Professor Timothy Langrish

B.E.(Chemical & Process), University of Canterbury, NZ, 1985; D.Phil. (Engineering Science), University of Oxford, UK, 1989
Professor and Head of School
School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

J01 - Chemical Engineering Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 4568
Fax +61 2 9351 2854

Website School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Centre for Sustainable Energy Development

Drying and Process Technology Group

Biographical details

Professor Langrish is a world leader in drying technology, particularly spray drying and the drying of timber. His work, with Professor Fletcher, on transient flows in spray dryers, has uncovered new types of flow instabilities that are fundamental to improving practical outcomes in reducing the deposition of particles on spray dryer walls. This achievement is scientifically significant because it applies advanced computational modelling and physical understanding to the solution of important and common industrial process engineering problems.

His recent work to develop crystallization in drying has the potential to improve the use of resources by combining crystallization and drying, which traditionally are done separately, into one operation. The industrial significance and application of this work can be judged from the improvements in productivity and quality that have been achieved for local dairy and timber industries.

Research interests

Professor Tim Langrish's research activities span a wide range of areas, but share a common goal of improving our quality of life. The means by which he is working to achieve this include reducing the recurrence of cancer, improving nutrition and lowering energy consumption in industry.

"I work in a range of areas including food process engineering, drying technology, energy and energy quality, solar kilns, timber drying and spray-drying technologies.

"One aspect of my research aims to assist in reducing cancer recurrence by improving the quality of foods, including adding extracts from citrus fruits to cereals. Our treatment of acute cancer issues is increasingly effective but cancer recurrence remains a significant concern, which this project is working to address.

"I am also working on new crystallisation and drying technologies that will enable us to create powdered fruit juices and milks with improved storage stability. This will allow these products to be made available in areas without access to refrigerated transport, improving the health of people in those areas, and is also a very important development in the Australian manufacturing industry.

"Other projects involve making salt that tastes saltier than normal salt, so that people can reduce their salt intake while retaining the same perception of saltiness; assisting Australian manufacturers of solar kilns to maintain their world lead in solar kiln design; and reducing energy use in industry, decreasing costs and enabling industries to maintain their competitive edge.

"The common objective of all of my work is to improve quality of life.

"I've been working in this field for the past 25 years. A strong and broadly based academic institution like the University of Sydney is essential to maintaining steady progress in this kind of work, whose complexity requires multidisciplinary and multi-faceted approaches to be taken. The University of Sydney is the best environment for providing this support."

Teaching and supervision

CHNG2803 - Energy and Fluid Systems Practice

CHNG4203 - Major Industrial Project

CHNG5205 - Major Industrial Placement Project

CHNG5703 - Foundations of Energy and Fluid Systems

Awards and honours

  • John Blackett Prize in Engineering, University of Canterbury, 1984
  • Rutherford Scholarship, Royal Society (London), 1985
  • Commonwealth Scholarship
  • Prince of Wales Cambridge Trust Scholarship
  • Rutherford Fellowship (University of Canterbury, New Zealand)
  • 1851 Research Fellowship Scholarship
  • Best Paper Award, Seventh International Drying Symposium IDS 90, Prague, 1990
  • Skellerup Award (Best Paper in Chemical and Process Engineering), Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand, 1993
  • Best Paper, 6th Asia Pacific Drying Conference (with S. Wang), Bangkok, Thailand, 2009
  • Drying Process Innovation Award, 6th Asia Pacific Drying Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, 2009
  • Fellow, Institution of Engineers, Australia
  • Fellow, Institution of Chemical Engineers (UK)

In the media

  • A new formula for spray-drying milk [22 October 2013]

    University of Sydney

    Spray-drying methods for milk based products such as baby formula or other powdered milks could be improved according to chemical engineers at the University of Sydney who have analysed curr... More...

Selected grants

2014

  • Making the most of every opportunity: Innovative solutions for the Australian food industry in the 21st century.; Raubenheimer D, Dehghani F, Kavanagh J, Barton G, Langrish T, Gomes V, Fletcher D, Abbas A, Downard K, Dong Q, Chae S, McConchie R, Copeland L, Phan-Thien K, Arab-Tehrany E, Regtop H, Lang T, Ryan D, Wright G, Ling L, Cuthbertson A, Heatley R, Adil Q, Challacombe B, Simonetta M, Norman K; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Industrial Transformation Training Centres (ITTC).

2013

  • Dynamic input adjustment to improve the stability of transient swirling flows in spray dryers; Abbas A, Fletcher D, Langrish T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • An automated 3D electron microscopy imaging system comprising a 3View2 and field-emission scanning electron microscope; Liu Z, Chen M, Copeland L, Crawford J, Langrish T, Li Q, Mai Y, Overall R, Weiss A, Ye L; DVC Research/Equipment Grant.

2012

  • Study of intergrated bioextraction of nutritional materials from wastes and spray drying them to manufacture functional food powders.; Langrish T, Shi J, Liu Z; DVC International/IPDF Grant.
  • Improving the Scale-Up of Spray Drying for Bioactive Extracts and Fibres; Langrish T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2010

  • Implementing crystallization in fluidized bed processing; Langrish T; Dairy Innovation Australia Ltd/Processes and Products Research Grants.
  • Surface Energy Analyser (SEA); Traini D, Young P, Chan H, Rohanizadeh R, Bilek M, Langrish T, Gomes V; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2009

  • 2009/Round 2/ARC Linkage Project LP0990341, Developing new multifunctional layered particles with no; Langrish T; Vic Cherikoff Food Services Pty Ltd/Project Support.
  • Improving Powder Properties by Using Spray Dryers to Process Amorphous Components of Solids into Crystalline Materials; Langrish T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Improving iron ore agglomeration by studying underlying mechanisms using experimental studies and dimensional analysis; Loo C, Langrish T, See H; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Developing New Multifunction Layered Particles with Novel Modular Food Processing Systems; Langrish T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2008

  • A Laser Facility for Imaging the Time Evolution of Scalars in Turbulent Flows; Moghtaderi B, Masri A, Nathan G, Langrish T, Dally B, King K, Alwahabi Z; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).
  • Enhancing the Production of Functional Food Powders by Studying Reaction Processes in Spray Dryers; Langrish T, Lang T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Exploiting Resonance in Improving Dried Timber Quality by Optimizing Cyclic Drying Processes in Solar Kilns; Langrish T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Using Spray Dryers as Crystallizers for Processing Amorphous Components of solids into Crystalline M; Langrish T; University of Sydney/Bridging Support.
  • A Laser Facility for Imaging the Time Evolution of Scalars in Turbulent Flows; Masri A, Dally B, King K, Alwahabi Z, Nathan G, Moghtaderi B, Langrish T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2007

  • Linkage 2007 Round One for funding commencing January 2008 - Exploiting Resonance in Improving Dried; Ganguli A, Langrish T; Australian Choice Timber Supplies Pty Ltd/Project Support.
  • Map the outcomes from sintering experiments (sinter pots and full industrial scale sintering production) onto coalescence maps; Loo B, Langrish T; BHP Billiton Innovation Pty Ltd/Research Grant.
  • Surface Modification of Spray-Dried Powders By Surface-Active Proteins; Langrish T, Bhandari B, Howes T, Adhikari B; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2005

  • Particulate Characterisation for Pharmaceutical and Engineering Applications; Coombes A, Amal R, Romagnoli J, Valix M, Langrish T, Stewart P, Yang R, Chan H; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2004

  • Understanding and controlling wall deposition in spray dryers via experimental and CFD studies; Langrish T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • A new drying model for the kiln drying and reconditioning of timber; Langrish T; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).

2003

  • Linkage 2003 -The development of new carrier technologies for spray-dried fruit extracts LP0348962; Edwards K, Chiou D, Langrish T; Lang Technologies Pty Ltd/Project Support.
  • Improving the processing of timber from plantation forests: the challenge of managing variability; Langrish T, Dickson R, Joie W; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • The development of new carrier technologies for spray-dried fruit extracts; Langrish T, Lang T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2002

  • Linkage 2003 Round One - Improving the Processing of Timber from Plantation Forests: the Challenge o; Cornish L, Langrish T; State Forests of NSW/Project Support.
  • Design and Optimisation of Spinning Cone Columns; Langrish T, Fletcher D, Sykes S, Prince R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Linkage 2002 - Design and Optimisation of Spinning Cone Columns LP0210715; Langrish T; Vamhire Pty Limited/Project Support.
  • Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Eulerian and Lagrangian Simulations for Spray Dryers; Langrish T; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).

2001

  • An experimental and computational study of agglomeration in spray dryers; Langrish T, Fletcher D; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).

2000

  • Improving the operation of commercial spray dryers with nozzle atomisers; Langrish T; Dairy Research and Development Corporation (DRDC)/Research Grant.
  • Correlations for pressure drop and flooding limits in Spinning Cone Columns research agreement between Vamhire Pty Ltd and The University of Sydney; Sykes S, Langrish T; Vamhire Pty Ltd T/as Flavourtech Research/BLO Project.
  • Modelling mass-transfer performance and flooding behaviour of spinning cone columns; Langrish T, Prince R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).
  • Reducing product waste and increasing throughput of commercial spray driers; Langrish T; Dairy Research and Development Corporation (DRDC)/Postdoctural Fellowship.
  • An experimental and computational study of transient swirling flows; Fletcher D, Langrish T, Haynes B; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).
  • Improving the processing of waste streams from wine and fruit production to give high-value products; Langrish T, Kockel T; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Strategic Partnerships with Industry - Research and Training (SPIRT).
  • Use of CFD in the development of advanced kiln-drying strategies: agreement between The University of Canterbury, New Zealand, and The University of Sydney.; Keey R, Langrish T; University of Canterbury New Zealand/BLO Project.

