Professor Mary Crock

BA (Hons) LLB (Hons) PhD (Melbourne)
Professor of Public Law

F10 - Law School (Camperdown)
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 0289
Fax +61 2 9351 0200

Website IMPALA website
Papers on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN)

Biographical details

Professor Mary Crock is Professor of Public Law at Sydney Law School, a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law, solicitor and Accredited Specialist in Immigration Law. Her expertise spans immigration, citizenship and refugee law, administrative and constitutional law, public international law, particularly human rights and international refugee law, and comparative law. She has published 13 books (including a leading text on Australian immigration and refugee law), over 70 refereed articles and book chapters and many other pieces; delivered hundreds of public lectures and has been awarded over 2.2 million dollars in research grants. Her research has been cited frequently in Australia’s Federal Courts and High Court and she has given evidence before a many parliamentary hearings in Australia and (once) in Canada. She has worked as adviser to the Australian Senate (Inquiry into Australia’s Refugee and Humanitarian Program, 2000); consultant to the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (on immigration detention); and consultant to the Royal Commission into Child Sex Abuse (on children in immigration detention). She is frequently consulted by, and contributes opinion pieces to, the national and international media.

Mary is Australia’s lead researcher in a comparative law database project on international migration law and policy (IMPALA) that includes researchers from Harvard University, LSE, University of Luxembourg, University of Amsterdam, Sorbonne, University of Montreal and others.

Mary has taken a particular interest in the treatment and plight of migrants in vulnerable circumstances, including children and persons with disabilities. Her work on unaccompanied child asylum seekers saw her shortlisted in 2007 for the Human Rights Medal. She was awarded the National Ethnic Disability Alliance Medal for her work on refugees with disabilities in 2015 and the Affinity Intercultural Foundation Award for Contributions to Social Justice and Human Rights in 2016.

Mary has taught at Sydney Law School for over 22 years. In that time she has also been a visiting scholar at Osgoode Hall Law School, Laval University (Quebec), Harvard University and London School of Economics (LSE). She has given numerous public addresses across Australia on Australian immigration and refugee law and policy and has lectured at Oxford, LSE, Harvard, Berkley, Cornell, New York Law School, University of Miami, Laval Law School, University of Montreal, and University of Luxembourg in addition to all of Australia’s leading law schools.

Together with her husband, Emeritus Professor Ron McCallum AO, Mary has undertaken consultations and professional missions on behalf of United Nations agencies (including UNDP, OHCHR and DESA) in Switzerland, Poland, Ireland, Ethiopia, Belgium, Korea and Fiji. Fieldwork on the disabilities and refugees project has taken her to Indonesia, Malaysia, Uganda, Jordan and Turkey, with a researcher adding Pakistan. This and her work on migrant children has involved partnerships with UNHCR and a variety of NGOs and civil society actors including Amnesty International, the Women’s Commission for Refugees, the Australian Red Cross and the Refugee Council of Australia.

An Accredited Specialist in Immigration Law, Professor Crock has been Chief examiner/ Head Assessor in various Specialist Accreditation programs in Immigration Law across Australia since 1994. She maintains a practice as a lawyer and migration agent and has been listed in the peer-appointed publication Best Lawyers in Australia in Immigration Law every year since 2008.

Mary was a member of the Expert Advisory Committee for the NSW Commission for Children and Young Persons between 2008 and 2014; and was a board member of the committee of management of the community radio station 2RPH (Radio for the Print Handicapped) from 2006 until early 2012. With broad interests in human rights, she has served in executive positions for the Law Institute of Victoria, Law Society of NSW, Law Council of Australia and the Refugee Council of Australia. In 1989 she helped to establish and run Victoria’s first community legal centre specializing in immigration law, the Victorian Immigration Advice and rights Centre Inc. The centre continues to this day as Refugee Legal.

Personal

Professor Crock was born in Perth, Western Australia but grew up in Melbourne, Victoria. She attended Melbourne University Law School for her undergraduate studies in Law (Hons) and Arts (Hons in French and Fine Arts); and for her doctorate. She was awarded her PhD in 1994. Mary is married to Emeritus Professor Ron McCallum AO, working closely with him in all aspects of their joint professional life. Ron was a foundation member of the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), CRPD chair 2010-2013 and Chair of the Committee of Chairs of the 10 member UN Treaty bodies (2011-2012). They have three children: Gerard (b 1987), Daniel (b 1989) and Kate (b 1992).

Research interests

Mary Crock came to academia in Sydney in 1995 from a background in practice after completing her doctorate on the relationship between the Courts and the Executive in controlling immigration. Her main field of research is migration, citizenship and refugee law. However, she has general interests in administrative law, constitutional law, public international law, international human rights and comparative law in these fields.

Her specific research interests range broadly from studies of the interaction between immigration and labour laws through the examination of vulnerabilities in particular categories of migrants - most particularly refugee children and youth and refugees with disabilities. Through her work with her husband, Emeritus Professor Ron McCallum AO, she has been involved in internal United Nations initiatives for the reform of the UN Human Rights treaty body system. She is known for her work on immigration detention, but has also written and lectured on many other aspects of immigration and refugee law and their interface with other areas of law and other disciplines. She is currently working on three large research projects. One is a comparative law and policy project run in conjunction with Harvard University and the London School of Economics (and a range of other universities both in Australia and overseas). The second pursues her interest in refugee children and youth, while the third (funded by AusAid) involves a study of refugees with disability, conducted in collaboration with UNHCR and the Women's Commission for Refugees.

