Glossary of career terms


Career Postgraduate
Career development Prerequisite
Career guidance Profession
Employability Skills                                         Skill
International student SME
Major UAC
Occupation Undergraduate
Penultimate Work

A career is the sequence and variety of occupations (paid and unpaid) which one undertakes throughout a lifetime. More broadly, 'career ' includes life roles, leisure activities, learning and work.

Career development
Career development is the complex process of managing life, learning, and work over the lifespan.

Career guidance
Career guidance is an inclusive term that has been used to describe a range of interventions including career education and counselling, that help people to move from a general understanding of life and work to a specific understanding of the realistic life, learning and work options that are open to them. Career guidance is often thought to incorporate career information, career education and career counselling.

Employability Skills
Generic skills and attributes that are required to gain employment and may be transferred from one situation to another.

International student
Any student who is not an Australian or New Zealand citizen or a permanent resident of Australia is an international student. An international student is required to hold a visa that allows study in Australia and may be liable for international tuition fees.

A job is a paid position requiring a group of specific attributes and skills that enable a person to perform tasks in an organisation either part-time or full-time for a short or long duration.

A field of study, chosen by a student, to represent their principal interest. This would consist of specified units of study from later stages of the award course. One or more majors may be awarded upon the graduand's assessment of study.

An occupation is defined as a group of similar jobs found in different industries or organisations.

The last but one (second last) in a series. Your penultimate year at university is the year before your final year.

A term used to describe a course leading to an award such as graduate diploma, master’s degree or PhD, which usually requires prior completion of a relevant undergraduate degree (or diploma) course.

A pre-requisite is a unit of study that is required to be successfully completed before another unit can be attempted.

A profession is a disciplined group of individuals who adhere to ethical standards and uphold themselves to, and are accepted by, the public as possessing special knowledge and skills in a widely recognised body of learning derived from research, education and training at a high level, and who are prepared to exercise this knowledge and skills in the interest of others.

An ability to perform a particular mental or physical activity which may be developed by training or practice.

Small to Medium Enterprise.

Small Office Home Office. Typically refers to small businesses and home based businesses as a market segment.

The Universities Admissions Centre (UAC) receives and processes applications for admission to undergraduate courses at recognised universities in NSW and the ACT. Most local undergraduates apply through the Universities Admission Centre (UAC).

A term used to describe a course leading to a diploma or bachelors degree.

A set of activities with an intended set of outcomes, from which it is hoped a person will derive personal satisfaction. It is not necessarily tied to paid employment. It can encompass other meaningful and satisfying activities through which an individual’s career develops, such as parenting or volunteering.

Definitions drawn from the Professional Standards for Australian Career Development Practitioners and the University of Sydney glossary.