Professor Deborah Schofield

Director, GenIMPACT: Centre for Economic Impacts of Genomic Medicine, Macquarie University
Honorary Professor, Northern Clinical School, Pain Management Research Institute and the Kolling Institute
Adjunct Professor, Garvan Institute of Medical Research

Member of the Charles Perkins Centre

Telephone +61 2 9850 4808
Fax +61 2 9850 8497

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Biographical details

Professor Schofield’s career has spanned the Australian Government public service, academia and clinical practice and she has a national and international reputation for her work in economic modelling of the health system.

Professor Schofield established the health microsimulation modelling program at the National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling. She undertook nation-leading work on modelling the distribution of health expenditure and health expenditure trends and private health insurance. As a result Australia is now seen as the international leader in the application of microsimulation to health. Prof Schofield has provided advice to organisations such as the World Health Organisation, the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, Sweden, the National Health Service in the UK and the Associations of the Faculties of Medicine in the UK and Canada. She established Australia’s first model of child care subsidies and their relationship to family earnings and was a developer of STINMOD, a model of income, government benefits and taxation. Over the last 15 years this model has been, and still is, used extensively by major government departments including the Treasury, the opposition for election promises, Cabinet and Budget cabinet, for analysis and costing of major tax-benefit policy changes such as Tax Reform at the time the GST was introduced. She went on to hold senior positions in several Australian Government Departments. These included the Department of Health and Ageing where she managed $42 billion in funding for the current Australian Health Care Agreements which fund public hospitals and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme Budget Policy. At the Australian Treasury she was Director of Health Policy where she managed all analysis and advice to the Treasurer on the Health Portfolio and its funding. She also spent several years as Specialist Adviser at the Treasury and during this time she pioneered the methods for forecasting health expenditure used in the landmark Budget paper called "The Intergenerational Report (IGR)". This report has had a far-reaching impact on the approach to State and Australian Government expenditure policy. It has also fundamentally altered the understanding of the impact of ageing on future demand for health expenditure in Australia. It has been reported by the OECD and has been influential in leading first world nations to recognise that demographic change will place as much pressure on health care as it will on pension systems. Prof Schofield subsequently provided extensive advice to the Productivity Commission on their report of on the Economic Impact of Ageing and was a consultant to the Treasury on the second Intergenerational Report. While at Treasury she wrote a paper on the relationship between health and labour force participation of older workers which led to preventive health policy changes in the 2004-06 budget. Professor Schofield has developed an excellent reputation for her work on the health workforce and is co-lead for the Australian delegation for the International Medical Workforce Collaborative (IMWC), and member of the IMWC planning committee. She has undertaken consultancies for NSW Treasury and Southern Cross University in this area and made a significant contribution to the North Coast Area Health Service (NCAHS) Workforce Development Plan 2005-2015 and now sits on the NCAHS Workforce Development Implementation Plan Committee. She now sits on several government committees including the Professional Programs and Services Advisory Committee (PPSAC) research committee of the Department of Health and Ageing. She is a regular reviewer for the Medical Journal of Australia and other journals

Research interests

Professor Schofield has pioneered the new field of econogenomics, and established her team as the national and international leaders in this field. She has developed a framework of evaluation of clinical genomics taking account of the intergenerational impacts of genetic disease, the impact of new diagnostic approaches, emerging therapies and the large and diverse costs of genetic disorders (including health and social costs, public and private expenditures, and impacts on the proband and their family). This work has been recognised as world leading.

Professor Deborah Schofield has also lead work focusing on: modelling ageing and retirement and their relationships with health and the labour force; modelling of demographic change and the health workforce; long term forecasting of health services and expenditure; and a cohort study of rural health clinicians.

Current research students

Project title Research student
"Economic Evaluation of Chronic Pain Interventions: Developing a population-based Simulation Model to measure the cost-effectiveness of pain interventions including labour force participation and national economic outcomes in the working age population" Anonnya Rizwana CHOWDHURY

Selected grants

2017

  • Preconception carrier screening: providing genetically at risk families with a chance to have healthy children; Schofield D; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Partnership Projects.
  • Centre of Research Excellence in Adolescent Health Services; Steinbeck K, Skinner R, Sanci L, Schofield D, Brooks F, Dawson A, Ivers R, Perry L, Liu B, Collin P; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Centres of Research Excellence.
  • Sydney Vision Initiative; Jamieson R, McCluskey P, Lisowski L, Alexander I, Grigg J, Tam P, Schofield D, Simunovic M; DVC Research/Sydney Research Excellence Initiative 2020 (SREI).

2016

  • Translation of genomics for genetic diagnosis and improved patient management in blinding retinal dystrophy; Jamieson R, Dinger M, Tam P, Grigg J, Bennetts B, Turner A, Schofield D; NSW Ministry of Health, Office for Health and Medical Research/Research Support.
  • The economic and social impacts of genetic sequencing for intellectual disability; Schofield D, Roscioli T, Mattick J, Dinger M, Cowley M, Kasparian N, Field M, Buckley M; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Partnership Projects.
  • Preparing Australia for Genomic Medicine: A proposal by the Australian Genomics Health Alliance; North K, Newson A, Semsarian C, Sue C, Schofield D; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Targeted Call for Research into Preparing Australia for the Genomics Revolution in Health Care.
  • Optimising primary care management of knee osteoarthritis: the PARTNER project; Hunter D, Bennell K, Hinman R, Zwar N, Pirotta M, Briggs A, Schofield D, Forbes A, Bunker S, French S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Partnership Projects.

2015

  • Critical illness in children: Can we afford to neglect the psychosocial risks The impact, acceptability, and cost-effectiveness of routine psychosocial assessment and stepped care for families of infants with heart disease; Schofield D; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2014

  • Keep on keeping on: Predicting who will be able to work until they are 70 years old; Schofield D, Shrestha R, Cunich M; IRT Research Foundation (Illawarra Retirement Trust)/Research Grants.

2013

  • Societal costs of premi children; Schofield D; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.
  • Does bovine lactoferrin (bLF) reduce mortality and morbidity in very low birthweight infants; Tarnow-Mordi W, Soll R, Manzoni P, Darlow B, Isaacs D, Lui K, Schofield D, Wilkinson D, Martin A, Hague W; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Advancing the evidence base for care and policy in priority health areas; Simes R, Keech A, Gebski V, Stockler M, Caterson I, Colagiuri S, Schofield D, Marschner I; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Program Grants.

