Associate Professor Clara Chow

Foundation Chapman Fellow
Medicine, Westmead Clinical School

Telephone +61 2 9993 4525

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Biographical details

Dr. Clara Chow is a Staff Cardiologist at Westmead hospital, Associate Professor and Head of the Cardiac Program of research at the George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney. She has a PhD from the University of Sydney, Australia in cardiovascular epidemiology and international public Health and a Postdoc from McMaster University, Canadain clinical trials and cardiac imaging. She is a NHMRC / National Heart Foundation Career Development Fellow and a Sydney Medical School Foundation Chapman Fellow. Her principal clinical interests are in cardiac imaging particularly cardiac CT and echo. The main focus of her research is cardiovascular disease prevention.

Research interests

Dr Clara Chow’s principal research interests are in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention both in Australia and globally. She leads a number of studies in Australia and overseas that extend from observational studies of cardiovascular disease determinants to clinical trials of simple interventions to prevent cardiovascular disease. She has worked in CVD prevention in low-income countries, particulalry India. She also has an interest in improving the management of those at high risk of CVD e.g. in CVD secondary prevention, patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery and populations with a family history of premature coronary disease.

Teaching and supervision

Dr Clara Chow supervises higher degree students as well as is involved in clinical teaching.

International links

Canada

(Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University) Multiple collaborative projects in epidemiology and clinical trials. These include PURE, EPOCH, POISE 2, VISION.

India

(George Institute India) Collaborative projects in India, supervision of students, co-investigators on grant applicatinos

United Kingdom

(London School of Hygience and Tropical Medicine) Co-investigator on collaborative projects HITT (Health In Time of Transition). Funded by EU grant.

Selected grants

2014

  • Can an ultra low-dose 'Hypertension polypill’ provide better blood pressure control with fewer side effects? - Feasibility Study; Chow C; Heart Foundation of Australia/Vanguard Grant.

2013

  • Identification, prevention and management of perioperative cardiovascular events in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery; Devereaux P, Chow C; DVC Research/International Research Collaboration Award (IRCA).
  • Consumer Navigation of Electronic Cardiovascular Tools - The CONNECT study; Peiris D, Usherwood T, Harris M, Hayman N, Rodgers A, Panaretto K, Chow C, Redfern J, Lau A, Heeley E; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • TEXTMEDS - TEXT messages to improve MEDication adherence and Secondary prevention; Chow C, Brieger D, Hillis G, Redfern J, Turnbull F, Thiagalingam A, Barzi F, Joshi R, Rodgers A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2012

  • Prevention in high cardiovascular risk populations; Chow C; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Career Development Fellowship.
  • Mobile phone text reminders to modifying behaviours and prevent cardiovascular disease; Chow C; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA).

2011

  • Improving Prevention of Cardiovascular disease in High Risk Populations; Chow C; Heart Foundation of Australia/Career Development Fellowship.
  • TEXT ME: Tobacco, EXercise and dieT MEssages; Chow C, Hillis G, Thiagalingam A, Redfern J, Whittaker R; Heart Foundation of Australia/Grants-in-Aid.

2008

  • Societal determinants of cardiovascular risk factors and disease in communities in low, middle and high income countries; Chow C; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Early Career Fellowships (ECF).

2005

  • Outcome Evaluation of a community-based initiative to improve cardiovascular disease identification and management in rural India; Chow C, Joshi R, Neal B, Cardona-Morrell M; Future Forum/Project Grant.
  • Evaluation of a Cardiovascular risk identification and management program for use in Primary health care centres in rural Andhra Pradesh; Raju K, Chow C, Neal B, MacMahon S, Cardona-Morrell M; Initiative for Cardiovascular Health in Developing Countries (IC Health)/Research Grant.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Chow, C., Patel, A. (2009). A global view of cardiovascular risk factors. In Tonkin, Andrew (Eds.), Therepeutic Strategies: Lipid Disorders, (pp. 1-13). United Kingdom: Clinical Publishing, Oxford.
  • Chow, C., Yusuf, S., Anand, A. (2009). Ethnicity and cardiovascular disease. In Salim Yusuf, John A Cairns, A JohnCamm, Ernest L Fallen, Bernard J Gersh (Eds.), Evidence-based Cardiology (Second Edition), (pp. 235-257). UK: BMJ Books.
  • McKee, M., Chow, C. (2009). The social determinants of cardiovascular disease. In Salim Yusuf (Eds.), Evidence-Based Cardiology (3rd Edition), (pp. 211-220). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

