Professor Ross Sanders

Dip. Teach. (W'gong CAE,1976); Dip. Health & Phys.Ed (W'gong Inst.of Ed,1981); BEd (Newcastle CAE,1984); M Qual. (UQ,1985); PhD (UQ,1991)
Professor and Head of Discipline, Exercise and Sport Science

C43K - K Block Cumberland Campus
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 9067
Fax +61 2 93519204

Website Biomechanics Research Team
Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science
Motor Control & Skill Acquisition Research Group

Biographical details

Professor Sanders was appointed as Professor and Head of the Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science in May, 2013. From 2000 to 2013 he was a full professor as Chair Sport Science at The University of Edinburgh where he founded the Centre for Aquatics Research and Education (CARE) in 2001 and directed the Centre until taking up the current position.

Professor Sanders’ research interests include motor control and skill acquisition to maximize participation in physical activity as well as to improve performance. He is building a productive research team of PhD students and collaborating scientists including those within the University of Sydney and compatible international research units.

Research interests

  • Development of rhythm and skill in movement from human performance and rehabilitation perspectives
  • Analysis of aquatic locomotion from the perspectives of skill learning, elite performance, and rehabilitation/exercise
  • Anthropometry: Applications of quantifying the physical properties of body segments to address research questions relating to cardiovascular health, obesity, and sports performance.

Ross is a member of the Motor Control & Skill Acquisition Research Group research team.

Current research students

Project title Research student
Injury Prevention for Soccer Players Wesam AL ATTAR
Movement Characteristics of Elite Swimmers: Guidelines for Strength Training Jordan ANDERSEN
The use of progressive resistance exercise, functional training and electromyographic biofeedback to increase motor function in adults with cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial Ben ARMSTRONG
Strength training for improved performance in athletes with cerebral palsy: effects on strength, power, motor control and body composition Jennifer FLEETON
Strength training for improved performance in athletes with cerebral palsy: effects on strength, power, motor control and body composition Jennifer FLEETON
The effectiveness of fundamental movement skills intervention programme on motor coordination of manipulative skills Allan FU
The Effect of Competition Specific Auditory Stimulus Dive Training on Swimming Start Reaction Time: A Randomised Controlled Trial Chris PAPIC
Foundation Movements: An intervention to help reduce overweight and obesity whilst improving motor skills and assisting physical activity participation in the primary years. Claire TOMPSETT

Current projects

  • Correcting asymmetries to improve performance and reduce injuries in British swimmers. SportScotland.

Themes

Exercise, Health and Performance

Selected grants

2010

  • Correcting asymmetries to improve performance and reduce injuries in British swimmers; Sanders R; SportScotland/Research Grant.

2008

  • Improving quality and cost effectiveness of Scandinavian swimming teacher education using advanced on-line and audio-visual technologies; Sanders R, Gudmundsson H, Madsen L; Leonardo da Vinci Programm/Transfer of Innovation Scheme.

2007

  • Principal’s e-learning fund for development of infrastructure for delivery of CPD via the world wide web; Sanders R.
  • Enhancing swim performance by optimising glide efficiency and time of initiating post-glide actions; Sanders R; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)/UK Sport Performance Enhancement through Technology Fund.

2003

  • Learn to swim research; Sanders R; Swimming Nature Limited/Research Grant.

2002

  • SHEFC pump priming grant for development of CPD modules; Sanders R; Scottish Higher Education Funding Council/Pump Priming Grant.

1998

  • Feedback on timing and technique for New Zealand Divers; Sanders R; Sports Science New Zealand/Research Grant.

1996

  • The 'rhythm method' for improving coordination; Sanders R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.

1995

  • Shoulder impingement injuries; Sanders R, Pease D, Gerrard D; University of Otago (NZ)/Research Grant.
  • Three-dimensional analysis of the water polo eggbeater kick; Sanders R; Sports Science and Technology Board/Research Grant.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Book Chapters

  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C. (2015). Butterfly Technique. In Scott Riewald, Scott Rodeo (Eds.), Science of Swimming Faster, (pp. 87-96). Champaign: Human Kinetics.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C. (2015). Freestyle Technique. In Scott Riewald, Scott Rodeo (Eds.), Science of Swimming Faster, (pp. 23-50). Champaign: Human Kinetics.
  • Payton, C., Sanders, R. (2011). Bodyroll in Front Crawl Swimming. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 173-189). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Seifert, L., Leblanc, H., Chollet, D., Sanders, R., Persyn, U. (2011). Breaststroke Kinematics. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 135-151). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). Rhythms in Butterfly Swimming. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 191-201). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., McCabe, C., Machtsiras, G. (2008). Swimming. In Youlian Hong, Roger Bartlett (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Biomechanics and Human Movement in Science, (pp. 323-339). London: Routledge.
  • Sanders, R. (2004). Biomechanical Analyses in Physical Education. In Jan Wright, Doune MacDonald and Lisette Burrows (Eds.), Critical inquiry and problem-solving in physical education, (pp. 159-170). New York: Routledge.
  • Sanders, R., Takagi, H. (2002). Measurement of propulsion by the hand during competitive swimming. In S. Ujihashi, S. J. Haake (Eds.), The Engineering of Sport 4, (pp. 631-637). Oxford, UK: Staempfli Publishers Ltd.
  • Sanders, R., Baker, J. (1998). Evolution of technique in flatwater kayaking. In Vladimir Issurin (Eds.), Science and Practice of Canoe/kayak High-performance Training, (pp. 67-81). Israel: Elite Sport Department of Israel.

