Dr Crystal Lee

Research Fellow
Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, Sydney Medical School

Telephone 9036 3443
Fax 9036 3176

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Biographical details

Crystal Lee is an epidemiologist at the Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders. During her doctoral training at The George Institute for International Health, she developed an interest in using large epidemiological datasets to study global health issues. Since joining the Boden Institute, she had been invited to participate in a large Norwegian health study (The HUNT Study) at the HUNT Research Centre, Norway and the Risk Prediction Tools for Identifying People at High Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes (PREDICT-2) project (http://www.idf.org/epidemiology/risk-prediction-tools), an International Diabetes Federation initiative. Her doctoral and postdoctoral trainings were funded by both an NHMRC Public Health Postgraduate Scholarship and Postdoctoral Training Fellowship. In 2013, she received a European Foundation for the Study of Diabetes Albert Renold Travel Fellowship to establish collaboration with Leicester Diabetes Centre, UK.

Research interests

Crystal has engaged herself in a broad range of projects, from molecular biology to public health epidemiology. Her research interest lies in obesity and diabetes epidemiology, which she has been studying since 2005. She began epidemiological research in obesity focusing on adult populations in the Asia-Pacific region, a growing problem in Asian countries. Her current research has greater emphasis on diabetes in adult populations around the world. She now manages the Evaluation of Screening and Early Detection Strategies for Type 2 Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance (DETECT-2) study and leads the PREDICT-2 data analysis team.

Selected grants

2010

  • Burden of cardiovascular disease attributable to metabolic and nutritional risk factors in Australia and the region; Lee C; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Early Career Fellowships (ECF).

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Walker, A., Butler, J., Colagiuri, S., Lee, C. (2013). Simulating a Policy Relevant Reform Option with HealthAgeingMod. In Agnes E.G. Walker, James R.G. Butler, Stephen Colagiuri (Eds.), Health Policy in Ageing Populations: Economic Modeling of Chronic Disease Policy Options in Australia, (pp. 82-105). Sharjah, UAE: Bentham eBooks - imprint of Bentham Science Publishers.

