Professor Steven Armfield

BSc Applied Maths (Flinders), PhD (Sydney)
FluD Director
Head of School
School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering

J07 - Mechanical Engineering Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 2927
Fax +61 2 9351 7060

Website Fluid Dynamics Research Group

School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering

Research interests

Professor Steve Armfield investigates the fluid mechanics of a range of environmental and industrial flows using computational, theoretical and experimental approaches, leading to applications as diverse as improved river management and the design of more efficient building ventilation systems.

"My main focus is on the development of computational models and algorithms to allow the prediction of highly unsteady, buoyancy-driven and -dominated flows, such as the natural convection boundary layers that develop adjacent to vertical heated surfaces, the two-layer mixing flow that occurs when a lighter fluid passes over a denser fluid, and thermal fountains and plumes.

"Such flows occur in many environmental and industrial settings, such as in rivers, estuaries and atmospheric boundary layers, and in building heating, cooling and ventilation.

"My research has made a substantial contribution to the understanding of the mechanism of flow initiation and transition, and has led to improved computational models for these flows that will inform the development of river management strategies, large-scale fluid dynamics models and the design of heating, ventilation and cooling systems.

"I joined the academic staff of the University of Sydney in 1996, having previously completed my PhD here and subsequently held academic positions at other Australian universities as well as research positions in Japan and the US. I've been Head of the School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering since 2008."

Teaching and supervision

AMME4210 - Computational Fluid Dynamics

AMME5202 - Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics

Associations

  • Australian National Research Fellowship
  • Saitama University Visiting Scholarship
  • Shundoh International Foundation Research Scholarship
  • Stanford University UPS Visiting Professorship

Themes

Water and the environment

Selected grants

2015

  • Thermal stratification, overturning and mixing in riverine environments; Kirkpatrick M, Williamson N, Lin W, Armfield S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2013

  • Conjugate natural convection boundary layers; Armfield S, Kirkpatrick M, Lei C, Lin W, Patterson J; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2011

  • The Dynamics of Turbulent Entrainment in Sheared Convective Boundary Layers; Kirkpatrick M, Lin W, Armfield S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2010

  • Design tools for optimising data centre layout to minimise energy usage; Groenhout N, Nagarathinam S, Behnia M, Armfield S, Groenhout N; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2009

  • Transport by Natural Convection in Reservoir Sidearms; Patterson J, Armfield S, Lei C, Lin W, Kirkpatrick M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Investigation and optimisation of displacement ventilation and cooling systems; Armfield S, Lin W, Kirkpatrick M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • A high performance computing cluster and storage for the INTERSECT Consortium of NSW; Botten L, Armfield S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2008

  • Transport by Natural Convection in Reservoir Sidearms; Kirkpatrick M, Patterson J, Patterson J, Armfield S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2006

  • Stability, transition and heat transfer in thermally coupled natural convection boundary layers; Armfield S, Patterson J, Patterson J; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2005

  • Linkage Round 2 2004 - Freshing, mixing and purging or riverine saline ponds by freshwater overflow; Ng C, Mountford J, Homan K, Armfield S.
  • Turbulent fountains in stratified fluids with opposing buoyancy flux; Armfield S, Lin W, McBain G, Asaeda T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Freshing, mixing and purging of riverine saline ponds by freshwater overflow; Armfield S, Kirkpatrick M, Lemckert C; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2004

  • Linkage 2004 Round One - Investigation of a Novel Fan; Rollo J, Armfield S; De Rolfe Pty Ltd/Project Support.
  • Matching Oars to Rowers LP0454205; Armfield S, Smith R; Croker Oars Pty Ltd/Project Support.
  • Investigation of a novel fan; Armfield S, Auld D; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Matching oars to rowers; Randell A, Armfield S, Smith R, Randell A; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2003

  • Enhancement of Heat Transfer by Stimulated Transition to Turbulence in Natural Convection Boundary Layers on Heated Walls; Armfield S, Patterson J; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2001

  • Stability and Transition of Natural Convection Boundary Layers; Armfield S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).
  • Simulation and Analysis of Buoyant Horizontal Jets; Armfield S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).

2000

  • Regulation of endothelial cell apoptosis by oscillatory shear stress; Gue S, Zoellner H, Armfield S; Dental Board of NSW/Research Grants.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2008). A Versatile Surrogate-Assisted Memetic Algorithm for Optimization of Computationally Expensive Functions and its Engineering Applications. In Shan, Y. and Yang, A. and Bui, L. T. (Eds.), Success in Evolutionary Computation, (pp. 43-72). Berlin, Germany: Springer.
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2007). A Memetic Algorithm Using a Trust-Region Derivative-Free Optimization with Quadratic Modelling for Optimization of Expensive and Noisy Black-box Functions. In Yang, Shengxiang; Ong, Yew-Soon; Jin, Yaochu (Eds.), Evolutionary Computation in Dynamic and Uncertain Environments, (pp. 389-415). Germany: Springer.