Journals

  • Oliveira, N., Sanders, R. (2017). Effects of knee action phase and fatigue on Rectus Femoris and Biceps Femoris co-activation during the eggbeater kick. Human Movement Science, 51(January 2017), 82-90. [More Information]
  • Tompsett, C., Sanders, R., Taylor, C., Cobley, S. (2017). Pedagogical Approaches to and Effects of Fundamental Movement Skill Interventions on Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine, Article in press. [More Information]
  • Declerck, M., Verheul, M., Daly, D., Sanders, R. (2016). Benefits and Enjoyment of a Swimming Intervention for Youth With Cerebral Palsy: An RCT Study. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 28(2), 162-169. [More Information]
  • Chiu, C., Pease, D., Sanders, R. (2016). Effect of different standing poses on whole body volume acquisition by three-dimensional photonic scanning. IET Science, Measurement & Technology, 10(6), 553-556. [More Information]
  • Al Attar, W., Soomro, N., Sinclair, P., Pappas, E., Sanders, R. (2016). Effect of Injury Prevention Programs that Include the Nordic Hamstring Exercise on Hamstring Injury Rates in Soccer Players:A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 2016. [More Information]
  • Al Attar, W., Soomro, N., Pappas, E., Sinclair, P., Sanders, R. (2016). How effective are F-MARC injury prevention programs for soccer players? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 46(2), 205-217. [More Information]
  • Fu, A., Cobley, S., Sanders, R. (2016). Motor Coordination Training and Pedagogical Approach for Combating Childhood Obesity. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2016 (4), 1-12. [More Information]
  • Takagi, H., Nakashima, M., Sato, Y., Matsuuchi, K., Sanders, R. (2016). Numerical and experimental investigations of human swimming motions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(16), 1564-1580. [More Information]
  • Rankin, J., Matthews, L., Cobley, S., Han, A., Sanders, R., Wiltshire, H., Baker, J. (2016). Psychological consequences of childhood obesity: psychiatric comorbidity and prevention. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, 2016 (7), 1-22.
  • Higgs, A., Pease, D., Sanders, R. (2016). Relationships between kinematics and undulatory underwater swimming performance. Journal of Sports Sciences, Article In Press. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Gonjo, T., McCabe, C. (2016). Reliability of three-dimensional angular kinematics and kinetics of swimming derived from digitized video. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 15(1), 158-166.
  • Al Attar, W., Soomro, N., Pappas, E., Sinclair, P., Sanders, R. (2016). Reply to Thorborg et al.: High Risk of Bias and Low Transparency in "How Effective are F-MARC Injury Prevention Programs for Soccer Players? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis". Sports Medicine, 46(2), 295-296. [More Information]
  • Oliveira, N., Saunders, D., Sanders, R. (2016). The effect of fatigue-induced changes in eggbeater-kick kinematics on performance and risk of injury. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11(1), 141-145. [More Information]
  • de Jesus, K., Sanders, R., de Jesus, K., Ribeiro, J., Figueiredo, P., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R. (2016). The effect of intensity on three-dimensional kinematics and coordination in front crawl swimming. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11(6), 768-775. [More Information]
  • Chiu, C., Pease, D., Sanders, R. (2016). The effect of pose variability and repeated reliability of segmental centres of mass acquisition when using 3D photonic scanning. Ergonomics, 59(12), 1673-1678. [More Information]
  • Soomro, N., Sanders, R., Hackett, D., Hubka, T., Ebrahimi, S., Freeston, J., Cobley, S. (2016). The Efficacy of Injury Prevention Programs in Adolescent Team Sports: A Meta-analysis. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(9), 2415-2424. [More Information]
  • Connaboy, C., Naemi, R., Brown, S., Psycharakisc, S., McCabe, C., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2016). The key kinematic determinants of undulatory underwater swimming at maximal velocity. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(11), 1036-1043. [More Information]
  • Chiu, C., Pease, D., Fawkner, S., Sanders, R. (2016). Validation of Body Volume Acquisition by Using Elliptical Zone Method. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(14), 1117-1123. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Fairweather, M., Alcock, A., McCabe, C. (2015). An approach to identifying the effect of technique asymmetries on body alignment in swimming exemplified by a case study of a breaststroke swimmer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(2), 304-314. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Han, A., Baker, J., Cobley, S. (2015). Childhood obesity and its physical and psychological co-morbidities: A systematic review of Australian children and adolescents. European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(6), 715-746. [More Information]
  • Gomes, B., Conceicao, F., Pendergast, D., Sanders, R., Vaz, M., Vilas-Boas, J. (2015). Is passive drag dependent on the interaction of kayak design and paddler weight in flat-water kayaking? Sports Biomechanics, 14(4), 394-403. [More Information]
  • Oliveira, N., Sanders, R. (2015). Kinematic and kinetic evidence for functional lateralization in a symmetrical motor task: the water polo eggbeater kick. Experimental Brain Research, 233(3), 947-957. [More Information]
  • Oliveira, N., Chiu, C., Sanders, R. (2015). Kinematic patterns associated with the vertical force produced during the eggbeater kick. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(16), 1675-1681. [More Information]
  • Gomes, B., Ramos, N., Conceicao, F., Sanders, R., Vaz, M., Vilas-Boas, J. (2015). Paddling Force Profiles at Different Stroke Rates in Elite Sprint Kayaking. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 31(4), 258-263. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Chiu, C., Gonjo, T., Throw, J., Oliveira, N., Psycharakis, S., Payton, C., McCabe, C. (2015). Reliability of the elliptical zone method of estimating body segment parameters for swimmers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(1), 215-224.
  • Sanders, R., Gonjo, T., McCabe, C. (2015). Reliability of Three-Dimensional Linear Kinematics and Kinetics of Swimming Derived from Digitized Video at 25 and 50 Hz with 10 and 5 Frame Extensions to the 4th Order Butterworth Smoothing Window. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(2), 441-451.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S. (2015). Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing and non-breathing conditions in front crawl sprint swimming. Journal of Biomechanics, 48(15), 3995-4001. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Sanders, R., Payton, C. (2014). Changes in force production and stroke parameters of trained able-bodied and unilateral arm-amputee female swimmers during a 30 s tethered front-crawl swim. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(18), 1704-1711. [More Information]
  • Cotterill, S., Collins, D., Sanders, R. (2014). Developing effective pre-performance routines for golf performance: Implications for the coach. Athletic Insight, 6(1), 53-64. [More Information]
  • Komar, J., Sanders, R., Chollet, D., Seifert, L. (2014). Do qualitative changes in inter-limb coordination lead to effectiveness of aquatic locomotion rather than efficiency? Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 30(2), 189-196. [More Information]
  • de Jesus, K., de Jesus, K., Fernandes, R., Vilas-Boas, J., Sanders, R. (2014). The backstroke swimming start: State of the art. Journal of Human Kinetics, 42(1), 27-40. [More Information]
  • Takagi, H., Shimada, S., Miwa, T., Kudo, S., Sanders, R., Matsuuchi, K. (2014). Unsteady hydrodynamic forces acting on a hand and its flow field during sculling motion. Human Movement Science, 38, 133-142. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (2013). How do asymmetries affect swimming performance? Journal of Swimming Research, 21(1).
  • Figueiredo, P., Sanders, R., Gorski, T., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R. (2013). Kinematic and electromyographic changes during 200m front crawl at race pace. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(1), 49-55. [More Information]
  • Thow, J., Naemi, R., Sanders, R. (2012). Comparison of modes of feedback on glide performance in swimming. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(1), 43-52. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Thow, J., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M., Riach, I., Mather, F. (2012). How can asymmetries in swimming be identified and measured? Journal of Swimming Research, 19(1), 1-15.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2012). Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at a distance pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(6), 601-608. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Psycharakis, S., McCabe, C., Connaboy, C., Sanders, R. (2012). Relationships between glide efficiency and swimmers' size and shape characteristics. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(5), 400-411.
  • Gomes, B., Viriato, N., Sanders, R., Conceicao, F., Vaz, M., Vilas-Boas, J. (2011). Analysis Of Single And Team Kayak Acceleration. Revista Portuguesa de Ciencias do Desporto, 11(Supp 2), 259-262.
  • Sanders, R., Thow, J., Fairweather, M. (2011). Asymmetries in swimming: Where do they come from? Journal of Swimming Research, 18, 1-11.
  • McCabe, C., Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2011). Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at a sprint pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(2), 115-123. [More Information]
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2010). Body roll in swimming: A review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(3), 229-236. [More Information]
  • Cotterill, S., Sanders, R., Collins, D. (2010). Developing effective pre-performance routines in Golf: Why don't we ask the golfer? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(1), 51-64. [More Information]