2012

  • Improving decision making on health interventions: factoring in the long term economic impacts of informal (unpaid) care.; Schofield D, Kelly S, Passey M, Shrestha R, Veerman L, Tanton R, Grobler M; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Partnership Projects.
  • Working beyond the traditional retirement age: quantifying the benefits for retirement savings; Schofield D, Callander E, Shrestha R, Kelly S; National Seniors Australia Productive Ageing Centre/Research Grants.
  • Centre Obesity Management and Prevention Research Excellence in Primary Health Care; Schofield D, Caterson I, Bauman A; Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute./Centres of Research Excellence in Primary Care - Stream 2.
  • Health and Work Research Network; Buchanan J, Bohle P, Schofield D, Colagiuri S, Hickie I, Glozier N, Shaw T, Leeder S, Grunstein R, Riley J, Johnstone R, Quinlan M, Schofield T, Jones M, Matthews L, Grant A, West S, Chen T, Nyberg D, Shrestha R, Fattore T, Scott L, Knox-Haly M, McNamara M, Callander E; DVC Research/Research Network Scheme (SyReNS).

2010

  • Long term economic impacts of disease on older workers to 2030: Costs to government and individuals and opportunities for intervention; Schofield D, Vos E, Grobler M, Percival R, Kelly S, Passey M, Kelly S, Vos E, Percival R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2009

  • Review of emergency department workforce design; Schofield D; Health Administration Corporation/Research Support.
  • Modelling Future Health and Medical Workforce; Schofield D; Australian Society for Medical Research/Research Grant.

2007

  • Economic impacts of disease on older workers: Costs to government and individuals and opportunities for intervention; Schofield D, Earnest A, Edwards D, Percival R, Kelly S, Kelly S, Passey M, Earnest A, Percival R, Kelly S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Understanding the impact of social, economic and geographic disadvantage on the health of Australians in mid-later life: what are the opportunities for prevention; Bauman A, Harris M, Banks E, Redman S, Banks E, Harris M, Schofield D, McMichael A, Bailey S, Bambrick H, Beard J, Broom D, Byles J, Clarke J, Jalaludin B, Louisa J, Nutbeam D, Rodgers B, Woodruff R, Woodward M; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Strategic Awards: Preventative Healthcare and Strengthening Australias Social and Economic Fabric.

2006

  • Workforce analysis; Schofield D; Southern Cross University/Research Grant.
  • Policy advice on the second Intergenerational; Schofield D; Department of Treasury (QLD)/Research Support.
  • NSW Doctors: A workforce study of the International Medical Workforce; Schofield D, Walton M, Page Mitchell S, et al V; NSW Health./Research Grant.
  • Australian Rural Health Research Collaboration; Frager L, Kelly B, Schofield D, Passey M, Lyle D, Beard J; NSW Health./Research and Development Capacity Building Infrastructure Grants Program.
  • The future of the regional health workforce; Schofield D, Fuller J; University of Sydney/Early Career Researcher.
  • Work, health and older working life; Passey M, Schofield D, Earnest A; Pfizer Australia/Research Contract.

Selected publications & creative works

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Books

  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Dal Poz, M., Dreesch, N., Gedik, G., Gupta, N., Hornby, P. (2010). Human Resources for Health Observer: Models and tools for health workforce planning and projections. Bern, Switzerland: WHO Press.

Book Chapters

  • Schofield, D., Beard, J. (2010). Baby boomer doctors and nurses: Demographic change and transitions to retirement. In Ann Larson; David Lyle (Eds.), A Bright Future for Rural Health – Evidence-Based Policy and Practice in Rural and Remote Australian Health Care, (pp. 76-78). Canberra: Australian Rural Health Education Network.
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2010). Estimation and forecasting of workforce attrition to retirement: a case-study from Australia. Human Resources for Health Observer: Models and tools for health workforce planning and projections, (pp. 11-12). Bern, Switzerland: WHO Press.
  • Schofield, D., Rothman, G. (2007). Projections of Commonwealth Health Expenditure in Australia's First Intergenerational Report. In Gupta, A. and Harding, A. (Eds.), Modelling Our Future: Population Ageing, Health and Aged Care, (pp. 149-168). UK: Elsevier.

