Table G – Illumination Design

Unit of study Credit points A: Assumed knowledge P: Prerequisites C: Corequisites N: Prohibition Session

Illumination Design Stream

DESC9074
Project Management
6   
Note: Department permission required for enrolment

Semester 2
DESC9147
Sustainable Building Design Principles
6      Semester 1
DESC9148
Sustainable Building Design Practice
6      Semester 2
DESC9152
Practice of Lighting Design
6      Semester 1
DESC9153
Graduate Internship
6   
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Masters students only. Graduate Diploma students with permission of the Program Coordinator. Advanced Standing will not be granted for this unit of study.
Intensive December
Intensive July
Intensive November
Semester 1
Semester 2
DESC9154
Lighting Design Software
6      Semester 2
DESC9164
Lighting Technologies
6    N DESC9063
Semester 2
DESC9166
Photometry and Colorimetry
6    N DESC9072
Semester 1
DESC9167
Light and Vision
6    N DESC9085
Semester 1
DESC9169
Daylight in Buildings
6    N DESC9106
Semester 1
DESC9195
Building Economics
6    P DESC9200 Introduction to Architectural Science
Intensive September
DESC9196
Building Services
6    P DESC9200 Introduction to Architectural Science
Intensive August
Intensive March
DESC9197
Energy Management and Code Compliance
6    P DESC9200 Introduction to Architectural Science, DESC9014 Building Construction Technology
Semester 2a
DESC9198
Subjective Analysis in Lighting Design
6      Semester 2
DESC9200
Introduction to Architectural Science
6      Semester 1
DESC9201
Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)
6      Semester 2
DESC9300
Research in Arch. & Design Science
6    N ARCF9001

Note: Department permission required for enrolment

Semester 1
Semester 2
ARCH9031
Research Report
12   
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Departmental Permission will be required to enrol in this unit. Available to Masters students only.
Semester 1
Semester 2
ARCH9045
Dissertation 1
12    P 48 credit points and a WAM of at least 75
C ARCH9046
N PLAN9010, ARCH9060, PLAN9011, PLAN9018, ARCH9031

Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Departmental Permission will be required to enrol in this unit.
Semester 1
Semester 2
ARCH9046
Dissertation 2
12    C ARCH9045
Semester 1
Semester 2

Illumination Design Stream

DESC9074 Project Management

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Prof Richard de Dear Session: Semester 2 Classes: 5 day intensive (9am-5pm) Assessment: Two assignments (1 x 40%, 1 x 60%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Project Management is specific form of establishing, programming, and coordinating an activity having a specific start point and end point. This body of knowledge - as for example in the Project Management Book of Knowledge (PMBOK) - needs to be understood in general terms. Initially project managers must identify and define the services that are needed, (scope) and that their employers are willing to endorse. The activities requiring to be carried out need to be sorted and sequenced; the materials, labour and plant required need to be estimated and procured. Projects involve the management of information, and communications. This unit will develop the student's ability to ascertain and document the scope of a project, schedule a programme, and understand the difficulties in directing it. This unit approaches the profession of Project Management as a cooperative undertaking rather than adversarial: It promotes the adoption of soft-skills rather than that of forceful command and supervision.
DESC9147 Sustainable Building Design Principles

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Daniel Ryan Session: Semester 1 Classes: 5 day intensive (9am-5pm) Assessment: 2 x assignmenst (1 x 35%, 1 X 65%)) Mode of delivery: Block mode
This unit aims to develop a critical understanding in students of building design principles that reduce the impact of the built environment on energy, water and material resource flows.Students will gain an overview of technical strategies that reduce the environmental impact of buildings and develop an awareness of the benchmarks and metrics used to judge the implementation of environmental design principles. The unit pays particular attention to design principles that relate to the environmental performance of the building fabric and the thermal and hydraulic systems of buildings.
DESC9148 Sustainable Building Design Practice

