Professor Richard Smith

Ph.D. (1997) UW, M.A. (1984), MAQM.Ed. (1980), MancM.Sc. (1972) MAQ, Dip.Ed. (1965) SYD, B.Sc. (1964) UNSW
Professor of Biomechanics

C43K - K Block Cumberland Campus
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 9462
Fax +61 2 9351 9204

Website Biomechanics research team
Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science

Biographical details

I am excited by the insights biomechanics can reveal and spurred on by the progress our own team has made in understanding human physical performance. I have a deep interest in human physical performance whether it is the process of recovering from injury or illness, maximising sport performance or just optimising day to day function. To pursue these interests I have a PhD in biomechanics, manage a highly advanced biomechanics laboratory and a team of biomechanists and research students. I have supervised 18 PhD, 12 Masters and 20 Honours students to completion. My main research interests are footwear and lower limb mechanics and rowing performance. I am a very enthusiastic biomechanics researcher. I am motivated by the way our studies of human mechanics reveal the clever mechanisms the human body uses, for the most part, to achieve efficiency and prevent injury during the performance of physical activities. When these processes break down biomechanics again has the tools to help understand why, suggest means of rehabilitation and assess how well the learning/curing process has worked.

Research interests

Professor Smith is a member of the Biomechanics research team:

http://sydney.edu.au/health-sciences/research/biomechanics/index.shtml

Teaching and supervision

Coordinator and lecturer in the Human Mechanics Unit of Study for Masters by coursework students in the Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science.

Selected grants

2013

  • Portable Gait Analysis System (PeGASys); Burns J, Refshauge K, Halaki M, Vanicek N, Smith R, Raymond J, Crosbie W, Nicholson L; DVC Research/Equipment Grant.

2011

  • Using a new concept in instumented oars to enhance an individual rowers performance in training and racing -- targeted towards the lead-Up to the London Olympics; Smith R; Australian Institute of Sport/Major Grant Scheme.
  • Train High Eat Low for Osteoarthritis (THE LO Study): a randomised controlled trial; Fiatarone Singh M, Brand-Miller J, Vanwanseele B, March L, Smith R, Eckstein F; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2010

  • The link between soil structure, microbial diversity and the rate of carbon sequestration; McBratney A, Smith R, Nunan N, Minasny B, Crawford J; Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research (Federal)/International Science Linkages (ISL) Competitive Grants.
  • Using constraints to facilitate the measurement and analysis of multi-body dynamics; Smith R, Sinclair P, Turner T, Draper C, Colloud F; Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research (Federal)/International Science Linkages (ISL) Competitive Grants.

2009

  • Peripheral Quantatative Computed Tomography (pQCT) Scanner; Smith R; Clive & Vera Ramaciotti Foundation/Awards for Biomedical Research: Major Equipment.
  • Capturing Dance: using Motion Capture to enhance the creation of innovative Australian dance; Vincs K, Mak V, Smith R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2008

  • Foot down not ground up: moving from splint to natural models for children's shoe design; Smith R, O'Meara D, Doherty M, Davies S, Hunt A, Vanwanseele B, O'Meara D; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • The effect of external ankle support on ankle and knee stability in cutting and landing tasks; Vanwanseele B, Smith R; New South Wales Sporting Injuries Committee/Research and Injury Prevention Scheme.

2004

  • 2004-Linkage LP0455177 - Children Walking Well; Smith R, Harris L, Ng C, Penkala S; Pacific Brands: Footwear Group/Project Support.
  • Matching oars to rowers; Randell A, Armfield S, Smith R, Randell A; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Is muscle force or energy expenditure minimised in learning a gross motor skill?; Smith R; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Research and Development (R&D).
  • Children walking well; Naughton G, Smith R, Harris L, Vanwanseele B, Hunt A; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Matching Oars to Rowers LP0454205; Armfield S, Smith R; Croker Oars Pty Ltd/Project Support.

2003

  • Linkage 2003 Round Two - Bringing the boat into the lab.: Rowing simulation; Smith R, Drory-Weinstock A; CARE Rowperfect Australia/Project Support.
  • Bringing the boat into the lab: Rowing simulation; Smith R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Servomotor and controller system; O'Dwyer N, Cathers I, Refshauge K, Maher C, Kilbreath S, Smith R, Herbert R; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2002

  • COSMED K4b2 Portable Metabolic (Gas Exchange) System; Davis G, Smith R, Alison J, Mackey M, Ellis E, Maher C, Refshauge K; DVC Research/Equipment (Sesqui).
  • Walk back to the future standing and walking in people with spinal cord injury; Smith R, Davis G; Motor Accident Authority of New South Wales/Project Support.

2001

  • A new concept walking shoe; Smith R, Nishiwaki T, Doherty M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Strategic Partnerships with Industry - Research and Training (SPIRT).
  • Manual Support fixture design in high risk environments; Smith R, Innes E; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Strategic Partnerships with Industry - Research and Training (SPIRT).

2000

  • The pronation control function of athletic footwear during walking, jogging and running.; Smith R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.
  • Evaluation of Joint Position Sensors during Sit to Stand; Davis R, Smith R; Ross Davis Neural Engineering Clinic (USA)/BLO Project.
  • Postural and muscle activity characteristics of two computer workstations; Richter G, Smith R; Ergoport Pty Ltd/BLO Project.
  • Walking for the Spinal Cord-Injured; Smith R, Davis G, Hill D, Ronco E; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Strategic Partnerships with Industry - Research and Training (SPIRT).
  • On-water telemetered rowing data acquisition system; Smith R; NSW Institute of Sport/Research Grant.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Smith, R., Dickson, M., Colloud, F. (2014). Rowing Ergometer Design and Lumbar Stress. In Youlian Hong (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ergonomics in Sport and Exercise, (pp. 440-458). Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Smith, R., Loschner, C. (2002). Net power production and performance at different stroke rates and abilities during pair-oar rowing. In Youlian Hong (Eds.), International Research in Sports Biomechanics, (pp. 279-283). United Kingdom: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • O'Dwyer, N., Smith, E., Smith, R. (2001). Quantification of coordination in human walking. In Gantchev, N (Eds.), From Basic Motor Control to Functional Recovery II, (pp. 107-119). Sofia, Bulgaria: Academic Press Elsevier.

