Professor Ross Sanders

Dip. Teach. (W'gong CAE,1976); Dip. Health & Phys.Ed (W'gong Inst.of Ed,1981); BEd (Newcastle CAE,1984); M Qual. (UQ,1985); PhD (UQ,1991)
Professor and Head of Discipline, Exercise and Sport Science

C43K - K Block Cumberland Campus
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 9067
Fax +61 2 93519204

Website Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science
Motor Behaviour Research Team

Biographical details

Professor Sanders background includes physical education teaching in NSW, from 1977 to 1984. In 1984 he began teaching in the tertiary system, completing a PhD through the University of Queensland in 1991 overlapping with ten years as a lecturer and researcher at The University of Otago (1987-1996). Prior to accepting a chair at The University of Edinburgh in January 2000 he was a senior lecturer at Edith Cowan University in Perth, Western Australia (1996-2000).

As Chair of Sport Science at The University of Edinburgh (2000-2013) he founded the Centre for Aquatics Research and Education (CARE) in 2001 and directed the centre until taking up the current position as Professor and Head of Exercise Science in May 2103.

Professor Sanders is looking to build a productive research team of PhD students and collaborating scientists including those in the Faculty of Health Sciences, The Charles Perkins Centre, and compatible international research units

Research interests

  • Development of rhythm and skill in movement from human performance and rehabilitation perspectives
  • Analysis of aquatic locomotion from the perspectives of skill learning, elite performance, and rehabilitation/exercise
  • Anthropometry: Applications of quantifying the physical properties of body segments to address research questions relating to cardiovascular health, obesity, and sports performance.

Ross is a member of the Motor Behaviour research team:

http://sydney.edu.au/health-sciences/research/motor-behaviour/index.shtml

Teaching and supervision

Current PhD students:

  • Jacki Thow, The University of Edinburgh. Expected completion ? end 2013
  • Marlies Declerck, The University of Edinburgh. Expected completion ? end 2013
  • Nuno Oliveira, The University of Edinburgh. Expected completion ? end 2013
  • Chuang-Yuan Chiu, The University of Edinburgh. Expected completion ? end 2014.
  • Tomohiro Gonjo, The University of Edinburgh. Expected completion ? end 2014.

Professor Sanders' teaching background at undergraduate level includes Biomechanics, Motor Control, and Research Methods within the Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science.

Current projects

  • Correcting asymmetries to improve performance and reduce injuries in British swimmers. SportScotland.

Themes

Exercise, Health and Performance

Selected grants

2010

  • Correcting asymmetries to improve performance and reduce injuries in British swimmers; Sanders R; SportScotland/Research Grant.

2008

  • Improving quality and cost effectiveness of Scandinavian swimming teacher education using advanced on-line and audio-visual technologies; Sanders R, Gudmundsson H, Madsen L; Leonardo da Vinci Programm/Transfer of Innovation Scheme.

2007

  • Enhancing swim performance by optimising glide efficiency and time of initiating post-glide actions; Sanders R; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)/UK Sport Performance Enhancement through Technology Fund.
  • Principal’s e-learning fund for development of infrastructure for delivery of CPD via the world wide web; Sanders R.

2003

  • Learn to swim research; Sanders R; Swimming Nature Limited/Research Grant.

2002

  • SHEFC pump priming grant for development of CPD modules; Sanders R; Scottish Higher Education Funding Council/Pump Priming Grant.

1998

  • Feedback on timing and technique for New Zealand Divers; Sanders R; Sports Science New Zealand/Research Grant.

1996

  • The 'rhythm method' for improving coordination; Sanders R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.

1995

  • Shoulder impingement injuries; Sanders R, Pease D, Gerrard D; University of Otago (NZ)/Research Grant.
  • Three-dimensional analysis of the water polo eggbeater kick; Sanders R; Sports Science and Technology Board/Research Grant.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Payton, C., Sanders, R. (2011). Bodyroll in Front Crawl Swimming. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 173-189). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Seifert, L., Leblanc, H., Chollet, D., Sanders, R., Persyn, U. (2011). Breaststroke Kinematics. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 135-151). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). Rhythms in Butterfly Swimming. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 191-201). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., McCabe, C., Machtsiras, G. (2008). Swimming. In Youlian Hong, Roger Bartlett (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Biomechanics and Human Movement in Science, (pp. 323-339). London: Routledge.
  • Sanders, R. (2004). Biomechanical Analyses in Physical Education. In Jan Wright, Doune MacDonald and Lisette Burrows (Eds.), Critical inquiry and problem-solving in physical education, (pp. 159-170). New York: Routledge.

