Dr Barend (Ben) Marais

Associate Professor
Paediatrics & Child Health, Children's Hospital, Westmead

C29 - Children's Hospital Westmead
The University of Sydney
NSW 2006 Australia

T: +61 2 9845 3433
W: Related website
Curriculum vitae

Biographical details

Paediatrician - trained in South Africa. Working as an Infectious Diseases (ID) consultant at the Children's Hospital Westmead. Has a keen interest in global child health and maintenance of ecological resilience, which is essential for optimal and sustainable health outcomes.

Research interests

Research interests include: tuberculosis (epidemiology, strain diversity/evolution, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, drug resistance, TB/HIV, operations research); paediatric infectious diseases in general, particularly imported disease; cross-disciplinary research involving an ecological understanding of emerging infections and global biosecurity

Teaching areas

Paediatric Infectious Diseases

General paediatrics, global health

International links

India. (TB Research Institue Chennai CMC Vellore) Joint research protocols on childhood tuberculosis and drug resistant infections.
Uganda. (MSF research unit at Mbarara) MSF research unit scientific advisory committee.
Indonesia. (Hasanuddin University, Makassar Eijkman Institute, Jakarta Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta) Working together on tuberculosis and other infectious diseases research projects.
Vietnam. (National TB control programme) Part of WHO TB programme review committee - links with existing research project under leadership of proff. Guy Marks and Warwick Britton review.
South Africa. (Stellenbosch University) This is my alma mater - many existing links, especially related to tuberculosis research.


2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008


  • Marais, B. (2014), Quantifying the tuberculosis disease burden in children. Lancet. 383(9928), 1530-1531. [Abstract]
  • Graham, S., Sismanidis, C., Menzies, H., Marais, B., Detjen, A., Black, R. (2014), Importance of tuberculosis control to address child survival. Lancet. 383(9928), 1605-1607. [Abstract]
  • Morkel, G., Bekker, A., Marais, B., Kirsten, G., van Wyk, J., Dramowski, A. (2014), Bloodstream infections and antimicrobial resistance patterns in a South African neonatal intensive care unit. Paediatrics and International Child Health. 34(2), 108-114. [Abstract]
  • Solomons, R., van Elsland, S., Visser, D., Hoek, K., Marais, B., Schoeman, J., van Furth, A. (2014), Commercial nucleic acid amplification tests in tuberculous meningitis--a meta-analysis. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease. 78(4), 398-403. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Schaaf, H., Graham, S. (2014), Child health and tuberculosis. The Lancet. Respiratory Medicine. 2(4), 254-256. [Abstract]
  • Majumdar, S., Marais, B., Denholm, J., Britton, W. (2014), Drug-resistant tuberculosis: collaborative regional leadership required. The Medical Journal of Australia. 200, 241-242. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Tadolini, M., Zignol, M., Migliori, G. (2014), Paediatric tuberculosis in Europe: lessons from Denmark and inclusive strategies to consider. The European Respiratory Journal. 43, 678-684. [Abstract]
  • Tagaro, M., Harries, A., Kool, B., Ram, S., Viney, K., Marais, B., Tarivonda, L. (2014), Tuberculosis case burden and treatment outcomes in children, adults and older adults, Vanuatu, 2007¿2011. Public Health Action. 4(2), S14-S18.
  • Fanai, S., Viney, K., Tarivonda, L., Roseveare, C., Tagaro, M., Marais, B. (2014), Profile of tuberculosis patients with delayed sputum smear conversion in the Pacific island of Vanuatu. Public Health Action. 4(Suppl 1), S19-S24.
  • Harries, A., Marais, B., Kool, B., Ram, S., Kumar, A., Gounder, S., Viney, K., Brostrom, R., Roseveare, C., Bissell, K., Reid, A., Zachariah, R., Hill, P. (2014), Mentorship for operational research capacity building: hands-on or hands-off?. Public Health Action. 4(S), S56-S58.
  • Hill, P., Dye, C., Viney, K., Tabutoa, K., Kienene, T., Bissell, K., Williams, B., Zachariah, R., Marais, B., Harries, A. (2014), Mass treatment to eliminate tuberculosis from an island population. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 18(8), 899-904.
  • Matoto, V., Viney, K., Roseveare, C., Colagiuri, R., Marais, B. (2014), Burden and spectrum of disease in people with diabetes in Tonga. Public Health Action. 4(Suppl 1), S44-S49.


