Professor Ben Saul

BA (Hons) LLB (Hons) (Sydney) DPhil (Oxford)
Professor of International Law
Australian Research Council Future Fellow

F10 - Law School (Camperdown)
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 0354
Fax +61 2 9351 0200

Website Papers on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN)

Biographical details

Dr Ben Saul is Professor of International Law and an Australian Research Council Future Fellow at the University of Sydney. Ben is internationally recognised as a leading expert on global counter-terrorism law, human rights, the law of war, and international crimes. He has published 10 books, 70 scholarly articles, and hundreds of other publications and presentations, and his research has been used in various national and international courts. Ben has taught law at Oxford, the Hague Academy of International Law and in China, India, Nepal and Cambodia, and has been a visiting professor at Harvard Law School. Ben practises as a barrister in international and national courts, has advised various United Nations bodies and foreign governments, has delivered foreign aid projects, and often appears in the media. He has a doctorate in law from Oxford and honours in Arts and Law from Sydney.

Further Details

Ben's experience in legal practice includes cases in the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, UN Human Rights Committee, UN Special Tribunal for Lebanon, Inter-American Court of Human Rights and numerous national legal systems (including matters involving in South Africa, Peru, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Israel, Turkey, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Macedonia, Fiji and the United States). Some of his cases have included the Israel security wall, Guantanamo Bay detainee David Hicks, the Balibo Five war crimes inquest, security deportee Sheikh Mansour Leghaei, and 50 refugees indefinitely detained for security reasons.

Ben has advised various international organisations (such as UNHCR, UNESCO, UN human rights bodies and the International Committee of the Red Cross), numerous governments (including the United Kingdom, Iraq, Kuwait, Algeria, Laos, Nepal and Bhutan), and NGOs (such as Amnesty International, Médecins Sans Frontières and the International Commission of Jurists). His media appearances include the BBC, CNN, ABC, Radio France, Voice of America, Al Jazeera, Radio Free Europe, The Economist, The Guardian, Le Monde, China Daily, Xinhua, The Huffington Post, Voice of Russia, El Pais, South China Morning Post, Straights Times, Al-Ahram, Haaretz, The Australian, and the Sydney Morning Herald).

Previously Ben was Director of the Sydney Centre for International Law, Editor in Chief of the Australian International Law Journal, a member of the International Law Association's International Committee for the Victims of War, President of Australia's Refugee Advice and Casework Service, a member of NSW Legal Aid's Human Rights Committee, and Vice-President of Sydney PEN. He formerly worked at the Australian Law Reform Commission.

Research interests

  • Public international law
  • Counter-Terrorism law
  • International humanitarian law
  • International law on the use of force
  • International criminal law
  • International human rights law
  • International environmental law
  • Law and development

Associations

  • Barrister, NSW

PhD and master's project opportunities

Selected grants

2013

  • Making Rights Real: A Regional, Comparative Approach to Disability and Children's Rights in International Law.; Crock M, Cashmore J, McCallum R, Saul B; DVC International/IPDF Grant.

2012

  • The Emerging International Law of Terrorism; Saul B; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Future Fellowships (FT).
  • Protection of Refugees with Disabilities in Camp Situations; Crock M, McCallum R, Saul B; Australian Agency for International Development (AUSAID)/Australian Development Research Awards.
  • Terrorism and the International Law of Armed Conflict; Saul B; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2011

  • Mekong Laws: Scales, Sites and Impacts of ‘Hard’ and ‘Soft’ Law in Mekong River Basin Governance; Johns F, Saul B, Hirsch P, Boer B; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Mekong Laws: Scales, Sites and Impacts of Hard and Soft Law in Mekong River Basin Governance; Johns F, Saul B, Hirsch P, Boer B; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2010

  • Small mercies, big futures: enhancing law, policy and practice in the selection, protection and settlement of refugee children and youth LP100200596; Rubenstein K, Newman L, Kenny M, Gifford S, Crock M, Rubenstein K, Newman L, Gifford S, Saul B, Kenny M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2008

  • Safeguarding Human Rights in the Criminal Justice System in Nepal; Saul B, James P, Kinley D; Australian Agency for International Development (AUSAID)/Public Sector Linkages Program (PSLP) Asia.

Selected publications

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Books

  • Anthony, T., Behrendt, L., Saul, B. (2015). Indigenous Peoples in International and Comparative Law. United Kingdom: Hart Publishing Ltd.
  • Boer, B., Hirsch, P., Johns, F., Saul, B., Scurrah, N. (2015). The Mekong: A Socio-legal Approach to River Basin Development (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Saul, B., Kinley, D., Mowbray, J. (2014). The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Commentary, Cases, and Materials. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Saul, B., Sherwood, S., McAdam, J., Stephens, T., Slezak, J. (2012). Climate Change and Australia: Warming to the Global Challenge. Sydney: The Federation Press.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Defining Terrorism in International Law. UK: Oxford University Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B., Dastyari, A. (2006). Future Seekers II: Refugees and Irregular Migration in Australia. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B. (2002). Future Seekers: Refugees and the Law in Australia. Australia: Federation Press.

