Professor Patricia Apps

MED (Yale) PhD (Camb)
Professor of Public Economics

F10 - Law School (Camperdown)
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 0241
Fax +61 2 9351 0200

Website Papers on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN)
Research Papers on IZA

Biographical details

Patricia Apps is Professor of Public Economics, Faculty of Law, University of Sydney, Adjunct Professor, Australian National University, and Adjunct Professor, University of Technology, Sydney. She is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia, a Research Fellow of the Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Germany, and a Research Fellow of the Centre for Household, Income, Labor and Demographic Economics (CHILD), Italy. In 2006 she was the elected President of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE) and gave the Presidential Address at the XX Annual Conference held in Verona, Italy. Her research covers a wide range of areas in Public Economics. She has undertaken extensive empirical and theoretical analysis of the effects of tax policy on household labour supply, saving and fertility decisions, and has been a major contributor to the new literature on the economics of household. Her work has appeared in the leading international journals in economics and specialist journals in the field. She is joint author of Public Economics and the Household (Cambridge University Press, UK, 2009).

Research interests

  • Public economics
  • Welfare state
  • Health policy
  • Law and economics
  • Taxation
  • Labour markets
  • Income distribution

Recent discussion papers

Selected grants

2012

  • Growing Inequality in Incomes and Wealth and the Taxation of Capital Income: An Economic and Legal Analysis; Apps P, Vann R, Rees R, Loutzenhiser G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2010

  • Taxation, family policy and pension reform in an uncertain economy; Apps P, Booth A, Breunig R, Rees R, van Soest A; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2008

  • A Lifecycle Approach to Labour Supply, Human Capital Accumulation and Public Policy; Apps P, Rees R, Walker I, Rees R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2005

  • Modelling the labour market and the impact of the tax-benefit systems in employment and GDP; Apps P, Booth A, Rees R, Booth A, Rees R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2004

  • Program Grant - Individual decision making, welfare measurement and policy evaluation in the health sector : A microeconometric approach.; Viney R, Hall J, Fiebig D, Louviere J, Apps P, Viney R, Savage E; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Program Grants.

2002

  • Taxation and the welfare state: implications of current policy directions for saving, fertility, economic growth and inequality; Apps P, Breunig R, Rees R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2000

  • Tax benefit reform in the context of globalisation; Apps P, Burns L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Large Research Grants (LRG).

Selected publications

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Books

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2009). Public Economics and the Household. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Apps, P. (1981). A Theory of Inequality and Taxation. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Book Chapters

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2011). Household Time Use, Inequality and Taxation. In Jose Alberto Molina (Eds.), Household Economic Behaviors, (pp. 57-81). New York: Springer.
  • Apps, P. (2010). Why the Henry Review Fails on Family Tax Reform. In Chris Evans, Richard Krever and Peter Mellor (Eds.), Australias Future Tax System: The Prospects After Henry. Essays in Honour of John W Freebairn, (pp. 103-127). Sydney, Australia: Thomson Reuters.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2009). Taxation, Labour Supply and Saving. In Head, John~Krever, Richard~ (Eds.), Tax Reform in the 21st Century: A Volume in Memory of Richard Musgrave, (pp. 187-215). Netherlands: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business (Kluwer Law International).
  • Apps, P. (2007). The New Discrimination and Childcare. In Elizabeth Hill, Barbara Pocock and Alison Elliott (Eds.), Kids Count: Better early childhood education and care in Australia, (pp. 75-94). Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2005). Time Use and Child Costs over the Life Cycle. In Daniel S. Hamermesh & Gerald A. Pfann (Eds.), The Economics of Time Use, (pp. 205-235). The Netherlands: Elsevier.
  • Apps, P., Jones, G., Savage, E. (2003). Taxation. In Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick; Riaz Hassan (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Social Sciences in Australia, (pp. 138-152). UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2001). Labour Supply, Household Production and Intra-family Welfare Distribution. In Nicholas Barr (Eds.), Economic Theory And The Welfare State. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Apps, P. (2000). Reforming the Australian Tax-Transfer System. In Hans-Georg Petersen and Patrick Gallagher (Eds.), Tax and Transfer Reform in Australia and Germany, (pp. 201-218). Berlin: Berliner Debatte Wissenschaftsverlag.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1999). Household Taxation, Intra-Household Consumption and Optimal Linear Income Taxation. In Sami Daniel, Philip Arestis and John Grahl (Eds.), Regulation Strategies and Economic Policies, (pp. Chapter 7). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Apps, P. (1997). A Tax Mix Change: Effects on Tax Rates, Labour Supply and Saving Behaviour. In John G Head and Richard Krever (Eds.), Taxation Towards 2000, (pp. 103-121). Sydney: Australian Tax Research Foundation.
  • Apps, P. (1996). Taxation of Families: Individual Taxation Versus Income Splitting. In John G Head and Richard Krever (Eds.), Tax Units and the Tax Rate Scale, (pp. 81-105). Sydney: Australian Tax Research Foundation.
  • Apps, P. (1994). Female labour supply, housework and family welfare. In R. W. Blundell, Ian Preston, Ian Walker (Eds.), Measurement of Household Welfare, (pp. 140-163). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
  • Apps, P. (1992). Tax reform, population ageing and the changing labour supply behaviour of married women. In D. Bos, S. Cnossen (Eds.), Fiscal Implications of an Aging Population. Germany: Springer.