  • Kapata, N., Chanda-Kapata, P., O'Grady, J., Bates, M., Mwaba, P., Janssen, S., Marais, B., Cobelens, F., Grobusch, M., Zumla, A. (2013), Trends in Childhood Tuberculosis in Zambia: A Situation Analysis. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. 59(2), 134-139. [Abstract]
  • Walters, E., Reichmuth, K., Dramowski, A., Marais, B., Cotton, M., Rabie, H. (2013), Antiretroviral Regimens Containing a Single Protease Inhibitor Increase Risk of Virologic Failure in Young HIV-Infected Children. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 32(4), 361-363. [Abstract]
  • Murray, E., Bond, V., Marais, B., Godfrey-Faussett, P., Ayles, H., Beyers, N. (2013), High levels of vulnerability and anticipated stigma reduce the impetus for tuberculosis diagnosis in Cape Town, South Africa. Health Policy and Planning. 28(4), 410-418. [Abstract]
  • Britton, P., Perez-Velez, C., Marais, B. (2013), Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis in children. New South Wales Public Health Bulletin. 24(1), 15-21. [Abstract]
  • Mandalakas, A., Hesseling, A., Gie, R., Schaaf, H., Marais, B., Sinanovic, E. (2013), Modelling the cost-effectiveness of strategies to prevent tuberculosis in child contacts in a high-burden setting. Thorax. 68(3), 247-255. [Abstract]
  • Seddon, J., Perez-Velez, C., Schaaf, H., Furin, J., Marais, B., Tebruegge, M., Detjen, A., Hesseling, A., Shah, S., Adams, L., Starke, J., Swaminathan, S., Becerra, M. (2013), Consensus Statement on Research Definitions for Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Children. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. 2(2), 100-109. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Mlambo, C., Rastogi, N., Zozio, T., Duse, A., Victor, T., Marais, E., Warren, R. (2013), Epidemic spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Johannesburg, South Africa. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 51(6), 1818-1825. [Abstract]
  • Lawn, S., Mwaba, P., Bates, M., Piatek, A., Alexander, H., Marais, B., Cuevas, L., McHugh, T., Zijenah, L., Kapata, N., Abubakar, I., McNerney, R., Hoelscher, M., Memish, Z., Migliori, G., Kim, P., Maeurer, M., Schito, M., Zumla, A. (2013), Advances in tuberculosis diagnostics: the Xpert MTB/RIF assay and future prospects for a point-of-care test. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 13(4), 349-361. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Graham, S., Maeurer, M., Zumla, A. (2013), Progress and challenges in childhood tuberculosis. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 13(4), 287-289. [Abstract]
  • Ho, J., Marais, B., Gilbert, G., Ralph, A. (2013), Diagnosing tuberculous meningitis - have we made any progress?. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 18(6), 783-793. [Abstract]
  • Abubakar, I., Zignol, M., Falzon, D., Raviglione, M., Ditiu, L., Masham, S., Adetifa, I., Ford, N., Cox, H., Lawn, S., Marais, B., McHugh, T., Mwaba, P., Bates, M., Lipman, M., Zijenah, L., Logan, S., McNerney, R., Zumla, A., Sarda, K., Nahid, P., Hoelscher, M., Pletschette, M., Memish, Z., Kim, P., Hafner, R., Cole, S., Migliori, G., Maeurer, M., Schito, M., Zumla, A. (2013), Drug-resistant tuberculosis: time for visionary political leadership. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 13(6), 529-539. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Lönnroth, K., Lawn, S., Migliori, G., Mwaba, P., Glaziou, P., Bates, M., Colagiuri, R., Zijenah, L., Swaminathan, S., Memish, Z., Pletschette, M., Hoelscher, M., Abubakar, I., Hasan, R., Zafar, A., Pantaleo, G., Craig, G., Kim, P., Maeurer, M., Schito, M., Zumla, A. (2013), Tuberculosis comorbidity with communicable and non-communicable diseases: integrating health services and control efforts. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 13(5), 436-448. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Zumla, A. (2013), History of tuberculosis and drug resistance. New England Journal of Medicine. 368(1), 88. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B. (2013), Tuberculosis. Australian Doctor. 2013(30 Aug), 27-34.
  • Britton, P., Yeung, V., Lowbridge, C., Isaacs, D., Marais, B. (2013), Spectrum of Disease in Children Treated for Tuberculosis at a Tertiary Children's Hospital in Australia. Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. 2(3), 224-231.
  • Vanden Driessche, K., Marais, B., Wattenberg, M., Magis-Escurra, C., Reijers, M., Tuinman, I., Boeree, M., van Soolingen, D., de Groot, R., Cotton, M. (2013), The Cough Cylinder: a tool to study measures against airborne spread of (myco-) bacteria. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 17(1), 46-53. [Abstract]
  • Khatami, A., Isaacs, D., Marais, B. (2013), Fever in the returned child traveller. MedicineToday. 14(12), 27-38.
  • Marais, B. (2013), Challenges in the use of tests to diagnose tuberculosis infection - In Reply. NSW Public Health Bulletin. 24(2), 92-93.
  • Vanden Driessche, K., Persson, A., Marais, B., Fink, P., Urdahl, K. (2013), Immune Vulnerability of Infants to Tuberculosis. Clinical and Developmental Immunology. 1, 781320.