Journals

  • Tang, O., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Schofield, D. (2018). Application of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) to improve cancer management: A review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Clinical Genetics, 93(3), 533-544. [More Information]
  • Palmer, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Kandula, T., Macintosh, R., Lawson, J., Andrews, P., Sampaio, H., Johnson, A., Farrar, M., et al (2018). Integrating exome sequencing into a diagnostic pathway for epileptic encephalopathy: Evidence of clinical utility and cost effectiveness. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine, 6(2), 186-199. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2018). Psychological distress increases the risk of falling into poverty amongst older Australians: The overlooked costs-of-illness. BMC Psychology, 6(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M. (2018). The economic impacts of using adalimumab (Humira) for reducing pain in people with ankylosing spondylitis: A microsimulation study for Australia. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 21(5), 1106-1113. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Alam, K., Douglas, L., Shrestha, R., MacArthur, D., Davis, M., Laing, N., Clarke, N., Burns, J., Cooper, S., Sandaradura, S., O'Grady, G., et al (2017). Cost-effectiveness of massively parallel sequencing for diagnosis of paediatric muscle diseases. npj Genomic Medicine, 2(4), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Tan, T., Dillon, O., Stark, Z., Schofield, D., Alam, K., Shrestha, R., Chong, B., Phelan, D., Brett, G., Creed, E., et al (2017). Diagnostic impact and cost-effectiveness of whole-exome sequencing for ambulant children with suspected monogenic conditions. JAMA Pediatrics, 171(9), 855-862. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2017). Impact of multidimensional poverty on the self-efficacy of older people: Results from an Australian longitudinal study. Geriatrics and Gerontology International, 17(2), 308-314. [More Information]
  • Doble, B., Schofield, D., Roscioli, T., Mattick, J. (2017). Prioritising the application of genomic medicine. npj Genomic Medicine, 2, 1-6. [More Information]
  • Stark, Z., Schofield, D., Alam, K., Wilson, W., Mupfeki, N., Macciocca, I., Shrestha, R., White, S., Gaff, C. (2017). Prospective comparison of the cost-effectiveness of clinical whole-exome sequencing with that of usual care overwhelmingly supports early use and reimbursement. Genetics in Medicine, 19(8), 867-874. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Passey, M., Veerman, L., Tanton, R., Kelly, S. (2017). The costs of diabetes among Australians aged 45-64-years from 2015 to 2030: Projections of lost productive life years (PLYs), lost personal income, lost taxation revenue, extra welfare payments and lost gross domestic product from Health&WealthMOD2030. BMJ Open, 7(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2017). The long-term productivity impacts of all cause premature mortality in Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 41(2), 137-143. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Kelly, S., Shrestha, R. (2017). Working Beyond the Traditional Retirement Age: The Influence of Health on Australia�s Older Workers. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 29(3), 235-244. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). Arthritis and the Risk of Falling into Poverty: A Survival Analysis Using Australian Data. Arthritis & Rheumatology, 68(1), 255-262. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Tanton, R., Veerman, L., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2016). Economic costs of chronic disease through lost productive life years (PLYs) among Australians aged 45-64 years from 2015 to 2030: results from a microsimulation model. BMJ Open, 6(9), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2016). Higher education attainment does not improve the adult employment outcomes of adolescents with ill health. Journal of Social Inclusion, 7(1), 49-58.
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). Is there a mismatch between who gets iron supplementation and who needs it? A cross-sectional study of iron supplements, iron deficiency anaemia and socio-economic status in Australia. British Journal of Nutrition, 115(4), 703-708. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D. (2016). Microsimulation modelling in genomics. International Journal of Microsimulation, 9(1), 1-4.
  • Lymer, S., Schofield, D., Lee, C., Colagiuri, S. (2016). NCDMod: A microsimulation model projecting chronic disease and risk factors for australian adults. International Journal of Microsimulation, 9(3), 103-139.
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). Pathways into chronic multidimensional poverty amongst older people: a longitudinal study. BMC Geriatrics, 16(1), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). The impact of poverty on self-efficacy: An australian longitudinal study. Occupational Medicine, 66(4), 320-325. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Tanton, R., Veerman, L., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2016). The indirect costs of back problems (dorsopathies) in Australians aged 45 to 64 years from 2015 to 2030: results from a microsimulation model, Health&WealthMOD2030. Pain, 157(12), 2816-2825. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). The potential for poverty to lower the self-efficacy of adults with asthma: An Australian longitudinal study. Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research, 8(2), 141-145. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2016). The Productivity Costs of Premature Mortality Due to Cancer in Australia: Evidence from a Microsimulation Model. PloS One, 11(12), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Doble, B., Schofield, D., Roscioli, T., Mattick, J. (2016). The promise of personalised medicine. The Lancet, 387(10017), 433-434. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). The risk of falling into poverty after developing heart disease: A survival analysis. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the risk of falling into poverty: an observational study. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 32(6), 581-588. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Percival, R. (2015). Back problems, comorbidities, and their association with wealth. Spine Journal, 15(1), 34-41. [More Information]
  • Veerman, J., Shrestha, R., Mihalopoulos, C., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Tanton, R., Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2015). Depression prevention, labour force participation and income of older working aged Australians: A microsimulation economic analysis. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 49(5), 430-436. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2015). Effect of asthma on falling into poverty: the overlooked costs of illness. Annals of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, 114(5), 374-378. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2015). Labour force participation and the influence of having arthritis on financial status. Rheumatology International, 35(7), 1175-1181. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Tanton, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M., Veerman, L. (2015). Lost productive life years caused by chronic conditions in australians aged 45-64 years, 2010-2030. Medical Journal of Australia, 203(6), 260e1-260e6. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2015). Multidimensional poverty and health status as a predictor of chronic income poverty. Health Economics, 24(12), 1638-1643. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Percival, R. (2015). Multiple chronic health conditions and their link with wealth assets. European Journal of Public Health, 25(2), 285-289. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2015). Psychological distress and the increased risk of falling into poverty: a longitudinal study of Australian adults. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(10), 1547-1556. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Kelly, S., Passey, M., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Tanton, R., Veerman, L. (2015). The impact of diabetes on the labour force participation, savings and retirement income of workers aged 45-64 years in Australia. PloS One, 10(2), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Duchesne, G., Grand, M., Kron, T., Haworth, A., Corry, J., Jackson, M., Ng, M., Besuijen, D., Carter, H., Martin, A., Schofield, D., Gebski, V., et al (2015). Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group: Development of the Assessment of New Radiation Oncology Technology and Treatments (ANROTAT) Framework. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, 59(3), 363-370. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Martin, A., Schofield, D., Duchesne, G., Haworth, A., Hornby, C., Sidhom, M., Jackson, M. (2014). A decision model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) compared to three dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) in patients receiving radiotherapy to the prostate bed. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 112(2), 187-193. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Naccarella, L. (2014). An evaluation of the quality of evidence underpinning diabetes management models: a review of the literature. Australian Health Review, 38(5), 495-505. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D. (2014). An invited Commentary on Torrance et al Estimating the burden of disease in chronic pain with and without neuropathic characteristics: does the choice between the EQ-5D and SF-6D matter? Pain, 155(10), 1918-1919. [More Information]
  • Fuller, N., Carter, H., Schofield, D., Hauner, H., Jebb, S., Colagiuri, S., Caterson, I. (2014). Cost-effectiveness of primary care referral to a commercial provider for weight loss treatment, relative to standard care: A modelled lifetime analysis. International Journal of Obesity, 38(8), 1104-1109. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Kelly, S., Veerman, L., Tanton, R., Passey, M., Vos, T., Cunich, M., Callander, E. (2014). Health&WealthMOD2030: A Microsimulation Model of the Long Term Economic Impacts of Disease Leading to Premature Retirements of Australians Aged 45-64 Years Old. International Journal of Microsimulation, 7(2), 94-118.
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2014). How co-morbidities magnify the effect of arthritis on labour force participation and economic status: a costs of illness study in Australia. Rheumatology International, 34(4), 481-489. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D. (2014). How should we measure the impact of chronic pain? Limitations of utility measurement using the EQ-5D and SF-6D. Pain, 155(10), 1918-1919. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2014). Indirect economic impacts of comorbidities on people with heart disease. Circulation Journal, 78(3), 644-648. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2014). LifeLossMOD: A microsimulation model of the economic burden of premature mortality in Australia. International Journal of Microsimulation, 7(3), 33-52.
  • Karikios, D., Schofield, D., Salkeld, G., Robledo, K., Trotman, J., Stockler, M. (2014). Rising cost of anticancer drugs in Australia. Internal Medicine Journal, 44(5), 458-463. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Zannino, D., Simes, R., Schofield, D., Howard, K., Zalcberg, J., Price, T., Tebbutt, N. (2014). The cost effectiveness of bevacizumab when added to capecitabine, with or without mitomycin-C, in first line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer: Results from the Australasian phase III MAX study. European Journal of Cancer, 50(3), 535-543. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Veerman, L., Callander, E., Kelly, S., Tanton, R. (2014). The economic impact of diabetes through lost labour force participation on individuals and government: evidence from a microsimulation model. BMC Public Health, 14(1), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Tanton, R., Veerman, L. (2014). The impact of chronic conditions of care recipients on the labour force participation of informal carers in Australia: which conditions are associated with higher rates of non-participation in the labour force? BMC Public Health, 14(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Tanton, R., Veerman, L. (2014). The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia. PloS One, 9(2), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Hunter, D., Schofield, D., Callander, E. (2014). The individual and socioeconomic impact of osteoarthritis. Nature Reviews Rheumatology, 10, 437-441. [More Information]
  • Bowyer, S., Schofield, D. (2014). The role of oncology nurse practitioners in current oncology practice and lessons for Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 200(7), 382-384. [More Information]
