Ophthalmic Science

 

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Unit of study descriptions

OPSC5001 Ophthalmic Anatomy

Credit points: 9 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Yves Kerdraon and Dr Simon Taylor Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Online Assumed knowledge: Undergraduate knowledge of basic human anatomy Assessment: Academic Honesty and Academic Writing Tasks (15%), 1 x 2500 word assignment (20%), online presentation (20%), online journal club (pass/fail) and 1 x 3 hour exam (45%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Successful candidates will demonstrate to the examiners that they have knowledge of anatomy relevant to the practise of ophthalmology. In particular, students must demonstrate detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the eye, the orbit & periorbital structures, and the visual pathways. In particular, students must demonstrate detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the eye, the orbit & periorbital structures, and the visual pathways. On completion of this unit of study the successful student will be able to (1) describe the normal anatomical organisation and development of the human eye, orbit and periorbital structures in terms of cells, tissues, organs and systems, (2) describe the principal components of the human visual system and their structure and function and (3) describe how diagnostic imaging may be used in ophthalmic practise.
Textbooks
Prescribed texts: Clinical Anatomy of the Eye Snell RS and Lemp MA; Wolff's Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit (8th ed). AJ Bron et al (eds) HK Lewis, London 1997. Additional texts: Histology of the Human Eye M Hogan J Alvarado, J Wedell WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971; Gray's Anatomy (38th Ed) Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, 1989; The Eye Basic Sciences in Practice (Chapters 1 and 2) J Forrester et al Saunders Company Ltd London 1996; The Human Nervous System, An Anatomical Viewpoint (5th Ed) ML Barr and JA Kiernan Harper and Row, Philadelphia 1988; Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of the Visual System, 3rd Edition, By Lee Ann Remington; 2013-2014 Basic and Clinical Science Course; Section 2: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology (2013; older editions also quite acceptable). Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
OPSC5002 Ophthalmic Physiology

Credit points: 9 Teacher/Coordinator: A/Prof John Grigg, A/Prof Clare Fraser, Dr Simon Skalicky, Dr Logan Mitchell Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Online Assumed knowledge: Undergraduate knowledge of basic human cell and organ physiology Assessment: 2 x 2500 word assignments (30%), online presentation (15%), wiki on an allocated topic (10%), online journal club (pass/fail) and 1x3hr exam (45%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Successful candidates will demonstrate to the examiners that they have a detailed and comprehensive knowledge of physiology relevant to the practise of ophthalmology. Particular emphasis will be placed on the organisation, function, mechanism of action, regulation and adaptation of relevant structures and their component parts. They are also expected to have an understanding of the maturation and normal ageing changes of the human eye. Candidates must have a thorough understanding of the methods used to measure the activity of relevant physiological processes e.g. intraocular pressure, retinal electrical activity, visual acuity etc On completion of this unit of study the successful student will be able to (1) describe the normal physiological functioning of the human eye and nervous system, (2) describe the principal physiological laws and phenomena that apply to these systems and (3) describe how these physiological processes are measured and the limitations of such tests.
Textbooks
Prescribed texts: Adler's Physiology of the Eye (11th Ed) Kaufman ed, Saunders Elsevier 2011; Review of Medical Physiology (21st Ed) WF Ganong, McGraw Hill 2003, 24th Ed. Additional texts: Ocular and Visual Physiology: Clinical Application. S Skalicky, Springer-Verlag, Singapore 2016; Biochemistry of the Eye [electronic resource] /Whikehart. Boston : Butterworth-Heinemann, c2003; Physics for Ophthalmologists DJ Coster (ed) Churchill Livingstone, Sydney 1997; The Eye: Basic Sciences and Practice. Forrester JV, Dick AD, McMenamin P, Lee WR. WB Saunders 2003; Duane's Foundations of Clinical Ophthalmology. JB Lippincott Co, Philadelphia; The Neurology of Eye Movements (5th Edition). RJ Leigh and DS Zee, Oxford University Press, 2015.
OPSC5003 Ophthalmic Optics