Teaching and supervision

Undergraduate:

  • Administrative Law
  • Advanced Public International Law
  • Immigration Refugees and Forced Migration
  • Public Law

Postgraduate:

  • Immigration and Nationality Law
  • Refugee Law
  • Immigration and Labour Law

Current research students

Project title Research student
In the Face of Danger: On Disaster Law and the Equality of Autonomy Matthew COLE
Why so mean? Exploring the laws, policies and attitudes surrounding asylum seeking children in detention and the impact of legal and community action Sandy JACKSON

Associations

  • Admitted to Practice as a Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Victoria and of the High Court in 1984
  • Admitted to Practice as a Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of New South Wales in 1994
  • Registered Migration Agent
  • Accredited Specialist, Immigration Law
  • NSW Committee of the Australian Institute of Administrative Law

In the media

PhD and master's project opportunities

Selected grants

2013

  • Current and proposed changes to restrictions on entry, stay and residence for people living with HIV in Australia and to compare relevant policies in New Zealand, Canada and the United States; Crock M, McCallum R, de Wit J, Fowler D; United Nations AIDS/Research Support.
  • International Workshop of Social Transformation and International Migration Research Network Workshop at the University of Sydney; Castles S, Boucher A, Crock M, Inglis C, Rosewarne S, Short S, McClure W, Delgado Wise R, Icduygu A, Lee H, Fozdar F, Vasta E, Jakubowicz A, Collins J, Mansouri F, De Haas H, Kirisci K, Seol D, Manderson R, Bakewell O, Piper N; Office of Global Engagement/IPDF Grant.
  • Comparing immigration policy in the Group of Five: Developing an evidence base for evaluating the role of policy in international migration -IMPALA; Crock M, Boucher A, Castles S, Hiscox M, Thielemann E, Cully M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Making Rights Real: A Regional, Comparative Approach to Disability and Children's Rights in International Law.; Crock M, Cashmore J, McCallum R, Saul B; Office of Global Engagement/IPDF Grant.

2012

  • Protection of Refugees with Disabilities in Camp Situations; Crock M, McCallum R, Saul B; Australian Agency for International Development (AUSAID)/Australian Development Research Awards.
  • The International Migration Policy and Law Analysis (IMPALA) Project; Crock M; Department of Immigration and Citizenship (Federal)/Research Support.
  • Funding for the IMPALA Project; Boucher A, Crock M; Department of Immigration and Citizenship (Federal)/Research Support.

2011

  • Small mercies, big futures: enhancing law, policy and practice in the selection, protection and settlement of refugee children and youth LP100200596; Rubenstein K, Newman L, Kenny M, Gifford S, Crock M, Rubenstein K, Newman L, Gifford S, Saul B, Kenny M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Seed funding for the Forging Futures for Refugees with Disabilities Project; Crock M, McCallum R; Shafallah Centre/Research Support.
  • Fault-lines of Immigration Policy: Harvard-Sydney Immigration Summit; Boucher A, Crock M, Hiscox M; University of Sydney USA Foundation/Research Grant.
  • IMPALA Project (Proof of Concept); Crock M; Department of Immigration and Citizenship (Federal)/Research Support.
  • Seed Funding for the IMPALA Project; Boucher A, Crock M; Department of Immigration and Citizenship (Federal)/Research Support.

2007

  • The Migrant Child; Crock M; Australian Research Alliance for Children & Youth (ARACY)/Seed grant funded by ARC/NHMRC via ARACY.

2006

  • Seeking Asylum Alone: Unaccompanied and separated children and refugee protection in Australia; Crock M; Sidney Myer Fund Award/Sidney Myer Fund Award.

2004

  • Seeking Asylum Alone: The Treatment of Separated and Trafficked Children in Need of Refugee Protection; Crock M; John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation (USA)/Research Grant.
  • The impact of migrants on Australian public law: an historical & cultural study; Crock M, Irving H; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Seeking asylum alone: the treatment of separated and trafficked children in need of refugee protection in Australia; Crock M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Seeking Asylum Alone: The Treatment of Separated and Trafficked Children in Need of Refugee Protecti; Crock M, Rosewarne S.

2003

  • In need of protection : A case study of the treatment of separated Afghan children in Australias refugee determination process; Crock M; Myer Foundation/Research Grant.

Selected publications

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Books

  • Crock, M., Smith-Khan, L., McCallum, R., Saul, B. (2017). The Legal Protection of Refugees with Disabilities: Forgotten and Invisible?. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crock, M., Berg, L. (2011). Immigration, Refugees and Forced Migration: Law, Policy and Practice in Australia. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Bhabha, J., Crock, M., Finch, N., Schmidt, S. (2007). Seeking Asylum Alone: A Comparative Study. A Comparative Study of Laws, Policy and Practice in Australia, the UK and the US. Sydney: Themis Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B., Dastyari, A. (2006). Future Seekers II: Refugees and Irregular Migration in Australia. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2006). Seeking Asylum Alone: A Study of Australian Law, Policy and Practice Regarding Unaccompanied and Separated Children. Sydney: Themis Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B. (2002). Future Seekers: Refugees and the Law in Australia. Australia: Federation Press.

Edited Books

  • Crock, M. (2015). Creating New Futures: Settling Children and Youth from Refugee Backgrounds. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Migrants and Rights. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Refugees and Rights. United Kingdom: Ashgate Publishing. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Lyon, K. (2002). Nationskilling: Migration, Labour and the Law in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States. Sydney: Federation Press.