  • Fuller, N., Colagiuri, S., Schofield, D., Olson, A., Shrestha, R., Holzapfel, C., Wolfenstetter, S., Holle, R., Ahem, A., Hauner, H., Caterson, I., et al (2013). A within-trial cost-effectiveness analysis of primary care referral to a commercial provider for weight loss treatment, relative to standard care - an international randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Obesity, 37(6), 828-834. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2013). Chronic health conditions and poverty: a cross-sectional study using a multidimensional poverty measure. BMJ Open, 3(11), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Byles, J., Kimman, M. (2013). Costs of being a carer: labour force participation and lost earnings among older working-aged Australians. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 37(2), 192-193. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2013). Freedom poverty: A new tool to identify the multiple disadvantages affecting those with CVD. International Journal of Cardiology, 166(2), 321-326. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2013). Multiple chronic health conditions and their link with labour force participation and economic status. PloS One, 8(11), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Pit, S., Shrestha, R., Schofield, D., Passey, M. (2013). Partial and complete retirement due to ill-health among mature age Australians. Public Health, 127(6), 561-571. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2013). Premature retirement due to ill health and income poverty: a cross-sectional study of older workers. BMJ Open, 3(5), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2013). The association between labour force participation and being in income poverty amongst those with mental health problems. Aging & Mental Health, 17(2), 250-257. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Percival, R. (2013). The impact of co-morbidities on the wealth of people with heart disease. International Journal of Cardiology, 169(1), e12-e13. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2013). The indirect economic impacts of co-morbidities on people with depression. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(6), 796-801. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2013). The personal and national costs of CVD: Impacts on income, taxes, government support payments and GDP due to lost labour force participation. International Journal of Cardiology, 166(1), 68-71. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2013). The personal and national costs of lost labour force participation due to arthritis: an economic study. BMC Public Health, 13, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2013). The relationship between employment and social participation among Australians with a disabling chronic health condition: a cross-sectional analysis. BMJ Open, 3(1), 1-5. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Callander, E. (2012). Access to general practitioner services amongst underserved Australians: a microsimulation study. Human Resources for Health, 10(1), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2012). Association between co-morbidities and labour force participation amongst persons with back problems. Pain, 153(10), 2068-2072. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2012). Capacity for Freedom - Using a New Poverty Measure to Look at Regional Differences in Living Standards within Australia. Geographical Research, 50(4), 411-420. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2012). Capacity for Freedom-A New Way of Measuring Poverty Amongst Australian Children. Child Indicators Research, 5(1), 179-198. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Simon, K. (2012). Health and functional capacity: capturing capability limitations in measures of health. Health Sociology Review, 21(3), 322-331. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2012). Labor force participation and the influence of having back problems on income poverty in Australia. Spine, 37(13), 1156-1163. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2012). Labour force participation and the influence of having CVD on income poverty of older workers. International Journal of Cardiology, 156(1), 80-83. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2012). Letter to the editor regarding Kawada's comments on the paper labour force participation and the influence of having CVD on income poverty of older workers. International Journal of Cardiology, 157(1), 139-140. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2012). Multiple Disadvantages Among Older Citizens: What a Multidimensional Measure of Poverty Can Show. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 24(4), 368-383. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Kimman, M., Scuteri, J., Fodero, L. (2012). Projecting the Radiation Oncology Workforce in Australia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 13(4), 1159-1166. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Kelly, S. (2012). Sufficient education attainment for a decent standard of living in modern Australia. Journal of Social Inclusion, 3(1), 7-20.
  • Schofield, D., Kelly, S., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Passey, M., Percival, R. (2012). The impact of back problems on retirement wealth. Pain, 153(1), 203-210. [More Information]
  • Passey, M., Shrestha, R., Bertram, M., Schofield, D., Vos, T., Callander, E., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2012). The impact of diabetes prevention on labour force participation and income of older Australians: an economic study. BMC Public Health, 12, 1-16. [More Information]
  • Kelly, S., Percival, R., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Passey, M. (2012). The Impact of Illness on Retirement Finances. Economic Record, 88(283), 576-584. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Kelly, S., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Percival, R. (2012). The long term financial impacts of CVD: Living standards in retirement. International Journal of Cardiology, 155(3), 406-408. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2012). The personal and national costs of early retirement because of spinal disorders: impacts on income, taxes, and government support payments. Spine Journal, 12(12), 1111-1118. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2012). Towards a holistic understanding of poverty: A new multidimensional measure of poverty for Australia. Health Sociology Review, 21(2), 141-155. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Meachem, S., West, C., Kavallaris, M., Callander, E. (2011). A Crisis in the Making? Education, Ageing Populations and the Future of the Medical Research Workforce. Medical Education, 45(2), 200-207. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Callander, E. (2011). Economic impacts of illness in older workers: quantifying the impact of illness on income, tax revenue and government spending. BMC Public Health, 11(418), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2011). Emergency Department Workforce Models: What the literature can tell us. EMA - Emergency Medicine Australasia, 23(1), 84-94. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Kelly, S., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Percival, R., Passey, M. (2011). How depression and other mental health problems can affect future living standards of those out of the labour force. Aging and Mental Health, 15(5), 654-662. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M., Fletcher, S. (2011). Modelling the cost of ill health in Health&WealthMOD (Version II): lost labour force participation, income and taxation, and the impact of disease prevention. International Journal of Microsimulation, 4(3), 32-36.
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2011). Multi-dimensional poverty in Australia and the barriers ill health imposes on the employment of the disadvantaged. Journal of Socio-Economics, 40(6), 736-742. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Fletcher, S., Kelly, S., Percival, R. (2011). Projecting the impacts of illness on labour force participation: an application of Health and Wealth MOD. International Journal of Microsimulation, 4(3), 37-47.
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M., Callander, E. (2011). Quantifying the effect of early retirement on the wealth of individuals with depression or other mental illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 198(2), 123-128. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Percival, R., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2011). Retiring early with cardiovascular disease - impact on individual's financial assets. International Journal of Cardiology, 146(1), 125-126. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Percival, R., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2011). Retiring early with cardiovascular disease-impact on individual's financial assets. International Journal of Cardiology, 146(1), 125-126. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2011). The personal and national costs of mental health conditions: impacts on income, taxes, government support payments due to lost labour force participation. BMC Psychiatry, 11(72), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Cox, J., Adamson, B., Schofield, D. (2011). Truncated careers in nuclear medicine technology: Increased job control may improve retention. Australian Health Review, 35(2), 124-129. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Callander, E., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2010). Early retirement and the financial assets of individuals with back problems. European Spine Journal, , 1-6. [More Information]
  • Pit, S., Shrestha, R., Schofield, D., Passey, M. (2010). Health problems and retirement due to ill-health among Australian retirees aged 45-64 years. Health Policy, 94(2), 175-181. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Page, S., Callander, E., Shrestha, R. (2010). How well prepared are australian dentists for retirement? A survey of practitioners aged 50 and above. International Dental Journal, 60(4), 285-292. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Page Mitchell, S., Callander, E. (2010). Retirement intentions of dentists in New South Wales, Australia. Human Resources for Health, 8(9 (April)), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Percival, R., Passey, M., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2010). The Financial Vulnerability of Individuals with Diabetes. British Journal of Diabetes and Vascular Disease, 10(6), 300-304. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Cox, J., Adamson, B., Schofield, D. (2010). The work environment and its effect on engagement and retention of nuclear medicine technologists: differences between public and private sector workers. Nuclear Medicine Communications, 31(6), 513-520. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Callander, E. (2009). Ageing medical workforce in Australia - where will the medical educators come from? Human Resources for Health, 7(82), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Keane, S., Fletcher, S., Shrestha, R., Percival, R. (2009). Loss of income and levels of scholarship support for students on rural clinical placements: A survey of medical, nursing and allied health students. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 17, 134-140. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fuller, J., Wagner, S., Friis, L., Tyrell, B. (2009). Multidisciplinary management of complex care. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 17(1), 45-48. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Cox, J., Schofield, D., Adamson, B. (2009). The effects of technological developments on nuclear medicine technologist productivity: a systematic review. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 25(3), 383-390. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Fuller, J., Birden, H., Page Mitchell, S. (2009). Where do students in the health professions want to work? Human Resources for Health, 7(1), 74-1-74-8. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Cox, J., Adamson, B., Schofield, D. (2008). A profile of Australian Nuclear Medicine Technologist Practice. Nuclear Medicine Communications, 29(1), 83-90. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D. (2008). Change of the guard in obstetrics and gynaecology: projected retirement to 2025. Cahiers de Sociologie et de Démographie Médicales, 48(1), 107-121. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Earnest, A., Fletcher, S. (2008). Chronic disease and labour force participation among older Australians. Medical Journal of Australia, 189(8), 447-450. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Earnest, A., Passey, M., Shrestha, R. (2008). Where are older workers with chronic conditions employed? Medical Journal of Australia, 188(4), 231-234. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Schofield, D., Cox, J., Adamson, B. (2008). Will the Australian nuclear medicine technologist workforce meet anticipated health care demands? Australian Health Review, 32(2), 282-291. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Earnest, A., Gloor, I., Shrestha, R. (2007). Are We Getting Healthier As We Grow Older? Implications for baby boomer labour force participation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1114, 230-240. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Johnston, N. (2007). Baby boomer pharmacists: ageing and projections of retirement. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 15(3), 161-166. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2007). Baby boomer retirement and the future of dentistry. Australian Dental Journal, 52(2), 138-143. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fuller, J., Fletcher, S., Birden, H., Page, S., Kostal, K., Wagner, S., Schultz, L. (2007). Decision criteria in health professionals choosing a rural practice setting: development of the Careers in Rural Health Tracking Survey (CIRHTS). Rural and Remote Health, 7(666(online)), 1-15. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D. (2007). Replacing the projected retiring baby boomer nursing cohort 2001 – 2026. BMC Health Services Research, 7(87), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, S., Schofield, D. (2007). The impact of generational change and retirement on psychiatry to 2025. BMC Health Services Research, 7(doi:10.1186/1472-6963-7-141), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2007). The physiotherapy workforce is ageing, becoming more masculinised, and is working longer hours: a demographic study. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 53(2), 121-126. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Page Mitchell, S., Lyle, D., Walker, T. (2006). Ageing of the baby boomer generation: how demographic change will impact on city and rural GP and nursing workforce. Rural and Remote Health, 6(4), 604-604. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Earnest, A. (2006). Demographic change and the future demand for public hospital care in Australia, 2005 to 2050. Australian Health Review, 30(4), 507-515. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Beard, J. (2005). Baby boomer doctors and nurses: demographic change and transitions to retirement. Medical Journal of Australia, 183(2), 80-83. [More Information]