Journals

  • Apps, P., Long, N., Rees, R. (2014). Optimal Piecewise Linear Income Taxation. Journal of Public Economic Theory, 16(4), 523-545. [More Information]
  • Apps, P., Andrienko, Y., Rees, R. (2014). Risk and Precautionary Saving in Two-Person Households. American Economic Review, 104(3), 1040-1046. [More Information]
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2013). Raise top tax rates, not the GST. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 28(3), 679-693.
  • Apps, P., Mendolia, S., Walker, I. (2013). The impact of pre-school on adolescents' outcomes: Evidence from a recent English cohort. Economics of Education Review, 37, 183-199. [More Information]
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2012). Testing the Pareto Efficiency of Household Resource Allocations. Ekonomia, 13-14(1-2), 57-68.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2011). Optimal Taxation and Tax Reform for Two-Earner Households. Cesifo Economic Studies, 57(2), 283-304. [More Information]
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2011). Relational Contracts, Taxation and the Household. Cesifo Economic Studies, 57(2), 245-258. [More Information]
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). Australian family tax reform and the targeting fallacy. The Australian Economic Review, 43(2), 153-175.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). Family Labor Supply, Taxation and Saving in an Imperfect Capital Market. Review of Economics of the Household, 8(3), 297-323.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2007). Genetic Testing, Income Distribution and Insurance Markets. Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, 83-84, 353-368.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R., Wood, M. (2007). Population Ageing, Taxation, Pensions and Health Costs. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 10(2), 79-97.
  • Apps, P. (2007). Taxation and Labour Supply. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 22(3), 89-116.
  • Apps, P. (2006). Family Taxation: An Unfair and Inefficient System. Australian Review of Public Affairs, 7(1), 77-101.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2005). Gender, Time Use, and Public Policy over the Life Cycle. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 21(3), 439-461.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2004). Fertility, Taxation And Family Policy. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 106(4), 745-763.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2004). Taxation and Saving over the Life Cycle. Cesifo Economic Studies, 50(3), 479-502.
  • Apps, P. (2004). The High Taxation Of Working Families. Australian Review of Public Affairs, 5(1), 1-24.
  • Apps, P. (2002). Comment "The Five Economists' Plan: The original ideas and further developments". Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 5(2), 231-237.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2002). Fertility, dependency and social security. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 5(4), 569-585.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2002). Household Production, Full Consumption and the Costs of Children. Labour Economics, 8, 621-648.
  • Apps, P. (2002). Why an earned income tax credit program is a mistake for Australia. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 5(4), 549-568.
  • Apps, P. (2001). Why the Five Economists' Plan for a 'Wage-tax Trade-off' is a Mistake for Australia. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 16, 417-438.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1999). Individual vs. Joint Taxation in Models with Household Production. Journal of Political Economy, 107, 393-403.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1999). On the Taxation of Trade Within and Between Households. Journal of Public Economics, 73(2), 241-263.
  • Apps, P. (1999). Tax-Reform, Ideology and Gender. Sydney Law Review, 21, 437-452.
  • Apps, P. (1998). Tax-Benefit Reform. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 14, 455-486.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1997). Collective Labor Supply and Household Production. Journal of Political Economy, 105, 178-190.
  • Apps, P. (1997). Effects of a Tax-Mix Change. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 13(4), 401-427.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1996). Labour Supply, Household Production and Intra-Family Welfare Distribution. Journal of Public Economics, 60, 199-219.
  • Apps, P. (1991). Tax reform, population ageing and the changing labour supply behaviour of married women. Journal of Population Economics, 4(3), 201-216.
  • Apps, P., Savage, E. (1989). Labour Supply, Welfare Rankings and the Measurement of Inequality. Journal of Public Economics, 39(3), 335-364.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1988). Taxation and the Household. Journal of Public Economics, 35(3), 355-369.
  • Apps, P., Jones, G. (1986). Selective Taxation of Couples. Journal of Economics, Supplement 5, 1-15.
  • Apps, P. (1985). Comment on "The Relative Deprivation Curve and Its Applications". Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 3(2), 169-171. [More Information]
  • Apps, P. (1982). Institutional Inequality and Tax Incidence. Journal of Public Economics, 18(2), 217-242.