1999

  • SPIRT 2000: Improving the processing of waste streams from wine and fruit productions to give high-v; Langrish T, Ozmen L.

Selected publications

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Books

  • Genskow, L., Beimesch, W., Hecht, J., Kemp, I., Langrish, T., Schwartzbach, C., Smith, L. (2008). Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook 8th Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Book Chapters

  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2013). Modelling crystallization in spray drying for food powder production. In Bhesh Bhandari, Nidhi Bansal, Min Zhang, Pierre Schuck (Eds.), Handbook of food powders: Processes and properties, (pp. 105-131). Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
  • Langrish, T., Walker, J. (2006). Chapter 8. Drying of Timber. In Walker J.C.F. (Eds.), Primary wood processing: Principles and Practice, (pp. 251-295). Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.

Journals

  • Saffari, M., Langrish, T. (2014). Effect of lactic acid in-process crystallization of lactose/protein powders during spray drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 137(September 2014), 88-94. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Wang, E., Das, D. (2014). Solid-phase crystal growth kinetics of spray-dried glucose powders. Food and Bioproducts Processing, Article in press. [More Information]
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T., Adhikari, B. (2013). A Multicomponent Distributed Parameter Model for Spray Drying: Model Development and Validation with Experiments. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(13-14), 1513-1524. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Premarajah, R. (2013). Antioxidant capacity of spray-dried plant extracts: Experiments and simulations. Advanced Powder Technology, 24(4), 771-779. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2013). Comparative study of deteriorative changes in the ageing of milk powder. Journal of Food Engineering, 114(1), 14-21. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2013). Comparing Continuous and Cyclic Drying Schedules for Processing Hardwood Timber: The Importance of Mechanosorptive Strain. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(10), 1091-1098. [More Information]
  • Edrisi Sormoli, M., Das, D., Langrish, T. (2013). Crystallization behavior of lactose/sucrose mixtures during water-induced crystallization. Journal of Food Engineering, 116(4), 873-880. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Edrisi Sormoli, M., Langrish, T. (2013). Improving Process Yield by Adding WPI to Lactose During Crystallization and Spray Drying Under High-Humidity Conditions. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(4), 393-404. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Langrish, T. (2013). Interpreting the Activated Rate Theory for Solid-Phase Crystallization: Comparing Lactose and Sucrose. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(12), 1320-1333. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2013). Mathematical modelling of the heat and moisture diffusion in a dairy powder particle with crystallisation phase change within the particle matrix. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 61(1), 615-626. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Edrisi Sormoli, M., Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2013). The Effect of Different Plasticizers on Lactose Crystallization During Spray Drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(15), 1856-1862. [More Information]
  • Ahmad, J., Kausmann, T., Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2013). The Effect of Fats in Whey Protein Isolate Powder. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(6), 619-632. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Lin, S., Edrisi Sormoli, M., Langrish, T. (2013). The effects of WPI and Gum Arabic inhibition on the solid-phase crystallisation kinetics of lactose at different concentrations. Food Research International, 54(1), 318-323. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Langrish, T. (2012). Activated-rate theory: Effect of protein inhibition and the temperature dependence of crystallization kinetics for lactose-protein mixtures. Food Research International, 48(2), 367-373. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Langrish, T. (2012). An activated-state model for the prediction of solid-phase crystallization growth kinetics in dried lactose particles. Journal of Food Engineering, 109(4), 691-700. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Langrish, T. (2012). Combined Crystallization and Drying in a Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 30(9), 998-1007. [More Information]
  • Ahmad, J., Langrish, T. (2012). Optimisation of Total Phenolic Acids Extraction from Mandarin Peels Using Microwave Energy: The Importance of the Maillard Reaction. Journal of Food Engineering, 109(1), 162-174. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2012). Releasing Fat in Whole Milk Powder during Fluidized Bed Drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 30(10), 1081-1087. [More Information]
  • Edrisi Sormoli, M., Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2012). The Effect of Chitosan Hydrogen Bonding on Lactose Crystallinity During Spray Drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 108(4), 541-548. [More Information]
  • Chilcott, T., Halimanto, D., Langrish, T., Kavanagh, J., Coster, H. (2011). Characterizing Moisture Content and Gradients in Pinus Radiata Soft Wood Using Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy. Drying Technology: an international journal, 29(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Hong, L., Langrish, T. (2011). CO2 Capture Using Whey Protein Isolate. Chemical Engineering Journal, 171(3), 1069-1081. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2011). Crystallization and Drying of Milk Powder in a Multiple-Stage Fluidized Bed Dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 29(9), 1046-1057.
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2011). Egg-Shell Like Structure in Dried Milk Powders. Food Research International, 44(1), 39-45. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2011). Fast crystallization of lactose and milk powder in fluidized bed dryer/crystallizer. Dairy Science and Technology, 91(3), 323-340.
  • Johnson, P., Langrish, T. (2011). Inversion Temperature and Pinch Analysis, Ways to Thermally Optimize Drying Processes. Drying Technology: an international journal, 29, 488-507. [More Information]
  • Wang, S., Konkol, E., Langrish, T. (2011). Spray Drying of Fruit Juice Using Proteins as Additives. Drying Technology: an international journal, 29(16), 1868-1875.
  • Syed Muhammad, S., Langrish, T., Tang, P., Adi, H., Chan, H., Kazarian, S., Dehghani, F. (2010). A novel method for the production of crystalline micronised particles. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 388(1-2), 114-122. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2010). An Investigation into Lactose Crystallization Under High Temperature Conditions During Spray Drying. Food Research International, 43(1), 46-56. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Sherrell, R., Langrish, T. (2010). An Investigation of the Relationship between Glass Transition Temperatures and the Crystallinity of Spray-Dried Powders. Drying Technology: an international journal, 28(3), 361-368.
  • Liang, Z., Langrish, T. (2010). Control of crystallization and caking of skim milk powder in fluidized beds: A preliminary study. Dairy Science and Technology, 90(2 to 3), 345-353. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T., Chiou, D. (2010). Particle Crystallization During Spray Drying in Humid Air. Journal of Food Engineering, 99(1), 55-62. [More Information]
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T., Leszczynski, M. (2010). The Effect of Casein as a Spray-Drying Additive on the Sorption and Crystallization Behavior of Lactose. Drying Technology: an international journal, 28(3), 422-429. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2010). The Effect of Different Atomizing Gases and Drying Media on the Crystallization Behavior of Spray-Dried Powders. Drying Technology: an international journal, 28(9), 1035-1043. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Ahmad Husni, H., Langrish, T. (2010). The Effects of Operating Conditions on Lactose Crystallization in a Pilot-scale Spray Dryer. Journal of Food Engineering, 100(3), 551-556. [More Information]
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2010). The Use of Surface Active Compounds as Additives in Spray Drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 28(3), 341-348.
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2009). A distributed parameter model for particles in the spray drying process. Advanced Powder Technology, 20, 220-226. [More Information]
  • Shi, J., Langrish, T., Guolin, H. (2009). Adsorption of Chromium(VI) from Aqueous Solutions Using Cross-Linked Magnetic Chitosan Beads. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 48(5), 2646-2651. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2009). Assessing the relative tendency of different materials to crystallize in spray drying: A comparison between sodium chloride and lactose. Journal of Food Engineering, 91(4), 521-525. [More Information]
  • Baini, R., Langrish, T. (2009). Assessment of colour development in dried bananas measurements and implications for modelling. Journal of Food Engineering, 93(2), 177-182. [More Information]
  • El Zein, A., Langrish, T., Balaam, N. (2009). Blended Teaching and Learning of Computer Programming Skills in Engineering Curricula. Advances in Engineering Education, 1(3), 1-18.
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2009). Comparing the crystallization of sucrose and lactose in spray dryers. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 87(2), 87-95. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Wang, S. (2009). Crystallization Rates for Amorphous Sucrose and Lactose Powders from Spray Drying: A Comparison. Drying Technology: an international journal, 27(4), 606-614.
