student profile: Mr Jorge Rojas Bravo


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Thesis work

Thesis title: Persistent Inequality: The Chilean voucher system and its impacts on socio-economic segregation and quality of education.

Supervisors: Rachel WILSON , Anthony WELCH

Thesis abstract:

The school effectiveness literature, like much research in education, is restricted, having been largely constructed in, and applied to, the most developed countries. It is important to know more about equity and quality of education in developing countries to test and perhaps modify, a body of theory that has been constructed mainly by, and in, the developed world.

The research project has a mix method approach. The first part of the project was based on a large quantitative data analysis using a Hierarchical Linear Model (HLM) with two-levels. Level-1 is composed of student characteristics and level-2 by schools features. From this methodology and particular methods, I could respond objectives as following (1) the actual variance allocated on student intakes and school level variables over student math achievement (2) the differential impacts of effectiveness considering the student and aggregated SES characteristics (3) the influence of schooling policy variables on math achievement under an analysis of SES compositional effects. From these results will help select interesting case studies (see following).

The second part of research deployed a qualitative approach that was interested in seeing two aspects of school functioning; how a school can achieve a good academic result in disadvantaged contexts and how they respond to accountability pressure. To accomplish these objectives the research took 3 case studies carefully selected and got 25 semi-structure interviews to principals and teachers to understand the process (the dynamic) of those schools classified as effective. This part of research is crucial to initiate a grounded theory from data that exemplify school achievement in contexts of disadvantages and accountability.

Thus while these findings could have a significant impact on any educational system that incorporates market principles and competition, knowing more about how successful schools in a developing country work effectively with the disadvantaged context of their pupils will extend the applicability of school effectiveness theory.

Note: This profile is for a student at the University of Sydney. Views presented here are not necessarily those of the University.