Professor Liyong Tong

BSc MEngSc Dalian PhD BUAA, FIEAust MAIAA

School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering

J11 - Aeronautical Engineering Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 6949
Fax +61 2 9351 4841

Website School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering

Teaching and supervision

AERO3360 - Aerospace Structures 1

AERO4360 - Aerospace Structures 2

AERO5301 - Applied Finite Element Analysis

AERO5310 - Foundations of Aerospace Structures

AMME5301 - Foundations of Mechanics of Solids 1

Selected grants

2017

  • Achieving structural morphing via functionalizing nonlinear buckling; Rasmussen K, Tong L, Bambach M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2016

  • Compliant Mechanisms with Multiple Modes; Tong L; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.

2014

  • Design of nastic cellular structures with osmotic actuation; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Automatic Tape Layup (ATL) and Automated Fibre Placement (AFP) facility; Prusty G, Compston P, Tong L, Kwok K, Fox B, Tang Y, Ojeda Rabanal R, Uy B, Sahajwalla V, Pearce G, Qin Q, Morozov E, Ye L, Rasmussen K, Mashiri F, Wildy S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2013

  • Damage Detection in Composite Structures Using Piezoelectric Materials; Tee K, Tong L; DVC Research/International Research Collaboration Award (IRCA).
  • Understanding multi-scale reinforcement of carbon fibre composites; Tong L, Minett A, Guirong Y; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2012

  • Hybrid CNT - Carbon Fibre Reinforced Composites; Tong L, Luo Q; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.

2011

  • Memorandum of Cooperation for ACS. See Note tab.; Tong L, Deng S; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Memorandum of Cooperation for ACS. See Note tab; Llewellyn R, Tong L; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Design of compliant structure systems with integrated actuators; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2010

  • Structural shape control using bio-inspired composite actuators; Tong L; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.

2008

  • Memorandum of Cooperation for ACS. See notes tab for details; Connell R, Ye L, Tong L, Deng S; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Memorandum of Cooperation for Advanced Composite Structures See Notes tab; Gu Y, Tong L; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.

2007

  • Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) for ACS. See Notes tab; Nguyen V, Tong L; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Morphing flexible structures with PLZT based optical actuators; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Active pin reinforced sandwich panels; Tong L; Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD) - US Air Force/Research Grant.

2006

  • Shape adaptive structures with built-in compact smart material based actuators; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • University of Sydney - Bridging Support Grant; Tong L; University of Sydney/Bridging Support.

2005

  • Memorandum of Cooperation for ACS. See Note tab; Connell R, Wood L, Luo Q, Tong L; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Investigation into Use of Ni-Mu-Ga Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys as Structural Actuators; Tong L; University of Sydney/Research & Development.

2004

  • Boeing Strategic Industry Development Activity (SIDA) 16 Grant for research and development of Technique for Determining Adhesive Shear Stress Allowables; Tong L, Webb D; Boeing USA/BLO Project.
  • Computational analysis and design of injection stretch blow-moulded polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles; Tong L, Kosior E; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2003

  • Structural and multidisciplinary optimizationStructural and multidisciplinary optimization; Tong L, Gu Y; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage International: ARC International Fellowships (ARCIF).
  • Controlled vibration of intelligent super-lightweight structure systems; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • New high-order formulations for adhesive strains in bonded joints; Tong L; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).

2002

  • Active damping of peizolelectrc fibre reinforced composites; Tong L; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).
  • Design optimization of KGR specimen configuration and validation; Tong L; Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD) - US Air Force/Research Grant.
  • Active shape control of large thin-walled structures using ferroelectric single crystals; Tong L, Li Q; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2001

  • Modeling delamination in composite structures for its identification; Tong L; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).
  • Mechanics models for desiging stiched composite laminated structures; Tong L, Clayton G, Webb D, Gray J, Duarte A, Mai Y, Clayton G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Strategic Partnerships with Industry - Research and Training (SPIRT).
  • Piezoelectric fibre reinforced composite adaptive plates and shell structures; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).

2000

  • Debonding tolerance of piezoelectric actuators and sensors in adaptive structures; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).
  • Effect of curvature on failure of adhesive bonded joints; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.
  • Shape Optimization of bonded patch to cylindrically curved shell structures; Tong L; Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD) - US Air Force/Research Grant.

Selected publications

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Books

  • Tong, L., Mouritz, A., Bannister, M. (2002). 3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. United States: Elsevier.

Book Chapters

  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2014). The effect of stitch distribution and stitch pattern on mode I delamination toughness of stitched laminated composites. In L Ye, Y.-W. Mai, & Z. Su (Eds.), Composites Technologies For 2020, (pp. 243-248). U.K.: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2011). Analytical Approach to Joint Design. In Silva, Lucas F. M. da; Ochsner, Andreas; Adams, Robert D (Eds.), Handbook of Adhesion Technology, (pp. 597-627). Germany: Springer. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Gong, X. (2011). Mixed mode energy release rates for bonded composite joints. In Pedro Camanho and Liyong Tong (Eds.), Composite joints and connections: Principles, modelling and testing, (pp. 435-462). Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2008). Analysis of cracked lap shear (CLS) joints. In Martins da Silva, Lucas Filipe; Ochsner, Andreas (Eds.), Modeling of Adhesively Bonded Joints, (pp. 22-51). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2008). Integrated and discontinuous piezoelectric sensor/actuator for delamination detection. In Srinivasan Sridharan (Eds.), Delamination behaviour of composites, (pp. 141-168). Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Sun, X., Liu, H., Yan, W., Tong, L., Mai, Y. (2005). Modelling composite reinforcement by stitching and z-pinning. In C Soutis, Shefield University & P.W.R. Beaumont, Cambridge University, UK (Eds.), Mutli-scale modelling of composite material systems: The art of predictive damage modelling, (pp. 319-355). Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.