Journals

  • Stewart, N., Homes, D., Lin, W., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2014). Comparison of Semi-implicit and Explicit Finite Difference Algorithms on Highly Parallel Processing Architectures. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 193-198. [More Information]
  • Fakhim, B., Baloch, F., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2014). Thermal Management of Data Centres-Effect of CRAC Location and Flow Rate on the Performance of Data Centres. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 130-137.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2014). Thermal Performance of an Air-Cooled Data Center With Raised-Floor and Non-Raised-Floor Configurations. Heat Transfer Engineering, 35(4), 384-397. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Liu, T., Gao, W., Armfield, S. (2014). Three-dimensional direct numerical simulation of unsteady transitional round fountains in a homogeneous fluid. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 150-156. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2014). Two-dimensional numerical simulation of a steady-state buoyancy-driven flow in a semi-confined enclosure with a line heat source. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 10(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2013). A canonical model for stratified flow in estuaries and rivers. ANZIAM Journal, 54, C88-C101.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2013). A Comparison of Parametric and Multivariable Optimization Techniques in a Raised-Floor Data Center. Journal of Electronic Packaging, 135(3), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2013). Behaviour of laminar plane fountains with a parabolic inlet velocity profile in a homogeneous fluid. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 67, 87-95. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Comparison of non-reflective boundary conditions for a free-rising turbulent axisymmetric plume. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 72(12), 1307-1320. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Bartos, N., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Experimental and numerical investigation of unsteady behaviour in the near-field of pure thermal planar plumes. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 46, 139-150. [More Information]
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Large Eddy Simulation of complex sidearms subject to solar radiation and surface cooling. Water Research, 47(14), 4918-4927. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Prandtl number dependence and instability mechanism of the near-field flow in a planar thermal plume. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 732, 105-127. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2013). Scalings for unsteady natural convection boundary layers on an evenly heated plate with time-dependent heating flux. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 88(6), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Simulation and analysis of puffing instability in the near field of pure thermal planar plumes. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 69, 1-13. [More Information]
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Thermal performance of data centers-rack level Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, 3(5), 792-799. [More Information]
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Three-dimensional simulation of natural convection in a reservoir sidearm. Physics of Fluids, 25(2), 025105-1-025105-26. [More Information]
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., McBain, G. (2012). Boundary layer instability of the natural convection flow on a uniformly heated vertical plate. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55(21–22), 6097-6108. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Norris, S., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2012). Lateral circulation in a stratified open channel on a 120 degree bend. Water Resources Research, 48(12), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Djanali, V., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2012). Preconditioning in parallel for fractional step Navier-Stokes solvers. ANZIAM Journal, 53(EMAC2011), C19-C33.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Williamson, N. (2012). Shear driven purging of negatively buoyant fluid from trapezoidal depressions and cavities. Physics of Fluids, 24(2), 1-25. [More Information]
  • Zecevic, V., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2012). Stability and accuracy of various difference schemes for the lattice Boltzmann method. ANZIAM Journal, 53, C494-C510.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2012). Transition to oscillatory flow in a differentially heated cavity with a conducting partition. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 693(25 February 2012), 93-114. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2012). Transitional ventilated filling box flow with a line heat source. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55(13-14), 3650-3665. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2012). Unified Prandtl number scaling for start-up and fully developed natural-convection boundary layers for both Pr ≳1 and Pr ≲1 fluids with isothermal heating. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 86(6), 066312-1-066312-10. [More Information]
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2011). Combined natural convection cooling of a drink can. ANZIAM Journal, 52(1), 59-68. [More Information]
  • Djanali, V., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2011). Comparison of approximate inverse preconditioners for the fractional step Navier--Stokes equations. ANZIAM Journal, 52, C581-C595.
  • Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S., Nagarathinam, S. (2011). Cooling solutions in an operational data centre: A case study. Applied Thermal Engineering, 31(14-15), 2279-2291. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2011). Forced turbulent fountain flow behaviour. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 671, 535-558. [More Information]
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2011). Natural convection in a sidewall heated cube using an immersed boundary method. ANZIAM Journal, 52, C535-C548.
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Maruyama, S., Komiya, A. (2011). Numerical study of a transitional natural ventilation flow driven by a line source plume with varied Reynolds and Prandtl numbers. Computational Thermal Sciences, 3(6), 511-519. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S. (2011). Stability characteristics of conjugate natural convection boundary layers. ANZIAM Journal, 52, C696-C709.
  • Zecevic, V., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2011). The lattice Boltzmann method for turbulent channel flows using graphics processing units. ANZIAM Journal, 52, C914-C931.
  • Armfield, S., Williamson, N., Kirkpatrick, M., Street, R. (2010). A divergence free fractional-step method for the Navier-Stokes equations on non-staggered grids. ANZIAM Journal, 51, C654-C667.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2010). Line fountain behavior at low-Reynolds number. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53(9-10), 2065-2073. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2010). Transition behaviour of weak turbulent fountains. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 655, 306-326. [More Information]
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2009). A framework for memetic optimization using variable global and local surrogate models. Soft Computing: a fusion of foundations methodologies and applications, 13(8-9), 781-793. [More Information]
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2009). Impinging plane fountains in a homogeneous fluid. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52(11-12), 2614-2623. [More Information]
  • Gillam, N., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2009). Influence of a channel bend on the purging of saline fluid from a cavity by an overflow of fresh water. ANZIAM Journal, 50, C990-C1003.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2009). Laminar plane fountains impinging on a ceiling with an opposing heat flux. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52(19-20), 4545-4552. [More Information]
  • McBain, G., Chubb, T., Armfield, S. (2009). Numerical solution of the Orr-Sommerfeld equation using the viscous Green function and split-Gaussian quadrature. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 224(1), 397-404. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Komiya, A., Maruyama, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2009). Nutrient Transport from an Artificial Upwelling of Deep Sea Water. Journal of Oceanography, 65(3), 349-359. [More Information]
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2009). Open boundary conditions in numerical simulations of unsteady incompressible flow. ANZIAM Journal, 50, C760-C773.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J., Lei, C. (2009). Prandtl number scaling of unsteady natural convection boundary layers for Pr>1 fluids under isothermal heating. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 79(6), 066313-1-066313-8.
  • Bednarz, T., Lin, W., Patterson, J., Lei, C., Armfield, S. (2009). Scaling for unsteady thermo-magnetic convection boundary layer of paramagnetic fluids of Pr> 1 in micro-gravity conditions. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 30(6), 1157-1170. [More Information]
  • Patterson, J., Lei, C., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2009). Scaling of unsteady natural convection boundary layers with a non-instantaneous initiation. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 48, 1843-1852. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2008). Comparison of a 2D axisymmetric CFD model of a natural draft wet cooling tower and a 1D model. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 2227-2236. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2008). Direct numerical simulation of turbulent intermediate Froude number fountain flow. The A N Z I A M Journal, 50, C16-C30.