Journals

  • Redfern, J., Usherwood, T., Harris, M., Rodgers, A., Hayman, N., Panaretto, K., Chow, C., Lau, A., Neubeck, A., Coorey, G., Heeley, E., Patel, A., Jan, S., Peiris, D., et al (2014). A randomised controlled trial of a consumer-focused e-health strategy for cardiovascular risk management in primary care: The Consumer Navigation of Electronic Cardiovascular Tools (CONNECT) study protocol. BMJ Open, 4(2), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Devereaux, P., Mrkobrada, M., Sessler, D., Leslie, K., Alonso-Coello, P., Kurz, A., Villar, J., Sigamani, A., Biccard, B., Meyhoff, C., Chow, C., et al (2014). Aspirin in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The New England Journal of Medicine, 370(16), 1494-1503. [More Information]
  • Devereaux, P., Sessler, D., Leslie, K., Kurz, A., Mrkobrada, M., Alonso-Coello, P., Villar, J., Sigamani, A., Biccard, B., Meyhoff, C., Chow, C., et al (2014). Clonidine in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The New England Journal of Medicine, 370(16), 1504-1513. [More Information]
  • Affan, E., Praveen, D., Chow, C., Neal, B. (2014). Comparability of HbA1c and lipids measured with dried blood spot versus venous samples: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Clinical Pathology, 14(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Redfern, J., Thiagalingam, A., Jan, S., Whittaker, R., Hackett, M., Mooney, J., Keizer, L., Hillis, G., Chow, C. (2014). Development of a set of mobile phone text messages designed for prevention of recurrent cardiovascular events. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 21(4), 492-499. [More Information]
  • Al Raisi, S., Pouliopoulos, J., Barry, M., Swinnen, J., Thiagalingam, A., Thomas, S., Sivagangabalan, G., Chow, C., Chong, J., Kizana, E., Kovoor, P. (2014). Evaluation of lesion and thermodynamic characteristics of Symplicity and EnligHTN renal denervation systems in a phantom renal artery model. EuroIntervention, 10(2), 277-284. [More Information]
  • Mooney, J., Chow, C., Hillis, G. (2014). Perioperative renal function and surgical outcome. Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, 27(2), 195-200. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Yusuf, R., Kelishadi, R. (2014). Prevention and control of hypertension in different countries--reply. JAMA, 311(4), 419-420. [More Information]
  • Blomster, J., Zoungas, S., Chalmers, J., Li, Q., Chow, C., Woodward, M., Mancia, G., Poulter, N., Williams, B., Harrap, S., Neal, B., et al (2014). The relationship between alcohol consumption and vascular complications and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 37(5), 1353-1359. [More Information]
  • Hillis, G., Welsh, P., Chalmers, J., Perkovic, V., Chow, C., Li, Q., Jun, M., Neal, B., Zoungas, S., Poulter, N., Woodward, M., et al (2014). The relative and combined ability of high sensitivity cardiac troponin T and N-terminal pro-BNP to predict cardiovascular events and death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care, 37(1), 295-303. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Subramanian, S., Lear, S., Teo, K., Boyle, M., Raju, P., Joshi, R., Neal, B., Chow, C. (2014). Tobacco use, smoking quit rates, and socioeconomic patterning among men and women: a cross-sectional survey in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 21(10), 1308-1318. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Boyle, M., Lear, S., Chow, C., Teo, K., Subramanian, S. (2014). Trends in smoking in Canada from 1950 to 2011: progression of the tobacco epidemic according to socioeconomic status and geography. Cancer Causes & Control, 25(1), 45-57. [More Information]
  • Mir, H., Roberts, B., Richardson, E., Chow, C., McKee, M. (2013). Analysing compliance of cigarette packaging with the FCTC and national legislation in eight former Soviet countries. Tobacco Control, 22(4), 231-234. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Subramanian, S., Lear, S., Chow, C., Teo, K., Boyle, M. (2013). Co-variation in dimensions of smoking behaviour: A multivariate analysis of individuals and communities in Canada. Health & Place, 22, 29-37. [More Information]
  • Briffa, T., Chow, C., Clark, A., Redfern, J. (2013). Improving outcomes after acute coronary syndrome with rehabilitation and secondary prevention. Clinical Therapeutics, 35(8), 1076-1081. [More Information]
  • Watson, K., Roberts, B., Chow, C., Goryakin, Y., Rotman, D., Gasparishvili, A., Haerpfer, C., McKee, M. (2013). Micro- and meso-level influences on obesity in the former Soviet Union: a multi-level analysis. European Journal of Public Health, 23(2), 291-298. [More Information]
  • Mooney, J., Ranasinghe, I., Chow, C., Perkovic, V., Barzi, F., Zoungas, S., Holzmann, M., Welten, G., Biancari, F., Wu, V., Cass, A., Hillis, G., et al (2013). Preoperative Estimates of Glomerular Filtration Rate as Predictors of Outcome after Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Anesthesiology, 118(4), 809-824. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Teo, K., Rangarajan, S., Islam, S., Gupta, R., Avezum, A., Bahonar, A., Chifamba, J., Dagenais, G., Diaz, R., et al (2013). Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in rural and urban communities in high-, middle-, and low-income countries. JAMA, 310(9), 959-968. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Subramanian, S., Chow, C., McKee, M., Chifamba, J., Dagenais, G., Diaz, R., Iqbal, R., Kelishadi, R., Kruger, A., et al (2013). Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: Baseline characteristics of the household sample and comparative analyses with national data in 17 countries. American Heart Journal, 166(4), 636-646.e4. [More Information]
  • Fathima, F., Joshi, R., Agrawal, T., Hegde, S., Xavier, D., Misquith, D., Chidambaram, N., Kalantri, S., Chow, C., Islam, S., et al (2013). Rationale and design of the Primary pREvention strategies at the community level to Promote Adherence of treatments to pREvent cardiovascular diseases trial number (CTRI/2012/09/002981). American Heart Journal, 166(1), 4-12. [More Information]
  • Redfern, J., Chow, C. (2013). Secondary prevention of coronary heart disease in Australia: a blueprint for reform. Medical Journal of Australia, 198(2), 70-71. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Lear, S., Chow, C., Subramanian, S., Boyle, M., Teo, K. (2013). Socioeconomic and Geographic Patterning of Smoking Behaviour in Canada: A Cross-Sectional Multilevel Analysis. PLoS One, 8(2), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Blomster, J., Chow, C., Zoungas, S., Woodward, M., Patel, A., Poulter, N., Marre, M., Harrap, S., Chalmers, J., Hillis, G. (2013). The influence of physical activity on vascular complications and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 15(11), 1008-1012. [More Information]