Book Chapters

  • Kenny, M., Crock, M. (2017). Migrant and Non-Citizen Children. In Lisa Young, Mary Anne Kenny, Geoffrey Monahan (Eds.), Children and the Law in Australia - 2nd Edition, (pp. 263-282). Australia: LexisNexis.
  • Crock, M., Smith-Khan, L. (2016). Swift and Systematic? Identifying and Recording Disability in Forced Migration. In Barbara M. Altman (Eds.), International Measurement of Disability: Purpose, Method and Application, (pp. 305-318). Switzerland: Springer. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2016). The protection of vulnerable groups. In Susan C. Breau, Katja L.H. Samuel (Eds.), Research Handbook on Disasters and International Law, (pp. 383-405). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Martin, H. (2015). Finding Refuge in Australia: How Law and Policies Affect the Entitlements of Children Entering as Refugees and Humanitarian Migrants. In Mary Crock (Eds.), Creating New Futures: Settling Children and Youth from Refugee Backgrounds, (pp. 49-69). Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Introduction - Acknowledging the 'Other': The Intersection of Human Rights and Migration Law. In Mary Crock (Eds.), Migrants and Rights, (pp. xi-xxii). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Introduction: Creating New Futures. In Mary Crock (Eds.), Creating New Futures: Settling Children and Youth from Refugee Backgrounds, (pp. 1-27). Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Justice for the Migrant Child: The Protective Force of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. In Said Mahmoudi, Pernilla Leviner, Anna Kaldal, Katrin Lainpelto (Eds.), Child-friendly Justice: A Quarter of a Century of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, (pp. 221-241). Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Hiscox, M., Beine, M., Burgoon, B., Gest, J., Ghezelbash, D., McGovern, P., Rapoport, H., Thielemann, E., Schaper, J. (2015). Law as an Agent of Social Transformation: Trends in the Legal Regulation of Migration. In Stephen Castles, Derya Ozkul, Magdalena Arias Cubas (Eds.), Social Transformation and Migration: National and Local Experiences in South Korea, Turkey, Mexico and Australia, (pp. 269-282). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2015). Of Relative Rights and Putative Children: Rethinking the Critical Framework for the Protection of Refugee Children and Youth. In Mary Crock (Eds.), Migrants and Rights, (pp. 263-283). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Ghezelbash, D., Crock, M. (2015). Out of Sight, Out of Mind? The Myths and Realities of Mandatory Immigration Detention. In Diego Acosta Arcarazo, Anja Wiesbrock (Eds.), Global Migration: Old Assumptions, New Dynamics, (pp. 23-45). California, United States: Praeger.
  • Crock, M., Howe, S., McCallum, R. (2014). Conflicted Priorities?: Enforcing Fairness for Temporary Migrant Workers in Australia. In Cathryn Costello, Mark Freedland (Eds.), Migrants at Work: Immigration and Vulnerability in Labour Law, (pp. 422-446). Oxford: Oxford University Press. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2014). Roqia's Story: Refugees and Natural Justice in the Court of Public Opinion. In Heather Douglas, Francesca Bartlett, Trish Luker, Rosemary Hunter (Eds.), Australian Feminist Judgments: Righting and Rewriting Law, (pp. 101-107). Oxford: Hart Publishing.
  • Crock, M., Hart, N., McCallum, R. (2014). War, law and disability: Ensuring equality in situations of crisis. In David Mitchell, Valerie Karr (Eds.), Crises, Conflict and Disability: Ensuring equality, (pp. 9-18). London: Routledge. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2013). Secret Immigration Business: Policy Transfers and the Tyranny of Deterrence Theory. In Satvinder S. Juss (Eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Migration Law, Theory and Policy, (pp. 617-637). Surrey, United Kingdom: Ashgate.
  • Crock, M. (2010). Women and Migration Law. In Patricia Easteal (Eds.), Women and the Law in Australia, (pp. 328-349). Sydney: LexisNexis Butterworths.
  • Crock, M., Kenny, M., Allison, F. (2008). Children and Immigration and Citizenship Law. In Geoff Monahan, Lisa Young (Eds.), Children and the Law in Australia, (pp. 238-255). Sydney: LexisNexis Butterworths.
  • Crock, M. (2008). Re-thinking the Paradigms of Protection: Children as Convention Refugees in Australia. In Jane McAdam (Eds.), Forced Migration, Human Rights and Security, (pp. 155-180). Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing.
  • Crock, M., Santow, E. (2007). Privative Clauses and the Limits of the Law. In Matthew Groves and H. P. Lee (Eds.), Australian Administrative Law: Fundamentals, Principles and Doctrines, (pp. 345-367). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Crock, M. (2006). Durable Solutions or Politics of Misery? Refugee Protection in Australia after Tampa. In Natalie Bolzan, Michael Darcy & Jan Mason (Eds.), Fenced In Fenced Out: Border Protection, Asylum and Detention in Australia, (pp. 23-51). Melbourne: Common Ground Publishing.
  • Crock, M., Friedman, L. (2006). Immigration Control and the Shaping of Australia's Labour Market: Conflicting Ideologies or Historical Imperatives? In C. Arup, P. Gahan, J. Howe, R. Johnstone, R. Mithchell & A. O'Donnell (Eds.), Labour Law and Labour Market Regulation - Essays on the Construction, Constitution and Regulation of Labour Markets and Work Relationships, (pp. 322-343). Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2003). The refugees convention at 50: mid-life crisis or terminal inadequacy? An Australian perspective. In Susan Kneebone (Eds.), The Refugees Convention 50 Years On: Globalisation and International Law, (pp. 47-89). UK: Ashgate.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Contract or Compact: Skilled migration and the dictates of politics and ideology. In Mary Crock and Kerry Lyon (Eds.), Nation Skilling: Migration, Labour and the Law in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, (pp. 49-66). Sydney Australia: Desert Pea Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B. (2002). Nation Skilling: Immigration, Labour and the Law. In Mary Crock and Kerry Lyon (Eds.), Nation Skilling: Migration, Labour and the Law in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, (pp. 1-11). Sydney Australia: Desert Pea Press.