  • Seifert, L., Chollet, D., Sanders, R. (2010). Does Breathing Disturb Coordination in Butterfly? International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(3), 167-173. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Easson, W., Sanders, R. (2010). Hydrodynamic glide efficiency in swimming. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(4), 444-451. [More Information]
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Moir, G., Sanders, R. (2010). Measures of reliability in the kinematics of maximal undulatory underwater swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(4), 762-770. [More Information]
  • Cotterill, S., Sanders, R., Collins, D. (2010). Representative experimental design issues in observing golfer pre-performance routine behaviour. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41(4), 403-415.
  • Sanders, R., Dunn, J. (2010). The Bologna Accord: A Model of Cooperation and Coordination. Quest (Champaign), 62(1), 92-105.
  • Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., Connaboy, C., McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2010). Three-dimensional analysis of intracycle velocity fluctuations in front crawl swimming. Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine and Science In Sports, 20(1), 128-135. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Li, S., Hamill, J. (2009). Adjustment to change in familiar and unfamiliar task constraints. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(6), 651-659. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009). Are Sprint and Distance Freestyle Swimmers Technically Different? Unknown, , 1-8.
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2009). Hydrodynamics of undulatory underwater swimming: A review. Sports Biomechanics, 8(4), 360-380. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S. (2009). Rolling rhythms in front crawl swimmming with six-beat kick. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(3), 273-279. [More Information]
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2009). Validity of the use of a fixed point for intracycle velocity calculations in swimming. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(2), 262-265. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Sanders, R. (2008). A "hydrokinematic" method of measuring the glide efficiency of a human swimmer. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 130(6), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2008). Shoulder and hip roll changes during 200m front crawl swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(12), 2129-2136. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (2007). Kinematics, coordination, variability, and biological noise in the prone flutter kick at different levels of a "learn-to-swim" programme. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(2), 213-227. [More Information]
  • Moir, G., Sanders, R., Button, C., Glaister, M. (2007). The effect of periodized resistance training on accelerative sprint performance. Sports Biomechanics, 6(3), 285-300. [More Information]
  • Burnett, A., Naumann, F., Price, R., Sanders, R. (2005). A comparison of training methods to increase neck muscle strength. Work, 25(3), 205-210.
  • Sanders, R., Sanders, L. (2005). Biomechanics teachers can be animals. Sports Biomechanics, 4(2), 245-268. [More Information]
  • Moir, G., Sanders, R., Button, C., Glaister, M. (2005). The Influence of Familiarization on the Reliability of Force Variables Measured During Unloaded and Loaded Verticle Jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 140-145.
  • Sanders, R., Burnett, A. (2004). Technique and timing in women's and men's reverse one and one half somersault with two and one half twists (5335D) and men's reverse one and one half somersault with three and one half twists (5337D) 3 m springboard dives. Sports Biomechanics, 3(1), 29-41.
  • Button, C., MacLeod, M., Sanders, R., Coleman, S. (2003). Examining movement variability in the basketball free-throw action at different skill levels. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74(3), 257-269.
  • Sanders, R., Button, C. (2003). Is a sporting background a help or hindrance when learning the golf swing? Leistungssport, 33(3), 33-39.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2003). Technique and timing in the women's backward two and one half somersault tuck (205C). Sports Biomechanics, 2(1), 73-84.
  • Sanders, R., Burnett, A. (2003). Technique and timing in the women's inward two and one half somersault tuck. Sports Biomechanics, 2(2), 251-265.
  • Stone, M., Moir, G., Glaister, M., Sanders, R. (2002). How much strength is necessary? Physical Therapy in Sport, 3, 88-96. [More Information]
  • Shahbazi Moghaddem, M., Sanders, R. (2002). Kinematical approaches for hydrodynamic force assessments. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(9), 895-902. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B., Prassas, S. (2002). Technique and timing in the women's reverse two and one half somersault tuck (305C) and the men's reverse two and one half somersault pike (305B) 3m springboard dives. Sports Biomechanics, 1(2), 193-212.
  • Malone, L., Sanders, R., Schiltz, J., Steadword, R. (2001). Effects of visual impairment on stroke parameters in Paralympic swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(12), 2098-2103.
  • Takagi, H., Sanders, R. (2000). Hydrodynamics makes a splash. Physics World, 13(9), 39-44.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2000). Technique and timing in the women's firward two and one half somersault pike and men's three and one half somersault pike 3m springboard dives. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3(4), 434-448.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2000). Technique and timing in the womens forward two and one half somersault pike and mens three and one half somersault pike 3m springboard dives. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3(4), 434-448.
  • Sanders, R. (1999). A model of kinematic variables determining height achieved in water polo 'boosts'. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15(3), 270-283. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (1999). Analysis of the eggbeater kick used to maintain height in water polo. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15(3), 284-291.
  • Sanders, R. (1999). Hydrodynamic characteristics of a swimmer's hand. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15(1), 3-26.
  • Mackie, H., Sanders, R., Legg, S. (1999). The physical demands of Olympic yacht racing. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2(4), 375-388.
  • Sanders, R. (1999). Timing in the forward one and one half somersault with one twist 3m springboard dive. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2(1), 57-66.
  • Sanders, R. (1998). Lift or drag? Let's get skeptical about freestyle propulsion. Sportscience, May-June 1998.
  • Sanders, R., Cappaert, J., Pease, D. (1998). Wave characteristics of Olympic breaststroke swimmers. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 14(1), 40-51.
  • Sanders, R. (1995). Can skilled performers readily change technique? Human Movement Science, 14(6), 665-679. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (1995). Can skilled performers readily change technique? An example, conventional to wave action breaststroke. Human Movement Science, 14(6), 665-679. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (1995). Effect of ability on twisting techniques in forward somersaults on the trampoline. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 11(3), 267-287.
  • Sanders, R. (1995). Using biomechanics to understand and improve techniques in surf life saving. Journal of Physical Education New Zealand, 28(3), 13-17.
  • Sanders, R., Cappaert, J., Devlin, R. (1995). Wave Characteristics of butterfly swimming. Journal of Biomechanics, 28(1), 9-6. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Allen, J. (1993). Changes in net joint torques during accommodation to change in surface compliance in a drop jumping task. Human Movement Science, 12, 299-326. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., McClymont, D., Howick, I., Kavalieris, L. (1993). Comparison of static and counter movement jumps across a range of movement amplitudes. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25(1), 3-6.
  • Sanders, R., Kendal, S. (1992). A description of Olympic flatwater kayak stroke technique. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 24(1), 25-30.
  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B. (1992). Comparison of static and counter movement jumps of unconstrained movement amplitude. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 24(3), 79-85.
  • Sanders, R., Owens, P. (1992). Hub movement during the swing of elite and novice golfers. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics (United States), 8, 320-330.
  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B. (1992). Modification of movement patterns to accommodate to a change in surface compliance in a drop jumping task. Human Movement Science, 11(5), 593-614. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Kendal, S. (1992). Technique of elite flatwater kayak paddlers using the wing paddle. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics (United States), 8(3), 233-250.
  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B., Jensen, R. (1991). Accuracy of derived ground reaction force curves for a rigid link human body model. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics (United States), 7(4), 330-343. [More Information]
  • Taylor, N., Sanders, R., Howick, I., Stanley, S. (1991). Static and dynamic assessment of the Biodex dynamometer. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 62, 180-188. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B. (1988). Factors contributing to maximum height of dives after takeoff from the 3m springboard. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 4(3), 231-259. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B. (1987). Angular momentum requirements of twisting and non-twisting springboard dives. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics (United States), 3(1), 47-62.