Edited Books

  • Saul, B., Stephens, T. (2015). Antarctica in International Law (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2015). The Travaux Preparatoires of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966 (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  • Saul, B., Renshaw, C. (2014). Human Rights in Asia and the Pacific: Critical Concepts in Asian Studies Volumes I - IV. United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Saul, B. (2014). Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Nasu, H., Saul, B. (2013). Human Rights in the Asia Pacific Region: Towards Institution Building. Routledge.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Terrorism. Oxford: Hart Publishing.

Book Chapters

  • Saul, B. (2016). Australia and International Counter-Terrorism Law and Practice (Forthcoming). In D Rothwell (Eds.), International Law in Australia. Australia: Thomson Reuters.
  • Saul, B., Heath, K. (2014). Cyber Terrorism (Forthcoming). In Russell Buchan, Nicholas Tsagourias (Eds.), Research Handbook on Cyber Space and International Law. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2014). Security and Fairness in Australian Public Law. In M Groves (Eds.), Modern Administrative Law in Australia: Concepts and Context, (pp. 93-118). Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2014). Terrorism (Forthcoming). In Neil Boister, Robert Currie (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law. United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Saul, B. (2014). Terrorism and international humanitarian law. In B Saul (Eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, (pp. 208-231). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B., Flanagan, M. (2014). Torture and counter-terrorism. In B Saul (Eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, (pp. 379-400). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2013). Protecting Refugees in the Global 'War on Terror'. In James C. Hathaway (Eds.), Human Rights And Refugee Law, (pp. 356-378). Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2013). The Special Tribunal for Lebanon and Terrorism as an International Crime: Reflections on the Judicial Function. In William A. Schabas, Yvonne McDermott, Niamh Hayes (Eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to International Criminal Law: Critical Perspectives, (pp. 79-99). Farnham, United Kingdom: Ashgate.
  • Saul, B. (2013). Wikileaks: Information Messiah or Global Terrorist? In D. Baldino (Eds.), Spooked: The truth about intelligence in Australia, (pp. 207-239). Sydney, Australia: NewSouth Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Civilising the Exception: Universally Defining Terrorism. In A Masferrer (Eds.), Post 9/11 and the State of Permanent Legal Emergency: Security and Human Rights in Countering Terrorism, (pp. 79-100). Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Criminality and Terrorism. In A Salinas de Frias, K Samuel and N White (Eds.), Counter-Terrorism: International Law and Practice, (pp. 133-170). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Terrorism and international criminal law: questions of (in)coherence and (il)legitimacy. In G Boas, W Schabas and M Scharf (Eds.), International Criminal Justice: Legitimacy and Coherence, (pp. 190-230). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2012). The Emerging International Law of Terrorism. In B Saul (Eds.), Terrorism, (pp. 67-87). Oxford: Hart Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2011). '"Why do they hate us?".. They hate our freedoms': The globalisation of terrorism and counter-terrorism. In Shawkat Alam, Natalie Klein and Juliette Overland (Eds.), Globalisation and the Quest for Social and Environmental Justice: The Relevance of International Law in an Evolving World Order, (pp. 207-234). London & New York: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Saul, B., Mowbray, J., Baghoomians, I. (2011). Resistance to Regional Human Rights Cooperation in The Asia-Pacific: Demythologizing Regional Exceptionalism by Learning from the Americas, Europe and Africa. In H Nasu and B Saul (Eds.), Human Rights in the Asia-Pacific Region: Towards Institution Building, (pp. 107-126). United Kingdom: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • McAdam, J., Saul, B. (2010). An Insecure Climate for Human Security? Climate-Induced Displacement and International Law. In Alice Edwards and Carla Ferstman (Eds.), Human Security and Non-Citizens: Law, Policy and International Affairs, (pp. 357-403). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Climate Change and Resource Scarcity: Towards an International Law of Distributive Justice. In Rosemary Lyster (Eds.), In the Wilds of Climate Law, (pp. 71-96). Australia: Australian Academic Press.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Julius Stone and the Question of Palestine in International Law. In Helen Irving, Jacqueline Mowbray and Kevin Walton (Eds.), Julius Stone: A Study in Influence, (pp. 238-261). Sydney: The Federation Press.
  • Saul, B. (2009). The Equivalent Logic of Torture and Terrorism: Legal Regulation of Moral Monstrosity. In Stritzke, W; Lewandowsky, S; Denemark, D; Clare, J; Morgan (Eds.), Terrorism and Torture: An Interdisciplinary Perspective, (pp. 44-62). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2009). The Implementation of the Genocide Convention at the National Level. In Gaeta, Paola~ (Eds.), The UN Genocide Convention: A Commentary, (pp. 58-83). New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Branding Enemies: Regional Legal Responses to Terrorism in Asia. In HHL Roque (Eds.), Asia-Pacific Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, (pp. 110-134). The Philippines: Institute of International Legal Studies.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Foreword. In P Rainey & B Saul (Eds.), Youth Writes: An Anthology of Young Australians' Writing. The Youth Writes Committee.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Forgiving Terrorism: Trading Justice for Peace, or Imperiling the Peace? In Gani, M and Mathew, P (Eds.), Fresh Perspectives on the War on Terror, (pp. 189-206). Canberra: ANU E Press.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Wearing Thin: Restrictions on Islamic Headscarves and Other Religious Symbols. In Jane McAdam (Eds.), Forced Migration, Human Rights and Security, (pp. 181-212). Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Australian Administrative Law:The Human Rights Dimension. In Matthew Groves and H. P. Lee (Eds.), Australian Administrative Law: Fundamentals, Principles and Doctrines, (pp. 50-76). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Defining Terrorism to Protect Human Rights. In Deborah Staines (Eds.), Interrogating the War on Terror: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, (pp. 190-210). UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2007). The Curious Element of Motive in Definitions of Terrorism: Essential Ingredient or Criminalising Thought? In A. Lynch, E. MacDonald & G. Williams (Eds.), Law and Liberty in the War on Terror, (pp. 28-38). Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B. (2002). Nation Skilling: Immigration, Labour and the Law. In Mary Crock and Kerry Lyon (Eds.), Nation Skilling: Migration, Labour and the Law in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, (pp. 1-11). Sydney Australia: Desert Pea Press.