Credit points: 9 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Con Petsoglou and A/Prof Gordon Sanderson Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Online Assumed knowledge: Undergraduate knowledge of physics relating to light and optics Assessment: 2 x 2500 word assignments (30%), online presentation (15%), wiki on an allocated topic (10%) and 1 x 3hr exam (45%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Successful candidates will demonstrate to the examiners that they have a detailed and comprehensive knowledge of optics relevant to the practise of ophthalmology. Particular emphasis will be placed on the topics of physical, geometrical, physiological and instrument optics. On completion of this unit of study the successful student will be able to (1) describe the physical properties of light and lasers, (2) describe the geometrical principles of light and the laws governing lights interaction with materials and (3) describe the physiological optics of the human eye and how to test this.
Textbooks
Prescribed texts: Clinical Optics AR Elkington and HJ Frank, Blackwell Science, 3rd Ed, 2000; Optics, Refraction and Contact Lenses, Basic and Clinical Science Course, American Academy Ophthalmology, 2013. Additional texts: Optics MH Freeman, Butterworths-Heinemann Medical; 10th Ed, 1990; Optics for Clinicians M Rubin, Triad Publishing, 3rd Ed, 1993; Physics for Ophthalmologists DJ Coster 1st Ed 1994; The Fine Art of Prescribing Glasses Without Making a Spectacle of Yourself Hardcover - April 30, 2004, by Benjamin Milder (Author), Melvin L. Rubin (Author).
OPSC5004 Practical Ophthalmic Science

Credit points: 9 Teacher/Coordinator: A/Prof Samantha Fraser-Bell, Dr Con Petsoglou, Prof Peter McCluskey and A/Prof John Grigg Session: Intensive December Classes: Intensive on campus Prerequisites: OPSC5001 Corequisites: OPSC5002 or OPSC5003 Assumed knowledge: Undergraduate knowledge of physics relating to light and optics. Assessment: 2 x 1.5 hour observed structured practical exams (90%) and a presentation on an allocated topic (10%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Successful candidates will demonstrate to the examiners that they have a detailed and comprehensive knowledge of the practical aspects of the basic ophthalmic sciences. Particular emphasis will be placed on the topics of anatomy, physiology and optics. Learning outcomes: On completion of this unit of study, the successful student will be able to (1) describe the anatomy of the human eye, orbit, nervous system and head and neck, (2) correctly identify structures of the above on prosections, radiographic and magnetic resonance images, (3) describe the physiologic functioning of the human eye and nervous system, (4) correctly investigate, interpret results, recognise limitations and evaluate physiologic processes of the human eye and nervous system, (5) describe the physical, physiological and geometric optics of light and its application to the human eye and (6) correctly use ophthalmic instruments and describe their optical properties.
Textbooks
The textbooks recommended for OPSC5001, OPSC5002 and OPSC5003 apply to this unit. An anatomical atlas is recommended for assistance with the head and neck and neuroanatomy.
OPSC5005 Treatise

Credit points: 12 Teacher/Coordinator: A/Prof John Grigg, A/Prof Raf Ghabrial, A/Prof Samantha Fraser-Bell, Dr Con Petsoglou and Prof Peter McCluskey Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: Supervision Prerequisites: OPSC5001 and OPSC5002 Assessment: Review by two independent assessors Mode of delivery: Supervision
Successful candidates will demonstrate to the examiners that they have a detailed and comprehensive knowledge of one area in the basic sciences or clinical ophthalmology. The treatise must be in the form of a written output (report or formal academic composition) on work performed during the candidature from a supervised student project that contains between 10,000-20,000 words. The format of the project may be of a systematic review of the literature, a case series, short clinical trial, survey or other project acceptable to the unit of study coordinator. It is essential where there is the use of patient information or patient enrolment onto the study that appropriate ethics approval is gained from the governing body where the project will take place. Students need to be mindful of the time ethics approval takes and incorporate it into the project time allocation. On completion of this unit of study the successful student will be able to (1) undertake a medical/scientific project and follow it to its completion, (2) work constructively under the supervision of a supervisor, (3) display scientific thinking and apply this to ophthalmology and (4) attempt to publish their treatise or learn how to publish their work.
Textbooks
Your Practical Guide to Writing a Thesis, Treatise or Dissertation at the University of Sydney, SUPRA Guide (http://supra.net.au/assets/file/Publications/SUPRAthesisguide.pdf)
OPSC5011 Ocular Genetics

