Medical Imaging Science – Descriptions

Students intending to undertake any of these programs full-time will need to consult with the Course Director for detailed information about unit availability.

Master of Medical Imaging Science

Credit points for award: 72
Off-campus: full-time minimum 3 semesters; part-time minimum 6 semesters
All units of study are subject to availability and may vary from year to year. Students may select electives from the Medical Imaging Science [[http://sydney.edu.au/handbooks/health_sci/postgraduate/coursework/medical_radiation_sciences/m_medical_imaging_science_unit_of_study_electives_table.shtml||Elective tables.]] Students wishing to specialise should refer to the Medical Imaging Science - [[http://sydney.edu.au/handbooks/health_sci/postgraduate/coursework/medical_radiation_sciences/m_medical_imaging_science_unit_of_study_specialisations_table.shtml||Specialisation tables]] for requirements.
Core units
Master candidates must complete the following 18 credit points of core unit, selected in the first year of candidature or equivalent part-time
MRTY5131 Current Concepts in Medical Imaging

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Prof Roger Fulton Session: Semester 1 Classes: Distance Education Assessment: Participation in online peer discussions (10%), two online quizzes (25% each), and a 1,500 word literature review (40%). Mode of delivery: Online
This unit of study investigates new methods or technologies applied to medical imaging to enhance diagnostic accuracy. The content is guided by current literature and the research of MRS staff. The materials covered provide insights into novel methods in medical imaging that are not available in other units of study. This unit of study seeks to generate a discussion on the applicability of these new methods and technologies to clinical practice.
MRTY5132 Medical Image Perception

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Ernest Ekpo Session: Semester 1 Classes: Distance Education Assessment: Online quiz (20%), online discussion activity (20%), literature review 2,500 wd (60%) Mode of delivery: Online
This unit investigates the interaction of the human reader with a medical image. It will start with an examination of the human visual system, including its characteristics and limitations. This will be followed by in-depth studies of the perceptual and cognitive factors that affect the reading of medical images including reader experience, task instructions, and satisfaction of search (as well as other heuristics and biases). The overall aim of this unit is to ensure that students obtain an understanding of the intricacies of image interpretation, and to highlight the components of the process that are technology-independent.
Textbooks
The Handbook of Medical Image Perception and Techniques, E Samei, EA Krupinski (Editors). Cambridge University Press 2014
MRTY5133 Medical Image Optimisation

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Ernest Ekpo Session: Semester 2 Classes: Distance Education Assessment: Online quiz (20%), online discussion (20%), 1 x essay, 2500 words (60%) Mode of delivery: Online
This UoS will investigate issues pertaining to the optimisation of medical imaging, aiming to ensure that imaging is best suited to answer the diagnostic questions posed. It will include discussion of the choice of imaging modalities, 2D and 3D radiographic imaging systems, as well as optimisation of display processing technologies and of display systems. In addition, issues pertaining to the relationship between dose and image quality will also be discussed. The aim of this UoS is to provide students with a clear understanding of how optimisation can affect diagnostic outcomes.
Elective units
Master candidates must complete 48 credit points of elective units, comprising:
A minimum of 12 credit points chosen from the Medical Imaging Sciences [[http://sydney.edu.au/handbooks/health_sci/postgraduate/coursework/medical_radiation_sciences/m_medical_imaging_science_unit_of_study_electives_table.shtml||Elective table]]
A maximum of 12 credit points of elective units chosen from the [[http://sydney.edu.au/handbooks/health_sci/postgraduate/coursework/faculty_electives.shtml||Faculty of Health Sciences electives table,]] or from another Faculty, with approval of the Course Director
Capstone units
Master candidates must complete the following capstone unit of study, in the final semester of candidature
MRTY5139 Medical Imaging Science Capstone