  • Devereaux, P., Chan, M., Alonso-Coello, P., Walsh, M., Berwanger, O., Villar, J., Wang, C., Garutti, I., Jacka, M., Sigamani, A., Chow, C., et al (2012). Association Between Postoperative Troponin Levels and 30-Day Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. JAMA, 307(21), 2295-2304. [More Information]
  • Celermajer, D., Chow, C., Marijon, E., Anstey, N., Woo, K. (2012). Cardiovascular Disease in the Developing World: Prevalences, Patterns, and the Potential of Early Disease Detection. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 60(14), 1207-1216. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Redfern, J., Thiagalingam, A., Jan, S., Whittaker, R., Hackett, M., Graves, N., Mooney, J., Hillis, G. (2012). Design and rationale of the tobacco, exercise and diet messages (TEXT ME) trial of a text message-based intervention for ongoing prevention of cardiovascular disease in people with coronary disease: a randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open, 2(1), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Subramanian, S., McKee, M., Li, W., Swaminathan, S., Lopez-Jaramillo, P., Avezum, A., Lear, S., Dagenais, G., Rangarajan, S., Chow, C., et al (2012). Environmental Profile of a Community's Health (EPOCH): An Ecometric Assessment of Measures of the Community Environment Based on Individual Perception. PLoS One, 7(9), 1-7. [More Information]
  • McKee, M., Chow, C. (2012). Improving health outcomes: innovation, coverage, quality and adherence. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, 1(43), e-1-e-3. [More Information]
  • Hillis, G., Woodward, M., Rodgers, A., Chow, C., Li, Q., Zoungas, S., Patel, A., Webster, R., Batty, G., Ninomiya, T., Chalmers, J., et al (2012). Resting heart rate and the risk of death and cardiovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia: clinical and experimental diabetes and metabolism, 55(5), 1283-1290. [More Information]
  • Hillis, G., Hata, J., Woodward, M., Perkovic, V., Arima, H., Chow, C., Zoungas, S., Patel, A., Poulter, N., Mancia, G., Chalmers, J., et al (2012). Resting Heart Rate and the Risk of Microvascular Complications in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of the American Heart Association, 1(5), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Chow, C., Lear, S., Subramanian, S., Teo, K., Boyle, M. (2012). Smoking in Context: A Multilevel Analysis of 49,088 Communities in Canada. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 43(6), 601-610. [More Information]
  • Justin Zaman, M., Patel, A., Jan, S., Hillis, G., Raju, P., Neal, B., Chow, C. (2012). Socio-economic distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and knowledge in rural India. International Journal of Epidemiology, 41(5), 1302-1314. [More Information]
  • Sheth, T., Butler, C., Chow, B., Chan, M., Mitha, A., Nagele, P., Tandon, V., Stewart, L., Graham, M., Choi, G., Chow, C., et al (2012). The coronary CT angiography vision protocol: a prospective observational imaging cohort study in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. BMJ Open, 2(4), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Joshi, R., Chow, C., Raju, P., Raju, K., Gottumukkala, A., Reddy, K., MacMahon, S., Heritier, S., Li, Q., Dandona, R., Neal, B. (2012). The Rural Andhra Pradesh Cardiovascular Prevention Study (RAPCAPS): a cluster randomized trial. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 59(13), 1188-1196. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Patel, A. (2012). Women's cardiovascular health in India. Heart, 98(6), 456-459. [More Information]
  • Gasevic, D., Vukmirovich, I., Yusuf, S., Teo, K., Chow, C., Dagenais, G., Lear, S. (2011). A Direct Assessment of "Obesogenic" Built Environments: Challenges and Recommendations. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2011, 1-8. [More Information]
  • Mir, H., Buchanan, D., Gilmore, A., McKee, M., Yusuf, S., Chow, C. (2011). Cigarette pack labelling in 12 countries at different levels of economic development. Journal of Public Health Policy, 32(2), 146-164. [More Information]
  • Ritchie, G., Kengne, A., Joshi, R., Chow, C., Neal, B., Patel, A., Zoungas, S. (2011). Comparison of Near-Patient Capillary Glucose Measurement and a Risk Assessment Questionnaire in Screening for Type 2 Diabetes in a High-Risk Population in Rural India. Diabetes Care, 34(1), 44-49. [More Information]
  • Joshi, R., Praveen, D., Chow, C., Neal, B. (2011). Effects on the estimated cause-specific mortality fraction of providing physician reviewers with different formats of verbal autopsy data. Population Health Metrics, 9(1, Article number 33), 33-1-33-7. [More Information]
  • Kavsak, P., Walsh, M., Srinathan, S., Thorlacius, L., Buse, G., Botto, F., Pettit, S., McQueen, M., Hill, S., Thomas, S., Chow, C., et al (2011). High sensitivity troponin T concentrations in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: A prospective cohort study. Clinical Biochemistry, 44(12), 1021-1024. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Islam, S., Bautista, L., Rumboldt, Z., Yusufali, A., Xie, C., Anand, S., Engert, J., Rangarajan, S., Yusuf, S. (2011). Parental History and Myocardial Infarction Risk Across the World - The INTERHEART Study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 57(5), 619-627. [More Information]
  • Wood, A., Pell, J., Patel, A., Neal, B., Raju, P., Chow, C. (2011). Prevention of cardiovascular disease in a rural region of India and strategies to address the unmet need. Heart, 97(17), 1373-1378. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Sheth, T. (2011). Reply. Internal Medicine Journal, 41(7), 583-583. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Chow, C., Lear, S., Rahman, M., Subramanian, S., Teo, K. (2011). Shared environments: a multilevel analysis of community context and child nutritional status in Bangladesh. Public Health Nutrition, 14(6), 951-959. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Devereaux, P. (2011). The Optimal Timing of Smoking Cessation Before Surgery: Comment on "Smoking Cessation Shortly Before Surgery and Postoperative Complications". Archives of Internal Medicine, 171(11), 989-990. [More Information]
