Wind load on structures
The impact of wind induced stresses and vibrations in civil engineering structures such as tall buildings, suspension bridges and stadium roofs. These structures require a careful experimental study in wind tunnels. Evaluation of the wind loading is also necessary for civil engineering structures with special shapes falling outside the scope of the engineering norms. While the measurement of the pressure distribution on models in a wind tunnel is common, accurate prediction of the wind velocity around a structure will provide additional information, with emphasis, for example, on vortex shedding, wind-induced vibrations, and on the interaction with other structures.