  • Langrish, T. (2009). Multi-scale mathematical modelling of spray dryers. Journal of Food Engineering, 93(2), 218-228. [More Information]
  • Guolin, H., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2009). Removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution using activated carbon modified with nitric acid. Chemical Engineering Journal, 152(2-3), 434-439. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2009). Scale-adaptive simulation (SAS) modelling of a pilot-scale spray dryer. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 87(10), 1371-1378. [More Information]
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2008). A comparison of crystallisation approaches in spray drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 88(2), 177-185. [More Information]
  • Yeoh, S., Zhang, S., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2008). A Comparison of Different Techniques for Water-based Extraction of Pectin from Orange Peels. Chemical Engineering Communications, 195(5), 511-520.
  • Baini, R., Langrish, T. (2008). An assessment of the mechnisms for diffusion in the drying of bananas. Journal of Food Engineering, 85(2), 201-214. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Assessing the rate of solid-phase crystallization for lactose: the effect of the difference between material and glass-transition temperatures. Food Research International, 41(6), 630-636. [More Information]
  • Nijdam, J., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2008). Assessment of an Eulerian CFD model for prediction of dilute dispersion in turbulent jet. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 32(12), 2686-2705. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Characteristic drying curves for cellulosic fibres. Chemical Engineering Journal, 137(3), 677-680. [More Information]
  • Yeoh, S., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2008). Comparisons between different techniques for water-based extraction of pectin from orange peels. Desalination, 218(1-3), 229-237. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Degradation of Vitamin C in Spray Dryers and Temperature and Moisture Content Profiles in these Dryers. Food Bioprocess Technology, Online, 1-9. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., See, H. (2008). Diverse assessment methods in group work settings. Education for Chemical Engineers, 3, e40-e46. [More Information]
  • Blakemore, P., Langrish, T. (2008). Effect of collapse on fitted diffusion coefficients for Victorian ash eucalypts. Wood Science and Technology: journal of the international academy of wood science, 42(6), 535-549. [More Information]
  • Huang, G., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2008). Environmentally friendly bagasse pulping with NH4OH-KOH-AQ. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(12), 1287-1293. [More Information]
  • Smith, S., Langrish, T. (2008). Multicomponent Solid Modeling of Continuous and Intermittent Drying of Pinus radiata Sapwood Below the Fiber Saturation Point. Drying Technology: an international journal, 26(7), 844-854.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T., Braham, R. (2008). Partial crystallization behavior during spray drying: simulations and experiments. Drying Technology: an international journal, 26(1), 27-38.
  • Langrish, T., Chiou, D. (2008). Stabilization of moisture sorption in spray-dried bioactive compounds by using novel fibre carriers to crystallize the powders. International Journal of Food Engineering, 4(1), 1-7.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T., Braham, R. (2008). The effect of temperature on the crystallinity of lactose powders produced by spray drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 86(2), 288-293. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2008). The effect of the salt content on the crystallization behaviour and sorption fingerprints of spray dried lactose. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 86(4), 304-311. [More Information]
  • Smith, S., Langrish, T. (2008). The Effects of Partial Extraction on Drying Behavior for Pinus radiata Sapwood. Drying Technology: an international journal, 26(10), 1217-1224.
  • Lamy, T., Collins, N., Langrish, T. (2008). Use of water deposition to study the main factors in wall collisions of droplets in a pharmaceutical-scale spray dryer. Atomization and Sprays, 18(6), 523-551.
  • Langrish, T., Kota, K. (2007). A comparison of collision kernels for sprays from one and two-nozzle atomisation systems. Chemical Engineering Journal, 126, 131-138. [More Information]
  • Huang, G., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2007). A new pulping process for wheat straw to reduce problems with the discharge of black liquor. Bioresource Technology, 98(15), 2829-2835. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Kota, K. (2007). Assessing the Depostion of a Water Spray on a Plate in a Simple Box Configuration Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Chemical Product and Process Modeling, 2(3), 1-33.
  • Baini, R., Langrish, T. (2007). Choosing an appropriate drying model for intermittent and continuous drying of bananas. Journal of Food Engineering, 79(1), 330-343. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Chan, W., Kota, K. (2007). Comparison of maltodextrin and skim milk wall deposition rates in a pilot-scale spray dryer. Powder Technology, 179(1-2), 84-89.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2007). Crystallization of amorphous components in spray-dried powders. Drying Technology: an international journal, 25(9), 1427-1435.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2007). Development and characterisation of novel nutraceuticals with spray drying technology. Journal of Food Engineering, 82(1), 84-91. [More Information]
  • Blakemore, P., Langrish, T. (2007). Effect of mean moisture content on the steam reconditioning of collapsed Eucalyptus regnans. Wood Science and Technology: journal of the international academy of wood science, 41(1), 87-98. [More Information]
  • Ekwebelam, C., Ellis, B., Langrish, T. (2007). Extended testing of a simple granulation model. Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2, 137-143. [More Information]
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2007). Measurements of the Crystallization Rates of Amorphous Sucrose and LActose Powders from Spray Drying. International Journal of Food Engineering, 3(4), 1-1-1-19.
  • Haque, M., Riley, S., Langrish, T., Pang, S. (2007). Model predicted effect of process variables on kiln drying of Pinus radiata boards. Drying Technology: an international journal, 25(3), 455-461.
  • Langrish, T. (2007). New engineered particles from spray dryers: Research needs in spray drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 25(6), 981-993.
  • Huang, G., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2007). NH4OH-KOH pulping mechanisms and kinetics of rice straw. Bioresource Technology, 98(6), 1218-1223. [More Information]
  • Kota, K., Langrish, T. (2007). Predication of wall deposition behaviour in a pilot-scale spray dryer using deposition coreelations for pipe flows. Zhejiang University Journal (Science A): applied physics and engineering, 8(2), 301-312.
  • Kota, K., Langrish, T. (2007). Prediction of Deposition Patterns in a Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Simulations. Chemical Product and Process Modeling, 2(3), 1-20.
  • Hanus, M., Langrish, T. (2007). Re-entrainment of wall deposits from a laboratory-scale spray dryer. Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2(2), 90-107. [More Information]
  • Hanus, M., Langrish, T. (2007). Resuspension of wall deposits in spray dryers. Zhejiang University Journal (Science A): applied physics and engineering, 8(11), 1757-1769.
  • Pordage, L., Langrish, T. (2007). Stack-wide behavior for hardwood drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 25(10), 1779-1789.
  • Langrish, T., Marquez, N., Kota, K. (2006). An investigation and quantitative assessment of particle shape in milk powders from a laboratory-scale spray dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 24(12), 1619-1630.
  • Gomes, V., Barton, G., Petrie, J., Romagnoli, J., Holt, P., Abbas, A., Cohen, B., Harris, A., Haynes, B., Langrish, T., Orellana, J., See, H., Valix, M., White, D. (2006). Chemical Engineering Curriculum renewal. Education for Chemical Engineers, 1(1), 116-125.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, E. (2006). Crystallization of powders of spray-dried lactose, skim milk and lactose-salt mixtures. International Journal of Food Engineering, 2(4, Article 8), 1-15.
  • Valencia-Bejarano, M., Nijdam, J., Langrish, T. (2006). Experimental investigation of coalescence and droplet trajectories between two polydisperse sprays. Atomization and Sprays, 16(3), 265-278.
  • Kota, K., Langrish, T. (2006). Fluxes and Patterns of Wall Deposits for Skim Milk in a Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 24(7-9), 993-1001.
  • Nijdam, J., Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2006). Lagrangian and Eulerian models for simulating turbulent dispersion and coalescence of droplets within a spray. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 30(11), 1196-1211. [More Information]
  • Drury, H., O'Carroll, P., Langrish, T. (2006). Online approach to teaching report writing in chemical engineering: implementation and evaluation. International Journal of Engineering Education, 22(4), 858-867.
  • Nijdam, J., Langrish, T. (2006). The effect of surface composition on the functional properties of milk powders. Journal of Food Engineering, 77(4), 919-925. [More Information]
  • Nijdam, J., Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2006). Validation of the Lagrangian Approach for Predicting Turbulent Dispersion and Evaporation of Droplets within a Spray. Drying Technology: an international journal, 24(11), 1373-1379.