  • Yusuf, S., Islam, S., Chow, C., Rangarajan, S., Dagenais, G., Diaz, R., Gupta, R., Kelishadi, R., Iqbal, R., Avezum, A. (2011). Use of secondary prevention drugs for cardiovascular disease in the community in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries (the PURE Study): a prospective epidemiological survey. The Lancet, 378(9798), 1231-1243. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Sheth, T. (2011). What is the role of invasive versus non-invasive coronary angiography in the investigation of patients suspected to have coronary heart disease? Internal Medicine Journal, 41(1a), 5-13. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Jolly, S., Rao-Melacini, P., Fox, K., Anand, S., Yusuf, S. (2010). Association of diet, exercise, and smoking modification with risk of early cardiovascular events after acute coronary syndromes. Circulation, 121(6), 750-758. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Lock, K., Madhavan, M., Corsi, D., Gilmore, A., Subramanian, S., Li, W., Swaminathan, S., Lopez-Jaramillo, P., Avezum, A., et al (2010). Environmental Profile of a Community's Health (EPOCH): An Instrument to Measure Environmental Determinants of Cardiovascular Health in Five Countries. PLoS One, 5(12), e14294-1-e14294-8. [More Information]
  • Thompson, H., Pell, A., Anderson, J., Chow, C., Pell, J. (2010). Screening families of patients with premature coronary heart disease to identify avoidable cardiovascular risk: a cross-sectional study of family members and a general population comparison group. BMC Research Notes, 3, 132. [More Information]
  • Subramanian, S., Islam, S., Chow, C., Avezum, A., Kazmi, K., Sliwa, K., Yih, K., Rangarajan, S., Zannettino, A., et al (2009). Education and risk for acute myocardial infarction in 52 high, middle and low-income countries: INTERHEART case-control study. Heart, 95(24), 2014-22. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Lock, K., Teo, K., Subramanian, S., McKee, M., Zanchetti, A. (2009). Environmental and societal influences acting on cardiovascular risk factors and disease at a population level: a review. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(6), 1580-94. [More Information]
  • Joshi, R., Chow, C., Raju, P., Raju, K., Reddy, S., MacMahon, S., Lopez, A., Neal, B. (2009). Fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease and the use of therapies for secondary prevention in a rural region of india. Circulation, 119(14), 1950-1955. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Devereaux, P., Moayyedi, P. (2009). Is it safe to use a proton pump inhibitor with clopidogrel? Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej, 119(9), 564-568. [More Information]
  • Teo, K., Liu, L., Chow, C., Wang, X., Islam, S., Jiang, L., INTERHEART Investigators, -. (2009). Potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in China: the INTERHEART China study. E-Heart, 95(22), 1857-1864. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Joshi, R., Gottumukkala, A., Raju, P., Raju, K., Reddy, S., MacMahon, S., Neal, B. (2009). Rationale and design of the Rural Andhra Pradesh Cardiovascular Prevention Study (RAPCAPS): a factorial, cluster-randomized trial of 2 practical cardiovascular disease prevention strategies developed for rural Andhra Pradesh, India. American Heart Journal, 158(3), 349-355. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Joshi, R., Celermajer, D., Patel, A., Neal, B. (2009). Recalibration of a Framingham risk equation for a rural population in India. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 63(5), 379-385. [More Information]
  • Teo, K., Chow, C., Vaz, M., Rangarajan, S., Yusuf, S., PURE Investigators-Writing group, -. (2009). The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: examining the impact of societal influences on chronic noncommunicable diseases in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. American Heart Journal, 158(1), e1-e8. [More Information]
  • Chow, C. (2009). What is the significance of unrecognized non-Q-wave myocardial infarction? PLoS Medicine, 6(4), e1000060 - 1-e1000060 - 2. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., McQuillan, B., Raju, P., Iyengar, S., Raju, R., Harmer, J., Neal, B., Celermajer, D. (2008). Greater adverse effects of cholesterol and diabetes on carotid intima-media thickness in South Asian Indians: Comparison of risk factor-IMT associations in two population-based surveys. Atherosclerosis, 199(1), 116-122. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Pell, J. (2008). Importance of screening to prevent heart attacks. Future Cardiology, 4(2), 103-106. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Naidu, S., Raju, P., Raju, R., Joshi, R., Sullivan, D., Celermajer, D., Neal, B. (2008). Significant lipid, adiposity and metabolic abnormalities amongst 4535 Indians from a developing region of rural Andhra Pradesh. Atherosclerosis, 196, 943-952. [More Information]
  • Cardona-Morrell, M., Joshi, R., Ivers, R., Iyengar, S., Chow, C., Colman, S., Ramakrishna, G., Dandona, R., Stevenson, M., Neal, B. (2008). The burden of fatal and non-fatal injury in rural India. Injury Prevention, 14(4), 232-237. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Cardona-Morrell, M., Raju, P., Iyengar, S., Sukumar, A., Raju, C., Colman, S., Madhav, P., Raju, R., Reddy, K., Celermajer, D., Neal, B. (2007). Cardiovascular disease and risk factors among 345 adults in rural India-the Andhra Pradesh Rural Health Initiative. International Journal of Cardiology, 116(2), 180-185. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Pell, A., Walker, A., O'Dowd, C., Dominiczak, A., Pell, J. (2007). Families of patients with premature coronary heart disease: an obvious but neglected target for primary prevention. BMJ (online), 335(7618), 481. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Raju, P., Raju, K., Reddy, K., Cardona-Morrell, M., Celermajer, D., Neal, B. (2006). The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural Indian Adults. (Letter). Diabetes Care, 29(7), 1717-1718. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Amos, D., Celermajer, D. (2005). Cerebrovascular events in young adults after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Cardiology in the Young, 15(2), 130-132. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Mou, D., Patel, A., Celermajer, D. (2005). The role of the 12-lead ECG as a screening test for cardiac source of embolus. Heart, Lung and Circulation, 14(4), 242-244. [More Information]
  • Pai, R., Mitchell, P., Chow, C., Chapman, J., O'Connell, P., Allen, R., Nankivell (Nankievell), B. (2000). Posttransplant cataract: lessons from kidney-pancreas transplantation. Transplantation, 69, 1108-1114.