Conferences

  • Pit, S., Shrestha, R., Schofield, D., Passey, M. (2010). Partial and complete retirement due to ill-health among mature age Australians: health problems. 4th Symposium on Work Ability, Tampere: Tampere University Press.
  • Pit, S., Shrestha, R., Schofield, D., Passey, M. (2010). Partial and complete retirement due to ill-health among mature age Australians: health problems and rurality. International Federation on Ageing 10th Global Conference 2010, Australia: International Federation on Ageing.
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2007). Medical Retention and Retirement in Australia, 2000 to 2025 - Australia. International Medical Workforce Conference (2007), Sydney, Australia: Univesity of Sydney.
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2007). Medical Workforce Data in Australia. International Medical Workforce Conference (2007), Sydney, Australia: Univesity of Sydney.
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Earnest, A., Gloor, I. (2007). Premature retirement in Australia: What role does illness play? International Medical Workforce Conference (2007), Sydney, Australia: Univesity of Sydney.
  • Fletcher, S., Schofield, D., Fuller, J., Birden, H., Page Mitchell, S. (2007). Where do students want to work? The Careers in Rural Health Tracking Study (CIRHTS). Asia-Pacific Action Alliance on Human Resource for Health 2nd Annual Conference "Health Workforce for Rural Health and Primary Care", on line: Asia Pacific Action Alliance on Human Resources for Health (AAAH).
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Earnest, A., Gloor, I., Shrestha, R. (2006). Are We Getting Healthier As We Grow Older? Implications for baby boomer labour force participation. 3rd International Conference on Healthy Ageing & Longevity, New York: Research Centre for Healthy Ageing & Longevity (IRCHAL).
  • Schofield, D. (2005). Ageing, the health system and the economy: where do the intersections lie? 27th Australian Conference of Health Economists, DVD: Australian Health Economics Society.

Report

  • Schofield, D. (2002). Intergenerational Report 2002-03.
  • Schofield, D., McCrea, G. (2002). The relationship between health and labour force participation of older workers.

Research Reports

  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Callander, E. (2016). Keep on keeping on: Predicting who will be able to work until they are 70 years old, (pp. 1 - 3). Wollongong, Australia: IRT Foundation.

2018

  • Tang, O., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Schofield, D. (2018). Application of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) to improve cancer management: A review of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Clinical Genetics, 93(3), 533-544. [More Information]
  • Palmer, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Kandula, T., Macintosh, R., Lawson, J., Andrews, P., Sampaio, H., Johnson, A., Farrar, M., et al (2018). Integrating exome sequencing into a diagnostic pathway for epileptic encephalopathy: Evidence of clinical utility and cost effectiveness. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine, 6(2), 186-199. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2018). Psychological distress increases the risk of falling into poverty amongst older Australians: The overlooked costs-of-illness. BMC Psychology, 6(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M. (2018). The economic impacts of using adalimumab (Humira) for reducing pain in people with ankylosing spondylitis: A microsimulation study for Australia. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 21(5), 1106-1113. [More Information]

