Professor Liyong Tong

Telephone +61 2 9351 6949
Fax +61 2 9351 4841

Teaching and supervision

AERO3360 - Aerospace Structures 1

AERO4360 - Aerospace Structures 2

AERO5301 - Applied Finite Element Analysis

AERO5310 - Foundations of Aerospace Structures

AMME5301 - Foundations of Mechanics of Solids 1

Selected grants

2014

  • Design of nastic cellular structures with osmotic actuation; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Automatic Tape Layup (ATL) and Automated Fibre Placement (AFP) facility; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2013

  • Damage Detection in Composite Structures Using Piezoelectric Materials; Tee K, Tong L; DVC Research/International Research Collaboration Award (IRCA).
  • Understanding multi-scale reinforcement of carbon fibre composites; Tong L, Minett A, Guirong Y; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2012

  • Hybrid CNT - Carbon Fibre Reinforced Composites; Tong L, Luo Q; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.

2011

  • Memorandum of Cooperation for ACS. See Note tab.; Tong L, Deng S; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Memorandum of Cooperation for ACS. See Note tab; Llewellyn R, Tong L; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Design of compliant structure systems with integrated actuators; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2010

  • Structural shape control using bio-inspired composite actuators; Tong L; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.

2008

  • Memorandum of Cooperation for Advanced Composite Structures See Notes tab; Gu Y, Tong L; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Memorandum of Cooperation for ACS. See notes tab for details; Connell R, Ye L, Tong L, Deng S; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.

2007

  • Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) for ACS. See Notes tab; Nguyen V, Tong L; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Active pin reinforced sandwich panels; Tong L; Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD) - US Air Force/Research Grant.
  • Morphing flexible structures with PLZT based optical actuators; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2006

  • University of Sydney - Bridging Support Grant; Tong L; University of Sydney/Bridging Support.
  • Shape adaptive structures with built-in compact smart material based actuators; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2005

  • Memorandum of Cooperation for ACS. See Note tab; Connell R, Wood L, Luo Q, Tong L; Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures Limited/Project Support.
  • Investigation into Use of Ni-Mu-Ga Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys as Structural Actuators; Tong L; University of Sydney/Research & Development.

2004

  • Boeing Strategic Industry Development Activity (SIDA) 16 Grant for research and development of Technique for Determining Adhesive Shear Stress Allowables; Tong L, Webb D; Boeing USA/BLO Project.
  • Computational analysis and design of injection stretch blow-moulded polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles; Tong L, Kosior E; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2003

  • Controlled vibration of intelligent super-lightweight structure systems; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Structural and multidisciplinary optimizationStructural and multidisciplinary optimization; Tong L, Gu Y; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage International: ARC International Fellowships (ARCIF).
  • New high-order formulations for adhesive strains in bonded joints; Tong L; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).

2002

  • Active shape control of large thin-walled structures using ferroelectric single crystals; Tong L, Li Q; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Active damping of peizolelectrc fibre reinforced composites; Tong L; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).
  • Design optimization of KGR specimen configuration and validation; Tong L; Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD) - US Air Force/Research Grant.

2001

  • Mechanics models for desiging stiched composite laminated structures; Tong L, Clayton G, Webb D, Gray J, Duarte A, Mai Y, Clayton G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Strategic Partnerships with Industry - Research and Training (SPIRT).
  • Piezoelectric fibre reinforced composite adaptive plates and shell structures; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).
  • Modeling delamination in composite structures for its identification; Tong L; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).

2000

  • Shape Optimization of bonded patch to cylindrically curved shell structures; Tong L; Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD) - US Air Force/Research Grant.
  • Debonding tolerance of piezoelectric actuators and sensors in adaptive structures; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).
  • Effect of curvature on failure of adhesive bonded joints; Tong L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.

Selected publications

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Books

  • Tong, L., Mouritz, A., Bannister, M. (2002). 3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. United States: Elsevier.

Book Chapters

  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2011). Analytical Approach to Joint Design. In Silva, Lucas F. M. da; Ochsner, Andreas; Adams, Robert D (Eds.), Handbook of Adhesion Technology, (pp. 597-627). Germany: Springer.
  • Brown, S., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Gong, X. (2011). Mixed mode energy release rates for bonded composite joints. In Pedro Camanho and Liyong Tong (Eds.), Composite joints and connections: Principles, modelling and testing, (pp. 435-462). Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2008). Analysis of cracked lap shear (CLS) joints. In Martins da Silva, Lucas Filipe; Ochsner, Andreas (Eds.), Modeling of Adhesively Bonded Joints, (pp. 22-51). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2008). Integrated and discontinuous piezoelectric sensor/actuator for delamination detection. In Srinivasan Sridharan (Eds.), Delamination behaviour of composites, (pp. 141-168). Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Sun, X., Liu, H., Yan, W., Tong, L., Mai, Y. (2005). Modelling composite reinforcement by stitching and z-pinning. In C Soutis, Shefield University & P.W.R. Beaumont, Cambridge University, UK (Eds.), Mutli-scale modelling of composite material systems: The art of predictive damage modelling, (pp. 319-355). Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.