  • Cabardo, S., Langrish, T. (2006). Variability in transport properties for blackbutt timber in New South Wales: within and between - tree variability. Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing, 14(1-2), 173-181.
  • Cabardo, S., Langrish, T., Dickson, R., Joe, B. (2006). Variability in transport properties regarding drying behavior for blackbutt timber in New South Wales. Drying Technology: an international journal, 24(2), 211-224.
  • Liu, Y., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2006). Water-based extraction of pectin from flavedo and albedo of orange peels. Chemical Engineering Journal, 120(3), 203-209. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, D., Guo, B., Harvie, D., Langrish, T., Nijdam, J., Williams, J. (2006). What is important in the simulation of spray dryer performance and how do current CFD models perform? Applied Mathematical Modelling, 30(11), 1281-1292. [More Information]
  • Cabardo, S., Langrish, T. (2006). Within-Tree Variability in the Drying Properties for Blackbutt Timber in New South Wales. Maderas : Ciencia y tecnologia, 8(1), 15-24.
  • Nijdam, J., Langrish, T. (2005). An investigation of milk powders produced by a laboratory-scale spray dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 23(5), 1043-1056.
  • Haque, M., Langrish, T. (2005). Assessment of the actual performance of an industrial solar kiln for drying timber. Drying Technology: an international journal, 23(7), 1541-1553.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2005). CFD analysis of scale effects in spinning cone columns. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 83(8A), 951-958.
  • Ozmen, L., Langrish, T. (2005). Experimental investigation into wall deposition of milk powder in spray dryers. Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing, 13(1 and 2), 91-108.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2005). Exploration of spinning cone column capacity and mass transfer performance using CFD. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 83(12), 1372-1380.
  • Haque, M., Langrish, T. (2005). Mathematical modelling of solar kilns for drying timber: model validation. Journal of the Institute of Wood Science, 16(6), 347-362.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T. (2005). Pressure drop and flooding limit in spinning cone columns. Chemical Engineering Communications, 192(4), 445-473.
  • Nijdam, J., Starner, S., Langrish, T. (2004). An Experimental Investigation Of Droplet Evaporation And Coalescence In A Simple Jet Flow. Experiments in Fluids: experimental methods and their applications to fluid flow, 37(4), 504-517. [More Information]
  • Nijdam, J., Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2004). Challenges Of Simulating Droplet Coalescence Within A Spray. Drying Technology: an international journal, 22(6), 1463-1488.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T. (2004). Dry Column Approximation For Pressure Drop In Spinning Cone Columns. Chemical Engineering Communications, 191(5), 641-664.
  • Valencia-Bejarano, M., Langrish, T. (2004). Experimental Investigation Of Droplet Coalescence In A Full-Cone Spray From A Two-Fluid Nozzle Using Laser Diffraction Measurements. Atomization and Sprays, 14(4), 355-374.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2004). Mass Transfer Analysis Of Spinning Cone Columns Using Cfd. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 82(A6), 752-761.
  • Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2004). Simulation Of The Agglomeration In A Spray Using Lagrangian Particle Tracking. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 28(3), 273-290.
  • Langrish, T., Williams, J., Fletcher, D. (2004). Simulation Of The Effects Of Inlet Swirl On Gas Flow Patterns In A Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 82(A7), 821-833.
  • Ozmen, L., Langrish, T. (2003). A Study of the Limitations to Spray Dryer Outlet Performance. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(5), 895-917.
  • Ozmen, L., Langrish, T. (2003). An Experimental Investigation of the Wall Deposition of Milk Powder in a Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(7), 1253-1272.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2003). CDF Analysis of Spinning Cone Columns: Prediction of Unsteady Gas Flow and Pressure Drop in a Dry Column. Chemical Engineering Journal, 87(3), 301-311.
  • Haque, M., Langrish, T. (2003). Mathematical Modelling of Solar Kilns for Drying Timber: Literature Review. Journal of the Institute of Wood Science, 16(4), 230-241.
  • Haque, M., Langrish, T. (2003). Mathematical Modelling of Solar Kilns for Drying Timber: Simulation and Experimental Validation. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(3), 457-477.
  • Langrish, T., Makarytchev, S., Fletcher, D., Prince, R. (2003). Progress in Understanding the Physical Processes Inside Spinning Cone Columns. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 81, 122-130.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2003). Prospects for the Modelling and Design of Spray Dryers in the 21st Century. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(2), 197-215.
  • Langrish, T., Siemon, J. (2003). Scale Up from Small Oven-Drying Tests of Mineral Concentrate to Pilot-Scale Drying with a Heated Pad. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(8), 1385-1398.
  • Guo, B., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2003). Simulation of Gas Flow Instability in a Spray Dryer. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 81(6), 631-638.
  • Harvie, D., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2002). A computational fluid dynamics study of a tall-form spray dryer. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 80(3), 163-175.
  • Kockel, T., Allen, S., Hennigs, C., Langrish, T. (2002). An experimental study of the equilibrium for skim milk powder at elevated temperatures. Journal of Food Engineering, 51(4), 291-297.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2002). CDF analysis of spinning cone columns: perdiction of unsteady gas flow and pressure drop in a dry column. Chemical Engineering Journal, 87(3), 301-311.
  • Guo, B., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2002). CFD simulation of precession in sudden pipe expansion flows with low inlet swirl. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 26(1), 1-15.
  • Ozmen, L., Langrish, T. (2002). Comparison of glass transition temperature and sticky point temperature for skim milk powder. Drying Technology: an international journal, 20(6), 1177-1192.
  • Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2002). Flow patterns in sudden expansions and their relevance to understanding the behaviour of spray dryers. Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing, 10(3-4), 305-322.
  • Langrish, T., Papadakis, S., Baker, C. (2002). Particle transport in cascading rotary dryers. Drying Technology: an international journal, 20(2), 325-350.
  • Langrish, T. (2002). Progress in modelling of air flow patterns in timber kilns. Drying Technology: an international journal, 20(9), 1789-1803.
  • Langrish, T., Papadakis, S., Baker, C. (2002). Residence times of two - and three - component mixtures in cascading rotary dryers. Drying Technology: an international journal, 20(2), 325-350.
  • Lloyd, N., Vaiciurgis, E., Langrish, T. (2002). The effect of baffle design on longitudinal liquid movement in road tankers. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 80(4), 181-185.
  • Glover, J., White, D., Langrish, T. (2002). Wood versus concrete and steel in house construction: a life cycle assessment. Journal Of Forestry, 100(8), 34-41.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Guo, B. (2001). An assessment of turbulence models applied to the simulation of a two-dimensional submerged jet. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 25, 635-653.
  • Kockel, T., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T., Lebarbier, C. (2001). Experimental Measurement and numerical simulation of the effect of swirl on flow stability in spray dryers. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 79 Part A, 260-268.
  • Langrish, T., Kockel, T. (2001). New Measurements of the Sticky Behavior of skim milk Powder. Drying Technology: an international journal, 19(3 & 4), 471-484.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Guo, B. (2001). Numerical Simulation of Unsteady Turbulent Flow in Axisymmetric Sudden Expansions. Journal of Fluids Engineering, 123, 574-587.
  • Fletcher, D., Harvie, D., Langrish, T. (2001). Numerical Simulations of Gas Flow Patterns within a tall-form spray dryer. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 79 Part A, 235-248.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Guo, B. (2001). Simulation of Turbulent Swirl Flow in an Axisymmetric Sudden Expansion. AIAA Journal, 39 No 1, 96-102.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2001). Spray Drying of food ingredients and applications of CFD in spray drying. Chemical Engineering and Processing, 40, 345-354.
  • Langrish, T., Haque, M. (2001). Stack-Wide effects in the modeling of solar kilns for drying timber. Drying Technology: an international journal, 19 (1), 99-114.
  • Langrish, T., Kockel, T. (2001). The assessment of a characteristic drying curve for milk powder for use in computational fluid dynamics modelling. Chemical Engineering Journal, 84, 69-74.
  • Langrish, T., Southwell, D. (2001). The effect of swirl on flow stability in spray dryers. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 79 Part A, 222-234.
  • Langrish, T., Makarytchev, S., Prince, R. (2001). Thickness and velocity of wavy liquid films on rotating conical surfaces. Chemical Engineering Science, 56, 77-87.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Southwell, D. (2001). Use of Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques to assess design alternatives for the plenum chamber of a small spray dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 19 (2), 257-268.