  • Nagarathinam, S., McBain, G., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2008). Height and stability of laminar plane fountains in a homogeneous fluid. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51(19-20), 4717-4727. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., McBain, G., Lin, W. (2008). Low-Reynolds-number fountain behaviour. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 608, 297-317.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., McBain, G., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2008). Natural Convection in the Cavity with the Differentially Heated Isoflux Boundaries. The A N Z I A M Journal, 48, C977-C990.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2008). Numerical Simulation of Flow in a Natural Draft Wet Cooling Tower - the Effect of Radial Thermofluid Fields. Applied Thermal Engineering, 28(2-3), 178-189. [More Information]
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2008). On the stability and performance of the projection-3 method for the time integration of the Navier-Stokes equations. The A N Z I A M Journal, 49, C559-C575.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2008). Onset of entrainment in transitional round fountains. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51(21-22), 5226-5237. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2008). Thermal optimization of a natural draft wet cooling tower. International Journal of Energy Research, 32(14), 1349-1361.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2008). Unsteady natural convection boundary-layer flow of a linearly-stratified fluid with Pr<1 on an evenly heated semi-infinite vertical plate. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 327-343. [More Information]
  • Lei, C., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2008). Unsteady natural convection in a water-filled isoceles triangular enclosure heated from below. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 2637-2650. [More Information]
  • Gonzalez, C., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2007). Computational study of a micro-turbine engine combustor using large eddy simulation and Reynolds averaged turbulence models. The A N Z I A M Journal, 49, C407-C422.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2007). Cooling of a Pr < 1 fluid in a rectangular container. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 574, 85-108.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2007). Cooling of a Pr < 1 fluid in a rectangular container. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 574(-), 85-108.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2007). Direct simulation of transitional plane fountains in a homogeneous fluid. The A N Z I A M Journal, 48, C692-C708.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S., Desrayaud, G. (2007). Instability of the buoyancy layer on an evenly heated vertical wall. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 587, 453-469.
  • Armfield, S., Patterson, J., Lin, W. (2007). Scaling investigation of the natural convection boundary layer on an evenly heated plate. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50(7-8), 1592-1602.
  • Nateghi, M., Patterson, J., Armfield, S. (2007). Stratified natural convection flow in rectangular open cavities. The A N Z I A M Journal, 48, C542-C557.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2007). Using Green's functions and Gaussian integration for two point boundary value problems on the ray. The A N Z I A M Journal, 48, C34-C49.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2006). Large-eddy simulation of turbulent channel flow using a finite-volume, fractional step method. Computational Fluid Dynamics Journal, 15(3), 325-337.
  • Djanali, V., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2006). Numerical Simulations of Transition and Separation on a Small Turbine Cascade. WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, 1(9), 879-884.
  • Armfield, S., Street, R. (2005). A comparison of staggered and non-staggered grid Navier-Stokes solutions for the 8:1 cavity natural convection flow. The A N Z I A M Journal, 46(5), C918-C934.
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2005). A Note on the relation of Gaussian Elimination to the Conjugate Directions Algorithm. The A N Z I A M Journal, 46(5), C971-C986.
  • Gonzalez, L., Whitney, E., Srinivas, K., Armfield, S., Periaux, J. (2005). A robust evolutionary technique for couples and multidisciplinary design optimisation problems in aeronautics. Computational Fluid Dynamics Journal, 14(2), 142-153.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2005). Experimental and large eddy simulation results for the purging of salt water from a cavity by an overflow of fresh water. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48(2), 341-359.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2005). Long-term behavior of cooling fluid in a vertical cylinder. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48(1), 53-66.
  • Fringer, O., Armfield, S., Street, R. (2005). Reducing numerical diffusion in interfacial gravity wave simulations. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 49, 301-329. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2005). Scaling laws for unsteady natural convection cooling of fluid with Prandtl number less than one in a vertical cylinder. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 72(1), 016306-1-016306-12.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2005). Two-point boundary value problems, Green's functions, and product integration. The A N Z I A M Journal, 46(E), C245-C259.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2005). Unsteady natural convection on an evenly heated vertical plate for Prandtl number Pr<1. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 72(6), 016306-4-066309-17.
  • Morgan, P., Auld, D., Armfield, S. (2004). A Comparison Of Eulerian And Langrangian Schemes For The Simulation Of An Impressible Planar Jet. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(Part E), C310-C325.
  • Morgan, P., Armfield, S. (2004). Direct Numerical Simulation Of Low Reynolds Number Incompressible Planar Jets. Computational Fluid Dynamics Journal, 13(1), 46-62.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2004). Direct Simulation Of Fountains With Intermediate Froude And Reynolds Numbers. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(E), C66-C77.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2004). Long-Term Behavior Of Cooling Fluid in a Rectangular Container. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 69(5), article no. 056315.
  • Armfield, S., Street, R. (2004). Modified Fractional Step Methods For The Navier-Stokes Equations. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(Part E), C364-C377.
  • Nateghi, M., Armfield, S. (2004). Natural Convection Flow Of Air In An Inclined Open Cavity. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(Part E), C870-C890.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2004). Natural Convection In A Vertical Slot: Accurate Solution Of The Linear Stability Equations. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(E), C92-C105.
  • Zhao, Q., Armfield, S., Tanimoto, K. (2004). Numerical Simulation Of Breaking Waves By A Multi-Scale Turbulence Model. Coastal Engineering, 51(1), 53-80. [More Information]
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Kent, J. (2003). A representation of curved boundaries for the solution of the Navier-Stokes equations on a staggered three-dimensional Cartesian grid. Journal of Computational Physics, 184(1), 1-36.
  • Morgan, P., Armfield, S. (2003). An investigation of the behaviour of planar jets using a time accurate fractional step scheme. The A N Z I A M Journal, 44, 550-568.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Masri, A., Ibrahim, S. (2003). Large Eddy Simulation of a Propagating Turbulent Premixed Flame. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 70(1-4), 1-19.
  • Armfield, S., Street, R. (2003). The pressure accuracy of fractional-step methods for the Navier-Stokes equations on staggered grids. The A N Z I A M Journal, 44, C20-C39.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2003). The Reynolds and Prandtl number dependence of weak fountains. Computational Mechanics, 31(5), 379-389. [More Information]
  • Armfield, S., Street, R. (2002). An analysis and comparison of the time accuracy of fractional-step- methods for the Navier-Stokes equations on staggered grids. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, , 255-282. [More Information]
  • Patterson, J., Graham, T., Schopf, W., Armfield, S. (2002). Boundary layer development on a semi-infinite suddenly heated vertical plate. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 453(Feb), 39-55.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Morgan, P. (2002). Unsteady natural convection boundary-layer flow along a vertical isothermal plate in a linearly stratified fluid with Pr > 1. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 45(2), 451-459.
  • Armfield, S., Schultz, A. (2002). Unsteady natural convection in tall side-heated cavities. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 40(8), 1009-1018. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2002). Weak fountains in a stratified fluid. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 66(6), 066308-1-066308-10. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2001). Natural convection cooling of rectangular and cylindrical containers. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 22, 72-81.
  • Javam, A., Armfield, S. (2001). Stability and transition of stratified natural convection flow in open cavities. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 445, 285-303.