Journals

  • Islam, M., Tong, L., Falzon, P. (2014). Influence of metal surface preparation on its surface profile, contact angle, surface energy and adhesion with glass fibre prepreg. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 51, 32-41. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Tong, L., Wang, Z. (2014). Macroscopic response of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals considering the effects of residual reorientation strain and temperature. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 25(13), 1566-1584. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Peng, Q., Wu, J., He, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Li, J., Moody, S., Liu, H., Wang, R., et al (2014). Mechanical characteristics of individual multi-layer graphene-oxide sheets under direct tensile loading. Carbon, 80(2014), 279-289. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X., Wagner, H., Wang, R. (2014). Molecular dynamic simulation of oblique pullout of carbon nanotube from resin. Computational Materials Science, 83, 504-512. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2014). Selection of integral functions for normal mode analysis in topology optimization. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 795-800. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Li, Y., Tong, L., Song, Q., Li, K., Li, J., Peng, Q., He, X., Wang, R., Jiao, W., et al (2014). The role of grafting force and surface wettability in interfacial enhancement of carbon nanotube/carbon fiber hierarchical composites. Carbon, 69, 239-246. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2014). Topology Optimisation of 3D Structures using the Moving Iso-Surface Threshold Method. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 801-806. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2014). Topology optimisation via the moving iso-surface threshold method: implementation and application. Aeronautical Journal, 118(1201), 315-342.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2013). Adaptive pressure-controlled cellular structures for shape morphing I: design and analysis. Smart Materials and Structures, 22(5), 1-16. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2013). Adaptive pressure-controlled cellular structures for shape morphing: II. Numerical and experimental validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 22, 1-12. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Zhou, B., Fu, J. (2013). Experimental and numerical investigation on the macroscopic mechanical behavior of shape memory alloy hybrid composite with weak interface. Composite Structures, 101, 301-312. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Tang, X. (2013). Macroscopic Mechanical Characterization of SMAs Fiber-Reinforced Hybrid Composite Under Uniaxial Loading. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 22(10), 3055-3062. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., He, X., Tong, L., Peng, Q., Wang, R., Li, Y., Li, Y. (2013). Theoretical prediction and experimental verification of pulling carbon nanotubes from carbon fiber prepared by chemical grafting method. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 50, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2013). Topology Optimized Design and Testing of a Pressure-Driven Morphing Aerofoil Trailing Edge Structure. AIAA Journal, 51(8), 1898-1907. [More Information]
  • He, X., Wang, C., Tong, L., Li, Y., Peng, Q., Mei, L., Wang, R. (2012). A pullout model for inclined carbon nanotube. Mechanics of Materials, 52, 28-39. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Analytic formulas of energy release rates for delamination using a global-local method. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 49(23–24), 3335-3344. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Design and Testing of Pressurized Cellular Planar Morphing Structures. AIAA Journal, 50(6), 1328-1338. [More Information]
  • He, X., Wang, C., Tong, L., Wang, R., Cao, A., Peng, Q., Moody, S., Li, Y. (2012). Direct measurement of grafting strength between an individual carbon nanotube and a carbon fiber. Carbon, 50(10), 3782-3788. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., He, X., Mei, L., Tong, L., Wang, R., Li, Y. (2012). Interfacial shear behavior of 3D composites reinforced with CNT-grafted carbon fibers. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 43(8), 1410-1418. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Laminated plate formulation for photostrictive actuators and sensors. Journal of Composite Materials, 46(5), 557-573. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X. (2012). MD simulation of carbon nanotube pullout behavior and its use in determining mode I delamination toughness. Computational Materials Science, 55(2), 356-364. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Multifunctional behaviors of an indium tin oxide/PbLa(ZrTi)O3/indium tin oxide wafer illuminated by ultraviolet light. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 23(7), 765-774. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L., Wong, K. (2012). Realization of morphing wings: A multidisciplinary challenge. Journal of Aircraft: devoted to aeronautical science and technology, 49(1), 11-28. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Zhou, B., Tong, L., Wang, X. (2012). Simulation and analysis of shape memory alloy fiber reinforced composite based on cohesive zone model. Materials and Design, 40(September 2012), 138-147. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L. (2012). Validation and enhancements for the localised experimental-numerical technique. Composites Part B: Engineering, 43(5), 2359-2374. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). 3D Model of Coupled Multi-physics Fields for PLZT Ceramics and Its Applications to Photostrictive Plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 22(1), 17-30. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L. (2011). A localised experimental-numerical technique for determining mixed mode strain energy release rates. Composite Structures, 94(1), 132-142. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2011). A variational principle and finite element formulation for multi-physics PLZT ceramics. Mechanics Research Communications, 38(3), 198-202. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2011). An experimental study on mode I and II fracture toughness of laminates stitched with a one-sided stitching technique. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 42(2), 203-210. [More Information]
  • Kang, Z., Wang, R., Tong, L. (2011). Combined optimization of bi-material structural layout and voltage distribution for in-plane piezoelectric actuation. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 200(13-16), 1467-1478. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X. (2011). Molecular Dynamic Simulation of Sword-Sheath Extraction Behavior in CNT Reinforced Composite. Polymers and Polymer Composites, 19(2-3), 113-118.
  • Luo, Z., Luo, Q., Tong, L., Gao, W., Song, C. (2011). Shape morphing of laminated composite structures with photostrictive actuators via topology optimization. Composite Structures, 93(2), 406-418.
  • Tong, L., Lin, J. (2011). Structural topology optimization with implicit design variable-optimality and algorithm. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 47(8), 922-932. [More Information]
  • Gu, Y., Tong, L., Tan, P. (2011). Surface strain distribution method for delamination detection using piezoelectric actuators and sensors. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 305(1, Article number 012077), 012077-1-012077-10. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). Ultraviolet-light-induced multi-physics behaviors of 0-3 polarized transparent PLZT plates: I. Experimental testing. Smart Materials and Structures, 20, 115004-1-115004-12. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). Ultraviolet-light-induced multi-physics behaviors of 0-3 polarized transparent PLZT plates: II. Finite element analysis and validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 20(11), 115005-1-115005-12. [More Information]
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2010). A new multi-objective programming scheme for topology optimization of compliant mechanisms. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 40(1-6), 241-255. [More Information]
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2010). Design of Adaptive Cores of Sandwich Structures Using a Compliant Unit Cell Approach and Topology Optimization. Journal of Mechanical Design, 132(8), 081012-1-081012-8. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2010). Multi-physics field models of photostrictive unimorphs and heterogeneous bimorphs subjected to light illumination and mechanical loading. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 47(16), 2006-2016. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2010). Nonlinear magneto-mechanical finite element analysis of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Smart Materials and Structures, 19(1), 1-17.
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2010). The effect of stitch incline angle on mode I fracture toughness - Experimental and modelling. Composite Structures, 92(7), 1620-1630. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Kang, Z. (2009). A level set method for structural shape and topology optimization using radial basis functions. Computers and Structures, 87(7-8), 425-434. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Analytical solutions for nonlinear analysis of composite single-lap adhesive joints. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 29, 144-154. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Calculation of Energy Release Rates for Cohesive and Interlaminar Delamination Based on the Classical Beam-adhesive Model. Journal of Composite Materials, 43(4), 1-348. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Constitutive equations for 0-3 polarized PLZT actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 46(25-26), 4313-4321. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Constitutive Modeling of Photostrictive Materials and Design Optimization of Microcantilevers. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 20(12), 1425-1437.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2009). Coupled algorithms for piezoelectric actuator design optimization for shape control of smart structures. International Journal of Computational Methods, 6(4), 501-519. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Luo, J., Wei, P., Wang, M. (2009). Design of piezoelectric actuators using a multiphase level set method of piecewise constants. Journal of Computational Physics, 228(7), 2643-2659. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Energy release rates for interlaminar delamination in laminates considering transverse shear effects. Composite Structures, 89(2), 235-244. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Sun, X., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2009). Failure of Stitched Composite L-Joints Under Tensile Loading - Experiment and Simulation. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 28(6), 715-742. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Fracture Prediction of Adhesively Bonded Structures Using Energy Release Rates. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 23, 1415-1440.
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Ma, H. (2009). Shape and topology optimization for electrothermomechanical microactuators using level set methods. Journal of Computational Physics, 228(9), 3173-3181. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2009). Traction law for inclined through-thickness reinforcement using a geometrical approach. Composite Structures, 88(4), 558-569. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2008). A level set method for shape and topology optimization of large-displacement compliant mechanisms. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 76(6), 862-892. [More Information]
  • Luo, J., Luo, Z., Chen, S., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). A new level set method for systematic design of hinge-free compliant mechanisms. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 198(2), 318-331. [More Information]
  • Luo, J., Luo, Z., Chen, L., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). A semi-implicit level set method for structural shape and topology optimization. Journal of Computational Physics, 227(11), 5561-5581. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2008). Analytical solutions for adhesive composite joints considering large deflection and transverse shear deformation in adherends. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 45(22-23), 5914-5935. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). Design of distributed compliant micromechanisms with an implicit free boundary representation. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 36(6), 607-621. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X., Tan, P. (2008). Effect of Long Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes on Delamination Toughness of Laminated Composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 42(1), 5-23.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Sun, X. (2008). Effective properties for plain weave composites through-thickness reinforced with carbon nanotube forests. Composite Structures, 84(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Kang, Z., Tong, L. (2008). Integrated Optimization of Material Layout and Control Voltage for Piezoelectric Laminated Plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 19, 889-904.
  • Chen, J., Tong, L., Wei, J., Sun, D. (2008). Numerical investigation on multiphase coupling heat conduction with subcooling boiling boundary conditions and effect of shape during quenching process. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 203, 86-94. [More Information]
  • Liu, S., Tong, L., Lin, Z. (2008). Simultaneous optimization of control parameters and configurations of PZT actuators for morphing structural shapes. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 44, 417-424. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2008). Theoretical investigation on wireless vibration control of thin beams using photostrictive actuators. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 312, 182-194.
  • Kang, Z., Tong, L. (2008). Topology optimization-based distribution design of actuation voltage in static shape control of plates. Computers and Structures, 86(19-20), 1885-1893. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2007). A new ENF test specimen for the mode II delamination toughness testing of stitched woven CFRP laminates. Journal of Composite Materials, 41(14), 1743-1772.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). A segment based sequential least squares algorithm with optimum energy control for tracking the dynamic shapes of smart structures. Smart Materials and Structures, 16(5), 1517-1526.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2007). Bending effect of through-thickness reinforcement rods on mode II delamination toughness of ENF specimen: Elastic and rigid-perfectly plastic analyses. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 38(2), 323-336. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Closed-Form Solutions for Nonlinear Analysis of Single-Sided Bonded Composite Patch Repairs. AIAA Journal, 45(12), 2957-2965.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Delamination detection of a laminated beam using magnetostrictive composite sensor and actuator. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 26(8), 831-846.