Journals

  • Lee, C., Sanders, R., Payton, C. (2014). Changes in force production and stroke parameters of trained able-bodied and unilateral arm-amputee female swimmers during a 30 s tethered front-crawl swim. Journal of Sports Sciences, On line. [More Information]
  • Komar, J., Sanders, R., Chollet, D., Seifert, L. (2014). Do qualitative changes in inter-limb coordination lead to effectiveness of aquatic locomotion rather than efficiency? Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 30(2), 189-196. [More Information]
  • de Jesus, K., de Jesus, K., Fernandes, R., Vilas-Boas, J., Sanders, R. (2014). The backstroke swimming start: State of the art. Journal of Human Kinetics, In Press.
  • Takagi, H., Shimada, S., Miwa, T., Kudo, S., Sanders, R., Matsuuchi, K. (2014). Unsteady hydrodynamic forces acting on a hand and its flow field during sculling motion. Human Movement Science, 38(133), 142.
  • Sanders, R. (2013). How do asymmetries affect swimming performance? Journal of Swimming Research, 21(1).
  • Figueiredo, P., Sanders, R., Gorski, T., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R. (2013). Kinematic and electromyographic changes during 200m front crawl at race pace. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34, 49-55. [More Information]
  • Thow, J., Naemi, R., Sanders, R. (2012). Comparison of modes of feedback on glide performance in swimming. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(1), 43-52. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Thow, J., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M., Riach, I., Mather, F. (2012). How can asymmetries in swimming be measured? Journal of Swimming Research, 19(1), 1-15.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2012). Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at a distance pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(6), 601-608. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Psycharakis, S., McCabe, C., Connaboy, C., Sanders, R. (2012). Relationships between glide efficiency and swimmers' size and shape characteristics. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(5), 400-411.
  • Gomes, B., Viriato, N., Sanders, R., Conceicao, F., Vaz, M., Vilas-Boas, J. (2011). Analysis Of Single And Team Kayak Acceleration. Portuguese Journal of Sport Sciences, 11(Supp 2), 259-262.
  • Sanders, R., Thow, J., Fairweather, M. (2011). Asymmetries in swimming: Where do they come from? Journal of Swimming Research, 18(Fall 2011), 1-11.
  • McCabe, C., Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2011). Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at a sprint pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(2), 115-123. [More Information]
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2010). Body roll in swimming: A review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(3), 229-236. [More Information]
  • Cotterill, S., Sanders, R., Collins, D. (2010). Developing effective pre-performance routines in Golf: Why don't we ask the golfer? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(1), 51-64. [More Information]
  • Seifert, L., Chollet, D., Sanders, R. (2010). Does breathing disturb arm to leg coordination in butterfly? International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31, 167-173. [More Information]
  • Seifert, L., Chollet, D., Sanders, R. (2010). Does Breathing Disturb Coordination in Butterfly? International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(3), 167-173. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Easson, W., Sanders, R. (2010). Hydrodynamic glide efficiency in swimming. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(4), 444-451. [More Information]
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Moir, G., Sanders, R. (2010). Measures of reliability in the kinematics of maximal undulatory underwater swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(4), 762-770. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Dunn, J. (2010). The Bologna Accord: A Model of Cooperation and Coordination. Quest (Champaign), 62(1), 92-105.
  • Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., Connaboy, C., McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2010). Three-dimensional analysis of intracycle velocity fluctuations in front crawl swimming. Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine and Science In Sports, 20(1), 128-135. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Li, S., Hamill, J. (2009). Adjustment to change in familiar and unfamiliar task constraints. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(6), 651-659. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009). Are Sprint and Distance Freestyle Swimmers Technically Different? Unknown, , 1-8.
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2009). Hydrodynamics of undulatory underwater swimming: A review. Sports Biomechanics, 8(4), 360-380. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S. (2009). Rolling rhythms in front crawl swimmming with six-beat kick. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(3), 273-279. [More Information]
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2009). Validity of the use of a fixed point for intracycle velocity calculations in swimming. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(2), 262-265. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Sanders, R. (2008). A "hydrokinematic" method of measuring the glide efficiency of a human swimmer. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 130(6), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Cotterill, S., Sanders, R., Collins, D. (2008). Representative experimental design issues in observing golfer pre-performance routine behaviour. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41(4), 403-415.
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2008). Shoulder and hip roll changes during 200m front crawl swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(12), 2129-2136. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (2007). Kinematics, coordination, variability, and biological noise in the prone flutter kick at different levels of a "learn-to-swim" programme. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(2), 213-227. [More Information]
  • Moir, G., Sanders, R., Button, C., Glaister, M. (2007). The effect of periodized resistance training on accelerative sprint performance. Sports Biomechanics, 6(3), 285-300. [More Information]
  • Burnett, A., Naumann, F., Price, R., Sanders, R. (2005). A comparison of training methods to increase neck muscle strength. Work, 25(3), 205-210.
  • Sanders, R., Sanders, L. (2005). Biomechanics teachers can be animals. Sports Biomechanics, 4(2), 245-268. [More Information]
  • Moir, G., Sanders, R., Button, C., Glaister, M. (2005). The Influence of Familiarization on the Reliability of Force Variables Measured During Unloaded and Loaded Verticle Jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 140-145. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Burnett, A. (2004). Technique and timing in women's and men's reverse one and one half somersault with two and one half twists (5335D) and men's reverse one and one half somersault with three and one half twists (5337D) 3 m springboard dives. Sports Biomechanics, 3(1), 29-41.
  • Button, C., MacLeod, M., Sanders, R., Coleman, S. (2003). Examining movement variability in the basketball free-throw action at different skill levels. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74(3), 257-269.
  • Sanders, R., Button, C. (2003). Is a sporting background a help or hindrance when learning the golf swing? Leistungssport, 33(3), 33-39.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2003). Technique and timing in the women's backward two and one half somersault tuck (205C). Sports Biomechanics, 2(1), 73-84.
  • Sanders, R., Burnett, A. (2003). Technique and timing in the women's inward two and one half somersault tuck. Sports Biomechanics, 2(2), 251-265.
  • Stone, M., Moir, G., Glaister, M., Sanders, R. (2002). How much strength is necessary? Physical Therapy in Sport, 3, 88-96. [More Information]
  • Shahbazi Moghaddem, M., Sanders, R. (2002). Kinematical approaches for hydrodynamic force assessments. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(9), 895-902. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B., Prassas, S. (2002). Technique and timing in the women's reverse two and one half somersault tuck (305C) and the men's reverse two and one half somersault pike (305B) 3m springboard dives. Sports Biomechanics, 1(2), 193-212.
  • Malone, L., Sanders, R., Schiltz, J., Steadword, R. (2001). Effects of visual impairment on stroke parameters in Paralympic swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(12), 2098-2103.
  • Takagi, H., Sanders, R. (2000). Hydrodynamics makes a splash. Physics World, 13(9), 39-44.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2000). Technique and timing in the women's firward two and one half somersault pike and men's three and one half somersault pike 3m springboard dives. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3(4), 434-448.

