Dr Emily Crawford

BA (Hons) LLB PhD (UNSW) GradCertEdStudies (Higher Ed) (Sydney)
Senior Lecturer
Director, Sydney Centre for International Law

F10 - Law School (Camperdown)
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 0464
Fax +61 2 9351 0200

Website Papers on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN)
Sydney Centre for International Law

Biographical details

Dr Emily Crawford is a senior lecturer and Director of the Sydney Centre for International Law (SCIL). Previously at the Law Faculty at the University of New South Wales, Emily completed her Arts and Law degrees before working as a researcher at the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, before returning to UNSW to undertake her PhD. Her doctoral thesis on the disparate treatment of participants in armed conflicts was published by Oxford University Press in 2010.

Emily has taught international law and international humanitarian law, and has delivered lectures both locally and overseas on international humanitarian law issues, including the training of military personnel on behalf of the Red Cross in Australia. A member of the International Law Association's Committee on Non-State Actors, as well as the NSW Red Cross IHL Committee, Emily's most recent research project examined major developments in the conduct of armed conflicts in the 21st century, such as cyber warfare, targeted killings, and the increasing presence of civilians directly participating in armed conflicts. The research project was published in 2015 by Oxford University Press as Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict.

Research interests

  • International law
  • International humanitarian law
  • International criminal law
  • Non-State actors

Teaching and supervision

  • Foundations of Law
  • Public International Law
  • International Humanitarian Law

Associations

Professional memberships

  • International Law Association (Australia)
  • Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law
  • American Society of International Law
  • European Society of International Law

Committee memberships

  • International Law Association Committee on Non-State Actors (2008-)
  • Australian Red Cross International Humanitarian Law Committee (NSW Branch, 2009-)

In the media

Radio interviews

  • “Edward Snowden and the Search for Asylum”, Monday Breakfast, 3CR Radio 855, 8 July 2013
  • “The Bradley Manning Trial: A Background”, Monday Daily, 2SER Radio 107.3, 3 June 2013
  • “Torture ‘OK’ for Many Australians”, The World Today, ABC Radio National, 12 August 2009

Selected grants

2011

  • Identifying the enemy under international law: New Wars, New Warriors; Crawford E, Saul B; DVC Research/Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Scheme.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Books

  • Crawford, E. (2015). Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  • Crawford, E., Pert, A. (2015). International Humanitarian Law. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Crawford, E. (2010). The Treatment of Combatants and Insurgents under the Law of Armed Conflict. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Book Chapters

  • Crawford, E. (2016). Combatants. In Rain Liivoja, Tim McCormack (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict, (pp. 123-138). United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Crawford, E. (2016). The Principle of Distinction and Remote Warfare (Forthcoming). In Jens David Ohlin (Eds.), Research Handbook on Remote Warfare. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crawford, E. (2016). The Temporal and Geographic Reach of International Humanitarian Law (Forthcoming). In Ben Saul, Dapo Akande (Eds.), Oxford Guide to International Humanitarian Law (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  • Crawford, E. (2014). International Humanitarian Law in the Courts of Australia. In Derek Jinks, Jackson N. Maogoto, Solon Solomon (Eds.), Applying International Humanitarian Law in Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Bodies: International and Domestic Aspects, (pp. 335-353). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.
  • Crawford, E. (2014). Terrorism and targeted killings under international law. In B Saul (Eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, (pp. 250-270). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Monism and Dualism - An Australian Perspective. In Marko Novakovic (Eds.), Basic Concepts of Public International Law - Monism and Dualism, (pp. 710-728). Belgrade: Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, et al.
  • Crawford, E., Rayfuse, R. (2012). Climate Change and Statehood. In R Rayfuse and S Scott (Eds.), International Law in the Era of Climate Change, (pp. 243-253). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Journals