  • Marais, B., Crawford, J., Iredell, J., Ward, M., Simpson, S., Gilbert, L., Griffiths, P., Kamradt-Scott, A., Colagiuri, R., Jones, C., Sorrell, T. (2012), One world, one health: beyond the Millennium Development Goals. Lancet. , 805-806. [Abstract]
  • Perez-Velez, C., Marais, B. (2012), Tuberculosis in children. New England Journal of Medicine. 367(4), 348-361. [Abstract]
  • Bhargava, A., Pai, M., Bhargava, M., Marais, B., Menzies, D. (2012), Can Social Interventions Prevent Tuberculosis? The Papworth Experiment (1918-1943) Revisited. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 186(5), 442-449. [Abstract]
  • Seddon, J., Hesseling, A., Marais, B., Jordaan, A., Victor, T., Schaaf, H. (2012), The evolving epidemic of drug-resistant tuberculosis among children in Cape Town, South Africa. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 16(7), 928-933. [Abstract]
  • Raviglione, M., Marais, B., Floyd, K., Lönnroth, K., Getahun, H., Migliori, G., Harries, A., Nunn, P., Lienhardt, C., Graham, S., Chakaya, J., Weyer, K., Cole, S., Kaufmann, S., Zumla, A. (2012), Scaling up interventions to achieve global tuberculosis control: progress and new developments. Lancet. 379(9829), 1902-1913. [Abstract]
  • McNerney, R., Maeurer, M., Abubakar, I., Marais, B., McHugh, T., Ford, N., Weyer, K., Lawn, S., Grobusch, M., Memish, Z., Squire, S., Pantaleo, G., Chakaya, J., Casenghi, M., Migliori, G., Mwaba, P., Zijenah, L., Hoelscher, M., Cox, H., Swaminathan, S., Kim, P., Schito, M., Harari, A., Bates, M., Schwank, S., O'Grady, J., Pletschette, M., Ditui, L., Atun, R., Zumla, A. (2012), Tuberculosis diagnostics and biomarkers: needs, challenges, recent advances, and opportunities. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 205(Suppl 2), S147-S158. [Abstract]
  • Graham, S., Ahmed, T., Amanullah, F., Browning, R., Cardenas, V., Casenghi, M., Cuevas, L., Gale, M., Gie, R., Grzemska, M., Handelsman, E., Hatherill, M., Hesseling, A., Jean-Philippe, P., Kampmann, B., Kabra, S., Lienhardt, C., Lighter-Fisher, J., Madhi, S., Makhene, M., Marais, B., McNeeley, D., Menzies, H., Mitchell, C., Modi, S., Mofenson, L., Musoke, P., Nachman, S., Powell, C., Rigaud, M., Rouzier, V., Starke, J., Swaminathan, S., Wingfield, C. (2012), Evaluation of tuberculosis diagnostics in children: 1. Proposed clinical case definitions for classification of intrathoracic tuberculosis disease. Consensus from an expert panel. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 205(Suppl 2), S199-S208. [Abstract]
  • Zumla, A., Abubakar, I., Raviglione, M., Hoelscher, M., Ditiu, L., McHugh, T., Squire, S., Cox, H., Ford, N., McNerney, R., Marais, B., Grobusch, M., Lawn, S., Migliori, G., Mwaba, P., O'Grady, J., Pletschette, M., Ramsay, A., Chakaya, J., Schito, M., Swaminathan, S., Memish, Z., Maeurer, M., Atun, R. (2012), Drug-resistant tuberculosis--current dilemmas, unanswered questions, challenges, and priority needs. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 205(Suppl2), S228-S240. [Abstract]
