Sentence stages

There are two essential, functional stages in the Information Structure of a simple sentence (or clause). Information in a sentence needs to be organised into the two stages according to the function you wish it to have.

Stage 1 is referred to here as Theme, and Stage 2 as New. Each stage is identified by its position in the sentence with Theme at the beginning and New at the end.

Beginning of sentence End of sentence
Stage 1. THEME Stage 2. NEW
e.g. The aim of this online course

is to improve your academic writing.

Examples

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