Dr Emily Crawford

BA (Hons) LLB PhD (UNSW) GradCertEdStudies (Higher Ed) (Sydney)
Lecturer
Co-Director, Sydney Centre for International Law

F10 - Law School (Camperdown)
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 0464
Fax +61 2 9351 0200

Website Sydney Centre for International Law
Papers on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN)

Biographical details

Dr Emily Crawford is a lecturer and Co-Director of the Sydney Centre for International Law (SCIL). Previously at the Law Faculty at the University of New South Wales, Emily completed her Arts and Law degrees before working as a researcher at the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, before returning to UNSW to undertake her PhD. Her doctoral thesis on the disparate treatment of participants in armed conflicts was published by Oxford University Press in 2010.

Emily has taught international law and international humanitarian law, and has delivered lectures both locally and overseas on international humanitarian law issues, including the training of military personnel on behalf of the Red Cross in Australia. A member of the International Law Association's Committee on Non-State Actors, as well as the NSW Red Cross IHL Committee, Emily's current research project is looking at major developments in the conduct of armed conflicts in the 21st century, such as cyber warfare and targeted assassinations, and the implications for both domestic and international law.

Research interests

  • International law
  • International humanitarian law
  • International criminal law
  • Non-State actors

Teaching and supervision

  • Foundations of Law
  • Public International Law
  • International Humanitarian Law

Associations

Professional memberships

  • International Law Association (Australia)
  • Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law
  • American Society of International Law
  • European Society of International Law

Committee memberships

  • International Law Association Committee on Non-State Actors (2008-)
  • Australian Red Cross International Humanitarian Law Committee (NSW Branch, 2009-)

In the media

Radio interviews

  • “Edward Snowden and the Search for Asylum”, Monday Breakfast, 3CR Radio 855, 8 July 2013
  • “The Bradley Manning Trial: A Background”, Monday Daily, 2SER Radio 107.3, 3 June 2013
  • “Torture ‘OK’ for Many Australians”, The World Today, ABC Radio National, 12 August 2009

Selected grants

2011

  • Identifying the enemy under international law: New Wars, New Warriors; Crawford E, Saul B; DVC Research/Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Scheme.

Selected publications

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Books

  • Crawford, E. (2015). Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  • Crawford, E. (2010). The Treatment of Combatants and Insurgents under the Law of Armed Conflict. New York: Oxford University Press.

Book Chapters

  • Crawford, E. (2014). International Humanitarian Law in the Courts of Australia. In Derek Jinks, Jackson N. Maogoto, Solon Solomon (Eds.), Applying International Humanitarian Law in Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Bodies: International and Domestic Aspects, (pp. 335-354). Germany: Springer.
  • Crawford, E. (2014). Terrorism and targeted killings under international law. In B Saul (Eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, (pp. 250-270). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Monism and Dualism – An Australian Perspective. In Marko Novakovic (Eds.), Basic Concepts of Public International Law - Monism and Dualism, (pp. 710-728). Belgrade: Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, et al.
  • Crawford, E., Rayfuse, R. (2012). Climate Change and Statehood. In R Rayfuse and S Scott (Eds.), International Law in the Era of Climate Change, (pp. 243-253). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Journals

  • Crawford, E., Davies, K. (2014). The International Protection of Journalists in Times of Armed Conflict: the Campaign for a Press Emblem (Forthcoming). Wisconsin International Law Journal.
  • Brown, S., Choi, S., Crawford, E., Schwartz, S., Stephens, T. (2013). Australian Cases before Australian Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2010. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 133-147.
  • Brown, S., Choi, S., Crawford, E., Schwartz, S., Stephens, T. (2013). Australian Cases before Australian Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2011. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 149-165.
  • Crawford, E., Stephens, T. (2013). Australian Cases before International Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2010. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 167-171.
  • Crawford, E., Hutton, G., Stephens, T. (2013). Australian Cases before International Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2011. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 173-177.
  • Lewis, M., Crawford, E. (2013). Drones and Distinction: How IHL Encouraged the Rise of Drones. Georgetown Journal of International Law, 44(3), 1127-1166.
  • Davies, K., Crawford, E. (2013). Legal Avenues for Ending Impunity for the Death of Journalists in Conflict Zones: Current and Proposed International Agreements. International Journal of Communication, 7, 2157-2177.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Virtual Battlegrounds: Direct Participation in Cyber Warfare. I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, 9(1), 1-19.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). International humanitarian law. Hot Topics: legal issues in plain language, 80, 1-27.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Regulating the Irregular: International Humanitarian Law and the Question of Civilian Participation in Armed Conflicts. U.C. Davis Journal of International Law and Policy, 18(1), 163-190.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Review: The Law of Targeting By William H Boothby. British Year Book of International Law, 83, 178-179. [More Information]
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Road to Nowhere? The Future for a Declaration on Fundamental Standards of Humanity. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 3(1), 43-72.
  • Crawford, E. (2009). Book Review: The Least Worst Place: Guantanamo's First 100 Days. Law and Politics Book Review, 19(10), 771-773.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Blurring the Lines between International and Non-International Armed Conflicts: The Evolution of Customary International Law Applicable in Internal Armed Conflicts. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 29-54.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Book Review: An Introduction to the International Law of Armed Conflicts. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 297-298.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Book Review: The Use of Nuclear Weapons and the Protection of the Environment during International Armed Conflict. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 299-300.
  • Crawford, E. (2007). Unequal before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction between International and Non-international Armed Conflicts. Leiden Journal of International Law, 20(2), 441-465.
  • Crawford, E. (2006). The Modern Relevance of the Martens Clause. Indian Society of International Law Yearbook of International Humanitarian and Refugee Law, 6, 1-18.