Conferences

  • Oliveira, N., Sanders, R. (2014). A method to calculate the vertical force produced during the eggbeater kick. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Gonjo, T., McCabe, C., Coleman, S., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R., Sanders, R. (2014). Does back crawl require greater energy expenditure than front crawl at equivalent sub-anaerobic threshold speed? 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C., Alcock, A., Wright, L., Donald, N., Riach, I., Fairweather, M. (2013). Case studies of asymmetries in swimming. 31st International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2013), Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.
  • Sanders, R., Sanders, F., Currie, K. (2012). A cost effective CPD pathway to bespoke postgraduate academic qualifications for sports practitioners. 30th Annual Conference of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M. (2012). Is correction of asymmetries important in swimming? FINA World Medicine Conference.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C., Machtsiras, G., Thow, J., Einarsson, I. (2011). Better times: Monitoring performance in swimming. 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Sciences, Liverpool, UK: European College of Sport Sciences.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). From technical foundations to increased efficiency in swimming. 29th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Porto, Portugal: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Sanders, R. (2009). Green swimming: Getting into the energy saving rhythm. The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009). Sprint and distance swimmers: The same animal? The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., McCabe, C. (2008). Advancing swimming science with CARE. 5th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology 2008 - Kinesiology Research Trends and Applications, Zagreb, Croatia: Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). Deriving three-dimensional forces and torques in swimming. 13th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science ECSS 2008, France: European College of Sports Science.