  • Crawford, E. (2016). From Inter-state and Symmetric to Intra-state and Asymmetric: Changing Methods of Warfare and the Law of Armed Conflict in the 100 Years Since World War One. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, 17(2014), 95-118. [More Information]
  • Crawford, E. (2015). Book Review: Advanced introduction to international humanitarian law, by Robert Kolb, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2014, 264 pp., £75.00 (hardback), ISBN 978-1-78347-751-7. Global Change, Peace and Security, 27(3), 395-396. [More Information]
  • Crawford, E. (2015). Book Review: Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict, by Gilles Giacca, (Oxford University Press, 2014), 320 pages, hardback, £70, ISBN: 978-0-19-871744-7. European Human Rights Law Review, 2015 (5), 552-553.
  • Crawford, E., Davies, K. (2014). The International Protection of Journalists in Times of Armed Conflict: the Campaign for a Press Emblem. Wisconsin International Law Journal, 32(1).
  • Lewis, M., Crawford, E. (2013). Drones and Distinction: How IHL Encouraged the Rise of Drones. Georgetown Journal of International Law, 44(3), 1127-1166.
  • Davies, K., Crawford, E. (2013). Legal Avenues for Ending Impunity for the Death of Journalists in Conflict Zones: Current and Proposed International Agreements. International Journal of Communication, 7, 2157-2177.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Virtual Battlegrounds: Direct Participation in Cyber Warfare. I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, 9(1), 1-19.
  • Brown, S., Choi, S., Crawford, E., Schwartz, S., Stephens, T. (2012). Australian Cases before Australian Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2010. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 133-147.
  • Brown, S., Choi, S., Crawford, E., Schwartz, S., Stephens, T. (2012). Australian Cases before Australian Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2011. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 149-165.
  • Crawford, E., Stephens, T. (2012). Australian Cases before International Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2010. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 167-171.
  • Crawford, E., Hutton, G., Stephens, T. (2012). Australian Cases before International Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2011. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 173-177.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). International humanitarian law. Hot Topics: legal issues in plain language, 80, 1-27.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Regulating the Irregular: International Humanitarian Law and the Question of Civilian Participation in Armed Conflicts. U.C. Davis Journal of International Law and Policy, 18(1), 163-190.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Review: The Law of Targeting By William H Boothby. British Year Book of International Law, 83, 178-179. [More Information]
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Road to Nowhere? The Future for a Declaration on Fundamental Standards of Humanity. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 3(1), 43-72.
  • Crawford, E. (2009). Book Review: The Least Worst Place: Guantanamo's First 100 Days. Law and Politics Book Review, 19(10), 771-773.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Blurring the Lines between International and Non-International Armed Conflicts: The Evolution of Customary International Law Applicable in Internal Armed Conflicts. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 29-54.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Book Review: An Introduction to the International Law of Armed Conflicts. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 297-298.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Book Review: The Use of Nuclear Weapons and the Protection of the Environment during International Armed Conflict. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 299-300.
  • Crawford, E. (2007). Unequal before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction between International and Non-international Armed Conflicts. Leiden Journal of International Law, 20(2), 441-465.
  • Crawford, E. (2006). The Modern Relevance of the Martens Clause. Indian Society of International Law Yearbook of International Humanitarian and Refugee Law, 6, 1-18.

Conferences

  • Crawford, E. (2013). International Humanitarian Law: 2012 The Year in Review. Sydney Centre for International Law Conference: International Law: The Year in Review, Faculty of Law, University of Sydney: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Movable and Immovable Property in Armed Conflict - A Sliding Scale of Protection. Geneva/Harvard/Renmin/Sydney Universities Conference, University of Geneva: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Virtual Battlegrounds: Cyber warfare and the law of war. TC Beirne School of Law Research Seminar Series 2013: Semester 2, St Lucia, Qld: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Distinction, Targeting, and Direct Participation in Remote Warfare. 2012 ANZSIL Conference, Victoria University, Wellington: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Principle of Distinction and the Legality of Nuclear Weapons under International Law. Australian Red Cross and Flinders University Law School Conference: Make Nuclear Weapons the Target, Flinders University: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E., Lewis, M. (2012). Virtual Battlegrounds: Distinction, Targeting, and Computer-Based Warfare in the 21st Century. American Society of International Law Mid-Year Meeting – ASIL Research Forum, University of Georgia: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). Convergence of Norms across the Spectrum of Armed Conflicts – International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law. Detention of Non-State Actors Engaged in Hostilities – The Future Law, University of Wollongong: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). Cyber War – A Challenge to Distinction. 24th US Pacific Command Military Operations Conference, Gold Coast, Queensland: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). The Corporatization of Conflict – Private Military Companies and IHL. AFLANZ Conference, Law Faculty, University of Melbourne: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). The End of IHL: Regulating Irregular Participation in Armed Conflict. 2011 ANZSIL Conference, Australian National University: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2006). Unequal Before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction Between International and Non-International Armed Conflict. 2006 ANZSIL Postgraduate Workshop, ANZSIL Conference, Victoria University, Wellington: Presentation.

