Cardiovascular & Hormonal Research Laboratory
Lab head: Dr Anastasia Susie Mihailidou
Location: Lvl 13, Kolling Building, Royal North Shore Hospital
Lab members: Ms Loan Le Dr Mahidu Mardini Dr Vincent Wong Mr Harris Mihailidis
Funding: National Heart Foundation & North Shore Heart Research Foundation
Research approach equipment: We will use established techniques in our laboratories recently relocated to the Kolling Building. These include Langendorff apparatus for the ischaemia-reperfusion studies, electrophysiology workstations for patch-clamping heart cells and access to equipment to measure molecular changes.
Buckley T, Mihailidou AS, Bartrop R, McKinley S, Ward C, Morel-Kopp M-C, Spinaze M, Hocking B, Tofler G. Increased blood pressure and heart rate during early bereavement: Potential mechanism of increased cardiovascular risk (submitted Heart Lung & Circulation 2010)
Buckley T, Morel-Kopp M-C, Ward C, Bartrop R, McKinley S, Mihailidou AS, Spinaze M, Chen W, Tofler G. Inflammatory and Thrombotic Changes in Early Bereavement: a Prospective Evaluation (submitted European Heart Journal 2010)
Wong V, Mardini M, Cheung W, Mihailidou AS. High dose insulin in experimental myocardial infarction in rabbits: protection against effects of hyperglycaemia.(In Press, Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, 4 March2010)
Head G, MihailidouAS, Duggan K, Beilin LJ, BerryN, Brown MA, Bune A, Cowley D, Chalmers JP, Howe PRC, Hodgson J, Ludbrook J, Mangoni AA, McGrath BP, Morley CM, Nelson MR, Sharman JE, Stowasser M. Relationship between ambulatory and Clinic Blood Pressure: Defining diagnostic and treatment targets. (British Medical Journal, Online April 2010)
Mihailidou AS, Le TYL, Mardini M, Funder JW (2009). Glucocorticoids activate cardiac mineralocorticoid receptors during experimental myocardial infarction. Hypertension 54:1306-1312.
Funder JW, Mihailidou AS (2009). Aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptors: Clinical studies and basic biology. Mol Cell Endocrinol 301: 2-6.
Buckley T, Bartrop R, McKinley S, Ward C, Bramwell M, Roche D, Mihailidou AS, Morel-Kopp M-C, Spinaze M, Hocking B, Goldston K, Tennant C, Tofler G. (2009). A Prospective study of early bereavement on psychological and behavioural cardiac risk factors. Internal Med J 39: 370-378.
Mihailidou AS (2006). Nongenomic actions of aldosterone: Physiological or pathophysiological role? Steroids 71: 277-280.
Mihailidou AS, Funder JW (2005). Nongenomic effects of mineralocorticoid receptor activation in the cardiovascular system. Steroids 70: 347-351.
Mihailidou AS (2005). Review: Nongenomic cardiovascular actions of aldosterone: a receptor for all seasons? Endocrinology 146: 971-972.
Mihailidou AS, Mardini M and Funder JW (2004). Rapid, non-genomic effects of aldosterone in the heart medicated by ePKC. Endocrinology 145: 773-780.
Hyperglycemia Removes the Gender gap During Experimental Myocardial Infarction
Primary supervisor: Susie Mihailidou
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the largest single cause of death in Australia, with CHD death rate in men almost twice as high as that of women. Premenopausal women have a relatively low risk; after menopause the risk increases, suggesting oestrogen is cardioprotective. However, the negative or neutral outcomes of recent large clinical studies have led to considerable controversy for hormone replacement therapy for postmenopausal women. In addition, in many studies, data on women have not been available, or under-represented. Heart disease is the primary cause of death in women worldwide and women with diabetes have 50% greater risk of fatal heart disease, eliminating the gender advantage in mortality rate, although the mechanisms have not been defined.
To identify the direct effect of elevated levels of glucose during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in hearts female animals and identify the mechanisms involved. We have established a working rat heart model to induce regional ischaemia by occluding a prominent branch of the left coronary artery. After 30 minutes the occlusion is removed and reperfusion monitored for 2.5 hours. At the conclusion of reperfusion, hearts will be either bisected for biochemical analyses, fixed in 10% formalin and then embedded in paraffin. Immunohistochemistry, PCR and Western blot analysis will be used to identify the markers.
Co-supervisors: Anthony Ashton
Keywords: Diabetes, Reperfusion injury, Cardiovascular diseases
Contact: Email Susie Mihailidou