Journals

  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2017). A deformation mechanism based material model for topology optimization of laminated composite plates and shells. Composite Structures, 159, 246-256. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2017). A novel algorithm using an orthotropic material model for topology optimization [Forthcoming]. Engineering Optimization. [More Information]
  • Guo, J., Liu, J., Wang, Z., He, X., Hu, L., Tong, L., Tang, X. (2017). A thermodynamics viscoelastic constitutive model for shape memory polymers. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 705, 146-155. [More Information]
  • Chen, W., Tong, L., Liu, S. (2017). Concurrent topology design of structure and material using a two-scale topology optimization. Computers and Structures, 178, 119-128. [More Information]
  • Chang, M., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Liang, W. (2017). Effect of geometric size on mechanical properties of dielectric elastomers based on an improved visco-hyperelastic film model. Smart Materials and Structures, 26(3), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L. (2017). Effect of hygrothermal conditioning on the energy release rate and failure mechanism of metal only adherend-glass fibre prepreg co-cured single lap joints [Forthcoming]. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Deng, Y., Tong, L., Roy, A., Faisal, S., Hassan, M., Minett, A., Gomes, V. (2017). In-situ direct grafting of graphene quantum dots onto carbon fibre by low temperature chemical synthesis for high performance flexible fabric supercapacitor. Materials Today Communications, 10, 112-119. [More Information]
  • Alfouneh, M., Tong, L. (2017). Maximizing modal damping in layered structures via multi-objective topology optimization. Engineering Structures, 132, 637-647. [More Information]
  • Wang, J., Tong, L., Karihaloo, B. (2016). A bridging law and its application to the analysis of toughness of carbon nanotube-reinforced composites and pull-out of fibres grafted with nanotubes. Archive of Applied Mechanics, 86(1-2), 361-373. [More Information]
  • Sui, C., Luo, Q., He, X., Tong, L., Zhang, K., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y., Wu, J., Wang, C. (2016). A study of mechanical peeling behavior in a junction assembled by two individual carbon nanotubes. Carbon, 107, 651-657. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2016). An algorithm for eradicating the effects of void elements on structural topology optimization for nonlinear compliance. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 53(4), 695-714. [More Information]
  • Wang, Y., Tong, L. (2016). Closed-form Formulas for Adhesion Energy of Blister Tests under Pressure and Point Load. Journal of Adhesion, 92(3), 171-193. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2016). Design of cellular structures with multi-volume fractions using topology optimization. Jisuan Lixue Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Computational Mechanics, 33(4), 516-521. [More Information]
  • Chen, W., Liu, S., Tong, L., Li, S. (2016). Design of multi-layered porous fibrous metals for optimal sound absorption in the low frequency range. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters, 6(1), 42-48. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L. (2016). Effects of hygrothermal and ambient humidity conditioning on shear strength of metal-GFRP single lap joints co-cured in and out of water. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 68, 305-316. [More Information]
  • Guo, J., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Liang, W. (2016). Effects of short carbon fibres and nanoparticles on mechanical, thermal and shape memory properties of SMP hybrid nanocomposites. Composites Part B, 90, 152-159. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2016). Elimination of the Effects of Low Density Elements in Topology Optimization of Buckling Structures. International Journal of Computational Methods, 13(6), 1-37. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Deng, Y., Tong, L., Faisal, S., Roy, A., Minett, A., Gomes, V. (2016). Grafting carbon nanotubes directly onto carbon fibers for superior mechanical stability: Towards next generation aerospace composites and energy storage applications. Carbon, 96, 701-710. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L. (2016). Influence of pinning on static strength of co-cured metal-GFRP hybrid single lap joints. Composites: Part A, 84, 196-208. [More Information]
  • Gao, R., Zhang, Y., Zhao, J., Chen, W., Liu, S., Tong, L. (2016). Integrated design optimization of MFC-layout form and control parameters for morphing structural shapes. Jixie Gongcheng Xuebao/Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 52(18), 177-183. [More Information]
  • He, R., Zheng, S., Tong, L. (2016). Multimodal Vibration Control of Photo-Electric Laminated Thin Cylindrical Shells Via Self-Organizing Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control. Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, 138(4), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2016). Solutions for Clamped Adhesively Bonded Single Lap Joint With Movement of Support End and Its Application to a Carbon Nanotube Junction in Tension. Journal of Adhesion, 92(5), 349-379. [More Information]
  • Li, Q., Chen, W., Liu, S., Tong, L. (2016). Structural topology optimization considering connectivity constraint. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 54(4), 971-984. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L. (2016). Suspended monolayer graphene traps high-speed single-walled carbon nanotube. Carbon, 107, 689-695. [More Information]
  • Li, C., Tong, L. (2016). Topology optimization of incompressible materials based on the mixed SBFEM. Computers and Structures, 165, 24-33. [More Information]
  • Li, C., Tong, L. (2015). 2D fracture analysis of magnetoelectroelastic composites by the SBFEM. Composite Structures, 132(2015), 984-994. [More Information]
  • Li, C., Tong, L. (2015). A mixed SBFEM for stress singularities in nearly incompressible multi-materials. Computers and Structures, 157(2015), 19-30. [More Information]
  • Liu, S., Li, Q., Chen, W., Tong, L., Cheng, G. (2015). An identification method for enclosed voids restriction in manufacturability design for additive manufacturing structures. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 10(2), 126-137. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2015). Design and testing for shape control of piezoelectric structures using topology optimization. Engineering Structures, 97, 90-104. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Tong, L., Wang, Z. (2015). Effect of temperature on magnetic field-induced response of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 26(17), 2395-2410. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L. (2015). Effects of initial blister radius and shaft diameter on energy release rate of metal-polymer composite coating. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 62, 107-123. [More Information]
  • Zheng, S., Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2015). Finite element formulations and algorithms for coupled multiphysics analysis of 0-1 and 0-3 polarized PLZT actuators. International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 49(4), 513-530. [More Information]
  • Liu, S., Li, Q., Chen, W., Hu, R., Tong, L. (2015). H-DGTP-a Heaviside-function based directional growth topology parameterization for design optimization of stiffener layout and height of thin-walled structures. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 52(5), 903-913. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2015). Optimal Designs for Vibrating Structures Using a Moving Isosurface Threshold Method With Experimental Study. Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, 137(6), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Guo, J., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Lv, H., Liang, W. (2015). Shape memory and thermo-mechanical properties of shape memory polymer/carbon fiber composites. Composites: Part A, 76, 162-171. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2015). Structural topology optimization for maximum linear buckling loads by using a moving iso-surface threshold method. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 52(1), 71-90. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., He, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Li, Y., Song, Q., Lv, X., Shang, Y., Peng, Q., Li, J. (2015). Tensile failure mechanisms of individual junctions assembled by two carbon nanotubes. Composites Science and Technology, 110, 159-165. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L., Falzon, P. (2014). Influence of metal surface preparation on its surface profile, contact angle, surface energy and adhesion with glass fibre prepreg. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 51, 32-41. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Tong, L., Wang, Z. (2014). Macroscopic response of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals considering the effects of residual reorientation strain and temperature. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 25(13), 1566-1584. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Peng, Q., Wu, J., He, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Li, J., Moody, S., Liu, H., Wang, R., et al (2014). Mechanical characteristics of individual multi-layer graphene-oxide sheets under direct tensile loading. Carbon, 80(1), 279-289. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X., Wagner, H., Wang, R. (2014). Molecular dynamic simulation of oblique pullout of carbon nanotube from resin. Computational Materials Science, 83, 504-512. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2014). Selection of integral functions for normal mode analysis in topology optimization. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 795-800. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Li, Y., Tong, L., Song, Q., Li, K., Li, J., Peng, Q., He, X., Wang, R., Jiao, W., et al (2014). The role of grafting force and surface wettability in interfacial enhancement of carbon nanotube/carbon fiber hierarchical composites. Carbon, 69, 239-246. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2014). Topology Optimisation of 3D Structures using the Moving Iso-Surface Threshold Method. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 801-806. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2014). Topology optimisation via the moving iso-surface threshold method: implementation and application. Aeronautical Journal, 118(1201), 315-342.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2013). Adaptive pressure-controlled cellular structures for shape morphing I: design and analysis. Smart Materials and Structures, 22(5), 1-16. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2013). Adaptive pressure-controlled cellular structures for shape morphing: II. Numerical and experimental validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 22, 1-12. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Zhou, B., Fu, J. (2013). Experimental and numerical investigation on the macroscopic mechanical behavior of shape memory alloy hybrid composite with weak interface. Composite Structures, 101, 301-312. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Tang, X. (2013). Macroscopic Mechanical Characterization of SMAs Fiber-Reinforced Hybrid Composite Under Uniaxial Loading. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 22(10), 3055-3062. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., He, X., Tong, L., Peng, Q., Wang, R., Li, Y., Li, Y. (2013). Theoretical prediction and experimental verification of pulling carbon nanotubes from carbon fiber prepared by chemical grafting method. Composites: Part A, 50, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2013). Topology Optimized Design and Testing of a Pressure-Driven Morphing Aerofoil Trailing Edge Structure. AIAA Journal, 51(8), 1898-1907. [More Information]
  • He, X., Wang, C., Tong, L., Li, Y., Peng, Q., Mei, L., Wang, R. (2012). A pullout model for inclined carbon nanotube. Mechanics of Materials, 52, 28-39. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Analytic formulas of energy release rates for delamination using a global-local method. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 49(23-24), 3335-3344. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Design and Testing of Pressurized Cellular Planar Morphing Structures. AIAA Journal, 50(6), 1328-1338. [More Information]
  • He, X., Wang, C., Tong, L., Wang, R., Cao, A., Peng, Q., Moody, S., Li, Y. (2012). Direct measurement of grafting strength between an individual carbon nanotube and a carbon fiber. Carbon, 50(10), 3782-3788. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., He, X., Mei, L., Tong, L., Wang, R., Li, Y. (2012). Interfacial shear behavior of 3D composites reinforced with CNT-grafted carbon fibers. Composites: Part A, 43(8), 1410-1418. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Laminated plate formulation for photostrictive actuators and sensors. Journal of Composite Materials, 46(5), 557-573. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X. (2012). MD simulation of carbon nanotube pullout behavior and its use in determining mode I delamination toughness. Computational Materials Science, 55(2), 356-364. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Multifunctional behaviors of an indium tin oxide/PbLa(ZrTi)O3/indium tin oxide wafer illuminated by ultraviolet light. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 23(7), 765-774. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L., Wong, K. (2012). Realization of morphing wings: A multidisciplinary challenge. Journal of Aircraft: devoted to aeronautical science and technology, 49(1), 11-28. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Zhou, B., Tong, L., Wang, X. (2012). Simulation and analysis of shape memory alloy fiber reinforced composite based on cohesive zone model. Materials and Design, 40(September 2012), 138-147. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L. (2012). Validation and enhancements for the localised experimental-numerical technique. Composites Part B, 43(5), 2359-2374. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). 3D Model of Coupled Multi-physics Fields for PLZT Ceramics and Its Applications to Photostrictive Plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 22(1), 17-30. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L. (2011). A localised experimental-numerical technique for determining mixed mode strain energy release rates. Composite Structures, 94(1), 132-142. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2011). A variational principle and finite element formulation for multi-physics PLZT ceramics. Mechanics Research Communications, 38(3), 198-202. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2011). An experimental study on mode I and II fracture toughness of laminates stitched with a one-sided stitching technique. Composites: Part A, 42(2), 203-210. [More Information]