2017

  • Schofield, D., Alam, K., Douglas, L., Shrestha, R., MacArthur, D., Davis, M., Laing, N., Clarke, N., Burns, J., Cooper, S., Sandaradura, S., O'Grady, G., et al (2017). Cost-effectiveness of massively parallel sequencing for diagnosis of paediatric muscle diseases. npj Genomic Medicine, 2(4), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Tan, T., Dillon, O., Stark, Z., Schofield, D., Alam, K., Shrestha, R., Chong, B., Phelan, D., Brett, G., Creed, E., et al (2017). Diagnostic impact and cost-effectiveness of whole-exome sequencing for ambulant children with suspected monogenic conditions. JAMA Pediatrics, 171(9), 855-862. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2017). Impact of multidimensional poverty on the self-efficacy of older people: Results from an Australian longitudinal study. Geriatrics and Gerontology International, 17(2), 308-314. [More Information]
  • Doble, B., Schofield, D., Roscioli, T., Mattick, J. (2017). Prioritising the application of genomic medicine. npj Genomic Medicine, 2, 1-6. [More Information]
  • Stark, Z., Schofield, D., Alam, K., Wilson, W., Mupfeki, N., Macciocca, I., Shrestha, R., White, S., Gaff, C. (2017). Prospective comparison of the cost-effectiveness of clinical whole-exome sequencing with that of usual care overwhelmingly supports early use and reimbursement. Genetics in Medicine, 19(8), 867-874. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Passey, M., Veerman, L., Tanton, R., Kelly, S. (2017). The costs of diabetes among Australians aged 45-64-years from 2015 to 2030: Projections of lost productive life years (PLYs), lost personal income, lost taxation revenue, extra welfare payments and lost gross domestic product from Health&WealthMOD2030. BMJ Open, 7(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2017). The long-term productivity impacts of all cause premature mortality in Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 41(2), 137-143. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Kelly, S., Shrestha, R. (2017). Working Beyond the Traditional Retirement Age: The Influence of Health on Australia�s Older Workers. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 29(3), 235-244. [More Information]

2016

  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). Arthritis and the Risk of Falling into Poverty: A Survival Analysis Using Australian Data. Arthritis & Rheumatology, 68(1), 255-262. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Tanton, R., Veerman, L., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2016). Economic costs of chronic disease through lost productive life years (PLYs) among Australians aged 45-64 years from 2015 to 2030: results from a microsimulation model. BMJ Open, 6(9), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2016). Higher education attainment does not improve the adult employment outcomes of adolescents with ill health. Journal of Social Inclusion, 7(1), 49-58.
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). Is there a mismatch between who gets iron supplementation and who needs it? A cross-sectional study of iron supplements, iron deficiency anaemia and socio-economic status in Australia. British Journal of Nutrition, 115(4), 703-708. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Callander, E. (2016). Keep on keeping on: Predicting who will be able to work until they are 70 years old, (pp. 1 - 3). Wollongong, Australia: IRT Foundation.
  • Schofield, D. (2016). Microsimulation modelling in genomics. International Journal of Microsimulation, 9(1), 1-4.
  • Lymer, S., Schofield, D., Lee, C., Colagiuri, S. (2016). NCDMod: A microsimulation model projecting chronic disease and risk factors for australian adults. International Journal of Microsimulation, 9(3), 103-139.
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). Pathways into chronic multidimensional poverty amongst older people: a longitudinal study. BMC Geriatrics, 16(1), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). The impact of poverty on self-efficacy: An australian longitudinal study. Occupational Medicine, 66(4), 320-325. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Tanton, R., Veerman, L., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2016). The indirect costs of back problems (dorsopathies) in Australians aged 45 to 64 years from 2015 to 2030: results from a microsimulation model, Health&WealthMOD2030. Pain, 157(12), 2816-2825. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). The potential for poverty to lower the self-efficacy of adults with asthma: An Australian longitudinal study. Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research, 8(2), 141-145. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2016). The Productivity Costs of Premature Mortality Due to Cancer in Australia: Evidence from a Microsimulation Model. PloS One, 11(12), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Doble, B., Schofield, D., Roscioli, T., Mattick, J. (2016). The promise of personalised medicine. The Lancet, 387(10017), 433-434. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). The risk of falling into poverty after developing heart disease: A survival analysis. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2016). Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the risk of falling into poverty: an observational study. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 32(6), 581-588. [More Information]

2015

  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Percival, R. (2015). Back problems, comorbidities, and their association with wealth. Spine Journal, 15(1), 34-41. [More Information]
  • Veerman, J., Shrestha, R., Mihalopoulos, C., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Tanton, R., Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2015). Depression prevention, labour force participation and income of older working aged Australians: A microsimulation economic analysis. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 49(5), 430-436. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2015). Effect of asthma on falling into poverty: the overlooked costs of illness. Annals of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, 114(5), 374-378. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2015). Labour force participation and the influence of having arthritis on financial status. Rheumatology International, 35(7), 1175-1181. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Cunich, M., Tanton, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M., Veerman, L. (2015). Lost productive life years caused by chronic conditions in australians aged 45-64 years, 2010-2030. Medical Journal of Australia, 203(6), 260e1-260e6. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2015). Multidimensional poverty and health status as a predictor of chronic income poverty. Health Economics, 24(12), 1638-1643. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Percival, R. (2015). Multiple chronic health conditions and their link with wealth assets. European Journal of Public Health, 25(2), 285-289. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2015). Psychological distress and the increased risk of falling into poverty: a longitudinal study of Australian adults. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(10), 1547-1556. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Kelly, S., Passey, M., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Tanton, R., Veerman, L. (2015). The impact of diabetes on the labour force participation, savings and retirement income of workers aged 45-64 years in Australia. PloS One, 10(2), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Duchesne, G., Grand, M., Kron, T., Haworth, A., Corry, J., Jackson, M., Ng, M., Besuijen, D., Carter, H., Martin, A., Schofield, D., Gebski, V., et al (2015). Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group: Development of the Assessment of New Radiation Oncology Technology and Treatments (ANROTAT) Framework. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, 59(3), 363-370. [More Information]