Journals

  • Crock, M., Mahony, C., Fozdar, F. (2017). Introduction: A 'slippery fish' for humanitarian actors: human rights and the (re)settlement of refugees and forced migrants. International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 3(1), 1-4.
  • Beine, M., Boucher, A., Burgoon, B., Crock, M., Gest, J., Hiscox, M., McGovern, P., Rapoport, H., Schaper, J., Thielemann, E. (2016). Comparing Immigration Policies: An Overview from the IMPALA Database. International Migration Review, 50(4), 827-863. [More Information]
  • Smith-Khan, L., Crock, M., McCallum, R., Saul, B. (2015). 'Up to now I am suffering': justice, sexual violence and disability amongst refugees in Uganda. International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 1(4), 348-371. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Bones, K. (2015). Australian Exceptionalism: Temporary Protection and the Rights of Refugees. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 16(2), 1-28.
  • Beine, M., Burgoon, B., Crock, M., Gest, J., Hiscox, M., McGovern, P., Rapoport, H., Thielemann, E. (2015). Measuring Immigration Policies: Preliminary Evidence from IMPALA. CESifo Economic Studies, 61(3), 527-559. [More Information]
  • Smith-Khan, L., Crock, M., Saul, B., McCallum, R. (2015). To 'Promote, Protect and Ensure': Overcoming Obstacles to Identifying Disability in Forced Migration. Journal of Refugee Studies, 28(1), 38-68. [More Information]
  • Hart, N., Crock, M., McCallum, R., Saul, B. (2014). Making Every Life Count: Ensuring Equality and Protection for Persons with Disabilities in Armed Conflicts. Monash University Law Review, 40(1), 148-174. [More Information]
  • Gest, J., Boucher, A., Challen, S., Burgoon, B., Thielemann, E., Beine, M., McGovern, P., Crock, M., Rapoport, H., Hiscox, M. (2014). Measuring and Comparing Immigration, Asylum and Naturalization Policies Across Countries: Challenges and Solutions. Global Policy, 5(3), 261-274. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2014). Shadow Plays, Shifting Sands and International Refugee Law: Convergences in the Asia-Pacific. International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 63(2), 247-280. [More Information]
  • Ghezelbash, D., Crock, M. (2013). Asylum Seeker and Refugee Policy in Australia Under the Abbott Government. e-International Relations, Website 30/10/2013, 1-3.
  • Crock, M. (2013). Of Relative Rights and Putative Children: Rethinking the Critical Framework for the Protection of Refugee Children and Youth. Australian International Law Journal, 20, 33-53.
  • Crock, M., Martin, H. (2013). Refugee rights and the merits of appeals. University of Queensland Law Journal, 32(1), 137-155.
  • Crock, M. (2013). The role of migration agents in the development of immigration law: The making of a profession, and the role of migration agents in the development of immigration law. Migration Australia, 3, 16-20.
  • Crock, M., Kenny, M. (2012). Rethinking the Guardianship of Refugee Children after the Malaysian Solution. Sydney Law Review, 34(3), 437-465.
  • Crock, M., Ernst, C., McCallum, R. (2012). Where Disability and Displacement Intersect: Asylum Seekers and Refugees with Disabilities. International Journal of Refugee Law, 24(4), 735-764. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2011). Book Review: Guofu Liu (2010), Chinese Immigration Law, Surrey: Law and Migration Series, Ashgate. 223pp. Australian Journal of Asian Law.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2011). Due process and rule of law as human rights: The High Court and the "offshore" processing of asylum seekers. Australian Journal of Administrative Law, 18(2), 101-114.
  • Crock, M. (2010). Alien Fears: Politics and Immigration Control. Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. Dialogue, 29(2), 20-31.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2010). Do Loose Lips Bring Ships? The Role of Policy, Politics and Human Rights in Managing Unauthorised Boat Arrivals. Griffith Law Review, 19(2), 238-287.
  • Crock, M. (2010). First Term Blues: Labor, Refugees and Immigration Reform. Australian Journal of Administrative Law, 17(4), 205-212. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2007). Defining Strangers: Human Rights, Immigrants and the Foundations for a Just Society. Melbourne University Law Review, 31(3), 1-19.
  • Crock, M. (2007). Travelling Solo – Unaccompanied and Seperated Children in Australia's Refugee Process. The Sydney Papers, 19(1), 117-132.
  • Crock, M. (2006). Seeking Asylum Alone: The Treatment of Unaccompanied and Separated Children in Australia's Refugee Determination Process. Australian Childrens Rights News, 42, 1-12.
  • Crock, M. (2005). Lonely Refuge: Judicial Responses to Separated Children Seeking Refugee Protection in Australia. Law in Context, 22(2), 120-155.
  • Crock, M. (2004). Judging Refugees: The Clash Of Power And Institutions In The Development Of Australian Refugee Law. Sydney Law Review, 26(1), 51-74.
  • Crock, M. (2004). Part II-Movement and stasis: Re-reading refugee and migration laws: Immigration mindsets-how our thinking has shaped migration law in Australia. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 27(6), 571-585. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2003). Book Review - Rubenstein, K 'Australian Citizenship Law in Context'. Sydney Law Review, 25, 125-128.
  • Crock, M. (2003). In the wake of the TAMPA: conflicting visions of international refugee law in the management of refugee flows. Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal, 12(1), 49-95.
  • Crock, M. (2002). 'You have to be stronger than razor wire': Legal issues relating to the detention of refugees and asylum seekers. Australian Journal of Administrative Law, 10, 33-63.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Echos of Old Countries or Brave New World? Legal Responses to Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Australia and New Zealand. Quebec Journal of International Law (revue quebecoise de droit international), 14(1), 55-91.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Editorial. Immigration Review, 2, 2.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Editorial. Immigration Review, 3, 2.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Editorial. Immigration Review, 4, 2.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Editorial. Immigration Review, 1, 3.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Making sense of the rule of law: Trends in the judicial review of migration decisions. Immigration Review, 8, 9-13.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Protecting Australia's Borders. Immigration Review, 1, 14-19.
  • Crock, M. (2001). Contract or Compact: Skilled migration and the dictates of politics and ideology. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 16, 133-154.
  • Crock, M. (2000). A Sanctuary Under Review: Where to From Here for Australia's Refugee and Humanitarian Processes. UNSW Law Journal, 23(3), 246-287.
  • Crock, M. (2000). Boat People in Australia. Polemic, 10, 46-50.
  • Crock, M. (2000). Of Fortress Australia and Castles in the Air: The High Court and the Judicial Review of Migration Decisions. Melbourne University Law Review, 24, 190-217.