Conferences

  • Nagarathinam, S., Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2012). A Comparative Study of Raised-Floor and Hard-Floor Configurations in an Air-Cooled Data Centre. Thirteenth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm 2012), Piscataway, NJ, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Starner, S., Williamson, N., Armfield, S. (2012). A New Experimental Rig for Investigations of Sheared Convective Boundary Layers. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2012). Analysis of Exergy Destruction in Data Centres. Thirteenth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm 2012), Piscataway, NJ, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Armfield, S., Mahmud, H., Lin, W., Gao, W., He, Y. (2012). Direct Numerical Simulation of Interaction of Twin Transitional Fountains in a Homogeneous Fluid. 4th International Conference on Computational Methods, Asia-Pacific: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2012). Exergy-based Performance Metrics to Evaluate Irreversibility in Data Centre Environment Airspace. Seventh International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ICCFD7), Hawaii: ICCFD.
  • Hattori, T., Bartos, N., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2012). Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Stability of Thermal Plumes with Finite Width Source. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Gao, W., Lin, W., Liu, T., Armfield, S. (2012). Onset of asymmetry and three-dimensionality in transitional round fountains in a linearly stratified fluid. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Mahmud, H., Hill, B., Gao, W., Lin, W., He, Y., Armfield, S. (2012). PIV Study on the Interaction of Triple Transitional Round Fountains in a Homogeneous Fluid. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Djanali, V., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2012). Scaling of the thermally coupled natural convection boundary layers on a conducting vertical plate. 7th International Symposium on Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer (THMT'12), Palermo, Italy: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Norris, S., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2012). Secondary flow in stratified open channel flow on a bend. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2012). Stability and transition in the near-field of pure thermal planar plumes. Seventh International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ICCFD7), Hawaii: ICCFD.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2011). A Second Law Approach to the Thermal Management of Raised Floor Data Centres. 7th International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer (ICCHMT 2011), Turkey: International Centre for Applied Thermodynamics (ICAT).
  • Verstraete, D., Ling, J., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2011). Development of a micro turboprop for high altitude UAV propulsion. 20th ISABE Conference 2011, Sweden: International Society for Airbreathing Engines.
  • Verstraete, D., Ling, J., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2011). Development of a micro turboprop to extend altitude capabilities of small UAVs. AIAC-14 Fourteenth Australian International Aerospace Congress APISAT 2011, Melbourne, Australia: WALDRONSMITHManagement.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2011). Rack Level Thermal-flow Analysis of Data Centres. 9th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference - 9AHMTC, Melbourne, Australia: Australasian Fluid and Thermal Engineering Society (AFTES).
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Naimo, M., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2011). The Effect of Room Configuration on Thermal Performance of Data Centres with Detailed Rack Models. Eighth International Conference on Flow Dynamics, Tohoku, Japan: GCOE Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2011). The stability of conjugate natural convection boundary layers on a conducting vertical partition in an open or closed rectangular cavity. 9th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference - 9AHMTC, Melbourne, Australia: Australasian Fluid and Thermal Engineering Society (AFTES).
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2011). Transitional High Prandtl Number Plumes with an Iso-thermal Source. 9th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference - 9AHMTC, Melbourne, Australia: Australasian Fluid and Thermal Engineering Society (AFTES).
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Wong, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Addressing Thermal Challenges in Design of Data Centres. ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis (ESDA2010), Istanbul, Turkey: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., Lin, W. (2010). Critical Froude number for transition from a steady to an unsteady plane fountain injected into a homogeneous fluid. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Effect of under-floor blockages and perforated tile openings on the performance of raised-floor data centres. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2010). Entrainment in turbulent fountain flow. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Bartos, N., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Fluid Mechanics of Displacement Air-Conditioning. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S., Nagarathinam, S. (2010). Heat Transfer and Air-Flow Analysis of a Non-Uniformly Cooled Data Centre. 7th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics (HEFAT 2010), Turkey: HEFAT.
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Natural convection flows in reservoir sidearms using Large Eddy Simulation and an Immersed Boundary Method. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Nateghi, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Natural Convection Ventilation In Fully Open Enclosures. 14th International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC14), USA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
  • Lehmann, R., Reddy, R., Armfield, S. (2010). Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Helicopter Fuselage Aerodynamics. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2010). Numerical Simulation of a Natural Ventilation Flow with a Line Heat Source Using Various Advection Schemes. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., Maruyama, S., Komiya, A. (2010). Numerical Study of 3D Nonlinear Disturbance Growth in Transitional Natural Convection. 14th International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC14), USA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S. (2010). The stability of conjugate natural convection boundary layers. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2010). Two- and Three- Dimensional Simulation of Combined Natural Convection Cooling of a Drink Can. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2010). Two-dimensional numerical simulation of a steady-state buoyancy-driven flow in a semi-confined enclosure with a line heat source. 9th World Congress on Computational Mechanics and 4th Asian Pacific Congress on Computational Mechanics WCCM-APCOM 2010, Sydney: IOP Publishing. [More Information]
  • Li, Q., Yu, J., Schellekens, M., Zhou, S., Li, W., Armfield, S., Appleyard, R. (2009). Characterization and Design of 3D Scaffolds for Biofluidic Criteria. IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence for Measurement Systems and Applications CIMSA 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2009). Combined Natural Convection Cooling of a Drink Can. The Fourth International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications, Abu Dhabi, UAE: The Petroleum Institute.
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2009). Representation of non-rectangular boundaries in numerical simulations of natural convection flows in reservoir sidearms. The 18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Cairns: Modelling/Simulation Society of Aus and NZ & International Assoc for Math and Comp in Simulation.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Komiya, A., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., Maruyama, S. (2008). Laminar Plane Free-fountains in a Homogeneous Fluid. Fifth International Conference on Flow Dynamics (ICFD5), Korea: Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers (KSME).
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2008). Metamodel accuracy assessment in evolutionary optimization. 2008 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC 2008), Hong Kong: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2008). Prandtl number scaling of the natural convection flow over an evenly heated vertical plate (Pr > 1). CHT-08 ICHMT Fourth International Symposium on Advances in Computational Heat Transfer, Connecticut, USA: Begell House Inc.
  • Komiya, A., Williamson, N., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S., Maruyama, S. (2008). Visualization of Upwelled Saline Flow and its Transition Behaviour from Steady to Oscillatory regimes. The 19th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena (ISTP-19), Iceland: University of Iceland, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science.
  • Gonzalez, C., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2007). A computational study of the influence of the injection characteristics on micro-turbine combustion. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Tenne, J., Obayashi, S., Armfield, S. (2007). Airfoil Shape Optimization by Minimization of an Expensive and Discontinuous Black-box Function. AIAA Infotech@Aerospace 2007, Reston, Va, USA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
  • Jiracheewanun, S., McBain, G., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2007). Base Solution for Natural Convection Flow in Isoflux Heated Cavity. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., McBain, G., Lin, W. (2007). Characterisation of Low Reynolds Number Fountain Behaviour. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Lei, C., Armfield, S., Patterson, J., O'Neill, A. (2007). Effects of Corner Geometry and Adiabatic Extensions on Heat Transfer through a Differentially Heated Square Cavity. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Gillam, N., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2007). Influence of Start-Up Time on the Purging of Salt Water by an Overflow of Fresh Water. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2007). Managing the Optimization Search in Surrogate-Assisted Memetic Algorithms. The 7th International Conference on Optimization: Techniques and Applications (ICOTA7), Tokyo, Japan: Universal Academy Press, Inc.
  • Armfield, S., McBain, G., Lin, W., Jiracheewanun, S. (2007). Natural Convection Boundary Layers on Evenly Heated Plates. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference AHMTC 2005, Perth, Western Australia: Begell House Inc.
  • Ling, J., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2007). Numerical Investigation of a Small Gas Turbine Compressor. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2007). Numerical Simulation of Free-fountains in a Homogeneous Fluid. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Djanali, V., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2007). RANS Simulations of a Small Turbine Cascade. The 4th WSEAS International Conference on FLUID MECHANICS (FLUIDS'07), Australia: WSEAS Press.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2007). Scaling Analysis and Simulation of Natural Convection Cooling of Fluid with Pr <1 in a Rectangular Container. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2007). Sub-Filter Scale Models for Scalar Transport in Large Eddy Simulations. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S., Jiracheewanun, S. (2007). The Conduction and Convection Regimes in a Cavity with Evenly Heated and Cooled Vertical Walls. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2007). The Importance of Inlet Height to the Performance of a Natural Draft Wet Cooling Tower. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Al-Waked, R., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2007). Thermal Performance of Natural Draft Cooling Towers. The Eighteenth International Symposium on Transport Phenomena (ISTP-18), Korea: Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers (KSME), Pacific Center of Thermal-Fluids Engineering (PCTFE).
  • Nagarathinam, S., Lin, W., McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2006). Direct Simulation Of Impinging Plane Fountains In A Homogeneous Fluid. 13th International Heat Transfer Conference IHTC 2006, Connecticut, USA: Begell House Inc.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2006). Direct Simulation of Transitional Axisymmetric Fountains in a Homogeneous Environment. 13th International Heat Transfer Conference IHTC 2006, Connecticut, USA: Begell House Inc.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., McBain, G., Behnia, M. (2006). Flow Features and Scaling analysis in Heated Cavity with lsoflux Boundaries. Third International Conference on Flow Dynamics, Japan: International COE of Flow Dynamics Tohoku University.
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., McBain, G. (2006). Stability of Natural Convection Boundary Layer Flow on an Evenly Heated Vertical Plate. Flow Dynamics: the Second International Conference on Flow Dynamics (AIP 2005), USA: American Institute of Physics (AIP).
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2005). Efficiently Minimizing Expensive Cost Functions with a Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithm Using Clustering and a Derivative-Free-Optimizer: Preliminary Results. 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC 2005), Piscataway, NJ, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2005). Numerical Simulation of Heat and Mass Transfer in a Natural Draft Wet Cooling Tower and Comparisons with Existing One-Dimensional Methods. 4th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, and Thermodynamics : HEFAT 2005, Cairo, Egypt: Taylor and Francis.
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2005). Optimal Annular Fill and Water Flow Rate Profile in a Natural Draft. Flow Dynamics: the Second International Conference on Flow Dynamics (AIP 2005), USA: American Institute of Physics (AIP).
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2005). Scaling analysis and simulation of natural convection cooling of fluid with Pr<1 in a rectangular container. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., McBain, G. (2005). Simulation and scaling for natural convection flow in a cavity with isothermal boundaries. 4th International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer - ICCHMT 2005, Paris-Cachan, France: Lavoisier.
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2005). Stability of Natural Convection Boundary Layer Flow on an Evenly Heated Vertical Plate. Flow Dynamics: the Second International Conference on Flow Dynamics (AIP 2005), USA: American Institute of Physics (AIP).
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2004). Linear Stability Of Natural Convection On An Evenly Heated Vertical Wall. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Gonzalez, L., Whitney, E., Srinivas, K., Armfield, S., Periaux, J. (2004). Multidisciplinary Aircraft Design And Optimisation Using A Robust Evolutionary Technique With Variable Fidelity Models. 10th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, Reston, VA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2004). Numerical Simulation Of Heat And Mass Transfer In A Natural Draft Wet Cooling Tower. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2004). Scaling Analysis And Direct Simulation Of Unsteady Natural Convection Cooling Of Fluid With Pr<1 In A Vertical Cylinder. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Williamson, N., Al-Waked, R., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2004). Simulation Of Heat And Mass Transfer Inside Natural Draft Wet Cooling Towers Under Cross-Wind Conditions. 3rd International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics (HEFAT 2004), Philadelphia: Taylor and Francis.
  • Ohkubo, H., Behnia, M., Armfield, S., Munakata, T., Chandratilleke, R. (2004). Study On Heat Transfer In Frosting Process. The First International Forum on Heat Transfer (IFHT 2004), Sendai.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2004). The Natural Convection Of Flow In A Square Cavity With Isoflux Sidewalls. The First International Forum on Heat Transfer (IFHT 2004), Sendai.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., McBain, G. (2004). The Transient Behaviour Of A Differentially Heated Cavity With Isoflux Boundaries. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Armfield, S., McBain, G. (2004). Three-Dimensional Transition In The Buoyancy Boundary Layer On An Evenly Heated Vertical Wall. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Morgan, P., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2003). A comparison of 2-D and 3-D solutions for incompressible bifurcating jets in stratified environments. 2nd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ICCFD 2002, Germany: Springer.
  • Armfield, S., Norris, S., Morgan, P., Street, R. (2003). A parallel non-staggered Navier-Stokes solver implemented on a workstation cluster. 2nd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ICCFD 2002, Germany: Springer.
  • Armfield, S., Morgan, P., Srinvas, K. (2003). Computational fluid dynamics 2002. 2nd Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ICCFD 2002), New York: Springer.
  • Armfield, S., Debler, W. (2003). Large eddy simulation of the purging of density-stabilized basins. 2nd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ICCFD 2002, Germany: Springer.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2002). Large eddy simulation of the purging of density-stabilised basins. 2nd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ICCFD 2002, Germany: Springer.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Masri, A., Ibrahim, S. (2002). Numerical issues in large eddy simulation of premixed turbulent propagating flames. The Second Mediterranean Combustion Symposium.
  • Morgan, P., Armfield, S. (2001). Bifurcation of neutrally buoyant jets in stratified environments. 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Masri, A., Ibrahim, S. (2001). On the application of compressible LES in unsteady premixed combustion. 3rd Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion. Ads & Adea.
  • Armfield, S., Javam, A. (2001). Simulation and scaling of unstable natural convection flow in stratified oen cavities. 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.

