Dr Alex Bishop

Senior Research Fellow
Medicine, Central Clinical School
A W Morrow Gastroenterology and Liver Centre

Telephone +61 2 9351 6131
Fax +61 2 9036 7083

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Research interests

Dr Alex Bishop is known nationally and internationally for his work on transplantation tolerance and rejection and heads a group investigating ways to prevent rejection that minimise use of powerful and dangerous immunosuppressive drugs

Selected grants

2013

  • Liver-directed MHC gene transfer for the induction of transplantation tolerance; from proof of principle to a robust and clinically-applicable strategy.; Sharland A, Bowen D, Bishop A; RPA Transplant Institute/Research Support.

2012

  • Gene therapy approaches to minimising ischaemia-reperfusion injury and transplantation rejection; Sharland A, Bishop A; Perpetual Trustees Charitable Trusts/Research Support.
  • Strategies to achieve kidney transplant tolerance in a clinically-relevant model; Sharland A, Chadban S, Bishop A, Wu H; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • GeneAtlas Personal Microarray System; Richardson D, Scolyer R, Stocker R, Weninger W, Black J, Allen D, Murray M, Mason R, Twigg S, King N, Horvath L, Lovicu F, Lee C, Halliday G, Lovejoy D, Joshua D, Sharland A, Roufogalis B, Hambly B, Morris B, Bao B, Bishop A, Hibbs D, Lane D, Zhou F, Hanrahan J, Dixon K, Rendina L, Byrne M, Naylor M, Cole N, Jansson P, Dong Q, Codd R, Payne R, Assinder S, Chadban S, Fraser S, McLennan S, Suryo Rahmanto A, Lai D, Yu Y, Ju Y, Buckland M, Kovacevic Z, Saletta F, Zreiqat H, Kalinowski D, Groundwater P, Simes R, Zhang D, Boyer M, Murphy C; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2011

  • MICROSEARCH FOUNDATION OF AUSTRALIA; Bishop A, Sharland A; Perpetual Trustees Charitable Trusts/Research Support.
  • PyroMark Q96 ID system; Richardson D, Stone J, Black J, King N, Mason R, Hunt N, Kril J, Murray M, Scolyer R, Halliday G, Vandenberg R, McMinn P, Chadban S, Byrne M, Ryan R, Dong Q, Lee C, Bishop A, Haass N, Fraser S, Hambly B, Sharland A, Kalinowski D, Assinder S, Yu Y, Bao B, Ju Y, Lovejoy D, Buckland M, Lane D, Dos Remedios C, Kovacevic Z, Sutherland G, Zhang D, Morris B, Suryo Rahmanto A, Murphy C; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.
  • Breaking down the barriers to transplantation tolerance; Sharland A, Chadban S, Bishop A, Wu H; Heart Foundation of Australia/Grants-in-Aid.
  • Adeno-associated viral delivery of genes to the liver; Bishop A; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.
  • Deciphering mechanisms of liver allograft tolerance; Bertolino P, Dwyer K, Bowen D, Bishop A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2009

  • autoMACS Pro Separator; Abendroth A, Britton W, Richardson D, King N, Halliday G, Pollard J, McMinn P, Bishop A, Triccas J, Wang M, Byrne S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.
  • A new Laser Microdissection Microscope with a unique pressure catapulting technique allows isolation of pure samples for subsequent downstream molecular analyses; Halliday G, Morris B, Mason R, Murphy C, Bishop A, Leamey C, Joshua D, Lee C, Iland H, Pamphlett R, Richardson D, King N, Hunt N, Arnold J, Morris M, Protti D; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2008

  • Induction of antigen-specific humoral tolerance by rAAV-mediated delivery of CTLA4-Ig-antigen fusion; Alexander I, Bishop A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Kidney transplantation: Improving outcomes.; Alexander S, Bishop A, Sharland A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Dako ACIS III Cellular Image Acquisition and Analysis System; Gorrell M, Grau G, Bishop A, Black J, Campbell I, McLennan S, Rodgers K, Seth D, Marsh D, Dong Q, Hambly B, Bao B, King N, Markham R, McDonald K, Hunt N; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).
  • Dako ACIS 111 Cellular Image Acquisition and Analysis System; Hambly B, Bao B, Bishop A, Black J, Campbell I, Dong Q, Gorrell M, Grau G, Hunt N, King N, Markham R, Marsh D, McDonald K, McLennan S, Rodgers K, Seth D; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2007

  • Rotor-Gene 6000, 5-Plex HRM with desktop computer & Gene-Disc 100 Stater Kit; Halliday G, Yue D, Sharland A, Bishop A, Stocker R, Bao B, McLennan S, Matsumoto I, Hambly B, Rose B, Harbour C, Ho J, Lee C, Twigg S, Soon L, Richardson D, King N, Zreiqat H; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.
  • Liquid and chemical handling equipment; Bishop A, Chadban S, Sharland A, Allen R; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.
  • Understanding rapid T-cell clearance by the liver: a critical step towards improved liver transplantation.; Bertolino P, Bishop A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Role of tryptophan metabolism in liver transplant tolerance and rejection; Bishop A, Hall B, McCaughan G, Sharland A, Alexander I, Earl J, Hall B; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • PHERAstar and POLARstar Optima multi-functional plate readers with robotic high throughput screening system for multi-disciplinary cancer research; Halliday G, Ho J, Conigrave A, Iland H, Lee C, Joshua D, Cook D, Richardson D, Reichardt J, Grau G, Lovejoy D, Hunt N, King N, Mason R, Murphy C, Sharland A, Assinder S, Dong Q, Bishop A; Cancer Institute New South Wales/Infrastructure Grant.