Conferences

  • Sanders, R., Takagi, H. (2016). New research approaches are unravelling the mystery of propulsive mechanisma in swimming. 34th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2016), Tsukuba, Japan: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Higgs, A., Pease, D., Sanders, R. (2015). Kinematic differences between upkick and downkick in undulatory underwater swimming. 33rd International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2015), Poitiers, France: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Walker, C., Sinclair, P., Cobley, S., Sanders, R., Graham, K. (2014). A comparison of multiple forward somersault dives from the 3m springboard: A case study. 32nd Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS), Johnson City, TN, USA: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Oliveira, N., Sanders, R. (2014). A method to calculate the vertical force produced during the eggbeater kick. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Chiu, C., Sanders, R. (2014). Adjustments to elliptical zone software for acquiring body segment parameters automatically. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C. (2014). Asymmetries produce yaw in breaststroke. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Gonjo, T., McCabe, C., Coleman, S., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R., Sanders, R. (2014). Does back crawl require greater energy expenditure than front crawl at equivalent sub-anaerobic threshold speed? 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Connaboy, C., Moir, G., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2014). Effects of imposed cycle frequency training on the heave and pitch phase relationships in undulatory underwater swimming. 32nd Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS), Johnson City, TN, USA: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Soomro, N., Cobley, S., Hackett, D., Freeston, J., Hubka, T., Ibrahimi, O., Sanders, R. (2014). Efficacy of injury prevention programs in adolescent sports: A Systematic Review. Sport Medicine Australia (SMA), Sydney, Australia.
  • Connaboy, C., Moir, G., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2014). Gender differences in heave and pitch phase relationships in maximal undulatory underwater swimming. American College of Sports Medicine 61st Annual Meeting, USA.
  • Machtsiras, G., Valluri, P., Sanders, R. (2014). The effect of full body swimsuits on swimmers’ morphology and glide performance. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • McCabe, C., Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2014). Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing and non-breathing conditions in front crawl sprint swimming. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Sanders, R. (2013). A team approach to performance enhancement in swimming. 31st International Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sport, Applied session on Swimming, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C., Alcock, A., Wright, L., Donald, N., Riach, I., Fairweather, M. (2013). Case studies of asymmetries in swimming. 31st International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2013), Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.
  • Declerck, M., Verheul, W., Daly, D., Sanders, R. (2013). Swimming for youth with Cerebral Palsy: A randomized controlled trial. European Conference on Evidence Based Aquatic Therapy, Izmir, Turkey.
  • Machtsiras, G., Sanders, R. (2012). A comparison of the elliptical zone and 3D scanning methods of calculating swimmers’ body segment volumes. Annual conference of the European College of Sport Science, Bruges, Belgium.
  • Sanders, R., Sanders, F., Currie, K. (2012). A cost effective CPD pathway to bespoke postgraduate academic qualifications for sports practitioners. 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: Australian Catholic University.
  • Fairweather, M., Alcock, A., Sanders, R. (2012). Benchmarking and monitoring the performance influence of skill acquisition interventions. ICSEMIS Conference, Scotland.
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2012). Gender differences in heave and pitch phase relationships in maximal undulatory underwater swimming (UUS). American College of Sports Medicine. Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.
  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M. (2012). Is correction of asymmetries important in swimming? FINA World Medicine Conference.
  • Sanders, R. (2012). Rock and roll rhythms in human movement (Invited lecture). Approaches to Rhythm and Timing in Scotland Today (ARTiST) Conference, Scotland.
  • Declerck, M., Verheul, M., Sanders, R. (2012). Swimming and the physical, social and emotional wellbeing of youth with Cerebral Palsy. Bright SPARCS (Scottish Physical Activity and Research Conference for PhD Students), Edinburgh, UK.
  • Declerck, M., Daly, D., Verheul, M., Sanders, R. (2012). Swimming to break the vicious cycle of deconditioning in youth with Cerebral Palsy, Pisa, Italy. 4th International Cerebral Palsy Conference, Pisa, Italy.
  • Declerck, M., Daly, D., Verheul, M., Sanders, R. (2012). The effectiveness of swimming for breaking the vicious cycle of deconditioning in Cerebral Palsy. North American Federation of Adapted Physical Activity Conference, Birmingham, Alabama.
  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Donald, N., Riach, I., Wright, L., Fairweather, M. (2012). The swimming asymmetry puzzle: Putting the pieces together. (Invited address). Sports Science Conference, Turkey.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C., Machtsiras, G., Thow, J., Einarsson, I. (2011). Better times: Monitoring performance in swimming. 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Sciences, Liverpool, UK: European College of Sport Sciences.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). From technical foundations to increased efficiency in swimming. 29th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Porto, Portugal: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). How can scientists help swimmers and coaches imrpove performance? (Keynote address). Conference of the Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Covilhã, Portugal.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). Swimming (Keynote address). German NPC 60th Birthday Satellite Conference on Sport Science, Berlin, Germany.
  • Sanders, R. (2010). Invited Lecture: Biomechanics feedback in swimming. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, USA: Northern Michigan University.
  • Sanders, R. (2009). Green swimming: Getting into the energy saving rhythm. The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009). Sprint and distance swimmers: The same animal? The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Sanders, R. (2009). The Bologna Accord - A model of Cooperation and Coordination. C. Lynn Vendien International Lecture. 2009 Conference of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education.
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., McCabe, C. (2008). Advancing swimming science with CARE. 5th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology 2008 - Kinesiology Research Trends and Applications, Zagreb: Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). Deriving three-dimensional forces and torques in swimming. 13th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science ECSS 2008, France: European College of Sports Science.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). Rhythms in swimming: New info for coaches. LEN European Aquatics Swimming Coaches Clinic - European Swimming Championships '08.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). Skilled movement represented as low frequency travelling sinusoidal waves (Invited lecture). Functional, Algorithmic and Implementation Aspects of Motor Control and Learning, Liverpool, UK.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). The role of three-dimensional analysis in enhancing performance in swimming (Invited lecture). 16th FINA World Sports Medicine Congress, Manchester, United Kingdom.
  • Sanders, R. (2007). Rock and roll rhythms in swimming. TheGeoffrey Dyson Lecture 2007 (Keynote address). XXV International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Ouro Preto, Brazil: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Sanders, R. (2006). Analysis of swimming technique: State of the art; applications and implications (Invited lecture). Xth International Symposium Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Porto, Portugal.
  • Sanders, R. (2006). Enhancing communication and information sharing. UK Sport High Performance Seminar Programme (Invited lecture).
  • Sanders, R. (2005). Got the Rhythm? (Keynote address). Exercise and Sport Science Association of Ireland Annual Conference, Limerick, Ireland.
  • Sanders, R. (2004). Findings of the CARE research program: Implications for swimming teachers (Keynote address and workshop). Scandinavian Swimming Teachers Conference.
  • Sanders, R. (2003). Perfecting technique (Keynote address and workshop). Swedish Swimming Federation, Annual Coaches Conference.
  • Sanders, R. (2002). Swimming Research and Education at the Centre for Aquatics Research and Education (Keynote address). Japan Conference of Swimming.
  • Sanders, R. (2001). Applying Biomechanics: What can and should be analysed in your sport? (Invited lecture). World Class Coaching Conference. British Olympic Association and UKSI.
  • Sanders, R. (2001). Applying mechanical concepts to improve mid-pool swimming (Invited Lecture). XXIV Congresso Tecnico-Cientifico da Associacao Portuguesa de Tecnicos de Natacao.
  • Sanders, R. (2001). What we can learn and use from the latest swimming science research on starts and turns (Invited lecture). XXIV Congresso Tecnico-Cientifico da Associacao Portuguesa de Tecnicos de Natacao.
  • Sanders, R. (2000). Beyond race analysis. XVIII International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Hong Kong: Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Report