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Michael Muir Session: Semester 2 Classes: 5 day intensive (9am-5pm) Assessment: Individual Sustainable Design Case Study (40%); Individual Schematic Sustainable Design (60%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Unit content: Sustainable design frameworks; understanding energy, material and water flows between buildings and their environment; the principles of passive solar heating strategies in cold and temperate climates; strategies for controlling solar and other loads on the building fabric; principles of cooling by natural ventilation; low energy mechanical cooling strategies; hybrid and mixed-mode cooling strategies; water sensitive design; environmental and health impacts of building materials; embodied energy of building materials. By the completion of the unit students will be expected to demonstrate their knowledge of the relevant properties of building materials and construction elements which impact upon the environmental performance of buildings and to demonstrate their competence at applying this knowledge to the formulation of appropriate sustainable design strategies.
DESC9152 Practice of Lighting Design

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Wendy Davis Session: Semester 1 Classes: 5 day intensive. Assessment: Two assignments (2 x 50%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
This studio-based unit introduces students to the practical process of professional lighting design. Led by an experience lighting designer, the content centres on a real lighting design problem. Students complete a group project, representative of the collaborative design in practice, which culminates in a client presentation. This unit covers the interpretation of design briefs, the process of conducting a site visit, the identification of lighting design problems, and the proposal of lighting solutions. The process of preparing and revising lighting plans is discussed. Techniques for successful presentations of the final plan to clients are also included.
DESC9153 Graduate Internship

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Associate Dean (Education) Session: Intensive December,Intensive July,Intensive November,Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Fieldwork Assessment: Log book signed by practice supervisor and 2,000 word report on the benefits of the internship (100%); pass/fail only Mode of delivery: Professional practice
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Masters students only. Graduate Diploma students with permission of the Program Coordinator. Advanced Standing will not be granted for this unit of study.
The aims of the internship are to provide a direct link between the academic core of the course and the disciplines and methods of practice; to enable candidates to experience aspects of practice and provide the opportunity for them to work in areas of the field outside their specific expertise; to enable candidates to observe, analyse and comment on the interaction between theoretical and practical issues of their Program as it is practiced, and to establish connections between practice and the development of relevant research programs. The internship is intended to provide the opportunity for students to work in various situations in their Program's area. A secondary intention is that students use the opportunities of placement to broaden their own experience beyond the limitations of their chosen discipline. Candidates must find a suitable professional placement. Permission to enrol is given after the proposed placement has been approved by the Program Director. The host organisation will nominate a supervisor for the student for the internship. The student must complete at least 120 hours of full or part-time experience, supervised by a practicing designer (or other professional depending upon the field). A log-book of each day's work, signed by the supervisor must be submitted on completion. A 2,000-word report on the benefits of the internship must also be produced. At the end of the internship the student will: demonstrate that they have completed a program of work (through a log-book); present a report; analyse their experiences and compare these to the theoretical content of the units they have completed, and suggest appropriate research directions so as to improve the complementarity of theory to practice.
DESC9154 Lighting Design Software

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Wendy Davis Session: Semester 2 Classes: 5 day intensive (9am-5pm) Assessment: 2 assignments (2 x 50%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Modern lighting design practice requires the use of computer software to create design plans that can be easily modified, shared, and presented to clients. In this unit, students learn the basic operation of popular lighting design software packages, with particular emphasis on AGi32. This unit discusses the advantages and limitations of different calculation models used within lighting software. The fundamentals of rendering, importing and exporting data, selecting calculation modes, interpreting outputs, and complying with lighting design standards are included. Students gain hands-on experience modelling the effects of different lighting technologies within various architectural spaces. The use of lighting design software as a tool in the design process, rather than a replacement for it, is emphasized.
DESC9164 Lighting Technologies

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Wendy Davis Session: Semester 2 Classes: 5 day intensive. Prohibitions: DESC9063 Assessment: Two assignments (2 x 50%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
This unit covers the technologies employed in generating, distributing, and controlling light in illuminated environments. Students learn the advantages and disadvantages of different hardware options for various lighting applications. A brief history of lighting technologies and the physical processes involved with electrically generating light are included in this unit. Practical characteristics of currently popular lamp types, as well as emerging lighting technologies, are presented. The effects of integral luminaires and other light fittings on the resulting illumination are covered, as are the electrical requirements of different lighting technologies. This unit also includes calculation techniques for predicting the illumination in spaces from lighting products. The selection, operation, and implications of lighting control options are discussed. The underlying principles and practical consequences of the different characteristics of various lighting technologies are emphasized to enable students to independently evaluate future innovations in lighting technologies.
DESC9166 Photometry and Colorimetry