2005

  • Transgenic rat project; Kobayashi E, Bishop A; Japan Health Sciences Foundation (Japan)/Research Support.
  • FACS Aria for the University of Sydney Flow Cytometry Facility; King N, Pollard J, Rasko J, Lovicu F, Bishop A, Bertolino P, Briscoe H, Gillies M, Madigan M, McAvoy J, Murphy C, Balcar V, Armour C, Hughes M, Reeve V, Christopherson R, Halliday G, Christie M, Pollock C, McCaughan G, Gorrell M, Dong Q, Abendroth A, Menzies S, Barnetson R, Byrne S, Hunt N, Hambly B, Cook D, Mason R, Day M, Black J; University of Sydney/Equipment Grant.
  • Cooled gradient palm cycler and rotor-shake genie; Bishop A, Sharland A, Allen R, Gorrell M, Chadban S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.
  • Collaborative facility for gene measurement and expression; Bishop A, Sharland A, Chadban S, Allen R; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2004

  • An integrated approach to application of novel developments in basic transplantation research to cli; Chadban S, Hennessy A, Allen R, McCaughan G, Bishop A, Sharland A, Eris J; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Basic mechanism of spontaneous tolerance of liver allografts in a rat model; Wang C, Bishop A, McCaughan G, Rasko J, Sharland A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2003

  • Nucleic Acid Extraction Facility; Bishop A, McCaughan G, Gorrell M, Halliday G; Rebecca L Cooper Medical Research Foundation/Equipment Grant.

2001

  • Development of clinically applicable strategies to induce and monitor long term acceptance of liver; Jonsson J, Bishop A, McCaughan G, Powell E; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

1998

  • Automated quantitation of gene expression using an applied biosystems model 7700 sequence detector; Bishop A, McCaughan G, Garsia R, Iland H, Halliday G; Wellcome Trust (UK)/Major Equipment Awards for Biomedical Research in Australia.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Kanatani, T., Lanzetta, M., Bishop, A. (2007). Indefinite Survival and Functional Recovery of Limb Allografts in Rodents. In Lanzetta M; Dubernard J (Eds.), Hand Transplantation, (pp. 41-46). Italy: Springer.
  • Lanzetta, M., Kubitskiy, A., Bishop, A., Li, J., McCaughan, G. (2007). Simultaneous vascularized bone marrow transplantation to promote acceptance of limb allografts. In Lanzetta M; Dubernard J (Eds.), Hand Transplantation, (pp. 57-59). Italy: Springer.