  • Kang, Z., Wang, R., Tong, L. (2011). Combined optimization of bi-material structural layout and voltage distribution for in-plane piezoelectric actuation. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 200(13-16), 1467-1478. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X. (2011). Molecular Dynamic Simulation of Sword-Sheath Extraction Behavior in CNT Reinforced Composite. Polymers and Polymer Composites, 19(2-3), 113-118. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Luo, Q., Tong, L., Gao, W., Song, C. (2011). Shape morphing of laminated composite structures with photostrictive actuators via topology optimization. Composite Structures, 93(2), 406-418. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Lin, J. (2011). Structural topology optimization with implicit design variable-optimality and algorithm. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 47(8), 922-932. [More Information]
  • Gu, Y., Tong, L., Tan, P. (2011). Surface strain distribution method for delamination detection using piezoelectric actuators and sensors. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 305(1, Article number 012077), 012077-1-012077-10. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). Ultraviolet-light-induced multi-physics behaviors of 0-3 polarized transparent PLZT plates: I. Experimental testing. Smart Materials and Structures, 20, 115004-1-115004-12. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). Ultraviolet-light-induced multi-physics behaviors of 0-3 polarized transparent PLZT plates: II. Finite element analysis and validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 20(11), 115005-1-115005-12. [More Information]
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2010). A new multi-objective programming scheme for topology optimization of compliant mechanisms. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 40(1-6), 241-255. [More Information]
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2010). Design of Adaptive Cores of Sandwich Structures Using a Compliant Unit Cell Approach and Topology Optimization. Journal of Mechanical Design, 132(8), 081012-1-081012-8. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2010). Multi-physics field models of photostrictive unimorphs and heterogeneous bimorphs subjected to light illumination and mechanical loading. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 47(16), 2006-2016. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2010). Nonlinear magneto-mechanical finite element analysis of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Smart Materials and Structures, 19(1), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2010). The effect of stitch incline angle on mode I fracture toughness - Experimental and modelling. Composite Structures, 92(7), 1620-1630. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Kang, Z. (2009). A level set method for structural shape and topology optimization using radial basis functions. Computers and Structures, 87(7-8), 425-434. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Analytical solutions for nonlinear analysis of composite single-lap adhesive joints. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 29, 144-154. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Calculation of Energy Release Rates for Cohesive and Interlaminar Delamination Based on the Classical Beam-adhesive Model. Journal of Composite Materials, 43(4), 1-348. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Constitutive equations for 0-3 polarized PLZT actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 46(25-26), 4313-4321. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Constitutive Modeling of Photostrictive Materials and Design Optimization of Microcantilevers. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 20(12), 1425-1437. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2009). Coupled algorithms for piezoelectric actuator design optimization for shape control of smart structures. International Journal of Computational Methods, 6(4), 501-519. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Luo, J., Wei, P., Wang, M. (2009). Design of piezoelectric actuators using a multiphase level set method of piecewise constants. Journal of Computational Physics, 228(7), 2643-2659. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Energy release rates for interlaminar delamination in laminates considering transverse shear effects. Composite Structures, 89(2), 235-244. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Sun, X., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2009). Failure of Stitched Composite L-Joints Under Tensile Loading - Experiment and Simulation. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 28(6), 715-742. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Fracture Prediction of Adhesively Bonded Structures Using Energy Release Rates. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 23, 1415-1440. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Ma, H. (2009). Shape and topology optimization for electrothermomechanical microactuators using level set methods. Journal of Computational Physics, 228(9), 3173-3181. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2009). Traction law for inclined through-thickness reinforcement using a geometrical approach. Composite Structures, 88(4), 558-569. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2008). A level set method for shape and topology optimization of large-displacement compliant mechanisms. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 76(6), 862-892. [More Information]
  • Luo, J., Luo, Z., Chen, S., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). A new level set method for systematic design of hinge-free compliant mechanisms. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 198(2), 318-331. [More Information]
  • Luo, J., Luo, Z., Chen, L., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). A semi-implicit level set method for structural shape and topology optimization. Journal of Computational Physics, 227(11), 5561-5581. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2008). Analytical solutions for adhesive composite joints considering large deflection and transverse shear deformation in adherends. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 45(22-23), 5914-5935. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). Design of distributed compliant micromechanisms with an implicit free boundary representation. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 36(6), 607-621. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X., Tan, P. (2008). Effect of Long Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes on Delamination Toughness of Laminated Composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 42(1), 5-23. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Sun, X. (2008). Effective properties for plain weave composites through-thickness reinforced with carbon nanotube forests. Composite Structures, 84(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Kang, Z., Tong, L. (2008). Integrated Optimization of Material Layout and Control Voltage for Piezoelectric Laminated Plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 19, 889-904. [More Information]
  • Chen, J., Tong, L., Wei, J., Sun, D. (2008). Numerical investigation on multiphase coupling heat conduction with subcooling boiling boundary conditions and effect of shape during quenching process. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 203, 86-94. [More Information]
  • Liu, S., Tong, L., Lin, Z. (2008). Simultaneous optimization of control parameters and configurations of PZT actuators for morphing structural shapes. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 44, 417-424. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2008). Theoretical investigation on wireless vibration control of thin beams using photostrictive actuators. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 312, 182-194. [More Information]
  • Kang, Z., Tong, L. (2008). Topology optimization-based distribution design of actuation voltage in static shape control of plates. Computers and Structures, 86(19-20), 1885-1893. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2007). A new ENF test specimen for the mode II delamination toughness testing of stitched woven CFRP laminates. Journal of Composite Materials, 41(14), 1743-1772. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). A segment based sequential least squares algorithm with optimum energy control for tracking the dynamic shapes of smart structures. Smart Materials and Structures, 16(5), 1517-1526. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2007). Bending effect of through-thickness reinforcement rods on mode II delamination toughness of ENF specimen: Elastic and rigid-perfectly plastic analyses. Composites: Part A, 38(2), 323-336. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Closed-Form Solutions for Nonlinear Analysis of Single-Sided Bonded Composite Patch Repairs. AIAA Journal, 45(12), 2957-2965. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Delamination detection of a laminated beam using magnetostrictive composite sensor and actuator. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 26(8), 831-846. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, Q., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2007). Evolutionary piezoelectric actuators design optimisation for static shape control of smart plates. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 197, 47-60. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Experimental and analytical identification of a delamination using isolated PZT sensor and actuator patches. Journal of Composite Materials, 41(4), 477-492. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Fully-coupled nonlinear analysis of single lap adhesive joints. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44(7-8), 2349-2370. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2007). Modeling of wireless remote shape control for beams using nonlinear photostrictive actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44, 672-684. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Wang, M., Wang, S. (2007). Shape and topology optimization of compliant mechanisms using a parameterization level set method. Journal of Computational Physics, 227, 680-705. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Katzos, A., Rispler, A., Mai, Y. (2007). The effect of stitch distribution on Mode I delamination toughness of stitched laminated composites - experimental results and FEA simulation. Composites Science and Technology, 67(6), 1058-1072. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2007). Three-dimensional constitutive equations for Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 313, 214-229. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Voltage and evolutionary piezoelectric actuator design optimisation for static shape control of smart plate structures. Materials and Design, 28(2), 387-399. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Tong, L., Sun, X. (2006). A parametric study on the design of stitched laminated DCB specimens. Composite Structures, 75(1-4), 72-78. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2006). A sensor charge output deviation method for delamination detection using isolated piezoelectric actuator and sensor patches. Composites Part B, 37(7-8), 583-592. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2006). A sequential linear least square algorithm for tracking dynamic shapes of smart structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 67(1), 66-88. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2006). High precision shape control of plates using orthotropic piezoelectric actuators. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 42(11), 1009-1020. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2006). Multiple delamination detection of composite beam using magnetostrictive patch. AIAA Journal, 44(11), 2547-2551. [More Information]
  • Chen, B., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2006). Precise time integration for linear two-point boundary value problems. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 175(1), 182-211. [More Information]
  • Chen, W., Sun, D., Wang, D., Wei, J., Tong, L., Wang, Q. (2006). Reduction approaches for vibration control of repetitive structures. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 27(5), 637-644. [More Information]
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L., Rider, A., Wang, J. (2005). Analysis of energy release rate for fatigue cracked metal-to-metal double-lap shear joints. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 25(2), 181-191. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Design optimization of piezoelectric actuator patterns for static shape control of smart plates. Smart Materials and Structures, 14(6), 1353-1362. [More Information]
