Teaching English to speakers of other languages
As English has evolved as a lingua franca along with globalisation, ways of learning English and its linguistic features are fertile areas for TESOL researchers. Research in this area explores a range of issues relating to the teaching and learning of English as a second language, including: The teaching of listening, reading, writing and speaking; teaching and learning grammar and vocabulary; socio-cultural aspects of English as a second language education. Assessment of learners also features prominently given the importance of language standards in regulating access to education resources and systems in English-speaking countries. Phenomenological and contextual topics that are also investigated include second language literacy development, individual differences in second language learning, bilingual education, the use of English for specific purposes, and cross-cultural issues in second language teaching and learning.