Journals

  • Wang, C., Wang, Z., Allen, R., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2014). A modified method for heterotopic mouse heart transplantion. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 88, 1-5. [More Information]
  • Tay, S., Wong, Y., McDonald, D., Wood, N., Roediger, B., Sierro, F., McGuffog, C., Alexander, I., Bishop, A., Gamble, J., Weninger, W., McCaughan, G., Bertolino, P., Bowen, D. (2014). Antigen expression level threshold tunes the fate of CD8 T cells during primary hepatic immune responses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) of the United States of America, 111(25), E2540-E2549. [More Information]
  • Verma, N., Hall, B., Plain, K., Robinson, C., Boyd, R., Tran, G., Wang, C., Bishop, A., Hodgkinson, S. (2014). Interleukin-12 (IL-12p70) Promotes Induction of Highly Potent Th1-Like CD4(+)CD25(+) T Regulatory Cells That Inhibit Allograft Rejection in Unmodified Recipients. Frontiers in Immunology, 5(May), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Wang, Z., Wang, C., Cunningham, E., Allen, R., Sharland, A., Bishop, A. (2014). Optimized method for ureteric reconstruction in a mouse kidney transplant model. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 84(6), 481-485. [More Information]
  • Ilie, V., Ilie, V., Wang, C., Bishop, A. (2013). A simpler rat kidney transplantation model: a variation in arterial anastomotic technique. European Journal of Plastic Surgery, 36(6), 341-344. [More Information]
  • Tay, S., Lu, B., Sierro, F., Benseler, V., McGuffog, C., Bishop, A., Cowan, P., McCaughan, G., Dwyer, K., Bowen, D., et al (2013). Differential migration of passenger leukocytes and rapid deletion of naive alloreactive CD8 T cells after mouse liver transplantation. Liver Transplantation, 19(11), 1224-1235. [More Information]
  • Cunningham, E., Tay, S., Wang, C., Rtshiladze, M., Wang, Z., McGuffog, C., Cubitt, J., McCaughan, G., Alexander, I., Bertolino, P., Sharland, A., Bowen, D., Bishop, A. (2013). Gene therapy for tolerance: high-level expression of donor major histocompatibility complex in the liver overcomes naive and memory alloresponses to skin grafts. Transplantation, 95(1), 70-77. [More Information]
  • Hu, M., Wang, C., Zhang, G., Saito, M., Wang, Y., Fernandez, M., Wang, Y., Wu, H., Hawthorne, W., Jones, C., O'Connell, P., Bishop, A., Sharland, A., Alexander, S., et al (2013). Infiltrating Foxp3+ regulatory T cells from spontaneously tolerant kidney allografts demonstrate donor-specific tolerance. American Journal of Transplantation, 13, 2819-2830. [More Information]
  • Zhao, X., Li, Y., Ohe, H., Nafady-Hego, H., Uemoto, S., Bishop, A., Koshiba, T. (2013). Intragraft Vδ1 γδ T cells with a unique T-Cell receptor are closely associated with pediatric semiallogeneic liver transplant tolerance. Transplantation, 95(1), 192-202. [More Information]
  • Cunningham, E., Sharland, A., Bishop, A. (2013). Liver Transplant Tolerance and Its Application to the Clinic: Can We Exploit the High Dose Effect? Clinical & Developmental Immunology, 2013, 1-9. [More Information]
  • Ganbold, A., Andersen, S., Tay, S., Cunningham, E., Ilie, V., Krishnan, S., Wang, C., McCaughan, G., Sharland, A., Bishop, A. (2012). Expression of common gamma chain signalling cytokines and their receptors distinguishes rejection from tolerance in a rat organ transplant model. Transplant Immunology, 27(2-3), 89-94. [More Information]
  • Ohe, H., Waki, K., Yoshitomi, M., Morimoto, T., Nafady-Hego, H., Satoda, N., Li, Y., Zhao, X., Sakaguchi, S., Uemoto, S., Bishop, A., et al (2012). Factors affecting operational tolerance after pediatric living-donor liver transplantation: impact of early post-transplant events and HLA match. Transplant International, 25(1), 97-106. [More Information]
  • Cubitt, J., Pennington, T., Wang, C., Allen, R., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2012). Reliable and reproducible murine models for commonly used abdominal plastic surgical flaps. Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, 28(3), 161-166. [More Information]
  • Bishop, A., Bertolino, P., Bowen, D., McCaughan, G. (2012). Tolerance in liver transplantation. Best Practice & Research: Clinical Gastroenterology, 26(1), 73-84. [More Information]
  • Bishop, A., Ierino, F., Sharland, A., Hall, B., Alexander, S., Sandrin, M., Coates, P., McCaughan, G. (2011). Approaching the promise of operational tolerance in clinical transplantation. Transplantation, 91(10), 1065-1074. [More Information]
  • van Leest, Y., Moroso, V., Wang, C., Tay, S., Cunningham, E., Ilie, V., Bishop, A., Kwekkeboom, J. (2011). No evidence for involvement of donor NK cells in liver transplant tolerance. Transplant Immunology, 24(2), 138-139. [More Information]
  • Bishop, A., Sharland, A., Ierino, F., Sandrin, M., Hall, B., Alexander, S., Coates, P., McCaughan, G. (2011). Operational Tolerance in Organ Transplantation Versus Tissue Engineering: Into the Future. Transplantation, 92(8), e39-e39. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Cordoba, S., Hu, M., Bertolino, P., Bowen, D., Sharland, A., Allen, R., Alexander, S., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2011). Spontaneous acceptance of mouse kidney allografts is associated with increased Foxp3 expression and differences in the B and T cell compartments. Transplant Immunology, 24(3), 149-156. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Tay, S., Tran, G., Hodgkinson, S., Allen, R., Hall, B., McCaughan, G., Sharland, A., Bishop, A. (2010). Donor IL-4 treatment induces alternatively activated liver macrophages and IDO-Expressing NK cells and promotes rat liver allograft acceptance. Transplant Immunology, 22(3-4), 172-178. [More Information]
  • Sharland, A., Logan, G., Bishop, A., Alexander, I. (2010). Liver-directed gene expression using recombinant AAV 2/8 vectors -- a tolerogenic strategy for gene delivery? Discovery Medicine, 9(49), 519-527. [More Information]
  • Laurence, J., McCaughan, G., Logan, G., Alexander, I., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2009). Gene therapy in transplantation. Transplantation Reviews, 23(3), 159-170. [More Information]
  • Laurence, J., Wang, C., Zheng, M., Cunningham, S., Earl, J., Tay, S., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Alexander, I., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2009). Overexpression of indoleamine dioxygenase in rat liver allografts using a high-efficiency adeno-associated virus vector does not prevent acute rejection. Liver Transplantation, 15(2), 233-241. [More Information]