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Wendy Davis Session: Semester 1 Classes: Five day intensive. Prohibitions: DESC9072 Assessment: Two assignments (2 x 50%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Measurements of light based only on physical properties are of limited use to the lighting designer. Instead, the tools to measure and communicate the characteristics of light sources and illumination consider the impact of the physical attributes of light on the human visual system. This unit covers the photometric measures related to the quantity of light and illumination and the colorimetric systems used to characterize the colour of lights and objects. The calculation methods underlying these measures are included, with an emphasis on useful simulation techniques. The derivations, meanings, proper applications, and limitations of these measurements systems are discussed. An overview of physical instruments for photometric and colorimetric measurements is included. Students learn to apply knowledge of photometry and colorimetry to evaluate lighting products.
DESC9167 Light and Vision

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Wendy Davis Session: Semester 1 Classes: Five day intensive (9am-5pm) Prohibitions: DESC9085 Assessment: Two assignments (2 x 50%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
In lighting design, the primary function of light is to facilitate visual perception of the illuminated scene. User-centred lighting design requires a thorough understanding of the biological link between light and vision. In this unit, students learn the fundamentals of the human visual system and the physical properties of light that impact perception. Specific topics includes an overview of visual anatomy, the behaviour of the photoreceptors, and post-receptoral processing that leads to colour perception. The spectral, spatial, and temporal characteristics of visual processing are also covered. Important visual phenomena, such as chromatic adaptation and contrast sensitivity, are discussed. The link between fundamental knowledge of the human visual system and the practical application of lighting design is emphasized.
DESC9169 Daylight in Buildings

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Francesco Fiorito Session: Semester 1 Classes: Five day intensive. (9am-5pm) Prohibitions: DESC9106 Assessment: Group Report (30%), Individual Assignment (70%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Daylight can be used in buildings to reduce the energy spent on electric lighting and create aesthetically appealing interiors. Design decisions that affect the success of daylighting in a building span every phase of the design process, from site selection to the application of interior finishes. This unit discusses the role of daylight in indoor illuminated environments. Calculations to predict the quantity and distribution of daylight in spaces and predict the effects of shading devices are covered. Students learn about the local and global variables that influence daylight availability, recognize the challenges and opportunities with daylight in interior spaces, and the appropriate use of daylighting technologies. Modelling tools (Radiance based) will be used in order to assess the efficacy of selected daylight strategies.
DESC9195 Building Economics

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Professor Richard de Dear Session: Intensive September Classes: 5 Weeks Lectures/Tutorials; 6 hours additional Tutorials Prerequisites: DESC9200 Introduction to Architectural Science Assessment: Individual Written Assignment 1 (30%); Group Written Assignment 2 (40%); Project Critique/Class Presentation (30%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Investors associated with the property industry require at the outset Return On Investment (ROI) evaluations before committing capital. This unit of study examines the economic principles as they apply to buildings, from capital growth and life cycle management perspectives. The focus is on economic and financial practices required for high performing building assets, contract procurement strategies, cash flow analysis, return on investment for retro-fitting, and economic appraisals of existing or new building assets. This unit will develop an understanding of carbon accounting in relation to building management and its importance to sustainable built asset portfolios. The unit, taught by case studies, will equip students with an understanding of economic principles and professional tools necessary for the procurement and management of real estate property, facilities and buildings at optimum economic and environmental performance.
Textbooks
Langston, C. A. (2005). Life-cost approach to building evaluation. Sydney: UNSW Press Dell'Isola, A. J., & Kirk, S. J. (1995). Life cycle costing for design professionals. New York: McGraw-Hill Manser, J. E. (1994). Economics: A foundation course for the built environment. London: Spon.
DESC9196 Building Services