  • Nguyen, Q., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2007). Evolutionary piezoelectric actuators design optimisation for static shape control of smart plates. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 197, 47-60. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Experimental and analytical identification of a delamination using isolated PZT sensor and actuator patches. Journal of Composite Materials, 41(4), 477-492.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Fully-coupled nonlinear analysis of single lap adhesive joints. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44(7-8), 2349-2370. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2007). Modeling of wireless remote shape control for beams using nonlinear photostrictive actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44, 672-684. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Wang, M., Wang, S. (2007). Shape and topology optimization of compliant mechanisms using a parameterization level set method. Journal of Computational Physics, 227, 680-705. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Katzos, A., Rispler, A., Mai, Y. (2007). The effect of stitch distribution on Mode I delamination toughness of stitched laminated composites - experimental results and FEA simulation. Composites Science and Technology, 67(6), 1058-1072. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2007). Three-dimensional constitutive equations for Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 313, 214-229. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Voltage and evolutionary piezoelectric actuator design optimisation for static shape control of smart plate structures. Materials and Design, 28(2), 387-399.
  • Wood, M., Tong, L., Sun, X. (2006). A parametric study on the design of stitched laminated DCB specimens. Composite Structures, 75(1-4), 72-78. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2006). A sensor charge output deviation method for delamination detection using isolated piezoelectric actuator and sensor patches. Composites Part B: Engineering, 37(7-8), 583-592. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2006). A sequential linear least square algorithm for tracking dynamic shapes of smart structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 67(1), 66-88. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2006). High precision shape control of plates using orthotropic piezoelectric actuators. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 42(11), 1009-1020. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2006). Multiple delamination detection of composite beam using magnetostrictive patch. AIAA Journal, 44(11), 2547-2551.
  • Chen, B., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2006). Precise time integration for linear two-point boundary value problems. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 175(1), 182-211. [More Information]
  • Chen, W., Sun, D., Wang, D., Wei, J., Tong, L., Wang, Q. (2006). Reduction approaches for vibration control of repetitive structures. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 27(5), 637-644. [More Information]
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L., Rider, A., Wang, J. (2005). Analysis of energy release rate for fatigue cracked metal-to-metal double-lap shear joints. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 25(2), 181-191. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Design optimization of piezoelectric actuator patterns for static shape control of smart plates. Smart Materials and Structures, 14(6), 1353-1362.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2005). Effective optimisation of continuum topologies through a multi-GA system. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194(30-33), 3416-3437. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Energy optimization in local shape control of structures with nonlinear piezoelectric actuators. AIAA Journal, 43(10), 2210-2217.
  • Zhu, J., Gu, Y., Tong, L. (2005). Formulation of reference surface element and its applications in dynamic analysis of delaminated composite beams. Composite Structures, 68(4), 481-490. [More Information]
  • Tang, W., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2005). Improved genetic algorithm for design optimization of truss structures with size, shape and topology variables. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 62(13), 1737-1762. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2005). Modelling of magneto-mechanical behavior of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 292, 394-412.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Optimal voltage design for static shape control of smart structures with nonlinear piezoelectric actuators. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 24(4), 355-373.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Jin, D., Chen, W., Wang, D. (2005). Static shape control of repetitive structures integrated with piezoelectric actuators. Smart Materials and Structures, 14(6), 1410-1420.
  • Chen, B., Tong, L. (2005). Thermo-mechanically coupled sensitivity analysis and design optimization of functionally graded materials. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194(18-20), 1891-1911. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). A Compressional-Shear Model For Vibratoin Control Of Beams With Active Constrained Layer Damping. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 46(9), 1307-1325. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). A Delamination Detection Model For Composite Beams Using Pfrc Sensor/Actuator. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 35(2), 231-247. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Adhesive Element Modelling And Weighted Static Shape Control Of Composite Plates With Piezoelectric Actuator Patches. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 60(11), 1911-1932. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). An Accurate Laminated Element For Piezoelectric Smart Beams Including Peel Stress. Computational Mechanics, 33(2), 108-120. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). An Adhesively Laminated Plate Element For Pzt Smart Plates. Computational Mechanics, 34(3), 224-236. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). An Equivalent Model For Smart Beams With Debonded Piezoelectric Patches. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 276(3-5), 933-956.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2004). An Incremental Algorithm For Static Shape Control Of Smart Structures With Nonlinear Piezoelectric Actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(9-10), 2277-2292. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2004). Bending Effect Of Through-Thickness Reinforcement Rods On Mode I Delamination Toughness Of Dcb Specimen. I. Linearly Elastic And Rigid-Perfectly Plastic Models. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(24-25), 6831-6852. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Curvature Effect On Fracture Toughness Of Cracked Cylindrical Shells Boned With Patches. AIAA Journal, 42(12), 2585-2591.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Delamination Detection Of Composite Beams Using Piezoelectric Sensors With Evenly Distributed Electrode Strips. Journal of Composite Materials, 38(4), 321-352.
  • Sun, X., Tong, L., Wood, M., Mai, Y. (2004). Effect Of Stitch Distribution On Mode I Delamination Toughness Of Laminated Dcb Specimens. Composites Science and Technology, 64(7-8), 967-981. [More Information]
  • Sun, X., Tong, L. (2004). Fracture Toughness Analysis Of Inclined Crack In Cylindrical Shell Repaired With Bonded Composite Patch. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 639-645. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Identification Of Delamination In A Composite Beam Using Integrated Piezoelectric Sensor/Actuator Layer. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 391-398. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). Linear And Higher Order Displacement Theories For Adhesively Bonded Lap Joints. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(22-23), 6351-6381. [More Information]
  • Yang, T., Li, Z., Wang, J., Tong, L. (2004). Overall Moduli And Natural Frequencies Of Composite Laminates Containing Multiple Interlaminar Transverse Cracks. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 223-230. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Prediction Of Non-Linear Electromagnetoelastic Properties For Piezoelectric/Piezomagnetic Fibre Reinforced Composites. Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Proceedings. Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 218(L2), 111-127.
  • Chen, B., Tong, L. (2004). Sensitivity Analysis Of Heat Conduction For Functionally Graded Materials. Materials and Design, 25(8), 663-672.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2004). Shape Control Of Smart Composite Plate With Non-Rectangular Piezoelectric Actuators. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 207-214. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Static Shape Control Of Structures Using Nonlinear Piezoelectric Actuators With Energy Constraints. Smart Materials and Structures, 13(5), 1059-1068.
  • Chen, B., Tong, L., Gu, Y., Zhang, H., Ochoa, O. (2004). Transient Heat Transfer Analysis Of Functionally Graded Materials Using Adaptive Precise Time Integration And Graded Finite Elements. Numerical Heat Transfer Part B-Fundamentals, 45(2), 181-200.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Adhesive elements for stress analysis of bonded patch to curved thin-walled structures. Computational Mechanics, 30(2), 143-154. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Closed-loop based detection of debonding of piezoelectric actuator patches in controlled beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(10), 2449-2471.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Effect of debonding in active constrained layer damping patches on hybrid control of smart beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(7), 1633-1651.
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2003). Exact dynamic solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. I : Theory and application. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(18), 4789-4812.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2003). Exact dynamic solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. Part 2: Numerical results, comparison and approximate solution. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(18), 4813-4836.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2003). Knowledge-based algorithms in fixed-grid GA shape optimization. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58(4), 643-660. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Nonlinear stress analysis for bonded patch to curved thin-walled structures. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 23(5), 349-364.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Optimization of Ply Drop-offs in Bonded Patch to Cylindrical Shell Structures. Journal of Composite Materials, 37(14), 1289-1314.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Optimum Control Voltage Design for Constrained Static Shape Control of Piezoelectric Structures. AIAA Journal, 41(12), 2444-2450.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Shape optimization of bonded patch to cylindrical shell structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58(5), 793-820. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). A micro-electromechanics model for the 3-D PFRC materials. Journal of Composite Materials, 36(2), 127-141.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). A one-dimensional model for non-linear behaviour of piezoelectric composite materials. Composite Structures, 58(4), 551-561.
  • Qi, B., Ness, R., Tong, L. (2002). A stitched blade-stiffened RFI composite panel under shear loading. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21(3), 255-276.
  • Wang, J., Tong, L. (2002). A study of the vibration of delaminated beams using a nonlinear anti-interpenetration constraint model. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 483-488.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Control stability analysis of smart beams with debonded piezoelectric actuator layer. AIAA Journal, 40(9), 1852-1859.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Sun, D. (2002). Dynamic characteristics of a beam system with active piezoelectric fiber reinforced composite layers. Composites Part B: Engineering, 33(7), 545-555.
  • Tong, L., Tan, P., Steven, G. (2002). Effect of yarn waviness on strengths of 3D orthogonal woven CFRP composite materials. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21(2), 153-173.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Exact static solutions to peizoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. II. Numerical results, comparison and discussion. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 39(18), 4697-4722.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Exact static solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. I. Theoretical formulation. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 39(18), 4677-4695.
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L. (2002). Failure of adhesive bonded composite lap shear joints with embedded precrack. Composites Science and Technology, 62(7-8), 1079-1095.
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L., Wang, C., Baker, A., Chalkley, P. (2002). Fatigue crack growth in adhesively bonded composite-metal double-lap joints. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 109-115.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). Investigation of loading assumptions on the effective electroelastic constants for PFRC materials. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 101-108.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2002). Modal actuator/sensor by modulating thickness of piezoelectric layers for smart plates. AIAA Journal, 40(8), 1676-1679.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Modeling and analysis of curved beams with debonded piezoelectric sensor/actuator patches. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 44(8), 1755-1777.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Modelling and vibration control of beams with partially debonded active constrained layer damping patch. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 252(3), 493-507. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). Modelling for the electro-magneto-thermo-elastic properties of piezoelectric-magnetic fiber reinforced composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 33(5), 631-645.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2002). Piezoelectric actuator orientation optimization for static shape control of composite plates. Composite Structures, 55, 169-184.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2002). Static shape control of composite plates using a slope-displacement-based algorithm. AIAA Journal, 40(8), 1611-1618.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Atluri,, S. (2001). Effects of piezoelectric sensor/actuator debonding on vibration control of smart beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 9033-9051.
  • Higgs, W., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Lateral Buckling behavior of pneumatically stiffened, reinforced composite beams in bending. AIAA Journal, 39, 303-307.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Mechanical behavior for 3-D orthogonal woven E-glass/epoxy composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20(04), 274-303.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2001). Micro-electromechanics models for piezoelectric-fiber-reinforced composite materials. Composites Science and Technology, 61, 759-769.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2001). Micromechanics models for non-linear behavior of piezo-electrid fiber reinforced composite materials. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 8999-9032.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Modal control of smart shells by optimized discretely distributed piezoelectric transducers. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 3281-3299.
  • Sun, X., Tong, L., Chen, H. (2001). Progressive failure analysis of laminated plates with delamination. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20(16), 1370-1389.
  • Tong, L., Sun, D., Atluri,, S. (2001). Sensing and actuating behaviours of piezoelectric layers with debonding in smart beams. Smart Materials and Structures, 10, 713-723.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Sensor/actuator equations for curved piezoelectric fibers and vibration control of composite beams using fiber modal actuators/sensors. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 241, 297-314.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Static shape control of composite plates using a curvature-displacement based algorithm. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 6381-6403.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2001). Vibration control of plates using discretely distributed piezoelectrid quasi-modal actuators/sensors. AIAA Journal, 39(9), 1766-1772.