Journals

  • Attenborough, A., Hiller, C., Smith, R., Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Sinclair, P. (2014). Chronic Ankle Instability in Sporting Populations. Sports Medicine, Article in Press. [More Information]
  • Vanwanseele, B., Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Smith, R. (2014). The effect of external ankle support on knee and ankle joint movement and loading in netball players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(5), 511-515. [More Information]
  • Leung, J., Smith, R., Harvey, L., Moseley, A., Chapparo, J. (2014). The impact of simulated ankle plantarflexion contracture on the knee joint during stance phase of gait: A within-subject study. Clinical Biomechanics, 29(4), 423-428. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2013). Effect of sports shoes on children's vertical jump performance and midfoot and ankle kinetics. Footwear Science, 5(Suppl. 1), S58-S59. [More Information]
  • Chard, A., Greene, A., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Smith, R. (2013). Effect of thong style flip-flops on children's barefoot walking and jogging kinematics. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 6(1), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Fohanno, V., Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Colloud, F. (2013). How to reconstruct athlete movement during outdoor rowing? A pilot study. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 16(S1), 95-96. [More Information]
  • Wang, X., O'Dwyer, N., Halaki, M., Smith, R. (2013). Identifying Coordinative Structure Using Principal Component Analysis Based on Coherence Derived From Linear Systems Analysis. Journal of Motor Behavior, 45(2), 167-179. [More Information]
  • Fong Yan, A., Sinclair, P., Hiller, C., Wegener, C., Smith, R. (2013). Impact attenuation during weight bearing activities in barefoot vs. shod conditions: A systematic review. Gait and Posture, 38(2), 175-186. [More Information]
  • Hamzaid, N., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2013). Isokinetic Cycling and Elliptical Stepping: A Kinematic and Muscle Activation Analysis. Clinical Research on Foot and Ankle, 1(3), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2013). Knee loading patterns in a simulated netball landing task. European Journal of Sport Science, 13(5), 475-482. [More Information]
  • Ho, S., Smith, R., Chapman, P., Sinclair, P., Funato, K. (2013). Physiological and physical characteristics of elite dragon boat paddlers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(1), 137-145. [More Information]
  • Fong Yan, A., Smith, R., Hiller, C., Sinclair, P. (2013). The effect of jazz shoe design on impact attenuation. Footwear Science, 5(SUPPL. 1), S124-S125. [More Information]
  • Lee, K., O'Dwyer, N., Halaki, M., Smith, R. (2012). A new paradigm for human stick balancing: a suspended not an inverted pendulum. Experimental Brain Research, 221(3), 309-328.
  • Smith, R., Wegener, C., Greene, A., Chard, A., Fong Yan, A. (2012). Biomechanics of footwear design. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 5(Supp 1), l1-l1. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Miller, R., Burns, J., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Smith, R. (2012). Children's functional performance barefoot and in sports shoes. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research.
  • Attenborough, A., Smith, R., Sinclair, P. (2012). Effect of gender and stroke rate on joint power characteristics of the upper extremity during simulated rowing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(5), 449-458. [More Information]
  • Hamzaid, N., Pithon, K., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2012). Functional electrical stimulation elliptical stepping versus cycling in spinal cord-injured individuals. Clinical Biomechanics, 27(7), 731-737. [More Information]
  • Fong Yan, A., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B., Hiller, C. (2012). Mechanics of jazz shoes and their effect on pointing in child dancers. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(3), 242-248.
  • Michael, J., Rooney, K., Smith, R. (2012). The dynamics of elite paddling on a kayak simulator. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(7), 661-668. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., O'Meara, D., Hunt, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Greene, A., Smith, R. (2012). Three-dimensional ankle kinematics in children's school shoes during running. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 5(Supp 1), 20-20. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Greene, A., Burns, J. (2011). Children's rearfoot and midfoot motion while walking in school shoes. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 4(Supp 1), 49-49. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2011). Effect of children's shoes on gait: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 4(3), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Fong Yan, A., Hiller, C., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2011). Effect of Footwear on Dancers: A Systematic Review. Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, 15(2), 86-92.
  • Estigoni, E., Fornusek, C., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2011). Evoked EMG and Muscle Fatigue During Isokinetic FES-Cycling in Individuals With SCI. Neuromodulation, 14(4), 349-355. [More Information]
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2011). Lower limb Muscle Strengthening Does Not Change Frontal Plane Moments in Women with Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Biomechanics, 26(2), 167-174. [More Information]
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2011). Progressive Resistance Training and Dynamic Alignment in Osteoarthritis: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Biomechanics, 26(1), 71-77. [More Information]
  • O'Connor, C., Smith, R., Nott, M., Lorang, C., Mathews, R. (2011). Using video simulated presence to reduce resistance to care and increase participation of adults with dementia. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 26(4), 317-325. [More Information]
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2010). Dynamic Alignment and Its Association with Knee Adduction Moment in Medial Knee Osteoarthritis. The Knee, 17(3), 210-216. [More Information]
  • Estigoni, E., Fornusek, C., song, T., Tanhoffer, A., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2010). Evoked EMG and muscle fatigue during isokinetic FES cycling in individuals with SCI. Assistive Technology Research Series, 26, 314-316. [More Information]
  • Michael, J., Smith, R., Rooney, K. (2010). Physiological Responses to Kayaking with a Swivel Seat. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(8), 555-560. [More Information]
  • Vanwanseele, B., Eckstein, F., Smith, R., Lange, A., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2010). The relationship between knee adduction moment and cartilage and meniscus morphology in women with osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 18(7), 894-901. [More Information]
  • O'Meara, D., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2010). The Reliability and Validity of a Three-Camera Foot Image System for Obtaining Foot Anthropometrics. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 26(3), 349-356.
  • Ho, S., Smith, R., O'Meara, D. (2009). Biomechanical analysis of dragon boat paddling: A comparison of elite and sub-elite paddlers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(1), 250-47. [More Information]
  • Michael, J., Smith, R., Rooney, K. (2009). Determinants of kayak paddling performance. Sports Biomechanics, 8(2), 167-179. [More Information]
  • Braz, G., Russold, M., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2009). Efficacy and stability performance of traditional versus motion sensor-assisted strategies for FES standing. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(9), 1332-1338. [More Information]
  • O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R., Halaki, M., Smith, E. (2009). Independent assessment of pattern and offset variability of time series waveforms. Gait and Posture, 29(2), 285-289. [More Information]
  • Michael, J., Rooney, K., Smith, R. (2009). La Richiesta Metabolica Della Canoa: Una Rivisitazione [The metabolic demands of kayaking: A review]. Nuova Canoa Ricerca, 67, 3-17.
  • Greene, A., Sinclair, P., Dickson, M., Colloud, F., Smith, R. (2009). Relative shank to thigh length is associated with different mechanisms of power production during elite male ergometer rowing. Sports Biomechanics, 8(4), 302-317.
  • Lange, A., Vanwanseele, B., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Smith, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2009). Resistive Exercise for Arthritic Cartilage Health (REACH): A randomized double-blind, sham-exercise controlled trial. BMC Geriatrics, 9(1), 1-1-1-10. [More Information]
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2009). The association of external knee adduction moment with biomechanical variables in osteoarthritis: A systematic review. The Knee, 16(5), 303-309. [More Information]
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2008). A longitudinal study of the effect of pregnancy on rising to stand from a chair. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(4), 779-787. [More Information]
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2008). Rising to stand from a chair: symmetry and frontal and horizontal plane kinematics and kinetics. Gait and Posture, 27, 8-15. [More Information]
  • Michael, J., Rooney, K., Smith, R. (2008). The metabolic demands of kayaking: A review. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7(1), 1-7.
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2007). Degenerative meniscus tears and mobility impairment in women with knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 15(6), 701-708. [More Information]
  • Hofmijster, M., Landman, E., Smith, R., Van Soest, A. (2007). Effect of stroke rate on the distribution of net mechanical power in rowing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(4), 403-411.
  • Braz, G., Russold, M., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2007). Electrically-evoked control of the swinging leg after spinal cord injury: Open-loop or motion sensor-assisted control. Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine, 30(4), 317-322.
  • Sinclair, P., Davis, G., Smith, R. (2006). Musculo-skeletal modelling of NMES-evoked knee extension in spinal cord injury. Journal of Biomechanics, 39(3), 483-492. [More Information]
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2006). The effects of unilateral grab rail assistance on the sit-to-stand performance of older aged adults. Human Movement Science, 25(2), 257-274. [More Information]
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2005). Differences between grab rail position and orientation during the assisted sit-to-stand for able-bodied older adults. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 21(1), 57-71.
  • Simcox, S., Parker, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Middleton, J. (2005). Performance of orientation sensors for use with a functional electrical stimulation mobility system. Journal of Biomechanics, 38(5), 1185-1190. [More Information]
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Barriskill, A., Middleton, J., Bruinsma, I., Duncan, M., Smith, R. (2004). A portable, 8-channel transcutaneous stimulator for paraplegic muscle training and mobility - A technical note. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 41(1), 41-52.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2004). Mechanics And Control Of The Flat Versus Normal Foot During The Stance Phase Of Walking. Clinical Biomechanics, 19(4), 391-397. [More Information]
  • Sinclair, P., Fornusek, C., Davis, G., Smith, R. (2004). The Effect Of Fatigue On The Timing Of Electrical Stimulation-Evoked Muscle Contractions In People With Spinal Cord Injury. Neuromodulation, 7(3), 214-222. [More Information]
  • Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2004). The Effect Of Joint Angle On The Timing Of Muscle Contractions Elicited By Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 12(2), 303-306. [More Information]
  • Smith, R., Loschner, C. (2002). Biomechanics Feedback for Rowing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(10), 783-791.
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2002). Effect of pregnancy on trunk range of motion when sitting and standing. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 81(11), 1011-1020.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2002). Functional handgrip test to determine the coefficient of static friction at the hand/handle interface. Ergonomics, 45(10), 717-731.
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2002). Static trunk posture in sitting and standing during pregnancy and early postpartum. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 83(12), 1739-1744.
  • Smith, R., Smith, E., O'Dwyer, N. (2001). Coordination of the ankle joint complex during walking. Human Movement Science, 20, 447-460.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Torode, M. (2001). Extrinsic muscle activity, foot motion and ankle joint moments during the stance phase of walking. Foot and Ankle International, 22, 31-41.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Torode, M., Keenan,, A. (2001). Inter-segment foot motion and ground reaction forces over the stance phase of walking. Clinical Biomechanics, 16, 592-600.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2001). Interpretation of ankle joint moments during the stance phase of walking: A comparison of two orthogonal axes systems. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 17, 173-180.
  • Kim, I., Smith, R., Nagata,, H. (2001). Microscopic observations of the progressive wear on shoe surfaces that affect the slip resistance characteristics. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 28, 17-29.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2001). Static friction properties between human palmar skin and five grabrail materials. Ergonomics, 44, 973-988.
  • Du Toit, V., Smith, R. (2001). Survey of the effects of aerobic dance on the lower extremity in aerobic instructors. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 91, 528-532.