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Professor Richard de Dear Session: Intensive August,Intensive March Classes: 5 Weeks Lectures/Tutorials; 6 hrs additional Tutorials Prerequisites: DESC9200 Introduction to Architectural Science Assessment: Assignments (60%); Seminars (40%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Technological advances have transformed virtually every aspect of building services including vertical transportation, fire detection and protection, hydraulics and plumbing, heating ventilation and air conditioning, electrical and lighting, security and data networking. This unit develops a critical understanding of the principles of selection, operation and management of these service systems in buildings of larger-than-domestic scale. Upon completion of the unit, students will be able to contribute competently to the decision-making processes related to these systems, and to be aware of the implications of these decisions upon both building design and operational performance. Students will also gain an understanding of the fundamentals of building services functioning, technologies currently available, along with the design and performance implications of competing solutions. Performance metrics to be discussed include energy consumption, space requirements, accessibility for maintenance, and impacts on adjacent floors. Topics will also include the roles of the facilities manager and building services manager in achieving high performance from building service systems. Utilisation of facilities management tools including state-of-the-art software packages will be discussed along with the inclusion of building services within Building Information Modeling and Management strategies.
Textbooks
Parlour, R., P, Building services: a guide to integrated design: engineering for architects Pymble, N.S.W.: Integral Publishing, 2000. Atkin, B., Total facilities management. Adrian Brooks. Publisher, Oxford: Blackwell Pub., 2005
DESC9197 Energy Management and Code Compliance

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Professor Richard de Dear Session: Semester 2a Classes: 5 Weeks Lectures, Lab, Tutorial; 6 hrs additional Tutorials Prerequisites: DESC9200 Introduction to Architectural Science, DESC9014 Building Construction Technology Assessment: Assignment 1 (40%); Assignment 2 (60%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Objectives of this unit are to give students an understanding of energy consumption issues in buildings against the backdrop of escalating energy and carbon emission reduction targets for buildings such as Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB). In order to meet these targets, new design and operational management techniques are needed, including energy auditing, retro-fitting and energy efficiency optimisation techniques. This unit is primarily concerned with the management and control of electrical power delivered via the grid, plus on- and off-site renewables. The unit will concentrate on processes and considerations involved in undertaking an energy audit and this will also be the focus of Assignment 1. Options for demand management strategies such as demand response and outsourcing will also be examined. Active energy systems and their fundamentals associated with lighting, air conditioning, hot water, ventilation, vertical transportation, and plug-load will be reviewed. Finally, methods of assessing energy performance including computer simulation will be covered. Application of standards such as Net Zero Energy, Passive House, and BCA Section J-JV3 will also be elaborated. A modelling exercise suitable for presentation to a principal certifying authority, thus demonstrating building compliance with the targets and standards, will be performed by students in this unit.
Textbooks
Karsten Voss, Eike Musall Net Zero Energy Buildings, Green Buildings, 2nd edition, November 2012. Parlour, R., P, Building services: a guide to integrated design: engineering for architects, Pymble, N.S.W.: Integral Publishing, 2000
DESC9198 Subjective Analysis in Lighting Design

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Associate Professor Wendy Davis Session: Semester 2 Classes: Lectures and Studio - 35 hours/semester Assessment: Group Design Project Report and Presentation (50%); Individual Design Report (50%) Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Lighting to a high aesthetic standard under pre-determined constraints requires an understanding of visual perception, quality of light, form and modelling, human sensitivity to a wide range of lighting environments, and a balanced approach involving critical reasoning and subjective analysis. This unit will be valuable for those interested in the lighting of architectural forms, objects and environments that demand a high level of aesthetic sensitivity. It will not only draw on learning outcomes from other illumination design units, but also be open to related disciplines with the aim of extending acquired skills beyond the confines of traditional lighting practices. Students will gain a broadened ability to interpret and respond to a wide range of illumination applications.
DESC9200 Introduction to Architectural Science