  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M. (2012). Asymmetry Project: Report to Sprtscotland and Scottish Swimming: Phase 1 Testing.
  • Machtsiras, G., Sanders, R. (2010). Report to Waterford Swimming Club.
  • Sanders, R., Naemi, R., Goodwill, S., Haake, S. (2008). Report to EPSRC and UKSport on the funded development of 'Glide Coach'.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2007). Report to Nth Ireland Commonwealth Games Squad: Poolside video analysis of swimming technique.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2006). Poolside video Analysis of technique.
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., McCabe, C., Naemi, R., Li, S. (2005). Report to Nth Ireland Commonwealth Games Squad: Poolside video analysis of swimming technique.
  • Sanders, R. (2005). Report to Nth Lanarkshire. Poolside video analysis of technique.
  • Myers, K., Sanders, R. (2004). Skill Development in Backstroke Kicking: Implications for Instructors.
  • Myers, K., Sanders, R. (2004). Skill Development in Freestyle Kicking: Implications for Instructors.
  • Sanders, R., Bruce, D., Ferrier, B. (2003). Report to British IM during squad camp.
  • Sanders, R., Bruce, D., Ferrier, B. (2002). Quantitive feedback on starts. British Individual Medley Squad.
  • Sanders, R. (2001). Biomechanical Analysis: Confidential Report for Scottish Institute of Sport Swimming.
  • Sanders, R., Ferrier, B., Li, S. (2001). Quanative feedback on Timing and Technique in Diving: FINA Grand Prix Manchester.

Other

  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009), Are sprint and distance swimmers technically Different.

2017

  • Oliveira, N., Sanders, R. (2017). Effects of knee action phase and fatigue on Rectus Femoris and Biceps Femoris co-activation during the eggbeater kick. Human Movement Science, 51(January 2017), 82-90. [More Information]
  • Tompsett, C., Sanders, R., Taylor, C., Cobley, S. (2017). Pedagogical Approaches to and Effects of Fundamental Movement Skill Interventions on Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine, Article in press. [More Information]

2016

  • Declerck, M., Verheul, M., Daly, D., Sanders, R. (2016). Benefits and Enjoyment of a Swimming Intervention for Youth With Cerebral Palsy: An RCT Study. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 28(2), 162-169. [More Information]
  • Chiu, C., Pease, D., Sanders, R. (2016). Effect of different standing poses on whole body volume acquisition by three-dimensional photonic scanning. IET Science, Measurement & Technology, 10(6), 553-556. [More Information]
  • Al Attar, W., Soomro, N., Sinclair, P., Pappas, E., Sanders, R. (2016). Effect of Injury Prevention Programs that Include the Nordic Hamstring Exercise on Hamstring Injury Rates in Soccer Players:A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 2016. [More Information]
  • Al Attar, W., Soomro, N., Pappas, E., Sinclair, P., Sanders, R. (2016). How effective are F-MARC injury prevention programs for soccer players? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 46(2), 205-217. [More Information]
  • Fu, A., Cobley, S., Sanders, R. (2016). Motor Coordination Training and Pedagogical Approach for Combating Childhood Obesity. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2016 (4), 1-12. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Takagi, H. (2016). New research approaches are unravelling the mystery of propulsive mechanisma in swimming. 34th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2016), Tsukuba, Japan: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Takagi, H., Nakashima, M., Sato, Y., Matsuuchi, K., Sanders, R. (2016). Numerical and experimental investigations of human swimming motions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(16), 1564-1580. [More Information]
  • Rankin, J., Matthews, L., Cobley, S., Han, A., Sanders, R., Wiltshire, H., Baker, J. (2016). Psychological consequences of childhood obesity: psychiatric comorbidity and prevention. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, 2016 (7), 1-22.
  • Higgs, A., Pease, D., Sanders, R. (2016). Relationships between kinematics and undulatory underwater swimming performance. Journal of Sports Sciences, Article In Press. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Gonjo, T., McCabe, C. (2016). Reliability of three-dimensional angular kinematics and kinetics of swimming derived from digitized video. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 15(1), 158-166.
  • Al Attar, W., Soomro, N., Pappas, E., Sinclair, P., Sanders, R. (2016). Reply to Thorborg et al.: High Risk of Bias and Low Transparency in "How Effective are F-MARC Injury Prevention Programs for Soccer Players? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis". Sports Medicine, 46(2), 295-296. [More Information]
  • Oliveira, N., Saunders, D., Sanders, R. (2016). The effect of fatigue-induced changes in eggbeater-kick kinematics on performance and risk of injury. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11(1), 141-145. [More Information]
  • de Jesus, K., Sanders, R., de Jesus, K., Ribeiro, J., Figueiredo, P., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R. (2016). The effect of intensity on three-dimensional kinematics and coordination in front crawl swimming. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11(6), 768-775. [More Information]
  • Chiu, C., Pease, D., Sanders, R. (2016). The effect of pose variability and repeated reliability of segmental centres of mass acquisition when using 3D photonic scanning. Ergonomics, 59(12), 1673-1678. [More Information]
  • Soomro, N., Sanders, R., Hackett, D., Hubka, T., Ebrahimi, S., Freeston, J., Cobley, S. (2016). The Efficacy of Injury Prevention Programs in Adolescent Team Sports: A Meta-analysis. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(9), 2415-2424. [More Information]
  • Connaboy, C., Naemi, R., Brown, S., Psycharakisc, S., McCabe, C., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2016). The key kinematic determinants of undulatory underwater swimming at maximal velocity. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(11), 1036-1043. [More Information]
  • Chiu, C., Pease, D., Fawkner, S., Sanders, R. (2016). Validation of Body Volume Acquisition by Using Elliptical Zone Method. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(14), 1117-1123. [More Information]

2015

  • Sanders, R., Fairweather, M., Alcock, A., McCabe, C. (2015). An approach to identifying the effect of technique asymmetries on body alignment in swimming exemplified by a case study of a breaststroke swimmer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(2), 304-314. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C. (2015). Butterfly Technique. In Scott Riewald, Scott Rodeo (Eds.), Science of Swimming Faster, (pp. 87-96). Champaign: Human Kinetics.
  • Sanders, R., Han, A., Baker, J., Cobley, S. (2015). Childhood obesity and its physical and psychological co-morbidities: A systematic review of Australian children and adolescents. European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(6), 715-746. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C. (2015). Freestyle Technique. In Scott Riewald, Scott Rodeo (Eds.), Science of Swimming Faster, (pp. 23-50). Champaign: Human Kinetics.
  • Gomes, B., Conceicao, F., Pendergast, D., Sanders, R., Vaz, M., Vilas-Boas, J. (2015). Is passive drag dependent on the interaction of kayak design and paddler weight in flat-water kayaking? Sports Biomechanics, 14(4), 394-403. [More Information]
  • Oliveira, N., Sanders, R. (2015). Kinematic and kinetic evidence for functional lateralization in a symmetrical motor task: the water polo eggbeater kick. Experimental Brain Research, 233(3), 947-957. [More Information]
  • Higgs, A., Pease, D., Sanders, R. (2015). Kinematic differences between upkick and downkick in undulatory underwater swimming. 33rd International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2015), Poitiers, France: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Oliveira, N., Chiu, C., Sanders, R. (2015). Kinematic patterns associated with the vertical force produced during the eggbeater kick. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(16), 1675-1681. [More Information]
  • Gomes, B., Ramos, N., Conceicao, F., Sanders, R., Vaz, M., Vilas-Boas, J. (2015). Paddling Force Profiles at Different Stroke Rates in Elite Sprint Kayaking. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 31(4), 258-263. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Chiu, C., Gonjo, T., Throw, J., Oliveira, N., Psycharakis, S., Payton, C., McCabe, C. (2015). Reliability of the elliptical zone method of estimating body segment parameters for swimmers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(1), 215-224.
  • Sanders, R., Gonjo, T., McCabe, C. (2015). Reliability of Three-Dimensional Linear Kinematics and Kinetics of Swimming Derived from Digitized Video at 25 and 50 Hz with 10 and 5 Frame Extensions to the 4th Order Butterworth Smoothing Window. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(2), 441-451.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S. (2015). Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing and non-breathing conditions in front crawl sprint swimming. Journal of Biomechanics, 48(15), 3995-4001. [More Information]