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Prof Roger Fulton Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Distance education Prerequisites: 60cp from the Master of Medical Imaging Science, including MRTY5132 and MRTY5133 Assessment: 1500 wd Research Proposal (30%), 15min Recorded Presentation (10%), Completed Ethics Application (40%), Participation in tutorials and on-line peer discussions (20%) Mode of delivery: Online
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: To be completed in the last semester of studies in the Master of Medical Imaging Science
The aim of this unit of study is for students to develop research skills for creating evidence for best practice within the discipline of Medical Imaging Science (MIS). The capstone is also an opportunity to apply the learning from core and elective UoS within the Master of Medical Imaging Science to propose and design a research project to address a problem faced in everyday clinical practice. The selected area of investigation will ordinarily be within the student's area of specialisation in the MIS course. The topic should arouse intellectual curiosity and be achievable within the timeframe of one semester. Developed research skills will include demonstrating the capacity to identify a question based on published evidence, proposing appropriate research methodology to investigate the problem, and recognizing ethical issues. Students will work independently to develop a literature review and an ethics application incorporating a proposal for a qualitative or quantitative research investigation. If the capstone is completed as part of an MIS research specialisation then the output will be a manuscript suitable for publication in a peer reviewed journal based on experimental work performed as part of previous MIS electives.
TOTAL: 72 CREDIT POINTS

Medical Imaging Science Electives

Medical Imaging Science - Electives

All units of study are offered as off-campus mode
All units of study are subject to availability and may vary from year to year.

Semester 1

MRTY5041 Computed Tomography B

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Suzanne Hill Session: Semester 1 Classes: Online Prerequisites: MRTY5134 Assessment: online quiz (10%); online tutorials and disucssions (50%); 2-hr online exam (40%) Practical field work: Access to a CT scanner is expected (It is assumed that enrolled students will be Medical Radiation Practitioners working in the field of CT) Mode of delivery: Distance education
This unit of study looks at advanced CT concepts and imaging procedures. This includes applications that provide functional information or require more complex post processing. Cardiac angiography, virtual endoscopy, brain perfusion, portable, and interventional CT will be explored. The unit also examines the latest CT methodologies including volume imaging, dual source and muliti-energy CT, and the use of CT in other modalities such as molecular imaging and therapy planning. The physical principles, clinical application, and appropriate utilisation of these CT procedures will be explored.
MRTY5043 Directed Studies A

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Peter Kench Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Distance education Assessment: protocol, 2000 wd, (40%); poster, size A0, (40%); 15-min presentation (20%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: This UoS should be completed in the last semester of the specialisation so as to draw upon the knowledge obtained.
The unit allows the student, in collaboration with the University supervisor and the student`s employer, to tailor the content to suit the his/her learning needs . For example, new technology or procedures may be introduced into the workplace, necessitating changes in the knowledge, skills and attributes of the student. The student must initially present a proposal to the unit of study (UoS) coordinator.
MRTY5051 Magnetic Resonance Theory

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Roger Bourne Session: Semester 1 Classes: Online. No on-campus attendance required Assumed knowledge: High school level maths and physics. Assessment: Quiz (21%), 2000 word report (40%), Online discussion (39%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: Assignments include practical exercises via online access to a benchtop MRI imaging system (Internet access required)
This unit addresses the principles of magnetic resonance imaging including the theory and measurement of magnetic resonance phenomena. Basic principles of MRI are covered including free induction decay, relaxation processes, signal averaging, formation of spin echoes and gradient echoes, imaging in two dimensions, and manipulation of image contrast.
Textbooks
McRobbie, Moore and Graves, MRI from Picture to Proton, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press (2006). Online content "Introductory NMR and MRI" available from http://www.youtube.com/user/magritek.
MRTY5053 Magnetic Resonance B

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Sheryl Foster Session: Semester 1 Classes: Online Prerequisites: MRTY5052 Assessment: online quiz (20%); 2500wd essay (30%), 2 hr online exam (50%) Practical field work: Students should be working in the field of MRI and operating a scanner. Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: It is assumed that students will be current Medical Radiation Practitioners working in the field of MRI, at least 2 days per week.
This UoS will review the application of both standard magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR angiography sequences, protocols and techniques used in CNS imaging for a range of clinical applications, e.g., stroke, tumour, epilepsy, inflammation, and neurodegenerative conditions. The application of more advanced techniques used in CNS imaging, including perfusion, diffusion, fMRI and proton spectroscopy, will also be explored with particular reference to the different image acquisition techniques. Learning will be supported by clinical case examples which demonstrate the appropriate application of different MR sequences and modifications required for different patient presentations.
Textbooks
McRobbie, D., Moore, E., Graves, M. and Prince, M. (2007). MRI From Picture to Proton (2nd ed.), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
MRTY5098 Radiographic Image Interpretation A