Conferences

  • Chow, C., McQuillan, B., Raju, K., Raju, R., Celermajer, D. (2006). High levels of subclinical atherosclerosis in rural south Asian Indians could be explained by impaired protection by HDL. Annual Scientific Session of the American College of Cardiology (2006), United States: Elsevier Inc.

2014

  • Redfern, J., Usherwood, T., Harris, M., Rodgers, A., Hayman, N., Panaretto, K., Chow, C., Lau, A., Neubeck, A., Coorey, G., Heeley, E., Patel, A., Jan, S., Peiris, D., et al (2014). A randomised controlled trial of a consumer-focused e-health strategy for cardiovascular risk management in primary care: The Consumer Navigation of Electronic Cardiovascular Tools (CONNECT) study protocol. BMJ Open, 4(2), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Devereaux, P., Mrkobrada, M., Sessler, D., Leslie, K., Alonso-Coello, P., Kurz, A., Villar, J., Sigamani, A., Biccard, B., Meyhoff, C., Chow, C., et al (2014). Aspirin in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The New England Journal of Medicine, 370(16), 1494-1503. [More Information]
  • Devereaux, P., Sessler, D., Leslie, K., Kurz, A., Mrkobrada, M., Alonso-Coello, P., Villar, J., Sigamani, A., Biccard, B., Meyhoff, C., Chow, C., et al (2014). Clonidine in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The New England Journal of Medicine, 370(16), 1504-1513. [More Information]
  • Affan, E., Praveen, D., Chow, C., Neal, B. (2014). Comparability of HbA1c and lipids measured with dried blood spot versus venous samples: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Clinical Pathology, 14(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Redfern, J., Thiagalingam, A., Jan, S., Whittaker, R., Hackett, M., Mooney, J., Keizer, L., Hillis, G., Chow, C. (2014). Development of a set of mobile phone text messages designed for prevention of recurrent cardiovascular events. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 21(4), 492-499. [More Information]
  • Al Raisi, S., Pouliopoulos, J., Barry, M., Swinnen, J., Thiagalingam, A., Thomas, S., Sivagangabalan, G., Chow, C., Chong, J., Kizana, E., Kovoor, P. (2014). Evaluation of lesion and thermodynamic characteristics of Symplicity and EnligHTN renal denervation systems in a phantom renal artery model. EuroIntervention, 10(2), 277-284. [More Information]
  • Mooney, J., Chow, C., Hillis, G. (2014). Perioperative renal function and surgical outcome. Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, 27(2), 195-200. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Yusuf, R., Kelishadi, R. (2014). Prevention and control of hypertension in different countries--reply. JAMA, 311(4), 419-420. [More Information]
  • Blomster, J., Zoungas, S., Chalmers, J., Li, Q., Chow, C., Woodward, M., Mancia, G., Poulter, N., Williams, B., Harrap, S., Neal, B., et al (2014). The relationship between alcohol consumption and vascular complications and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 37(5), 1353-1359. [More Information]
  • Hillis, G., Welsh, P., Chalmers, J., Perkovic, V., Chow, C., Li, Q., Jun, M., Neal, B., Zoungas, S., Poulter, N., Woodward, M., et al (2014). The relative and combined ability of high sensitivity cardiac troponin T and N-terminal pro-BNP to predict cardiovascular events and death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care, 37(1), 295-303. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Subramanian, S., Lear, S., Teo, K., Boyle, M., Raju, P., Joshi, R., Neal, B., Chow, C. (2014). Tobacco use, smoking quit rates, and socioeconomic patterning among men and women: a cross-sectional survey in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 21(10), 1308-1318. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Boyle, M., Lear, S., Chow, C., Teo, K., Subramanian, S. (2014). Trends in smoking in Canada from 1950 to 2011: progression of the tobacco epidemic according to socioeconomic status and geography. Cancer Causes & Control, 25(1), 45-57. [More Information]

