Environmental Justice

Gap-fill Exercise

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!

justice is defined as the fair treatment and involvement of all people regardless of race, colour, national origin, or income with respect to the development, , and enforcement of environmental laws, and policies. Fair treatment means that no group of people, including racial, ethnic, or socio-economic groups should bear a disproportionate share of the negative environmental resulting from industrial, municipal, and operations or the execution of federal, state, local, and tribal programs and policies. Over the last decade or so, grassroots activists have attempted to change the way society views community health. Grassroots groups have also organized, educated, and empowered themselves to improve the way health and environmental are administered. A growing body of reveals that people of colour and low-income persons have borne greater environmental, and health risks than the society at large in their homes, neighbourhoods, playgrounds, and workplace. Children are at special risk from . A case in point is childhood asthma, an emerging health epidemic in communities of colour. Between 4 to 5 million children under age 18 suffer from asthma. Persons suffering from asthma are sensitive to the effects of indoor air pollution and carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxides, particulate matter, ozone, and nitrogen oxides. Hospitalization and mortality due to asthma exhibit wide and class differences. It is the leading cause of hospital for children. Asthma is a growing environmental justice and social equity concern because of its and impact on vulnerable populations (low-income persons and people of colour) and its larger cumulative impact on these at-risk communities.

(Dr. Robert Bullard - Director, Environmental Justice Resource Centre: Environmental Justice: Strategies for Creating Healthy and Sustainable Communities: Mercer University)