  • Tay, S., Plain, K., Bishop, A. (2009). Role of IL-4 and Th2 responses in allograft rejection and tolerance. Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation, 14(1), 16-22. [More Information]
  • Zamfirescu, D., Owen, E., Lascar, I., Molitor, M., Zegrea, I., Popescu, M., Bishop, A., Lauer, C., Simionescu, M., Climov, M., et al (2009). Sentinel skin allograft-a reliable marker for monitoring of composite tissue transplant rejection. Transplantation Proceedings, 41(2), 503-508. [More Information]
  • Laurence, J., Wang, C., Park, E., Buchanan, A., Clouston, A., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2008). Blocking indoleamine dioxygenase activity early after rat liver transplantation prevents long-term survival but does not cause acute rejection. Transplantation, 85(9), 1357-1361. [More Information]
  • Lam, V., Taylor, C., Laurence, J., Wang, C., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Hodgkinson, S., Allen, R., Hall, B., Bishop, A. (2008). Heart allograft acceptance induced by anti-CD3 antibody in high-responder rats: Effect on foxp3 and cytokine expression and graft infiltration. Transplant Immunology, 19(1), 20-24. [More Information]
  • Holz, L., Benseler, V., Bowen, D., Bouillet, P., Strasser, A., O'Reilly, L., D'Avigdor, W., Bishop, A., McCaughan, G., Bertolino, P. (2008). Intrahepatic Murine CD8 T-Cell Activation Associates With a Distinct Phenotype Leading to Bim-Dependent Death. Gastroenterology, 135(3), 989-997. [More Information]
  • Bishop, A., Williams, R. (2008). Screening liver transplant patients for tolerance. Hepatology, 48(6), 2082-2084. [More Information]
  • Kubitskiy, A., Li, J., Lanzetta, M., Owen, E., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2007). Simultaneous Vascularized Bone Marrow Transplantation to Promote Acceptance of Hind Limb Allografts and Its Effects on Central and Peripheral Chimerism. Transplantation, 83(9), 1273-1276. [More Information]
  • Benseler, V., McCaughan, G., Schlitt, H., Bishop, A., Bowen, D., Bertolino, P. (2007). The liver: a special case in transplantation tolerance. Seminars in Liver Disease, 27(2), 194-213. [More Information]
  • Sadeghi, A., Xiao, C., Sharland, A., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2006). Cytokine common gamma chain expression and its relation to liver transplant tolerance and rejection in a rat model. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A30-A30.
  • Wang, C., Cordoba, S., Bertolino, P., Alexander, S., Wu, M., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2006). Examination of the immune mechanism of spontaneous tolerance of renal allografts in a mouse model. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A29-30.
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Williams, R., Li, J., Smit, L., Sharland, A., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2006). Gene array analysis of a rat model of liver transplant tolerance identifies increased complement C3 and the STAT-1/IRF-1 pathway during tolerance induction. Liver Transplantation, 12(4), 636-643. [More Information]
  • Lam, V., Laurence, J., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Hodgkinson, S., Hall, B., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2006). Induction of long-term cardiac allograft survival using anti-lymphocyte antibodies in the rat model. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A27-A27.
  • Kanatani, T., Lanzetta, M., Matsumoto, T., Fujioka, H., Kurosaka, M., Bishop, A. (2006). Long-term acceptance of fully MHC-mismatched limb allografts after a short course of anti-αβ-T cell receptor monoclonal antibody and FK506. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(Supplement 1), A30-A31.
  • Benseler, V., Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Zvolynska, A., Sharland, A., Shlitt, H., McCaughan, G., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2006). Microarray analysis of spontaneously tolerant compared to rejecting rat liver allografts. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A31-A32.
  • Buchanan, A., Wang, C., Tran, G., Hodgkinson, S., Hall, B., McCaughan, G., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2006). Role of IL-4 in rat liver allograft rejection. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1 Supplement), A28-A28.
  • Laurence, J., Wang, C., Park, T., Vis, A., Allen, R., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2006). Role of indoleamine dioxygenase (IDO) in rat models of transplantation rejection and tolerance. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A30-A30.
  • Kubitskiy, A., Lanzetta, M., Owen, E., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2006). Simultaneous vascularised bone marrow transplantation to promote acceptance of hind limb allografts. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(Supplement 1), A30-A30.
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2006). Transcriptomics of tolerant and rejecting renal allografts. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A2-A2.
  • Kanatani, T., Lanzetta, M., Owen, E., Matsumoto, T., Fujioka, H., Kurosaka, M., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). Donor leukocytes combine with immunosuppressive drug therapy to prolong limb allograft survival. Transplantation Proceedings, 37(5), 2382-2384. [More Information]
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Li, J., Bertolino, P., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). Examination of immune mechanisms in a mouse model of spontaneous renal allograft acceptance. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(4 Supplement), A20-A21.
  • Hu, M., Wang, C., Cordoba, S., Zhang, G., Wang, Y., Watson, D., Bishop, A., Alexander, S. (2005). Foxp3 expression correlates with tolerance in a mouse allograft model of cardiac rejection and renal tolerance. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(4), A21-A21.
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Williams, R., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). Meta-analysis of transcriptional profiles in three models of transplant tolerance identifies the STAT-1/IRF-1 pathway. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(4), A31-A31.