Conferences

  • Islam, M., Tong, L., Falzon, P. (2013). Metal surface profile and residual stress: Persuasion of adhesion. 22nd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials, Leiden: CRC Press/Balkema. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Design Considerations of a Pressure Driven Morphing Wing Structure. 28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), UK: Optimage Ltd.
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Pressurized Morphing Wing Structures. 53rd AIAA Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, United States: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Stiffness, Stress and Morphing Design of Wing Structures via Structural Topology Optimisation. 3RD AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL DESIGN Conference, United Kingdom: Royal Aeronautical Society.
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2009). An Evolutionary Method of Dynamic Level Sets for Shape and Topology Optimization Using X-Fem. International Conference on Extended Finite Element Methods XFEM 2009 - Recent Developments and Applications, Germany: RWTH Aachen University.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Use of optically transparent lead lanthanum zirconate titanate as actuators and sensors. 2nd International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering SMN 2009, United States: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2008). Moving least square approximation for tracking dynamic shapes of smart structures. 7th European Conference on Structural Dynamics, UK: University of Southampton.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Active vibration control of a laminated composite beam using MFRC patches. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Nonlinear Analysis of Bonded Composite Patch Repairs. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X., Tan, P. (2007). On the effect of long carbon nanotubes on mode i delamination toughness of laminated composites. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2005). A Dynamic Model for Delamination Identification using MFRC Patch. 2nd International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, London, UK: Taylor and Francis.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Delamination Detection Of A Magnetostrictive Composite Beam Using A Movable Sensing And Actuation Coil. 11th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials, Japan: Yamagata University, Japan.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2004). Modal Shape Control Of Smart Composite Plates Using Piezoelectric Actuators. 14th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-14), Dearborn, Michigan, USA: Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
  • Zhang, L., Tong, L., Gal,, J. (2002). Applied Mechanics: Progress and Applications. Australasia Congress on Applied Mechanics, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Frequency response of beams with debonded piezoelectric actuator layer. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Peeling effects on performance of piezoelectric actuators and sensors in smart beams. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2002). Shape control of smart composite plate structures with non-rectangular shaped PZT actuators. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2002). Shape optimization of a bonded patch to a cylindrical shell. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Steven, G., Querin, O. (2001). Displacement and stress based fitness function considerations in FG-GA shape optimisation. 3rd ASMO UK/ISSMO Conference, : Ads & Adea.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2001). Implementation of knowledge based algorithms in FG-GA structuralshape optimisation. 4th World congress of Structural and Multidisiplinary optimization, : Ads & Adea.
  • Tong, L., Tan, P. (2001). Micro-electromechanics models for the electro-magneto-elastic properties of PEMFRC materials. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2001). Stress analysis of curved joints with non-uniform bondline thickness. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Vibration control of beams with debonded active constrained layer damping. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.