Magazine / Newspaper Articles

  • Thwaites, R., Crawford, E. (2015). Who exactly makes the call on conduct that revokes citizenship? New bill doesn't say. The Conversation. [More Information]

Other

  • Anton, D., Breau, S., Crawford, E., de Jong, A., Joseph, S., Kinley, D., Kyriakakis, J., Nolan, J., Stephens, T., Zagor, M. (2012), In the Supreme Court of the United States: Esther Kiobel, et al. v Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., et al. - Supplemental Brief Of Australian International Law Scholars, Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioners.

2016

  • Crawford, E. (2016). Combatants. In Rain Liivoja, Tim McCormack (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict, (pp. 123-138). United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Crawford, E. (2016). From Inter-state and Symmetric to Intra-state and Asymmetric: Changing Methods of Warfare and the Law of Armed Conflict in the 100 Years Since World War One. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, 17(2014), 95-118. [More Information]
  • Crawford, E. (2016). The Principle of Distinction and Remote Warfare (Forthcoming). In Jens David Ohlin (Eds.), Research Handbook on Remote Warfare. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crawford, E. (2016). The Temporal and Geographic Reach of International Humanitarian Law (Forthcoming). In Ben Saul, Dapo Akande (Eds.), Oxford Guide to International Humanitarian Law (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

2015

  • Crawford, E. (2015). Book Review: Advanced introduction to international humanitarian law, by Robert Kolb, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2014, 264 pp., £75.00 (hardback), ISBN 978-1-78347-751-7. Global Change, Peace and Security, 27(3), 395-396. [More Information]
  • Crawford, E. (2015). Book Review: Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict, by Gilles Giacca, (Oxford University Press, 2014), 320 pages, hardback, £70, ISBN: 978-0-19-871744-7. European Human Rights Law Review, 2015 (5), 552-553.
  • Crawford, E. (2015). Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  • Crawford, E., Pert, A. (2015). International Humanitarian Law. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Thwaites, R., Crawford, E. (2015). Who exactly makes the call on conduct that revokes citizenship? New bill doesn't say. The Conversation. [More Information]

2014

  • Crawford, E. (2014). International Humanitarian Law in the Courts of Australia. In Derek Jinks, Jackson N. Maogoto, Solon Solomon (Eds.), Applying International Humanitarian Law in Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Bodies: International and Domestic Aspects, (pp. 335-353). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.
  • Crawford, E. (2014). Terrorism and targeted killings under international law. In B Saul (Eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, (pp. 250-270). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crawford, E., Davies, K. (2014). The International Protection of Journalists in Times of Armed Conflict: the Campaign for a Press Emblem. Wisconsin International Law Journal, 32(1).

2013

  • Lewis, M., Crawford, E. (2013). Drones and Distinction: How IHL Encouraged the Rise of Drones. Georgetown Journal of International Law, 44(3), 1127-1166.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). International Humanitarian Law: 2012 The Year in Review. Sydney Centre for International Law Conference: International Law: The Year in Review, Faculty of Law, University of Sydney: Presentation.
  • Davies, K., Crawford, E. (2013). Legal Avenues for Ending Impunity for the Death of Journalists in Conflict Zones: Current and Proposed International Agreements. International Journal of Communication, 7, 2157-2177.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Monism and Dualism - An Australian Perspective. In Marko Novakovic (Eds.), Basic Concepts of Public International Law - Monism and Dualism, (pp. 710-728). Belgrade: Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, et al.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Movable and Immovable Property in Armed Conflict - A Sliding Scale of Protection. Geneva/Harvard/Renmin/Sydney Universities Conference, University of Geneva: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Virtual Battlegrounds: Cyber warfare and the law of war. TC Beirne School of Law Research Seminar Series 2013: Semester 2, St Lucia, Qld: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Virtual Battlegrounds: Direct Participation in Cyber Warfare. I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, 9(1), 1-19.