Journals

  • Soulimane, S., Simon, D., Herman, W., Lange, C., Lee, C., Colagiuri, S., Shaw, J., Zimmet, P., Magliano, D., Ferreira, S., et al (2014). HbA1c, fasting and 2 h plasma glucose in current, ex- and never-smokers: a meta-analysis. Diabetologia: clinical and experimental diabetes and metabolism, 57(1), 30-39. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Colagiuri, S. (2013). Risk scores for diabetes prediction: The International Diabetes Federation PREDICT-2 project. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 100(2), 285-286. [More Information]
  • Karaoglu, H., Lee, C., Park, R. (2013). Simple sequence repeats in Puccinia graminis: abundance, cross-formae speciales and intra-species utility, and development of novel markers. Australasian Plant Pathology, 42(3), 271-281. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Colagiuri, R., Magliano, D., Cameron, A., Shaw, J., Zimmet, P., Colagiuri, S. (2013). The cost of diabetes in adults in Australia. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 99(3), 385-390. [More Information]
  • Midthjell, K., Lee, C., Langhammer, A., Krokstad, S., Holmen, T., Hveem, K., Colagiuri, S., Holmen, J. (2013). Trends in overweight and obesity over 22 years in a large adult population: the HUNT Study, Norway. Clinical Obesity, 3, 12-20. [More Information]
  • Vistisen, D., Lee, C., Colagiuri, S., Borch-Johnsen, K., Glumer, C. (2012). A globally applicable screening model for detecting individuals with undiagnosed diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 95(3), 432-438. [More Information]
  • Colagiuri, S., Lee, C., Wong, T., Balkau, B., Shaw, J., Borch-Johnsen, K., The DETECT-2 Collaboration Writing group, -. (2011). Glycemic Thresholds for Diabetes-Specific Retinopathy: Implications for diagnostic criteria for diabetes. Diabetes Care, 34(1), 145-150. [More Information]
  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Colagiuri, S., Woodward, M. (2011). Higher-than-optimal body mass index and diabetes mortality in the Asia Pacific region. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 94(3), 471-476. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Colagiuri, S., Ezzati, M., Woodward, M. (2011). The Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Associated with High Body Mass Index in the Asia–Pacific Region. Obesity Reviews, 12(5), e454-e459. [More Information]
  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Woodward, M., Huxley, R. (2010). Burden of Lung Cancer Deaths due to Smoking for Men and Women in the WHO Western Pacific and South East Asian Regions. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 11(1), 67-72. [More Information]
  • Colagiuri, S., Lee, C., Colagiuri, R., Magliano, D., Shaw, J., Zimmet, P., Caterson, I. (2010). The cost of overweight and obesity in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 192(5), 260-264. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Barzi, F., Woodward, M., Batty, G., Giles, G., Wong, J., Jamrozik, K., Lam, T., Ueshima, H., Kim, H., Huxley, R., et al (2009). Adult height and the risks of cardiovascular disease and major causes of death in the Asia-Pacific region: 21 000 deaths in 510 000 men and women. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(4), 1060-1071. [More Information]
  • Huxley, R., Lee, C., Barzi, F., Timmermeister, L., Czernichow, S., Perkovic, V., Grobbee, D., Batty, G., Woodward, M. (2009). Coffee, decaffeinated coffee, and tea consumption in relation to incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review with meta-analysis. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169(22), 2053-2063. [More Information]
  • Czernichow, S., Lee, C., Barzi, F., Greenfield, J., Baur, L., Chalmers, J., Woodward, M., Huxley, R. (2009). Efficacy of weight loss drugs on obesity and cardiovascular risk factors in obese adolescents: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Obesity Reviews, Online, 1-9. [More Information]
  • Batty, G., Shipley, M., Gunnell, D., Huxley, R., Kivimaki, M., Woodward, M., Lee, C., Smith, G. (2009). Height, wealth, and health: An overview with new data from three longitudinal studies. Economics and Human Biology, 7(2), 137-152. [More Information]
  • Barzi, F., Woodward, M., Czernichow, S., Lee, C., Kang, J., Janus, E., Lear, S., Patel, A., Caterson, I., Patel, J., Huxley, R., et al (2009). The discrimination of dyslipidaemia using anthropometric measures in ethnically diverse populations of the Asia-Pacific Region: The Obesity in Asia Collaboration. Obesity Reviews, , 1-10. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Woodward, M., Zimmet, P., Shaw, J., Cho, N., Kim, H., Viali, S., Tominaga, M., Vistisen, D., Colagiuri, S., et al (2008). Comparisons of metabolic syndrome definitions in four populations of the Asia-pacific region. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, 6(1), 37-46. [More Information]
  • Karaoglu, H., Lee, C., Carter, D., Meyer, W. (2008). Development of polymorphic microsatellite markers for Cryptococcus neoformans. Molecular Ecology Resources, 8(5), 1136-1138.
  • Woodward, M., Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Lam, T., Vander Hoorn, S., Ueshima, H., Fang, X., Kim, H., Rodgers, A., Patel, A., Huxley, R., et al (2008). Elevated total cholesterol: its prevalence and population attributable fraction for mortality from coronary heart disease and ischaemic stroke in the Asia-Pacific region. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 15(4), 397-401. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Wildman, R., Woodward, M. (2008). Indices of abdominal obesity are better discriminators of cardiovascular risk factors than BMI: a meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 61(7), 646-653. [More Information]
  • Huxley, R., Barzi, F., Lee, C., Janus, E., Lam, T., Caterson, I., Lear, S., Patel, J., Shaw, J., Adam, J., Woodward, M., et al (2008). Is central obesity a better discriminator of the risk of hypertension than body mass index in ethnically diverse populations? The Obesity in Asia Collaboration. Journal of Hypertension, 26(2), 169-177.
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Woodward, M., Zimmet, P., Shaw, J., Cho, N., Kim, H., Viali, S., Tominaga, M., Vistisen, D., Colagiuri, S., et al (2008). The metabolic syndrome identifies a heterogeneous group of metabolic component combinations in the Asia-Pacific region. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 81(3), 377-380. [More Information]
  • Aekplakorn, W., Pakpeankitwatana, V., Lee, C., Woodward, M., Barzi, F., Yamwong, S., Unkurapinun, N., Sritara, P. (2007). Abdominal obesity and coronary heart disease in Thai men. Obesity, 15(4), 1036-1042. [More Information]
  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Lawes, C., Ueshima, H., Suh, I., Lam, T., Gu, D., Feigin, V., Jamrozik, K., Ohkubo, T., Woodward, M. (2007). Hypertension: its prevalence and population-attributable fraction for mortality from cardiovascular disease in the Asia-Pacific region. Journal of Hypertension, 25(1), 73-79. [More Information]
  • Colagiuri, S., Lee, C., Huxley, R., Woodward, M. (2007). Letter to the Editor: Metabolic Syndrome and Early Death. Hypertension. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Lam, T., Martiniuk, A., Ueshema, H., Pan, W., Welborn, T., Woodward, M. (2007). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and population attributable fractions for coronary heart disease and stroke mortality in the WHO South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 16(1), 187-192. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Lam, T., Martiniuk, A., Ueshima, H., Pan, W., Welborn, T., Woodward, M., Asia Pacific Cohort Studies, C., MacMahon, S. (2007). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and population attributable fractions for coronary heart disease and stroke mortality in the WHO South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 16(1), 187-192. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Martiniuk, A., Woodward, M., Feigin, V., Gu, D., Jamrozik, K., Lam, T., Mhurchu, C., Pan, W., Suh, I., et al (2007). The burden of overweight and obesity in the Asia- Pacific region. Obesity Reviews, 8(3), 191-196. [More Information]
  • Huxley, R., Barzi, F., Lee, C., Lear, S., Shaw, J., Lam, T., Caterson, I., Azizi, F., Patel, J., Suriyawongpaisal, P., Gill, T., et al (2007). Waist Circumference Thresholds Provide an Accurate and Widely Applicable Method for the Discrimination of Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 30(12), 3116-3118. [More Information]
  • Huxley, R., Barzi, F., Lee, C., Lear, S., Shaw, J., Lam, T., Caterson, I., Azizi, F., Patel, J., Suriyawongpaisal, P., Woodward, M., et al (2007). Waist circumference thresholds provide an accurate, simple and widely applicable method for the discrimination of diabetes. Diabetes Care, 30(12), 3116-3118. [More Information]
  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Lam, T., Huxley, R., Suh, I., Jamrozik, K., Gu, D., Woodward, M., Asia Pacific Cohort Studies, C., MacMahon, S. (2006). The fraction of ischaemic heart disease and stroke attributable to smoking in the WHO Western Pacific and South-East Asian regions. Tobacco Control, 15(3), 181-188. [More Information]
  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Lam, T., Huxley, R., Suh, I., Jamrozik, K., Gu, D., Woodward, M., Asia, P. (2006). The fraction of ischaemic heart disease and stroke attributable to smoking in the WHO Western Pacific and South-East Asian regions. Tobacco Control, 15(3), 181-188. [More Information]
  • Karaoglu, H., Lee, C., Meyer, W. (2005). Survey of Simple Sequence Repeats in Completed Fungal Genomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 22(3), 639-649. [More Information]
  • Armstrong, D., Bell, S., Robinson, M., Bye, P., Rose, B., Harbour, C., Lee, C., Service, H., Nissen, M., Syrmis, M., et al (2003). Evidence for spread of a clonal strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa among cystic fibrosis clinics. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 41(5), 2266-2267.