  • Cuevas, L., Browning, R., Bossuyt, P., Casenghi, M., Cotton, M., Cruz, A., Dodd, L., Drobniewski, F., Gale, M., Graham, S., Grzemska, M., Heinrich, N., Hesseling, A., Huebner, R., Jean-Philippe, P., Kabra, S., Kampmann, B., Lewinsohn, D., Li, M., Lienhardt, C., Mandalakas, A., Marais, B., Menzies, H., Montepiedra, G., Mwansambo, C., Oberhelman, R., Palumbo, P., Russek-Cohen, E., Shapiro, D., Smith, B., Soto-Castellares, G., Starke, J., Swaminathan, S., Wingfield, C., Worrell, C. (2012), Evaluation of tuberculosis diagnostics in children: 2. Methodological issues for conducting and reporting research evaluations of tuberculosis diagnostics for intrathoracic tuberculosis in children. Consensus from an expert panel. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 205(Suppl 2), S209-S115. [Abstract]
  • Raviglione, M., Zumla, A., Marais, B., Horton, R., Motsoaledi, A. (2012), A sustainable agenda for tuberculosis control and research. Lancet. 379(9821), 1077-1078. [Abstract]
  • Mukinda, F., Theron, D., van der Spuy, G., Jacobson, K., Roscher, M., Streicher, E., Musekiwa, A., Coetzee, G., Victor, T., Marais, B., Nachega, J., Warren, R., Schaaf, H. (2012), Rise in rifampicin-monoresistant tuberculosis in Western Cape, South Africa. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 16(2), 196-202. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Schaaf, H., Menzies, D. (2012), Prevention of TB in areas of high incidence. European Respiratory Society Monograph. 58, 84-94.
  • Marais, B., Perez-Velez, C. (2012), Tuberculosis in Children- Author's reply. New England Journal of Medicine. 367(16), 1569.
  • Al-Dabbagh, M., Vanden Driessche, K., Marais, B., Kollmann, T. (2012), Management of Multi-drug-resistant Tuberculosis in Children. European Infectious Disease. 6(1), 35-40.
  • Seddon, J., Hesseling, A., Marais, B., McIlleron, H., Peloquin, C., Donald, P., Schaaf, S. (2012), Paediatric use of second-line anti-tuberculosis agents: A review. Tuberculosis. 92(1), 9-17. [Abstract]
  • Cotton, M., Marais, B., Andersson, M., Eley, B., Rabie, H., Slogrove, A., Dramowski, A., Schaaf, H., Mehtar, S. (2012), Minimizing the risk of non-vertical, non-sexual HIV infection in children--beyond mother to child transmission. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 15(2), 17377. [Abstract]
  • Talukder, K., Salim, M., Jerin, I., Sharmin, F., Talukder, M., Marais, B., Nandi, P., Cooreman, E., Rahman, M. (2012), Intervention to increase detection of childhood tuberculosis in Bangladesh. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 16(1), 70-75. [Abstract]