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2005). Effective optimisation of continuum topologies through a multi-GA system. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194(30-33), 3416-3437. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Energy optimization in local shape control of structures with nonlinear piezoelectric actuators. AIAA Journal, 43(10), 2210-2217. [More Information]
  • Zhu, J., Gu, Y., Tong, L. (2005). Formulation of reference surface element and its applications in dynamic analysis of delaminated composite beams. Composite Structures, 68(4), 481-490. [More Information]
  • Tang, W., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2005). Improved genetic algorithm for design optimization of truss structures with size, shape and topology variables. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 62(13), 1737-1762. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2005). Modelling of magneto-mechanical behavior of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 292, 394-412. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Optimal voltage design for static shape control of smart structures with nonlinear piezoelectric actuators. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 24(4), 355-373. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Jin, D., Chen, W., Wang, D. (2005). Static shape control of repetitive structures integrated with piezoelectric actuators. Smart Materials and Structures, 14(6), 1410-1420. [More Information]
  • Chen, B., Tong, L. (2005). Thermo-mechanically coupled sensitivity analysis and design optimization of functionally graded materials. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194(18-20), 1891-1911. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). A Compressional-Shear Model For Vibratoin Control Of Beams With Active Constrained Layer Damping. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 46(9), 1307-1325. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). A Delamination Detection Model For Composite Beams Using Pfrc Sensor/Actuator. Composites: Part A, 35(2), 231-247. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Adhesive Element Modelling And Weighted Static Shape Control Of Composite Plates With Piezoelectric Actuator Patches. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 60(11), 1911-1932. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). An Accurate Laminated Element For Piezoelectric Smart Beams Including Peel Stress. Computational Mechanics, 33(2), 108-120. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). An Adhesively Laminated Plate Element For Pzt Smart Plates. Computational Mechanics, 34(3), 224-236. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). An Equivalent Model For Smart Beams With Debonded Piezoelectric Patches. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 276(3-5), 933-956. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2004). An Incremental Algorithm For Static Shape Control Of Smart Structures With Nonlinear Piezoelectric Actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(9-10), 2277-2292. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2004). Bending Effect Of Through-Thickness Reinforcement Rods On Mode I Delamination Toughness Of Dcb Specimen. I. Linearly Elastic And Rigid-Perfectly Plastic Models. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(24-25), 6831-6852. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Curvature Effect On Fracture Toughness Of Cracked Cylindrical Shells Boned With Patches. AIAA Journal, 42(12), 2585-2591.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Delamination Detection Of Composite Beams Using Piezoelectric Sensors With Evenly Distributed Electrode Strips. Journal of Composite Materials, 38(4), 321-352.
  • Sun, X., Tong, L., Wood, M., Mai, Y. (2004). Effect Of Stitch Distribution On Mode I Delamination Toughness Of Laminated Dcb Specimens. Composites Science and Technology, 64(7-8), 967-981. [More Information]
  • Sun, X., Tong, L. (2004). Fracture Toughness Analysis Of Inclined Crack In Cylindrical Shell Repaired With Bonded Composite Patch. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 639-645. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Identification Of Delamination In A Composite Beam Using Integrated Piezoelectric Sensor/Actuator Layer. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 391-398. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). Linear And Higher Order Displacement Theories For Adhesively Bonded Lap Joints. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(22-23), 6351-6381. [More Information]
  • Yang, T., Li, Z., Wang, J., Tong, L. (2004). Overall Moduli And Natural Frequencies Of Composite Laminates Containing Multiple Interlaminar Transverse Cracks. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 223-230. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Prediction Of Non-Linear Electromagnetoelastic Properties For Piezoelectric/Piezomagnetic Fibre Reinforced Composites. Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Proceedings. Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 218(L2), 111-127. [More Information]
  • Chen, B., Tong, L. (2004). Sensitivity Analysis Of Heat Conduction For Functionally Graded Materials. Materials and Design, 25(8), 663-672. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2004). Shape Control Of Smart Composite Plate With Non-Rectangular Piezoelectric Actuators. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 207-214. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Static Shape Control Of Structures Using Nonlinear Piezoelectric Actuators With Energy Constraints. Smart Materials and Structures, 13(5), 1059-1068. [More Information]
  • Chen, B., Tong, L., Gu, Y., Zhang, H., Ochoa, O. (2004). Transient Heat Transfer Analysis Of Functionally Graded Materials Using Adaptive Precise Time Integration And Graded Finite Elements. Numerical Heat Transfer Part B-Fundamentals, 45(2), 181-200. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Adhesive elements for stress analysis of bonded patch to curved thin-walled structures. Computational Mechanics, 30(2), 143-154. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Closed-loop based detection of debonding of piezoelectric actuator patches in controlled beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(10), 2449-2471. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Effect of debonding in active constrained layer damping patches on hybrid control of smart beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(7), 1633-1651. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2003). Exact dynamic solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. I : Theory and application. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(18), 4789-4812. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2003). Exact dynamic solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. Part 2: Numerical results, comparison and approximate solution. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(18), 4813-4836. [More Information]
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2003). Knowledge-based algorithms in fixed-grid GA shape optimization. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58(4), 643-660. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Nonlinear stress analysis for bonded patch to curved thin-walled structures. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 23(5), 349-364. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Optimization of Ply Drop-offs in Bonded Patch to Cylindrical Shell Structures. Journal of Composite Materials, 37(14), 1289-1314. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Optimum Control Voltage Design for Constrained Static Shape Control of Piezoelectric Structures. AIAA Journal, 41(12), 2444-2450.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Shape optimization of bonded patch to cylindrical shell structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58(5), 793-820. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). A micro-electromechanics model for the 3-D PFRC materials. Journal of Composite Materials, 36(2), 127-141. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). A one-dimensional model for non-linear behaviour of piezoelectric composite materials. Composite Structures, 58(4), 551-561. [More Information]
  • Qi, B., Ness, R., Tong, L. (2002). A stitched blade-stiffened RFI composite panel under shear loading. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21(3), 255-276. [More Information]
  • Wang, J., Tong, L. (2002). A study of the vibration of delaminated beams using a nonlinear anti-interpenetration constraint model. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 483-488. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Control stability analysis of smart beams with debonded piezoelectric actuator layer. AIAA Journal, 40(9), 1852-1859.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Sun, D. (2002). Dynamic characteristics of a beam system with active piezoelectric fiber reinforced composite layers. Composites Part B, 33(7), 545-555. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Tan, P., Steven, G. (2002). Effect of yarn waviness on strengths of 3D orthogonal woven CFRP composite materials. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21(2), 153-173.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Exact static solutions to peizoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. II. Numerical results, comparison and discussion. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 39(18), 4697-4722. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Exact static solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. I. Theoretical formulation. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 39(18), 4677-4695. [More Information]
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L. (2002). Failure of adhesive bonded composite lap shear joints with embedded precrack. Composites Science and Technology, 62(7-8), 1079-1095. [More Information]
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L., Wang, C., Baker, A., Chalkley, P. (2002). Fatigue crack growth in adhesively bonded composite-metal double-lap joints. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 109-115. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). Investigation of loading assumptions on the effective electroelastic constants for PFRC materials. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 101-108. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2002). Modal actuator/sensor by modulating thickness of piezoelectric layers for smart plates. AIAA Journal, 40(8), 1676-1679. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Modeling and analysis of curved beams with debonded piezoelectric sensor/actuator patches. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 44(8), 1755-1777. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Modelling and vibration control of beams with partially debonded active constrained layer damping patch. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 252(3), 493-507. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). Modelling for the electro-magneto-thermo-elastic properties of piezoelectric-magnetic fiber reinforced composites. Composites: Part A, 33(5), 631-645. [More Information]
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2002). Piezoelectric actuator orientation optimization for static shape control of composite plates. Composite Structures, 55, 169-184. [More Information]
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2002). Static shape control of composite plates using a slope-displacement-based algorithm. AIAA Journal, 40(8), 1611-1618.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Atluri,, S. (2001). Effects of piezoelectric sensor/actuator debonding on vibration control of smart beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 9033-9051.
  • Higgs, W., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Lateral Buckling behavior of pneumatically stiffened, reinforced composite beams in bending. AIAA Journal, 39, 303-307.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Mechanical behavior for 3-D orthogonal woven E-glass/epoxy composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20(04), 274-303.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2001). Micro-electromechanics models for piezoelectric-fiber-reinforced composite materials. Composites Science and Technology, 61, 759-769.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2001). Micromechanics models for non-linear behavior of piezo-electrid fiber reinforced composite materials. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 8999-9032.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Modal control of smart shells by optimized discretely distributed piezoelectric transducers. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 3281-3299.
  • Sun, X., Tong, L., Chen, H. (2001). Progressive failure analysis of laminated plates with delamination. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20(16), 1370-1389.
  • Tong, L., Sun, D., Atluri,, S. (2001). Sensing and actuating behaviours of piezoelectric layers with debonding in smart beams. Smart Materials and Structures, 10, 713-723.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Sensor/actuator equations for curved piezoelectric fibers and vibration control of composite beams using fiber modal actuators/sensors. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 241, 297-314.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Static shape control of composite plates using a curvature-displacement based algorithm. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 6381-6403.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2001). Vibration control of plates using discretely distributed piezoelectrid quasi-modal actuators/sensors. AIAA Journal, 39(9), 1766-1772.