Journals

  • Hart, N., Crock, M., McCallum, R., Saul, B. (2014). Making Every Life Count: Ensuring Equality and Protection for Persons with Disabilities in Armed Conflicts. Monash University Law Review, 40(1), 148-174.
  • Smith-Khan, L., Crock, M., Saul, B., McCallum, R. (2014). To 'Promote, Protect and Ensure': Overcoming Obstacles to Identifying Disability in Forced Migration (Forthcoming). Journal of Refugee Studies. [More Information]
  • Saul, B. (2013). China, Natural Resources, Sovereignty and International Law. Asian Studies Review, 37(2), 196-214. [More Information]
  • Saul, B. (2013). Indefinite Security Detention and Refugee Children and Families in Australia: International Human Rights Law Dimensions. Australian International Law Journal, 20, 55-75.
  • Saul, B. (2012). 'Fair Shake of the Sauce Bottle': Fairer ASIO security assessments of refugees. Alternative Law Journal, 37(4), 221-227.
  • Saul, B., Baghoomians, I. (2012). An Experiential International Law Field School in the Sky: Learning Human Rights and Development in the Himalayas. Legal Education Review, 22(2), 273-315.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Dark Justice: Australia's Indefinite Detention of Refugees on Security Grounds Under International Human Rights Law. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 13(2), 685-731.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Indigenous Peoples, Laws and Customs in the Teaching of Public and Private International Law. Ngiya: Talk the Law, 4, 63-78.
  • Saul, B., Stephens, T. (2012). Not Yet Out of the Woods: Australia's Attempt to Regulate Illegal Timber Imports and World Trade Organization Obligations. Australian International Law Journal, 19, 143-160.
  • Saul, B. (2012). The Security Risks of Climate Change Displacement in Bangladesh. Journal of Human Security, 8(2), 5-35.
  • Saul, B. (2011). Amicus Curiae Brief on the Notion of Terrorist Acts Submitted to the Appeals Chamber of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon Pursuant to Rule 131 of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence. Criminal Law Forum, 22(3), 365-388. [More Information]
  • McAdam, J., Saul, B. (2011). Displacement with Dignity: International Law and Policy Responses to Climate Change, Migration and Security in Bangladesh. German Yearbook of International Law, 53, 233-287.
  • Saul, B. (2011). Legislating from a Radical Hague: The United Nations Special Tribunal for Lebanon Invents an International Crime of Transnational Terrorism. Leiden Journal of International Law, 24(3), 677-700. [More Information]
  • Kinley, D., Saul, B. (2011). Review of Human Rights Education and Training in the Criminal Justice System in Nepal. Nepal Law Review.
  • Saul, B., Mowbray, J., Baghoomians, I. (2011). The Last Frontier of Human Rights Protection: Interrogating Resistance to Regional Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific. Australian International Law Journal, 18, 23-52.
  • Saul, B. (2011). Throwing Stones at Streetlights or Cuckolding Dictators? Australian Foreign Policy and Human Rights in the Developing World. The Round Table: Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, 100(415), 423-439. [More Information]
  • Saul, B. (2010). Hitoshi Nasu, International Law on Peacekeeping: A Study of Article 40 of the UN Charter (2009). Australian International Law Journal, 17, 291-292.
  • Johns, F., Saul, B., Hirsch, P., Stephens, T., Boer, B. (2010). Law and the Mekong River Basin: A Socio-Legal Research Agenda on the Role of Hard and Soft Law in Regulating Transboundary Water Resources. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 11(1), 154-174.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Migrating to Australia with Disabilities: Non-Discrimination and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Australian Journal of Human Rights, 16(1), 63-104.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Phil Clark, The Gacaca Courts, Post-Genocide Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda: Justice Without Lawyers. Australian International Law Journal, 17, 299-302.
  • Saul, B. (2010). The Emerging International Law of Terrorism. Indian Yearbook of International Law and Policy 2009, 1, 163-192.
  • Saul, B. (2010). The Kafka-esque Case of Sheikh Mansour Leghaei: The Denial of the International Human Right to a Fair Hearing in National Security Assessments and Migration Proceedings in Australia. University of New South Wales Law Journal, 33(3), 629-661.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Waiting for Dignity in Australia: Migrant Rights to Social Security and Disability Support under International Human Rights Law. UCL Human Rights Review, 3(October 2010), 72-108.
  • Saul, B. (2009). Book Review: Human Rights and Non-Discrimination in the 'War on Terror' by Daniel Moeckli. The Modern Law Review, 72(3), 314-317.
  • Saul, B. (2009). Book Review: Neil Boister and Robert Cryer, The Tokyo International Military Tribunal: A Reappraisal (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008), ISBN 978-0-19-927852-7, 358 pages. Australian International Law Journal, 16, 295-299.