This unit of study is not available in 2017

Credit points: 9 Teacher/Coordinator: A/Professor Robyn Jamieson Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: online/distance learning environment (total of 20hrs/wk) for 13 wks comprising: lectures delivered online (3 hrs/wk), online tutorials (1hr/wk), self directed learning and assignments (16hrs/wk), wk 14 for revision. In addition to time spent on assignments it is expected that the student will spend approximately 120 hours of private study over the course of the fourteen weeks. It is also suggested that 25 hours of study will be necessary to prepare for the 3 hour examination at the end of the semester. Prerequisites: OPSC5001 Corequisites: OPSC5002 Prohibitions: OPSC5012 Assessment: 1x3000word assignment every 3wks (45%), online interaction (10%), 1x3hr exam (45%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Students must request permission from the unit of study coordinator to enrol in this unit of study. The coordinator will email the Postgraduate Student Administration Unit to advise that the student has permission to enrol.
Ocular genetics is becoming better understood as advances are made in the field. Areas of diagnosis, prognosis and possible gene therapy are becoming much more relevant and deserve to be included in the formal training of ophthalmologists.
Successful candidates will gain an understanding of genetics and molecular tools used in current medical genetics and disease gene discovery, understand the application of these concepts in ophthalmology, gain an overview of the current knowledge of genes associated with eye disease and the patho-physiological mechanisms, be aware of the broader ethical considerations when applying genetic knowledge to patients, become familiar with internet based bioinformatics - reference tools to aid clinical practice, research and self learning and be aware of the future therapeutic opportunities.
OPSC5012 Ocular Pathology

This unit of study is not available in 2017

Credit points: 9 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Weng Sehu and Dr Con Petsoglou Session: Semester 1,Semester 2 Classes: online/distance learning environment (total of 20hrs/wk) for 13 wks comprising: lectures delivered online (3 hrs/wk) online tutorials (1hr/wk) self directed learning and assignments (16hrs/wk) wk 14 for revision. In addition to time spent on assignments it is expected that the student will spend approximately 120 hours of private study over the course of the fourteen weeks. It is also suggested that 25 hours of study will be necessary to prepare for the 3 hour examination at the end of the semester. Prerequisites: OPSC5001 Corequisites: OPSC5002 Prohibitions: OPSC5011 Assessment: 1x3000wd assignment every 3wks (45%), online interaction (10%), 1x3hr exam (45%) Mode of delivery: Distance education
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Students must request permission from the unit of study coordinator to enrol in this unit of study. The coordinator will email the Postgraduate Student Administration Unit to advise that the student has permission to enrol.
Ocular pathology is a specialty area within the study of ophthalmology. Ophthalmologists and pathologists require specific teaching to gain insights into this field. The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists requires trainees to study ocular pathology as part of their training. This course aims to equip and train prospective candidates in this exciting field. Successful candidates will gain an understanding of pathology and it basic techniques, gain an understanding of the advanced techniques currently available for the investigation of ocular diseases, understand the application of these concepts in ophthalmology, identify, analyse, understand and further investigate pathologic processes in the eye and adenexae, become familiar with internet based bioinformatics - reference tools to aid clinical practice, research and self learning and be aware of the future therapeutic opportunities in pathologic processes.
Textbooks
Prescribed:
OPSC5034 Oculoplastic Surgery 1

This unit of study is not available in 2017

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Raf Ghabrial Session: Semester 1 Classes: Online lectures and online oculoplastic surgery forum discussion. Prerequisites: OPSC5001 and OPSC5002 Assessment: 3 x 2000 word written assignments (90%), online discussion (10%) Mode of delivery: Online
Note: Student should contact the discipline directly for permission to enrol. The PG Coordinator will email Student Services to notify them of students who have permission. Assumed knowledge: Students undertaking this unit of study must have advanced specialty training with RANZCO qualifications or equivalent. Consideration will be give to RACS and dermatology advance trainees.
This unit of study aims to provide candidates with theoretical and practical foundations of the practice of Oculoplastic surgery. Over 14 weeks the candidates will learn skin and tissue techniques. This will include methods of tissue regeneration and repair including local anaesthesia and basic principles of wound healing. Further study will be undertaken for a system of repair of full thickens eyelid reconstruction and differing ways of repair of small, medium and large defects. Medial and lateral canthus defects will be discussed as well as the diagnosis and management of multiple eyelid tumors. Further discussion will be undertaken regarding ptosis of the upper lid as well entropion and distichiasis. The principals of ectropion repair will be taught as well as surgical intervention for involutional and cicatricial types of ectropion. Seventh nerve palsy and its causes and treatment will be discussed in depth as well as a brief module on blepharoplasty surgery of the upper and lower lids. Surgery to correct facial palsy will be briefly discussed.
Textbooks
Oculoplastic Surgery by McCord, Tanenbaum, Nunery 4th edition.
OPSC5035 Oculoplastic Surgery 2