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Mr Stephen Littlefair Session: Semester 1 Classes: no classes - Distance education Assessment: 4 x 500 word image evaluation and diagnosis descriptions (40%), Workplace portfolio (20%), Discussion Board (10%), Image interpretation quiz (30%) Practical field work: Image interpretation (online) Mode of delivery: Distance education
This unit will provide the student with image interpretation skills and knowledge of the radiological and clinical indicators which are utilised to identify pathology of the appendicular skeleton. The unit aims at enabling the practitioner to achieve a level of competency above the "red dot" system.
MRTY5099 Radiographic Image Interpretation B

This unit of study is not available in 2019

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Mr Stephen Littlefair Session: Semester 1 Classes: Distance education Assumed knowledge: MRTY5098 Assessment: 2500-wd image evaluation and diagnosis (40%), Image interpretation quiz (60%) Practical field work: Image Interpretation (online) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: This unit is offered every even year.
This unit will provide the student with image interpretation skills and knowledge of the radiological and clinical indicators which are utilised to identify pathology of the axial skeleton and abdomen. The unit aims at enabling the practitioner to achieve a level of competency above the "red dot" system.
MRTY5106 Breast Imaging A

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Jillian Clarke Session: Semester 1 Classes: Online Assessment: Online discussion activities (15%), case study (30%), reflective portfolio (55%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
This unit will provide an integration of mammography theory and practice and includes: the context of breast cancer and breast screening; fundamentals of mammography, both digital and film/screen; radiation physics; positioning techniques; and radiographer -patient interaction. An overview of emerging technologies in breast cancer detection is also provided.
Textbooks
Heywang-Köbrunner, S. H., Schreer, I., and Barte, S. (2014). Diagnostic breast imaging: mammography, sonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and interventional procedures (Third ed.). Stuttgart; New York: Thieme.
MRTY5134 Computed Tomography Theory

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr William Rae Session: Semester 1 Classes: Distance Education Assessment: Online quizzes (24%), lab reports (40%), online exam (36%) Practical field work: Online practical sessions using remote access CT system. Mode of delivery: Online
This unit of study will provide a theoretical understanding of the science of computed tomography (CT). It will cover the basic physics of radiation attenuation, data acquisition, image reconstruction methods, and image display and recording. It will also include an overview of relevant post processing operations. Quality Assurance (QA) of CT scanners will be explored. Finally, CT radiation dose considerations, such as the measurement of Computed Tomography Dose Index (CTDI), the Dose Length Product (DLP), and the Effective Dose (ED), will be reviewed. The factors affecting dose will also be covered, along with approaches to reduce patient doses in the clinical setting.
MRTY5135 Hybrid Imaging A

This unit of study is not available in 2019

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Peter Kench Session: Semester 1 Classes: Online Assessment: Online quizzes (10%), online discussion activity (30%), 2500wd essay (60%) Mode of delivery: Online
Note: This unt is offered every even year.
This unit of study will investigate the equipment, tomographic reconstruction, image display and analysis used in current clinical molecular and computed tomography (CT) morphological hybrid systems, e.g., SPECT/CT and PET/CT. Techniques used to improve image quality, quantification of radiopharmaceutical biodistribution and the reduction of radiation dose to the patient will also be included. Best practice utilisation for typical clinical presentations will be explored. Students will be introduced to imaging procedures and protocols for a range of equipment and radiopharmaceuticals. Future trends in the application of hybrid medical imaging will be investigated through a review of the current literature.
MRTY5141 Hybrid Imaging B