  • Saul, B. (2009). Climate Change, Conflict and Security: International Law Challenges. New Zealand Armed Forces Law Review, 9, 1-20.
  • Saul, B. (2009). Prosecuting War Crimes at Balibo Under Australian Law: The Killing of Five Journalists in East Timor by Indonesia. Sydney Law Review, 31(1), 83-120.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Book Review - Law in Times of Crisis: Emergency Powers in Theory and Practice by Oren Gross & Fionnuala Ni Aolain. Irish Yearbook of International Law.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Protecting Refugees in the Global 'War on Terror'. Indian Juridical Review, 2008 (1), 13-35.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Terrorism as Crime or War: Militarising Crime and Disrupting the Constitutional Settlement? Public Law Review, 19(1), 20-31.
  • Saul, B. (2008). The International Protection of Journalists in Armed Conflict and Other Violent Situations. Australian Journal of Human Rights, 14(1), 99-140.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Book Review: Stephen Grey's 'Ghost Plane: The Untold Story of the CIA's Torture Programme' Scribe: Melbourne 2007. Law Society Journal, (45) 6, 82-83.
  • Saul, B. (2007). From the Guest Editor: Building the Law on Genocide. Journal of Genocide Research, 9(2), 173-175.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Response to Dannielle Celemajer's "Are we entereing a post human rights era?". Human Rights Defender, 16(1), 22.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Book review: Peter Reddy, Torture: What You Need to Know. Law Society Journal, 44(9), 95.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Censorship of Religious Texts: The Limits of Pluralism. The U T S Law Review, 8, 49-65.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Defending 'Terrorism': Justifications and Excuses for Terrorism in International Criminal Law. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 25, 177-226.
  • Saul, B. (2006). The Dangers of the United Nations' "New Security Agenda": "Human Security" in the Asia-Pacific Region. Asian Journal of Comparative Law, 1(1), 1-35. [More Information]
  • Saul, B. (2006). The Legal Response of the League of Nations to Terrorism. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 4(1), 78-102.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Attempts to Define 'Terrorism' in International Law. Netherlands International Law Review, 52(1), 57-83.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Crimes and Prohibitions of 'Terror' and 'Terrorism' in Armed Conflict: 1919-2005. Humanitares Volkerrecht Informationsschriften, 4, 264.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Defining Terrorism to Protect Human Rights. Human Rights Defender, 14(2), 2.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Definition of 'Terrorism' in the UN Security Council: 1985-2004. Chinese Journal of International Law, 4(1), 141-166.
  • Saul, B. (2005). In Fear of Freedom. Human Rights Defender, 2005, 9.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Preventing Communal Violence? Blurring Sedition, Vilification and Terrorism (2005 Special Issue). Human Rights Defender, 2005, 15.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Speaking of Terror: Criminalising Incitement to Violence. University of New South Wales Law Journal, 28(3), 868-886.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Two Justifications for Terrorism: A Moral Legal Response. Alternative Law Journal, 30(5), 219-221.
  • Saul, B. (2004). Compensation for Unlawful Death in International Law: A Focus on the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. American University International Law Review, 19(3), 523-585.
  • Saul, B. (2004). Torturing terrorists after September 11. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 27(6), 645-670.
  • Saul, B. (2003). International Terrorism as a European Crime: The Policy Rationale for Criminalization. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 11(4), 323-349.
  • Saul, B. (2003). The Legality of the Use of Force Against Iraq in 2003: Did the Coalition Defend or Defy the United Nations? U C L A Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs, 8(2), 267-329.
  • Saul, B. (2002). Election Violence in Sri Lanka: Implementing the Right to a Free and Fair Election. Asia Pacific Journal on Human Rights and the Law, 3(1), 1-39.
  • Saul, B. (2002). Legal Professional Privilege - Balancing Law Enforcement Against Protecting the Regulated. Law Institute Journal, 76(2), 68-99.
  • Saul, B. (2001). Genetic Policing: Forensic DNA Testing in NSW. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 13(1), 74-109.
  • Saul, B. (2001). In the Shadow of Human Rights: Human duties, obligations and responsibilities. Columbia Human Rights Law Review, 32.3, 565-624.
  • Saul, B. (2001). Privilege against Self-incrimination in Federal Regulation. Reform.
  • Saul, B. (2001). Removing Legal Professional Privilege: A policy imperative? Law Society Journal, 39(9), 67.
  • Saul, B. (2001). Was the conflict in East Timor 'genocide' and why does it matter? Melbourne Journal of International Law, 2(2), 477-522.