2013

  • Mir, H., Roberts, B., Richardson, E., Chow, C., McKee, M. (2013). Analysing compliance of cigarette packaging with the FCTC and national legislation in eight former Soviet countries. Tobacco Control, 22(4), 231-234. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Subramanian, S., Lear, S., Chow, C., Teo, K., Boyle, M. (2013). Co-variation in dimensions of smoking behaviour: A multivariate analysis of individuals and communities in Canada. Health & Place, 22, 29-37. [More Information]
  • Briffa, T., Chow, C., Clark, A., Redfern, J. (2013). Improving outcomes after acute coronary syndrome with rehabilitation and secondary prevention. Clinical Therapeutics, 35(8), 1076-1081. [More Information]
  • Watson, K., Roberts, B., Chow, C., Goryakin, Y., Rotman, D., Gasparishvili, A., Haerpfer, C., McKee, M. (2013). Micro- and meso-level influences on obesity in the former Soviet Union: a multi-level analysis. European Journal of Public Health, 23(2), 291-298. [More Information]
  • Mooney, J., Ranasinghe, I., Chow, C., Perkovic, V., Barzi, F., Zoungas, S., Holzmann, M., Welten, G., Biancari, F., Wu, V., Cass, A., Hillis, G., et al (2013). Preoperative Estimates of Glomerular Filtration Rate as Predictors of Outcome after Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Anesthesiology, 118(4), 809-824. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Teo, K., Rangarajan, S., Islam, S., Gupta, R., Avezum, A., Bahonar, A., Chifamba, J., Dagenais, G., Diaz, R., et al (2013). Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in rural and urban communities in high-, middle-, and low-income countries. JAMA, 310(9), 959-968. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Subramanian, S., Chow, C., McKee, M., Chifamba, J., Dagenais, G., Diaz, R., Iqbal, R., Kelishadi, R., Kruger, A., et al (2013). Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: Baseline characteristics of the household sample and comparative analyses with national data in 17 countries. American Heart Journal, 166(4), 636-646.e4. [More Information]
  • Fathima, F., Joshi, R., Agrawal, T., Hegde, S., Xavier, D., Misquith, D., Chidambaram, N., Kalantri, S., Chow, C., Islam, S., et al (2013). Rationale and design of the Primary pREvention strategies at the community level to Promote Adherence of treatments to pREvent cardiovascular diseases trial number (CTRI/2012/09/002981). American Heart Journal, 166(1), 4-12. [More Information]
  • Redfern, J., Chow, C. (2013). Secondary prevention of coronary heart disease in Australia: a blueprint for reform. Medical Journal of Australia, 198(2), 70-71. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Lear, S., Chow, C., Subramanian, S., Boyle, M., Teo, K. (2013). Socioeconomic and Geographic Patterning of Smoking Behaviour in Canada: A Cross-Sectional Multilevel Analysis. PLoS One, 8(2), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Blomster, J., Chow, C., Zoungas, S., Woodward, M., Patel, A., Poulter, N., Marre, M., Harrap, S., Chalmers, J., Hillis, G. (2013). The influence of physical activity on vascular complications and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 15(11), 1008-1012. [More Information]

2012

  • Devereaux, P., Chan, M., Alonso-Coello, P., Walsh, M., Berwanger, O., Villar, J., Wang, C., Garutti, I., Jacka, M., Sigamani, A., Chow, C., et al (2012). Association Between Postoperative Troponin Levels and 30-Day Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. JAMA, 307(21), 2295-2304. [More Information]
  • Celermajer, D., Chow, C., Marijon, E., Anstey, N., Woo, K. (2012). Cardiovascular Disease in the Developing World: Prevalences, Patterns, and the Potential of Early Disease Detection. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 60(14), 1207-1216. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Redfern, J., Thiagalingam, A., Jan, S., Whittaker, R., Hackett, M., Graves, N., Mooney, J., Hillis, G. (2012). Design and rationale of the tobacco, exercise and diet messages (TEXT ME) trial of a text message-based intervention for ongoing prevention of cardiovascular disease in people with coronary disease: a randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open, 2(1), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Subramanian, S., McKee, M., Li, W., Swaminathan, S., Lopez-Jaramillo, P., Avezum, A., Lear, S., Dagenais, G., Rangarajan, S., Chow, C., et al (2012). Environmental Profile of a Community's Health (EPOCH): An Ecometric Assessment of Measures of the Community Environment Based on Individual Perception. PLoS One, 7(9), 1-7. [More Information]
  • McKee, M., Chow, C. (2012). Improving health outcomes: innovation, coverage, quality and adherence. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, 1(43), e-1-e-3. [More Information]
  • Hillis, G., Woodward, M., Rodgers, A., Chow, C., Li, Q., Zoungas, S., Patel, A., Webster, R., Batty, G., Ninomiya, T., Chalmers, J., et al (2012). Resting heart rate and the risk of death and cardiovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia: clinical and experimental diabetes and metabolism, 55(5), 1283-1290. [More Information]
  • Hillis, G., Hata, J., Woodward, M., Perkovic, V., Arima, H., Chow, C., Zoungas, S., Patel, A., Poulter, N., Mancia, G., Chalmers, J., et al (2012). Resting Heart Rate and the Risk of Microvascular Complications in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of the American Heart Association, 1(5), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Chow, C., Lear, S., Subramanian, S., Teo, K., Boyle, M. (2012). Smoking in Context: A Multilevel Analysis of 49,088 Communities in Canada. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 43(6), 601-610. [More Information]
  • Justin Zaman, M., Patel, A., Jan, S., Hillis, G., Raju, P., Neal, B., Chow, C. (2012). Socio-economic distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and knowledge in rural India. International Journal of Epidemiology, 41(5), 1302-1314. [More Information]
  • Sheth, T., Butler, C., Chow, B., Chan, M., Mitha, A., Nagele, P., Tandon, V., Stewart, L., Graham, M., Choi, G., Chow, C., et al (2012). The coronary CT angiography vision protocol: a prospective observational imaging cohort study in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. BMJ Open, 2(4), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Joshi, R., Chow, C., Raju, P., Raju, K., Gottumukkala, A., Reddy, K., MacMahon, S., Heritier, S., Li, Q., Dandona, R., Neal, B. (2012). The Rural Andhra Pradesh Cardiovascular Prevention Study (RAPCAPS): a cluster randomized trial. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 59(13), 1188-1196. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Patel, A. (2012). Women's cardiovascular health in India. Heart, 98(6), 456-459. [More Information]