Edited Journals

  • Crock, M., Mahony, C., Fozdar, F. (2017). Refugee (Re)Settlement: Law, Policy and Service Provision in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the UK. International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 3(1).
  • Crock, M., Johns, F. (2004). International Journal of Law and Psychiatry: Migration, Mental Health and Human Rights. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 27(6).

Conferences

  • Crock, M. (2007). The Heart In Action: The Seeking Asylum Alone Project and the experiences of Unaccompanied and Separated Children in Australia's Refugee Determination Process. Celebration of 125 Years of the Religious of the Sacred Heart in Australia 2007: The Heart in Action- The Refugee Story Forum, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.

Magazine / Newspaper Articles

  • Crock, M., Bones, K. (2014). Coalition's new visa laws make family reunion a preserve of the rich. The Sydney Morning Herald. [More Information]
  • Boucher, A., Crock, M. (2011). Asylum: first ask the right questions. The Canberra Times.
  • Crock, M. (2010). Scapegoating boat people a true-blue Australian tradition. The Sydney Morning Herald.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2010). Stop the political point-scoring, people are dying out there. The Australian.
  • Crock, M. (2009). Boat people remain at the mercy of people smugglers and politicians. The Sydney Morning Herald.
  • Crock, M. (2007). Seeking Asylum Alone: The Treatment of Unaccompanied and Separated Children in Australia's Refugee Determination Process – Part 1. Immigration Review.
  • Crock, M., McAdam, J. (2006). Nauru is No Place for Asylum Seekers. The Australian.

Report

  • Cuthbertson, A., Creighton, B., Williams, D., Stern, E., McDonald, F., Williams, G., Patmore, G., Gillespie, J., Crock, M., Cowdery, N., Cashman, P., et al (2016). World Justice Project: Rule of Law Index 2016 - Australia. [More Information]
  • Beine, M., Burgoon, B., Crock, M., Gest, J., Hiscox, M., McGovern, P., Rapoport, H., Thielemann, E. (2014). Measuring Immigration Policies: Preliminary Evidence from IMPALA. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Saul, B., Ruddock, P., Yale-Loehr, S., Hoashi-Erhardt, C., Martin, S., Lowell, B., Martin, P., Hugo, G., McCallum, R., Vann, R., Allars, M., et al (2002). NationSkilling: Migration, Labour and the Law.

Other

  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D., McAdam, J. (2012), Pacific Solution #2 sparks humanitarian concerns.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2011), Why fight today's wars with yesterday's battle plans.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2011), Why The High Court Said No This Time.
  • Ghezelbash, D., Crock, M. (2010), Why Bother With Offshore Processing Now?.
  • Crock, M. (2006), Memorandum on proposed changes to the Migration Act: Submission to the Senate Inquiry on the Migration Amendment (Designated Unauthorised Arrivals) Bill 2006.
  • Crock, M. (2004), Tragedy of the Bakhtiyari Family.

2017

  • Crock, M., Mahony, C., Fozdar, F. (2017). Introduction: A 'slippery fish' for humanitarian actors: human rights and the (re)settlement of refugees and forced migrants. International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 3(1), 1-4.
  • Kenny, M., Crock, M. (2017). Migrant and Non-Citizen Children. In Lisa Young, Mary Anne Kenny, Geoffrey Monahan (Eds.), Children and the Law in Australia - 2nd Edition, (pp. 263-282). Australia: LexisNexis.
  • Crock, M., Mahony, C., Fozdar, F. (2017). Refugee (Re)Settlement: Law, Policy and Service Provision in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the UK. International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 3(1).
  • Crock, M., Smith-Khan, L., McCallum, R., Saul, B. (2017). The Legal Protection of Refugees with Disabilities: Forgotten and Invisible?. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.

