Faculty of Law Policy on moderation of grades

The purpose of this policy is to ensure an appropriate degree of fairness and consistency in assessment. It will allow a meaningful comparison of marks, where a grade given in one subject signifies a level of achievement that is similar to that reflected by the same grade in another subject. In this way, the standardisation policy aims to support students (by promoting fairness and transparency), to assist academics (by providing appropriate guidance in their assessment of students’ works), and be more useful and transparent for other universities (who look at students’ grades for accreditation and admission purposes) and for prospective employers. The standardisation policy also aims not only to ensure an appropriate degree of fairness and consistency in marking across a particular year, but from year-to-year, to ensure relative stability in the level of marks awarded, and to maintain the integrity of the marks given and to avert “grade inflation” and its consequent impact on the award of honours and ranking on graduation.

Final results in each Unit of Study must be submitted to the Committee of Examiners, or, where there is no scheduled meeting of the Committee, to the Pro Dean who will exercise the Committee’s functions.

The Committee will scrutinize the results of each unit of study to ensure compliance with this policy on grade distribution and parity.

Where JD and LLB students are taught the same syllabus and complete the same assessment in a semester, all students will be treated as if they were enrolled in the same unit of study for the purposes of this policy.

Passing grades in undergraduate and JD units shall conform to the following distribution:
4.1 No more than 40% of the students may receive a grade of D or above.
4.2 The range of HD grades must be between 3-10% of the total number of students.
4.3 A minimum of 10% D grades must be awarded.
The percentages in this clause may be applied so as to allow the rounding up or down to the nearest whole number of students.

Paragraph 4 does not apply to units of study with fewer than 25 students enrolled on the first day of the examination period.

With the object of achieving fairness and consistency, in compulsory units of study in which there is more than one group and in multi-group elective units, the examiners should co-ordinate the results in order to ensure a reasonable degree of parity between the different groups in a unit in respect of HD and D grades.

The Committee of Examiners may be convinced by evidence that fairness and consistency across groups have been achieved even though there is not parity between groups in a unit of study.

This policy applies to units of study in summer and winter schools.