Conferences

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2014). Inequality, Heterogeneity and the Household. The Economics of Gender and the Household Conference 2014, Paris, France: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2014). Tax reform, rising inequality and demographic change. 2nd Asia and the Pacific Policy Society Annual Conference (APPS2) 2014: G20's Policy Challenges for Asia and the Pacific, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2013). Optimal Taxation of Capital Income. Munich-Sydney Conference on the Law and Economics of Taxation 2013, Munich, Germany: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2013). Optimal Taxation, Child Care and Models of the Household. The 2013 Annual Conference of the Royal Economic Society (RES 2013), London, England: Presentation.
  • Rees, R., Andrienko, Y., Apps, P. (2013). Risk and Saving in Two-Person Households: More Scope for Precautionary Saving. The 2013 Annual Conference of the Royal Economic Society (RES 2013), London, England: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Kabetek, J., Rees, R., van Soest, A. (2012). Labour Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children. NATSEM International Workshop, "Child Care, Work, and Family: issues for Australian Policy", Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2012). Optimal Taxation, Child Care and Models of the Household. 26th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2012), Bern, Switzerland: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2012). Why Taxation Based on Household Income is Gender Biased. Workshop on the Economics of Gender 2012, Nice, France: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). A New Household Perspective on Family Income Taxation. Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law Workshop on "Taxation and the Family", Munich, Germany: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). Family Labour Supply, Child Care and Taxation. Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law Workshop on "Taxation and the Family", Munich, Germany: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). Family Labour Supply, Child Care and Taxation. ANU College of Business and Economics Workshop on Resource Allocation and Welfare within the Family, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2010). Taxation, Savings and Family Tax Benefits over the Life-Cycle. Australia's Future Tax System: A Post-Henry Review, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2010). Why the Henry Review's Family Tax Reform Recommendations are Unsustainable. University of Sydney's Women and Tax Seminar, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2009). Family Time Use and Tax Policy over the Life Cycle. Changing Labour Relations Conference 2009, Utrecht, The Netherlands: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2009). Life Cycle Time Allocation and Saving in an Imperfect Capital Market. Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement (Netspar) Pension Workshop 2009, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2009). Tax Reform and the Economics of the Household. Australian Treasury Tax Review Seminars 2009, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2008). Household Taxation, Childcare and Female Labour Supply Heterogeneity. Workshop on the labour market behaviour of couples: how do they work?, France: Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG).
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2008). Life Cycle Time Use. International Association for Time Use Research (IATUR) Conference, Sydney: International Association for Time Use Research (IATUR).