2014

  • Walker, C., Sinclair, P., Cobley, S., Sanders, R., Graham, K. (2014). A comparison of multiple forward somersault dives from the 3m springboard: A case study. 32nd Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS), Johnson City, TN, USA: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Oliveira, N., Sanders, R. (2014). A method to calculate the vertical force produced during the eggbeater kick. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Chiu, C., Sanders, R. (2014). Adjustments to elliptical zone software for acquiring body segment parameters automatically. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C. (2014). Asymmetries produce yaw in breaststroke. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Lee, C., Sanders, R., Payton, C. (2014). Changes in force production and stroke parameters of trained able-bodied and unilateral arm-amputee female swimmers during a 30 s tethered front-crawl swim. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(18), 1704-1711. [More Information]
  • Cotterill, S., Collins, D., Sanders, R. (2014). Developing effective pre-performance routines for golf performance: Implications for the coach. Athletic Insight, 6(1), 53-64. [More Information]
  • Komar, J., Sanders, R., Chollet, D., Seifert, L. (2014). Do qualitative changes in inter-limb coordination lead to effectiveness of aquatic locomotion rather than efficiency? Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 30(2), 189-196. [More Information]
  • Gonjo, T., McCabe, C., Coleman, S., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R., Sanders, R. (2014). Does back crawl require greater energy expenditure than front crawl at equivalent sub-anaerobic threshold speed? 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Connaboy, C., Moir, G., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2014). Effects of imposed cycle frequency training on the heave and pitch phase relationships in undulatory underwater swimming. 32nd Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS), Johnson City, TN, USA: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Soomro, N., Cobley, S., Hackett, D., Freeston, J., Hubka, T., Ibrahimi, O., Sanders, R. (2014). Efficacy of injury prevention programs in adolescent sports: A Systematic Review. Sport Medicine Australia (SMA), Sydney, Australia.
  • Connaboy, C., Moir, G., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2014). Gender differences in heave and pitch phase relationships in maximal undulatory underwater swimming. American College of Sports Medicine 61st Annual Meeting, USA.
  • de Jesus, K., de Jesus, K., Fernandes, R., Vilas-Boas, J., Sanders, R. (2014). The backstroke swimming start: State of the art. Journal of Human Kinetics, 42(1), 27-40. [More Information]
  • Machtsiras, G., Valluri, P., Sanders, R. (2014). The effect of full body swimsuits on swimmers’ morphology and glide performance. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Takagi, H., Shimada, S., Miwa, T., Kudo, S., Sanders, R., Matsuuchi, K. (2014). Unsteady hydrodynamic forces acting on a hand and its flow field during sculling motion. Human Movement Science, 38, 133-142. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2014). Upper limb kinematic differences between breathing and non-breathing conditions in front crawl sprint swimming. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Sport.

2013

  • Sanders, R. (2013). A team approach to performance enhancement in swimming. 31st International Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sport, Applied session on Swimming, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C., Alcock, A., Wright, L., Donald, N., Riach, I., Fairweather, M. (2013). Case studies of asymmetries in swimming. 31st International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2013), Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.
  • Sanders, R. (2013). How do asymmetries affect swimming performance? Journal of Swimming Research, 21(1).
  • Figueiredo, P., Sanders, R., Gorski, T., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R. (2013). Kinematic and electromyographic changes during 200m front crawl at race pace. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(1), 49-55. [More Information]
  • Declerck, M., Verheul, W., Daly, D., Sanders, R. (2013). Swimming for youth with Cerebral Palsy: A randomized controlled trial. European Conference on Evidence Based Aquatic Therapy, Izmir, Turkey.

2012

  • Machtsiras, G., Sanders, R. (2012). A comparison of the elliptical zone and 3D scanning methods of calculating swimmers’ body segment volumes. Annual conference of the European College of Sport Science, Bruges, Belgium.
  • Sanders, R., Sanders, F., Currie, K. (2012). A cost effective CPD pathway to bespoke postgraduate academic qualifications for sports practitioners. 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: Australian Catholic University.
  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M. (2012). Asymmetry Project: Report to Sprtscotland and Scottish Swimming: Phase 1 Testing.
  • Fairweather, M., Alcock, A., Sanders, R. (2012). Benchmarking and monitoring the performance influence of skill acquisition interventions. ICSEMIS Conference, Scotland.
  • Thow, J., Naemi, R., Sanders, R. (2012). Comparison of modes of feedback on glide performance in swimming. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(1), 43-52. [More Information]
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2012). Gender differences in heave and pitch phase relationships in maximal undulatory underwater swimming (UUS). American College of Sports Medicine. Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.
  • Sanders, R., Thow, J., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M., Riach, I., Mather, F. (2012). How can asymmetries in swimming be identified and measured? Journal of Swimming Research, 19(1), 1-15.
  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M. (2012). Is correction of asymmetries important in swimming? FINA World Medicine Conference.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2012). Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at a distance pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(6), 601-608. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Psycharakis, S., McCabe, C., Connaboy, C., Sanders, R. (2012). Relationships between glide efficiency and swimmers' size and shape characteristics. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(5), 400-411.
  • Sanders, R. (2012). Rock and roll rhythms in human movement (Invited lecture). Approaches to Rhythm and Timing in Scotland Today (ARTiST) Conference, Scotland.
  • Declerck, M., Verheul, M., Sanders, R. (2012). Swimming and the physical, social and emotional wellbeing of youth with Cerebral Palsy. Bright SPARCS (Scottish Physical Activity and Research Conference for PhD Students), Edinburgh, UK.
  • Declerck, M., Daly, D., Verheul, M., Sanders, R. (2012). Swimming to break the vicious cycle of deconditioning in youth with Cerebral Palsy, Pisa, Italy. 4th International Cerebral Palsy Conference, Pisa, Italy.
  • Declerck, M., Daly, D., Verheul, M., Sanders, R. (2012). The effectiveness of swimming for breaking the vicious cycle of deconditioning in Cerebral Palsy. North American Federation of Adapted Physical Activity Conference, Birmingham, Alabama.
  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Donald, N., Riach, I., Wright, L., Fairweather, M. (2012). The swimming asymmetry puzzle: Putting the pieces together. (Invited address). Sports Science Conference, Turkey.