2016

  • Beine, M., Boucher, A., Burgoon, B., Crock, M., Gest, J., Hiscox, M., McGovern, P., Rapoport, H., Schaper, J., Thielemann, E. (2016). Comparing Immigration Policies: An Overview from the IMPALA Database. International Migration Review, 50(4), 827-863. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Smith-Khan, L. (2016). Swift and Systematic? Identifying and Recording Disability in Forced Migration. In Barbara M. Altman (Eds.), International Measurement of Disability: Purpose, Method and Application, (pp. 305-318). Switzerland: Springer. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2016). The protection of vulnerable groups. In Susan C. Breau, Katja L.H. Samuel (Eds.), Research Handbook on Disasters and International Law, (pp. 383-405). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. [More Information]
  • Cuthbertson, A., Creighton, B., Williams, D., Stern, E., McDonald, F., Williams, G., Patmore, G., Gillespie, J., Crock, M., Cowdery, N., Cashman, P., et al (2016). World Justice Project: Rule of Law Index 2016 - Australia. [More Information]

2015

  • Smith-Khan, L., Crock, M., McCallum, R., Saul, B. (2015). 'Up to now I am suffering': justice, sexual violence and disability amongst refugees in Uganda. International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 1(4), 348-371. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Bones, K. (2015). Australian Exceptionalism: Temporary Protection and the Rights of Refugees. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 16(2), 1-28.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Creating New Futures: Settling Children and Youth from Refugee Backgrounds. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M., Martin, H. (2015). Finding Refuge in Australia: How Law and Policies Affect the Entitlements of Children Entering as Refugees and Humanitarian Migrants. In Mary Crock (Eds.), Creating New Futures: Settling Children and Youth from Refugee Backgrounds, (pp. 49-69). Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Introduction - Acknowledging the 'Other': The Intersection of Human Rights and Migration Law. In Mary Crock (Eds.), Migrants and Rights, (pp. xi-xxii). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Introduction: Creating New Futures. In Mary Crock (Eds.), Creating New Futures: Settling Children and Youth from Refugee Backgrounds, (pp. 1-27). Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Justice for the Migrant Child: The Protective Force of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. In Said Mahmoudi, Pernilla Leviner, Anna Kaldal, Katrin Lainpelto (Eds.), Child-friendly Justice: A Quarter of a Century of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, (pp. 221-241). Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Hiscox, M., Beine, M., Burgoon, B., Gest, J., Ghezelbash, D., McGovern, P., Rapoport, H., Thielemann, E., Schaper, J. (2015). Law as an Agent of Social Transformation: Trends in the Legal Regulation of Migration. In Stephen Castles, Derya Ozkul, Magdalena Arias Cubas (Eds.), Social Transformation and Migration: National and Local Experiences in South Korea, Turkey, Mexico and Australia, (pp. 269-282). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. [More Information]
  • Beine, M., Burgoon, B., Crock, M., Gest, J., Hiscox, M., McGovern, P., Rapoport, H., Thielemann, E. (2015). Measuring Immigration Policies: Preliminary Evidence from IMPALA. CESifo Economic Studies, 61(3), 527-559. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2015). Migrants and Rights. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Of Relative Rights and Putative Children: Rethinking the Critical Framework for the Protection of Refugee Children and Youth. In Mary Crock (Eds.), Migrants and Rights, (pp. 263-283). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Ghezelbash, D., Crock, M. (2015). Out of Sight, Out of Mind? The Myths and Realities of Mandatory Immigration Detention. In Diego Acosta Arcarazo, Anja Wiesbrock (Eds.), Global Migration: Old Assumptions, New Dynamics, (pp. 23-45). California, United States: Praeger.
  • Crock, M. (2015). Refugees and Rights. United Kingdom: Ashgate Publishing. [More Information]
  • Smith-Khan, L., Crock, M., Saul, B., McCallum, R. (2015). To 'Promote, Protect and Ensure': Overcoming Obstacles to Identifying Disability in Forced Migration. Journal of Refugee Studies, 28(1), 38-68. [More Information]

2014

  • Crock, M., Bones, K. (2014). Coalition's new visa laws make family reunion a preserve of the rich. The Sydney Morning Herald. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Howe, S., McCallum, R. (2014). Conflicted Priorities?: Enforcing Fairness for Temporary Migrant Workers in Australia. In Cathryn Costello, Mark Freedland (Eds.), Migrants at Work: Immigration and Vulnerability in Labour Law, (pp. 422-446). Oxford: Oxford University Press. [More Information]
  • Hart, N., Crock, M., McCallum, R., Saul, B. (2014). Making Every Life Count: Ensuring Equality and Protection for Persons with Disabilities in Armed Conflicts. Monash University Law Review, 40(1), 148-174. [More Information]
  • Gest, J., Boucher, A., Challen, S., Burgoon, B., Thielemann, E., Beine, M., McGovern, P., Crock, M., Rapoport, H., Hiscox, M. (2014). Measuring and Comparing Immigration, Asylum and Naturalization Policies Across Countries: Challenges and Solutions. Global Policy, 5(3), 261-274. [More Information]
  • Beine, M., Burgoon, B., Crock, M., Gest, J., Hiscox, M., McGovern, P., Rapoport, H., Thielemann, E. (2014). Measuring Immigration Policies: Preliminary Evidence from IMPALA. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2014). Roqia's Story: Refugees and Natural Justice in the Court of Public Opinion. In Heather Douglas, Francesca Bartlett, Trish Luker, Rosemary Hunter (Eds.), Australian Feminist Judgments: Righting and Rewriting Law, (pp. 101-107). Oxford: Hart Publishing.
  • Crock, M. (2014). Shadow Plays, Shifting Sands and International Refugee Law: Convergences in the Asia-Pacific. International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 63(2), 247-280. [More Information]
  • Crock, M., Hart, N., McCallum, R. (2014). War, law and disability: Ensuring equality in situations of crisis. In David Mitchell, Valerie Karr (Eds.), Crises, Conflict and Disability: Ensuring equality, (pp. 9-18). London: Routledge. [More Information]