2014

  • Stewart, N., Homes, D., Lin, W., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2014). Comparison of Semi-implicit and Explicit Finite Difference Algorithms on Highly Parallel Processing Architectures. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 193-198. [More Information]
  • Fakhim, B., Baloch, F., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2014). Thermal Management of Data Centres-Effect of CRAC Location and Flow Rate on the Performance of Data Centres. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 130-137.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2014). Thermal Performance of an Air-Cooled Data Center With Raised-Floor and Non-Raised-Floor Configurations. Heat Transfer Engineering, 35(4), 384-397. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Liu, T., Gao, W., Armfield, S. (2014). Three-dimensional direct numerical simulation of unsteady transitional round fountains in a homogeneous fluid. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553(2014), 150-156. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2014). Two-dimensional numerical simulation of a steady-state buoyancy-driven flow in a semi-confined enclosure with a line heat source. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 10(1), 1-10. [More Information]

2013

  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2013). A canonical model for stratified flow in estuaries and rivers. ANZIAM Journal, 54, C88-C101.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2013). A Comparison of Parametric and Multivariable Optimization Techniques in a Raised-Floor Data Center. Journal of Electronic Packaging, 135(3), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2013). Behaviour of laminar plane fountains with a parabolic inlet velocity profile in a homogeneous fluid. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 67, 87-95. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Comparison of non-reflective boundary conditions for a free-rising turbulent axisymmetric plume. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 72(12), 1307-1320. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Bartos, N., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Experimental and numerical investigation of unsteady behaviour in the near-field of pure thermal planar plumes. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 46, 139-150. [More Information]
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Large Eddy Simulation of complex sidearms subject to solar radiation and surface cooling. Water Research, 47(14), 4918-4927. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Prandtl number dependence and instability mechanism of the near-field flow in a planar thermal plume. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 732, 105-127. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2013). Scalings for unsteady natural convection boundary layers on an evenly heated plate with time-dependent heating flux. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 88(6), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Simulation and analysis of puffing instability in the near field of pure thermal planar plumes. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 69, 1-13. [More Information]
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Thermal performance of data centers-rack level Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, 3(5), 792-799. [More Information]
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2013). Three-dimensional simulation of natural convection in a reservoir sidearm. Physics of Fluids, 25(2), 025105-1-025105-26. [More Information]

2012

  • Nagarathinam, S., Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2012). A Comparative Study of Raised-Floor and Hard-Floor Configurations in an Air-Cooled Data Centre. Thirteenth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm 2012), Piscataway, NJ, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Starner, S., Williamson, N., Armfield, S. (2012). A New Experimental Rig for Investigations of Sheared Convective Boundary Layers. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2012). Analysis of Exergy Destruction in Data Centres. Thirteenth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm 2012), Piscataway, NJ, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., McBain, G. (2012). Boundary layer instability of the natural convection flow on a uniformly heated vertical plate. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55(21–22), 6097-6108. [More Information]
  • Armfield, S., Mahmud, H., Lin, W., Gao, W., He, Y. (2012). Direct Numerical Simulation of Interaction of Twin Transitional Fountains in a Homogeneous Fluid. 4th International Conference on Computational Methods, Asia-Pacific: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2012). Exergy-based Performance Metrics to Evaluate Irreversibility in Data Centre Environment Airspace. Seventh International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ICCFD7), Hawaii: ICCFD.
  • Williamson, N., Norris, S., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2012). Lateral circulation in a stratified open channel on a 120 degree bend. Water Resources Research, 48(12), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Bartos, N., Norris, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2012). Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Stability of Thermal Plumes with Finite Width Source. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Gao, W., Lin, W., Liu, T., Armfield, S. (2012). Onset of asymmetry and three-dimensionality in transitional round fountains in a linearly stratified fluid. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Mahmud, H., Hill, B., Gao, W., Lin, W., He, Y., Armfield, S. (2012). PIV Study on the Interaction of Triple Transitional Round Fountains in a Homogeneous Fluid. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Djanali, V., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2012). Preconditioning in parallel for fractional step Navier-Stokes solvers. ANZIAM Journal, 53(EMAC2011), C19-C33.
  • Djanali, V., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2012). Scaling of the thermally coupled natural convection boundary layers on a conducting vertical plate. 7th International Symposium on Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer (THMT'12), Palermo, Italy: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Norris, S., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2012). Secondary flow in stratified open channel flow on a bend. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2012, Launceston, Tasmania: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Williamson, N. (2012). Shear driven purging of negatively buoyant fluid from trapezoidal depressions and cavities. Physics of Fluids, 24(2), 1-25. [More Information]
  • Zecevic, V., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2012). Stability and accuracy of various difference schemes for the lattice Boltzmann method. ANZIAM Journal, 53, C494-C510.
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2012). Stability and transition in the near-field of pure thermal planar plumes. Seventh International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ICCFD7), Hawaii: ICCFD.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2012). Transition to oscillatory flow in a differentially heated cavity with a conducting partition. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 693(25 February 2012), 93-114. [More Information]
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2012). Transitional ventilated filling box flow with a line heat source. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55(13-14), 3650-3665. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2012). Unified Prandtl number scaling for start-up and fully developed natural-convection boundary layers for both Pr ≳1 and Pr ≲1 fluids with isothermal heating. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 86(6), 066312-1-066312-10. [More Information]