2011

  • Gomes, B., Viriato, N., Sanders, R., Conceicao, F., Vaz, M., Vilas-Boas, J. (2011). Analysis Of Single And Team Kayak Acceleration. Revista Portuguesa de Ciencias do Desporto, 11(Supp 2), 259-262.
  • Sanders, R., Thow, J., Fairweather, M. (2011). Asymmetries in swimming: Where do they come from? Journal of Swimming Research, 18, 1-11.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C., Machtsiras, G., Thow, J., Einarsson, I. (2011). Better times: Monitoring performance in swimming. 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Sciences, Liverpool, UK: European College of Sport Sciences.
  • Payton, C., Sanders, R. (2011). Bodyroll in Front Crawl Swimming. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 173-189). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Seifert, L., Leblanc, H., Chollet, D., Sanders, R., Persyn, U. (2011). Breaststroke Kinematics. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 135-151). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). From technical foundations to increased efficiency in swimming. 29th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Porto, Portugal: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). How can scientists help swimmers and coaches imrpove performance? (Keynote address). Conference of the Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Covilhã, Portugal.
  • McCabe, C., Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2011). Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at a sprint pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(2), 115-123. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (2011). Rhythms in Butterfly Swimming. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 191-201). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). Swimming (Keynote address). German NPC 60th Birthday Satellite Conference on Sport Science, Berlin, Germany.

2010

  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2010). Body roll in swimming: A review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(3), 229-236. [More Information]
  • Cotterill, S., Sanders, R., Collins, D. (2010). Developing effective pre-performance routines in Golf: Why don't we ask the golfer? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(1), 51-64. [More Information]
  • Seifert, L., Chollet, D., Sanders, R. (2010). Does Breathing Disturb Coordination in Butterfly? International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(3), 167-173. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Easson, W., Sanders, R. (2010). Hydrodynamic glide efficiency in swimming. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(4), 444-451. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (2010). Invited Lecture: Biomechanics feedback in swimming. 28th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, USA: Northern Michigan University.
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Moir, G., Sanders, R. (2010). Measures of reliability in the kinematics of maximal undulatory underwater swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(4), 762-770. [More Information]
  • Machtsiras, G., Sanders, R. (2010). Report to Waterford Swimming Club.
  • Cotterill, S., Sanders, R., Collins, D. (2010). Representative experimental design issues in observing golfer pre-performance routine behaviour. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41(4), 403-415.
  • Sanders, R., Dunn, J. (2010). The Bologna Accord: A Model of Cooperation and Coordination. Quest (Champaign), 62(1), 92-105.
  • Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., Connaboy, C., McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2010). Three-dimensional analysis of intracycle velocity fluctuations in front crawl swimming. Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine and Science In Sports, 20(1), 128-135. [More Information]

2009

  • Sanders, R., Li, S., Hamill, J. (2009). Adjustment to change in familiar and unfamiliar task constraints. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(6), 651-659. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009). Are Sprint and Distance Freestyle Swimmers Technically Different? Unknown, , 1-8.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009), Are sprint and distance swimmers technically Different.
  • Sanders, R. (2009). Green swimming: Getting into the energy saving rhythm. The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2009). Hydrodynamics of undulatory underwater swimming: A review. Sports Biomechanics, 8(4), 360-380. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S. (2009). Rolling rhythms in front crawl swimmming with six-beat kick. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(3), 273-279. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009). Sprint and distance swimmers: The same animal? The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Sanders, R. (2009). The Bologna Accord - A model of Cooperation and Coordination. C. Lynn Vendien International Lecture. 2009 Conference of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education.
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2009). Validity of the use of a fixed point for intracycle velocity calculations in swimming. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(2), 262-265. [More Information]

2008

  • Naemi, R., Sanders, R. (2008). A "hydrokinematic" method of measuring the glide efficiency of a human swimmer. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 130(6), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., McCabe, C. (2008). Advancing swimming science with CARE. 5th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology 2008 - Kinesiology Research Trends and Applications, Zagreb: Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). Deriving three-dimensional forces and torques in swimming. 13th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science ECSS 2008, France: European College of Sports Science.
  • Sanders, R., Naemi, R., Goodwill, S., Haake, S. (2008). Report to EPSRC and UKSport on the funded development of 'Glide Coach'.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). Rhythms in swimming: New info for coaches. LEN European Aquatics Swimming Coaches Clinic - European Swimming Championships '08.
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2008). Shoulder and hip roll changes during 200m front crawl swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(12), 2129-2136. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (2008). Skilled movement represented as low frequency travelling sinusoidal waves (Invited lecture). Functional, Algorithmic and Implementation Aspects of Motor Control and Learning, Liverpool, UK.
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., McCabe, C., Machtsiras, G. (2008). Swimming. In Youlian Hong, Roger Bartlett (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Biomechanics and Human Movement in Science, (pp. 323-339). London: Routledge.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). The role of three-dimensional analysis in enhancing performance in swimming (Invited lecture). 16th FINA World Sports Medicine Congress, Manchester, United Kingdom.

2007

  • Sanders, R. (2007). Kinematics, coordination, variability, and biological noise in the prone flutter kick at different levels of a "learn-to-swim" programme. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(2), 213-227. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2007). Report to Nth Ireland Commonwealth Games Squad: Poolside video analysis of swimming technique.
  • Sanders, R. (2007). Rock and roll rhythms in swimming. TheGeoffrey Dyson Lecture 2007 (Keynote address). XXV International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Ouro Preto, Brazil: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Moir, G., Sanders, R., Button, C., Glaister, M. (2007). The effect of periodized resistance training on accelerative sprint performance. Sports Biomechanics, 6(3), 285-300. [More Information]

2006

  • Sanders, R. (2006). Analysis of swimming technique: State of the art; applications and implications (Invited lecture). Xth International Symposium Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Porto, Portugal.
  • Sanders, R. (2006). Enhancing communication and information sharing. UK Sport High Performance Seminar Programme (Invited lecture).
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2006). Poolside video Analysis of technique.

2005

  • Burnett, A., Naumann, F., Price, R., Sanders, R. (2005). A comparison of training methods to increase neck muscle strength. Work, 25(3), 205-210.
  • Sanders, R., Sanders, L. (2005). Biomechanics teachers can be animals. Sports Biomechanics, 4(2), 245-268. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (2005). Got the Rhythm? (Keynote address). Exercise and Sport Science Association of Ireland Annual Conference, Limerick, Ireland.
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., McCabe, C., Naemi, R., Li, S. (2005). Report to Nth Ireland Commonwealth Games Squad: Poolside video analysis of swimming technique.
  • Sanders, R. (2005). Report to Nth Lanarkshire. Poolside video analysis of technique.
  • Moir, G., Sanders, R., Button, C., Glaister, M. (2005). The Influence of Familiarization on the Reliability of Force Variables Measured During Unloaded and Loaded Verticle Jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 140-145.

2004

  • Sanders, R. (2004). Biomechanical Analyses in Physical Education. In Jan Wright, Doune MacDonald and Lisette Burrows (Eds.), Critical inquiry and problem-solving in physical education, (pp. 159-170). New York: Routledge.
  • Sanders, R. (2004). Findings of the CARE research program: Implications for swimming teachers (Keynote address and workshop). Scandinavian Swimming Teachers Conference.
  • Myers, K., Sanders, R. (2004). Skill Development in Backstroke Kicking: Implications for Instructors.
  • Myers, K., Sanders, R. (2004). Skill Development in Freestyle Kicking: Implications for Instructors.
  • Sanders, R., Burnett, A. (2004). Technique and timing in women's and men's reverse one and one half somersault with two and one half twists (5335D) and men's reverse one and one half somersault with three and one half twists (5337D) 3 m springboard dives. Sports Biomechanics, 3(1), 29-41.