Conferences

  • Attenborough, A., Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Hiller, C. (2014). The effect of exercise on ligament laxity during inversion/eversion rotations at the ankle joint. 4th Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community, Open Acces: BioMed Central Ltd.
  • Smith, R., Tong, S., O'Meara, D., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A. (2013). Effect of footwear on lower limb kinematics in children during sidestep. 31st International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2013), Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2013). Effect of sports shoes on children’s vertical jump performance and midfoot and ankle kinetics. XXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. XV Brazilian Congress of Biomechanics, USA: International Society of Biomechanics.
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2013). Effect of sports shoes on midfoot power generation in children while walking and running. XXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. XV Brazilian Congress of Biomechanics, USA: International Society of Biomechanics.
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2013). Power generation of the midfoot in children wearing sports shoes. Australasian Podiatry Council Conference 2013, UK: BioMed Central Ltd.
  • Gravenhorst, F., Troster, G., Turner, T., Smith, R., Draper, C. (2013). Validation of a rowing oar angle measurement system based on an inertial measurement unit. The 12th IEEE International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (IEEE TrustCom-13), Piscataway, New Jersey: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Smith, R., Wegener, C., Greene, A., Chard, A., Fong Yan, A. (2012). Biomechanics of footwear design. 3rd Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community. BioMed Central.
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Miller, R., Burns, J., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Smith, R. (2012). Children's functional performance barefoot and in sports shoes. 3rd Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community. BioMed Central.
  • Ho, S., Smith, R., Sinclair, P. (2012). Effect of stroke rate on kinematic characteristics of simulated on-water dragon boat paddling. 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: Australian Catholic University.
  • Wang, X., O'Dwyer, N., Halaki, M., Smith, R. (2012). Lower limb coordinative structure in human walking. 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: Australian Catholic University.
  • Fong Yan, A., Smith, R., Hiller, C., Sinclair, P. (2012). Maximum height of a dance jump in different jazz shoes. 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: Australian Catholic University.
  • Wegener, C., O'Meara, D., Hunt, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Greene, A., Smith, R. (2012). Three-dimensional ankle kinematics in children's school shoes during running. 3rd Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community. BioMed Central.
  • Wegener, C., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Greene, A., Burns, J. (2011). Children's rearfoot and midfoot motion while walking in school shoes. Australasian Podiatry Conference 2011.
  • Ferdinands, E., Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Sinclair, P., Smith, R. (2010). Biomechanics of lumbar spine injury in young Australian fast bowlers. Commonwealth International Sports Science Congress 2010, London: BMJ Publishing Group.
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2010). Effect of footwear on the gait of children: A systematic review. i-FAB 2010: 2nd Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community. i-FAB.
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2010). Effect of footwear on the gait of children: A systematic review. Australian Podiatry Conference 2010.
  • Davis, G., Estigoni, E., Fornusek, C., Smith, R. (2010). Effects of Recovery after Fatigue on M-wave vs Torque Relationships during Isometric FES-induced Contractions. 10th Vienna International Workshop on Functional Electrical Stimulation and 15th IFESS Annual Conference, 2010, Vienna, Austria: Center for Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna Medical School.
  • Smith, R. (2010). Field Measurement of Biomechanical Performance. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, USA: Northern Michigan University.
  • Ferdinands, E., Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Sinclair, P., Smith, R. (2010). Lumbar Kinematics and Kinetics of Young Australian Fast Bowlers. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, USA: Northern Michigan University.
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2009). Effect of footwear on the gait of children: A systematic review. PGRS Conference.
  • Smith, R., Dickson, M., Colloud, F. (2009). Mechanical loading of the lumbar spine of elite rowers while rowing fixed and sliding ergometers. The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Hamzaid, N., Baek, I., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2009). Metabolic costs and mechanical efficiency of FES-evoked leg cycling and elliptical stepping. 14th Annual International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Conference 2009 (IFESS 2009), Korea: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Sinclair, P., Greene, A., Smith, R. (2009). The effects of horizontal and vertical forces on single scull boat orientation while rowing. The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Vanwanseele, B., Lange, A., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2008). A Randomized Double-Blind Sham-Exercise Controlled Trial of Progressive Resistance Training for Cartilage Preservation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: The REACH Study. 61st Annual Science Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America GSA 2008, Oxford University Press: Oxford University Press.
  • Hamzaid, N., Fornusek, C., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2008). Elliptical FES stepping: Effect of varying stimulation angles. 13th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS 2008), Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2008). Gait and posture in arthritic and healthy knees. 26th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports ISBS 2008, Germany: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Vanwanseele, B., O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Hunt, A. (2008). Obtaining Foot Anthropometrics with a 3 Camera Foot Image System (FIS). 16th European Society of Biomechanics Congress ESB 2008, United Kingdom: Pergamon. [More Information]
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2008). Progressive Resistance Training and Dynamic Alignment in Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Single-Blind Controlled Trial. 6th Biennial Health Research Conference 2008, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B. (2008). School Shoes influence children's ankle joint control during walking. 3rd Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science Conference AAESS 2008, Australia: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2008). The Effect of Progressive Resistance Training on Biomechanics of Arthritic Gait: A Single-Blind Randomized Control Trial. 26th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports ISBS 2008, Germany: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Lange, A., Vanwanseele, B., Baker, M., Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Shnier, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2008). The effect of progressive resistance training on medial and lateral cartilage volume in women with knee osteoarthritis: A double-blind, randomized, sham exercise controlled trial. Osteoarthritis Research Society International World Congress on Osteoarthritis OARSI 2008, United States: Osteoarthritis Research Society International.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A. (2007). A 3 camera image system to determine foot morphology. 6th Biennial Australian and New Zealand Society of Biomechanics Australasian Biomechanics Conference 2007, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2007). Gait characteristics in arthritic and healthy adults. Biennial FHS Postgraduate Research Student Conference 2007, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B. (2007). In Shoe Motion of the Child's Foot when Walking. 8th Footwear Biomechanics Symposium 2007, United States: Footwear Biomechanics Group.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B. (2007). School shoes reduce children's foot motion during walking & jogging compared to barefoot. Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport 2007, Australia: Elsevier.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). A randomised controlled trial of progressive resistance training to improve knee adduction movement in women with knee osteoarthritis: Preliminary data. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). A randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training to improve knee adduction moment in women with knee Osteoarthritis: Preliminary data. 5th Biennial Health Research Conference 2006, Australia: Biennial Health Research Conference.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). A randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training to improve knee adduction moment in women with knee Osteoarthritis: Preliminary data. General Symosium of Iranian students in NSW and ACT 2006, Australia.
  • Ho, S., Smith, R., O'Meara, D. (2006). An instrumentation system for dragon boat paddles. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Buck, D., Smith, R., Sinclair, P. (2006). Application of genetic programming for the evolution of controllers for stepping in paraplegics. IXth International Symposium of Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Middleton, J., Smith, R., Davis, G., Smith, B., Johnson, T. (2006). Biomechanical Performance of Orthosis-Only, Hybrid FES/Orthosis, and Implant-Assisted Gait in Paraplegia. 4th World Congress for NeuroRehabilitation WCNR 2006, United States: Sage Publications.
  • El-Miski, G., Smith, R. (2006). Bond graph modelling and model-based predictive control for FES-induced single joint movement. IXth International Symposium of Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Draper, C., Smith, R. (2006). Consistency of technical and performance based rowing variables in single sculling. XXIV International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2006), Austria: University of Salzburg, Austria.
  • Braz, G., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2006). Designing an FES control algorithm: Important considerations. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering incorporating the 21st International Conference on Medical & Biological Engineering & the 15th International Conference on Medical Physics, UK: Springer.
  • Greene, A., Smith, R., Sinclair, P., Dickson, M., Colloud, F. (2006). Effect of relative shank length on the timing and coordination of the rowing stroke. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Smith, R., Hunt, A., Buchen, P., Poon, T. (2006). Estimating the talocrural and subtalar joint axis orientations using a minimisation of variance technique. IXth International Symposium of Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Braz, G., Russold, M., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2006). FES-supported standing after paraplegia: traditional versus event-driven closed-loop strategies. 11th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Japan: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2006). Forward dynamic modelling to predict electrical stimulation timing in cycling exercise for people with spinal cord injury. IXth International Symposium of Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). Gait variables in women with knee osteoarthritis: A preliminary study. The Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences Research Seminars 2005, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Drory-Weinstock, A., Smith, R., Sinclair, P. (2006). Inertial sensors as an alternative to video motion analysis systems for measurement of kinematic data: A validation study. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Vanwanseele, B., Smith, R., Lange, A., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2006). Is knee adduction moment correlated with bone size and cartilage thickness in women with osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis Research Society International World Congress on Osteoarthritis OARSI 2006, United States: Osteoarthritis Research Society International.