2011

  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2011). A Second Law Approach to the Thermal Management of Raised Floor Data Centres. 7th International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer (ICCHMT 2011), Turkey: International Centre for Applied Thermodynamics (ICAT).
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2011). Combined natural convection cooling of a drink can. ANZIAM Journal, 52(1), 59-68. [More Information]
  • Djanali, V., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2011). Comparison of approximate inverse preconditioners for the fractional step Navier--Stokes equations. ANZIAM Journal, 52, C581-C595.
  • Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S., Nagarathinam, S. (2011). Cooling solutions in an operational data centre: A case study. Applied Thermal Engineering, 31(14-15), 2279-2291. [More Information]
  • Verstraete, D., Ling, J., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2011). Development of a micro turboprop for high altitude UAV propulsion. 20th ISABE Conference 2011, Sweden: International Society for Airbreathing Engines.
  • Verstraete, D., Ling, J., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2011). Development of a micro turboprop to extend altitude capabilities of small UAVs. AIAC-14 Fourteenth Australian International Aerospace Congress APISAT 2011, Melbourne, Australia: WALDRONSMITHManagement.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2011). Forced turbulent fountain flow behaviour. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 671, 535-558. [More Information]
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2011). Natural convection in a sidewall heated cube using an immersed boundary method. ANZIAM Journal, 52, C535-C548.
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Maruyama, S., Komiya, A. (2011). Numerical study of a transitional natural ventilation flow driven by a line source plume with varied Reynolds and Prandtl numbers. Computational Thermal Sciences, 3(6), 511-519. [More Information]
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2011). Rack Level Thermal-flow Analysis of Data Centres. 9th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference - 9AHMTC, Melbourne, Australia: Australasian Fluid and Thermal Engineering Society (AFTES).
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S. (2011). Stability characteristics of conjugate natural convection boundary layers. ANZIAM Journal, 52, C696-C709.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Naimo, M., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2011). The Effect of Room Configuration on Thermal Performance of Data Centres with Detailed Rack Models. Eighth International Conference on Flow Dynamics, Tohoku, Japan: GCOE Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University.
  • Zecevic, V., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2011). The lattice Boltzmann method for turbulent channel flows using graphics processing units. ANZIAM Journal, 52, C914-C931.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2011). The stability of conjugate natural convection boundary layers on a conducting vertical partition in an open or closed rectangular cavity. 9th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference - 9AHMTC, Melbourne, Australia: Australasian Fluid and Thermal Engineering Society (AFTES).
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M., Norris, S. (2011). Transitional High Prandtl Number Plumes with an Iso-thermal Source. 9th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference - 9AHMTC, Melbourne, Australia: Australasian Fluid and Thermal Engineering Society (AFTES).

2010

  • Armfield, S., Williamson, N., Kirkpatrick, M., Street, R. (2010). A divergence free fractional-step method for the Navier-Stokes equations on non-staggered grids. ANZIAM Journal, 51, C654-C667.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Wong, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Addressing Thermal Challenges in Design of Data Centres. ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis (ESDA2010), Istanbul, Turkey: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., Lin, W. (2010). Critical Froude number for transition from a steady to an unsteady plane fountain injected into a homogeneous fluid. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Fakhim, B., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Effect of under-floor blockages and perforated tile openings on the performance of raised-floor data centres. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2010). Entrainment in turbulent fountain flow. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Bartos, N., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Fluid Mechanics of Displacement Air-Conditioning. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Fakhim, B., Behnia, M., Armfield, S., Nagarathinam, S. (2010). Heat Transfer and Air-Flow Analysis of a Non-Uniformly Cooled Data Centre. 7th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics (HEFAT 2010), Turkey: HEFAT.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2010). Line fountain behavior at low-Reynolds number. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53(9-10), 2065-2073. [More Information]
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Natural convection flows in reservoir sidearms using Large Eddy Simulation and an Immersed Boundary Method. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Nateghi, M., Armfield, S. (2010). Natural Convection Ventilation In Fully Open Enclosures. 14th International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC14), USA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
  • Lehmann, R., Reddy, R., Armfield, S. (2010). Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Helicopter Fuselage Aerodynamics. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2010). Numerical Simulation of a Natural Ventilation Flow with a Line Heat Source Using Various Advection Schemes. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., Maruyama, S., Komiya, A. (2010). Numerical Study of 3D Nonlinear Disturbance Growth in Transitional Natural Convection. 14th International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC14), USA: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S. (2010). The stability of conjugate natural convection boundary layers. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2010). Transition behaviour of weak turbulent fountains. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 655, 306-326. [More Information]
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2010). Two- and Three- Dimensional Simulation of Combined Natural Convection Cooling of a Drink Can. 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Hattori, T., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2010). Two-dimensional numerical simulation of a steady-state buoyancy-driven flow in a semi-confined enclosure with a line heat source. 9th World Congress on Computational Mechanics and 4th Asian Pacific Congress on Computational Mechanics WCCM-APCOM 2010, Sydney: IOP Publishing. [More Information]

2009

  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2009). A framework for memetic optimization using variable global and local surrogate models. Soft Computing: a fusion of foundations methodologies and applications, 13(8-9), 781-793. [More Information]
  • Li, Q., Yu, J., Schellekens, M., Zhou, S., Li, W., Armfield, S., Appleyard, R. (2009). Characterization and Design of 3D Scaffolds for Biofluidic Criteria. IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence for Measurement Systems and Applications CIMSA 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2009). Combined Natural Convection Cooling of a Drink Can. The Fourth International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications, Abu Dhabi, UAE: The Petroleum Institute.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2009). Impinging plane fountains in a homogeneous fluid. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52(11-12), 2614-2623. [More Information]
  • Gillam, N., Armfield, S., Kirkpatrick, M. (2009). Influence of a channel bend on the purging of saline fluid from a cavity by an overflow of fresh water. ANZIAM Journal, 50, C990-C1003.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2009). Laminar plane fountains impinging on a ceiling with an opposing heat flux. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52(19-20), 4545-4552. [More Information]
  • McBain, G., Chubb, T., Armfield, S. (2009). Numerical solution of the Orr-Sommerfeld equation using the viscous Green function and split-Gaussian quadrature. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 224(1), 397-404. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Komiya, A., Maruyama, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2009). Nutrient Transport from an Artificial Upwelling of Deep Sea Water. Journal of Oceanography, 65(3), 349-359. [More Information]
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2009). Open boundary conditions in numerical simulations of unsteady incompressible flow. ANZIAM Journal, 50, C760-C773.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J., Lei, C. (2009). Prandtl number scaling of unsteady natural convection boundary layers for Pr>1 fluids under isothermal heating. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 79(6), 066313-1-066313-8.
  • Dittko, K., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2009). Representation of non-rectangular boundaries in numerical simulations of natural convection flows in reservoir sidearms. The 18th World IMACS Congress and MODSIM09 International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Cairns: Modelling/Simulation Society of Aus and NZ & International Assoc for Math and Comp in Simulation.
  • Bednarz, T., Lin, W., Patterson, J., Lei, C., Armfield, S. (2009). Scaling for unsteady thermo-magnetic convection boundary layer of paramagnetic fluids of Pr> 1 in micro-gravity conditions. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 30(6), 1157-1170. [More Information]
  • Patterson, J., Lei, C., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2009). Scaling of unsteady natural convection boundary layers with a non-instantaneous initiation. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 48, 1843-1852. [More Information]

2008

  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2008). A Versatile Surrogate-Assisted Memetic Algorithm for Optimization of Computationally Expensive Functions and its Engineering Applications. In Shan, Y. and Yang, A. and Bui, L. T. (Eds.), Success in Evolutionary Computation, (pp. 43-72). Berlin, Germany: Springer.
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2008). Comparison of a 2D axisymmetric CFD model of a natural draft wet cooling tower and a 1D model. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 2227-2236. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2008). Direct numerical simulation of turbulent intermediate Froude number fountain flow. The A N Z I A M Journal, 50, C16-C30.
  • Nagarathinam, S., McBain, G., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2008). Height and stability of laminar plane fountains in a homogeneous fluid. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51(19-20), 4717-4727. [More Information]
  • Nagarathinam, S., Komiya, A., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., Maruyama, S. (2008). Laminar Plane Free-fountains in a Homogeneous Fluid. Fifth International Conference on Flow Dynamics (ICFD5), Korea: Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers (KSME).
  • Williamson, N., Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., McBain, G., Lin, W. (2008). Low-Reynolds-number fountain behaviour. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 608, 297-317.
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2008). Metamodel accuracy assessment in evolutionary optimization. 2008 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC 2008), Hong Kong: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., McBain, G., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2008). Natural Convection in the Cavity with the Differentially Heated Isoflux Boundaries. The A N Z I A M Journal, 48, C977-C990.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2008). Numerical Simulation of Flow in a Natural Draft Wet Cooling Tower - the Effect of Radial Thermofluid Fields. Applied Thermal Engineering, 28(2-3), 178-189. [More Information]
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2008). On the stability and performance of the projection-3 method for the time integration of the Navier-Stokes equations. The A N Z I A M Journal, 49, C559-C575.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2008). Onset of entrainment in transitional round fountains. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51(21-22), 5226-5237. [More Information]
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2008). Prandtl number scaling of the natural convection flow over an evenly heated vertical plate (Pr > 1). CHT-08 ICHMT Fourth International Symposium on Advances in Computational Heat Transfer, Connecticut, USA: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2008). Thermal optimization of a natural draft wet cooling tower. International Journal of Energy Research, 32(14), 1349-1361.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2008). Unsteady natural convection boundary-layer flow of a linearly-stratified fluid with Pr<1 on an evenly heated semi-infinite vertical plate. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 327-343. [More Information]
  • Lei, C., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2008). Unsteady natural convection in a water-filled isoceles triangular enclosure heated from below. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 2637-2650. [More Information]
  • Komiya, A., Williamson, N., Nagarathinam, S., Behnia, M., Armfield, S., Maruyama, S. (2008). Visualization of Upwelled Saline Flow and its Transition Behaviour from Steady to Oscillatory regimes. The 19th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena (ISTP-19), Iceland: University of Iceland, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science.