  • Konstantinos, A., Simpson, G., Sorrell, T., Marais, B. (2011), Doing the right thing for tuberculosis control in the Torres Strait Islands. Medical Journal of Australia. 195(9), 512. [Abstract]
  • Ligthelm, L., Nicol, M., Hoek, K., Jacobson, R., van Helden, P., Marais, B., Warren, R., Wright, C. (2011), Xpert MTB/RIF for rapid diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis from fine-needle-aspiration biopsy specimens. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 49(11), 3967-3970. [Abstract]
  • Uys, P., Marais, B., Johnstone-Robertson, S., Hargrove, J., Wood, R. (2011), Transmission elasticity in communities hyperendemic for tuberculosis. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 52(12), 1399-1404. [Abstract]
  • Al-Dabbagh, M., Lapphra, K., McGloin, R., Inrig, K., Schaaf, H., Marais, B., Sauve, L., Kitai, I., Kollmann, T. (2011), Drug-resistant tuberculosis: pediatric guidelines. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 30(6), 501-505. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Schaaf, H., Donald, P. (2011), Management of tuberculosis in children and new treatment options. Infectious Disorders Drug Targets. 11(2), 144-156. [Abstract]
  • Schaaf, H., Marais, B. (2011), Management of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in children: a survival guide for paediatricians. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. 12(1), 31-38. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B. (2011), Childhood tuberculosis: epidemiology and natural history of disease. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 78(3), 321-327. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Rabie, H., Cotton, M. (2011), TB and HIV in children - advances in prevention and management. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. 12(1), 39-45. [Abstract]
  • Rose, P., Schaaf, H., Marais, B., Gie, R., Stefan, D. (2011), Value of bone marrow biopsy in children with suspected disseminated mycobacterial disease. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 15(2), 200-204. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B. (2011), Impact of tuberculosis on maternal and child health. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 203, 304-305. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B. (2011), What do we know about how to treat tuberculosis?. In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology: Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children VIII. (pp.171-184).United States: Springer.
  • McNeeley, D., Raoof, A., Lin, J., Marais, B. (2011), The Evaluation of New Antituberculosis Drugs in Children. In: Progress in Respiratory Research: Antituberculosis Chemotherapy. (pp.235-242).Switzerland: S. Karger AG.
  • Marais, B., Donald, P. (2011), Tuberculous Lymphadenitis. In: Essentials of Tuberculosis in Children 4Ed. (pp.122-127).India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
  • Du Preez, K., Hesseling, A., Mandalakas, A., Marais, B., Schaaf, H. (2011), Opportunities for chemoprophylaxis in children with culture-confirmed tuberculosis. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. 31(4), 301-310. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B. (2011), On the role of chest CT scanning in a TB outbreak investigation. Chest. , 229. [Abstract]
  • Dramowski, A., Bekker, A., Kirsten, G., Marais, B., Rabie, H., Cotton, M. (2011), A case of congenital measles during the 2010 South African epidemic. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. 31(2), 185-188. [Abstract]
  • Obihara, C., Marais, B., Detjen, A., Van Furth, M. (2011), A Brief Overview of Mycobacterial Diseases in Children. European Infectious Disease. 5(2), 102-111.
  • van Wyk, A., Marais, B., Warren, R., van Wyk, S., Wright, C. (2011), The use of light-emitting diode fluorescence to diagnose mycobacterial lymphadenitis in fine-needle aspirates from children. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 15(1), 56-60. [Abstract]
  • Teasdale, C., Marais, B., Abrams, E. (2011), HIV: prevention of mother-to-child transmission. Clinical Evidence. 2011(01), 909. [Abstract]