2011

  • Gasevic, D., Vukmirovich, I., Yusuf, S., Teo, K., Chow, C., Dagenais, G., Lear, S. (2011). A Direct Assessment of "Obesogenic" Built Environments: Challenges and Recommendations. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2011, 1-8. [More Information]
  • Mir, H., Buchanan, D., Gilmore, A., McKee, M., Yusuf, S., Chow, C. (2011). Cigarette pack labelling in 12 countries at different levels of economic development. Journal of Public Health Policy, 32(2), 146-164. [More Information]
  • Ritchie, G., Kengne, A., Joshi, R., Chow, C., Neal, B., Patel, A., Zoungas, S. (2011). Comparison of Near-Patient Capillary Glucose Measurement and a Risk Assessment Questionnaire in Screening for Type 2 Diabetes in a High-Risk Population in Rural India. Diabetes Care, 34(1), 44-49. [More Information]
  • Joshi, R., Praveen, D., Chow, C., Neal, B. (2011). Effects on the estimated cause-specific mortality fraction of providing physician reviewers with different formats of verbal autopsy data. Population Health Metrics, 9(1, Article number 33), 33-1-33-7. [More Information]
  • Kavsak, P., Walsh, M., Srinathan, S., Thorlacius, L., Buse, G., Botto, F., Pettit, S., McQueen, M., Hill, S., Thomas, S., Chow, C., et al (2011). High sensitivity troponin T concentrations in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: A prospective cohort study. Clinical Biochemistry, 44(12), 1021-1024. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Islam, S., Bautista, L., Rumboldt, Z., Yusufali, A., Xie, C., Anand, S., Engert, J., Rangarajan, S., Yusuf, S. (2011). Parental History and Myocardial Infarction Risk Across the World - The INTERHEART Study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 57(5), 619-627. [More Information]
  • Wood, A., Pell, J., Patel, A., Neal, B., Raju, P., Chow, C. (2011). Prevention of cardiovascular disease in a rural region of India and strategies to address the unmet need. Heart, 97(17), 1373-1378. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Sheth, T. (2011). Reply. Internal Medicine Journal, 41(7), 583-583. [More Information]
  • Corsi, D., Chow, C., Lear, S., Rahman, M., Subramanian, S., Teo, K. (2011). Shared environments: a multilevel analysis of community context and child nutritional status in Bangladesh. Public Health Nutrition, 14(6), 951-959. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Devereaux, P. (2011). The Optimal Timing of Smoking Cessation Before Surgery: Comment on "Smoking Cessation Shortly Before Surgery and Postoperative Complications". Archives of Internal Medicine, 171(11), 989-990. [More Information]
  • Yusuf, S., Islam, S., Chow, C., Rangarajan, S., Dagenais, G., Diaz, R., Gupta, R., Kelishadi, R., Iqbal, R., Avezum, A. (2011). Use of secondary prevention drugs for cardiovascular disease in the community in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries (the PURE Study): a prospective epidemiological survey. The Lancet, 378(9798), 1231-1243. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Sheth, T. (2011). What is the role of invasive versus non-invasive coronary angiography in the investigation of patients suspected to have coronary heart disease? Internal Medicine Journal, 41(1a), 5-13. [More Information]

2010

  • Chow, C., Jolly, S., Rao-Melacini, P., Fox, K., Anand, S., Yusuf, S. (2010). Association of diet, exercise, and smoking modification with risk of early cardiovascular events after acute coronary syndromes. Circulation, 121(6), 750-758. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Lock, K., Madhavan, M., Corsi, D., Gilmore, A., Subramanian, S., Li, W., Swaminathan, S., Lopez-Jaramillo, P., Avezum, A., et al (2010). Environmental Profile of a Community's Health (EPOCH): An Instrument to Measure Environmental Determinants of Cardiovascular Health in Five Countries. PLoS One, 5(12), e14294-1-e14294-8. [More Information]
  • Thompson, H., Pell, A., Anderson, J., Chow, C., Pell, J. (2010). Screening families of patients with premature coronary heart disease to identify avoidable cardiovascular risk: a cross-sectional study of family members and a general population comparison group. BMC Research Notes, 3, 132. [More Information]