  • Apps, P. (2008). Taxation, Labour Supply and Saving. Conference in Honour of Richard Musgrave, Melbourne: Taxation Law and Policy Research Institute, Monash University.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2008). The Taxation of Couples. XXII Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2008), London: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P. (2007). Labour Supply and Tax Policy: Some OECD Comparisons. New Zealand Association of Economists Annual Conference 2007, New Zealand: New Zealand Association of Economists.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2007). Lifecycle Consumption and Labor Supply, Heterogeinty and Public Supply. XXI Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2007), Spain: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P. (2006). Female Labour Supply, Taxation and the New Discrimination. XX Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2006), Italy: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P., Wood, M. (2006). Superannuation, Labour Supply and Gender Equity. Women in Social & Economic Research and the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia Workshop on Communicating the Gendered Impact of Economic Policies: The Case of Women's Retirement Incomes WiSER/ASSA 2006, Australia: Curtin Business School.
  • Apps, P. (2005). Taxation, Household Time Use and Heterogeneity. XIX Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2005), Spain: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P. (2004). The High Taxation of Working Families. The Joint Australian Council of Social Service and Construction Forestry Mining & Energy Union Conference ACOSS/CFMEU 2004, Australia: Australian Council of Social Service.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2004). The Household, Time Use and Tax Policy. 18th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2004), Bergen, Norway: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Effects of Family Tax Reform on Life Cycle Saving. CESifo 4th Venice Summer Institute 2003, Germany: Ifo Institute for Economic Research.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Household Consumption, Domestic Production and Saving over the Life Cycle. XVII Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2003), Spain: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Life Cycle Health Costs and Living Standards. 32nd Australian Conference of Economists ACE 2003, Australia: Economic Society of Australia.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Life Cycle Time Allocation and Saving in an Imperfect Capital Market. National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. Summer Institute NBER 2003, United States: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Rees, R., Apps, P. (2003). Taxing Couples. CESifo 4th Venice Summer Institute 2003, Germany: Ifo Institute for Economic Research.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R., Savage, E. (2003). The Economics of a Two Tier Health System: A Fairer Medicare? 25th Australian Conference of Health Economists 2003, Australia: Australian Health Economics Society.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Time Use and Child Costs over the Life Cycle. International Time Use Network Conference 2003, St Gerlach, The Netherlands: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2002). Gender, Time Use and Labor Allocation. World Bank Workshop: Gender and Development 2002, United States: The World Bank.
  • Apps, P. (2002). Why An Earned Income Tax Credit Program is a Mistake for Australia. FH Gruen Public Lecture 2002, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2000). Fertility, Saving and Pension Reform: Fallacies Underpinning Current Policy Directions. Ninth Annual Colloquium of Superannuation Research, Sydney: University of New South Wales.

2014

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2014). Inequality, Heterogeneity and the Household. The Economics of Gender and the Household Conference 2014, Paris, France: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Long, N., Rees, R. (2014). Optimal Piecewise Linear Income Taxation. Journal of Public Economic Theory, 16(4), 523-545. [More Information]
  • Apps, P., Andrienko, Y., Rees, R. (2014). Risk and Precautionary Saving in Two-Person Households. American Economic Review, 104(3), 1040-1046. [More Information]
  • Apps, P. (2014). Tax reform, rising inequality and demographic change. 2nd Asia and the Pacific Policy Society Annual Conference (APPS2) 2014: G20's Policy Challenges for Asia and the Pacific, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.