Conferences

  • Crawford, E. (2013). International Humanitarian Law: 2012 The Year in Review. Sydney Centre for International Law Conference: International Law: The Year in Review, Faculty of Law, University of Sydney: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Movable and Immovable Property in Armed Conflict - A Sliding Scale of Protection. Geneva/Harvard/Renmin/Sydney Universities Conference, University of Geneva: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Virtual Battlegrounds: Cyber warfare and the law of war. TC Beirne School of Law Research Seminar Series 2013: Semester 2, St Lucia, Qld: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Distinction, Targeting, and Direct Participation in Remote Warfare. 2012 ANZSIL Conference, Victoria University, Wellington: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Principle of Distinction and the Legality of Nuclear Weapons under International Law. Australian Red Cross and Flinders University Law School Conference: Make Nuclear Weapons the Target, Flinders University: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E., Lewis, M. (2012). Virtual Battlegrounds: Distinction, Targeting, and Computer-Based Warfare in the 21st Century. American Society of International Law Mid-Year Meeting – ASIL Research Forum, University of Georgia: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). Convergence of Norms across the Spectrum of Armed Conflicts – International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law. Detention of Non-State Actors Engaged in Hostilities – The Future Law, University of Wollongong: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). Cyber War – A Challenge to Distinction. 24th US Pacific Command Military Operations Conference, Gold Coast, Queensland: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). The Corporatization of Conflict – Private Military Companies and IHL. AFLANZ Conference, Law Faculty, University of Melbourne: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). The End of IHL: Regulating Irregular Participation in Armed Conflict. 2011 ANZSIL Conference, Australian National University: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2006). Unequal Before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction Between International and Non-International Armed Conflict. 2006 ANZSIL Postgraduate Workshop, ANZSIL Conference, Victoria University, Wellington: Presentation.

Other

  • Anton, D., Breau, S., Crawford, E., de Jong, A., Joseph, S., Kinley, D., Kyriakakis, J., Nolan, J., Stephens, T., Zagor, M. (2012), In the Supreme Court of the United States: Esther Kiobel, et al. v Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., et al. - Supplemental Brief Of Australian International Law Scholars, Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioners.

2015

  • Crawford, E. (2015). Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict (Forthcoming). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

2014

  • Crawford, E. (2014). International Humanitarian Law in the Courts of Australia. In Derek Jinks, Jackson N. Maogoto, Solon Solomon (Eds.), Applying International Humanitarian Law in Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Bodies: International and Domestic Aspects, (pp. 335-354). Germany: Springer.
  • Crawford, E. (2014). Terrorism and targeted killings under international law. In B Saul (Eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, (pp. 250-270). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crawford, E., Davies, K. (2014). The International Protection of Journalists in Times of Armed Conflict: the Campaign for a Press Emblem (Forthcoming). Wisconsin International Law Journal.