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Peter Kench Session: Semester 1 Classes: online Assessment: online quizzes (10%), online discussion activity (30%), 2500wd essay (60%) Mode of delivery: Online
Note: This unit is offered every odd year
This unit of study will investigate the equipment, tomographic reconstruction, image display and analysis used in current clinical molecular and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) morphological hybrid systems, e.g., PET/MRI. Techniques used to improve image quality, quantification of radiopharmaceutical bio-distribution and the reduction of radiation dose to the patient will also be included. Best practice utilisation for typical clinical presentations will be explored. Students will be introduced to imaging procedures and protocols for a range of equipment and radiopharmaceuticals. Future trends in the application of hybrid medical imaging will be investigated through a review of the current literature.
Semester 2
MRTY5040 Computed Tomography A

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Karen Dobeli Session: Semester 2 Classes: Online Prerequisites: MRTY5134 Assessment: online quiz (10%); online tutorials and discussions (50%); 2-hr online exam (40%) Practical field work: Access to a CT scanner is expected Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: It is assumed that enrolled students will be Medical Radiation Practitioners working in the field of CT
This unit of study examines the clinical application of computed tomography. It covers routine examinations of the head, body, spine and extremities. The adaptation of protocols for paediatric patients is also explored, as well as the principles and clinical applications of CT angiography. Patient preparation, and oral and IV contrast safety and administration will be examined and related to current best practice.
MRTY5052 Magnetic Resonance A

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Sheryl Foster Session: Semester 2 Classes: Online Prerequisites: MRTY5051 Assessment: 1 x online quiz (20%); 1 x 2000wd essay (30%); 1 x 1.5hr online exam (50%) Practical field work: Access to an MRI is expected Mode of delivery: Online
Note: It is assumed that students will be current Medical Radiation Practitioners working in the field of MRI, at least 2 days per week.
This unit of study will explore the application of standard magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sequences, protocols and techniques used in clinical musculoskeletal imaging. These techniques include variations of spin echo, gradient echo and inversion recovery. MRI hardware, RF coils and spatial image encoding, fat suppression techniques and common image artifacts will be reviewed. MR safety aspects from the perspective of both staff and patients will be discussed. Learning will be supported by clinical case examples to demonstrate the appropriate application of different MR sequences and modifications required for different patient presentations.
MRTY5090 Multiplanar Anatomy A

This unit of study is not available in 2019

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Peter Kench Session: Semester 2 Classes: Online. No on-campus attendance required. Assessment: 3 x online quizzes (10%), (35%) and (55%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: This unit is offered every even year.
Detailed multiplanar anatomy of the musculoskeletal system and vascular and pulmonary systems of the thorax is presented in this unit. While this unit is targeted at professionals working with CT and/or MRI, it could also be directly relevant to professionals working with hybrib SPECT or PET and those using CT or MR images in radiation therapy planning. A basic knowledge of cross-sectional anatomy is assumed.
MRTY5091 Multiplanar Anatomy B

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Mr John Robinson Session: Semester 2 Classes: Online Assessment: Two online quizzes (worth 50% each) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Detailed anatomy of the brain is presented in this unit. The regions studied are the brain stem, cranial nerves and nuclei, cerebellum, diencephalon, cerebral hemisphere and cortex, basal ganglia, limbic system, ventricular system and the blood supply. The practical component involves interpretation of soft copy MR images. The advantage of specific planes with respect to the demonstration of specific pathologies will be discussed. This unit is targeted at professionals primarily working with MRI but NM or RT professionals if they are intensively utilizing CT as an anatomic imaging tool would benefit from this unit. A good knowledge of cross-sectional anatomy is essential for this unit . The delivery will be in distance education mode and will utilise a range of media, including printed material.
MRTY5100 Radiographic Image Interpretation C

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Stephen Littlefair Session: Semester 2 Classes: Distance education Assumed knowledge: Knowledge of radiological anatomy and radiographic positioning Assessment: 2500-wd image evaluation and diagnosis (40%), image interpretation quiz (60%) Practical field work: Image Interpretation (online) Mode of delivery: Distance education
This unit will provide the student with image interpretation skills and knowledge of the radiological and clinical indicators which are utilised to identify the more common pathologies of the adult chest. The unit aims at enabling the practitioner to achieve a level of competency above the "red dot" system.
MRTY5138 Magnetic Resonance C