2014

  • Carter, H., Martin, A., Schofield, D., Duchesne, G., Haworth, A., Hornby, C., Sidhom, M., Jackson, M. (2014). A decision model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) compared to three dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) in patients receiving radiotherapy to the prostate bed. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 112(2), 187-193. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Naccarella, L. (2014). An evaluation of the quality of evidence underpinning diabetes management models: a review of the literature. Australian Health Review, 38(5), 495-505. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D. (2014). An invited Commentary on Torrance et al Estimating the burden of disease in chronic pain with and without neuropathic characteristics: does the choice between the EQ-5D and SF-6D matter? Pain, 155(10), 1918-1919. [More Information]
  • Fuller, N., Carter, H., Schofield, D., Hauner, H., Jebb, S., Colagiuri, S., Caterson, I. (2014). Cost-effectiveness of primary care referral to a commercial provider for weight loss treatment, relative to standard care: A modelled lifetime analysis. International Journal of Obesity, 38(8), 1104-1109. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Kelly, S., Veerman, L., Tanton, R., Passey, M., Vos, T., Cunich, M., Callander, E. (2014). Health&WealthMOD2030: A Microsimulation Model of the Long Term Economic Impacts of Disease Leading to Premature Retirements of Australians Aged 45-64 Years Old. International Journal of Microsimulation, 7(2), 94-118.
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2014). How co-morbidities magnify the effect of arthritis on labour force participation and economic status: a costs of illness study in Australia. Rheumatology International, 34(4), 481-489. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D. (2014). How should we measure the impact of chronic pain? Limitations of utility measurement using the EQ-5D and SF-6D. Pain, 155(10), 1918-1919. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2014). Indirect economic impacts of comorbidities on people with heart disease. Circulation Journal, 78(3), 644-648. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2014). LifeLossMOD: A microsimulation model of the economic burden of premature mortality in Australia. International Journal of Microsimulation, 7(3), 33-52.
  • Karikios, D., Schofield, D., Salkeld, G., Robledo, K., Trotman, J., Stockler, M. (2014). Rising cost of anticancer drugs in Australia. Internal Medicine Journal, 44(5), 458-463. [More Information]
  • Carter, H., Zannino, D., Simes, R., Schofield, D., Howard, K., Zalcberg, J., Price, T., Tebbutt, N. (2014). The cost effectiveness of bevacizumab when added to capecitabine, with or without mitomycin-C, in first line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer: Results from the Australasian phase III MAX study. European Journal of Cancer, 50(3), 535-543. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Veerman, L., Callander, E., Kelly, S., Tanton, R. (2014). The economic impact of diabetes through lost labour force participation on individuals and government: evidence from a microsimulation model. BMC Public Health, 14(1), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Tanton, R., Veerman, L. (2014). The impact of chronic conditions of care recipients on the labour force participation of informal carers in Australia: which conditions are associated with higher rates of non-participation in the labour force? BMC Public Health, 14(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Tanton, R., Veerman, L. (2014). The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia. PloS One, 9(2), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Hunter, D., Schofield, D., Callander, E. (2014). The individual and socioeconomic impact of osteoarthritis. Nature Reviews Rheumatology, 10, 437-441. [More Information]
  • Bowyer, S., Schofield, D. (2014). The role of oncology nurse practitioners in current oncology practice and lessons for Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 200(7), 382-384. [More Information]

2013

  • Fuller, N., Colagiuri, S., Schofield, D., Olson, A., Shrestha, R., Holzapfel, C., Wolfenstetter, S., Holle, R., Ahem, A., Hauner, H., Caterson, I., et al (2013). A within-trial cost-effectiveness analysis of primary care referral to a commercial provider for weight loss treatment, relative to standard care - an international randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Obesity, 37(6), 828-834. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2013). Chronic health conditions and poverty: a cross-sectional study using a multidimensional poverty measure. BMJ Open, 3(11), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Byles, J., Kimman, M. (2013). Costs of being a carer: labour force participation and lost earnings among older working-aged Australians. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 37(2), 192-193. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2013). Freedom poverty: A new tool to identify the multiple disadvantages affecting those with CVD. International Journal of Cardiology, 166(2), 321-326. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2013). Multiple chronic health conditions and their link with labour force participation and economic status. PloS One, 8(11), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Pit, S., Shrestha, R., Schofield, D., Passey, M. (2013). Partial and complete retirement due to ill-health among mature age Australians. Public Health, 127(6), 561-571. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2013). Premature retirement due to ill health and income poverty: a cross-sectional study of older workers. BMJ Open, 3(5), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2013). The association between labour force participation and being in income poverty amongst those with mental health problems. Aging & Mental Health, 17(2), 250-257. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Percival, R. (2013). The impact of co-morbidities on the wealth of people with heart disease. International Journal of Cardiology, 169(1), e12-e13. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2013). The indirect economic impacts of co-morbidities on people with depression. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(6), 796-801. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2013). The personal and national costs of CVD: Impacts on income, taxes, government support payments and GDP due to lost labour force participation. International Journal of Cardiology, 166(1), 68-71. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2013). The personal and national costs of lost labour force participation due to arthritis: an economic study. BMC Public Health, 13, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2013). The relationship between employment and social participation among Australians with a disabling chronic health condition: a cross-sectional analysis. BMJ Open, 3(1), 1-5. [More Information]

2012

  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Callander, E. (2012). Access to general practitioner services amongst underserved Australians: a microsimulation study. Human Resources for Health, 10(1), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2012). Association between co-morbidities and labour force participation amongst persons with back problems. Pain, 153(10), 2068-2072. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2012). Capacity for Freedom - Using a New Poverty Measure to Look at Regional Differences in Living Standards within Australia. Geographical Research, 50(4), 411-420. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2012). Capacity for Freedom-A New Way of Measuring Poverty Amongst Australian Children. Child Indicators Research, 5(1), 179-198. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Simon, K. (2012). Health and functional capacity: capturing capability limitations in measures of health. Health Sociology Review, 21(3), 322-331. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2012). Labor force participation and the influence of having back problems on income poverty in Australia. Spine, 37(13), 1156-1163. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2012). Labour force participation and the influence of having CVD on income poverty of older workers. International Journal of Cardiology, 156(1), 80-83. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2012). Letter to the editor regarding Kawada's comments on the paper labour force participation and the influence of having CVD on income poverty of older workers. International Journal of Cardiology, 157(1), 139-140. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2012). Multiple Disadvantages Among Older Citizens: What a Multidimensional Measure of Poverty Can Show. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 24(4), 368-383. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Callander, E., Kimman, M., Scuteri, J., Fodero, L. (2012). Projecting the Radiation Oncology Workforce in Australia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 13(4), 1159-1166. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Kelly, S. (2012). Sufficient education attainment for a decent standard of living in modern Australia. Journal of Social Inclusion, 3(1), 7-20.
  • Schofield, D., Kelly, S., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Passey, M., Percival, R. (2012). The impact of back problems on retirement wealth. Pain, 153(1), 203-210. [More Information]
  • Passey, M., Shrestha, R., Bertram, M., Schofield, D., Vos, T., Callander, E., Percival, R., Kelly, S. (2012). The impact of diabetes prevention on labour force participation and income of older Australians: an economic study. BMC Public Health, 12, 1-16. [More Information]
  • Kelly, S., Percival, R., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Passey, M. (2012). The Impact of Illness on Retirement Finances. Economic Record, 88(283), 576-584. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Kelly, S., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Percival, R. (2012). The long term financial impacts of CVD: Living standards in retirement. International Journal of Cardiology, 155(3), 406-408. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2012). The personal and national costs of early retirement because of spinal disorders: impacts on income, taxes, and government support payments. Spine Journal, 12(12), 1111-1118. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2012). Towards a holistic understanding of poverty: A new multidimensional measure of poverty for Australia. Health Sociology Review, 21(2), 141-155. [More Information]