Edited Journals

  • Langrish, T. (2008). Guest editorial industry-academic interactions in drying research and development. Drying Technology: an international journal, 26(4), 391-392.

Conferences

  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2014). Increasing Free-Fat Content of Spray-Dried Whole Milk Powders. 7th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference, Tianjin, China: Iseki Food Association.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, E., Das, D. (2013). Solid-Phase Crystallization of Spray-Dried Glucose Powders: A Perspective and Comparison with Lactose and Sucrose. Chemeca 2013, Australia: Institution of Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T. (2011). Future Trends in Food Engineering for Australia. Chemeca 2011: Engineering a Better World, Sydney, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Johnson, P., Langrish, T. (2011). Pinch and exergy analysis in drying: A thermodynamic backbone for process optimisation and environmental assessment. Chemeca 2011: Engineering a Better World, Sydney, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • edrisi, M., Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2011). The Effect of Chitosan Addition on Lactose Crystallinity during Spray Drying. Chemeca 2011: Engineering a Better World, Sydney, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T. (2010). A Review of the Food Drying Kinetics for Apricots and Peaches for Solar Drying. Chemeca 2010, Canberra: RMIT Publishing.
  • Langrish, T. (2010). Crystallization of Lactose in the Drying of Milk Powder in a Three-Stage Fluidized Bed Dryer and/or Combined with Spray Drying of Milk in Hot Humid Air. 17th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2010).
  • Xiao, S., Langrish, T. (2010). Extraction of Antioxidants from Orange Peels by Soxhlet Extraction and Microwave Assisted Extraction (MAE). Chemeca 2010, Canberra: RMIT Publishing.
  • Langrish, T., See, H., Prince, R., Hind, D. (2010). Industry Associates: Moving Toward a More Structured Learning and Teaching Interaction Between Industry and University. Chemeca 2010, Canberra: RMIT Publishing.
  • Das, D., Ahmad Husni, H., Langrish, T. (2010). The Effects of Operating Conditions on Lactose Crystallizationin a pilot-Scale Spray Drier. Chemeca 2010, Canberra: RMIT Publishing.
  • Syed Muhammad, S., Langrish, T., Chan, H., Tang, P., Dehghani, F. (2009). A new method for he production of crystalline microparticle. 9th International Symposium on Supercritical Fluids (ISSF) 2009, Arcachon, France.
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2009). Comparison of Particle Morphology for Lactose-Casein Mixtures Between Laboratory and Pilot-Scale Dryers. 6th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference ADC 2009.
  • Xiao, S., Langrish, T. (2009). Constraints on Coalescence and Agglomeration in Spray Drying. CHEMECA 2009, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2009). Effect of Different Atomizing Gases and Drying Media on the Crystallization Behaviour of Spray-Dried Powders. 6th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference ADC 2009.
  • Langrish, T., Premarajah, R. (2009). The effect of spray drying conditions on yields for bioactive extracts. CHEMECA 2009, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T., Xu, Z. (2009). Thermal Degradation of Vitamin C during the Oven Drying Process. CHEMECA 2009, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2008). A Distributed Parameter Model for Particles in the Spray Drying Process. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2008). Comparing the crystallization of sucrose and lactose in spray dryers as a test of the WLF equation. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Option Evaluation of Solar Kilns for Drying Timber in Terms of Embodied Energy Use. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Temperature and scale effects on the degradation of vitamin C in spray dryers. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2008). The Effect of Dryer Size and Bulk Gas Humidity on Crystallinity in Spray Dryers: Simulation Predicted Behaviours. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2008). The effectiveness of proteins for improving the yields in spray drying. 16th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2008), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India: Department of chemical engineering, institute of chemical technology, University of Mumbai.
  • El Zein, A., Langrish, T., Balaam, N. (2007). A Self-Practice Online Tool for Teaching and Learning Computational Skills in Engineering Curricula. International Conference on Engineering Education ICEE 2007, United States: International Network For Engineering Education & Research.
  • Yap, G., Loo, C., Tame, N., See, H., Langrish, T. (2007). A Study of Important Factors for Coalescence in Iron Ore Sintering. 2007 CHEMECA Academia and Industry - Strengthening the Profession, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T., See, H. (2007). Diverse assessment methods in group work settings. 2007 CHEMECA Academia and Industry - Strengthening the Profession, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T., Ali, D. (2007). In-Chamber Blending of Maltodextrin and Salt in a Small-Scale Spray Dryer. The 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (2007), Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Kavanagh, J., Langrish, T., Chilcott, T., Coster, H. (2007). Measurement of Timber Moisture Content and Gradients by Non-Invasive Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy. 2007 CHEMECA Academia and Industry - Strengthening the Profession, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, S. (2007). Measurements Of The Crystallization Rates Of Amorphous Sucrose And Lactose Powders From Spray Drying. The 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (2007), Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T., Braham, R. (2007). Partial Crystallisation of Materials in Spray Drying: Simulations and Experiments. The 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (2007), Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Langrish, T., Shi, J., Yeoh, S. (2006). A Comparison of Different Techniques for Water-based Extraction of Pectin from Orange Peels. CHEMECA 2006 Knowledge and Innovation, Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2006). Cyrstallization of Amorphous Spray - Dried Powders. 15th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2006), Godollo, Hungary: Szent Istvan University Publisher.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, L. (2006). Flowability of spray-dried powders in heaps and rotating cylinders. CHEMECA 2006 Knowledge and Innovation, Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press.
  • Langrish, T., Haque, M. (2003). Development of a process simulation model of solar kilns for drying timber. CHEMECA 2003 The 31st Australiasian Chemical Engineering Conference : Products and Processes for the 21st Century, Australia: Institute of Engineers, Australia.
  • Drury, H., O'Carroll, P., Langrish, T. (2003). Integrating an interactive online program on report writing into a chemical engineering laboratory course: what has been the impact? Interact, Integrate, Impact (ASCILITE), Australia: ASCILITE.
  • Nijdam, J., Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2003). Lagrangian and Eulerian models for simulating turbulent dispersion and agglomeration of droplets within a spray. Computational Fluid Dynamics In The Minerals And Process Industries, Sydney: CSIRO.
  • Langrish, T., Haque, M. (2003). The assessment of the performance of a solar kiln and its model validation for drying timber. 3rd Asia-Pacific Drying Conference, Bangkok: Food Engineering and bioproces Technolgoy Program.
  • Fletcher, D., Guo, B., Harvie, D., Langrish, T., Nijdam, J., Williams, J. (2003). What is important in the simulation of spray dryer performance and how do current CFD models perform? Computational Fluid Dynamics In The Minerals And Process Industries, Sydney: CSIRO.
  • Langrish, T., Ozmen, L. (2002). Experimental Investigation of the Wall Deposition of Milk Powder in Spray Dryers. APCChE 2002, New Zealand: University of Canterbury.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2002). Simulation of the agglomeration in a spray using lagrangian particle tracking. WCPT4, Sydney, Australia: WCPT4 Inc.
  • Langrish, T., Nijdam, J., Keey, R. (2002). The optimization of drying schedules for Pinus radiata sapwood boards. APCChE 2002, New Zealand: University of Canterbury.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Guo, B. (2001). Effect of a Downstream Sudden Contraction on Flow Instability Behind a Sudden Pipe Expansion. 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2001). Prospects for the Modelling and Design of Spray Dryers in the 21st Century. 6th World Congress of Chemical Engineering. UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.

2014

  • Saffari, M., Langrish, T. (2014). Effect of lactic acid in-process crystallization of lactose/protein powders during spray drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 137(September 2014), 88-94. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2014). Increasing Free-Fat Content of Spray-Dried Whole Milk Powders. 7th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference, Tianjin, China: Iseki Food Association.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, E., Das, D. (2014). Solid-phase crystal growth kinetics of spray-dried glucose powders. Food and Bioproducts Processing, Article in press. [More Information]

2013

  • Wang, S., Langrish, T., Adhikari, B. (2013). A Multicomponent Distributed Parameter Model for Spray Drying: Model Development and Validation with Experiments. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(13-14), 1513-1524. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Premarajah, R. (2013). Antioxidant capacity of spray-dried plant extracts: Experiments and simulations. Advanced Powder Technology, 24(4), 771-779. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2013). Comparative study of deteriorative changes in the ageing of milk powder. Journal of Food Engineering, 114(1), 14-21. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2013). Comparing Continuous and Cyclic Drying Schedules for Processing Hardwood Timber: The Importance of Mechanosorptive Strain. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(10), 1091-1098. [More Information]
  • Edrisi Sormoli, M., Das, D., Langrish, T. (2013). Crystallization behavior of lactose/sucrose mixtures during water-induced crystallization. Journal of Food Engineering, 116(4), 873-880. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Edrisi Sormoli, M., Langrish, T. (2013). Improving Process Yield by Adding WPI to Lactose During Crystallization and Spray Drying Under High-Humidity Conditions. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(4), 393-404. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Langrish, T. (2013). Interpreting the Activated Rate Theory for Solid-Phase Crystallization: Comparing Lactose and Sucrose. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(12), 1320-1333. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2013). Mathematical modelling of the heat and moisture diffusion in a dairy powder particle with crystallisation phase change within the particle matrix. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 61(1), 615-626. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2013). Modelling crystallization in spray drying for food powder production. In Bhesh Bhandari, Nidhi Bansal, Min Zhang, Pierre Schuck (Eds.), Handbook of food powders: Processes and properties, (pp. 105-131). Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, E., Das, D. (2013). Solid-Phase Crystallization of Spray-Dried Glucose Powders: A Perspective and Comparison with Lactose and Sucrose. Chemeca 2013, Australia: Institution of Engineers Australia.
  • Das, D., Edrisi Sormoli, M., Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2013). The Effect of Different Plasticizers on Lactose Crystallization During Spray Drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(15), 1856-1862. [More Information]
  • Ahmad, J., Kausmann, T., Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2013). The Effect of Fats in Whey Protein Isolate Powder. Drying Technology: an international journal, 31(6), 619-632. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Lin, S., Edrisi Sormoli, M., Langrish, T. (2013). The effects of WPI and Gum Arabic inhibition on the solid-phase crystallisation kinetics of lactose at different concentrations. Food Research International, 54(1), 318-323. [More Information]

2012

  • Das, D., Langrish, T. (2012). Activated-rate theory: Effect of protein inhibition and the temperature dependence of crystallization kinetics for lactose-protein mixtures. Food Research International, 48(2), 367-373. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Langrish, T. (2012). An activated-state model for the prediction of solid-phase crystallization growth kinetics in dried lactose particles. Journal of Food Engineering, 109(4), 691-700. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Langrish, T. (2012). Combined Crystallization and Drying in a Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 30(9), 998-1007. [More Information]
  • Ahmad, J., Langrish, T. (2012). Optimisation of Total Phenolic Acids Extraction from Mandarin Peels Using Microwave Energy: The Importance of the Maillard Reaction. Journal of Food Engineering, 109(1), 162-174. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2012). Releasing Fat in Whole Milk Powder during Fluidized Bed Drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 30(10), 1081-1087. [More Information]
  • Edrisi Sormoli, M., Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2012). The Effect of Chitosan Hydrogen Bonding on Lactose Crystallinity During Spray Drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 108(4), 541-548. [More Information]

2011

  • Chilcott, T., Halimanto, D., Langrish, T., Kavanagh, J., Coster, H. (2011). Characterizing Moisture Content and Gradients in Pinus Radiata Soft Wood Using Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy. Drying Technology: an international journal, 29(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Hong, L., Langrish, T. (2011). CO2 Capture Using Whey Protein Isolate. Chemical Engineering Journal, 171(3), 1069-1081. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2011). Crystallization and Drying of Milk Powder in a Multiple-Stage Fluidized Bed Dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 29(9), 1046-1057.
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2011). Egg-Shell Like Structure in Dried Milk Powders. Food Research International, 44(1), 39-45. [More Information]
  • Yazdan Panah, N., Langrish, T. (2011). Fast crystallization of lactose and milk powder in fluidized bed dryer/crystallizer. Dairy Science and Technology, 91(3), 323-340.
  • Langrish, T. (2011). Future Trends in Food Engineering for Australia. Chemeca 2011: Engineering a Better World, Sydney, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Johnson, P., Langrish, T. (2011). Inversion Temperature and Pinch Analysis, Ways to Thermally Optimize Drying Processes. Drying Technology: an international journal, 29, 488-507. [More Information]
  • Johnson, P., Langrish, T. (2011). Pinch and exergy analysis in drying: A thermodynamic backbone for process optimisation and environmental assessment. Chemeca 2011: Engineering a Better World, Sydney, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Wang, S., Konkol, E., Langrish, T. (2011). Spray Drying of Fruit Juice Using Proteins as Additives. Drying Technology: an international journal, 29(16), 1868-1875.
  • edrisi, M., Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2011). The Effect of Chitosan Addition on Lactose Crystallinity during Spray Drying. Chemeca 2011: Engineering a Better World, Sydney, Australia: Engineers Australia.