  • Hamzaid, N., Davis, G., Smith, R. (2006). Isokinetic cycling versus elliptical stepping: A kinematic and electromyography analysis. XVth International Conference on Mechanics in Medicine and Biology (ICMMB 2006), Singapore: Nanyang Technological University.
  • Hamzaid, N., Davis, G., Smith, R. (2006). Leg muscle activation in isokinetic cycling versus elliptical stepping. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Braz, G., Russold, M., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2006). Motion sensors feedback in FES gait: A novel control strategy. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering incorporating the 21st International Conference on Medical & Biological Engineering & the 15th International Conference on Medical Physics, UK: Springer.
  • Michael, J., Smith, R. (2006). Paddle and net kayak forces during on water kayaking with a swivel and traditional fixed seat. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). Prevalence of clinically unsuspected meniscus tears in women with knee osteoarthritis. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Smith, R., Draper, C. (2006). Skill variables discriminate between the elite and sub-elite in coxless pair-oared rowing. XXIV International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2006), Austria: University of Salzburg, Austria.
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). The effect of progressive resistance training (PRT) on cartilage morphology in women with knee osteoarthritis: Design of a randomised controlled trial. NSW Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport 2006, Australia: Sports Medicine Australia NSW.
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Shnier, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). The effect of progressive resistance training (PRT) on cartilage morphology in women with knee osteoarthritis: Design of a randomized controlled trial. The Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences Research Seminars 2005, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). The effect of progressive resistance training on cartilage morphology in women with knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Research Society International World Congress on Osteoarthritis OARSI 2006, United States: Osteoarthritis Research Society International.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2006). Three dimensional moments during manually assisted sit to stand of older aged adults measured by a novel 12 channel instrumented grab rail. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Lee, K., O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R., Halaki, M. (2006). Whole body coordination in balancing a stick. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Braz, G., Nightingale, E., Deckers, D., Armstrong, N., Lee, M., Middleton, J., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2005). Closed-loop control of FES standing: How strategies to reduce knee-buckle be improved? 10th Annual Conference of the International FES Society IFESS 2005, Canada: International FES Society.
  • Smith, R., Draper, C. (2005). Controlling yaw in a pair of rowing boat. XXIII International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Beijing: The China Institute of Sport Science.
  • O'Dwyer, N., Yankai, A., Smith, R., Halaki, M. (2005). Whole body kinematics in adult males and females during walking at a range of speeds. 7th Motor Control and Human Skill Conference, Perth, WA: Curtin Univeristy of Technology.
  • Smith, E., Smith, R., O'Dwyer, N., Torode, M. (2004). Effect of foot conditions on the first MTP joint motion and dynamic MLA motion. 5th Australasian Biomechanics Conference 2004, Australia.
  • Kim, I., Smith, R. (2003). A critical analysis of the relationship betwen shoe-hell wear and pedestrian/walkway slip resistance. Symposium on the Metrology of Pedestrian Locomotion and Slip Resistance, USA: ASTM International.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Lee, M. (2003). Control of the flat versus normal foot during walking. International Society for Postural & Gait Research ISPGR 2003, United States: International Society for Postural & Gait Research.
  • Smith, R., Hunt, A., Buchen, P., Poon, S. (2003). Finding the axes of the ankle joint complex. IX International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics ISCSB 2003, Online: International Society of Biomechanics.
  • Hunt, A., Kenny, M., Smith, R. (2003). Free ankle and foot motion during weight bearing. Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport ACSMS 2003, Australia: Elsevier.
  • Simcox, S., Middleton, J., Davis, G., Smith, R., Fisher, B. (2003). Performance of a medial linkage orthosis with fixed knee joints. 8th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society IFESS 2003, United Kingdom: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2003). Variability in ankle joint moments compared between two orthogonal axes systems. 19th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics ISB 2003, Online: International Society of Biomechanics.
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2002). A case study of the effect of parity on sitting and standing posture during pregnancy. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Barriskill, A. (2002). A portable 8-channel transcutaneous stimulator for paraplegic muscle training and mobility. Third College of Health Sciences Research Conference 2002 : from cell to society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Smith, R., Davis, G., Middleton, J. (2002). Biomechanical in efficiency and high energy costs of orthosis-assisted gait in paraplegia. IMSoP & ASIA 1st Joint Meeting, Canada: American Spinal Injury Association.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2002). Centre of mass motion during a grabrail assisted sit-stand-sit cycle. Third College of Health Sciences Research Conference 2002 : from cell to society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • O'Dwyer, N., Rattanaprasert, U., Smith, R. (2002). Coordinative structure in human walking. Twenty second annual meeting, : British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Fisher, W., Smith, R., Middleton, J. (2002). Design of a computer controlled free-knee joint for use with a hybrid orthosis for paraplegic gait. Third College of Health Sciences Research Conference 2002 : from cell to society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Fisher, W., Middleton, J. (2002). Design of a computer free-knee joint for use with a hybrid orthosis for paraplegic gait. Third College of Health Sciences Research Conference 2002 : from cell to society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Gilleard, W., Smith, R., Crosbie, W., Adams, R. (2002). Effect of pregnancy on the kinematics and kinetics of rising to stand from a chair. VIIth International Physiotherapy Congress, Sydney: Australian Physiotherapy Association.
  • Buck, D., Smith, R. (2002). Evolution of a controller for an FES implant using genetic programming. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2002). Incorporation of heterogeneous fibre and sarcomere lengths into the force-length relationship for skeletal muscles. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Smith, R., Attwells, R. (2002). Motion control shoes reduce midfoot range of motion during running. IVth World Congress on Biomechanics, : British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • Smith, R., Middleton, J., Davis, G., Fisher, W. (2002). New Concepts and Measures of Stability for Orthosis-Assisted Gait. 7th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Slovenia: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Smith, R., Draper, C. (2002). Quantitative characteristics of coxless pair-oar rowing. XXth International Symposium on Biomechanic in Sports, Madrid: Universidad de Extremadura.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Buchen, P. (2002). The ankle joint modelled as hinge axes. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Yankai, A., O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R. (2002). The effect of speed of walking on thoracic, lumbar, and pelvic motion in three-dimensional space. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Yankai, A., O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R. (2002). The effect of walking speed on head movement. From Cell to Society 3, Sydney: The College of Health Sciences.
  • Yankai, A., O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R. (2002). The effect of walking speed on thoracic, lumbar and pelvic motion in three-dimensional space. The Fourth Australasian Biomechanics Conference, : British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2002). The effects of grabrail position and orientation on body motion and handle force. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Smith, R., Attwells, R. (2002). Tibial torsion during heel-toe running barefoot and in shoes. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Kim, I., Smith, R. (2001). A critical analysis of the friction measure concept for slip resistance evaluation. Symposium on Metrology of Pedestrian Locomotion and Slip Resistance, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2001). A direct and indirect measure of friction between palmer skin and grabrail materials. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Kim, I., Smith, R. (2001). A study for characterising topography changes of shoe surfaces in the early stage of slip resistance measurements-bearing area curve. 6th Pan-Pacific Conference on Occupational Ergonomics, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Buchen, P. (2001). A two axes hinge model for describing function of the loaded ankle joint complex. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Lee, M. (2001). Ankle joint moments during walking in normal and symptomatic males. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2001). Coronal and transverse plane kinematics and kinetics of sit-to-stand. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Smith, R., van, S. (2001). Does the "no-shooting-the-slide" tasks constraint limit rowing performance. VIII International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Smith, R., Smith, E., O'Dwyer, N. (2001). Effect of gender on kinematics of the ankle joint during walking. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Middleton, J., Parker, S., Fisher, W. (2001). External trunk and limb orientation sensors for human movement. 6th Annual Conference of the International functional electrical stimulation society, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Attwells, R., Smith, R. (2001). Influence of motion control shoes on normal and overpronator foot motion during running. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Du Toit, V., Smith, R. (2001). Kinetics of the lower extremity in aerobic dance. Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, : Ads & Adea.
  • Smith, R., Loschner, C. (2001). The influence of seat velocity on single scull velocity during the recovery phase. 18th Congress of the ISB International Society of Biomechanics, : World Scientific Publishing.
  • Loschner, C., Smith, R., Mattes,, K. (2001). The influence of transverse pin forces on boat acceleration in rowing. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Kim, I., Smith, R. (2001). Three-dimensional analysis of floor surface wear during slip resistance measurements. 6th Pan-Pacific Conference on Occupational Ergonomics, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.