2014

  • Soulimane, S., Simon, D., Herman, W., Lange, C., Lee, C., Colagiuri, S., Shaw, J., Zimmet, P., Magliano, D., Ferreira, S., et al (2014). HbA1c, fasting and 2 h plasma glucose in current, ex- and never-smokers: a meta-analysis. Diabetologia: clinical and experimental diabetes and metabolism, 57(1), 30-39. [More Information]

2013

  • Lee, C., Colagiuri, S. (2013). Risk scores for diabetes prediction: The International Diabetes Federation PREDICT-2 project. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 100(2), 285-286. [More Information]
  • Karaoglu, H., Lee, C., Park, R. (2013). Simple sequence repeats in Puccinia graminis: abundance, cross-formae speciales and intra-species utility, and development of novel markers. Australasian Plant Pathology, 42(3), 271-281. [More Information]
  • Walker, A., Butler, J., Colagiuri, S., Lee, C. (2013). Simulating a Policy Relevant Reform Option with HealthAgeingMod. In Agnes E.G. Walker, James R.G. Butler, Stephen Colagiuri (Eds.), Health Policy in Ageing Populations: Economic Modeling of Chronic Disease Policy Options in Australia, (pp. 82-105). Sharjah, UAE: Bentham eBooks - imprint of Bentham Science Publishers.
  • Lee, C., Colagiuri, R., Magliano, D., Cameron, A., Shaw, J., Zimmet, P., Colagiuri, S. (2013). The cost of diabetes in adults in Australia. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 99(3), 385-390. [More Information]
  • Midthjell, K., Lee, C., Langhammer, A., Krokstad, S., Holmen, T., Hveem, K., Colagiuri, S., Holmen, J. (2013). Trends in overweight and obesity over 22 years in a large adult population: the HUNT Study, Norway. Clinical Obesity, 3, 12-20. [More Information]