  • Wang, C., Li, J., Cordoba, S., McLeod, D., Tran, G., Hodgkinson, S., Hall, B., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). Posttransplant Interleukin-4 Treatment Converts Rat Liver Allograft Tolerance to Rejection. Transplantation, 79(9), 1116-1120. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Li, J., Tran, G., Hodgkinson, S., Hall, B., McCaughan, G., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2005). Role of IL-4 in rat liver allograft rejection. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(4 Supplement), A11-A11.
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Williams, R., Sharland, A., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). The STAT-1/IRF-1 signalling pathway and complement cascade are increased in rat liver transplant tolerance identified by meta-analysis of high-throughput screening techniques. Hepatology, 42(4 S1), 314A-314A.
  • Den Dulk, M., Wang, C., Li, J., Clark, D., Hibberd, A., Terpstra, O., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2004). Combined Donor Leucocyte Administration And Immunosuppressive Drug Treatment For Survival Of Rat Heart Allografts. Transplant Immunology, 13(3), 177-184.
  • Kanatani, T., Wright, B., Lanzetta, M., Molitor, M., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2004). Experimental Limb Transplantation, Part III: Induction Of Tolerance In The Rigorous Strain Combination Of Brown Norway Donor To Lewis Recipient. Transplantation Proceedings, 36(10), 3276-3282.
  • Jonsson, J., Gu, W., Vanags, D., Bishop, A., McCaughan, G., Fawcett, J., Lynch, S., Balderson, G., Powell, E., Clouston, A. (2004). Increased Mononuclear Cell Activation And Apoptosis Early After Human Liver Transplantation Is Associated With A Reduced Frequency Of Acute Rejection. Liver Transplantation, 10(3), 397-403. [More Information]
  • Huang, W., Yan, Y., DeBoer, B., Bishop, A., House, A. (2003). A short course of cytosporine immunosuppression inhibits rejection but not tolerance of rat liver allografts. Transplantation, 75(3), 368-374.
  • Huang, W., Yan, Y., Li, J., De Boer, B., House, A., Bishop, A. (2003). A short course of mycophenolate immunosuppression inhibits rejection, but not tolerance, of rat liver allografts in association with inhibition of interleukin-4 and alloantibody responses. Transplantation, 76(8), 1159-1165.
  • Yin, J., Hambly, B., Bao, B., Painter, D., Bishop, A., Eris, J. (2003). Expression of growth arrest-specific gene 6 and its receptors in dysfunctional human renal allografts. Transplant International, 16(9), 681-688. [More Information]
  • Den Dulk, M., Bishop, A. (2003). Immune mechanisms contributing to spontaneous acceptance of liver transplants in rodents and their potential for clinical transplantation. Archivum Immunologiae Et Therapiae Experimentalis, 51(1), 29-44.
  • Marks, G., Zhou, J., Yang, H., Joshi, P., Bishop, A., Britton, W., The Caps Investigators, (. (2002). Cord blood mononuclear cell cytokine responses in relation to maternal house dust mite allergen exposure. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 32(3), 355-360.
  • Yin, J., Pilmore, H., Yan, Y., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A., Hambly, B., Eris, J. (2002). Expression of growth arrest-specific gene 6 and its receptors in a rat model of chronic renal transplant rejection. Transplantation, 73(4), 657-660.
  • Zekry, A., Bishop, A., Bowen, D., Gleeson, M., Guney, S., Painter, D., McCaughan, G. (2002). Intrahepatic cytokine profiles associated with posttransplantation hepatitis C virus-related liver injury. Liver Transplantation, 8(3), 292-301.
  • Yan, Y., Putten, K., Bowen, D., Painter, D., Kohar, J., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2002). Postoperative administration of donor B cells induces rat kidney allograft acceptance: lack of association with TH2 cytokine expression in long-term accepted grafts. Transplantation, 73(7), 1123-1130.
  • Bishop, A., Wang, C., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G. (2002). Spontaneous acceptance of liver transplants in rodents: evidence that liver leucocytes induce recipient T-cell death by neglect. Immunology and Cell Biology, 80(1), 93-100.
  • Pilmore, H., Yan, Y., Eris, J., Hennessy, A., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2002). Time course of upregulation of fibrogenic growth factors and cellular infiltration in a rodent model of chronic renal allograft rejection. Transplant Immunology, 10(4), 245-254.
  • Wang, C., Sun, J., Sheil, A., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2001). A short course of methylprednisolone immunosuppression inhibits both rejection and spontaneous acceptance of rat liver allografts. Transplantation, 72(1), 44-51.
  • Bishop, A., McCaughan, G. (2001). Immune activation is required for the induction of liver allograft tolerance: implications for immunosuppressive therapy. Liver Transplantation, 7(3), 161-172.
  • Yan, Y., Shastry, S., Richards, C., Wang, C., Bowen, D., Sharland, A., Painter, D., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2001). Posttransplant administration of donor leukocytes induces long-term acceptance of kidney or liver transplants by an activation-associated immune mechanism. Journal of Immunology, 166, 5258-5264.
  • Yin, J., Shackel, N., Zekry, A., McGuinness, P., Richards, C., van der Putten, K., McCaughan, G., Eris, J., Bishop, A. (2001). Real-time reverse transcriptases-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for measurement of cytokine and growth factor mRNA expression with fluorogenic probes or SYBR Green 1. Immunology and Cell Biology, 79(3), 213-221.
  • Wong, D., Bishop, A., Lowes, M., Cooke, B., Barnetson, R., Halliday, G. (2000). Cytokine profiles in spontaneously regressing basal cell carcinomas. British Journal of Dermatology, 143(1), 91-98.
  • Pilmore, H., Painter, D., Bishop, A., McCaughan, G., Eris, J. (2000). Early up-regulation of macrophages and myofibroblasts. Transplantation, 69(12), 2658-2662.
  • McCaughan, G., Gorrell, M., Bishop, A., Abbott, C., Shackel, N., McGuinness, P., Levy, M., Sharland, A., Bowen, D., Yu, M., Slaitini, L., Napoli, J., et al (2000). Molecular pathogenesis of liver disease: an approach to hepatic inflammation, cirrhosis and liver transplant tolerance. Immunological Reviews, 174(1), 172-191.