2014

  • Islam, M., Tong, L., Falzon, P. (2014). Influence of metal surface preparation on its surface profile, contact angle, surface energy and adhesion with glass fibre prepreg. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 51, 32-41. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Tong, L., Wang, Z. (2014). Macroscopic response of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals considering the effects of residual reorientation strain and temperature. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 25(13), 1566-1584. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Peng, Q., Wu, J., He, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Li, J., Moody, S., Liu, H., Wang, R., et al (2014). Mechanical characteristics of individual multi-layer graphene-oxide sheets under direct tensile loading. Carbon, 80(2014), 279-289. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X., Wagner, H., Wang, R. (2014). Molecular dynamic simulation of oblique pullout of carbon nanotube from resin. Computational Materials Science, 83, 504-512. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2014). Selection of integral functions for normal mode analysis in topology optimization. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 795-800. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Li, Y., Tong, L., Song, Q., Li, K., Li, J., Peng, Q., He, X., Wang, R., Jiao, W., et al (2014). The role of grafting force and surface wettability in interfacial enhancement of carbon nanotube/carbon fiber hierarchical composites. Carbon, 69, 239-246. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2014). Topology Optimisation of 3D Structures using the Moving Iso-Surface Threshold Method. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 801-806. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2014). Topology optimisation via the moving iso-surface threshold method: implementation and application. Aeronautical Journal, 118(1201), 315-342.

2013

  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2013). Adaptive pressure-controlled cellular structures for shape morphing I: design and analysis. Smart Materials and Structures, 22(5), 1-16. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2013). Adaptive pressure-controlled cellular structures for shape morphing: II. Numerical and experimental validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 22, 1-12. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Zhou, B., Fu, J. (2013). Experimental and numerical investigation on the macroscopic mechanical behavior of shape memory alloy hybrid composite with weak interface. Composite Structures, 101, 301-312. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Tong, L., Tang, X. (2013). Macroscopic Mechanical Characterization of SMAs Fiber-Reinforced Hybrid Composite Under Uniaxial Loading. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 22(10), 3055-3062. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Tong, L., Falzon, P. (2013). Metal surface profile and residual stress: Persuasion of adhesion. 22nd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials, Leiden: CRC Press/Balkema. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., He, X., Tong, L., Peng, Q., Wang, R., Li, Y., Li, Y. (2013). Theoretical prediction and experimental verification of pulling carbon nanotubes from carbon fiber prepared by chemical grafting method. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 50, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2013). Topology Optimized Design and Testing of a Pressure-Driven Morphing Aerofoil Trailing Edge Structure. AIAA Journal, 51(8), 1898-1907. [More Information]

2012

  • He, X., Wang, C., Tong, L., Li, Y., Peng, Q., Mei, L., Wang, R. (2012). A pullout model for inclined carbon nanotube. Mechanics of Materials, 52, 28-39. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Analytic formulas of energy release rates for delamination using a global-local method. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 49(23–24), 3335-3344. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Design and Testing of Pressurized Cellular Planar Morphing Structures. AIAA Journal, 50(6), 1328-1338. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Design Considerations of a Pressure Driven Morphing Wing Structure. 28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), UK: Optimage Ltd.
  • He, X., Wang, C., Tong, L., Wang, R., Cao, A., Peng, Q., Moody, S., Li, Y. (2012). Direct measurement of grafting strength between an individual carbon nanotube and a carbon fiber. Carbon, 50(10), 3782-3788. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., He, X., Mei, L., Tong, L., Wang, R., Li, Y. (2012). Interfacial shear behavior of 3D composites reinforced with CNT-grafted carbon fibers. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 43(8), 1410-1418. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Laminated plate formulation for photostrictive actuators and sensors. Journal of Composite Materials, 46(5), 557-573. [More Information]
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X. (2012). MD simulation of carbon nanotube pullout behavior and its use in determining mode I delamination toughness. Computational Materials Science, 55(2), 356-364. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2012). Multifunctional behaviors of an indium tin oxide/PbLa(ZrTi)O3/indium tin oxide wafer illuminated by ultraviolet light. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 23(7), 765-774. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Pressurized Morphing Wing Structures. 53rd AIAA Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, United States: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L., Wong, K. (2012). Realization of morphing wings: A multidisciplinary challenge. Journal of Aircraft: devoted to aeronautical science and technology, 49(1), 11-28. [More Information]
  • Lei, H., Wang, Z., Zhou, B., Tong, L., Wang, X. (2012). Simulation and analysis of shape memory alloy fiber reinforced composite based on cohesive zone model. Materials and Design, 40(September 2012), 138-147. [More Information]
  • Vasista, S., Tong, L. (2012). Stiffness, Stress and Morphing Design of Wing Structures via Structural Topology Optimisation. 3RD AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL DESIGN Conference, United Kingdom: Royal Aeronautical Society.
  • Brown, S., Tong, L. (2012). Validation and enhancements for the localised experimental-numerical technique. Composites Part B: Engineering, 43(5), 2359-2374. [More Information]

2011

  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). 3D Model of Coupled Multi-physics Fields for PLZT Ceramics and Its Applications to Photostrictive Plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 22(1), 17-30. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L. (2011). A localised experimental-numerical technique for determining mixed mode strain energy release rates. Composite Structures, 94(1), 132-142. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2011). A variational principle and finite element formulation for multi-physics PLZT ceramics. Mechanics Research Communications, 38(3), 198-202. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2011). An experimental study on mode I and II fracture toughness of laminates stitched with a one-sided stitching technique. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 42(2), 203-210. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2011). Analytical Approach to Joint Design. In Silva, Lucas F. M. da; Ochsner, Andreas; Adams, Robert D (Eds.), Handbook of Adhesion Technology, (pp. 597-627). Germany: Springer.
  • Kang, Z., Wang, R., Tong, L. (2011). Combined optimization of bi-material structural layout and voltage distribution for in-plane piezoelectric actuation. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 200(13-16), 1467-1478. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Gong, X. (2011). Mixed mode energy release rates for bonded composite joints. In Pedro Camanho and Liyong Tong (Eds.), Composite joints and connections: Principles, modelling and testing, (pp. 435-462). Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Yang, L., Tong, L., He, X. (2011). Molecular Dynamic Simulation of Sword-Sheath Extraction Behavior in CNT Reinforced Composite. Polymers and Polymer Composites, 19(2-3), 113-118.
  • Luo, Z., Luo, Q., Tong, L., Gao, W., Song, C. (2011). Shape morphing of laminated composite structures with photostrictive actuators via topology optimization. Composite Structures, 93(2), 406-418.
  • Tong, L., Lin, J. (2011). Structural topology optimization with implicit design variable-optimality and algorithm. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 47(8), 922-932. [More Information]
  • Gu, Y., Tong, L., Tan, P. (2011). Surface strain distribution method for delamination detection using piezoelectric actuators and sensors. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 305(1, Article number 012077), 012077-1-012077-10. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). Ultraviolet-light-induced multi-physics behaviors of 0-3 polarized transparent PLZT plates: I. Experimental testing. Smart Materials and Structures, 20, 115004-1-115004-12. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2011). Ultraviolet-light-induced multi-physics behaviors of 0-3 polarized transparent PLZT plates: II. Finite element analysis and validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 20(11), 115005-1-115005-12. [More Information]