Report

  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M. (2012). Asymmetry Project: Report to Sprtscotland and Scottish Swimming: Phase 1 Testing.
  • Machtsiras, G., Sanders, R. (2010). Report to Waterford Swimming Club.
  • Sanders, R., Naemi, R., Goodwill, S., Haake, S. (2008). Report to EPSRC and UKSport on the funded development of 'Glide Coach'.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2007). Report to Nth Ireland Commonwealth Games Squad: Poolside video analysis of swimming technique.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2006). Poolside video Analysis of technique.
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., McCabe, C., Naemi, R., Li, S. (2005). Report to Nth Ireland Commonwealth Games Squad: Poolside video analysis of swimming technique.
  • Sanders, R. (2005). Report to Nth Lanarkshire. Poolside video analysis of technique.
  • Myers, K., Sanders, R. (2004). Skill Development in Backstroke Kicking: Implications for Instructors.
  • Myers, K., Sanders, R. (2004). Skill Development in Freestyle Kicking: Implications for Instructors.
  • Sanders, R., Bruce, D., Ferrier, B. (2003). Report to British IM during squad camp.
  • Sanders, R., Bruce, D., Ferrier, B. (2002). Quantitive feedback on starts. British Individual Medley Squad.
  • Sanders, R. (2001). Biomechanical Analysis: Confidential Report for Scottish Institute of Sport Swimming.
  • Sanders, R., Ferrier, B., Li, S. (2001). Quanative feedback on Timing and Technique in Diving: FINA Grand Prix Manchester.

Other

  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009), Are sprint and distance swimmers technically Different.

2014

  • Oliveira, N., Sanders, R. (2014). A method to calculate the vertical force produced during the eggbeater kick. 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • Lee, C., Sanders, R., Payton, C. (2014). Changes in force production and stroke parameters of trained able-bodied and unilateral arm-amputee female swimmers during a 30 s tethered front-crawl swim. Journal of Sports Sciences, On line. [More Information]
  • Komar, J., Sanders, R., Chollet, D., Seifert, L. (2014). Do qualitative changes in inter-limb coordination lead to effectiveness of aquatic locomotion rather than efficiency? Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 30(2), 189-196. [More Information]
  • Gonjo, T., McCabe, C., Coleman, S., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R., Sanders, R. (2014). Does back crawl require greater energy expenditure than front crawl at equivalent sub-anaerobic threshold speed? 12th International Symposium on Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Canberra: Australian Institute of Sport.
  • de Jesus, K., de Jesus, K., Fernandes, R., Vilas-Boas, J., Sanders, R. (2014). The backstroke swimming start: State of the art. Journal of Human Kinetics, In Press.
  • Takagi, H., Shimada, S., Miwa, T., Kudo, S., Sanders, R., Matsuuchi, K. (2014). Unsteady hydrodynamic forces acting on a hand and its flow field during sculling motion. Human Movement Science, 38(133), 142.

2013

  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C., Alcock, A., Wright, L., Donald, N., Riach, I., Fairweather, M. (2013). Case studies of asymmetries in swimming. 31st International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2013), Taipei, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.
  • Sanders, R. (2013). How do asymmetries affect swimming performance? Journal of Swimming Research, 21(1).
  • Figueiredo, P., Sanders, R., Gorski, T., Vilas-Boas, J., Fernandes, R. (2013). Kinematic and electromyographic changes during 200m front crawl at race pace. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34, 49-55. [More Information]

2012

  • Sanders, R., Sanders, F., Currie, K. (2012). A cost effective CPD pathway to bespoke postgraduate academic qualifications for sports practitioners. 30th Annual Conference of Biomechanics in Sports, Melbourne: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M. (2012). Asymmetry Project: Report to Sprtscotland and Scottish Swimming: Phase 1 Testing.
  • Thow, J., Naemi, R., Sanders, R. (2012). Comparison of modes of feedback on glide performance in swimming. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(1), 43-52. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Thow, J., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M., Riach, I., Mather, F. (2012). How can asymmetries in swimming be measured? Journal of Swimming Research, 19(1), 1-15.
  • Sanders, R., Alcock, A., Fairweather, M. (2012). Is correction of asymmetries important in swimming? FINA World Medicine Conference.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2012). Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at a distance pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(6), 601-608. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Psycharakis, S., McCabe, C., Connaboy, C., Sanders, R. (2012). Relationships between glide efficiency and swimmers' size and shape characteristics. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(5), 400-411.