2013

  • Ghezelbash, D., Crock, M. (2013). Asylum Seeker and Refugee Policy in Australia Under the Abbott Government. e-International Relations, Website 30/10/2013, 1-3.
  • Crock, M. (2013). Of Relative Rights and Putative Children: Rethinking the Critical Framework for the Protection of Refugee Children and Youth. Australian International Law Journal, 20, 33-53.
  • Crock, M., Martin, H. (2013). Refugee rights and the merits of appeals. University of Queensland Law Journal, 32(1), 137-155.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2013). Secret Immigration Business: Policy Transfers and the Tyranny of Deterrence Theory. In Satvinder S. Juss (Eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Migration Law, Theory and Policy, (pp. 617-637). Surrey, United Kingdom: Ashgate.
  • Crock, M. (2013). The role of migration agents in the development of immigration law: The making of a profession, and the role of migration agents in the development of immigration law. Migration Australia, 3, 16-20.

2012

  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D., McAdam, J. (2012), Pacific Solution #2 sparks humanitarian concerns.
  • Crock, M., Kenny, M. (2012). Rethinking the Guardianship of Refugee Children after the Malaysian Solution. Sydney Law Review, 34(3), 437-465.
  • Crock, M., Ernst, C., McCallum, R. (2012). Where Disability and Displacement Intersect: Asylum Seekers and Refugees with Disabilities. International Journal of Refugee Law, 24(4), 735-764. [More Information]

2011

  • Boucher, A., Crock, M. (2011). Asylum: first ask the right questions. The Canberra Times.
  • Crock, M. (2011). Book Review: Guofu Liu (2010), Chinese Immigration Law, Surrey: Law and Migration Series, Ashgate. 223pp. Australian Journal of Asian Law.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2011). Due process and rule of law as human rights: The High Court and the "offshore" processing of asylum seekers. Australian Journal of Administrative Law, 18(2), 101-114.
  • Crock, M., Berg, L. (2011). Immigration, Refugees and Forced Migration: Law, Policy and Practice in Australia. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2011), Why fight today's wars with yesterday's battle plans.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2011), Why The High Court Said No This Time.

2010

  • Crock, M. (2010). Alien Fears: Politics and Immigration Control. Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. Dialogue, 29(2), 20-31.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2010). Do Loose Lips Bring Ships? The Role of Policy, Politics and Human Rights in Managing Unauthorised Boat Arrivals. Griffith Law Review, 19(2), 238-287.
  • Crock, M. (2010). First Term Blues: Labor, Refugees and Immigration Reform. Australian Journal of Administrative Law, 17(4), 205-212. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2010). Scapegoating boat people a true-blue Australian tradition. The Sydney Morning Herald.
  • Crock, M., Ghezelbash, D. (2010). Stop the political point-scoring, people are dying out there. The Australian.
  • Ghezelbash, D., Crock, M. (2010), Why Bother With Offshore Processing Now?.
  • Crock, M. (2010). Women and Migration Law. In Patricia Easteal (Eds.), Women and the Law in Australia, (pp. 328-349). Sydney: LexisNexis Butterworths.

2009

  • Crock, M. (2009). Boat people remain at the mercy of people smugglers and politicians. The Sydney Morning Herald.

2008

  • Crock, M., Kenny, M., Allison, F. (2008). Children and Immigration and Citizenship Law. In Geoff Monahan, Lisa Young (Eds.), Children and the Law in Australia, (pp. 238-255). Sydney: LexisNexis Butterworths.
  • Crock, M. (2008). Re-thinking the Paradigms of Protection: Children as Convention Refugees in Australia. In Jane McAdam (Eds.), Forced Migration, Human Rights and Security, (pp. 155-180). Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing.

2007

  • Crock, M. (2007). Defining Strangers: Human Rights, Immigrants and the Foundations for a Just Society. Melbourne University Law Review, 31(3), 1-19.
  • Crock, M., Santow, E. (2007). Privative Clauses and the Limits of the Law. In Matthew Groves and H. P. Lee (Eds.), Australian Administrative Law: Fundamentals, Principles and Doctrines, (pp. 345-367). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Bhabha, J., Crock, M., Finch, N., Schmidt, S. (2007). Seeking Asylum Alone: A Comparative Study. A Comparative Study of Laws, Policy and Practice in Australia, the UK and the US. Sydney: Themis Press.
  • Crock, M. (2007). Seeking Asylum Alone: The Treatment of Unaccompanied and Separated Children in Australia's Refugee Determination Process – Part 1. Immigration Review.
  • Crock, M. (2007). The Heart In Action: The Seeking Asylum Alone Project and the experiences of Unaccompanied and Separated Children in Australia's Refugee Determination Process. Celebration of 125 Years of the Religious of the Sacred Heart in Australia 2007: The Heart in Action- The Refugee Story Forum, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crock, M. (2007). Travelling Solo – Unaccompanied and Seperated Children in Australia's Refugee Process. The Sydney Papers, 19(1), 117-132.

