What is Demography?

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Demography is a broad science discipline concerned with the study of human . Demographers deal with the collection, presentation and of data relating to the basic life-cycle events and experiences of people: birth, marriage, divorce, household and family formation, , ageing, migration and death. The discipline emphasises empirical investigation of population processes, including the and of these processes and the study of their determinants and consequences. Practitioners draw on related areas - sociology, economics, political science, anthropology, psychology, public health and ecology - to illuminate their analyses. They may explore biological and biosocial aspects of and mortality in areas such as health and epidemiology.


The field of demography is also with the broader nature of social and economic change, and with the impact of demographic change on the environment. The concepts of life tables, event histories, population momentum and stable populations that have from demography have made significant contributions to an of social change. The demographic literature is also rich in coverage of broad topical studies of human resources; and morbidity; family systems and family structure; the role of women; the value of children; and the social, and institutional context of demographic change.


(From the Demography & Sociology Program, Australian National University: http://demography.anu.edu.au/about/what.php)