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Francesco Fiorito Session: Semester 1 Classes: 5 day intensive (9am-5pm) Assessment: Assignment (40%), Exam (60%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
This unit aims to explore the scientific concepts of heat, light and sound, and from this develops foundational principles and methods applicable to buildings. It is divided into five topics: climate and resources: thermal environment: building services: lighting; and acoustics. Students will gain an understanding of the terminology, physical values and metrics in each of these topics, and how they apply to the design and function of buildings. Theoretical models to predict key physical values in buildings are presented and used in assessments. Learning is supported by measurement exercises. This unit has a focused pedagogy intended for all graduate students in Architectural Science. It is a common core unit for all of the programs (Audio and Acoustics, High Performance Buildings, Illumination Design and Sustainable Design). Students within these programs should undertake this unit in their first semester of study if possible.
DESC9201 Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Prof Richard de Dear Session: Semester 2 Classes: 5 day intensive (9am-5pm) Assessment: Lab-based assignment (40%); Exam (60%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Humans' thermal, visual, auditory and olfactory senses determine the perceived quality of a built environment. This unit analyses built environments in context of these human factors. This unit relates human experience of buildings to the main dimensions of Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ): thermal, acoustic, lighting and indoor pollution. This understanding of human comfort perceptions is contextualised by an understanding of the various approaches to the evaluation of built environmental performance. You will study post-occupancy evaluation tools and workplace productivity metrics. Regulations from Australia and abroad will be explored to understand their impact on acoustics, thermal comfort, lighting, indoor air quality and ventilation. The unit also pays particular attention to sustainability rating tools from around the world, including GreenStar, NABERS, LEED and BREEAM. This unit gives students extensive hands-on experience in laboratory- and field-based methods of IEQ research and building diagnostics. A recurring theme will be instrumental measurements of indoor environments, and how they can be analysed in relation to perceptual and behavioural data collected from occupants of those environments.
DESC9300 Research in Arch. & Design Science

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Assoc Prof William Martens Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: 5 workshop sessions (1 hr/wk for first five weeks) followed by individual student supervision by an appropriate staff member (chosen according to field of research) Prohibitions: ARCF9001 Assessment: Individual project based: 1 x 1,500 word research proposal (30%); 1 x 3,500 word final written report (50%); 1 x final oral report (20%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
This unit aims to prepare students for undertaking a research project in the various sub-disciplines of Architectural and Design Science. It begins with the workshop-based presentation of foundations of experimental science relevant to research projects within these sub-disciplines. It highlights principles of experimental design and methods of data collection and analysis. Examples of previous projects undertaken by graduate students in Design Science will be presented, as appropriate, in any of the following areas: Audio and Acoustics, Building Services, Facilities Management, Illumination Design and Sustainable Design). Although this unit has a focused pedagogy intended for all graduate students in Design Science, enrollment may be expected by other coursework students within the Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning, such as those undertaking the Master of Interaction Design and Electronic Arts (M.IDEA).
ARCH9031 Research Report

Credit points: 12 Teacher/Coordinator: Program Director Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Independent research under academic supervision. Assessment: Research proposal (10%), 10000 to 15000 word Report (90%). Final reports due by the end of the first week of the formal examination period. Mode of delivery: Supervision
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Departmental Permission will be required to enrol in this unit. Available to Masters students only.
The report is a substantial piece of research conducted over one semester. It takes the form of report (between 10000 and 15000 words) on an approved subject of your choice. The report is an opportunity to advance your knowledge and skills in a particular area. The objective of the report is to allow you to develop research and analytic skills by undertaking an in depth study of your own selection. The expected learning outcomes of the report include the ability to think critically about a problem and develop an appropriate research methodology or analytical approach to address it; identify and access appropriate sources of information, research and literature relevant to the issues; undertake relevant primary and secondary research; and present your findings in a way that demonstrates academic and professional competence. A report generally includes a literature review to delineate a problem; a statement of research aims or objectives, as well as research questions; an explanation of research methods; presentation and analysis of data; and discussion of conclusions. Permission to continue the Report may be subject to a satisfactory research proposal being approved by your supervisor by week 3 of semester. Reports are due at the end of the first week of exams for the semester in which you are enrolled. The assessment is based solely on the submission of your report. The report is generally marked by two examiners, neither of whom is your supervisor.
ARCH9045 Dissertation 1