2010

  • Syed Muhammad, S., Langrish, T., Tang, P., Adi, H., Chan, H., Kazarian, S., Dehghani, F. (2010). A novel method for the production of crystalline micronised particles. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 388(1-2), 114-122. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2010). A Review of the Food Drying Kinetics for Apricots and Peaches for Solar Drying. Chemeca 2010, Canberra: RMIT Publishing.
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2010). An Investigation into Lactose Crystallization Under High Temperature Conditions During Spray Drying. Food Research International, 43(1), 46-56. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Sherrell, R., Langrish, T. (2010). An Investigation of the Relationship between Glass Transition Temperatures and the Crystallinity of Spray-Dried Powders. Drying Technology: an international journal, 28(3), 361-368.
  • Liang, Z., Langrish, T. (2010). Control of crystallization and caking of skim milk powder in fluidized beds: A preliminary study. Dairy Science and Technology, 90(2 to 3), 345-353. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2010). Crystallization of Lactose in the Drying of Milk Powder in a Three-Stage Fluidized Bed Dryer and/or Combined with Spray Drying of Milk in Hot Humid Air. 17th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2010).
  • Xiao, S., Langrish, T. (2010). Extraction of Antioxidants from Orange Peels by Soxhlet Extraction and Microwave Assisted Extraction (MAE). Chemeca 2010, Canberra: RMIT Publishing.
  • Langrish, T., See, H., Prince, R., Hind, D. (2010). Industry Associates: Moving Toward a More Structured Learning and Teaching Interaction Between Industry and University. Chemeca 2010, Canberra: RMIT Publishing.
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T., Chiou, D. (2010). Particle Crystallization During Spray Drying in Humid Air. Journal of Food Engineering, 99(1), 55-62. [More Information]
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T., Leszczynski, M. (2010). The Effect of Casein as a Spray-Drying Additive on the Sorption and Crystallization Behavior of Lactose. Drying Technology: an international journal, 28(3), 422-429. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2010). The Effect of Different Atomizing Gases and Drying Media on the Crystallization Behavior of Spray-Dried Powders. Drying Technology: an international journal, 28(9), 1035-1043. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Ahmad Husni, H., Langrish, T. (2010). The Effects of Operating Conditions on Lactose Crystallization in a Pilot-scale Spray Dryer. Journal of Food Engineering, 100(3), 551-556. [More Information]
  • Das, D., Ahmad Husni, H., Langrish, T. (2010). The Effects of Operating Conditions on Lactose Crystallizationin a pilot-Scale Spray Drier. Chemeca 2010, Canberra: RMIT Publishing.
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2010). The Use of Surface Active Compounds as Additives in Spray Drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 28(3), 341-348.

2009

  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2009). A distributed parameter model for particles in the spray drying process. Advanced Powder Technology, 20, 220-226. [More Information]
  • Syed Muhammad, S., Langrish, T., Chan, H., Tang, P., Dehghani, F. (2009). A new method for he production of crystalline microparticle. 9th International Symposium on Supercritical Fluids (ISSF) 2009, Arcachon, France.
  • Shi, J., Langrish, T., Guolin, H. (2009). Adsorption of Chromium(VI) from Aqueous Solutions Using Cross-Linked Magnetic Chitosan Beads. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 48(5), 2646-2651. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2009). Assessing the relative tendency of different materials to crystallize in spray drying: A comparison between sodium chloride and lactose. Journal of Food Engineering, 91(4), 521-525. [More Information]
  • Baini, R., Langrish, T. (2009). Assessment of colour development in dried bananas measurements and implications for modelling. Journal of Food Engineering, 93(2), 177-182. [More Information]
  • El Zein, A., Langrish, T., Balaam, N. (2009). Blended Teaching and Learning of Computer Programming Skills in Engineering Curricula. Advances in Engineering Education, 1(3), 1-18.
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2009). Comparing the crystallization of sucrose and lactose in spray dryers. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 87(2), 87-95. [More Information]
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2009). Comparison of Particle Morphology for Lactose-Casein Mixtures Between Laboratory and Pilot-Scale Dryers. 6th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference ADC 2009.
  • Xiao, S., Langrish, T. (2009). Constraints on Coalescence and Agglomeration in Spray Drying. CHEMECA 2009, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, S. (2009). Crystallization Rates for Amorphous Sucrose and Lactose Powders from Spray Drying: A Comparison. Drying Technology: an international journal, 27(4), 606-614.
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2009). Effect of Different Atomizing Gases and Drying Media on the Crystallization Behaviour of Spray-Dried Powders. 6th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference ADC 2009.
  • Langrish, T. (2009). Multi-scale mathematical modelling of spray dryers. Journal of Food Engineering, 93(2), 218-228. [More Information]
  • Guolin, H., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2009). Removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution using activated carbon modified with nitric acid. Chemical Engineering Journal, 152(2-3), 434-439. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2009). Scale-adaptive simulation (SAS) modelling of a pilot-scale spray dryer. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 87(10), 1371-1378. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Premarajah, R. (2009). The effect of spray drying conditions on yields for bioactive extracts. CHEMECA 2009, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T., Xu, Z. (2009). Thermal Degradation of Vitamin C during the Oven Drying Process. CHEMECA 2009, Australia: Engineers Australia.

2008

  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2008). A comparison of crystallisation approaches in spray drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 88(2), 177-185. [More Information]
  • Yeoh, S., Zhang, S., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2008). A Comparison of Different Techniques for Water-based Extraction of Pectin from Orange Peels. Chemical Engineering Communications, 195(5), 511-520.
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2008). A Distributed Parameter Model for Particles in the Spray Drying Process. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Baini, R., Langrish, T. (2008). An assessment of the mechnisms for diffusion in the drying of bananas. Journal of Food Engineering, 85(2), 201-214. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Assessing the rate of solid-phase crystallization for lactose: the effect of the difference between material and glass-transition temperatures. Food Research International, 41(6), 630-636. [More Information]
  • Nijdam, J., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2008). Assessment of an Eulerian CFD model for prediction of dilute dispersion in turbulent jet. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 32(12), 2686-2705. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Characteristic drying curves for cellulosic fibres. Chemical Engineering Journal, 137(3), 677-680. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2008). Comparing the crystallization of sucrose and lactose in spray dryers as a test of the WLF equation. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Yeoh, S., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2008). Comparisons between different techniques for water-based extraction of pectin from orange peels. Desalination, 218(1-3), 229-237. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Degradation of Vitamin C in Spray Dryers and Temperature and Moisture Content Profiles in these Dryers. Food Bioprocess Technology, Online, 1-9. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., See, H. (2008). Diverse assessment methods in group work settings. Education for Chemical Engineers, 3, e40-e46. [More Information]
  • Blakemore, P., Langrish, T. (2008). Effect of collapse on fitted diffusion coefficients for Victorian ash eucalypts. Wood Science and Technology: journal of the international academy of wood science, 42(6), 535-549. [More Information]
  • Huang, G., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2008). Environmentally friendly bagasse pulping with NH4OH-KOH-AQ. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(12), 1287-1293. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Guest editorial industry-academic interactions in drying research and development. Drying Technology: an international journal, 26(4), 391-392.
  • Smith, S., Langrish, T. (2008). Multicomponent Solid Modeling of Continuous and Intermittent Drying of Pinus radiata Sapwood Below the Fiber Saturation Point. Drying Technology: an international journal, 26(7), 844-854.
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Option Evaluation of Solar Kilns for Drying Timber in Terms of Embodied Energy Use. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T., Braham, R. (2008). Partial crystallization behavior during spray drying: simulations and experiments. Drying Technology: an international journal, 26(1), 27-38.
  • Genskow, L., Beimesch, W., Hecht, J., Kemp, I., Langrish, T., Schwartzbach, C., Smith, L. (2008). Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook 8th Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.
  • Langrish, T., Chiou, D. (2008). Stabilization of moisture sorption in spray-dried bioactive compounds by using novel fibre carriers to crystallize the powders. International Journal of Food Engineering, 4(1), 1-7.
  • Langrish, T. (2008). Temperature and scale effects on the degradation of vitamin C in spray dryers. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2008). The Effect of Dryer Size and Bulk Gas Humidity on Crystallinity in Spray Dryers: Simulation Predicted Behaviours. Chemeca 2008: Towards a Sustainable Australasia, Barton, ACT: Engineers Australia.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T., Braham, R. (2008). The effect of temperature on the crystallinity of lactose powders produced by spray drying. Journal of Food Engineering, 86(2), 288-293. [More Information]
  • Islam, I., Langrish, T. (2008). The effect of the salt content on the crystallization behaviour and sorption fingerprints of spray dried lactose. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 86(4), 304-311. [More Information]
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2008). The effectiveness of proteins for improving the yields in spray drying. 16th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2008), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India: Department of chemical engineering, institute of chemical technology, University of Mumbai.
  • Smith, S., Langrish, T. (2008). The Effects of Partial Extraction on Drying Behavior for Pinus radiata Sapwood. Drying Technology: an international journal, 26(10), 1217-1224.
  • Lamy, T., Collins, N., Langrish, T. (2008). Use of water deposition to study the main factors in wall collisions of droplets in a pharmaceutical-scale spray dryer. Atomization and Sprays, 18(6), 523-551.