Conferences

  • Deng, Y., Tong, L. (2016). Increasing fracture toughness for 3D multiscale carbon nanotube and carbon fiber reinforced composites. 15th International Conference on Fracture and Damage Mechanics (FDM 2016), Zurich: Trans Tech Publications Ltd. [More Information]
  • Alfouneh, M., Tong, L. (2015). Topological design of stiffener for static bending of stiffened and sandwiched plates. The 2nd Australasian Conference on Computational Mechanics (ACCM 2015), Switzerland: Trans Tech Publications.
  • Islam, M., Tong, L., Falzon, P. (2013). Metal surface profile and residual stress: Persuasion of adhesion. 22nd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM 2012), Boca Rato: CRC Press. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Design Considerations of a Pressure Driven Morphing Wing Structure. 28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), UK: Optimage Ltd.
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Pressurized Morphing Wing Structures. 53rd AIAA Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, United States: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Stiffness, Stress and Morphing Design of Wing Structures via Structural Topology Optimisation. 3RD AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL DESIGN Conference, United Kingdom: Royal Aeronautical Society.
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2009). An Evolutionary Method of Dynamic Level Sets for Shape and Topology Optimization Using X-Fem. International Conference on Extended Finite Element Methods XFEM 2009 - Recent Developments and Applications, Germany: RWTH Aachen University.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Use of optically transparent lead lanthanum zirconate titanate as actuators and sensors. 2nd International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering SMN 2009, United States: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2008). Moving least square approximation for tracking dynamic shapes of smart structures. 7th European Conference on Structural Dynamics, UK: University of Southampton.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Active vibration control of a laminated composite beam using MFRC patches. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Nonlinear Analysis of Bonded Composite Patch Repairs. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X., Tan, P. (2007). On the effect of long carbon nanotubes on mode i delamination toughness of laminated composites. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2005). A Dynamic Model for Delamination Identification using MFRC Patch. 2nd International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, London, UK: Taylor and Francis.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Delamination Detection Of A Magnetostrictive Composite Beam Using A Movable Sensing And Actuation Coil. 11th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials, Japan: Yamagata University, Japan.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2004). Modal Shape Control Of Smart Composite Plates Using Piezoelectric Actuators. 14th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-14), Dearborn, Michigan, USA: Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
  • Zhang, L., Tong, L., Gal,, J. (2002). Applied Mechanics: Progress and Applications. Australasia Congress on Applied Mechanics, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Frequency response of beams with debonded piezoelectric actuator layer. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Peeling effects on performance of piezoelectric actuators and sensors in smart beams. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2002). Shape control of smart composite plate structures with non-rectangular shaped PZT actuators. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2002). Shape optimization of a bonded patch to a cylindrical shell. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Steven, G., Querin, O. (2001). Displacement and stress based fitness function considerations in FG-GA shape optimisation. 3rd ASMO UK/ISSMO Conference. Ads & Adea.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2001). Implementation of knowledge based algorithms in FG-GA structuralshape optimisation. 4th World congress of Structural and Multidisiplinary optimization. Ads & Adea.
  • Tong, L., Tan, P. (2001). Micro-electromechanics models for the electro-magneto-elastic properties of PEMFRC materials. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2001). Stress analysis of curved joints with non-uniform bondline thickness. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Vibration control of beams with debonded active constrained layer damping. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.

2017

  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2017). A deformation mechanism based material model for topology optimization of laminated composite plates and shells. Composite Structures, 159, 246-256. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2017). A novel algorithm using an orthotropic material model for topology optimization [Forthcoming]. Engineering Optimization. [More Information]
  • Guo, J., Liu, J., Wang, Z., He, X., Hu, L., Tong, L., Tang, X. (2017). A thermodynamics viscoelastic constitutive model for shape memory polymers. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 705, 146-155. [More Information]
  • Chen, W., Tong, L., Liu, S. (2017). Concurrent topology design of structure and material using a two-scale topology optimization. Computers and Structures, 178, 119-128. [More Information]
  • Chang, M., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Liang, W. (2017). Effect of geometric size on mechanical properties of dielectric elastomers based on an improved visco-hyperelastic film model. Smart Materials and Structures, 26(3), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L. (2017). Effect of hygrothermal conditioning on the energy release rate and failure mechanism of metal only adherend-glass fibre prepreg co-cured single lap joints [Forthcoming]. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Deng, Y., Tong, L., Roy, A., Faisal, S., Hassan, M., Minett, A., Gomes, V. (2017). In-situ direct grafting of graphene quantum dots onto carbon fibre by low temperature chemical synthesis for high performance flexible fabric supercapacitor. Materials Today Communications, 10, 112-119. [More Information]
  • Alfouneh, M., Tong, L. (2017). Maximizing modal damping in layered structures via multi-objective topology optimization. Engineering Structures, 132, 637-647. [More Information]

2016

  • Wang, J., Tong, L., Karihaloo, B. (2016). A bridging law and its application to the analysis of toughness of carbon nanotube-reinforced composites and pull-out of fibres grafted with nanotubes. Archive of Applied Mechanics, 86(1-2), 361-373. [More Information]
  • Sui, C., Luo, Q., He, X., Tong, L., Zhang, K., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y., Wu, J., Wang, C. (2016). A study of mechanical peeling behavior in a junction assembled by two individual carbon nanotubes. Carbon, 107, 651-657. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2016). An algorithm for eradicating the effects of void elements on structural topology optimization for nonlinear compliance. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 53(4), 695-714. [More Information]
  • Wang, Y., Tong, L. (2016). Closed-form Formulas for Adhesion Energy of Blister Tests under Pressure and Point Load. Journal of Adhesion, 92(3), 171-193. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2016). Design of cellular structures with multi-volume fractions using topology optimization. Jisuan Lixue Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Computational Mechanics, 33(4), 516-521. [More Information]
  • Chen, W., Liu, S., Tong, L., Li, S. (2016). Design of multi-layered porous fibrous metals for optimal sound absorption in the low frequency range. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters, 6(1), 42-48. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L. (2016). Effects of hygrothermal and ambient humidity conditioning on shear strength of metal-GFRP single lap joints co-cured in and out of water. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 68, 305-316. [More Information]
  • Guo, J., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Liang, W. (2016). Effects of short carbon fibres and nanoparticles on mechanical, thermal and shape memory properties of SMP hybrid nanocomposites. Composites Part B, 90, 152-159. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2016). Elimination of the Effects of Low Density Elements in Topology Optimization of Buckling Structures. International Journal of Computational Methods, 13(6), 1-37. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Deng, Y., Tong, L., Faisal, S., Roy, A., Minett, A., Gomes, V. (2016). Grafting carbon nanotubes directly onto carbon fibers for superior mechanical stability: Towards next generation aerospace composites and energy storage applications. Carbon, 96, 701-710. [More Information]
  • Deng, Y., Tong, L. (2016). Increasing fracture toughness for 3D multiscale carbon nanotube and carbon fiber reinforced composites. 15th International Conference on Fracture and Damage Mechanics (FDM 2016), Zurich: Trans Tech Publications Ltd. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L. (2016). Influence of pinning on static strength of co-cured metal-GFRP hybrid single lap joints. Composites: Part A, 84, 196-208. [More Information]
  • Gao, R., Zhang, Y., Zhao, J., Chen, W., Liu, S., Tong, L. (2016). Integrated design optimization of MFC-layout form and control parameters for morphing structural shapes. Jixie Gongcheng Xuebao/Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 52(18), 177-183. [More Information]
  • He, R., Zheng, S., Tong, L. (2016). Multimodal Vibration Control of Photo-Electric Laminated Thin Cylindrical Shells Via Self-Organizing Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control. Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, 138(4), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2016). Solutions for Clamped Adhesively Bonded Single Lap Joint With Movement of Support End and Its Application to a Carbon Nanotube Junction in Tension. Journal of Adhesion, 92(5), 349-379. [More Information]
  • Li, Q., Chen, W., Liu, S., Tong, L. (2016). Structural topology optimization considering connectivity constraint. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 54(4), 971-984. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L. (2016). Suspended monolayer graphene traps high-speed single-walled carbon nanotube. Carbon, 107, 689-695. [More Information]
  • Li, C., Tong, L. (2016). Topology optimization of incompressible materials based on the mixed SBFEM. Computers and Structures, 165, 24-33. [More Information]

2015

  • Li, C., Tong, L. (2015). 2D fracture analysis of magnetoelectroelastic composites by the SBFEM. Composite Structures, 132(2015), 984-994. [More Information]
  • Li, C., Tong, L. (2015). A mixed SBFEM for stress singularities in nearly incompressible multi-materials. Computers and Structures, 157(2015), 19-30. [More Information]
  • Liu, S., Li, Q., Chen, W., Tong, L., Cheng, G. (2015). An identification method for enclosed voids restriction in manufacturability design for additive manufacturing structures. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 10(2), 126-137. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2015). Design and testing for shape control of piezoelectric structures using topology optimization. Engineering Structures, 97, 90-104. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Tong, L., Wang, Z. (2015). Effect of temperature on magnetic field-induced response of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 26(17), 2395-2410. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L. (2015). Effects of initial blister radius and shaft diameter on energy release rate of metal-polymer composite coating. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 62, 107-123. [More Information]
  • Zheng, S., Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2015). Finite element formulations and algorithms for coupled multiphysics analysis of 0-1 and 0-3 polarized PLZT actuators. International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 49(4), 513-530. [More Information]
  • Liu, S., Li, Q., Chen, W., Hu, R., Tong, L. (2015). H-DGTP-a Heaviside-function based directional growth topology parameterization for design optimization of stiffener layout and height of thin-walled structures. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 52(5), 903-913. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2015). Optimal Designs for Vibrating Structures Using a Moving Isosurface Threshold Method With Experimental Study. Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, 137(6), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Guo, J., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Lv, H., Liang, W. (2015). Shape memory and thermo-mechanical properties of shape memory polymer/carbon fiber composites. Composites: Part A, 76, 162-171. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2015). Structural topology optimization for maximum linear buckling loads by using a moving iso-surface threshold method. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 52(1), 71-90. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., He, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Li, Y., Song, Q., Lv, X., Shang, Y., Peng, Q., Li, J. (2015). Tensile failure mechanisms of individual junctions assembled by two carbon nanotubes. Composites Science and Technology, 110, 159-165. [More Information]
  • Alfouneh, M., Tong, L. (2015). Topological design of stiffener for static bending of stiffened and sandwiched plates. The 2nd Australasian Conference on Computational Mechanics (ACCM 2015), Switzerland: Trans Tech Publications.