2012

  • Vistisen, D., Lee, C., Colagiuri, S., Borch-Johnsen, K., Glumer, C. (2012). A globally applicable screening model for detecting individuals with undiagnosed diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 95(3), 432-438. [More Information]

2011

  • Colagiuri, S., Lee, C., Wong, T., Balkau, B., Shaw, J., Borch-Johnsen, K., The DETECT-2 Collaboration Writing group, -. (2011). Glycemic Thresholds for Diabetes-Specific Retinopathy: Implications for diagnostic criteria for diabetes. Diabetes Care, 34(1), 145-150. [More Information]
  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Colagiuri, S., Woodward, M. (2011). Higher-than-optimal body mass index and diabetes mortality in the Asia Pacific region. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 94(3), 471-476. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Colagiuri, S., Ezzati, M., Woodward, M. (2011). The Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Associated with High Body Mass Index in the Asia–Pacific Region. Obesity Reviews, 12(5), e454-e459. [More Information]

2010

  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Woodward, M., Huxley, R. (2010). Burden of Lung Cancer Deaths due to Smoking for Men and Women in the WHO Western Pacific and South East Asian Regions. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 11(1), 67-72. [More Information]
  • Colagiuri, S., Lee, C., Colagiuri, R., Magliano, D., Shaw, J., Zimmet, P., Caterson, I. (2010). The cost of overweight and obesity in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 192(5), 260-264. [More Information]

2009

  • Lee, C., Barzi, F., Woodward, M., Batty, G., Giles, G., Wong, J., Jamrozik, K., Lam, T., Ueshima, H., Kim, H., Huxley, R., et al (2009). Adult height and the risks of cardiovascular disease and major causes of death in the Asia-Pacific region: 21 000 deaths in 510 000 men and women. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(4), 1060-1071. [More Information]
  • Huxley, R., Lee, C., Barzi, F., Timmermeister, L., Czernichow, S., Perkovic, V., Grobbee, D., Batty, G., Woodward, M. (2009). Coffee, decaffeinated coffee, and tea consumption in relation to incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review with meta-analysis. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169(22), 2053-2063. [More Information]
  • Czernichow, S., Lee, C., Barzi, F., Greenfield, J., Baur, L., Chalmers, J., Woodward, M., Huxley, R. (2009). Efficacy of weight loss drugs on obesity and cardiovascular risk factors in obese adolescents: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Obesity Reviews, Online, 1-9. [More Information]
  • Batty, G., Shipley, M., Gunnell, D., Huxley, R., Kivimaki, M., Woodward, M., Lee, C., Smith, G. (2009). Height, wealth, and health: An overview with new data from three longitudinal studies. Economics and Human Biology, 7(2), 137-152. [More Information]
  • Barzi, F., Woodward, M., Czernichow, S., Lee, C., Kang, J., Janus, E., Lear, S., Patel, A., Caterson, I., Patel, J., Huxley, R., et al (2009). The discrimination of dyslipidaemia using anthropometric measures in ethnically diverse populations of the Asia-Pacific Region: The Obesity in Asia Collaboration. Obesity Reviews, , 1-10. [More Information]

2008

  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Woodward, M., Zimmet, P., Shaw, J., Cho, N., Kim, H., Viali, S., Tominaga, M., Vistisen, D., Colagiuri, S., et al (2008). Comparisons of metabolic syndrome definitions in four populations of the Asia-pacific region. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, 6(1), 37-46. [More Information]
  • Karaoglu, H., Lee, C., Carter, D., Meyer, W. (2008). Development of polymorphic microsatellite markers for Cryptococcus neoformans. Molecular Ecology Resources, 8(5), 1136-1138.
  • Woodward, M., Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Lam, T., Vander Hoorn, S., Ueshima, H., Fang, X., Kim, H., Rodgers, A., Patel, A., Huxley, R., et al (2008). Elevated total cholesterol: its prevalence and population attributable fraction for mortality from coronary heart disease and ischaemic stroke in the Asia-Pacific region. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 15(4), 397-401. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Wildman, R., Woodward, M. (2008). Indices of abdominal obesity are better discriminators of cardiovascular risk factors than BMI: a meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 61(7), 646-653. [More Information]
  • Huxley, R., Barzi, F., Lee, C., Janus, E., Lam, T., Caterson, I., Lear, S., Patel, J., Shaw, J., Adam, J., Woodward, M., et al (2008). Is central obesity a better discriminator of the risk of hypertension than body mass index in ethnically diverse populations? The Obesity in Asia Collaboration. Journal of Hypertension, 26(2), 169-177.
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Woodward, M., Zimmet, P., Shaw, J., Cho, N., Kim, H., Viali, S., Tominaga, M., Vistisen, D., Colagiuri, S., et al (2008). The metabolic syndrome identifies a heterogeneous group of metabolic component combinations in the Asia-Pacific region. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 81(3), 377-380. [More Information]