2011

  • Gomes, B., Viriato, N., Sanders, R., Conceicao, F., Vaz, M., Vilas-Boas, J. (2011). Analysis Of Single And Team Kayak Acceleration. Portuguese Journal of Sport Sciences, 11(Supp 2), 259-262.
  • Sanders, R., Thow, J., Fairweather, M. (2011). Asymmetries in swimming: Where do they come from? Journal of Swimming Research, 18(Fall 2011), 1-11.
  • Sanders, R., McCabe, C., Machtsiras, G., Thow, J., Einarsson, I. (2011). Better times: Monitoring performance in swimming. 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Sciences, Liverpool, UK: European College of Sport Sciences.
  • Payton, C., Sanders, R. (2011). Bodyroll in Front Crawl Swimming. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 173-189). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Seifert, L., Leblanc, H., Chollet, D., Sanders, R., Persyn, U. (2011). Breaststroke Kinematics. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 135-151). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Sanders, R. (2011). From technical foundations to increased efficiency in swimming. 29th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Porto, Portugal: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
  • McCabe, C., Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2011). Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at a sprint pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(2), 115-123. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R. (2011). Rhythms in Butterfly Swimming. In Ludovic Seifert, Didier Chollet, Inigo Mujika (Eds.), World Book of Swimming: From Science to Performance, (pp. 191-201). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

2010

  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2010). Body roll in swimming: A review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(3), 229-236. [More Information]
  • Cotterill, S., Sanders, R., Collins, D. (2010). Developing effective pre-performance routines in Golf: Why don't we ask the golfer? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(1), 51-64. [More Information]
  • Seifert, L., Chollet, D., Sanders, R. (2010). Does breathing disturb arm to leg coordination in butterfly? International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31, 167-173. [More Information]
  • Seifert, L., Chollet, D., Sanders, R. (2010). Does Breathing Disturb Coordination in Butterfly? International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(3), 167-173. [More Information]
  • Naemi, R., Easson, W., Sanders, R. (2010). Hydrodynamic glide efficiency in swimming. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(4), 444-451. [More Information]
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Moir, G., Sanders, R. (2010). Measures of reliability in the kinematics of maximal undulatory underwater swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(4), 762-770. [More Information]
  • Machtsiras, G., Sanders, R. (2010). Report to Waterford Swimming Club.
  • Sanders, R., Dunn, J. (2010). The Bologna Accord: A Model of Cooperation and Coordination. Quest (Champaign), 62(1), 92-105.
  • Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., Connaboy, C., McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2010). Three-dimensional analysis of intracycle velocity fluctuations in front crawl swimming. Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine and Science In Sports, 20(1), 128-135. [More Information]

2009

  • Sanders, R., Li, S., Hamill, J. (2009). Adjustment to change in familiar and unfamiliar task constraints. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(6), 651-659. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009). Are Sprint and Distance Freestyle Swimmers Technically Different? Unknown, , 1-8.
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009), Are sprint and distance swimmers technically Different.
  • Sanders, R. (2009). Green swimming: Getting into the energy saving rhythm. The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Connaboy, C., Coleman, S., Sanders, R. (2009). Hydrodynamics of undulatory underwater swimming: A review. Sports Biomechanics, 8(4), 360-380. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S. (2009). Rolling rhythms in front crawl swimmming with six-beat kick. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(3), 273-279. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2009). Sprint and distance swimmers: The same animal? The 27th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS 2009), Ireland: University of Limerick.
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2009). Validity of the use of a fixed point for intracycle velocity calculations in swimming. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(2), 262-265. [More Information]

2008

  • Naemi, R., Sanders, R. (2008). A "hydrokinematic" method of measuring the glide efficiency of a human swimmer. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 130(6), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., McCabe, C. (2008). Advancing swimming science with CARE. 5th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology 2008 - Kinesiology Research Trends and Applications, Zagreb, Croatia: Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
  • Sanders, R. (2008). Deriving three-dimensional forces and torques in swimming. 13th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science ECSS 2008, France: European College of Sports Science.
  • Sanders, R., Naemi, R., Goodwill, S., Haake, S. (2008). Report to EPSRC and UKSport on the funded development of 'Glide Coach'.
  • Cotterill, S., Sanders, R., Collins, D. (2008). Representative experimental design issues in observing golfer pre-performance routine behaviour. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41(4), 403-415.
  • Psycharakis, S., Sanders, R. (2008). Shoulder and hip roll changes during 200m front crawl swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(12), 2129-2136. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., Naemi, R., McCabe, C., Machtsiras, G. (2008). Swimming. In Youlian Hong, Roger Bartlett (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Biomechanics and Human Movement in Science, (pp. 323-339). London: Routledge.