2007

  • Langrish, T., Kota, K. (2007). A comparison of collision kernels for sprays from one and two-nozzle atomisation systems. Chemical Engineering Journal, 126, 131-138. [More Information]
  • Huang, G., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2007). A new pulping process for wheat straw to reduce problems with the discharge of black liquor. Bioresource Technology, 98(15), 2829-2835. [More Information]
  • El Zein, A., Langrish, T., Balaam, N. (2007). A Self-Practice Online Tool for Teaching and Learning Computational Skills in Engineering Curricula. International Conference on Engineering Education ICEE 2007, United States: International Network For Engineering Education & Research.
  • Yap, G., Loo, C., Tame, N., See, H., Langrish, T. (2007). A Study of Important Factors for Coalescence in Iron Ore Sintering. 2007 CHEMECA Academia and Industry - Strengthening the Profession, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T., Kota, K. (2007). Assessing the Depostion of a Water Spray on a Plate in a Simple Box Configuration Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Chemical Product and Process Modeling, 2(3), 1-33.
  • Baini, R., Langrish, T. (2007). Choosing an appropriate drying model for intermittent and continuous drying of bananas. Journal of Food Engineering, 79(1), 330-343. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Chan, W., Kota, K. (2007). Comparison of maltodextrin and skim milk wall deposition rates in a pilot-scale spray dryer. Powder Technology, 179(1-2), 84-89.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2007). Crystallization of amorphous components in spray-dried powders. Drying Technology: an international journal, 25(9), 1427-1435.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2007). Development and characterisation of novel nutraceuticals with spray drying technology. Journal of Food Engineering, 82(1), 84-91. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., See, H. (2007). Diverse assessment methods in group work settings. 2007 CHEMECA Academia and Industry - Strengthening the Profession, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Blakemore, P., Langrish, T. (2007). Effect of mean moisture content on the steam reconditioning of collapsed Eucalyptus regnans. Wood Science and Technology: journal of the international academy of wood science, 41(1), 87-98. [More Information]
  • Ekwebelam, C., Ellis, B., Langrish, T. (2007). Extended testing of a simple granulation model. Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2, 137-143. [More Information]
  • Langrish, T., Ali, D. (2007). In-Chamber Blending of Maltodextrin and Salt in a Small-Scale Spray Dryer. The 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (2007), Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Kavanagh, J., Langrish, T., Chilcott, T., Coster, H. (2007). Measurement of Timber Moisture Content and Gradients by Non-Invasive Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy. 2007 CHEMECA Academia and Industry - Strengthening the Profession, Australia: Engineers Australia.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, S. (2007). Measurements Of The Crystallization Rates Of Amorphous Sucrose And Lactose Powders From Spray Drying. The 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (2007), Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Wang, S., Langrish, T. (2007). Measurements of the Crystallization Rates of Amorphous Sucrose and LActose Powders from Spray Drying. International Journal of Food Engineering, 3(4), 1-1-1-19.
  • Haque, M., Riley, S., Langrish, T., Pang, S. (2007). Model predicted effect of process variables on kiln drying of Pinus radiata boards. Drying Technology: an international journal, 25(3), 455-461.
  • Langrish, T. (2007). New engineered particles from spray dryers: Research needs in spray drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 25(6), 981-993.
  • Huang, G., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2007). NH4OH-KOH pulping mechanisms and kinetics of rice straw. Bioresource Technology, 98(6), 1218-1223. [More Information]
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T., Braham, R. (2007). Partial Crystallisation of Materials in Spray Drying: Simulations and Experiments. The 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (2007), Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • Kota, K., Langrish, T. (2007). Predication of wall deposition behaviour in a pilot-scale spray dryer using deposition coreelations for pipe flows. Zhejiang University Journal (Science A): applied physics and engineering, 8(2), 301-312.
  • Kota, K., Langrish, T. (2007). Prediction of Deposition Patterns in a Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Simulations. Chemical Product and Process Modeling, 2(3), 1-20.
  • Hanus, M., Langrish, T. (2007). Re-entrainment of wall deposits from a laboratory-scale spray dryer. Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2(2), 90-107. [More Information]
  • Hanus, M., Langrish, T. (2007). Resuspension of wall deposits in spray dryers. Zhejiang University Journal (Science A): applied physics and engineering, 8(11), 1757-1769.
  • Pordage, L., Langrish, T. (2007). Stack-wide behavior for hardwood drying. Drying Technology: an international journal, 25(10), 1779-1789.

2006

  • Langrish, T., Shi, J., Yeoh, S. (2006). A Comparison of Different Techniques for Water-based Extraction of Pectin from Orange Peels. CHEMECA 2006 Knowledge and Innovation, Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press.
  • Langrish, T., Marquez, N., Kota, K. (2006). An investigation and quantitative assessment of particle shape in milk powders from a laboratory-scale spray dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 24(12), 1619-1630.
  • Langrish, T., Walker, J. (2006). Chapter 8. Drying of Timber. In Walker J.C.F. (Eds.), Primary wood processing: Principles and Practice, (pp. 251-295). Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
  • Gomes, V., Barton, G., Petrie, J., Romagnoli, J., Holt, P., Abbas, A., Cohen, B., Harris, A., Haynes, B., Langrish, T., Orellana, J., See, H., Valix, M., White, D. (2006). Chemical Engineering Curriculum renewal. Education for Chemical Engineers, 1(1), 116-125.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, E. (2006). Crystallization of powders of spray-dried lactose, skim milk and lactose-salt mixtures. International Journal of Food Engineering, 2(4, Article 8), 1-15.
  • Chiou, D., Langrish, T. (2006). Cyrstallization of Amorphous Spray - Dried Powders. 15th International Drying Symposium (IDS 2006), Godollo, Hungary: Szent Istvan University Publisher.
  • Valencia-Bejarano, M., Nijdam, J., Langrish, T. (2006). Experimental investigation of coalescence and droplet trajectories between two polydisperse sprays. Atomization and Sprays, 16(3), 265-278.
  • Langrish, T., Wang, L. (2006). Flowability of spray-dried powders in heaps and rotating cylinders. CHEMECA 2006 Knowledge and Innovation, Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press.
  • Kota, K., Langrish, T. (2006). Fluxes and Patterns of Wall Deposits for Skim Milk in a Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 24(7-9), 993-1001.
  • Nijdam, J., Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2006). Lagrangian and Eulerian models for simulating turbulent dispersion and coalescence of droplets within a spray. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 30(11), 1196-1211. [More Information]
  • Drury, H., O'Carroll, P., Langrish, T. (2006). Online approach to teaching report writing in chemical engineering: implementation and evaluation. International Journal of Engineering Education, 22(4), 858-867.
  • Nijdam, J., Langrish, T. (2006). The effect of surface composition on the functional properties of milk powders. Journal of Food Engineering, 77(4), 919-925. [More Information]
  • Nijdam, J., Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2006). Validation of the Lagrangian Approach for Predicting Turbulent Dispersion and Evaporation of Droplets within a Spray. Drying Technology: an international journal, 24(11), 1373-1379.
  • Cabardo, S., Langrish, T. (2006). Variability in transport properties for blackbutt timber in New South Wales: within and between - tree variability. Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing, 14(1-2), 173-181.
  • Cabardo, S., Langrish, T., Dickson, R., Joe, B. (2006). Variability in transport properties regarding drying behavior for blackbutt timber in New South Wales. Drying Technology: an international journal, 24(2), 211-224.
  • Liu, Y., Shi, J., Langrish, T. (2006). Water-based extraction of pectin from flavedo and albedo of orange peels. Chemical Engineering Journal, 120(3), 203-209. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, D., Guo, B., Harvie, D., Langrish, T., Nijdam, J., Williams, J. (2006). What is important in the simulation of spray dryer performance and how do current CFD models perform? Applied Mathematical Modelling, 30(11), 1281-1292. [More Information]
  • Cabardo, S., Langrish, T. (2006). Within-Tree Variability in the Drying Properties for Blackbutt Timber in New South Wales. Maderas : Ciencia y tecnologia, 8(1), 15-24.