Report

  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2011). Moving from a splint to a functional midfoot for children's shoes - the windlass principle.
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2011). Moving from a splint to a functional midfoot for children's shoes - the windlass principle.
  • Wegener, C., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Burns, J. (2010). Moving from a truss to cable midfoot model for children's shoes.

2014

  • Attenborough, A., Hiller, C., Smith, R., Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Sinclair, P. (2014). Chronic Ankle Instability in Sporting Populations. Sports Medicine, Article in Press. [More Information]
  • Smith, R., Dickson, M., Colloud, F. (2014). Rowing Ergometer Design and Lumbar Stress. In Youlian Hong (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ergonomics in Sport and Exercise, (pp. 440-458). Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Attenborough, A., Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Hiller, C. (2014). The effect of exercise on ligament laxity during inversion/eversion rotations at the ankle joint. 4th Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community, Open Acces: BioMed Central Ltd.
  • Vanwanseele, B., Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Smith, R. (2014). The effect of external ankle support on knee and ankle joint movement and loading in netball players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(5), 511-515. [More Information]
  • Leung, J., Smith, R., Harvey, L., Moseley, A., Chapparo, J. (2014). The impact of simulated ankle plantarflexion contracture on the knee joint during stance phase of gait: A within-subject study. Clinical Biomechanics, 29(4), 423-428. [More Information]

2013

  • Smith, R., Tong, S., O'Meara, D., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A. (2013). Effect of footwear on lower limb kinematics in children during sidestep. 31st International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2013), Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2013). Effect of sports shoes on children's vertical jump performance and midfoot and ankle kinetics. Footwear Science, 5(Suppl. 1), S58-S59. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2013). Effect of sports shoes on children’s vertical jump performance and midfoot and ankle kinetics. XXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. XV Brazilian Congress of Biomechanics, USA: International Society of Biomechanics.
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2013). Effect of sports shoes on midfoot power generation in children while walking and running. XXIV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. XV Brazilian Congress of Biomechanics, USA: International Society of Biomechanics.
  • Chard, A., Greene, A., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Smith, R. (2013). Effect of thong style flip-flops on children's barefoot walking and jogging kinematics. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 6(1), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Fohanno, V., Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Colloud, F. (2013). How to reconstruct athlete movement during outdoor rowing? A pilot study. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 16(S1), 95-96. [More Information]
  • Wang, X., O'Dwyer, N., Halaki, M., Smith, R. (2013). Identifying Coordinative Structure Using Principal Component Analysis Based on Coherence Derived From Linear Systems Analysis. Journal of Motor Behavior, 45(2), 167-179. [More Information]
  • Fong Yan, A., Sinclair, P., Hiller, C., Wegener, C., Smith, R. (2013). Impact attenuation during weight bearing activities in barefoot vs. shod conditions: A systematic review. Gait and Posture, 38(2), 175-186. [More Information]
  • Hamzaid, N., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2013). Isokinetic Cycling and Elliptical Stepping: A Kinematic and Muscle Activation Analysis. Clinical Research on Foot and Ankle, 1(3), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2013). Knee loading patterns in a simulated netball landing task. European Journal of Sport Science, 13(5), 475-482. [More Information]
  • Ho, S., Smith, R., Chapman, P., Sinclair, P., Funato, K. (2013). Physiological and physical characteristics of elite dragon boat paddlers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(1), 137-145. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2013). Power generation of the midfoot in children wearing sports shoes. Australasian Podiatry Council Conference 2013, UK: BioMed Central Ltd.
  • Fong Yan, A., Smith, R., Hiller, C., Sinclair, P. (2013). The effect of jazz shoe design on impact attenuation. Footwear Science, 5(SUPPL. 1), S124-S125. [More Information]
  • Gravenhorst, F., Troster, G., Turner, T., Smith, R., Draper, C. (2013). Validation of a rowing oar angle measurement system based on an inertial measurement unit. The 12th IEEE International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (IEEE TrustCom-13), Piscataway, New Jersey: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]

2012

  • Lee, K., O'Dwyer, N., Halaki, M., Smith, R. (2012). A new paradigm for human stick balancing: a suspended not an inverted pendulum. Experimental Brain Research, 221(3), 309-328.
  • Smith, R., Wegener, C., Greene, A., Chard, A., Fong Yan, A. (2012). Biomechanics of footwear design. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 5(Supp 1), l1-l1. [More Information]
  • Smith, R., Wegener, C., Greene, A., Chard, A., Fong Yan, A. (2012). Biomechanics of footwear design. 3rd Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community. BioMed Central.
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Miller, R., Burns, J., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Smith, R. (2012). Children's functional performance barefoot and in sports shoes. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research.
  • Wegener, C., Greene, A., Miller, R., Burns, J., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Smith, R. (2012). Children's functional performance barefoot and in sports shoes. 3rd Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community. BioMed Central.
  • Attenborough, A., Smith, R., Sinclair, P. (2012). Effect of gender and stroke rate on joint power characteristics of the upper extremity during simulated rowing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(5), 449-458. [More Information]
  • Ho, S., Smith, R., Sinclair, P. (2012). Effect of stroke rate on kinematic characteristics of simulated on-water dragon boat paddling. 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: Australian Catholic University.
  • Hamzaid, N., Pithon, K., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2012). Functional electrical stimulation elliptical stepping versus cycling in spinal cord-injured individuals. Clinical Biomechanics, 27(7), 731-737. [More Information]
  • Wang, X., O'Dwyer, N., Halaki, M., Smith, R. (2012). Lower limb coordinative structure in human walking. 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: Australian Catholic University.
  • Fong Yan, A., Smith, R., Hiller, C., Sinclair, P. (2012). Maximum height of a dance jump in different jazz shoes. 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: Australian Catholic University.
  • Fong Yan, A., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B., Hiller, C. (2012). Mechanics of jazz shoes and their effect on pointing in child dancers. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(3), 242-248.
  • Michael, J., Rooney, K., Smith, R. (2012). The dynamics of elite paddling on a kayak simulator. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(7), 661-668. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., O'Meara, D., Hunt, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Greene, A., Smith, R. (2012). Three-dimensional ankle kinematics in children's school shoes during running. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 5(Supp 1), 20-20. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., O'Meara, D., Hunt, A., Burns, J., Vanwanseele, B., Greene, A., Smith, R. (2012). Three-dimensional ankle kinematics in children's school shoes during running. 3rd Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community. BioMed Central.