2007

  • Aekplakorn, W., Pakpeankitwatana, V., Lee, C., Woodward, M., Barzi, F., Yamwong, S., Unkurapinun, N., Sritara, P. (2007). Abdominal obesity and coronary heart disease in Thai men. Obesity, 15(4), 1036-1042. [More Information]
  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Lawes, C., Ueshima, H., Suh, I., Lam, T., Gu, D., Feigin, V., Jamrozik, K., Ohkubo, T., Woodward, M. (2007). Hypertension: its prevalence and population-attributable fraction for mortality from cardiovascular disease in the Asia-Pacific region. Journal of Hypertension, 25(1), 73-79. [More Information]
  • Colagiuri, S., Lee, C., Huxley, R., Woodward, M. (2007). Letter to the Editor: Metabolic Syndrome and Early Death. Hypertension. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Lam, T., Martiniuk, A., Ueshema, H., Pan, W., Welborn, T., Woodward, M. (2007). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and population attributable fractions for coronary heart disease and stroke mortality in the WHO South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 16(1), 187-192. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Huxley, R., Lam, T., Martiniuk, A., Ueshima, H., Pan, W., Welborn, T., Woodward, M., Asia Pacific Cohort Studies, C., MacMahon, S. (2007). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and population attributable fractions for coronary heart disease and stroke mortality in the WHO South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 16(1), 187-192. [More Information]
  • Lee, C., Martiniuk, A., Woodward, M., Feigin, V., Gu, D., Jamrozik, K., Lam, T., Mhurchu, C., Pan, W., Suh, I., et al (2007). The burden of overweight and obesity in the Asia- Pacific region. Obesity Reviews, 8(3), 191-196. [More Information]
  • Huxley, R., Barzi, F., Lee, C., Lear, S., Shaw, J., Lam, T., Caterson, I., Azizi, F., Patel, J., Suriyawongpaisal, P., Gill, T., et al (2007). Waist Circumference Thresholds Provide an Accurate and Widely Applicable Method for the Discrimination of Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 30(12), 3116-3118. [More Information]
  • Huxley, R., Barzi, F., Lee, C., Lear, S., Shaw, J., Lam, T., Caterson, I., Azizi, F., Patel, J., Suriyawongpaisal, P., Woodward, M., et al (2007). Waist circumference thresholds provide an accurate, simple and widely applicable method for the discrimination of diabetes. Diabetes Care, 30(12), 3116-3118. [More Information]

2006

  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Lam, T., Huxley, R., Suh, I., Jamrozik, K., Gu, D., Woodward, M., Asia Pacific Cohort Studies, C., MacMahon, S. (2006). The fraction of ischaemic heart disease and stroke attributable to smoking in the WHO Western Pacific and South-East Asian regions. Tobacco Control, 15(3), 181-188. [More Information]
  • Martiniuk, A., Lee, C., Lam, T., Huxley, R., Suh, I., Jamrozik, K., Gu, D., Woodward, M., Asia, P. (2006). The fraction of ischaemic heart disease and stroke attributable to smoking in the WHO Western Pacific and South-East Asian regions. Tobacco Control, 15(3), 181-188. [More Information]

2005

  • Karaoglu, H., Lee, C., Meyer, W. (2005). Survey of Simple Sequence Repeats in Completed Fungal Genomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 22(3), 639-649. [More Information]

2003

  • Armstrong, D., Bell, S., Robinson, M., Bye, P., Rose, B., Harbour, C., Lee, C., Service, H., Nissen, M., Syrmis, M., et al (2003). Evidence for spread of a clonal strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa among cystic fibrosis clinics. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 41(5), 2266-2267.

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