2005

  • Nijdam, J., Langrish, T. (2005). An investigation of milk powders produced by a laboratory-scale spray dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 23(5), 1043-1056.
  • Haque, M., Langrish, T. (2005). Assessment of the actual performance of an industrial solar kiln for drying timber. Drying Technology: an international journal, 23(7), 1541-1553.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2005). CFD analysis of scale effects in spinning cone columns. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 83(8A), 951-958.
  • Ozmen, L., Langrish, T. (2005). Experimental investigation into wall deposition of milk powder in spray dryers. Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing, 13(1 and 2), 91-108.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2005). Exploration of spinning cone column capacity and mass transfer performance using CFD. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 83(12), 1372-1380.
  • Haque, M., Langrish, T. (2005). Mathematical modelling of solar kilns for drying timber: model validation. Journal of the Institute of Wood Science, 16(6), 347-362.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T. (2005). Pressure drop and flooding limit in spinning cone columns. Chemical Engineering Communications, 192(4), 445-473.

2004

  • Nijdam, J., Starner, S., Langrish, T. (2004). An Experimental Investigation Of Droplet Evaporation And Coalescence In A Simple Jet Flow. Experiments in Fluids: experimental methods and their applications to fluid flow, 37(4), 504-517. [More Information]
  • Nijdam, J., Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2004). Challenges Of Simulating Droplet Coalescence Within A Spray. Drying Technology: an international journal, 22(6), 1463-1488.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T. (2004). Dry Column Approximation For Pressure Drop In Spinning Cone Columns. Chemical Engineering Communications, 191(5), 641-664.
  • Valencia-Bejarano, M., Langrish, T. (2004). Experimental Investigation Of Droplet Coalescence In A Full-Cone Spray From A Two-Fluid Nozzle Using Laser Diffraction Measurements. Atomization and Sprays, 14(4), 355-374.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2004). Mass Transfer Analysis Of Spinning Cone Columns Using Cfd. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 82(A6), 752-761.
  • Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2004). Simulation Of The Agglomeration In A Spray Using Lagrangian Particle Tracking. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 28(3), 273-290.
  • Langrish, T., Williams, J., Fletcher, D. (2004). Simulation Of The Effects Of Inlet Swirl On Gas Flow Patterns In A Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 82(A7), 821-833.

2003

  • Ozmen, L., Langrish, T. (2003). A Study of the Limitations to Spray Dryer Outlet Performance. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(5), 895-917.
  • Ozmen, L., Langrish, T. (2003). An Experimental Investigation of the Wall Deposition of Milk Powder in a Pilot-Scale Spray Dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(7), 1253-1272.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2003). CDF Analysis of Spinning Cone Columns: Prediction of Unsteady Gas Flow and Pressure Drop in a Dry Column. Chemical Engineering Journal, 87(3), 301-311.
  • Langrish, T., Haque, M. (2003). Development of a process simulation model of solar kilns for drying timber. CHEMECA 2003 The 31st Australiasian Chemical Engineering Conference : Products and Processes for the 21st Century, Australia: Institute of Engineers, Australia.
  • Drury, H., O'Carroll, P., Langrish, T. (2003). Integrating an interactive online program on report writing into a chemical engineering laboratory course: what has been the impact? Interact, Integrate, Impact (ASCILITE), Australia: ASCILITE.
  • Nijdam, J., Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2003). Lagrangian and Eulerian models for simulating turbulent dispersion and agglomeration of droplets within a spray. Computational Fluid Dynamics In The Minerals And Process Industries, Sydney: CSIRO.
  • Haque, M., Langrish, T. (2003). Mathematical Modelling of Solar Kilns for Drying Timber: Literature Review. Journal of the Institute of Wood Science, 16(4), 230-241.
  • Haque, M., Langrish, T. (2003). Mathematical Modelling of Solar Kilns for Drying Timber: Simulation and Experimental Validation. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(3), 457-477.
  • Langrish, T., Makarytchev, S., Fletcher, D., Prince, R. (2003). Progress in Understanding the Physical Processes Inside Spinning Cone Columns. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 81, 122-130.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2003). Prospects for the Modelling and Design of Spray Dryers in the 21st Century. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(2), 197-215.
  • Langrish, T., Siemon, J. (2003). Scale Up from Small Oven-Drying Tests of Mineral Concentrate to Pilot-Scale Drying with a Heated Pad. Drying Technology: an international journal, 21(8), 1385-1398.
  • Guo, B., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2003). Simulation of Gas Flow Instability in a Spray Dryer. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 81(6), 631-638.
  • Langrish, T., Haque, M. (2003). The assessment of the performance of a solar kiln and its model validation for drying timber. 3rd Asia-Pacific Drying Conference, Bangkok: Food Engineering and bioproces Technolgoy Program.
  • Fletcher, D., Guo, B., Harvie, D., Langrish, T., Nijdam, J., Williams, J. (2003). What is important in the simulation of spray dryer performance and how do current CFD models perform? Computational Fluid Dynamics In The Minerals And Process Industries, Sydney: CSIRO.

2002

  • Harvie, D., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2002). A computational fluid dynamics study of a tall-form spray dryer. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 80(3), 163-175.
  • Kockel, T., Allen, S., Hennigs, C., Langrish, T. (2002). An experimental study of the equilibrium for skim milk powder at elevated temperatures. Journal of Food Engineering, 51(4), 291-297.
  • Makarytchev, S., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2002). CDF analysis of spinning cone columns: perdiction of unsteady gas flow and pressure drop in a dry column. Chemical Engineering Journal, 87(3), 301-311.
  • Guo, B., Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2002). CFD simulation of precession in sudden pipe expansion flows with low inlet swirl. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 26(1), 1-15.
  • Ozmen, L., Langrish, T. (2002). Comparison of glass transition temperature and sticky point temperature for skim milk powder. Drying Technology: an international journal, 20(6), 1177-1192.
  • Langrish, T., Ozmen, L. (2002). Experimental Investigation of the Wall Deposition of Milk Powder in Spray Dryers. APCChE 2002, New Zealand: University of Canterbury.
  • Guo, B., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T. (2002). Flow patterns in sudden expansions and their relevance to understanding the behaviour of spray dryers. Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing, 10(3-4), 305-322.
  • Langrish, T., Papadakis, S., Baker, C. (2002). Particle transport in cascading rotary dryers. Drying Technology: an international journal, 20(2), 325-350.
  • Langrish, T. (2002). Progress in modelling of air flow patterns in timber kilns. Drying Technology: an international journal, 20(9), 1789-1803.
  • Langrish, T., Papadakis, S., Baker, C. (2002). Residence times of two - and three - component mixtures in cascading rotary dryers. Drying Technology: an international journal, 20(2), 325-350.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2002). Simulation of the agglomeration in a spray using lagrangian particle tracking. WCPT4, Sydney, Australia: WCPT4 Inc.
  • Lloyd, N., Vaiciurgis, E., Langrish, T. (2002). The effect of baffle design on longitudinal liquid movement in road tankers. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 80(4), 181-185.
  • Langrish, T., Nijdam, J., Keey, R. (2002). The optimization of drying schedules for Pinus radiata sapwood boards. APCChE 2002, New Zealand: University of Canterbury.
  • Glover, J., White, D., Langrish, T. (2002). Wood versus concrete and steel in house construction: a life cycle assessment. Journal Of Forestry, 100(8), 34-41.

2001

  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Guo, B. (2001). An assessment of turbulence models applied to the simulation of a two-dimensional submerged jet. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 25, 635-653.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Guo, B. (2001). Effect of a Downstream Sudden Contraction on Flow Instability Behind a Sudden Pipe Expansion. 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Kockel, T., Fletcher, D., Langrish, T., Lebarbier, C. (2001). Experimental Measurement and numerical simulation of the effect of swirl on flow stability in spray dryers. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 79 Part A, 260-268.
  • Langrish, T., Kockel, T. (2001). New Measurements of the Sticky Behavior of skim milk Powder. Drying Technology: an international journal, 19(3 & 4), 471-484.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Guo, B. (2001). Numerical Simulation of Unsteady Turbulent Flow in Axisymmetric Sudden Expansions. Journal of Fluids Engineering, 123, 574-587.
  • Fletcher, D., Harvie, D., Langrish, T. (2001). Numerical Simulations of Gas Flow Patterns within a tall-form spray dryer. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 79 Part A, 235-248.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2001). Prospects for the Modelling and Design of Spray Dryers in the 21st Century. 6th World Congress of Chemical Engineering. UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Guo, B. (2001). Simulation of Turbulent Swirl Flow in an Axisymmetric Sudden Expansion. AIAA Journal, 39 No 1, 96-102.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D. (2001). Spray Drying of food ingredients and applications of CFD in spray drying. Chemical Engineering and Processing, 40, 345-354.
  • Langrish, T., Haque, M. (2001). Stack-Wide effects in the modeling of solar kilns for drying timber. Drying Technology: an international journal, 19 (1), 99-114.
  • Langrish, T., Kockel, T. (2001). The assessment of a characteristic drying curve for milk powder for use in computational fluid dynamics modelling. Chemical Engineering Journal, 84, 69-74.
  • Langrish, T., Southwell, D. (2001). The effect of swirl on flow stability in spray dryers. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 79 Part A, 222-234.
  • Langrish, T., Makarytchev, S., Prince, R. (2001). Thickness and velocity of wavy liquid films on rotating conical surfaces. Chemical Engineering Science, 56, 77-87.
  • Langrish, T., Fletcher, D., Southwell, D. (2001). Use of Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques to assess design alternatives for the plenum chamber of a small spray dryer. Drying Technology: an international journal, 19 (2), 257-268.

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