2013

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2013). Optimal Taxation of Capital Income. Munich-Sydney Conference on the Law and Economics of Taxation 2013, Munich, Germany: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2013). Optimal Taxation, Child Care and Models of the Household. The 2013 Annual Conference of the Royal Economic Society (RES 2013), London, England: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2013). Raise top tax rates, not the GST. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 28(3), 679-693.
  • Rees, R., Andrienko, Y., Apps, P. (2013). Risk and Saving in Two-Person Households: More Scope for Precautionary Saving. The 2013 Annual Conference of the Royal Economic Society (RES 2013), London, England: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Mendolia, S., Walker, I. (2013). The impact of pre-school on adolescents' outcomes: Evidence from a recent English cohort. Economics of Education Review, 37, 183-199. [More Information]

2012

  • Apps, P., Kabetek, J., Rees, R., van Soest, A. (2012). Labour Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children. NATSEM International Workshop, "Child Care, Work, and Family: issues for Australian Policy", Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2012). Optimal Taxation, Child Care and Models of the Household. 26th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2012), Bern, Switzerland: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2012). Testing the Pareto Efficiency of Household Resource Allocations. Ekonomia, 13-14(1-2), 57-68.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2012). Why Taxation Based on Household Income is Gender Biased. Workshop on the Economics of Gender 2012, Nice, France: Presentation.

2011

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2011). Household Time Use, Inequality and Taxation. In Jose Alberto Molina (Eds.), Household Economic Behaviors, (pp. 57-81). New York: Springer.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2011). Optimal Taxation and Tax Reform for Two-Earner Households. Cesifo Economic Studies, 57(2), 283-304. [More Information]
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2011). Relational Contracts, Taxation and the Household. Cesifo Economic Studies, 57(2), 245-258. [More Information]

2010

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). A New Household Perspective on Family Income Taxation. Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law Workshop on "Taxation and the Family", Munich, Germany: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). Australian family tax reform and the targeting fallacy. The Australian Economic Review, 43(2), 153-175.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). Family Labor Supply, Taxation and Saving in an Imperfect Capital Market. Review of Economics of the Household, 8(3), 297-323.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). Family Labour Supply, Child Care and Taxation. Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law Workshop on "Taxation and the Family", Munich, Germany: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2010). Family Labour Supply, Child Care and Taxation. ANU College of Business and Economics Workshop on Resource Allocation and Welfare within the Family, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2010). Taxation, Savings and Family Tax Benefits over the Life-Cycle. Australia's Future Tax System: A Post-Henry Review, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2010). Why the Henry Review Fails on Family Tax Reform. In Chris Evans, Richard Krever and Peter Mellor (Eds.), Australias Future Tax System: The Prospects After Henry. Essays in Honour of John W Freebairn, (pp. 103-127). Sydney, Australia: Thomson Reuters.
  • Apps, P. (2010). Why the Henry Review's Family Tax Reform Recommendations are Unsustainable. University of Sydney's Women and Tax Seminar, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.

2009

  • Apps, P. (2009). Family Time Use and Tax Policy over the Life Cycle. Changing Labour Relations Conference 2009, Utrecht, The Netherlands: Presentation.
  • Apps, P. (2009). Life Cycle Time Allocation and Saving in an Imperfect Capital Market. Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement (Netspar) Pension Workshop 2009, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2009). Public Economics and the Household. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Apps, P. (2009). Tax Reform and the Economics of the Household. Australian Treasury Tax Review Seminars 2009, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2009). Taxation, Labour Supply and Saving. In Head, John~Krever, Richard~ (Eds.), Tax Reform in the 21st Century: A Volume in Memory of Richard Musgrave, (pp. 187-215). Netherlands: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business (Kluwer Law International).

2008

  • Apps, P. (2008). Household Taxation, Childcare and Female Labour Supply Heterogeneity. Workshop on the labour market behaviour of couples: how do they work?, France: Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG).
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2008). Life Cycle Time Use. International Association for Time Use Research (IATUR) Conference, Sydney: International Association for Time Use Research (IATUR).
  • Apps, P. (2008). Taxation, Labour Supply and Saving. Conference in Honour of Richard Musgrave, Melbourne: Taxation Law and Policy Research Institute, Monash University.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2008). The Taxation of Couples. XXII Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2008), London: European Society for Population Economics.

