Copying for educational purposes - a quick guide

This guide gives an overview of copying and communication of copyright material for educational purposes.

Note the following:

  • the Library’s eReadings Service is the University's official repository for all online, text-based, third-party copyright materials required for student course work. This policy was adopted to ensure compliance with the strict limits on copying and communication set down in the Copyright Act.
  • access to online material must be restricted to University staff and students under the Parts VA and VB of Copyright Act and the Music Licence
  • acknowledge the author and source of each work you use in teaching resources to comply with the moral rights clauses of the Copyright Act.

This table gives a summary of the main types of materials used in teaching.

Type of material

How much can be copied?

 

How much can be communicated?

 

 

E.g. Photocopying, printing and distributing to students either as hard or digital copies.

E.g. Emailing to students or uploading to a learning management system.

Anthologies Applies to individual literary or dramatic works in published print & electronic anthologies.

All of a work of not more than 15 pages in length.

All of a work of more than 15 pages if it has not been separately published.

If a work longer than 15 pages has been separately published, only 10% of its pages should be copied.

There is no limit on the number of works that can be copied from an anthology but no more than 10% of the total pages in the anthology should be copied.

These limits do not apply to anthologies of music. See entry under Music - scores, notated music.
Applies to individual literary or dramatic works in published print & electronic anthologies.

No more than 10% of the total pages be communicated at any time.

Part VB Warning Notice must be displayed when items from a print anthology are communicated.

It's preferable to link to items in electronic anthologies; check the anthology's terms of use first.

These limits do not apply to anthologies of music. See entry under Music - scores, notated music.
Books - chapters One chapter or 10% of the pages for a single course.

More can be copied if the work is out of print & cannot be obtained in a reasonable time at an ordinary commercial price.

See How much will the Library copy or make available online? for more information.
Only one chapter from a published book can be online across the entire University at any time. The Library controls this via eReadings Service. 

Communication limits for book chapters in Course readings & Reserve.

Part VB Warning Notice must be displayed.
Computer software No rights under the Copyright Act to copy computer software for educational purposes. You will need to negotiate a licence with the copyright owners. Cannot be communicated for educational purposes without the copyright owner's permission or a negotiated licence.
CDs & sound recordings No rights under the Copyright Act to copy recorded music for educational purposes but the Music Licence allows staff to copy CDs & sound recordings in the Music Societies' repertoires for educational purposes.

See CDs & sound recordings for more information.
The Music Licence allows CDs & sound recordings to be streamed but downloading is NOT permitted. See Streaming CDs for more detail

Music Licence Notice & contents list must be displayed before files open.
Dramatic works - plays, film & TV scripts 1 chapter or 10% of the pages; more if the work is out of print or cannot be purchased in a reasonable period of time at an ordinary commercial price.
For more information see
How much will the Library copy or make available online?
Only one chapter from a published book can be online across the entire University at any time. Online copies must be communicated via Library eReadings Service.

Part VB Warning Notice must be displayed.
DVDs, films & videos - commercially produced Cannot be copied unless you have the copyright owner's permission or they have been copied from a TV broadcast under Part VA.

See DVDs & movies in Using multi-media.
Cannot be communicated unless you have permission from the copyright owner or copied off-air under Part VA.

S200AB may, after a six step test, allow you to stream some material from a video or DVD

See DVDs & movies in Using multi-media.
Images, diagrams & artistic works - incidental Can be copied along with the text they illustrate.

For more information see
How much will the Library copy or make available online?
Online copies must be made available via Library eReadings Service.

Part VB Warning Notice must be displayed.
Images, diagrams & artistic works - stand alone Images & artistic works in hard copy format can be copied if they haven't been separately published.

Separately published hard copy images & artistic works can be copied if they can't be purchased in a reasonable time at an ordinary commercial price.

Images & artistic works in electronic format can be copied without further investigation.

See Images & diagrams for more information.
Images included in lecture notes can be communicated to students via eLearning sites, such as WebCT, Blackboard, etc.

See Images & diagrams for more information.

Part VB Warning Notice must be displayed.
Music - scores, notated music 10% of the score can be copied - applies to separately published scores & published collections of scores.

More can be copied if the score is out of print & cannot be obtained in a reasonable period of time at an ordinary commercial price.
Online copies must be communicated via Library eReadings Service.

Part VB Warning Notice must be displayed.
Periodical articles Single article from an issue; more if on the same specific subject.

For more information see
How much will the Library copy or make available online?
Library staff will create links to articles in full-text journals where possible. No limit on the number of links as this does not involve any activity under the Copyright Act.
Podcasts Podcasts of TV or radio programs originally broadcast on free-to-air radio or TV stations in Australia, and made available as a podcast by the broadcaster, can be downloaded & made available via eLearning sites.

For more detail see Podcasts.

Podcasts from overseas broadcasts where the host country is a signatory to the Rome Convention can also be used.
Can be communicated to students via eLearning sites such as WebCT, Blackboard, etc.

Part VA Warning notice must be displayed before podcast file opens.
Radio broadcasts Copies of radio programs received in Australia can be copied under Part VA.

For more information see TV & radio broadcasts.
Can be communicated to students via eLearning sites.

Part VA Warning notice must be displayed.
Television broadcasts TV programs received in Australia can be copied & communicated under Part VA.

For more information see TV & radio broadcasts.
Can be communicated to students via eLearning sites.

Part VA Warning Notice must be displayed.
Unpublished works The whole or part of an unpublished literary, dramatic, musical work or artistic work can be copied for educational purposes. Online copies must be communicated via Library eReadings Service.
Web casts Web casts are not classified as broadcasts & cannot be copied under the Copyright Act.

Obtain the copyright owner's permission before use or check conditions of use.
No automatic communication right.

Obtain the copyright owner's permission before use or check conditions of use.

S200AB may, after a six step test, allow you to copy a webcast.