2007

  • Sanders, R. (2007). Kinematics, coordination, variability, and biological noise in the prone flutter kick at different levels of a "learn-to-swim" programme. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(2), 213-227. [More Information]
  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2007). Report to Nth Ireland Commonwealth Games Squad: Poolside video analysis of swimming technique.
  • Moir, G., Sanders, R., Button, C., Glaister, M. (2007). The effect of periodized resistance training on accelerative sprint performance. Sports Biomechanics, 6(3), 285-300. [More Information]

2006

  • McCabe, C., Sanders, R. (2006). Poolside video Analysis of technique.

2005

  • Burnett, A., Naumann, F., Price, R., Sanders, R. (2005). A comparison of training methods to increase neck muscle strength. Work, 25(3), 205-210.
  • Sanders, R., Sanders, L. (2005). Biomechanics teachers can be animals. Sports Biomechanics, 4(2), 245-268. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Psycharakis, S., McCabe, C., Naemi, R., Li, S. (2005). Report to Nth Ireland Commonwealth Games Squad: Poolside video analysis of swimming technique.
  • Sanders, R. (2005). Report to Nth Lanarkshire. Poolside video analysis of technique.
  • Moir, G., Sanders, R., Button, C., Glaister, M. (2005). The Influence of Familiarization on the Reliability of Force Variables Measured During Unloaded and Loaded Verticle Jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 140-145. [More Information]

2004

  • Sanders, R. (2004). Biomechanical Analyses in Physical Education. In Jan Wright, Doune MacDonald and Lisette Burrows (Eds.), Critical inquiry and problem-solving in physical education, (pp. 159-170). New York: Routledge.
  • Myers, K., Sanders, R. (2004). Skill Development in Backstroke Kicking: Implications for Instructors.
  • Myers, K., Sanders, R. (2004). Skill Development in Freestyle Kicking: Implications for Instructors.
  • Sanders, R., Burnett, A. (2004). Technique and timing in women's and men's reverse one and one half somersault with two and one half twists (5335D) and men's reverse one and one half somersault with three and one half twists (5337D) 3 m springboard dives. Sports Biomechanics, 3(1), 29-41.

2003

  • Button, C., MacLeod, M., Sanders, R., Coleman, S. (2003). Examining movement variability in the basketball free-throw action at different skill levels. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74(3), 257-269.
  • Sanders, R., Button, C. (2003). Is a sporting background a help or hindrance when learning the golf swing? Leistungssport, 33(3), 33-39.
  • Sanders, R., Bruce, D., Ferrier, B. (2003). Report to British IM during squad camp.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2003). Technique and timing in the women's backward two and one half somersault tuck (205C). Sports Biomechanics, 2(1), 73-84.
  • Sanders, R., Burnett, A. (2003). Technique and timing in the women's inward two and one half somersault tuck. Sports Biomechanics, 2(2), 251-265.

2002

  • Stone, M., Moir, G., Glaister, M., Sanders, R. (2002). How much strength is necessary? Physical Therapy in Sport, 3, 88-96. [More Information]
  • Shahbazi Moghaddem, M., Sanders, R. (2002). Kinematical approaches for hydrodynamic force assessments. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(9), 895-902. [More Information]
  • Sanders, R., Bruce, D., Ferrier, B. (2002). Quantitive feedback on starts. British Individual Medley Squad.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B., Prassas, S. (2002). Technique and timing in the women's reverse two and one half somersault tuck (305C) and the men's reverse two and one half somersault pike (305B) 3m springboard dives. Sports Biomechanics, 1(2), 193-212.

2001

  • Sanders, R. (2001). Biomechanical Analysis: Confidential Report for Scottish Institute of Sport Swimming.
  • Malone, L., Sanders, R., Schiltz, J., Steadword, R. (2001). Effects of visual impairment on stroke parameters in Paralympic swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(12), 2098-2103.
  • Sanders, R., Ferrier, B., Li, S. (2001). Quanative feedback on Timing and Technique in Diving: FINA Grand Prix Manchester.

2000

  • Takagi, H., Sanders, R. (2000). Hydrodynamics makes a splash. Physics World, 13(9), 39-44.
  • Sanders, R., Gibson, B. (2000). Technique and timing in the women's firward two and one half somersault pike and men's three and one half somersault pike 3m springboard dives. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3(4), 434-448.

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