2007

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2007). Genetic Testing, Income Distribution and Insurance Markets. Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, 83-84, 353-368.
  • Apps, P. (2007). Labour Supply and Tax Policy: Some OECD Comparisons. New Zealand Association of Economists Annual Conference 2007, New Zealand: New Zealand Association of Economists.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2007). Lifecycle Consumption and Labor Supply, Heterogeinty and Public Supply. XXI Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2007), Spain: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R., Wood, M. (2007). Population Ageing, Taxation, Pensions and Health Costs. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 10(2), 79-97.
  • Apps, P. (2007). Taxation and Labour Supply. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 22(3), 89-116.
  • Apps, P. (2007). The New Discrimination and Childcare. In Elizabeth Hill, Barbara Pocock and Alison Elliott (Eds.), Kids Count: Better early childhood education and care in Australia, (pp. 75-94). Sydney: Sydney University Press.

2006

  • Apps, P. (2006). Family Taxation: An Unfair and Inefficient System. Australian Review of Public Affairs, 7(1), 77-101.
  • Apps, P. (2006). Female Labour Supply, Taxation and the New Discrimination. XX Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2006), Italy: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P., Wood, M. (2006). Superannuation, Labour Supply and Gender Equity. Women in Social & Economic Research and the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia Workshop on Communicating the Gendered Impact of Economic Policies: The Case of Women's Retirement Incomes WiSER/ASSA 2006, Australia: Curtin Business School.

2005

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2005). Gender, Time Use, and Public Policy over the Life Cycle. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 21(3), 439-461.
  • Apps, P. (2005). Taxation, Household Time Use and Heterogeneity. XIX Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2005), Spain: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2005). Time Use and Child Costs over the Life Cycle. In Daniel S. Hamermesh & Gerald A. Pfann (Eds.), The Economics of Time Use, (pp. 205-235). The Netherlands: Elsevier.

2004

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2004). Fertility, Taxation And Family Policy. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 106(4), 745-763.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2004). Taxation and Saving over the Life Cycle. Cesifo Economic Studies, 50(3), 479-502.
  • Apps, P. (2004). The High Taxation Of Working Families. Australian Review of Public Affairs, 5(1), 1-24.
  • Apps, P. (2004). The High Taxation of Working Families. The Joint Australian Council of Social Service and Construction Forestry Mining & Energy Union Conference ACOSS/CFMEU 2004, Australia: Australian Council of Social Service.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2004). The Household, Time Use and Tax Policy. 18th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2004), Bergen, Norway: Presentation.

2003

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Effects of Family Tax Reform on Life Cycle Saving. CESifo 4th Venice Summer Institute 2003, Germany: Ifo Institute for Economic Research.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Household Consumption, Domestic Production and Saving over the Life Cycle. XVII Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2003), Spain: European Society for Population Economics.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Life Cycle Health Costs and Living Standards. 32nd Australian Conference of Economists ACE 2003, Australia: Economic Society of Australia.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Life Cycle Time Allocation and Saving in an Imperfect Capital Market. National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. Summer Institute NBER 2003, United States: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Apps, P., Jones, G., Savage, E. (2003). Taxation. In Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick; Riaz Hassan (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Social Sciences in Australia, (pp. 138-152). UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Rees, R., Apps, P. (2003). Taxing Couples. CESifo 4th Venice Summer Institute 2003, Germany: Ifo Institute for Economic Research.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R., Savage, E. (2003). The Economics of a Two Tier Health System: A Fairer Medicare? 25th Australian Conference of Health Economists 2003, Australia: Australian Health Economics Society.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2003). Time Use and Child Costs over the Life Cycle. International Time Use Network Conference 2003, St Gerlach, The Netherlands: Presentation.

2002

  • Apps, P. (2002). Comment "The Five Economists' Plan: The original ideas and further developments". Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 5(2), 231-237.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2002). Fertility, dependency and social security. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 5(4), 569-585.
  • Apps, P. (2002). Gender, Time Use and Labor Allocation. World Bank Workshop: Gender and Development 2002, United States: The World Bank.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2002). Household Production, Full Consumption and the Costs of Children. Labour Economics, 8, 621-648.
  • Apps, P. (2002). Why an earned income tax credit program is a mistake for Australia. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 5(4), 549-568.
  • Apps, P. (2002). Why An Earned Income Tax Credit Program is a Mistake for Australia. FH Gruen Public Lecture 2002, Canberra, ACT: Presentation.