2003

  • Button, C., MacLeod, M., Sanders, R., Coleman, S. (2003). Examining movement variability in the basketball free-throw action at different skill levels. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74(3), 257-269.
  • Sanders, R., Button, C. (2003). Is a sporting background a help or hindrance when learning the golf swing? Leistungssport, 33(3), 33-39.
  • Sanders, R. (2003). Perfecting technique (Keynote address and workshop). Swedish Swimming Federation, Annual Coaches Conference.
  • Sanders, R., Bruce, D., Ferrier, B. (2003). Report to British IM during squad camp.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2003). Technique and timing in the women's backward two and one half somersault tuck (205C). Sports Biomechanics, 2(1), 73-84.
  • Sanders, R., Burnett, A. (2003). Technique and timing in the women's inward two and one half somersault tuck. Sports Biomechanics, 2(2), 251-265.

2002

  • Stone, M., Moir, G., Glaister, M., Sanders, R. (2002). How much strength is necessary? Physical Therapy in Sport, 3, 88-96. [More Information]
  • Shahbazi Moghaddem, M., Sanders, R. (2002). Kinematical approaches for hydrodynamic force assessments. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(9), 895-902. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Takagi, H. (2002). Measurement of propulsion by the hand during competitive swimming. In S. Ujihashi, S. J. Haake (Eds.), The Engineering of Sport 4, (pp. 631-637). Oxford, UK: Staempfli Publishers Ltd.
  • Sanders, R., Bruce, D., Ferrier, B. (2002). Quantitive feedback on starts. British Individual Medley Squad.
  • Sanders, R. (2002). Swimming Research and Education at the Centre for Aquatics Research and Education (Keynote address). Japan Conference of Swimming.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B., Prassas, S. (2002). Technique and timing in the women's reverse two and one half somersault tuck (305C) and the men's reverse two and one half somersault pike (305B) 3m springboard dives. Sports Biomechanics, 1(2), 193-212.

2001

  • Sanders, R. (2001). Applying Biomechanics: What can and should be analysed in your sport? (Invited lecture). World Class Coaching Conference. British Olympic Association and UKSI.
  • Sanders, R. (2001). Applying mechanical concepts to improve mid-pool swimming (Invited Lecture). XXIV Congresso Tecnico-Cientifico da Associacao Portuguesa de Tecnicos de Natacao.
  • Sanders, R. (2001). Biomechanical Analysis: Confidential Report for Scottish Institute of Sport Swimming.
  • Malone, L., Sanders, R., Schiltz, J., Steadword, R. (2001). Effects of visual impairment on stroke parameters in Paralympic swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(12), 2098-2103.
  • Sanders, R., Ferrier, B., Li, S. (2001). Quanative feedback on Timing and Technique in Diving: FINA Grand Prix Manchester.
  • Sanders, R. (2001). What we can learn and use from the latest swimming science research on starts and turns (Invited lecture). XXIV Congresso Tecnico-Cientifico da Associacao Portuguesa de Tecnicos de Natacao.

2000

  • Sanders, R. (2000). Beyond race analysis. XVIII International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Hong Kong: Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, Chinese University of Hong Kong.
  • Takagi, H., Sanders, R. (2000). Hydrodynamics makes a splash. Physics World, 13(9), 39-44.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2000). Technique and timing in the women's firward two and one half somersault pike and men's three and one half somersault pike 3m springboard dives. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3(4), 434-448.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2000). Technique and timing in the womens forward two and one half somersault pike and mens three and one half somersault pike 3m springboard dives. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3(4), 434-448.

1999

  • Sanders, R. (1999). A model of kinematic variables determining height achieved in water polo 'boosts'. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15(3), 270-283. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (1999). Analysis of the eggbeater kick used to maintain height in water polo. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15(3), 284-291.
  • Sanders, R. (1999). Hydrodynamic characteristics of a swimmer's hand. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15(1), 3-26.
  • Mackie, H., Sanders, R., Legg, S. (1999). The physical demands of Olympic yacht racing. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2(4), 375-388.
  • Sanders, R. (1999). Timing in the forward one and one half somersault with one twist 3m springboard dive. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2(1), 57-66.

1998

  • Sanders, R., Baker, J. (1998). Evolution of technique in flatwater kayaking. In Vladimir Issurin (Eds.), Science and Practice of Canoe/kayak High-performance Training, (pp. 67-81). Israel: Elite Sport Department of Israel.
  • Sanders, R. (1998). Lift or drag? Let's get skeptical about freestyle propulsion. Sportscience, May-June 1998.
  • Sanders, R., Cappaert, J., Pease, D. (1998). Wave characteristics of Olympic breaststroke swimmers. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 14(1), 40-51.

1995

  • Sanders, R. (1995). Can skilled performers readily change technique? Human Movement Science, 14(6), 665-679. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (1995). Can skilled performers readily change technique? An example, conventional to wave action breaststroke. Human Movement Science, 14(6), 665-679. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (1995). Effect of ability on twisting techniques in forward somersaults on the trampoline. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 11(3), 267-287.
  • Sanders, R. (1995). Using biomechanics to understand and improve techniques in surf life saving. Journal of Physical Education New Zealand, 28(3), 13-17.
  • Sanders, R., Cappaert, J., Devlin, R. (1995). Wave Characteristics of butterfly swimming. Journal of Biomechanics, 28(1), 9-6. [More Information]

1993

  • Sanders, R., Allen, J. (1993). Changes in net joint torques during accommodation to change in surface compliance in a drop jumping task. Human Movement Science, 12, 299-326. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., McClymont, D., Howick, I., Kavalieris, L. (1993). Comparison of static and counter movement jumps across a range of movement amplitudes. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25(1), 3-6.

1992

  • Sanders, R., Kendal, S. (1992). A description of Olympic flatwater kayak stroke technique. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 24(1), 25-30.
  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B. (1992). Comparison of static and counter movement jumps of unconstrained movement amplitude. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 24(3), 79-85.
  • Sanders, R., Owens, P. (1992). Hub movement during the swing of elite and novice golfers. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics (United States), 8, 320-330.
  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B. (1992). Modification of movement patterns to accommodate to a change in surface compliance in a drop jumping task. Human Movement Science, 11(5), 593-614. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Kendal, S. (1992). Technique of elite flatwater kayak paddlers using the wing paddle. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics (United States), 8(3), 233-250.

1991

  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B., Jensen, R. (1991). Accuracy of derived ground reaction force curves for a rigid link human body model. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics (United States), 7(4), 330-343. [More Information]
  • Taylor, N., Sanders, R., Howick, I., Stanley, S. (1991). Static and dynamic assessment of the Biodex dynamometer. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 62, 180-188. [More Information]

1988

  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B. (1988). Factors contributing to maximum height of dives after takeoff from the 3m springboard. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 4(3), 231-259. [More Information]

1987

  • Sanders, R., Wilson, B. (1987). Angular momentum requirements of twisting and non-twisting springboard dives. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics (United States), 3(1), 47-62.

For support on your academic profile contact .