2014

  • Islam, M., Tong, L., Falzon, P. (2014). Influence of metal surface preparation on its surface profile, contact angle, surface energy and adhesion with glass fibre prepreg. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 51, 32-41. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Tong, L., Wang, Z. (2014). Macroscopic response of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals considering the effects of residual reorientation strain and temperature. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 25(13), 1566-1584. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Peng, Q., Wu, J., He, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Li, J., Moody, S., Liu, H., Wang, R., et al (2014). Mechanical characteristics of individual multi-layer graphene-oxide sheets under direct tensile loading. Carbon, 80(1), 279-289. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X., Wagner, H., Wang, R. (2014). Molecular dynamic simulation of oblique pullout of carbon nanotube from resin. Computational Materials Science, 83, 504-512. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2014). Selection of integral functions for normal mode analysis in topology optimization. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 795-800. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2014). The effect of stitch distribution and stitch pattern on mode I delamination toughness of stitched laminated composites. In L Ye, Y.-W. Mai, & Z. Su (Eds.), Composites Technologies For 2020, (pp. 243-248). U.K.: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
  • Wang, C., Li, Y., Tong, L., Song, Q., Li, K., Li, J., Peng, Q., He, X., Wang, R., Jiao, W., et al (2014). The role of grafting force and surface wettability in interfacial enhancement of carbon nanotube/carbon fiber hierarchical composites. Carbon, 69, 239-246. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2014). Topology Optimisation of 3D Structures using the Moving Iso-Surface Threshold Method. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 801-806. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2014). Topology optimisation via the moving iso-surface threshold method: implementation and application. Aeronautical Journal, 118(1201), 315-342.

2013

  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2013). Adaptive pressure-controlled cellular structures for shape morphing I: design and analysis. Smart Materials and Structures, 22(5), 1-16. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2013). Adaptive pressure-controlled cellular structures for shape morphing: II. Numerical and experimental validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 22, 1-12. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Zhou, B., Fu, J. (2013). Experimental and numerical investigation on the macroscopic mechanical behavior of shape memory alloy hybrid composite with weak interface. Composite Structures, 101, 301-312. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Tang, X. (2013). Macroscopic Mechanical Characterization of SMAs Fiber-Reinforced Hybrid Composite Under Uniaxial Loading. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 22(10), 3055-3062. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L., Falzon, P. (2013). Metal surface profile and residual stress: Persuasion of adhesion. 22nd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM 2012), Boca Rato: CRC Press. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., He, X., Tong, L., Peng, Q., Wang, R., Li, Y., Li, Y. (2013). Theoretical prediction and experimental verification of pulling carbon nanotubes from carbon fiber prepared by chemical grafting method. Composites: Part A, 50, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2013). Topology Optimized Design and Testing of a Pressure-Driven Morphing Aerofoil Trailing Edge Structure. AIAA Journal, 51(8), 1898-1907. [More Information]

2012

  • He, X., Wang, C., Tong, L., Li, Y., Peng, Q., Mei, L., Wang, R. (2012). A pullout model for inclined carbon nanotube. Mechanics of Materials, 52, 28-39. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Analytic formulas of energy release rates for delamination using a global-local method. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 49(23-24), 3335-3344. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Design and Testing of Pressurized Cellular Planar Morphing Structures. AIAA Journal, 50(6), 1328-1338. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Design Considerations of a Pressure Driven Morphing Wing Structure. 28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), UK: Optimage Ltd.
  • He, X., Wang, C., Tong, L., Wang, R., Cao, A., Peng, Q., Moody, S., Li, Y. (2012). Direct measurement of grafting strength between an individual carbon nanotube and a carbon fiber. Carbon, 50(10), 3782-3788. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., He, X., Mei, L., Tong, L., Wang, R., Li, Y. (2012). Interfacial shear behavior of 3D composites reinforced with CNT-grafted carbon fibers. Composites: Part A, 43(8), 1410-1418. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Laminated plate formulation for photostrictive actuators and sensors. Journal of Composite Materials, 46(5), 557-573. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X. (2012). MD simulation of carbon nanotube pullout behavior and its use in determining mode I delamination toughness. Computational Materials Science, 55(2), 356-364. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Multifunctional behaviors of an indium tin oxide/PbLa(ZrTi)O3/indium tin oxide wafer illuminated by ultraviolet light. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 23(7), 765-774. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Pressurized Morphing Wing Structures. 53rd AIAA Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, United States: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L., Wong, K. (2012). Realization of morphing wings: A multidisciplinary challenge. Journal of Aircraft: devoted to aeronautical science and technology, 49(1), 11-28. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Zhou, B., Tong, L., Wang, X. (2012). Simulation and analysis of shape memory alloy fiber reinforced composite based on cohesive zone model. Materials and Design, 40(September 2012), 138-147. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Stiffness, Stress and Morphing Design of Wing Structures via Structural Topology Optimisation. 3RD AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL DESIGN Conference, United Kingdom: Royal Aeronautical Society.
  • Brown, S., Tong, L. (2012). Validation and enhancements for the localised experimental-numerical technique. Composites Part B, 43(5), 2359-2374. [More Information]

2011

  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). 3D Model of Coupled Multi-physics Fields for PLZT Ceramics and Its Applications to Photostrictive Plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 22(1), 17-30. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L. (2011). A localised experimental-numerical technique for determining mixed mode strain energy release rates. Composite Structures, 94(1), 132-142. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2011). A variational principle and finite element formulation for multi-physics PLZT ceramics. Mechanics Research Communications, 38(3), 198-202. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2011). An experimental study on mode I and II fracture toughness of laminates stitched with a one-sided stitching technique. Composites: Part A, 42(2), 203-210. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2011). Analytical Approach to Joint Design. In Silva, Lucas F. M. da; Ochsner, Andreas; Adams, Robert D (Eds.), Handbook of Adhesion Technology, (pp. 597-627). Germany: Springer. [More Information]
  • Kang, Z., Wang, R., Tong, L. (2011). Combined optimization of bi-material structural layout and voltage distribution for in-plane piezoelectric actuation. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 200(13-16), 1467-1478. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Gong, X. (2011). Mixed mode energy release rates for bonded composite joints. In Pedro Camanho and Liyong Tong (Eds.), Composite joints and connections: Principles, modelling and testing, (pp. 435-462). Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X. (2011). Molecular Dynamic Simulation of Sword-Sheath Extraction Behavior in CNT Reinforced Composite. Polymers and Polymer Composites, 19(2-3), 113-118. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Luo, Q., Tong, L., Gao, W., Song, C. (2011). Shape morphing of laminated composite structures with photostrictive actuators via topology optimization. Composite Structures, 93(2), 406-418. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Lin, J. (2011). Structural topology optimization with implicit design variable-optimality and algorithm. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 47(8), 922-932. [More Information]
  • Gu, Y., Tong, L., Tan, P. (2011). Surface strain distribution method for delamination detection using piezoelectric actuators and sensors. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 305(1, Article number 012077), 012077-1-012077-10. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). Ultraviolet-light-induced multi-physics behaviors of 0-3 polarized transparent PLZT plates: I. Experimental testing. Smart Materials and Structures, 20, 115004-1-115004-12. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). Ultraviolet-light-induced multi-physics behaviors of 0-3 polarized transparent PLZT plates: II. Finite element analysis and validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 20(11), 115005-1-115005-12. [More Information]

2010

  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2010). A new multi-objective programming scheme for topology optimization of compliant mechanisms. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 40(1-6), 241-255. [More Information]
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2010). Design of Adaptive Cores of Sandwich Structures Using a Compliant Unit Cell Approach and Topology Optimization. Journal of Mechanical Design, 132(8), 081012-1-081012-8. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2010). Multi-physics field models of photostrictive unimorphs and heterogeneous bimorphs subjected to light illumination and mechanical loading. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 47(16), 2006-2016. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2010). Nonlinear magneto-mechanical finite element analysis of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Smart Materials and Structures, 19(1), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2010). The effect of stitch incline angle on mode I fracture toughness - Experimental and modelling. Composite Structures, 92(7), 1620-1630. [More Information]