2009

  • Chow, C., Patel, A. (2009). A global view of cardiovascular risk factors. In Tonkin, Andrew (Eds.), Therepeutic Strategies: Lipid Disorders, (pp. 1-13). United Kingdom: Clinical Publishing, Oxford.
  • Subramanian, S., Islam, S., Chow, C., Avezum, A., Kazmi, K., Sliwa, K., Yih, K., Rangarajan, S., Zannettino, A., et al (2009). Education and risk for acute myocardial infarction in 52 high, middle and low-income countries: INTERHEART case-control study. Heart, 95(24), 2014-22. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Lock, K., Teo, K., Subramanian, S., McKee, M., Zanchetti, A. (2009). Environmental and societal influences acting on cardiovascular risk factors and disease at a population level: a review. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(6), 1580-94. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Yusuf, S., Anand, A. (2009). Ethnicity and cardiovascular disease. In Salim Yusuf, John A Cairns, A JohnCamm, Ernest L Fallen, Bernard J Gersh (Eds.), Evidence-based Cardiology (Second Edition), (pp. 235-257). UK: BMJ Books.
  • Joshi, R., Chow, C., Raju, P., Raju, K., Reddy, S., MacMahon, S., Lopez, A., Neal, B. (2009). Fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease and the use of therapies for secondary prevention in a rural region of india. Circulation, 119(14), 1950-1955. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Devereaux, P., Moayyedi, P. (2009). Is it safe to use a proton pump inhibitor with clopidogrel? Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej, 119(9), 564-568. [More Information]
  • Teo, K., Liu, L., Chow, C., Wang, X., Islam, S., Jiang, L., INTERHEART Investigators, -. (2009). Potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in China: the INTERHEART China study. E-Heart, 95(22), 1857-1864. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Joshi, R., Gottumukkala, A., Raju, P., Raju, K., Reddy, S., MacMahon, S., Neal, B. (2009). Rationale and design of the Rural Andhra Pradesh Cardiovascular Prevention Study (RAPCAPS): a factorial, cluster-randomized trial of 2 practical cardiovascular disease prevention strategies developed for rural Andhra Pradesh, India. American Heart Journal, 158(3), 349-355. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Joshi, R., Celermajer, D., Patel, A., Neal, B. (2009). Recalibration of a Framingham risk equation for a rural population in India. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 63(5), 379-385. [More Information]
  • Teo, K., Chow, C., Vaz, M., Rangarajan, S., Yusuf, S., PURE Investigators-Writing group, -. (2009). The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: examining the impact of societal influences on chronic noncommunicable diseases in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. American Heart Journal, 158(1), e1-e8. [More Information]
  • McKee, M., Chow, C. (2009). The social determinants of cardiovascular disease. In Salim Yusuf (Eds.), Evidence-Based Cardiology (3rd Edition), (pp. 211-220). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
  • Chow, C. (2009). What is the significance of unrecognized non-Q-wave myocardial infarction? PLoS Medicine, 6(4), e1000060 - 1-e1000060 - 2. [More Information]

2008

  • Chow, C., McQuillan, B., Raju, P., Iyengar, S., Raju, R., Harmer, J., Neal, B., Celermajer, D. (2008). Greater adverse effects of cholesterol and diabetes on carotid intima-media thickness in South Asian Indians: Comparison of risk factor-IMT associations in two population-based surveys. Atherosclerosis, 199(1), 116-122. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Pell, J. (2008). Importance of screening to prevent heart attacks. Future Cardiology, 4(2), 103-106. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Naidu, S., Raju, P., Raju, R., Joshi, R., Sullivan, D., Celermajer, D., Neal, B. (2008). Significant lipid, adiposity and metabolic abnormalities amongst 4535 Indians from a developing region of rural Andhra Pradesh. Atherosclerosis, 196, 943-952. [More Information]
  • Cardona-Morrell, M., Joshi, R., Ivers, R., Iyengar, S., Chow, C., Colman, S., Ramakrishna, G., Dandona, R., Stevenson, M., Neal, B. (2008). The burden of fatal and non-fatal injury in rural India. Injury Prevention, 14(4), 232-237. [More Information]

2007

  • Chow, C., Cardona-Morrell, M., Raju, P., Iyengar, S., Sukumar, A., Raju, C., Colman, S., Madhav, P., Raju, R., Reddy, K., Celermajer, D., Neal, B. (2007). Cardiovascular disease and risk factors among 345 adults in rural India-the Andhra Pradesh Rural Health Initiative. International Journal of Cardiology, 116(2), 180-185. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Pell, A., Walker, A., O'Dowd, C., Dominiczak, A., Pell, J. (2007). Families of patients with premature coronary heart disease: an obvious but neglected target for primary prevention. BMJ (online), 335(7618), 481. [More Information]

2006

  • Chow, C., McQuillan, B., Raju, K., Raju, R., Celermajer, D. (2006). High levels of subclinical atherosclerosis in rural south Asian Indians could be explained by impaired protection by HDL. Annual Scientific Session of the American College of Cardiology (2006), United States: Elsevier Inc.
  • Chow, C., Raju, P., Raju, K., Reddy, K., Cardona-Morrell, M., Celermajer, D., Neal, B. (2006). The prevalence and management of diabetes in rural Indian Adults. (Letter). Diabetes Care, 29(7), 1717-1718. [More Information]

2005

  • Chow, C., Amos, D., Celermajer, D. (2005). Cerebrovascular events in young adults after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Cardiology in the Young, 15(2), 130-132. [More Information]
  • Chow, C., Mou, D., Patel, A., Celermajer, D. (2005). The role of the 12-lead ECG as a screening test for cardiac source of embolus. Heart, Lung and Circulation, 14(4), 242-244. [More Information]

2000

  • Pai, R., Mitchell, P., Chow, C., Chapman, J., O'Connell, P., Allen, R., Nankivell (Nankievell), B. (2000). Posttransplant cataract: lessons from kidney-pancreas transplantation. Transplantation, 69, 1108-1114.

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