2013

  • Brown, S., Choi, S., Crawford, E., Schwartz, S., Stephens, T. (2013). Australian Cases before Australian Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2010. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 133-147.
  • Brown, S., Choi, S., Crawford, E., Schwartz, S., Stephens, T. (2013). Australian Cases before Australian Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2011. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 149-165.
  • Crawford, E., Stephens, T. (2013). Australian Cases before International Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2010. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 167-171.
  • Crawford, E., Hutton, G., Stephens, T. (2013). Australian Cases before International Courts and Tribunals Involving Questions of Public International Law 2011. Australian Yearbook of International Law, 31, 173-177.
  • Lewis, M., Crawford, E. (2013). Drones and Distinction: How IHL Encouraged the Rise of Drones. Georgetown Journal of International Law, 44(3), 1127-1166.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). International Humanitarian Law: 2012 The Year in Review. Sydney Centre for International Law Conference: International Law: The Year in Review, Faculty of Law, University of Sydney: Presentation.
  • Davies, K., Crawford, E. (2013). Legal Avenues for Ending Impunity for the Death of Journalists in Conflict Zones: Current and Proposed International Agreements. International Journal of Communication, 7, 2157-2177.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Monism and Dualism – An Australian Perspective. In Marko Novakovic (Eds.), Basic Concepts of Public International Law - Monism and Dualism, (pp. 710-728). Belgrade: Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, et al.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Movable and Immovable Property in Armed Conflict - A Sliding Scale of Protection. Geneva/Harvard/Renmin/Sydney Universities Conference, University of Geneva: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Virtual Battlegrounds: Cyber warfare and the law of war. TC Beirne School of Law Research Seminar Series 2013: Semester 2, St Lucia, Qld: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2013). Virtual Battlegrounds: Direct Participation in Cyber Warfare. I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, 9(1), 1-19.

2012

  • Crawford, E., Rayfuse, R. (2012). Climate Change and Statehood. In R Rayfuse and S Scott (Eds.), International Law in the Era of Climate Change, (pp. 243-253). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Distinction, Targeting, and Direct Participation in Remote Warfare. 2012 ANZSIL Conference, Victoria University, Wellington: Presentation.
  • Anton, D., Breau, S., Crawford, E., de Jong, A., Joseph, S., Kinley, D., Kyriakakis, J., Nolan, J., Stephens, T., Zagor, M. (2012), In the Supreme Court of the United States: Esther Kiobel, et al. v Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., et al. - Supplemental Brief Of Australian International Law Scholars, Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioners.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). International humanitarian law. Hot Topics: legal issues in plain language, 80, 1-27.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Principle of Distinction and the Legality of Nuclear Weapons under International Law. Australian Red Cross and Flinders University Law School Conference: Make Nuclear Weapons the Target, Flinders University: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Regulating the Irregular: International Humanitarian Law and the Question of Civilian Participation in Armed Conflicts. U.C. Davis Journal of International Law and Policy, 18(1), 163-190.
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Review: The Law of Targeting By William H Boothby. British Year Book of International Law, 83, 178-179. [More Information]
  • Crawford, E. (2012). Road to Nowhere? The Future for a Declaration on Fundamental Standards of Humanity. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 3(1), 43-72.
  • Crawford, E., Lewis, M. (2012). Virtual Battlegrounds: Distinction, Targeting, and Computer-Based Warfare in the 21st Century. American Society of International Law Mid-Year Meeting – ASIL Research Forum, University of Georgia: Presentation.

2011

  • Crawford, E. (2011). Convergence of Norms across the Spectrum of Armed Conflicts – International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law. Detention of Non-State Actors Engaged in Hostilities – The Future Law, University of Wollongong: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). Cyber War – A Challenge to Distinction. 24th US Pacific Command Military Operations Conference, Gold Coast, Queensland: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). The Corporatization of Conflict – Private Military Companies and IHL. AFLANZ Conference, Law Faculty, University of Melbourne: Presentation.
  • Crawford, E. (2011). The End of IHL: Regulating Irregular Participation in Armed Conflict. 2011 ANZSIL Conference, Australian National University: Presentation.

2010

  • Crawford, E. (2010). The Treatment of Combatants and Insurgents under the Law of Armed Conflict. New York: Oxford University Press.

2009

  • Crawford, E. (2009). Book Review: The Least Worst Place: Guantanamo's First 100 Days. Law and Politics Book Review, 19(10), 771-773.

2008

  • Crawford, E. (2008). Blurring the Lines between International and Non-International Armed Conflicts: The Evolution of Customary International Law Applicable in Internal Armed Conflicts. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 29-54.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Book Review: An Introduction to the International Law of Armed Conflicts. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 297-298.
  • Crawford, E. (2008). Book Review: The Use of Nuclear Weapons and the Protection of the Environment during International Armed Conflict. Australian International Law Journal, 15, 299-300.

2007

  • Crawford, E. (2007). Unequal before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction between International and Non-international Armed Conflicts. Leiden Journal of International Law, 20(2), 441-465.

2006

  • Crawford, E. (2006). The Modern Relevance of the Martens Clause. Indian Society of International Law Yearbook of International Humanitarian and Refugee Law, 6, 1-18.
  • Crawford, E. (2006). Unequal Before the Law: The Case for the Elimination of the Distinction Between International and Non-International Armed Conflict. 2006 ANZSIL Postgraduate Workshop, ANZSIL Conference, Victoria University, Wellington: Presentation.

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