2001

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (2001). Labour Supply, Household Production and Intra-family Welfare Distribution. In Nicholas Barr (Eds.), Economic Theory And The Welfare State. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Apps, P. (2001). Why the Five Economists' Plan for a 'Wage-tax Trade-off' is a Mistake for Australia. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 16, 417-438.

2000

  • Apps, P. (2000). Fertility, Saving and Pension Reform: Fallacies Underpinning Current Policy Directions. Ninth Annual Colloquium of Superannuation Research, Sydney: University of New South Wales.
  • Apps, P. (2000). Reforming the Australian Tax-Transfer System. In Hans-Georg Petersen and Patrick Gallagher (Eds.), Tax and Transfer Reform in Australia and Germany, (pp. 201-218). Berlin: Berliner Debatte Wissenschaftsverlag.

1999

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1999). Household Taxation, Intra-Household Consumption and Optimal Linear Income Taxation. In Sami Daniel, Philip Arestis and John Grahl (Eds.), Regulation Strategies and Economic Policies, (pp. Chapter 7). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1999). Individual vs. Joint Taxation in Models with Household Production. Journal of Political Economy, 107, 393-403.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1999). On the Taxation of Trade Within and Between Households. Journal of Public Economics, 73(2), 241-263.
  • Apps, P. (1999). Tax-Reform, Ideology and Gender. Sydney Law Review, 21, 437-452.

1998

  • Apps, P. (1998). Tax-Benefit Reform. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 14, 455-486.

1997

  • Apps, P. (1997). A Tax Mix Change: Effects on Tax Rates, Labour Supply and Saving Behaviour. In John G Head and Richard Krever (Eds.), Taxation Towards 2000, (pp. 103-121). Sydney: Australian Tax Research Foundation.
  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1997). Collective Labor Supply and Household Production. Journal of Political Economy, 105, 178-190.
  • Apps, P. (1997). Effects of a Tax-Mix Change. Australian Tax Forum: a journal of taxation policy, law and reform, 13(4), 401-427.

1996

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1996). Labour Supply, Household Production and Intra-Family Welfare Distribution. Journal of Public Economics, 60, 199-219.
  • Apps, P. (1996). Taxation of Families: Individual Taxation Versus Income Splitting. In John G Head and Richard Krever (Eds.), Tax Units and the Tax Rate Scale, (pp. 81-105). Sydney: Australian Tax Research Foundation.

1994

  • Apps, P. (1994). Female labour supply, housework and family welfare. In R. W. Blundell, Ian Preston, Ian Walker (Eds.), Measurement of Household Welfare, (pp. 140-163). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

1992

  • Apps, P. (1992). Tax reform, population ageing and the changing labour supply behaviour of married women. In D. Bos, S. Cnossen (Eds.), Fiscal Implications of an Aging Population. Germany: Springer.

1991

  • Apps, P. (1991). Tax reform, population ageing and the changing labour supply behaviour of married women. Journal of Population Economics, 4(3), 201-216.

1989

  • Apps, P., Savage, E. (1989). Labour Supply, Welfare Rankings and the Measurement of Inequality. Journal of Public Economics, 39(3), 335-364.

1988

  • Apps, P., Rees, R. (1988). Taxation and the Household. Journal of Public Economics, 35(3), 355-369.

1986

  • Apps, P., Jones, G. (1986). Selective Taxation of Couples. Journal of Economics, Supplement 5, 1-15.

1985

  • Apps, P. (1985). Comment on "The Relative Deprivation Curve and Its Applications". Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 3(2), 169-171. [More Information]

1982

  • Apps, P. (1982). Institutional Inequality and Tax Incidence. Journal of Public Economics, 18(2), 217-242.

1981

  • Apps, P. (1981). A Theory of Inequality and Taxation. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

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