2010

  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2010). A new multi-objective programming scheme for topology optimization of compliant mechanisms. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 40(1-6), 241-255. [More Information]
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2010). Design of Adaptive Cores of Sandwich Structures Using a Compliant Unit Cell Approach and Topology Optimization. Journal of Mechanical Design, 132(8), 081012-1-081012-8. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2010). Multi-physics field models of photostrictive unimorphs and heterogeneous bimorphs subjected to light illumination and mechanical loading. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 47(16), 2006-2016. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2010). Nonlinear magneto-mechanical finite element analysis of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Smart Materials and Structures, 19(1), 1-17.
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2010). The effect of stitch incline angle on mode I fracture toughness - Experimental and modelling. Composite Structures, 92(7), 1620-1630. [More Information]

2009

  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Kang, Z. (2009). A level set method for structural shape and topology optimization using radial basis functions. Computers and Structures, 87(7-8), 425-434. [More Information]
  • Lin, J., Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2009). An Evolutionary Method of Dynamic Level Sets for Shape and Topology Optimization Using X-Fem. International Conference on Extended Finite Element Methods XFEM 2009 - Recent Developments and Applications, Germany: RWTH Aachen University.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Analytical solutions for nonlinear analysis of composite single-lap adhesive joints. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 29, 144-154. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Calculation of Energy Release Rates for Cohesive and Interlaminar Delamination Based on the Classical Beam-adhesive Model. Journal of Composite Materials, 43(4), 1-348. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Constitutive equations for 0-3 polarized PLZT actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 46(25-26), 4313-4321. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Constitutive Modeling of Photostrictive Materials and Design Optimization of Microcantilevers. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 20(12), 1425-1437.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2009). Coupled algorithms for piezoelectric actuator design optimization for shape control of smart structures. International Journal of Computational Methods, 6(4), 501-519. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Luo, J., Wei, P., Wang, M. (2009). Design of piezoelectric actuators using a multiphase level set method of piecewise constants. Journal of Computational Physics, 228(7), 2643-2659. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Energy release rates for interlaminar delamination in laminates considering transverse shear effects. Composite Structures, 89(2), 235-244. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Sun, X., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2009). Failure of Stitched Composite L-Joints Under Tensile Loading - Experiment and Simulation. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 28(6), 715-742. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Fracture Prediction of Adhesively Bonded Structures Using Energy Release Rates. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 23, 1415-1440.
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Ma, H. (2009). Shape and topology optimization for electrothermomechanical microactuators using level set methods. Journal of Computational Physics, 228(9), 3173-3181. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Tong, L. (2009). Traction law for inclined through-thickness reinforcement using a geometrical approach. Composite Structures, 88(4), 558-569. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2009). Use of optically transparent lead lanthanum zirconate titanate as actuators and sensors. 2nd International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering SMN 2009, United States: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering.

2008

  • Luo, Z., Tong, L. (2008). A level set method for shape and topology optimization of large-displacement compliant mechanisms. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 76(6), 862-892. [More Information]
  • Luo, J., Luo, Z., Chen, S., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). A new level set method for systematic design of hinge-free compliant mechanisms. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 198(2), 318-331. [More Information]
  • Luo, J., Luo, Z., Chen, L., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). A semi-implicit level set method for structural shape and topology optimization. Journal of Computational Physics, 227(11), 5561-5581. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2008). Analysis of cracked lap shear (CLS) joints. In Martins da Silva, Lucas Filipe; Ochsner, Andreas (Eds.), Modeling of Adhesively Bonded Joints, (pp. 22-51). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2008). Analytical solutions for adhesive composite joints considering large deflection and transverse shear deformation in adherends. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 45(22-23), 5914-5935. [More Information]
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Wang, M. (2008). Design of distributed compliant micromechanisms with an implicit free boundary representation. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 36(6), 607-621. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X., Tan, P. (2008). Effect of Long Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes on Delamination Toughness of Laminated Composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 42(1), 5-23.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Sun, X. (2008). Effective properties for plain weave composites through-thickness reinforced with carbon nanotube forests. Composite Structures, 84(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2008). Integrated and discontinuous piezoelectric sensor/actuator for delamination detection. In Srinivasan Sridharan (Eds.), Delamination behaviour of composites, (pp. 141-168). Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Kang, Z., Tong, L. (2008). Integrated Optimization of Material Layout and Control Voltage for Piezoelectric Laminated Plates. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 19, 889-904.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2008). Moving least square approximation for tracking dynamic shapes of smart structures. 7th European Conference on Structural Dynamics, UK: University of Southampton.
  • Chen, J., Tong, L., Wei, J., Sun, D. (2008). Numerical investigation on multiphase coupling heat conduction with subcooling boiling boundary conditions and effect of shape during quenching process. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 203, 86-94. [More Information]
  • Liu, S., Tong, L., Lin, Z. (2008). Simultaneous optimization of control parameters and configurations of PZT actuators for morphing structural shapes. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 44, 417-424. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2008). Theoretical investigation on wireless vibration control of thin beams using photostrictive actuators. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 312, 182-194.
  • Kang, Z., Tong, L. (2008). Topology optimization-based distribution design of actuation voltage in static shape control of plates. Computers and Structures, 86(19-20), 1885-1893. [More Information]