2014

  • Wang, C., Wang, Z., Allen, R., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2014). A modified method for heterotopic mouse heart transplantion. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 88, 1-5. [More Information]
  • Tay, S., Wong, Y., McDonald, D., Wood, N., Roediger, B., Sierro, F., McGuffog, C., Alexander, I., Bishop, A., Gamble, J., Weninger, W., McCaughan, G., Bertolino, P., Bowen, D. (2014). Antigen expression level threshold tunes the fate of CD8 T cells during primary hepatic immune responses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) of the United States of America, 111(25), E2540-E2549. [More Information]
  • Verma, N., Hall, B., Plain, K., Robinson, C., Boyd, R., Tran, G., Wang, C., Bishop, A., Hodgkinson, S. (2014). Interleukin-12 (IL-12p70) Promotes Induction of Highly Potent Th1-Like CD4(+)CD25(+) T Regulatory Cells That Inhibit Allograft Rejection in Unmodified Recipients. Frontiers in Immunology, 5(May), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Wang, Z., Wang, C., Cunningham, E., Allen, R., Sharland, A., Bishop, A. (2014). Optimized method for ureteric reconstruction in a mouse kidney transplant model. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 84(6), 481-485. [More Information]

2013

  • Ilie, V., Ilie, V., Wang, C., Bishop, A. (2013). A simpler rat kidney transplantation model: a variation in arterial anastomotic technique. European Journal of Plastic Surgery, 36(6), 341-344. [More Information]
  • Tay, S., Lu, B., Sierro, F., Benseler, V., McGuffog, C., Bishop, A., Cowan, P., McCaughan, G., Dwyer, K., Bowen, D., et al (2013). Differential migration of passenger leukocytes and rapid deletion of naive alloreactive CD8 T cells after mouse liver transplantation. Liver Transplantation, 19(11), 1224-1235. [More Information]
  • Cunningham, E., Tay, S., Wang, C., Rtshiladze, M., Wang, Z., McGuffog, C., Cubitt, J., McCaughan, G., Alexander, I., Bertolino, P., Sharland, A., Bowen, D., Bishop, A. (2013). Gene therapy for tolerance: high-level expression of donor major histocompatibility complex in the liver overcomes naive and memory alloresponses to skin grafts. Transplantation, 95(1), 70-77. [More Information]
  • Hu, M., Wang, C., Zhang, G., Saito, M., Wang, Y., Fernandez, M., Wang, Y., Wu, H., Hawthorne, W., Jones, C., O'Connell, P., Bishop, A., Sharland, A., Alexander, S., et al (2013). Infiltrating Foxp3+ regulatory T cells from spontaneously tolerant kidney allografts demonstrate donor-specific tolerance. American Journal of Transplantation, 13, 2819-2830. [More Information]
  • Zhao, X., Li, Y., Ohe, H., Nafady-Hego, H., Uemoto, S., Bishop, A., Koshiba, T. (2013). Intragraft Vδ1 γδ T cells with a unique T-Cell receptor are closely associated with pediatric semiallogeneic liver transplant tolerance. Transplantation, 95(1), 192-202. [More Information]
  • Cunningham, E., Sharland, A., Bishop, A. (2013). Liver Transplant Tolerance and Its Application to the Clinic: Can We Exploit the High Dose Effect? Clinical & Developmental Immunology, 2013, 1-9. [More Information]

2012

  • Ganbold, A., Andersen, S., Tay, S., Cunningham, E., Ilie, V., Krishnan, S., Wang, C., McCaughan, G., Sharland, A., Bishop, A. (2012). Expression of common gamma chain signalling cytokines and their receptors distinguishes rejection from tolerance in a rat organ transplant model. Transplant Immunology, 27(2-3), 89-94. [More Information]
  • Ohe, H., Waki, K., Yoshitomi, M., Morimoto, T., Nafady-Hego, H., Satoda, N., Li, Y., Zhao, X., Sakaguchi, S., Uemoto, S., Bishop, A., et al (2012). Factors affecting operational tolerance after pediatric living-donor liver transplantation: impact of early post-transplant events and HLA match. Transplant International, 25(1), 97-106. [More Information]
  • Cubitt, J., Pennington, T., Wang, C., Allen, R., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2012). Reliable and reproducible murine models for commonly used abdominal plastic surgical flaps. Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, 28(3), 161-166. [More Information]
  • Bishop, A., Bertolino, P., Bowen, D., McCaughan, G. (2012). Tolerance in liver transplantation. Best Practice & Research: Clinical Gastroenterology, 26(1), 73-84. [More Information]

2011

  • Bishop, A., Ierino, F., Sharland, A., Hall, B., Alexander, S., Sandrin, M., Coates, P., McCaughan, G. (2011). Approaching the promise of operational tolerance in clinical transplantation. Transplantation, 91(10), 1065-1074. [More Information]
  • van Leest, Y., Moroso, V., Wang, C., Tay, S., Cunningham, E., Ilie, V., Bishop, A., Kwekkeboom, J. (2011). No evidence for involvement of donor NK cells in liver transplant tolerance. Transplant Immunology, 24(2), 138-139. [More Information]
  • Bishop, A., Sharland, A., Ierino, F., Sandrin, M., Hall, B., Alexander, S., Coates, P., McCaughan, G. (2011). Operational Tolerance in Organ Transplantation Versus Tissue Engineering: Into the Future. Transplantation, 92(8), e39-e39. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Cordoba, S., Hu, M., Bertolino, P., Bowen, D., Sharland, A., Allen, R., Alexander, S., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2011). Spontaneous acceptance of mouse kidney allografts is associated with increased Foxp3 expression and differences in the B and T cell compartments. Transplant Immunology, 24(3), 149-156. [More Information]

2010

  • Wang, C., Tay, S., Tran, G., Hodgkinson, S., Allen, R., Hall, B., McCaughan, G., Sharland, A., Bishop, A. (2010). Donor IL-4 treatment induces alternatively activated liver macrophages and IDO-Expressing NK cells and promotes rat liver allograft acceptance. Transplant Immunology, 22(3-4), 172-178. [More Information]
  • Sharland, A., Logan, G., Bishop, A., Alexander, I. (2010). Liver-directed gene expression using recombinant AAV 2/8 vectors -- a tolerogenic strategy for gene delivery? Discovery Medicine, 9(49), 519-527. [More Information]

2009

  • Laurence, J., McCaughan, G., Logan, G., Alexander, I., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2009). Gene therapy in transplantation. Transplantation Reviews, 23(3), 159-170. [More Information]
  • Laurence, J., Wang, C., Zheng, M., Cunningham, S., Earl, J., Tay, S., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Alexander, I., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2009). Overexpression of indoleamine dioxygenase in rat liver allografts using a high-efficiency adeno-associated virus vector does not prevent acute rejection. Liver Transplantation, 15(2), 233-241. [More Information]
  • Tay, S., Plain, K., Bishop, A. (2009). Role of IL-4 and Th2 responses in allograft rejection and tolerance. Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation, 14(1), 16-22. [More Information]
  • Zamfirescu, D., Owen, E., Lascar, I., Molitor, M., Zegrea, I., Popescu, M., Bishop, A., Lauer, C., Simionescu, M., Climov, M., et al (2009). Sentinel skin allograft-a reliable marker for monitoring of composite tissue transplant rejection. Transplantation Proceedings, 41(2), 503-508. [More Information]