2012

  • Brown, S., Choi, S., Crawford, E., Schwartz, S., Stephens, T. (2012). Australian Cases before Australian Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2010. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 133-147.
  • Brown, S., Choi, S., Crawford, E., Schwartz, S., Stephens, T. (2012). Australian Cases before Australian Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2011. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 149-165.
  • Crawford, E., Stephens, T. (2012). Australian Cases before International Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2010. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 167-171.
  • Crawford, E., Hutton, G., Stephens, T. (2012). Australian Cases before International Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2011. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 173-177.
  • Crawford, E., Rayfuse, R. (2012). Climate Change and Statehood. In R Rayfuse and S Scott (Eds.), International Law in the Era of Climate Change, (pp. 243-253). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Distinction, Targeting, and Direct Participation in Remote Warfare. 2012 ANZSIL Conference, Victoria University, Wellington: Presentation.
  • Anton, D., Breau, S., Crawford, E., de Jong, A., Joseph, S., Kinley, D., Kyriakakis, J., Nolan, J., Stephens, T., Zagor, M. (2012), In the Supreme Court of the United States: Esther Kiobel, et al. v Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., et al. - Supplemental Brief Of Australian International Law Scholars, Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioners.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). International humanitarian law. Hot Topics: legal issues in plain language, 80, 1-27.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Principle of Distinction and the Legality of Nuclear Weapons under International Law. Australian Red Cross and Flinders University Law School Conference: Make Nuclear Weapons the Target, Flinders University: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Regulating the Irregular: International Humanitarian Law and the Question of Civilian Participation in Armed Conflicts. U.C. Davis Journal of International Law and Policy, 18(1), 163-190.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Review: The Law of Targeting By William H Boothby. British Year Book of International Law, 83, 178-179. [More Information]
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Road to Nowhere? The Future for a Declaration on Fundamental Standards of Humanity. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 3(1), 43-72.
  • Crawford, E., Lewis, M. (2012). Virtual Battlegrounds: Distinction, Targeting, and Computer-Based Warfare in the 21st Century. American Society of International Law Mid-Year Meeting – ASIL Research Forum, University of Georgia: Presentation.

2011

  • Crawford, E. (2011). Convergence of Norms across the Spectrum of Armed Conflicts – International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law. Detention of Non-State Actors Engaged in Hostilities – The Future Law, University of Wollongong: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). Cyber War – A Challenge to Distinction. 24th US Pacific Command Military Operations Conference, Gold Coast, Queensland: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). The Corporatization of Conflict – Private Military Companies and IHL. AFLANZ Conference, Law Faculty, University of Melbourne: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). The End of IHL: Regulating Irregular Participation in Armed Conflict. 2011 ANZSIL Conference, Australian National University: Presentation.

2010

  • Crawford, E. (2010). The Treatment of Combatants and Insurgents under the Law of Armed Conflict. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

2009

  • Crawford, E. (2009). Book Review: The Least Worst Place: Guantanamo's First 100 Days. Law and Politics Book Review, 19(10), 771-773.

2008

  • Crawford, E. (2008). Blurring the Lines between International and Non-International Armed Conflicts: The Evolution of Customary International Law Applicable in Internal Armed Conflicts. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 29-54.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Book Review: An Introduction to the International Law of Armed Conflicts. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 297-298.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Book Review: The Use of Nuclear Weapons and the Protection of the Environment during International Armed Conflict. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 299-300.

2007

  • Crawford, E. (2007). Unequal before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction between International and Non-international Armed Conflicts. Leiden Journal of International Law, 20(2), 441-465.

2006

  • Crawford, E. (2006). The Modern Relevance of the Martens Clause. Indian Society of International Law Yearbook of International Humanitarian and Refugee Law, 6, 1-18.
  • Crawford, E. (2006). Unequal Before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction Between International and Non-International Armed Conflict. 2006 ANZSIL Postgraduate Workshop, ANZSIL Conference, Victoria University, Wellington: Presentation.

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