2006

  • Crock, M. (2006). Durable Solutions or Politics of Misery? Refugee Protection in Australia after Tampa. In Natalie Bolzan, Michael Darcy & Jan Mason (Eds.), Fenced In Fenced Out: Border Protection, Asylum and Detention in Australia, (pp. 23-51). Melbourne: Common Ground Publishing.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B., Dastyari, A. (2006). Future Seekers II: Refugees and Irregular Migration in Australia. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M., Friedman, L. (2006). Immigration Control and the Shaping of Australia's Labour Market: Conflicting Ideologies or Historical Imperatives? In C. Arup, P. Gahan, J. Howe, R. Johnstone, R. Mithchell & A. O'Donnell (Eds.), Labour Law and Labour Market Regulation - Essays on the Construction, Constitution and Regulation of Labour Markets and Work Relationships, (pp. 322-343). Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2006), Memorandum on proposed changes to the Migration Act: Submission to the Senate Inquiry on the Migration Amendment (Designated Unauthorised Arrivals) Bill 2006.
  • Crock, M., McAdam, J. (2006). Nauru is No Place for Asylum Seekers. The Australian.
  • Crock, M. (2006). Seeking Asylum Alone: A Study of Australian Law, Policy and Practice Regarding Unaccompanied and Separated Children. Sydney: Themis Press.
  • Crock, M. (2006). Seeking Asylum Alone: The Treatment of Unaccompanied and Separated Children in Australia's Refugee Determination Process. Australian Childrens Rights News, 42, 1-12.

2005

  • Crock, M. (2005). Lonely Refuge: Judicial Responses to Separated Children Seeking Refugee Protection in Australia. Law in Context, 22(2), 120-155.

2004

  • Crock, M., Johns, F. (2004). International Journal of Law and Psychiatry: Migration, Mental Health and Human Rights. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 27(6).
  • Crock, M. (2004). Judging Refugees: The Clash Of Power And Institutions In The Development Of Australian Refugee Law. Sydney Law Review, 26(1), 51-74.
  • Crock, M. (2004). Part II-Movement and stasis: Re-reading refugee and migration laws: Immigration mindsets-how our thinking has shaped migration law in Australia. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 27(6), 571-585. [More Information]
  • Crock, M. (2004), Tragedy of the Bakhtiyari Family.

2003

  • Crock, M. (2003). Book Review - Rubenstein, K 'Australian Citizenship Law in Context'. Sydney Law Review, 25, 125-128.
  • Crock, M. (2003). In the wake of the TAMPA: conflicting visions of international refugee law in the management of refugee flows. Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal, 12(1), 49-95.
  • Crock, M. (2003). The refugees convention at 50: mid-life crisis or terminal inadequacy? An Australian perspective. In Susan Kneebone (Eds.), The Refugees Convention 50 Years On: Globalisation and International Law, (pp. 47-89). UK: Ashgate.

2002

  • Crock, M. (2002). 'You have to be stronger than razor wire': Legal issues relating to the detention of refugees and asylum seekers. Australian Journal of Administrative Law, 10, 33-63.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Contract or Compact: Skilled migration and the dictates of politics and ideology. In Mary Crock and Kerry Lyon (Eds.), Nation Skilling: Migration, Labour and the Law in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, (pp. 49-66). Sydney Australia: Desert Pea Press.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Echos of Old Countries or Brave New World? Legal Responses to Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Australia and New Zealand. Quebec Journal of International Law (revue quebecoise de droit international), 14(1), 55-91.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Editorial. Immigration Review, 2, 2.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Editorial. Immigration Review, 3, 2.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Editorial. Immigration Review, 4, 2.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Editorial. Immigration Review, 1, 3.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B. (2002). Future Seekers: Refugees and the Law in Australia. Australia: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Making sense of the rule of law: Trends in the judicial review of migration decisions. Immigration Review, 8, 9-13.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B. (2002). Nation Skilling: Immigration, Labour and the Law. In Mary Crock and Kerry Lyon (Eds.), Nation Skilling: Migration, Labour and the Law in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, (pp. 1-11). Sydney Australia: Desert Pea Press.
  • Crock, M., Saul, B., Ruddock, P., Yale-Loehr, S., Hoashi-Erhardt, C., Martin, S., Lowell, B., Martin, P., Hugo, G., McCallum, R., Vann, R., Allars, M., et al (2002). NationSkilling: Migration, Labour and the Law.
  • Crock, M., Lyon, K. (2002). Nationskilling: Migration, Labour and the Law in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States. Sydney: Federation Press.
  • Crock, M. (2002). Protecting Australia's Borders. Immigration Review, 1, 14-19.

2001

  • Crock, M. (2001). Contract or Compact: Skilled migration and the dictates of politics and ideology. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 16, 133-154.

2000

  • Crock, M. (2000). A Sanctuary Under Review: Where to From Here for Australia's Refugee and Humanitarian Processes. UNSW Law Journal, 23(3), 246-287.
  • Crock, M. (2000). Boat People in Australia. Polemic, 10, 46-50.
  • Crock, M. (2000). Of Fortress Australia and Castles in the Air: The High Court and the Judicial Review of Migration Decisions. Melbourne University Law Review, 24, 190-217.

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