2008

  • Laurence, J., Wang, C., Park, E., Buchanan, A., Clouston, A., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2008). Blocking indoleamine dioxygenase activity early after rat liver transplantation prevents long-term survival but does not cause acute rejection. Transplantation, 85(9), 1357-1361. [More Information]
  • Lam, V., Taylor, C., Laurence, J., Wang, C., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Hodgkinson, S., Allen, R., Hall, B., Bishop, A. (2008). Heart allograft acceptance induced by anti-CD3 antibody in high-responder rats: Effect on foxp3 and cytokine expression and graft infiltration. Transplant Immunology, 19(1), 20-24. [More Information]
  • Holz, L., Benseler, V., Bowen, D., Bouillet, P., Strasser, A., O'Reilly, L., D'Avigdor, W., Bishop, A., McCaughan, G., Bertolino, P. (2008). Intrahepatic Murine CD8 T-Cell Activation Associates With a Distinct Phenotype Leading to Bim-Dependent Death. Gastroenterology, 135(3), 989-997. [More Information]
  • Bishop, A., Williams, R. (2008). Screening liver transplant patients for tolerance. Hepatology, 48(6), 2082-2084. [More Information]

2007

  • Kanatani, T., Lanzetta, M., Bishop, A. (2007). Indefinite Survival and Functional Recovery of Limb Allografts in Rodents. In Lanzetta M; Dubernard J (Eds.), Hand Transplantation, (pp. 41-46). Italy: Springer.
  • Kubitskiy, A., Li, J., Lanzetta, M., Owen, E., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2007). Simultaneous Vascularized Bone Marrow Transplantation to Promote Acceptance of Hind Limb Allografts and Its Effects on Central and Peripheral Chimerism. Transplantation, 83(9), 1273-1276. [More Information]
  • Lanzetta, M., Kubitskiy, A., Bishop, A., Li, J., McCaughan, G. (2007). Simultaneous vascularized bone marrow transplantation to promote acceptance of limb allografts. In Lanzetta M; Dubernard J (Eds.), Hand Transplantation, (pp. 57-59). Italy: Springer.
  • Benseler, V., McCaughan, G., Schlitt, H., Bishop, A., Bowen, D., Bertolino, P. (2007). The liver: a special case in transplantation tolerance. Seminars in Liver Disease, 27(2), 194-213. [More Information]

2006

  • Sadeghi, A., Xiao, C., Sharland, A., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2006). Cytokine common gamma chain expression and its relation to liver transplant tolerance and rejection in a rat model. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A30-A30.
  • Wang, C., Cordoba, S., Bertolino, P., Alexander, S., Wu, M., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2006). Examination of the immune mechanism of spontaneous tolerance of renal allografts in a mouse model. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A29-30.
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Williams, R., Li, J., Smit, L., Sharland, A., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2006). Gene array analysis of a rat model of liver transplant tolerance identifies increased complement C3 and the STAT-1/IRF-1 pathway during tolerance induction. Liver Transplantation, 12(4), 636-643. [More Information]
  • Lam, V., Laurence, J., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Hodgkinson, S., Hall, B., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2006). Induction of long-term cardiac allograft survival using anti-lymphocyte antibodies in the rat model. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A27-A27.
  • Kanatani, T., Lanzetta, M., Matsumoto, T., Fujioka, H., Kurosaka, M., Bishop, A. (2006). Long-term acceptance of fully MHC-mismatched limb allografts after a short course of anti-αβ-T cell receptor monoclonal antibody and FK506. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(Supplement 1), A30-A31.
  • Benseler, V., Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Zvolynska, A., Sharland, A., Shlitt, H., McCaughan, G., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2006). Microarray analysis of spontaneously tolerant compared to rejecting rat liver allografts. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A31-A32.
  • Buchanan, A., Wang, C., Tran, G., Hodgkinson, S., Hall, B., McCaughan, G., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2006). Role of IL-4 in rat liver allograft rejection. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1 Supplement), A28-A28.
  • Laurence, J., Wang, C., Park, T., Vis, A., Allen, R., Bishop, A., Sharland, A. (2006). Role of indoleamine dioxygenase (IDO) in rat models of transplantation rejection and tolerance. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A30-A30.
  • Kubitskiy, A., Lanzetta, M., Owen, E., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2006). Simultaneous vascularised bone marrow transplantation to promote acceptance of hind limb allografts. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(Supplement 1), A30-A30.
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2006). Transcriptomics of tolerant and rejecting renal allografts. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(1), A2-A2.

2005

  • Kanatani, T., Lanzetta, M., Owen, E., Matsumoto, T., Fujioka, H., Kurosaka, M., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). Donor leukocytes combine with immunosuppressive drug therapy to prolong limb allograft survival. Transplantation Proceedings, 37(5), 2382-2384. [More Information]
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Li, J., Bertolino, P., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). Examination of immune mechanisms in a mouse model of spontaneous renal allograft acceptance. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(4 Supplement), A20-A21.
  • Hu, M., Wang, C., Cordoba, S., Zhang, G., Wang, Y., Watson, D., Bishop, A., Alexander, S. (2005). Foxp3 expression correlates with tolerance in a mouse allograft model of cardiac rejection and renal tolerance. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(4), A21-A21.
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Williams, R., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). Meta-analysis of transcriptional profiles in three models of transplant tolerance identifies the STAT-1/IRF-1 pathway. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(4), A31-A31.
  • Wang, C., Li, J., Cordoba, S., McLeod, D., Tran, G., Hodgkinson, S., Hall, B., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). Posttransplant Interleukin-4 Treatment Converts Rat Liver Allograft Tolerance to Rejection. Transplantation, 79(9), 1116-1120. [More Information]
  • Wang, C., Li, J., Tran, G., Hodgkinson, S., Hall, B., McCaughan, G., Allen, R., Bishop, A. (2005). Role of IL-4 in rat liver allograft rejection. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(4 Supplement), A11-A11.
  • Cordoba, S., Wang, C., Williams, R., Sharland, A., Allen, R., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2005). The STAT-1/IRF-1 signalling pathway and complement cascade are increased in rat liver transplant tolerance identified by meta-analysis of high-throughput screening techniques. Hepatology, 42(4 S1), 314A-314A.