2011

  • Wegener, C., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Greene, A., Burns, J. (2011). Children's rearfoot and midfoot motion while walking in school shoes. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 4(Supp 1), 49-49. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Greene, A., Burns, J. (2011). Children's rearfoot and midfoot motion while walking in school shoes. Australasian Podiatry Conference 2011.
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2011). Effect of children's shoes on gait: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 4(3), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Fong Yan, A., Hiller, C., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2011). Effect of Footwear on Dancers: A Systematic Review. Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, 15(2), 86-92.
  • Estigoni, E., Fornusek, C., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2011). Evoked EMG and Muscle Fatigue During Isokinetic FES-Cycling in Individuals With SCI. Neuromodulation, 14(4), 349-355. [More Information]
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2011). Lower limb Muscle Strengthening Does Not Change Frontal Plane Moments in Women with Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Biomechanics, 26(2), 167-174. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2011). Moving from a splint to a functional midfoot for children's shoes - the windlass principle.
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2011). Moving from a splint to a functional midfoot for children's shoes - the windlass principle.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2011). Progressive Resistance Training and Dynamic Alignment in Osteoarthritis: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Biomechanics, 26(1), 71-77. [More Information]
  • O'Connor, C., Smith, R., Nott, M., Lorang, C., Mathews, R. (2011). Using video simulated presence to reduce resistance to care and increase participation of adults with dementia. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 26(4), 317-325. [More Information]

2010

  • Ferdinands, E., Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Sinclair, P., Smith, R. (2010). Biomechanics of lumbar spine injury in young Australian fast bowlers. Commonwealth International Sports Science Congress 2010, London: BMJ Publishing Group.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2010). Dynamic Alignment and Its Association with Knee Adduction Moment in Medial Knee Osteoarthritis. The Knee, 17(3), 210-216. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2010). Effect of footwear on the gait of children: A systematic review. i-FAB 2010: 2nd Congress of the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics Community. i-FAB.
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2010). Effect of footwear on the gait of children: A systematic review. Australian Podiatry Conference 2010.
  • Davis, G., Estigoni, E., Fornusek, C., Smith, R. (2010). Effects of Recovery after Fatigue on M-wave vs Torque Relationships during Isometric FES-induced Contractions. 10th Vienna International Workshop on Functional Electrical Stimulation and 15th IFESS Annual Conference, 2010, Vienna, Austria: Center for Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna Medical School.
  • Estigoni, E., Fornusek, C., song, T., Tanhoffer, A., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2010). Evoked EMG and muscle fatigue during isokinetic FES cycling in individuals with SCI. Assistive Technology Research Series, 26, 314-316. [More Information]
  • Smith, R. (2010). Field Measurement of Biomechanical Performance. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, USA: Northern Michigan University.
  • Ferdinands, E., Stuelcken, M., Greene, A., Sinclair, P., Smith, R. (2010). Lumbar Kinematics and Kinetics of Young Australian Fast Bowlers. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, USA: Northern Michigan University.
  • Wegener, C., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Burns, J. (2010). Moving from a truss to cable midfoot model for children's shoes.
  • Michael, J., Smith, R., Rooney, K. (2010). Physiological Responses to Kayaking with a Swivel Seat. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(8), 555-560. [More Information]
  • Vanwanseele, B., Eckstein, F., Smith, R., Lange, A., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2010). The relationship between knee adduction moment and cartilage and meniscus morphology in women with osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 18(7), 894-901. [More Information]
  • O'Meara, D., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2010). The Reliability and Validity of a Three-Camera Foot Image System for Obtaining Foot Anthropometrics. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 26(3), 349-356.

2009

  • Ho, S., Smith, R., O'Meara, D. (2009). Biomechanical analysis of dragon boat paddling: A comparison of elite and sub-elite paddlers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(1), 250-47. [More Information]
  • Michael, J., Smith, R., Rooney, K. (2009). Determinants of kayak paddling performance. Sports Biomechanics, 8(2), 167-179. [More Information]
  • Wegener, C., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B., Burns, J., Smith, R. (2009). Effect of footwear on the gait of children: A systematic review. PGRS Conference.
  • Braz, G., Russold, M., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2009). Efficacy and stability performance of traditional versus motion sensor-assisted strategies for FES standing. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(9), 1332-1338. [More Information]
  • O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R., Halaki, M., Smith, E. (2009). Independent assessment of pattern and offset variability of time series waveforms. Gait and Posture, 29(2), 285-289. [More Information]
  • Michael, J., Rooney, K., Smith, R. (2009). La Richiesta Metabolica Della Canoa: Una Rivisitazione [The metabolic demands of kayaking: A review]. Nuova Canoa Ricerca, 67, 3-17.
  • Smith, R., Dickson, M., Colloud, F. (2009). Mechanical loading of the lumbar spine of elite rowers while rowing fixed and sliding ergometers. The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Hamzaid, N., Baek, I., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2009). Metabolic costs and mechanical efficiency of FES-evoked leg cycling and elliptical stepping. 14th Annual International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Conference 2009 (IFESS 2009), Korea: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Greene, A., Sinclair, P., Dickson, M., Colloud, F., Smith, R. (2009). Relative shank to thigh length is associated with different mechanisms of power production during elite male ergometer rowing. Sports Biomechanics, 8(4), 302-317.
  • Lange, A., Vanwanseele, B., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Smith, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2009). Resistive Exercise for Arthritic Cartilage Health (REACH): A randomized double-blind, sham-exercise controlled trial. BMC Geriatrics, 9(1), 1-1-1-10. [More Information]
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2009). The association of external knee adduction moment with biomechanical variables in osteoarthritis: A systematic review. The Knee, 16(5), 303-309. [More Information]
  • Sinclair, P., Greene, A., Smith, R. (2009). The effects of horizontal and vertical forces on single scull boat orientation while rowing. The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.

2008

  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2008). A longitudinal study of the effect of pregnancy on rising to stand from a chair. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(4), 779-787. [More Information]
  • Vanwanseele, B., Lange, A., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2008). A Randomized Double-Blind Sham-Exercise Controlled Trial of Progressive Resistance Training for Cartilage Preservation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: The REACH Study. 61st Annual Science Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America GSA 2008, Oxford University Press: Oxford University Press.
  • Hamzaid, N., Fornusek, C., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2008). Elliptical FES stepping: Effect of varying stimulation angles. 13th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS 2008), Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2008). Gait and posture in arthritic and healthy knees. 26th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports ISBS 2008, Germany: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Vanwanseele, B., O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Hunt, A. (2008). Obtaining Foot Anthropometrics with a 3 Camera Foot Image System (FIS). 16th European Society of Biomechanics Congress ESB 2008, United Kingdom: Pergamon. [More Information]
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2008). Progressive Resistance Training and Dynamic Alignment in Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Single-Blind Controlled Trial. 6th Biennial Health Research Conference 2008, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2008). Rising to stand from a chair: symmetry and frontal and horizontal plane kinematics and kinetics. Gait and Posture, 27, 8-15. [More Information]
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B. (2008). School Shoes influence children's ankle joint control during walking. 3rd Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science Conference AAESS 2008, Australia: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2008). The Effect of Progressive Resistance Training on Biomechanics of Arthritic Gait: A Single-Blind Randomized Control Trial. 26th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports ISBS 2008, Germany: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Lange, A., Vanwanseele, B., Baker, M., Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Shnier, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2008). The effect of progressive resistance training on medial and lateral cartilage volume in women with knee osteoarthritis: A double-blind, randomized, sham exercise controlled trial. Osteoarthritis Research Society International World Congress on Osteoarthritis OARSI 2008, United States: Osteoarthritis Research Society International.
  • Michael, J., Rooney, K., Smith, R. (2008). The metabolic demands of kayaking: A review. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7(1), 1-7.