2007

  • Gonzalez, C., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2007). A computational study of the influence of the injection characteristics on micro-turbine combustion. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2007). A Memetic Algorithm Using a Trust-Region Derivative-Free Optimization with Quadratic Modelling for Optimization of Expensive and Noisy Black-box Functions. In Yang, Shengxiang; Ong, Yew-Soon; Jin, Yaochu (Eds.), Evolutionary Computation in Dynamic and Uncertain Environments, (pp. 389-415). Germany: Springer.
  • Tenne, J., Obayashi, S., Armfield, S. (2007). Airfoil Shape Optimization by Minimization of an Expensive and Discontinuous Black-box Function. AIAA Infotech@Aerospace 2007, Reston, Va, USA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
  • Jiracheewanun, S., McBain, G., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2007). Base Solution for Natural Convection Flow in Isoflux Heated Cavity. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., McBain, G., Lin, W. (2007). Characterisation of Low Reynolds Number Fountain Behaviour. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Gonzalez, C., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2007). Computational study of a micro-turbine engine combustor using large eddy simulation and Reynolds averaged turbulence models. The A N Z I A M Journal, 49, C407-C422.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2007). Cooling of a Pr < 1 fluid in a rectangular container. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 574, 85-108.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2007). Cooling of a Pr < 1 fluid in a rectangular container. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 574(-), 85-108.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Patterson, J. (2007). Direct simulation of transitional plane fountains in a homogeneous fluid. The A N Z I A M Journal, 48, C692-C708.
  • Lei, C., Armfield, S., Patterson, J., O'Neill, A. (2007). Effects of Corner Geometry and Adiabatic Extensions on Heat Transfer through a Differentially Heated Square Cavity. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Gillam, N., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2007). Influence of Start-Up Time on the Purging of Salt Water by an Overflow of Fresh Water. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S., Desrayaud, G. (2007). Instability of the buoyancy layer on an evenly heated vertical wall. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 587, 453-469.
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2007). Managing the Optimization Search in Surrogate-Assisted Memetic Algorithms. The 7th International Conference on Optimization: Techniques and Applications (ICOTA7), Tokyo, Japan: Universal Academy Press, Inc.
  • Armfield, S., McBain, G., Lin, W., Jiracheewanun, S. (2007). Natural Convection Boundary Layers on Evenly Heated Plates. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference AHMTC 2005, Perth, Western Australia: Begell House Inc.
  • Ling, J., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2007). Numerical Investigation of a Small Gas Turbine Compressor. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Nagarathinam, S., Armfield, S., Lin, W. (2007). Numerical Simulation of Free-fountains in a Homogeneous Fluid. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • Djanali, V., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2007). RANS Simulations of a Small Turbine Cascade. The 4th WSEAS International Conference on FLUID MECHANICS (FLUIDS'07), Australia: WSEAS Press.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2007). Scaling Analysis and Simulation of Natural Convection Cooling of Fluid with Pr <1 in a Rectangular Container. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Armfield, S., Patterson, J., Lin, W. (2007). Scaling investigation of the natural convection boundary layer on an evenly heated plate. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50(7-8), 1592-1602.
  • Nateghi, M., Patterson, J., Armfield, S. (2007). Stratified natural convection flow in rectangular open cavities. The A N Z I A M Journal, 48, C542-C557.
  • Williamson, N., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2007). Sub-Filter Scale Models for Scalar Transport in Large Eddy Simulations. 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2007, Australia: University of Queensland.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S., Jiracheewanun, S. (2007). The Conduction and Convection Regimes in a Cavity with Evenly Heated and Cooled Vertical Walls. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2007). The Importance of Inlet Height to the Performance of a Natural Draft Wet Cooling Tower. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Williamson, N., Al-Waked, R., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2007). Thermal Performance of Natural Draft Cooling Towers. The Eighteenth International Symposium on Transport Phenomena (ISTP-18), Korea: Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers (KSME), Pacific Center of Thermal-Fluids Engineering (PCTFE).
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2007). Using Green's functions and Gaussian integration for two point boundary value problems on the ray. The A N Z I A M Journal, 48, C34-C49.

2006

  • Nagarathinam, S., Lin, W., McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2006). Direct Simulation Of Impinging Plane Fountains In A Homogeneous Fluid. 13th International Heat Transfer Conference IHTC 2006, Connecticut, USA: Begell House Inc.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2006). Direct Simulation of Transitional Axisymmetric Fountains in a Homogeneous Environment. 13th International Heat Transfer Conference IHTC 2006, Connecticut, USA: Begell House Inc.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., McBain, G., Behnia, M. (2006). Flow Features and Scaling analysis in Heated Cavity with lsoflux Boundaries. Third International Conference on Flow Dynamics, Japan: International COE of Flow Dynamics Tohoku University.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2006). Large-eddy simulation of turbulent channel flow using a finite-volume, fractional step method. Computational Fluid Dynamics Journal, 15(3), 325-337.
  • Djanali, V., Wong, K., Armfield, S. (2006). Numerical Simulations of Transition and Separation on a Small Turbine Cascade. WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, 1(9), 879-884.
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., McBain, G. (2006). Stability of Natural Convection Boundary Layer Flow on an Evenly Heated Vertical Plate. Flow Dynamics: the Second International Conference on Flow Dynamics (AIP 2005), USA: American Institute of Physics (AIP).