Conferences

  • Saul, B. (2007). Apologist, Formalist or Jurist Par Excellence: Julius Stone and the Question of Palestine in International Law. Julius Stone Centenary Conference (2007), Sydney, Australia: Julius Stone Institute of Jurisprudence.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Is there an Asian International Law? Asian Law Institute Annual Conference (2007), Jakarta, Indonesia: Asian Law Institute.
  • Saul, B. (2007). The Equivalent Logic of Torture and Terrorism: The Legal Regulation of Moral Monstrosity. Symposium on Terrorism and Torture, Perth: Institute of Advanced Studies.
  • Saul, B. (2007). The Legal Cornerstone: Competing Definitions of Terrorism. Law and Liberty in the War on Terrorism International Conference, Sydney: University of New South Wales.
  • Saul, B. (2007). What is the International Rule of Law and Does It Need Restoring? Australian New Zealand Society of International Law Fifteenth Annual Conference, Canberra: Australian New Zealand Society of International Law.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Regional Legal Responses to Terrorism: ASEAN, SAARC and Beyond. Asian Law Institute 3rd Annual Conference (2006), Shanghai, China: Asian Law Institute.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Regional Security Co-operation in the Asia-Pacific Region: from Terrorism to Human Security. Australia New Zealand Society of International Law Conference, Wellington, New Zealand: Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Roundtable Discussion: Anti-Terrorism Law and Academic Research. College of Asia and the Pacific, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Roundtable Discussion: Immigration and Race in the War on Terror. UK-Australia Roundtable on Legal Responses to Terrorism, London, England: Presentation.

Magazine / Newspaper Articles

  • Saul, B. (2006). A Casual Global Citizen?: Australia's Role in the UN Oil for Food Program. Human Rights Defender, 15(2).
  • Saul, B. (2006). The Politics of Punishment: Banning Terrorist Organisations. The Blade, August 2006.

Report

  • Saul, B. (2006). Reasons for Defining and Criminalizing Terrorism in International Law. Sydney Law School Research Paper No. 08/121.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B., Ruddock, P., Yale-Loehr, S., Hoashi-Erhardt, C., Martin, S., Lowell, B., Martin, P., Hugo, G., McCallum, R., Vann, R., Allars, M., et al (2002). NationSkilling: Migration, Labour and the Law.

Other

  • Saul, B. (2014), International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages: New York, 17 December 1979 - Introductory Note. [More Information]
  • Saul, B. (2006), Moderator: Speaking of Rights and Liberties in an Age of Terrorism.
  • Saul, B. (2005), Forum Convenor: Australia's New CounterTerrorism Laws. Speak Up for Democracy.
  • Saul, B. (2005), Moderator: United Nations Reform: A Public Seminar.

2016

  • Saul, B. (2016). Australia and International Counter-Terrorism Law and Practice (Forthcoming). In D Rothwell (Eds.), International Law in Australia. Australia: Thomson Reuters.

2015

  • Saul, B., Stephens, T. (2015). Antarctica in International Law (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Anthony, T., Behrendt, L., Saul, B. (2015). Indigenous Peoples in International and Comparative Law. United Kingdom: Hart Publishing Ltd.
  • Boer, B., Hirsch, P., Johns, F., Saul, B., Scurrah, N. (2015). The Mekong: A Socio-legal Approach to River Basin Development (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Saul, B. (2015). The Travaux Preparatoires of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966 (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

2014

  • Saul, B., Heath, K. (2014). Cyber Terrorism (Forthcoming). In Russell Buchan, Nicholas Tsagourias (Eds.), Research Handbook on Cyber Space and International Law. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B., Renshaw, C. (2014). Human Rights in Asia and the Pacific: Critical Concepts in Asian Studies Volumes I - IV. United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Saul, B. (2014), International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages: New York, 17 December 1979 - Introductory Note. [More Information]
  • Hart, N., Crock, M., McCallum, R., Saul, B. (2014). Making Every Life Count: Ensuring Equality and Protection for Persons with Disabilities in Armed Conflicts. Monash University Law Review, 40(1), 148-174.
  • Saul, B. (2014). Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2014). Security and Fairness in Australian Public Law. In M Groves (Eds.), Modern Administrative Law in Australia: Concepts and Context, (pp. 93-118). Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2014). Terrorism (Forthcoming). In Neil Boister, Robert Currie (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law. United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Saul, B. (2014). Terrorism and international humanitarian law. In B Saul (Eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, (pp. 208-231). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B., Kinley, D., Mowbray, J. (2014). The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Commentary, Cases, and Materials. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Smith-Khan, L., Crock, M., Saul, B., McCallum, R. (2014). To 'Promote, Protect and Ensure': Overcoming Obstacles to Identifying Disability in Forced Migration (Forthcoming). Journal of Refugee Studies. [More Information]
  • Saul, B., Flanagan, M. (2014). Torture and counter-terrorism. In B Saul (Eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, (pp. 379-400). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

2013

  • Saul, B. (2013). China, Natural Resources, Sovereignty and International Law. Asian Studies Review, 37(2), 196-214. [More Information]
  • Nasu, H., Saul, B. (2013). Human Rights in the Asia Pacific Region: Towards Institution Building. Routledge.
  • Saul, B. (2013). Indefinite Security Detention and Refugee Children and Families in Australia: International Human Rights Law Dimensions. Australian International Law Journal, 20, 55-75.
  • Saul, B. (2013). Protecting Refugees in the Global 'War on Terror'. In James C. Hathaway (Eds.), Human Rights And Refugee Law, (pp. 356-378). Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2013). The Special Tribunal for Lebanon and Terrorism as an International Crime: Reflections on the Judicial Function. In William A. Schabas, Yvonne McDermott, Niamh Hayes (Eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to International Criminal Law: Critical Perspectives, (pp. 79-99). Farnham, United Kingdom: Ashgate.
  • Saul, B. (2013). Wikileaks: Information Messiah or Global Terrorist? In D. Baldino (Eds.), Spooked: The truth about intelligence in Australia, (pp. 207-239). Sydney, Australia: NewSouth Publishing.