2007

  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B., Hunt, A. (2007). A 3 camera image system to determine foot morphology. 6th Biennial Australian and New Zealand Society of Biomechanics Australasian Biomechanics Conference 2007, New Zealand: University of Auckland.
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2007). Degenerative meniscus tears and mobility impairment in women with knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 15(6), 701-708. [More Information]
  • Hofmijster, M., Landman, E., Smith, R., Van Soest, A. (2007). Effect of stroke rate on the distribution of net mechanical power in rowing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(4), 403-411.
  • Braz, G., Russold, M., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2007). Electrically-evoked control of the swinging leg after spinal cord injury: Open-loop or motion sensor-assisted control. Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine, 30(4), 317-322.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2007). Gait characteristics in arthritic and healthy adults. Biennial FHS Postgraduate Research Student Conference 2007, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B. (2007). In Shoe Motion of the Child's Foot when Walking. 8th Footwear Biomechanics Symposium 2007, United States: Footwear Biomechanics Group.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R., Hunt, A., Vanwanseele, B. (2007). School shoes reduce children's foot motion during walking & jogging compared to barefoot. Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport 2007, Australia: Elsevier.

2006

  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). A randomised controlled trial of progressive resistance training to improve knee adduction movement in women with knee osteoarthritis: Preliminary data. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). A randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training to improve knee adduction moment in women with knee Osteoarthritis: Preliminary data. 5th Biennial Health Research Conference 2006, Australia: Biennial Health Research Conference.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Lange, A., Baker, M., Fiatarone Singh, M., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). A randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training to improve knee adduction moment in women with knee Osteoarthritis: Preliminary data. General Symosium of Iranian students in NSW and ACT 2006, Australia.
  • Ho, S., Smith, R., O'Meara, D. (2006). An instrumentation system for dragon boat paddles. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Buck, D., Smith, R., Sinclair, P. (2006). Application of genetic programming for the evolution of controllers for stepping in paraplegics. IXth International Symposium of Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Middleton, J., Smith, R., Davis, G., Smith, B., Johnson, T. (2006). Biomechanical Performance of Orthosis-Only, Hybrid FES/Orthosis, and Implant-Assisted Gait in Paraplegia. 4th World Congress for NeuroRehabilitation WCNR 2006, United States: Sage Publications.
  • El-Miski, G., Smith, R. (2006). Bond graph modelling and model-based predictive control for FES-induced single joint movement. IXth International Symposium of Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Draper, C., Smith, R. (2006). Consistency of technical and performance based rowing variables in single sculling. XXIV International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2006), Austria: University of Salzburg, Austria.
  • Braz, G., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2006). Designing an FES control algorithm: Important considerations. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering incorporating the 21st International Conference on Medical & Biological Engineering & the 15th International Conference on Medical Physics, UK: Springer.
  • Greene, A., Smith, R., Sinclair, P., Dickson, M., Colloud, F. (2006). Effect of relative shank length on the timing and coordination of the rowing stroke. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Smith, R., Hunt, A., Buchen, P., Poon, T. (2006). Estimating the talocrural and subtalar joint axis orientations using a minimisation of variance technique. IXth International Symposium of Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Braz, G., Russold, M., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2006). FES-supported standing after paraplegia: traditional versus event-driven closed-loop strategies. 11th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Japan: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2006). Forward dynamic modelling to predict electrical stimulation timing in cycling exercise for people with spinal cord injury. IXth International Symposium of Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Foroughi, N., Smith, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). Gait variables in women with knee osteoarthritis: A preliminary study. The Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences Research Seminars 2005, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Drory-Weinstock, A., Smith, R., Sinclair, P. (2006). Inertial sensors as an alternative to video motion analysis systems for measurement of kinematic data: A validation study. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Vanwanseele, B., Smith, R., Lange, A., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Fiatarone Singh, M. (2006). Is knee adduction moment correlated with bone size and cartilage thickness in women with osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis Research Society International World Congress on Osteoarthritis OARSI 2006, United States: Osteoarthritis Research Society International.
  • Hamzaid, N., Davis, G., Smith, R. (2006). Isokinetic cycling versus elliptical stepping: A kinematic and electromyography analysis. XVth International Conference on Mechanics in Medicine and Biology (ICMMB 2006), Singapore: Nanyang Technological University.
  • Hamzaid, N., Davis, G., Smith, R. (2006). Leg muscle activation in isokinetic cycling versus elliptical stepping. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Braz, G., Russold, M., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2006). Motion sensors feedback in FES gait: A novel control strategy. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering incorporating the 21st International Conference on Medical & Biological Engineering & the 15th International Conference on Medical Physics, UK: Springer.
  • Sinclair, P., Davis, G., Smith, R. (2006). Musculo-skeletal modelling of NMES-evoked knee extension in spinal cord injury. Journal of Biomechanics, 39(3), 483-492. [More Information]
  • Michael, J., Smith, R. (2006). Paddle and net kayak forces during on water kayaking with a swivel and traditional fixed seat. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). Prevalence of clinically unsuspected meniscus tears in women with knee osteoarthritis. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Smith, R., Draper, C. (2006). Skill variables discriminate between the elite and sub-elite in coxless pair-oared rowing. XXIV International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2006), Austria: University of Salzburg, Austria.
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). The effect of progressive resistance training (PRT) on cartilage morphology in women with knee osteoarthritis: Design of a randomised controlled trial. NSW Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport 2006, Australia: Sports Medicine Australia NSW.
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Shnier, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). The effect of progressive resistance training (PRT) on cartilage morphology in women with knee osteoarthritis: Design of a randomized controlled trial. The Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences Research Seminars 2005, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Lange, A., Fiatarone Singh, M., Smith, R., Foroughi, N., Baker, M., Shnier, R., Vanwanseele, B. (2006). The effect of progressive resistance training on cartilage morphology in women with knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Research Society International World Congress on Osteoarthritis OARSI 2006, United States: Osteoarthritis Research Society International.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2006). The effects of unilateral grab rail assistance on the sit-to-stand performance of older aged adults. Human Movement Science, 25(2), 257-274. [More Information]
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2006). Three dimensional moments during manually assisted sit to stand of older aged adults measured by a novel 12 channel instrumented grab rail. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).
  • Lee, K., O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R., Halaki, M. (2006). Whole body coordination in balancing a stick. 2nd Australian Association for Exercise and Sport Science Conference, Brisbane: Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science (AAESS).

2005

  • Braz, G., Nightingale, E., Deckers, D., Armstrong, N., Lee, M., Middleton, J., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2005). Closed-loop control of FES standing: How strategies to reduce knee-buckle be improved? 10th Annual Conference of the International FES Society IFESS 2005, Canada: International FES Society.
  • Smith, R., Draper, C. (2005). Controlling yaw in a pair of rowing boat. XXIII International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Beijing: The China Institute of Sport Science.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2005). Differences between grab rail position and orientation during the assisted sit-to-stand for able-bodied older adults. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 21(1), 57-71.
  • Simcox, S., Parker, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Middleton, J. (2005). Performance of orientation sensors for use with a functional electrical stimulation mobility system. Journal of Biomechanics, 38(5), 1185-1190. [More Information]
  • O'Dwyer, N., Yankai, A., Smith, R., Halaki, M. (2005). Whole body kinematics in adult males and females during walking at a range of speeds. 7th Motor Control and Human Skill Conference, Perth, WA: Curtin Univeristy of Technology.