2004

  • Den Dulk, M., Wang, C., Li, J., Clark, D., Hibberd, A., Terpstra, O., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2004). Combined Donor Leucocyte Administration And Immunosuppressive Drug Treatment For Survival Of Rat Heart Allografts. Transplant Immunology, 13(3), 177-184.
  • Kanatani, T., Wright, B., Lanzetta, M., Molitor, M., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2004). Experimental Limb Transplantation, Part III: Induction Of Tolerance In The Rigorous Strain Combination Of Brown Norway Donor To Lewis Recipient. Transplantation Proceedings, 36(10), 3276-3282.
  • Jonsson, J., Gu, W., Vanags, D., Bishop, A., McCaughan, G., Fawcett, J., Lynch, S., Balderson, G., Powell, E., Clouston, A. (2004). Increased Mononuclear Cell Activation And Apoptosis Early After Human Liver Transplantation Is Associated With A Reduced Frequency Of Acute Rejection. Liver Transplantation, 10(3), 397-403. [More Information]

2003

  • Huang, W., Yan, Y., DeBoer, B., Bishop, A., House, A. (2003). A short course of cytosporine immunosuppression inhibits rejection but not tolerance of rat liver allografts. Transplantation, 75(3), 368-374.
  • Huang, W., Yan, Y., Li, J., De Boer, B., House, A., Bishop, A. (2003). A short course of mycophenolate immunosuppression inhibits rejection, but not tolerance, of rat liver allografts in association with inhibition of interleukin-4 and alloantibody responses. Transplantation, 76(8), 1159-1165.
  • Yin, J., Hambly, B., Bao, B., Painter, D., Bishop, A., Eris, J. (2003). Expression of growth arrest-specific gene 6 and its receptors in dysfunctional human renal allografts. Transplant International, 16(9), 681-688. [More Information]
  • Den Dulk, M., Bishop, A. (2003). Immune mechanisms contributing to spontaneous acceptance of liver transplants in rodents and their potential for clinical transplantation. Archivum Immunologiae Et Therapiae Experimentalis, 51(1), 29-44.

2002

  • Marks, G., Zhou, J., Yang, H., Joshi, P., Bishop, A., Britton, W., The Caps Investigators, (. (2002). Cord blood mononuclear cell cytokine responses in relation to maternal house dust mite allergen exposure. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 32(3), 355-360.
  • Yin, J., Pilmore, H., Yan, Y., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A., Hambly, B., Eris, J. (2002). Expression of growth arrest-specific gene 6 and its receptors in a rat model of chronic renal transplant rejection. Transplantation, 73(4), 657-660.
  • Zekry, A., Bishop, A., Bowen, D., Gleeson, M., Guney, S., Painter, D., McCaughan, G. (2002). Intrahepatic cytokine profiles associated with posttransplantation hepatitis C virus-related liver injury. Liver Transplantation, 8(3), 292-301.
  • Yan, Y., Putten, K., Bowen, D., Painter, D., Kohar, J., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2002). Postoperative administration of donor B cells induces rat kidney allograft acceptance: lack of association with TH2 cytokine expression in long-term accepted grafts. Transplantation, 73(7), 1123-1130.
  • Bishop, A., Wang, C., Sharland, A., McCaughan, G. (2002). Spontaneous acceptance of liver transplants in rodents: evidence that liver leucocytes induce recipient T-cell death by neglect. Immunology and Cell Biology, 80(1), 93-100.
  • Pilmore, H., Yan, Y., Eris, J., Hennessy, A., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2002). Time course of upregulation of fibrogenic growth factors and cellular infiltration in a rodent model of chronic renal allograft rejection. Transplant Immunology, 10(4), 245-254.

2001

  • Wang, C., Sun, J., Sheil, A., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2001). A short course of methylprednisolone immunosuppression inhibits both rejection and spontaneous acceptance of rat liver allografts. Transplantation, 72(1), 44-51.
  • Bishop, A., McCaughan, G. (2001). Immune activation is required for the induction of liver allograft tolerance: implications for immunosuppressive therapy. Liver Transplantation, 7(3), 161-172.
  • Yan, Y., Shastry, S., Richards, C., Wang, C., Bowen, D., Sharland, A., Painter, D., McCaughan, G., Bishop, A. (2001). Posttransplant administration of donor leukocytes induces long-term acceptance of kidney or liver transplants by an activation-associated immune mechanism. Journal of Immunology, 166, 5258-5264.
  • Yin, J., Shackel, N., Zekry, A., McGuinness, P., Richards, C., van der Putten, K., McCaughan, G., Eris, J., Bishop, A. (2001). Real-time reverse transcriptases-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for measurement of cytokine and growth factor mRNA expression with fluorogenic probes or SYBR Green 1. Immunology and Cell Biology, 79(3), 213-221.

2000

  • Wong, D., Bishop, A., Lowes, M., Cooke, B., Barnetson, R., Halliday, G. (2000). Cytokine profiles in spontaneously regressing basal cell carcinomas. British Journal of Dermatology, 143(1), 91-98.
  • Pilmore, H., Painter, D., Bishop, A., McCaughan, G., Eris, J. (2000). Early up-regulation of macrophages and myofibroblasts. Transplantation, 69(12), 2658-2662.
  • McCaughan, G., Gorrell, M., Bishop, A., Abbott, C., Shackel, N., McGuinness, P., Levy, M., Sharland, A., Bowen, D., Yu, M., Slaitini, L., Napoli, J., et al (2000). Molecular pathogenesis of liver disease: an approach to hepatic inflammation, cirrhosis and liver transplant tolerance. Immunological Reviews, 174(1), 172-191.

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