2012

  • Saul, B. (2012). 'Fair Shake of the Sauce Bottle': Fairer ASIO security assessments of refugees. Alternative Law Journal, 37(4), 221-227.
  • Saul, B., Baghoomians, I. (2012). An Experiential International Law Field School in the Sky: Learning Human Rights and Development in the Himalayas. Legal Education Review, 22(2), 273-315.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Civilising the Exception: Universally Defining Terrorism. In A Masferrer (Eds.), Post 9/11 and the State of Permanent Legal Emergency: Security and Human Rights in Countering Terrorism, (pp. 79-100). Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Saul, B., Sherwood, S., McAdam, J., Stephens, T., Slezak, J. (2012). Climate Change and Australia: Warming to the Global Challenge. Sydney: The Federation Press.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Criminality and Terrorism. In A Salinas de Frias, K Samuel and N White (Eds.), Counter-Terrorism: International Law and Practice, (pp. 133-170). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Dark Justice: Australia's Indefinite Detention of Refugees on Security Grounds Under International Human Rights Law. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 13(2), 685-731.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Indigenous Peoples, Laws and Customs in the Teaching of Public and Private International Law. Ngiya: Talk the Law, 4, 63-78.
  • Saul, B., Stephens, T. (2012). Not Yet Out of the Woods: Australia's Attempt to Regulate Illegal Timber Imports and World Trade Organization Obligations. Australian International Law Journal, 19, 143-160.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Terrorism. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2012). Terrorism and international criminal law: questions of (in)coherence and (il)legitimacy. In G Boas, W Schabas and M Scharf (Eds.), International Criminal Justice: Legitimacy and Coherence, (pp. 190-230). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2012). The Emerging International Law of Terrorism. In B Saul (Eds.), Terrorism, (pp. 67-87). Oxford: Hart Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2012). The Security Risks of Climate Change Displacement in Bangladesh. Journal of Human Security, 8(2), 5-35.

2011

  • Saul, B. (2011). '"Why do they hate us?".. They hate our freedoms': The globalisation of terrorism and counter-terrorism. In Shawkat Alam, Natalie Klein and Juliette Overland (Eds.), Globalisation and the Quest for Social and Environmental Justice: The Relevance of International Law in an Evolving World Order, (pp. 207-234). London & New York: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Saul, B. (2011). Amicus Curiae Brief on the Notion of Terrorist Acts Submitted to the Appeals Chamber of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon Pursuant to Rule 131 of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence. Criminal Law Forum, 22(3), 365-388. [More Information]
  • McAdam, J., Saul, B. (2011). Displacement with Dignity: International Law and Policy Responses to Climate Change, Migration and Security in Bangladesh. German Yearbook of International Law, 53, 233-287.
  • Saul, B. (2011). Legislating from a Radical Hague: The United Nations Special Tribunal for Lebanon Invents an International Crime of Transnational Terrorism. Leiden Journal of International Law, 24(3), 677-700. [More Information]
  • Saul, B., Mowbray, J., Baghoomians, I. (2011). Resistance to Regional Human Rights Cooperation in The Asia-Pacific: Demythologizing Regional Exceptionalism by Learning from the Americas, Europe and Africa. In H Nasu and B Saul (Eds.), Human Rights in the Asia-Pacific Region: Towards Institution Building, (pp. 107-126). United Kingdom: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Kinley, D., Saul, B. (2011). Review of Human Rights Education and Training in the Criminal Justice System in Nepal. Nepal Law Review.
  • Saul, B., Mowbray, J., Baghoomians, I. (2011). The Last Frontier of Human Rights Protection: Interrogating Resistance to Regional Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific. Australian International Law Journal, 18, 23-52.
  • Saul, B. (2011). Throwing Stones at Streetlights or Cuckolding Dictators? Australian Foreign Policy and Human Rights in the Developing World. The Round Table: Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, 100(415), 423-439. [More Information]

2010

  • McAdam, J., Saul, B. (2010). An Insecure Climate for Human Security? Climate-Induced Displacement and International Law. In Alice Edwards and Carla Ferstman (Eds.), Human Security and Non-Citizens: Law, Policy and International Affairs, (pp. 357-403). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Climate Change and Resource Scarcity: Towards an International Law of Distributive Justice. In Rosemary Lyster (Eds.), In the Wilds of Climate Law, (pp. 71-96). Australia: Australian Academic Press.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Hitoshi Nasu, International Law on Peacekeeping: A Study of Article 40 of the UN Charter (2009). Australian International Law Journal, 17, 291-292.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Julius Stone and the Question of Palestine in International Law. In Helen Irving, Jacqueline Mowbray and Kevin Walton (Eds.), Julius Stone: A Study in Influence, (pp. 238-261). Sydney: The Federation Press.
  • Johns, F., Saul, B., Hirsch, P., Stephens, T., Boer, B. (2010). Law and the Mekong River Basin: A Socio-Legal Research Agenda on the Role of Hard and Soft Law in Regulating Transboundary Water Resources. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 11(1), 154-174.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Migrating to Australia with Disabilities: Non-Discrimination and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Australian Journal of Human Rights, 16(1), 63-104.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Phil Clark, The Gacaca Courts, Post-Genocide Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda: Justice Without Lawyers. Australian International Law Journal, 17, 299-302.
  • Saul, B. (2010). The Emerging International Law of Terrorism. Indian Yearbook of International Law and Policy 2009, 1, 163-192.
  • Saul, B. (2010). The Kafka-esque Case of Sheikh Mansour Leghaei: The Denial of the International Human Right to a Fair Hearing in National Security Assessments and Migration Proceedings in Australia. University of New South Wales Law Journal, 33(3), 629-661.
  • Saul, B. (2010). Waiting for Dignity in Australia: Migrant Rights to Social Security and Disability Support under International Human Rights Law. UCL Human Rights Review, 3(October 2010), 72-108.