  • Marais, S., Pepper, D., Marais, B., Török, M. (2010), HIV-associated tuberculous meningitis - diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland). 90(6), 367-74. [Abstract]
  • Marais, S., Thwaites, G., Schoeman, J., Török, M., Misra, U., Prasad, K., Donald, P., Wilkinson, R., Marais, B. (2010), Tuberculous meningitis: a uniform case definition for use in clinical research. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 10(11), 803-812. [Abstract]
  • Hesseling, A., Marais, B., Kirchner, H., Mandalakas, A., Brittle, W., Victor, T., Warren, R., Schaaf, H. (2010), Mycobacterial genotype is associated with disease phenotype in children. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 14(10), 1252-1258. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Schaaf, H. (2010), Childhood tuberculosis: an emerging and previously neglected problem. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 24(3), 727-749. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., van Helden, P., Donald, P. (2010), Adequacy of 6-month follow-up in chemotherapy trials. The international journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. , 927; author reply 928. [Abstract]
  • Wright, C., Hoek, K., Marais, B., van Helden, P., Warren, R. (2010), Combining fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and high-resolution melt analysis to reduce diagnostic delay in Mycobacterial lymphadenitis. Diagnostic Cytopathology. 38(7), 482-488. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Raviglione, M., Donald, P., Harries, A., Kritski, A., Graham, S., El-Sadr, W., Harrington, M., Churchyard, G., Mwaba, P., Sanne, I., Kaufmann, S., Whitty, C., Atun, R., Zumla, A. (2010), Scale-up of services and research priorities for diagnosis, management, and control of tuberculosis: a call to action. Lancet. 375(9732), 2179-2191. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Gupta, A., Starke, J., El Sony, A. (2010), Tuberculosis in women and children. Lancet. 375(9731), 2057-2059. [Abstract]
  • Stefan, D., Dippenaar, A., Detjen, A., Schaaf, H., Marais, B., Kriel, B., Loebenberg, L., Walzl, G., Hesseling, A. (2010), Interferon-gamma release assays for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in children with cancer. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 14(6), 689-694. [Abstract]
  • Donald, P., Marais, B., Barry, C. (2010), Age and the epidemiology and pathogenesis of tuberculosis. Lancet. 375(9729), 1852-1854. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B. (2010), Does finding M. Tuberculosis in sputum always equal tuberculosis disease?. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. , 195-6; author reply 196-7. [Abstract]
  • Wright, C., Bamford, C., Prince, Y., Vermaak, A., Hoek, K., Marais, B., Warren, R. (2010), Mycobacterial transport medium for routine culture of fine needle aspiration biopsies. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 95(1), 48-50. [Abstract]