2005

  • Armfield, S., Street, R. (2005). A comparison of staggered and non-staggered grid Navier-Stokes solutions for the 8:1 cavity natural convection flow. The A N Z I A M Journal, 46(5), C918-C934.
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2005). A Note on the relation of Gaussian Elimination to the Conjugate Directions Algorithm. The A N Z I A M Journal, 46(5), C971-C986.
  • Gonzalez, L., Whitney, E., Srinivas, K., Armfield, S., Periaux, J. (2005). A robust evolutionary technique for couples and multidisciplinary design optimisation problems in aeronautics. Computational Fluid Dynamics Journal, 14(2), 142-153.
  • Tenne, J., Armfield, S. (2005). Efficiently Minimizing Expensive Cost Functions with a Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithm Using Clustering and a Derivative-Free-Optimizer: Preliminary Results. 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC 2005), Piscataway, NJ, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2005). Experimental and large eddy simulation results for the purging of salt water from a cavity by an overflow of fresh water. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48(2), 341-359.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2005). Long-term behavior of cooling fluid in a vertical cylinder. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48(1), 53-66.
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2005). Numerical Simulation of Heat and Mass Transfer in a Natural Draft Wet Cooling Tower and Comparisons with Existing One-Dimensional Methods. 4th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, and Thermodynamics : HEFAT 2005, Cairo, Egypt: Taylor and Francis.
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2005). Optimal Annular Fill and Water Flow Rate Profile in a Natural Draft. Flow Dynamics: the Second International Conference on Flow Dynamics (AIP 2005), USA: American Institute of Physics (AIP).
  • Fringer, O., Armfield, S., Street, R. (2005). Reducing numerical diffusion in interfacial gravity wave simulations. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 49, 301-329. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2005). Scaling analysis and simulation of natural convection cooling of fluid with Pr<1 in a rectangular container. 8th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (8th AHMTC 2005), Redding, Connecticut, United States: Begell House Inc.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2005). Scaling laws for unsteady natural convection cooling of fluid with Prandtl number less than one in a vertical cylinder. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 72(1), 016306-1-016306-12.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., McBain, G. (2005). Simulation and scaling for natural convection flow in a cavity with isothermal boundaries. 4th International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer - ICCHMT 2005, Paris-Cachan, France: Lavoisier.
  • Aberra, T., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2005). Stability of Natural Convection Boundary Layer Flow on an Evenly Heated Vertical Plate. Flow Dynamics: the Second International Conference on Flow Dynamics (AIP 2005), USA: American Institute of Physics (AIP).
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2005). Two-point boundary value problems, Green's functions, and product integration. The A N Z I A M Journal, 46(E), C245-C259.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2005). Unsteady natural convection on an evenly heated vertical plate for Prandtl number Pr<1. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 72(6), 016306-4-066309-17.

2004

  • Morgan, P., Auld, D., Armfield, S. (2004). A Comparison Of Eulerian And Langrangian Schemes For The Simulation Of An Impressible Planar Jet. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(Part E), C310-C325.
  • Morgan, P., Armfield, S. (2004). Direct Numerical Simulation Of Low Reynolds Number Incompressible Planar Jets. Computational Fluid Dynamics Journal, 13(1), 46-62.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2004). Direct Simulation Of Fountains With Intermediate Froude And Reynolds Numbers. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(E), C66-C77.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2004). Linear Stability Of Natural Convection On An Evenly Heated Vertical Wall. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2004). Long-Term Behavior Of Cooling Fluid in a Rectangular Container. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 69(5), article no. 056315.
  • Armfield, S., Street, R. (2004). Modified Fractional Step Methods For The Navier-Stokes Equations. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(Part E), C364-C377.
  • Gonzalez, L., Whitney, E., Srinivas, K., Armfield, S., Periaux, J. (2004). Multidisciplinary Aircraft Design And Optimisation Using A Robust Evolutionary Technique With Variable Fidelity Models. 10th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, Reston, VA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA).
  • Nateghi, M., Armfield, S. (2004). Natural Convection Flow Of Air In An Inclined Open Cavity. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(Part E), C870-C890.
  • McBain, G., Armfield, S. (2004). Natural Convection In A Vertical Slot: Accurate Solution Of The Linear Stability Equations. The A N Z I A M Journal, 45(E), C92-C105.
  • Zhao, Q., Armfield, S., Tanimoto, K. (2004). Numerical Simulation Of Breaking Waves By A Multi-Scale Turbulence Model. Coastal Engineering, 51(1), 53-80. [More Information]
  • Williamson, N., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2004). Numerical Simulation Of Heat And Mass Transfer In A Natural Draft Wet Cooling Tower. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2004). Scaling Analysis And Direct Simulation Of Unsteady Natural Convection Cooling Of Fluid With Pr<1 In A Vertical Cylinder. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Williamson, N., Al-Waked, R., Behnia, M., Armfield, S. (2004). Simulation Of Heat And Mass Transfer Inside Natural Draft Wet Cooling Towers Under Cross-Wind Conditions. 3rd International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics (HEFAT 2004), Philadelphia: Taylor and Francis.
  • Ohkubo, H., Behnia, M., Armfield, S., Munakata, T., Chandratilleke, R. (2004). Study On Heat Transfer In Frosting Process. The First International Forum on Heat Transfer (IFHT 2004), Sendai.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M. (2004). The Natural Convection Of Flow In A Square Cavity With Isoflux Sidewalls. The First International Forum on Heat Transfer (IFHT 2004), Sendai.
  • Jiracheewanun, S., Armfield, S., Behnia, M., McBain, G. (2004). The Transient Behaviour Of A Differentially Heated Cavity With Isoflux Boundaries. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Armfield, S., McBain, G. (2004). Three-Dimensional Transition In The Buoyancy Boundary Layer On An Evenly Heated Vertical Wall. 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2004, Australia: University of Sydney.

2003

  • Morgan, P., Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2003). A comparison of 2-D and 3-D solutions for incompressible bifurcating jets in stratified environments. 2nd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ICCFD 2002, Germany: Springer.
  • Armfield, S., Norris, S., Morgan, P., Street, R. (2003). A parallel non-staggered Navier-Stokes solver implemented on a workstation cluster. 2nd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ICCFD 2002, Germany: Springer.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Kent, J. (2003). A representation of curved boundaries for the solution of the Navier-Stokes equations on a staggered three-dimensional Cartesian grid. Journal of Computational Physics, 184(1), 1-36.
  • Morgan, P., Armfield, S. (2003). An investigation of the behaviour of planar jets using a time accurate fractional step scheme. The A N Z I A M Journal, 44, 550-568.
  • Armfield, S., Morgan, P., Srinvas, K. (2003). Computational fluid dynamics 2002. 2nd Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ICCFD 2002), New York: Springer.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Masri, A., Ibrahim, S. (2003). Large Eddy Simulation of a Propagating Turbulent Premixed Flame. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 70(1-4), 1-19.
  • Armfield, S., Debler, W. (2003). Large eddy simulation of the purging of density-stabilized basins. 2nd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ICCFD 2002, Germany: Springer.
  • Armfield, S., Street, R. (2003). The pressure accuracy of fractional-step methods for the Navier-Stokes equations on staggered grids. The A N Z I A M Journal, 44, C20-C39.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2003). The Reynolds and Prandtl number dependence of weak fountains. Computational Mechanics, 31(5), 379-389. [More Information]

2002

  • Armfield, S., Street, R. (2002). An analysis and comparison of the time accuracy of fractional-step- methods for the Navier-Stokes equations on staggered grids. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, , 255-282. [More Information]
  • Patterson, J., Graham, T., Schopf, W., Armfield, S. (2002). Boundary layer development on a semi-infinite suddenly heated vertical plate. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 453(Feb), 39-55.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S. (2002). Large eddy simulation of the purging of density-stabilised basins. 2nd International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ICCFD 2002, Germany: Springer.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Masri, A., Ibrahim, S. (2002). Numerical issues in large eddy simulation of premixed turbulent propagating flames. The Second Mediterranean Combustion Symposium.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S., Morgan, P. (2002). Unsteady natural convection boundary-layer flow along a vertical isothermal plate in a linearly stratified fluid with Pr > 1. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 45(2), 451-459.
  • Armfield, S., Schultz, A. (2002). Unsteady natural convection in tall side-heated cavities. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 40(8), 1009-1018. [More Information]
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2002). Weak fountains in a stratified fluid. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 66(6), 066308-1-066308-10. [More Information]

2001

  • Morgan, P., Armfield, S. (2001). Bifurcation of neutrally buoyant jets in stratified environments. 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Lin, W., Armfield, S. (2001). Natural convection cooling of rectangular and cylindrical containers. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 22, 72-81.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., Armfield, S., Masri, A., Ibrahim, S. (2001). On the application of compressible LES in unsteady premixed combustion. 3rd Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion. Ads & Adea.
  • Armfield, S., Javam, A. (2001). Simulation and scaling of unstable natural convection flow in stratified oen cavities. 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Javam, A., Armfield, S. (2001). Stability and transition of stratified natural convection flow in open cavities. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 445, 285-303.

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