trials: participant experiences and perspectives. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 12, 162. [Abstract]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W. (2012), How do dentists understand evidence and adopt it in practice?. Health Education Journal. 71(2), 195– 204.
  • Carter, S., Kerridge, I., Rychetnik, L., King, L. (2012), The ethical implications of intervening in bodyweight. In: A Modern Epidemic. (pp.191-206).Australia: Sydney University Press.


  • Forsyth, R., Scanlan, C., Carter, S., Jordens, C., Kerridge, I. (2011), Decision Making in a Crowded Room: The Relational Significance of Social Roles in Decisions to Proceed With Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation. Qualitative Health Research. 21(9), 1260-1272. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S., Entwistle, V., McCaffery, K., Rychetnik, L. (2011), Shared health governance: the potential danger of oppressive "healthism". The American Journal of Bioethics. 11(7), 57-59. [Abstract]
  • Lipworth, W., Hooker, C., Carter, S. (2011), Balance, balancing, and health. Qualitative Health Research. 21(5), 714-725. [Abstract]
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Salkeld, G., Carter, S., Trevena, L. (2011), Getting evidence into policy: The need for deliberative strategies?. Social science & medicine. 72(7), 1039-0146. [Abstract]
  • Lipworth, W., Kerridge, I., Carter, S., Little, M. (2011), Journal peer review in context: A qualitative study of the social and subjective dimensions of manuscript review in biomedical publishing. Social Science & Medicine. 72(7), 1056-1063. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S., Rychetnik, L., Lloyd, B., Kerridge, I., Baur, L., Bauman, A., Hooker, C., Zask, A. (2011), Evidence, ethics, and values: a framework for health promotion. American Journal of Public Health. 101(3), 465-472. [Abstract]
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Carter, S., Trevena, L., Salkeld, G. (2011), When good evidence is not enough: the role of context in bowel cancer screening policy in New Zealand. Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice. 7(3), 307-326.
  • Flitcroft, K., St John, D., Howard, K., Carter, S., Pignone, M., Salkeld, G., Trevena, L. (2011), A comparative case study of bowel cancer screening in the UK and Australia: evidence lost in translation?. Journal of Medical Screening. 18(4), 193-203. [Abstract]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, R., Blinkhorn, A. (2011), How to do a grounded theory study: a worked example of a study of dental practices. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 11, 128. [Abstract]
  • Lipworth, W., Kerridge, I., Carter, S., Little, M. (2011), Should biomedical publishing be opened-up? Towards a values-based peer-review process. Bioethical Inquiry. 8, 267-280.


  • Lipworth, W., Davey, H., Carter, S., Hooker, C., Hu, W. (2010), Beliefs and beyond: what can we learn from qualitative studies of lay people's understandings of cancer risk?. Health Expectations. 13(2), 113-124. [Abstract]
  • Javanparast, S., Ward, P., Young, G., Wilson, C., Carter, S., Misan, G., Cole, S., Jiwa, M., Tsourtos, G., Martini, A., Gill, T., Baratiny, G., Matt, M. (2010), How equitable are colorectal cancer screening programs which include FOBTs? A review of qualitative and quantitative studies. Preventive Medicine. 50(4), 165-172. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S. (2010), Enacting Internal Coherence. In: Researching Practice: A Discourse on Qualitative Methodologies. (pp.143-152).Netherlands: Sense Publishers.
  • Entwistle, V., Carter, S., Cribb, A., McCaffery, K. (2010), Supporting Patient Autonomy: The Importance of Clinician-patient Relationships. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 25(7), 741-745.
  • Carter, S., Samuel, G., Kerridge, I., Day, R., Ankeny, R., Jordens, C., Komesaroff, P. (2010), Beyond Rhetoric in Debates About the Ethics of Marketing Prescription Medicines to Consumers: The Importance of Vulnerability in People, Situations, and Relationships. American Journal of Bioethics- Primary Research. 1(1), 11-21.


  • Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., Chadban, S., Walker, R., Harris, D., Carter, S., Hall, B., Hawley, C., Craig, J. (2009), Patients' experiences and perspectives of living with CKD. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 53(4), 689-700. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S., Hooker, L., Davey, H. (2009), Writing social determinants into and out of cancer control: an assessment of policy practice. Social Science & Medicine. 68(8), 1448-1455. [Abstract]
  • Hooker, C., Carter, S., Davey, H. (2009), Writing the risk of cancer: cancer risk in public policy. Health, Risk & Society. 11(6), 541-560.
  • Carter, S., Ritchie, J., Sainsbury, P. (2009), Doing good qualitative research in public health: not as easy as it looks. NSW Public Health Bulletin. 20(7-8), 105-111. [Abstract]
  • Carter, S. (2009), Beware dichotomies and grand abstractions: attending to particularity and practice in empirical bioethics. The American Journal of Bioethics. 9(6-7), 76-77. [Abstract]