2009

  • Saul, B. (2009). Book Review: Human Rights and Non-Discrimination in the 'War on Terror' by Daniel Moeckli. The Modern Law Review, 72(3), 314-317.
  • Saul, B. (2009). Book Review: Neil Boister and Robert Cryer, The Tokyo International Military Tribunal: A Reappraisal (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008), ISBN 978-0-19-927852-7, 358 pages. Australian International Law Journal, 16, 295-299.
  • Saul, B. (2009). Climate Change, Conflict and Security: International Law Challenges. New Zealand Armed Forces Law Review, 9, 1-20.
  • Saul, B. (2009). Prosecuting War Crimes at Balibo Under Australian Law: The Killing of Five Journalists in East Timor by Indonesia. Sydney Law Review, 31(1), 83-120.
  • Saul, B. (2009). The Equivalent Logic of Torture and Terrorism: Legal Regulation of Moral Monstrosity. In Stritzke, W; Lewandowsky, S; Denemark, D; Clare, J; Morgan (Eds.), Terrorism and Torture: An Interdisciplinary Perspective, (pp. 44-62). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2009). The Implementation of the Genocide Convention at the National Level. In Gaeta, Paola~ (Eds.), The UN Genocide Convention: A Commentary, (pp. 58-83). New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

2008

  • Saul, B. (2008). Book Review - Law in Times of Crisis: Emergency Powers in Theory and Practice by Oren Gross & Fionnuala Ni Aolain. Irish Yearbook of International Law.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Branding Enemies: Regional Legal Responses to Terrorism in Asia. In HHL Roque (Eds.), Asia-Pacific Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, (pp. 110-134). The Philippines: Institute of International Legal Studies.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Foreword. In P Rainey & B Saul (Eds.), Youth Writes: An Anthology of Young Australians' Writing. The Youth Writes Committee.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Forgiving Terrorism: Trading Justice for Peace, or Imperiling the Peace? In Gani, M and Mathew, P (Eds.), Fresh Perspectives on the War on Terror, (pp. 189-206). Canberra: ANU E Press.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Protecting Refugees in the Global 'War on Terror'. Indian Juridical Review, 2008 (1), 13-35.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Terrorism as Crime or War: Militarising Crime and Disrupting the Constitutional Settlement? Public Law Review, 19(1), 20-31.
  • Saul, B. (2008). The International Protection of Journalists in Armed Conflict and Other Violent Situations. Australian Journal of Human Rights, 14(1), 99-140.
  • Saul, B. (2008). Wearing Thin: Restrictions on Islamic Headscarves and Other Religious Symbols. In Jane McAdam (Eds.), Forced Migration, Human Rights and Security, (pp. 181-212). Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing.

2007

  • Saul, B. (2007). Apologist, Formalist or Jurist Par Excellence: Julius Stone and the Question of Palestine in International Law. Julius Stone Centenary Conference (2007), Sydney, Australia: Julius Stone Institute of Jurisprudence.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Australian Administrative Law:The Human Rights Dimension. In Matthew Groves and H. P. Lee (Eds.), Australian Administrative Law: Fundamentals, Principles and Doctrines, (pp. 50-76). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Book Review: Stephen Grey's 'Ghost Plane: The Untold Story of the CIA's Torture Programme' Scribe: Melbourne 2007. Law Society Journal, (45) 6, 82-83.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Defining Terrorism to Protect Human Rights. In Deborah Staines (Eds.), Interrogating the War on Terror: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, (pp. 190-210). UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Saul, B. (2007). From the Guest Editor: Building the Law on Genocide. Journal of Genocide Research, 9(2), 173-175.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Is there an Asian International Law? Asian Law Institute Annual Conference (2007), Jakarta, Indonesia: Asian Law Institute.
  • Saul, B. (2007). Response to Dannielle Celemajer's "Are we entereing a post human rights era?". Human Rights Defender, 16(1), 22.
  • Saul, B. (2007). The Curious Element of Motive in Definitions of Terrorism: Essential Ingredient or Criminalising Thought? In A. Lynch, E. MacDonald & G. Williams (Eds.), Law and Liberty in the War on Terror, (pp. 28-38). Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Saul, B. (2007). The Equivalent Logic of Torture and Terrorism: The Legal Regulation of Moral Monstrosity. Symposium on Terrorism and Torture, Perth: Institute of Advanced Studies.
  • Saul, B. (2007). The Legal Cornerstone: Competing Definitions of Terrorism. Law and Liberty in the War on Terrorism International Conference, Sydney: University of New South Wales.
  • Saul, B. (2007). What is the International Rule of Law and Does It Need Restoring? Australian New Zealand Society of International Law Fifteenth Annual Conference, Canberra: Australian New Zealand Society of International Law.