2004

  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Barriskill, A., Middleton, J., Bruinsma, I., Duncan, M., Smith, R. (2004). A portable, 8-channel transcutaneous stimulator for paraplegic muscle training and mobility - A technical note. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 41(1), 41-52.
  • Smith, E., Smith, R., O'Dwyer, N., Torode, M. (2004). Effect of foot conditions on the first MTP joint motion and dynamic MLA motion. 5th Australasian Biomechanics Conference 2004, Australia.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2004). Mechanics And Control Of The Flat Versus Normal Foot During The Stance Phase Of Walking. Clinical Biomechanics, 19(4), 391-397. [More Information]
  • Sinclair, P., Fornusek, C., Davis, G., Smith, R. (2004). The Effect Of Fatigue On The Timing Of Electrical Stimulation-Evoked Muscle Contractions In People With Spinal Cord Injury. Neuromodulation, 7(3), 214-222. [More Information]
  • Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2004). The Effect Of Joint Angle On The Timing Of Muscle Contractions Elicited By Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 12(2), 303-306. [More Information]

2003

  • Kim, I., Smith, R. (2003). A critical analysis of the relationship betwen shoe-hell wear and pedestrian/walkway slip resistance. Symposium on the Metrology of Pedestrian Locomotion and Slip Resistance, USA: ASTM International.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Lee, M. (2003). Control of the flat versus normal foot during walking. International Society for Postural & Gait Research ISPGR 2003, United States: International Society for Postural & Gait Research.
  • Smith, R., Hunt, A., Buchen, P., Poon, S. (2003). Finding the axes of the ankle joint complex. IX International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics ISCSB 2003, Online: International Society of Biomechanics.
  • Hunt, A., Kenny, M., Smith, R. (2003). Free ankle and foot motion during weight bearing. Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport ACSMS 2003, Australia: Elsevier.
  • Simcox, S., Middleton, J., Davis, G., Smith, R., Fisher, B. (2003). Performance of a medial linkage orthosis with fixed knee joints. 8th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society IFESS 2003, United Kingdom: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2003). Variability in ankle joint moments compared between two orthogonal axes systems. 19th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics ISB 2003, Online: International Society of Biomechanics.

2002

  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2002). A case study of the effect of parity on sitting and standing posture during pregnancy. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Barriskill, A. (2002). A portable 8-channel transcutaneous stimulator for paraplegic muscle training and mobility. Third College of Health Sciences Research Conference 2002 : from cell to society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Smith, R., Davis, G., Middleton, J. (2002). Biomechanical in efficiency and high energy costs of orthosis-assisted gait in paraplegia. IMSoP & ASIA 1st Joint Meeting, Canada: American Spinal Injury Association.
  • Smith, R., Loschner, C. (2002). Biomechanics Feedback for Rowing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(10), 783-791.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2002). Centre of mass motion during a grabrail assisted sit-stand-sit cycle. Third College of Health Sciences Research Conference 2002 : from cell to society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • O'Dwyer, N., Rattanaprasert, U., Smith, R. (2002). Coordinative structure in human walking. Twenty second annual meeting, : British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Fisher, W., Smith, R., Middleton, J. (2002). Design of a computer controlled free-knee joint for use with a hybrid orthosis for paraplegic gait. Third College of Health Sciences Research Conference 2002 : from cell to society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Fisher, W., Middleton, J. (2002). Design of a computer free-knee joint for use with a hybrid orthosis for paraplegic gait. Third College of Health Sciences Research Conference 2002 : from cell to society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Gilleard, W., Smith, R., Crosbie, W., Adams, R. (2002). Effect of pregnancy on the kinematics and kinetics of rising to stand from a chair. VIIth International Physiotherapy Congress, Sydney: Australian Physiotherapy Association.
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2002). Effect of pregnancy on trunk range of motion when sitting and standing. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 81(11), 1011-1020.
  • Buck, D., Smith, R. (2002). Evolution of a controller for an FES implant using genetic programming. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2002). Functional handgrip test to determine the coefficient of static friction at the hand/handle interface. Ergonomics, 45(10), 717-731.
  • Sinclair, P., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2002). Incorporation of heterogeneous fibre and sarcomere lengths into the force-length relationship for skeletal muscles. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Smith, R., Attwells, R. (2002). Motion control shoes reduce midfoot range of motion during running. IVth World Congress on Biomechanics, : British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • Smith, R., Loschner, C. (2002). Net power production and performance at different stroke rates and abilities during pair-oar rowing. In Youlian Hong (Eds.), International Research in Sports Biomechanics, (pp. 279-283). United Kingdom: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Smith, R., Middleton, J., Davis, G., Fisher, W. (2002). New Concepts and Measures of Stability for Orthosis-Assisted Gait. 7th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Slovenia: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Smith, R., Draper, C. (2002). Quantitative characteristics of coxless pair-oar rowing. XXth International Symposium on Biomechanic in Sports, Madrid: Universidad de Extremadura.
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2002). Static trunk posture in sitting and standing during pregnancy and early postpartum. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 83(12), 1739-1744.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Buchen, P. (2002). The ankle joint modelled as hinge axes. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Yankai, A., O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R. (2002). The effect of speed of walking on thoracic, lumbar, and pelvic motion in three-dimensional space. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Yankai, A., O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R. (2002). The effect of walking speed on head movement. From Cell to Society 3, Sydney: The College of Health Sciences.
  • Yankai, A., O'Dwyer, N., Smith, R. (2002). The effect of walking speed on thoracic, lumbar and pelvic motion in three-dimensional space. The Fourth Australasian Biomechanics Conference, : British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2002). The effects of grabrail position and orientation on body motion and handle force. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.
  • Smith, R., Attwells, R. (2002). Tibial torsion during heel-toe running barefoot and in shoes. ABC4 Australasian Biomechanics Conference, Melbourne: La Trobe University.

2001

  • Kim, I., Smith, R. (2001). A critical analysis of the friction measure concept for slip resistance evaluation. Symposium on Metrology of Pedestrian Locomotion and Slip Resistance, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2001). A direct and indirect measure of friction between palmer skin and grabrail materials. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Kim, I., Smith, R. (2001). A study for characterising topography changes of shoe surfaces in the early stage of slip resistance measurements-bearing area curve. 6th Pan-Pacific Conference on Occupational Ergonomics, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Buchen, P. (2001). A two axes hinge model for describing function of the loaded ankle joint complex. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Lee, M. (2001). Ankle joint moments during walking in normal and symptomatic males. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Smith, R., Smith, E., O'Dwyer, N. (2001). Coordination of the ankle joint complex during walking. Human Movement Science, 20, 447-460.
  • Gilleard, W., Crosbie, W., Smith, R. (2001). Coronal and transverse plane kinematics and kinetics of sit-to-stand. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Smith, R., van, S. (2001). Does the "no-shooting-the-slide" tasks constraint limit rowing performance. VIII International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Smith, R., Smith, E., O'Dwyer, N. (2001). Effect of gender on kinematics of the ankle joint during walking. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Middleton, J., Parker, S., Fisher, W. (2001). External trunk and limb orientation sensors for human movement. 6th Annual Conference of the International functional electrical stimulation society, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Torode, M. (2001). Extrinsic muscle activity, foot motion and ankle joint moments during the stance phase of walking. Foot and Ankle International, 22, 31-41.
  • Attwells, R., Smith, R. (2001). Influence of motion control shoes on normal and overpronator foot motion during running. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R., Torode, M., Keenan,, A. (2001). Inter-segment foot motion and ground reaction forces over the stance phase of walking. Clinical Biomechanics, 16, 592-600.
  • Hunt, A., Smith, R. (2001). Interpretation of ankle joint moments during the stance phase of walking: A comparison of two orthogonal axes systems. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 17, 173-180.
  • Du Toit, V., Smith, R. (2001). Kinetics of the lower extremity in aerobic dance. Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, : Ads & Adea.
  • Kim, I., Smith, R., Nagata,, H. (2001). Microscopic observations of the progressive wear on shoe surfaces that affect the slip resistance characteristics. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 28, 17-29.
  • O'Dwyer, N., Smith, E., Smith, R. (2001). Quantification of coordination in human walking. In Gantchev, N (Eds.), From Basic Motor Control to Functional Recovery II, (pp. 107-119). Sofia, Bulgaria: Academic Press Elsevier.
  • O'Meara, D., Smith, R. (2001). Static friction properties between human palmar skin and five grabrail materials. Ergonomics, 44, 973-988.
  • Du Toit, V., Smith, R. (2001). Survey of the effects of aerobic dance on the lower extremity in aerobic instructors. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 91, 528-532.
  • Smith, R., Loschner, C. (2001). The influence of seat velocity on single scull velocity during the recovery phase. 18th Congress of the ISB International Society of Biomechanics, : World Scientific Publishing.
  • Loschner, C., Smith, R., Mattes,, K. (2001). The influence of transverse pin forces on boat acceleration in rowing. 18th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Kim, I., Smith, R. (2001). Three-dimensional analysis of floor surface wear during slip resistance measurements. 6th Pan-Pacific Conference on Occupational Ergonomics, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.

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