2009

  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Kang, Z. (2009). A level set method for structural shape and topology optimization using radial basis functions. Computers and Structures, 87(7-8), 425-434. [More Information]
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2009). An Evolutionary Method of Dynamic Level Sets for Shape and Topology Optimization Using X-Fem. International Conference on Extended Finite Element Methods XFEM 2009 - Recent Developments and Applications, Germany: RWTH Aachen University.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Analytical solutions for nonlinear analysis of composite single-lap adhesive joints. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 29, 144-154. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Calculation of Energy Release Rates for Cohesive and Interlaminar Delamination Based on the Classical Beam-adhesive Model. Journal of Composite Materials, 43(4), 1-348. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Constitutive equations for 0-3 polarized PLZT actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 46(25-26), 4313-4321. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Constitutive Modeling of Photostrictive Materials and Design Optimization of Microcantilevers. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 20(12), 1425-1437. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2009). Coupled algorithms for piezoelectric actuator design optimization for shape control of smart structures. International Journal of Computational Methods, 6(4), 501-519. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Luo, J., Wei, P., Wang, M. (2009). Design of piezoelectric actuators using a multiphase level set method of piecewise constants. Journal of Computational Physics, 228(7), 2643-2659. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Energy release rates for interlaminar delamination in laminates considering transverse shear effects. Composite Structures, 89(2), 235-244. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Sun, X., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2009). Failure of Stitched Composite L-Joints Under Tensile Loading - Experiment and Simulation. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 28(6), 715-742. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Fracture Prediction of Adhesively Bonded Structures Using Energy Release Rates. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 23, 1415-1440. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Ma, H. (2009). Shape and topology optimization for electrothermomechanical microactuators using level set methods. Journal of Computational Physics, 228(9), 3173-3181. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2009). Traction law for inclined through-thickness reinforcement using a geometrical approach. Composite Structures, 88(4), 558-569. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Use of optically transparent lead lanthanum zirconate titanate as actuators and sensors. 2nd International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering SMN 2009, United States: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering. [More Information]

2008

  • Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2008). A level set method for shape and topology optimization of large-displacement compliant mechanisms. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 76(6), 862-892. [More Information]
  • Luo, J., Luo, Z., Chen, S., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). A new level set method for systematic design of hinge-free compliant mechanisms. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 198(2), 318-331. [More Information]
  • Luo, J., Luo, Z., Chen, L., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). A semi-implicit level set method for structural shape and topology optimization. Journal of Computational Physics, 227(11), 5561-5581. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2008). Analysis of cracked lap shear (CLS) joints. In Martins da Silva, Lucas Filipe; Ochsner, Andreas (Eds.), Modeling of Adhesively Bonded Joints, (pp. 22-51). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2008). Analytical solutions for adhesive composite joints considering large deflection and transverse shear deformation in adherends. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 45(22-23), 5914-5935. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). Design of distributed compliant micromechanisms with an implicit free boundary representation. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 36(6), 607-621. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X., Tan, P. (2008). Effect of Long Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes on Delamination Toughness of Laminated Composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 42(1), 5-23. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Sun, X. (2008). Effective properties for plain weave composites through-thickness reinforced with carbon nanotube forests. Composite Structures, 84(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2008). Integrated and discontinuous piezoelectric sensor/actuator for delamination detection. In Srinivasan Sridharan (Eds.), Delamination behaviour of composites, (pp. 141-168). Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Kang, Z., Tong, L. (2008). Integrated Optimization of Material Layout and Control Voltage for Piezoelectric Laminated Plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 19, 889-904. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2008). Moving least square approximation for tracking dynamic shapes of smart structures. 7th European Conference on Structural Dynamics, UK: University of Southampton.
  • Chen, J., Tong, L., Wei, J., Sun, D. (2008). Numerical investigation on multiphase coupling heat conduction with subcooling boiling boundary conditions and effect of shape during quenching process. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 203, 86-94. [More Information]
  • Liu, S., Tong, L., Lin, Z. (2008). Simultaneous optimization of control parameters and configurations of PZT actuators for morphing structural shapes. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 44, 417-424. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2008). Theoretical investigation on wireless vibration control of thin beams using photostrictive actuators. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 312, 182-194. [More Information]
  • Kang, Z., Tong, L. (2008). Topology optimization-based distribution design of actuation voltage in static shape control of plates. Computers and Structures, 86(19-20), 1885-1893. [More Information]

2007

  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2007). A new ENF test specimen for the mode II delamination toughness testing of stitched woven CFRP laminates. Journal of Composite Materials, 41(14), 1743-1772. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). A segment based sequential least squares algorithm with optimum energy control for tracking the dynamic shapes of smart structures. Smart Materials and Structures, 16(5), 1517-1526. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Active vibration control of a laminated composite beam using MFRC patches. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2007). Bending effect of through-thickness reinforcement rods on mode II delamination toughness of ENF specimen: Elastic and rigid-perfectly plastic analyses. Composites: Part A, 38(2), 323-336. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Closed-Form Solutions for Nonlinear Analysis of Single-Sided Bonded Composite Patch Repairs. AIAA Journal, 45(12), 2957-2965. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Delamination detection of a laminated beam using magnetostrictive composite sensor and actuator. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 26(8), 831-846. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, Q., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2007). Evolutionary piezoelectric actuators design optimisation for static shape control of smart plates. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 197, 47-60. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Experimental and analytical identification of a delamination using isolated PZT sensor and actuator patches. Journal of Composite Materials, 41(4), 477-492. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Fully-coupled nonlinear analysis of single lap adhesive joints. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44(7-8), 2349-2370. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2007). Modeling of wireless remote shape control for beams using nonlinear photostrictive actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44, 672-684. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Nonlinear Analysis of Bonded Composite Patch Repairs. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X., Tan, P. (2007). On the effect of long carbon nanotubes on mode i delamination toughness of laminated composites. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Wang, M., Wang, S. (2007). Shape and topology optimization of compliant mechanisms using a parameterization level set method. Journal of Computational Physics, 227, 680-705. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Katzos, A., Rispler, A., Mai, Y. (2007). The effect of stitch distribution on Mode I delamination toughness of stitched laminated composites - experimental results and FEA simulation. Composites Science and Technology, 67(6), 1058-1072. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2007). Three-dimensional constitutive equations for Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 313, 214-229. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Voltage and evolutionary piezoelectric actuator design optimisation for static shape control of smart plate structures. Materials and Design, 28(2), 387-399. [More Information]

2006

  • Wood, M., Tong, L., Sun, X. (2006). A parametric study on the design of stitched laminated DCB specimens. Composite Structures, 75(1-4), 72-78. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2006). A sensor charge output deviation method for delamination detection using isolated piezoelectric actuator and sensor patches. Composites Part B, 37(7-8), 583-592. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2006). A sequential linear least square algorithm for tracking dynamic shapes of smart structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 67(1), 66-88. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2006). High precision shape control of plates using orthotropic piezoelectric actuators. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 42(11), 1009-1020. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2006). Multiple delamination detection of composite beam using magnetostrictive patch. AIAA Journal, 44(11), 2547-2551. [More Information]
  • Chen, B., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2006). Precise time integration for linear two-point boundary value problems. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 175(1), 182-211. [More Information]
  • Chen, W., Sun, D., Wang, D., Wei, J., Tong, L., Wang, Q. (2006). Reduction approaches for vibration control of repetitive structures. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 27(5), 637-644. [More Information]

2005

  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2005). A Dynamic Model for Delamination Identification using MFRC Patch. 2nd International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, London, UK: Taylor and Francis.
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L., Rider, A., Wang, J. (2005). Analysis of energy release rate for fatigue cracked metal-to-metal double-lap shear joints. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 25(2), 181-191. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Design optimization of piezoelectric actuator patterns for static shape control of smart plates. Smart Materials and Structures, 14(6), 1353-1362. [More Information]
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2005). Effective optimisation of continuum topologies through a multi-GA system. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194(30-33), 3416-3437. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Energy optimization in local shape control of structures with nonlinear piezoelectric actuators. AIAA Journal, 43(10), 2210-2217. [More Information]
  • Zhu, J., Gu, Y., Tong, L. (2005). Formulation of reference surface element and its applications in dynamic analysis of delaminated composite beams. Composite Structures, 68(4), 481-490. [More Information]
  • Tang, W., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2005). Improved genetic algorithm for design optimization of truss structures with size, shape and topology variables. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 62(13), 1737-1762. [More Information]
  • Sun, X., Liu, H., Yan, W., Tong, L., Mai, Y. (2005). Modelling composite reinforcement by stitching and z-pinning. In C Soutis, Shefield University & P.W.R. Beaumont, Cambridge University, UK (Eds.), Mutli-scale modelling of composite material systems: The art of predictive damage modelling, (pp. 319-355). Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2005). Modelling of magneto-mechanical behavior of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 292, 394-412. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Optimal voltage design for static shape control of smart structures with nonlinear piezoelectric actuators. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 24(4), 355-373. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Jin, D., Chen, W., Wang, D. (2005). Static shape control of repetitive structures integrated with piezoelectric actuators. Smart Materials and Structures, 14(6), 1410-1420. [More Information]
  • Chen, B., Tong, L. (2005). Thermo-mechanically coupled sensitivity analysis and design optimization of functionally graded materials. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194(18-20), 1891-1911. [More Information]