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Sheryl Foster Session: Semester 2 Classes: online, no on-campus attendance required Prerequisites: MRTY5053 Assessment: 1 x quiz (20%), 1 x 2500 word essay (30%), 1 x online examination (50%) Mode of delivery: Online
Note: It is assumed the students will be current Medical Radiation Practitioners working in the field of MRI, at least 2 days per week.
This unit of study will review the anatomy and clinical indications for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the body including cardiac, breast, liver, foetal, prostate female pelvis etc. MR protocols and techniques including sequence types utilised will be explored with a view to gaining an understanding of how to deal with voluntary and involuntary patient motion issues faced in body imaging. An overview of newer technologies including MR/PET and lung imaging will be provided. Topical areas in MR imaging will be discussed including issues such as scanning of patients with medical devices such as pacemakers. Learning will be supported by clinical case examples and peer reviewed publications to demonstrate the appropriate application of different MR sequences and modifications required for different patient presentations. News reports related to topical MR issues will also support the learning.
Textbooks
McRobbie, D., Moore, E., Graves, M. and Prince, M. (2007). MRI From Picture to Proton (2nd ed.), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
MRTY5140 Breast Imaging B

This unit of study is not available in 2019

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Jillian Clarke Session: Semester 2 Classes: Web-based. No on-campus attendance required Assessment: Portfolio (50%) and assignment (50%) Mode of delivery: Online
Note: This unit is offered every even year.
This unit of study examines novel methods and technologies for breast cancer detection and breast disease evaluation, e.g., tomosynthesis, phase contrast imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and molecular imaging. Factors impacting on the diagnostic accuracy of readers will also be investigated such as image quality and breast density. Students will also be introduced to advanced practices in image interpretation and continuous reader assessment programs such as BREAST and PERFORMS.
MRTY5044 Directed Studies B

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Peter Kench Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Distance education Prerequisites: MRTY5043 Assessment: Negotiated assessment (100%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: This unit of study would typically be completed by those enrolled in the Master of Medical Imaging Science completing the Research Specialisation.
The unit allows the student to tailor the content to suit his/her learning needs . For example, new technology or procedures may be introduced into the workplace, necessitating changes in the knowledge, skills and attributes of the student. The student must initially present a proposal to the unit of study (UoS) coordinator. Upon preliminary approval, a supervisor will be appointed and a study plan and assessments will be agreed upon to achieve the desired educational outcomes. The unit of study may comprise, for instance; a literature review covering the development and applications of a new technology; the development of a research plan and ethics application; it may involve specific workplace experience and analysis; or it may comprise a combination of these elements.

Medical Imaging Science - Research Electives

BACH5255 Qualitative Research Methods

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Justin McNab Session: Semester 2 Classes: online delivery (no attendance). Assessment: 1x2000wd essay based on contributions to discussion board about research methodology (40%) and 1x4,000wd essay draft research proposal (60%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
This unit focuses on qualitative research methodologies, including the disciplinary traditions that contribute to qualitative methodologies and the construction of knowledge using qualitative methods. The implications of methodology for research design will be examined, as will approaches to data collection and analysis. Activities to build skills in research design, data collection and data analysis will be included. Students will work on a research project of their choice throughout the semester.
BACH5068 Statistics for Clinical Research

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Rob Heard Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Off-campus Assessment: 4xwritten assignments, descriptive statistics (10%), inferential statistics 1 (25%), inferential statistics 2 (25%), regression and non-parametrics statistics (40%) Mode of delivery: Online
Note: Students must have access to a PC to load and use the statistics packages SAS or SPSS
This unit introduces students to basic statistical principles relevant to the manipulation and analysis of clinical data. Students will be exposed to concepts of sampling, distributions of scores, summaries of data, and treatment of categorical and quantitative data. This last topic will include chi square analysis, calculation of confidence intervals, tests for differences in the locations of samples (including t-tests and tests for non-normally distributed data), correlation and regression, sample size estimation and an introduction to survival analysis. It is expected that at the conclusion of the unit students will be able to: appraise published statistical analyses; perform simple statistical tests by hand and with the assistance of a computer package SAS or SPSS; and present statistical data.
Textbooks
Various recommended texts on introductory statistics