Credit points: 12 Teacher/Coordinator: An academic supervisor is required. Discuss with your program coordinator. Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Research under academic supervision Prerequisites: 48 credit points and a WAM of at least 75 Corequisites: ARCH9046 Prohibitions: PLAN9010, ARCH9060, PLAN9011, PLAN9018, ARCH9031 Assessment: 15,000 to 25,000 word dissertation (100%) Mode of delivery: Supervision
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Departmental Permission will be required to enrol in this unit.
ARCH9045 and ARCH9046 Dissertation 1 and 2 are only available to candidates with permission from an appropriate supervisor. Planning students should take PLAN9010 and PLAN9011 Planning Dissertations 1 and 2. Students enrol either full time over one semester (ARCH9045 and ARCH9046) or part time over two semesters (ARCH9045 then ARCH9046). The units are not assessed separately - a single dissertation is required. The appointment of a supervisor will depend on the topic chosen for the dissertation by the student. Students and their supervisors should complete an Independent Study Approval form and return it to the Student Administration Centre to effect enrolment. The aim of the dissertation is to train the student in how to undertake advanced study. The student should learn how to examine published and unpublished data, survey and experimental results, set objectives, organise a program of work, analyse information, evaluate this in relation to existing knowledge and document the work; and to allow the student to pursue an area of interest in greater depth than is possible in coursework or to investigate an area of interest which is not covered in coursework. The dissertation will normally involve a critical review of published material in a specified subject area, but it may also be an experimental or theoretical investigation, a feasibility study, a case study, a computer program, or other work demonstrating the student's analytical ability. The dissertation should be 15,000 to 25,000 words in length. The dissertation should contain a literature review, a research methodology, analysis of data, a discussion of results and conclusions. The dissertation will be judged on the extent and quality of the student's work, and in particular on how critical, perceptive and constructive the student has been in assessing his or her own work and that of others. Three typed A4 sized copies of the dissertation are required to be presented for examination. These may be in either temporary or permanent binding. If in temporary binding they must be able to withstand ordinary handling and postage. The preferred method is "perfect binding"; spring back, ring back or spiral binding is not permitted. Students are required to submit one copy in permanent binding on acid free paper for the library, including any emendations recommended by the examiners. For more details see the requirements for the PhD thesis in the Postgraduate Research Studies Handbook. Dissertations are due at the end of the first week of exams for the semester in which you are enrolled for Dissertation 2. The assessment is based solely on the submission of your dissertation. The dissertation is generally marked by two examiners.
ARCH9046 Dissertation 2

Credit points: 12 Teacher/Coordinator: An academic supervisor is required. Discuss with your program coordinator. Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Research under academic supervision. Corequisites: ARCH9045 Assessment: 15,000 to 25,000 word dissertation (100%) Mode of delivery: Supervision
ARCH9045 and ARCH9046 Dissertation 1 and 2 are only available to candidates with permission from an appropriate supervisor. Planning students should take PLAN9010 and PLAN9011 Planning Dissertations 1 and 2. Students enrol either full time over one semester (ARCH9045 and ARCH9046) or part time over two semesters (ARCH9045 then ARCH9046). The units are not assessed separately - a single dissertation is required. The appointment of a supervisor will depend on the topic chosen for the dissertation by the student. Students and their supervisors should complete an Independent Study Approval form and return it to the Student Administration Centre to effect enrolment. The aim of the dissertation is to train the student in how to undertake advanced study. The student should learn how to examine published and unpublished data, survey and experimental results, set objectives, organise a program of work, analyse information, evaluate this in relation to existing knowledge and document the work; and to allow the student to pursue an area of interest in greater depth than is possible in coursework or to investigate an area of interest which is not covered in coursework. The dissertation will normally involve a critical review of published material in a specified subject area, but it may also be an experimental or theoretical investigation, a feasibility study, a case study, a computer program, or other work demonstrating the student's analytical ability. The dissertation should be 15,000 to 25,000 words in length. The dissertation should contain a literature review, a research methodology, analysis of data, a discussion of results and conclusions. The dissertation will be judged on the extent and quality of the student's work, and in particular on how critical, perceptive and constructive the student has been in assessing his or her own work and that of others. Three typed A4 sized copies of the dissertation are required to be presented for examination. These may be in either temporary or permanent binding. If in temporary binding they must be able to withstand ordinary handling and postage. The preferred method is "perfect binding"; spring back, ring back or spiral binding is not permitted. Students are required to submit one copy in permanent binding on acid free paper for the library, including any emendations recommended by the examiners. For more details see the requirements for the PhD thesis in the Postgraduate Research Studies Handbook. Dissertations are due at the end of the first week of exams for the semester in which you are enrolled for Dissertation 2. The assessment is based solely on the submission of your dissertation. The dissertation is generally marked by two examiners.