2004

  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). A Compressional-Shear Model For Vibratoin Control Of Beams With Active Constrained Layer Damping. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 46(9), 1307-1325. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). A Delamination Detection Model For Composite Beams Using Pfrc Sensor/Actuator. Composites: Part A, 35(2), 231-247. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Adhesive Element Modelling And Weighted Static Shape Control Of Composite Plates With Piezoelectric Actuator Patches. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 60(11), 1911-1932. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). An Accurate Laminated Element For Piezoelectric Smart Beams Including Peel Stress. Computational Mechanics, 33(2), 108-120. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). An Adhesively Laminated Plate Element For Pzt Smart Plates. Computational Mechanics, 34(3), 224-236. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). An Equivalent Model For Smart Beams With Debonded Piezoelectric Patches. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 276(3-5), 933-956. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2004). An Incremental Algorithm For Static Shape Control Of Smart Structures With Nonlinear Piezoelectric Actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(9-10), 2277-2292. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2004). Bending Effect Of Through-Thickness Reinforcement Rods On Mode I Delamination Toughness Of Dcb Specimen. I. Linearly Elastic And Rigid-Perfectly Plastic Models. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(24-25), 6831-6852. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Curvature Effect On Fracture Toughness Of Cracked Cylindrical Shells Boned With Patches. AIAA Journal, 42(12), 2585-2591.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Delamination Detection Of A Magnetostrictive Composite Beam Using A Movable Sensing And Actuation Coil. 11th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials, Japan: Yamagata University, Japan.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Delamination Detection Of Composite Beams Using Piezoelectric Sensors With Evenly Distributed Electrode Strips. Journal of Composite Materials, 38(4), 321-352.
  • Sun, X., Tong, L., Wood, M., Mai, Y. (2004). Effect Of Stitch Distribution On Mode I Delamination Toughness Of Laminated Dcb Specimens. Composites Science and Technology, 64(7-8), 967-981. [More Information]
  • Sun, X., Tong, L. (2004). Fracture Toughness Analysis Of Inclined Crack In Cylindrical Shell Repaired With Bonded Composite Patch. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 639-645. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Identification Of Delamination In A Composite Beam Using Integrated Piezoelectric Sensor/Actuator Layer. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 391-398. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). Linear And Higher Order Displacement Theories For Adhesively Bonded Lap Joints. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(22-23), 6351-6381. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2004). Modal Shape Control Of Smart Composite Plates Using Piezoelectric Actuators. 14th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-14), Dearborn, Michigan, USA: Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
  • Yang, T., Li, Z., Wang, J., Tong, L. (2004). Overall Moduli And Natural Frequencies Of Composite Laminates Containing Multiple Interlaminar Transverse Cracks. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 223-230. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Prediction Of Non-Linear Electromagnetoelastic Properties For Piezoelectric/Piezomagnetic Fibre Reinforced Composites. Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Proceedings. Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 218(L2), 111-127. [More Information]
  • Chen, B., Tong, L. (2004). Sensitivity Analysis Of Heat Conduction For Functionally Graded Materials. Materials and Design, 25(8), 663-672. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2004). Shape Control Of Smart Composite Plate With Non-Rectangular Piezoelectric Actuators. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 207-214. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Static Shape Control Of Structures Using Nonlinear Piezoelectric Actuators With Energy Constraints. Smart Materials and Structures, 13(5), 1059-1068. [More Information]
  • Chen, B., Tong, L., Gu, Y., Zhang, H., Ochoa, O. (2004). Transient Heat Transfer Analysis Of Functionally Graded Materials Using Adaptive Precise Time Integration And Graded Finite Elements. Numerical Heat Transfer Part B-Fundamentals, 45(2), 181-200. [More Information]

2003

  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Adhesive elements for stress analysis of bonded patch to curved thin-walled structures. Computational Mechanics, 30(2), 143-154. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Closed-loop based detection of debonding of piezoelectric actuator patches in controlled beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(10), 2449-2471. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Effect of debonding in active constrained layer damping patches on hybrid control of smart beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(7), 1633-1651. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2003). Exact dynamic solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. I : Theory and application. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(18), 4789-4812. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2003). Exact dynamic solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. Part 2: Numerical results, comparison and approximate solution. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(18), 4813-4836. [More Information]
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2003). Knowledge-based algorithms in fixed-grid GA shape optimization. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58(4), 643-660. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Nonlinear stress analysis for bonded patch to curved thin-walled structures. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 23(5), 349-364. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Optimization of Ply Drop-offs in Bonded Patch to Cylindrical Shell Structures. Journal of Composite Materials, 37(14), 1289-1314. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Optimum Control Voltage Design for Constrained Static Shape Control of Piezoelectric Structures. AIAA Journal, 41(12), 2444-2450.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Shape optimization of bonded patch to cylindrical shell structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58(5), 793-820. [More Information]

2002

  • Tong, L., Mouritz, A., Bannister, M. (2002). 3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. United States: Elsevier.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). A micro-electromechanics model for the 3-D PFRC materials. Journal of Composite Materials, 36(2), 127-141. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). A one-dimensional model for non-linear behaviour of piezoelectric composite materials. Composite Structures, 58(4), 551-561. [More Information]
  • Qi, B., Ness, R., Tong, L. (2002). A stitched blade-stiffened RFI composite panel under shear loading. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21(3), 255-276. [More Information]
  • Wang, J., Tong, L. (2002). A study of the vibration of delaminated beams using a nonlinear anti-interpenetration constraint model. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 483-488. [More Information]
  • Zhang, L., Tong, L., Gal,, J. (2002). Applied Mechanics: Progress and Applications. Australasia Congress on Applied Mechanics, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Control stability analysis of smart beams with debonded piezoelectric actuator layer. AIAA Journal, 40(9), 1852-1859.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Sun, D. (2002). Dynamic characteristics of a beam system with active piezoelectric fiber reinforced composite layers. Composites Part B, 33(7), 545-555. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Tan, P., Steven, G. (2002). Effect of yarn waviness on strengths of 3D orthogonal woven CFRP composite materials. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21(2), 153-173.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Exact static solutions to peizoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. II. Numerical results, comparison and discussion. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 39(18), 4697-4722. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Exact static solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. I. Theoretical formulation. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 39(18), 4677-4695. [More Information]
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L. (2002). Failure of adhesive bonded composite lap shear joints with embedded precrack. Composites Science and Technology, 62(7-8), 1079-1095. [More Information]
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L., Wang, C., Baker, A., Chalkley, P. (2002). Fatigue crack growth in adhesively bonded composite-metal double-lap joints. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 109-115. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Frequency response of beams with debonded piezoelectric actuator layer. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). Investigation of loading assumptions on the effective electroelastic constants for PFRC materials. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 101-108. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2002). Modal actuator/sensor by modulating thickness of piezoelectric layers for smart plates. AIAA Journal, 40(8), 1676-1679. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Modeling and analysis of curved beams with debonded piezoelectric sensor/actuator patches. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 44(8), 1755-1777. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Modelling and vibration control of beams with partially debonded active constrained layer damping patch. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 252(3), 493-507. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). Modelling for the electro-magneto-thermo-elastic properties of piezoelectric-magnetic fiber reinforced composites. Composites: Part A, 33(5), 631-645. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Peeling effects on performance of piezoelectric actuators and sensors in smart beams. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2002). Piezoelectric actuator orientation optimization for static shape control of composite plates. Composite Structures, 55, 169-184. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2002). Shape control of smart composite plate structures with non-rectangular shaped PZT actuators. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2002). Shape optimization of a bonded patch to a cylindrical shell. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2002). Static shape control of composite plates using a slope-displacement-based algorithm. AIAA Journal, 40(8), 1611-1618.

2001

  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Steven, G., Querin, O. (2001). Displacement and stress based fitness function considerations in FG-GA shape optimisation. 3rd ASMO UK/ISSMO Conference. Ads & Adea.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Atluri,, S. (2001). Effects of piezoelectric sensor/actuator debonding on vibration control of smart beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 9033-9051.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2001). Implementation of knowledge based algorithms in FG-GA structuralshape optimisation. 4th World congress of Structural and Multidisiplinary optimization. Ads & Adea.
  • Higgs, W., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Lateral Buckling behavior of pneumatically stiffened, reinforced composite beams in bending. AIAA Journal, 39, 303-307.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Mechanical behavior for 3-D orthogonal woven E-glass/epoxy composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20(04), 274-303.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2001). Micro-electromechanics models for piezoelectric-fiber-reinforced composite materials. Composites Science and Technology, 61, 759-769.
  • Tong, L., Tan, P. (2001). Micro-electromechanics models for the electro-magneto-elastic properties of PEMFRC materials. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2001). Micromechanics models for non-linear behavior of piezo-electrid fiber reinforced composite materials. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 8999-9032.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Modal control of smart shells by optimized discretely distributed piezoelectric transducers. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 3281-3299.
  • Sun, X., Tong, L., Chen, H. (2001). Progressive failure analysis of laminated plates with delamination. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20(16), 1370-1389.
  • Tong, L., Sun, D., Atluri,, S. (2001). Sensing and actuating behaviours of piezoelectric layers with debonding in smart beams. Smart Materials and Structures, 10, 713-723.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Sensor/actuator equations for curved piezoelectric fibers and vibration control of composite beams using fiber modal actuators/sensors. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 241, 297-314.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Static shape control of composite plates using a curvature-displacement based algorithm. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 6381-6403.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2001). Stress analysis of curved joints with non-uniform bondline thickness. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Vibration control of beams with debonded active constrained layer damping. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2001). Vibration control of plates using discretely distributed piezoelectrid quasi-modal actuators/sensors. AIAA Journal, 39(9), 1766-1772.

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