2007

  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Luo, Q., Katzos, A., Rispler, A. (2007). A new ENF test specimen for the mode II delamination toughness testing of stitched woven CFRP laminates. Journal of Composite Materials, 41(14), 1743-1772.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). A segment based sequential least squares algorithm with optimum energy control for tracking the dynamic shapes of smart structures. Smart Materials and Structures, 16(5), 1517-1526.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Active vibration control of a laminated composite beam using MFRC patches. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2007). Bending effect of through-thickness reinforcement rods on mode II delamination toughness of ENF specimen: Elastic and rigid-perfectly plastic analyses. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 38(2), 323-336. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Closed-Form Solutions for Nonlinear Analysis of Single-Sided Bonded Composite Patch Repairs. AIAA Journal, 45(12), 2957-2965.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Delamination detection of a laminated beam using magnetostrictive composite sensor and actuator. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 26(8), 831-846.
  • Nguyen, Q., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2007). Evolutionary piezoelectric actuators design optimisation for static shape control of smart plates. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 197, 47-60. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2007). Experimental and analytical identification of a delamination using isolated PZT sensor and actuator patches. Journal of Composite Materials, 41(4), 477-492.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Fully-coupled nonlinear analysis of single lap adhesive joints. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44(7-8), 2349-2370. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2007). Modeling of wireless remote shape control for beams using nonlinear photostrictive actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44, 672-684. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Nonlinear Analysis of Bonded Composite Patch Repairs. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X., Tan, P. (2007). On the effect of long carbon nanotubes on mode i delamination toughness of laminated composites. Sixteenth INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS (ICCM-16,2007), Japan: Japan Society for Composite Materials.
  • Luo, Z., Tong, L., Wang, M., Wang, S. (2007). Shape and topology optimization of compliant mechanisms using a parameterization level set method. Journal of Computational Physics, 227, 680-705. [More Information]
  • Wood, M., Sun, X., Tong, L., Katzos, A., Rispler, A., Mai, Y. (2007). The effect of stitch distribution on Mode I delamination toughness of stitched laminated composites - experimental results and FEA simulation. Composites Science and Technology, 67(6), 1058-1072. [More Information]
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2007). Three-dimensional constitutive equations for Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 313, 214-229. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, Q., Tong, L. (2007). Voltage and evolutionary piezoelectric actuator design optimisation for static shape control of smart plate structures. Materials and Design, 28(2), 387-399.

2006

  • Wood, M., Tong, L., Sun, X. (2006). A parametric study on the design of stitched laminated DCB specimens. Composite Structures, 75(1-4), 72-78. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2006). A sensor charge output deviation method for delamination detection using isolated piezoelectric actuator and sensor patches. Composites Part B: Engineering, 37(7-8), 583-592. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2006). A sequential linear least square algorithm for tracking dynamic shapes of smart structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 67(1), 66-88. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2006). High precision shape control of plates using orthotropic piezoelectric actuators. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 42(11), 1009-1020. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2006). Multiple delamination detection of composite beam using magnetostrictive patch. AIAA Journal, 44(11), 2547-2551.
  • Chen, B., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2006). Precise time integration for linear two-point boundary value problems. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 175(1), 182-211. [More Information]
  • Chen, W., Sun, D., Wang, D., Wei, J., Tong, L., Wang, Q. (2006). Reduction approaches for vibration control of repetitive structures. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 27(5), 637-644. [More Information]

2005

  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2005). A Dynamic Model for Delamination Identification using MFRC Patch. 2nd International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, London, UK: Taylor and Francis.
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L., Rider, A., Wang, J. (2005). Analysis of energy release rate for fatigue cracked metal-to-metal double-lap shear joints. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 25(2), 181-191. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Design optimization of piezoelectric actuator patterns for static shape control of smart plates. Smart Materials and Structures, 14(6), 1353-1362.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2005). Effective optimisation of continuum topologies through a multi-GA system. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194(30-33), 3416-3437. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Energy optimization in local shape control of structures with nonlinear piezoelectric actuators. AIAA Journal, 43(10), 2210-2217.
  • Zhu, J., Gu, Y., Tong, L. (2005). Formulation of reference surface element and its applications in dynamic analysis of delaminated composite beams. Composite Structures, 68(4), 481-490. [More Information]
  • Tang, W., Tong, L., Gu, Y. (2005). Improved genetic algorithm for design optimization of truss structures with size, shape and topology variables. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 62(13), 1737-1762. [More Information]
  • Sun, X., Liu, H., Yan, W., Tong, L., Mai, Y. (2005). Modelling composite reinforcement by stitching and z-pinning. In C Soutis, Shefield University & P.W.R. Beaumont, Cambridge University, UK (Eds.), Mutli-scale modelling of composite material systems: The art of predictive damage modelling, (pp. 319-355). Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
  • Kiang, J., Tong, L. (2005). Modelling of magneto-mechanical behavior of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 292, 394-412.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2005). Optimal voltage design for static shape control of smart structures with nonlinear piezoelectric actuators. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 24(4), 355-373.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Jin, D., Chen, W., Wang, D. (2005). Static shape control of repetitive structures integrated with piezoelectric actuators. Smart Materials and Structures, 14(6), 1410-1420.
  • Chen, B., Tong, L. (2005). Thermo-mechanically coupled sensitivity analysis and design optimization of functionally graded materials. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194(18-20), 1891-1911. [More Information]

2004

  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). A Compressional-Shear Model For Vibratoin Control Of Beams With Active Constrained Layer Damping. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 46(9), 1307-1325. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). A Delamination Detection Model For Composite Beams Using Pfrc Sensor/Actuator. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 35(2), 231-247. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Adhesive Element Modelling And Weighted Static Shape Control Of Composite Plates With Piezoelectric Actuator Patches. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 60(11), 1911-1932. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). An Accurate Laminated Element For Piezoelectric Smart Beams Including Peel Stress. Computational Mechanics, 33(2), 108-120. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). An Adhesively Laminated Plate Element For Pzt Smart Plates. Computational Mechanics, 34(3), 224-236. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). An Equivalent Model For Smart Beams With Debonded Piezoelectric Patches. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 276(3-5), 933-956.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2004). An Incremental Algorithm For Static Shape Control Of Smart Structures With Nonlinear Piezoelectric Actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(9-10), 2277-2292. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2004). Bending Effect Of Through-Thickness Reinforcement Rods On Mode I Delamination Toughness Of Dcb Specimen. I. Linearly Elastic And Rigid-Perfectly Plastic Models. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(24-25), 6831-6852. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Curvature Effect On Fracture Toughness Of Cracked Cylindrical Shells Boned With Patches. AIAA Journal, 42(12), 2585-2591.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Delamination Detection Of A Magnetostrictive Composite Beam Using A Movable Sensing And Actuation Coil. 11th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials, Japan: Yamagata University, Japan.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Delamination Detection Of Composite Beams Using Piezoelectric Sensors With Evenly Distributed Electrode Strips. Journal of Composite Materials, 38(4), 321-352.
  • Sun, X., Tong, L., Wood, M., Mai, Y. (2004). Effect Of Stitch Distribution On Mode I Delamination Toughness Of Laminated Dcb Specimens. Composites Science and Technology, 64(7-8), 967-981. [More Information]
  • Sun, X., Tong, L. (2004). Fracture Toughness Analysis Of Inclined Crack In Cylindrical Shell Repaired With Bonded Composite Patch. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 639-645. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Identification Of Delamination In A Composite Beam Using Integrated Piezoelectric Sensor/Actuator Layer. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 391-398. [More Information]
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2004). Linear And Higher Order Displacement Theories For Adhesively Bonded Lap Joints. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 41(22-23), 6351-6381. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2004). Modal Shape Control Of Smart Composite Plates Using Piezoelectric Actuators. 14th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-14), Dearborn, Michigan, USA: Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
  • Yang, T., Li, Z., Wang, J., Tong, L. (2004). Overall Moduli And Natural Frequencies Of Composite Laminates Containing Multiple Interlaminar Transverse Cracks. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 223-230. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2004). Prediction Of Non-Linear Electromagnetoelastic Properties For Piezoelectric/Piezomagnetic Fibre Reinforced Composites. Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Proceedings. Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 218(L2), 111-127.
  • Chen, B., Tong, L. (2004). Sensitivity Analysis Of Heat Conduction For Functionally Graded Materials. Materials and Design, 25(8), 663-672.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2004). Shape Control Of Smart Composite Plate With Non-Rectangular Piezoelectric Actuators. Composite Structures, 66(1-4), 207-214. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2004). Static Shape Control Of Structures Using Nonlinear Piezoelectric Actuators With Energy Constraints. Smart Materials and Structures, 13(5), 1059-1068.
  • Chen, B., Tong, L., Gu, Y., Zhang, H., Ochoa, O. (2004). Transient Heat Transfer Analysis Of Functionally Graded Materials Using Adaptive Precise Time Integration And Graded Finite Elements. Numerical Heat Transfer Part B-Fundamentals, 45(2), 181-200.