This unit of study is not available in 2017

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Raf Ghabrial Session: Semester 2 Classes: Online lectures and online oculoplastic surgery forum discussion. Prerequisites: OPSC5001 and OPSC5002 and OPSC5034 Assessment: 3 x 2000 word written assignments (90%), online discussion (10%) Mode of delivery: Online
Note: Student should contact the discipline directly for permission to enrol. The PG Coordinator will email Student Services to notify them of students who have permission. Assumed knowledge: Students undertaking this unit of study must have advanced specialty training with RANZCO qualifications or equivalent. Consideration will be give to RACS and dermatology advance trainees.
This unit of study aims to provide candidates with a deeper understanding of the theoretical and practical formations of Oculoplastic surgery. In order to study Oculoplastic Surgery 2, students must have successfully completed Oculoplastic Surgery 1. Over the 14 weeks students will study all lacrimal and orbital disease. Lacrimal draining system disorders will be discussed as well as their treatment and diagnosis. External lacrimal as well as endoscopic techniques will be discussed with their advantages and disadvantages. Techniques of investigating lacrimal disorders will be further discussed.
Orbital disease will be next discussed. Graves' orbitopathy will be the primary prototype in this module. The symptoms, treatment, and surgery of this disorder will be discussed in depth. After Graves' orbitopathy is thoroughly present, further orbital diseases will be presented. These will include neoplasia, inflammation and infections of the orbits. Finally this module will end with surgical approaches to the orbit.
Orbital trauma will be discussed including management of the early and late phases.
The last portion of this module will involve enucleation, evisceration and exenteration as well as evaluation and management of the anophthalmic socket.
Textbooks
Oculoplastic Surgery by McCord, Tanenbaum, Nunery 4th edition.
OPSC5036 Practical Oculoplastic Surgery

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Raf Ghabrial Session: Intensive November Classes: Intensive on campus Prerequisites: OPSC5001 and OPSC5002 and OPSC5034 Corequisites: OPSC5035 Assumed knowledge: Students undertaking this unit of study must have advanced specialty training with RANZCO qualifications or equivalent. Consideration will be give to RACS and dermatology advance trainees. Assessment: Online surgical logbook (40%) and observed structured clinical exam (60%) Mode of delivery: Block mode
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Students should contact the discipline directly for permission to enrol. The PG Coordinator will email Student Services to notify them of students who have permission.
This unit of study aims to provide candidates with the practical experience and knowledge necessary to assess and perform oculoplastic surgery. This is a mentor-based programme with candidates supervised in a number of clinical and laboratory environments. Emphasis is on pre-operative investigation, surgical skill and post-operative management. Candidates will be required to observe and perform and extra-ocular surgical techniques relevant to oculoplastic surgery. Candidates will rotate through a number of oculoplastic surgical practices and observe oculoplastic surgery taking place utilizing a number of oculoplastic surgical systems. Further candidates will have to attend a number of wet lab sessions designed for the performing of oculoplastic surgical techniques on artificial, animal or human eyes. A logbook of observed and performed surgeries will be kept and used for assessment. Surgical mentors will be allocated and provide the appropriate training in specific oculoplastic operations.
Textbooks
A Manual of Systematic Eyelid Surgery by J. R. O. Collin MA MB Bchir FRCS FRCOphth DO (3rd edition 2006); Colour Atlas of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, by AG Tyers and JRO Collin (3rd edition 2007); Unfavourable Results in Eyelid and Lacrimal Surgery by Joseph A. Mauriello, Jr. (2000).