  • Marais, B., Schaaf, H., Gie, R., Donald, P. (2009), TB contact screening: which way to go?. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. , 1576-7; author reply 1577-8. [Abstract]
  • Wright, C., Warren, R., Marais, B. (2009), Fine needle aspiration biopsy: an undervalued diagnostic modality in paediatric mycobacterial disease. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 13(12), 1467-1475. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., van Helden, P. (2009), Reconsidering global targets for tuberculosis control. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 87(12), A-B; author reply B-C. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Ayles, H., Graham, S., Godfrey-Faussett, P. (2009), Screening and preventive therapy for tuberculosis. Clinics in Chest Medicine. 30(4), 827-46, x. [Abstract]
  • Wright, C., Hesseling, A., Bamford, C., Burgess, S., Warren, R., Marais, B. (2009), Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: a first-line diagnostic procedure in paediatric tuberculosis suspects with peripheral lymphadenopathy?. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 13(11), 1373-1379. [Abstract]
  • Schaaf, H., Victor, T., Venter, A., Brittle, W., Jordaan, A., Hesseling, A., Marais, B., van Helden, P., Donald, P. (2009), Ethionamide cross- and co-resistance in children with isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 13(11), 1355-1359. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Schaaf, H., Donald, P. (2009), Pediatric TB: issues related to current and future treatment options. Future Microbiology. 4(6), 661-675. [Abstract]
  • Schaaf, H., Marais, B., Hesseling, A., Brittle, W., Donald, P. (2009), Surveillance of antituberculosis drug resistance among children from the Western Cape Province of South Africa--an upward trend. American Journal of Public Health. 99(8), 1486-1490. [Abstract]
  • Hesseling, A., Johnson, L., Jaspan, H., Cotton, M., Whitelaw, A., Schaaf, H., Fine, P., Eley, B., Marais, B., Nuttall, J., Beyers, N., Godfrey-Faussett, P. (2009), Disseminated bacille Calmette-Guérin disease in HIV-infected South African infants. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 87(7), 505-511. [Abstract]
  • Webb, E., Hesseling, A., Schaaf, H., Gie, R., Lombard, C., Spitaels, A., Delport, S., Marais, B., Donald, K., Hindmarsh, P., Beyers, N. (2009), High prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 13(7), 868-874. [Abstract]
  • Warren, R., Streicher, E., Gey van Pittius, N., Marais, B., van der Spuy, G., Victor, T., Sirgel, F., Donald, P., van Helden, P. (2009), The clinical relevance of Mycobacterial pharmacogenetics. Tuberculosis. 89(3), 199-202. [Abstract]
  • Brittle, W., Marais, B., Hesseling, A., Schaaf, H., Kidd, M., Wasserman, E., Botha, T. (2009), Improvement in mycobacterial yield and reduced time to detection in pediatric samples by use of a nutrient broth growth supplement. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 47(5), 1287-1279. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Hesseling, A., Schaaf, H., Gie, R., van Helden, P., Warren, R. (2009), Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission is not related to household genotype in a setting of high endemicity. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 47(5), 1338-1343. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B. (2009), The elephant in the room: the rising cost of health care in America. The Journal of Pediatrics. , 625. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Hesseling, A., Cotton, M. (2009), Poverty and tuberculosis: is it truly a simple inverse linear correlation?. The European Respiratory Journal. , 943-944. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B., Parker, S., Verver, S., van Rie, A., Warren, R. (2009), Primary and postprimary or reactivation tuberculosis: time to revise confusing terminology?. American Journal of Roentgenology. , W198; author reply W199-200. [Abstract]
  • van der Spuy, G., Kremer, K., Ndabambi, S., Beyers, N., Dunbar, R., Marais, B., van Helden, P., Warren, R. (2009), Changing Mycobacterium tuberculosis population highlights clade-specific pathogenic characteristics. Tuberculosis. 89(2), 120-125. [Abstract]
  • Hesseling, A., Caldwell, J., Cotton, M., Eley, B., Jaspan, H., Jennings, K., Marais, B., Nuttall, J., Rabie, H., Roux, P., Schaaf, H. (2009), BCG vaccination in South African HIV-exposed infants--risks and benefits. SAMJ South African Medical Journal. 99(2), 88-91. [Abstract]
  • Rowe, J., Shah, S., Marais, B., Steenhoff, A. (2009), Diagnosis and management of tuberculous meningitis in HIV-infected pediatric patients. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 28(2), 147-148. [Abstract]
  • Marais, B. (2009), Childhood intra-thoracic tuberculosis. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 634, 129-146. [Abstract]
  • Wilson, N., Couper, I., De Vries, E., Reid, S., Fish, T., Marais, B. (2009), A critical review of interventions to redress the inequitable distribution of healthcare professionals to rural and remote areas. Rural and Remote Health. 9(2), 1060. [Abstract]
  • Grobler, L., Marais, B., Mabunda, S., Marindi, P., Reuter, H., Volmink, J. (2009), Interventions for increasing the proportion of health professionals practising in rural and other underserved areas. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 1(1), CD005314. [Abstract]


  • Marais, B. (2008), Performing TB research in children - issues to consider. Indian Pediatrics. 45, 737-739. [Abstract]
  • Wright, C., van der Burg, M., Geiger, D., Noordzij, J., Burgess, S., Marais, B. (2008), Diagnosing mycobacterial lymphadenitis in children using fine needle aspiration biopsy: cytomorphology, ZN staining and autofluorescence -- making more of less. Diagnostic Cytopathology. 36(4), 245-251. [Abstract]