2003

  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Adhesive elements for stress analysis of bonded patch to curved thin-walled structures. Computational Mechanics, 30(2), 143-154. [More Information]
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Closed-loop based detection of debonding of piezoelectric actuator patches in controlled beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(10), 2449-2471.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Effect of debonding in active constrained layer damping patches on hybrid control of smart beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(7), 1633-1651.
  • Tong, L., Luo, Q. (2003). Exact dynamic solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. I : Theory and application. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(18), 4789-4812.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2003). Exact dynamic solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. Part 2: Numerical results, comparison and approximate solution. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40(18), 4813-4836.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2003). Knowledge-based algorithms in fixed-grid GA shape optimization. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58(4), 643-660. [More Information]
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Nonlinear stress analysis for bonded patch to curved thin-walled structures. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 23(5), 349-364.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Optimization of Ply Drop-offs in Bonded Patch to Cylindrical Shell Structures. Journal of Composite Materials, 37(14), 1289-1314.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2003). Optimum Control Voltage Design for Constrained Static Shape Control of Piezoelectric Structures. AIAA Journal, 41(12), 2444-2450.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2003). Shape optimization of bonded patch to cylindrical shell structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58(5), 793-820. [More Information]

2002

  • Tong, L., Mouritz, A., Bannister, M. (2002). 3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. United States: Elsevier.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). A micro-electromechanics model for the 3-D PFRC materials. Journal of Composite Materials, 36(2), 127-141.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). A one-dimensional model for non-linear behaviour of piezoelectric composite materials. Composite Structures, 58(4), 551-561.
  • Qi, B., Ness, R., Tong, L. (2002). A stitched blade-stiffened RFI composite panel under shear loading. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21(3), 255-276.
  • Wang, J., Tong, L. (2002). A study of the vibration of delaminated beams using a nonlinear anti-interpenetration constraint model. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 483-488.
  • Zhang, L., Tong, L., Gal,, J. (2002). Applied Mechanics: Progress and Applications. Australasia Congress on Applied Mechanics, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Control stability analysis of smart beams with debonded piezoelectric actuator layer. AIAA Journal, 40(9), 1852-1859.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Sun, D. (2002). Dynamic characteristics of a beam system with active piezoelectric fiber reinforced composite layers. Composites Part B: Engineering, 33(7), 545-555.
  • Tong, L., Tan, P., Steven, G. (2002). Effect of yarn waviness on strengths of 3D orthogonal woven CFRP composite materials. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 21(2), 153-173.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Exact static solutions to peizoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. II. Numerical results, comparison and discussion. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 39(18), 4697-4722.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Exact static solutions to piezoelectric smart beams including peel stresses. I. Theoretical formulation. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 39(18), 4677-4695.
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L. (2002). Failure of adhesive bonded composite lap shear joints with embedded precrack. Composites Science and Technology, 62(7-8), 1079-1095.
  • Cheuk, P., Tong, L., Wang, C., Baker, A., Chalkley, P. (2002). Fatigue crack growth in adhesively bonded composite-metal double-lap joints. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 109-115.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Frequency response of beams with debonded piezoelectric actuator layer. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). Investigation of loading assumptions on the effective electroelastic constants for PFRC materials. Composite Structures, 57(1-4), 101-108.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2002). Modal actuator/sensor by modulating thickness of piezoelectric layers for smart plates. AIAA Journal, 40(8), 1676-1679.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Modeling and analysis of curved beams with debonded piezoelectric sensor/actuator patches. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 44(8), 1755-1777.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2002). Modelling and vibration control of beams with partially debonded active constrained layer damping patch. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 252(3), 493-507. [More Information]
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2002). Modelling for the electro-magneto-thermo-elastic properties of piezoelectric-magnetic fiber reinforced composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 33(5), 631-645.
  • Luo, Q., Tong, L. (2002). Peeling effects on performance of piezoelectric actuators and sensors in smart beams. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2002). Piezoelectric actuator orientation optimization for static shape control of composite plates. Composite Structures, 55, 169-184.
  • Nguyen, V., Tong, L. (2002). Shape control of smart composite plate structures with non-rectangular shaped PZT actuators. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2002). Shape optimization of a bonded patch to a cylindrical shell. Applied Mechanics Progress and Applications, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2002). Static shape control of composite plates using a slope-displacement-based algorithm. AIAA Journal, 40(8), 1611-1618.

2001

  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Steven, G., Querin, O. (2001). Displacement and stress based fitness function considerations in FG-GA shape optimisation. 3rd ASMO UK/ISSMO Conference, : Ads & Adea.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Atluri,, S. (2001). Effects of piezoelectric sensor/actuator debonding on vibration control of smart beams. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 9033-9051.
  • Woon, S., Tong, L., Querin, O., Steven, G. (2001). Implementation of knowledge based algorithms in FG-GA structuralshape optimisation. 4th World congress of Structural and Multidisiplinary optimization, : Ads & Adea.
  • Higgs, W., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Lateral Buckling behavior of pneumatically stiffened, reinforced composite beams in bending. AIAA Journal, 39, 303-307.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Mechanical behavior for 3-D orthogonal woven E-glass/epoxy composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20(04), 274-303.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2001). Micro-electromechanics models for piezoelectric-fiber-reinforced composite materials. Composites Science and Technology, 61, 759-769.
  • Tong, L., Tan, P. (2001). Micro-electromechanics models for the electro-magneto-elastic properties of PEMFRC materials. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Tan, P., Tong, L. (2001). Micromechanics models for non-linear behavior of piezo-electrid fiber reinforced composite materials. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 8999-9032.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Modal control of smart shells by optimized discretely distributed piezoelectric transducers. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 3281-3299.
  • Sun, X., Tong, L., Chen, H. (2001). Progressive failure analysis of laminated plates with delamination. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20(16), 1370-1389.
  • Tong, L., Sun, D., Atluri,, S. (2001). Sensing and actuating behaviours of piezoelectric layers with debonding in smart beams. Smart Materials and Structures, 10, 713-723.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Sensor/actuator equations for curved piezoelectric fibers and vibration control of composite beams using fiber modal actuators/sensors. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 241, 297-314.
  • Chee, C., Tong, L., Steven, G. (2001). Static shape control of composite plates using a curvature-displacement based algorithm. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38, 6381-6403.
  • Tong, L., Sun, X. (2001). Stress analysis of curved joints with non-uniform bondline thickness. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L. (2001). Vibration control of beams with debonded active constrained layer damping. 13th International Conference on Composite Materials. Ads & Adea.
  • Sun, D., Tong, L., Wang, D. (2001). Vibration control of plates using discretely distributed piezoelectrid quasi-modal actuators/sensors. AIAA Journal, 39(9), 1766-1772.

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