2006

  • Saul, B. (2006). A Casual Global Citizen?: Australia's Role in the UN Oil for Food Program. Human Rights Defender, 15(2).
  • Saul, B. (2006). Book review: Peter Reddy, Torture: What You Need to Know. Law Society Journal, 44(9), 95.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Censorship of Religious Texts: The Limits of Pluralism. The U T S Law Review, 8, 49-65.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Defending 'Terrorism': Justifications and Excuses for Terrorism in International Criminal Law. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 25, 177-226.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Defining Terrorism in International Law. UK: Oxford University Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B., Dastyari, A. (2006). Future Seekers II: Refugees and Irregular Migration in Australia. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Saul, B. (2006), Moderator: Speaking of Rights and Liberties in an Age of Terrorism.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Reasons for Defining and Criminalizing Terrorism in International Law. Sydney Law School Research Paper No. 08/121.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Regional Legal Responses to Terrorism: ASEAN, SAARC and Beyond. Asian Law Institute 3rd Annual Conference (2006), Shanghai, China: Asian Law Institute.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Regional Security Co-operation in the Asia-Pacific Region: from Terrorism to Human Security. Australia New Zealand Society of International Law Conference, Wellington, New Zealand: Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law.
  • Saul, B. (2006). Roundtable Discussion: Anti-Terrorism Law and Academic Research. College of Asia and the Pacific, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Saul, B. (2006). The Dangers of the United Nations' "New Security Agenda": "Human Security" in the Asia-Pacific Region. Asian Journal of Comparative Law, 1(1), 1-35. [More Information]
  • Saul, B. (2006). The Legal Response of the League of Nations to Terrorism. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 4(1), 78-102.
  • Saul, B. (2006). The Politics of Punishment: Banning Terrorist Organisations. The Blade, August 2006.

2005

  • Saul, B. (2005). Attempts to Define 'Terrorism' in International Law. Netherlands International Law Review, 52(1), 57-83.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Crimes and Prohibitions of 'Terror' and 'Terrorism' in Armed Conflict: 1919-2005. Humanitares Volkerrecht Informationsschriften, 4, 264.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Defining Terrorism to Protect Human Rights. Human Rights Defender, 14(2), 2.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Definition of 'Terrorism' in the UN Security Council: 1985-2004. Chinese Journal of International Law, 4(1), 141-166.
  • Saul, B. (2005), Forum Convenor: Australia's New CounterTerrorism Laws. Speak Up for Democracy.
  • Saul, B. (2005). In Fear of Freedom. Human Rights Defender, 2005, 9.
  • Saul, B. (2005), Moderator: United Nations Reform: A Public Seminar.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Preventing Communal Violence? Blurring Sedition, Vilification and Terrorism (2005 Special Issue). Human Rights Defender, 2005, 15.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Roundtable Discussion: Immigration and Race in the War on Terror. UK-Australia Roundtable on Legal Responses to Terrorism, London, England: Presentation.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Speaking of Terror: Criminalising Incitement to Violence. University of New South Wales Law Journal, 28(3), 868-886.
  • Saul, B. (2005). Two Justifications for Terrorism: A Moral Legal Response. Alternative Law Journal, 30(5), 219-221.

2004

  • Saul, B. (2004). Compensation for Unlawful Death in International Law: A Focus on the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. American University International Law Review, 19(3), 523-585.
  • Saul, B. (2004). Torturing terrorists after September 11. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 27(6), 645-670.

2003

  • Saul, B. (2003). International Terrorism as a European Crime: The Policy Rationale for Criminalization. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 11(4), 323-349.
  • Saul, B. (2003). The Legality of the Use of Force Against Iraq in 2003: Did the Coalition Defend or Defy the United Nations? U C L A Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs, 8(2), 267-329.

2002

  • Saul, B. (2002). Election Violence in Sri Lanka: Implementing the Right to a Free and Fair Election. Asia Pacific Journal on Human Rights and the Law, 3(1), 1-39.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B. (2002). Future Seekers: Refugees and the Law in Australia. Australia: Federation Press.
  • Saul, B. (2002). Legal Professional Privilege - Balancing Law Enforcement Against Protecting the Regulated. Law Institute Journal, 76(2), 68-99.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B. (2002). Nation Skilling: Immigration, Labour and the Law. In Mary Crock and Kerry Lyon (Eds.), Nation Skilling: Migration, Labour and the Law in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, (pp. 1-11). Sydney Australia: Desert Pea Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B., Ruddock, P., Yale-Loehr, S., Hoashi-Erhardt, C., Martin, S., Lowell, B., Martin, P., Hugo, G., McCallum, R., Vann, R., Allars, M., et al (2002). NationSkilling: Migration, Labour and the Law.

2001

  • Saul, B. (2001). Genetic Policing: Forensic DNA Testing in NSW. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 13(1), 74-109.
  • Saul, B. (2001). In the Shadow of Human Rights: Human duties, obligations and responsibilities. Columbia Human Rights Law Review, 32.3, 565-624.
  • Saul, B. (2001). Privilege against Self-incrimination in Federal Regulation. Reform.
  • Saul, B. (2001). Removing Legal Professional Privilege: A policy imperative? Law Society Journal, 39(9), 67.
  • Saul, B. (2001). Was the conflict in East Timor 'genocide' and why does it matter? Melbourne Journal of International Law, 2(2), 477-522.

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