2011

  • Schofield, D., Meachem, S., West, C., Kavallaris, M., Callander, E. (2011). A Crisis in the Making? Education, Ageing Populations and the Future of the Medical Research Workforce. Medical Education, 45(2), 200-207. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Kelly, S., Callander, E. (2011). Economic impacts of illness in older workers: quantifying the impact of illness on income, tax revenue and government spending. BMC Public Health, 11(418), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D. (2011). Emergency Department Workforce Models: What the literature can tell us. EMA - Emergency Medicine Australasia, 23(1), 84-94. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Kelly, S., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Percival, R., Passey, M. (2011). How depression and other mental health problems can affect future living standards of those out of the labour force. Aging and Mental Health, 15(5), 654-662. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M., Fletcher, S. (2011). Modelling the cost of ill health in Health&WealthMOD (Version II): lost labour force participation, income and taxation, and the impact of disease prevention. International Journal of Microsimulation, 4(3), 32-36.
  • Callander, E., Schofield, D., Shrestha, R. (2011). Multi-dimensional poverty in Australia and the barriers ill health imposes on the employment of the disadvantaged. Journal of Socio-Economics, 40(6), 736-742. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Fletcher, S., Kelly, S., Percival, R. (2011). Projecting the impacts of illness on labour force participation: an application of Health and Wealth MOD. International Journal of Microsimulation, 4(3), 37-47.
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Kelly, S., Passey, M., Callander, E. (2011). Quantifying the effect of early retirement on the wealth of individuals with depression or other mental illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 198(2), 123-128. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Percival, R., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2011). Retiring early with cardiovascular disease - impact on individual's financial assets. International Journal of Cardiology, 146(1), 125-126. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Percival, R., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2011). Retiring early with cardiovascular disease-impact on individual's financial assets. International Journal of Cardiology, 146(1), 125-126. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Passey, M., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2011). The personal and national costs of mental health conditions: impacts on income, taxes, government support payments due to lost labour force participation. BMC Psychiatry, 11(72), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Cox, J., Adamson, B., Schofield, D. (2011). Truncated careers in nuclear medicine technology: Increased job control may improve retention. Australian Health Review, 35(2), 124-129. [More Information]

2010

  • Schofield, D., Beard, J. (2010). Baby boomer doctors and nurses: Demographic change and transitions to retirement. In Ann Larson; David Lyle (Eds.), A Bright Future for Rural Health – Evidence-Based Policy and Practice in Rural and Remote Australian Health Care, (pp. 76-78). Canberra: Australian Rural Health Education Network.
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Percival, R., Callander, E., Kelly, S., Passey, M. (2010). Early retirement and the financial assets of individuals with back problems. European Spine Journal, , 1-6. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2010). Estimation and forecasting of workforce attrition to retirement: a case-study from Australia. Human Resources for Health Observer: Models and tools for health workforce planning and projections, (pp. 11-12). Bern, Switzerland: WHO Press.
  • Pit, S., Shrestha, R., Schofield, D., Passey, M. (2010). Health problems and retirement due to ill-health among Australian retirees aged 45-64 years. Health Policy, 94(2), 175-181. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Page, S., Callander, E., Shrestha, R. (2010). How well prepared are australian dentists for retirement? A survey of practitioners aged 50 and above. International Dental Journal, 60(4), 285-292. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Dal Poz, M., Dreesch, N., Gedik, G., Gupta, N., Hornby, P. (2010). Human Resources for Health Observer: Models and tools for health workforce planning and projections. Bern, Switzerland: WHO Press.
  • Pit, S., Shrestha, R., Schofield, D., Passey, M. (2010). Partial and complete retirement due to ill-health among mature age Australians: health problems. 4th Symposium on Work Ability, Tampere: Tampere University Press.
  • Pit, S., Shrestha, R., Schofield, D., Passey, M. (2010). Partial and complete retirement due to ill-health among mature age Australians: health problems and rurality. International Federation on Ageing 10th Global Conference 2010, Australia: International Federation on Ageing.
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Page Mitchell, S., Callander, E. (2010). Retirement intentions of dentists in New South Wales, Australia. Human Resources for Health, 8(9 (April)), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Percival, R., Passey, M., Shrestha, R., Callander, E., Kelly, S. (2010). The Financial Vulnerability of Individuals with Diabetes. British Journal of Diabetes and Vascular Disease, 10(6), 300-304. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Cox, J., Adamson, B., Schofield, D. (2010). The work environment and its effect on engagement and retention of nuclear medicine technologists: differences between public and private sector workers. Nuclear Medicine Communications, 31(6), 513-520. [More Information]

2009

  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Callander, E. (2009). Ageing medical workforce in Australia - where will the medical educators come from? Human Resources for Health, 7(82), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Keane, S., Fletcher, S., Shrestha, R., Percival, R. (2009). Loss of income and levels of scholarship support for students on rural clinical placements: A survey of medical, nursing and allied health students. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 17, 134-140. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fuller, J., Wagner, S., Friis, L., Tyrell, B. (2009). Multidisciplinary management of complex care. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 17(1), 45-48. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Cox, J., Schofield, D., Adamson, B. (2009). The effects of technological developments on nuclear medicine technologist productivity: a systematic review. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 25(3), 383-390. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Fuller, J., Birden, H., Page Mitchell, S. (2009). Where do students in the health professions want to work? Human Resources for Health, 7(1), 74-1-74-8. [More Information]

2008

  • Adams, E., Cox, J., Adamson, B., Schofield, D. (2008). A profile of Australian Nuclear Medicine Technologist Practice. Nuclear Medicine Communications, 29(1), 83-90. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D. (2008). Change of the guard in obstetrics and gynaecology: projected retirement to 2025. Cahiers de Sociologie et de Démographie Médicales, 48(1), 107-121. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Shrestha, R., Passey, M., Earnest, A., Fletcher, S. (2008). Chronic disease and labour force participation among older Australians. Medical Journal of Australia, 189(8), 447-450. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Earnest, A., Passey, M., Shrestha, R. (2008). Where are older workers with chronic conditions employed? Medical Journal of Australia, 188(4), 231-234. [More Information]
  • Adams, E., Schofield, D., Cox, J., Adamson, B. (2008). Will the Australian nuclear medicine technologist workforce meet anticipated health care demands? Australian Health Review, 32(2), 282-291. [More Information]

2007

  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Earnest, A., Gloor, I., Shrestha, R. (2007). Are We Getting Healthier As We Grow Older? Implications for baby boomer labour force participation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1114, 230-240. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S., Johnston, N. (2007). Baby boomer pharmacists: ageing and projections of retirement. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 15(3), 161-166. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2007). Baby boomer retirement and the future of dentistry. Australian Dental Journal, 52(2), 138-143. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fuller, J., Fletcher, S., Birden, H., Page, S., Kostal, K., Wagner, S., Schultz, L. (2007). Decision criteria in health professionals choosing a rural practice setting: development of the Careers in Rural Health Tracking Survey (CIRHTS). Rural and Remote Health, 7(666(online)), 1-15. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2007). Medical Retention and Retirement in Australia, 2000 to 2025 - Australia. International Medical Workforce Conference (2007), Sydney, Australia: Univesity of Sydney.
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2007). Medical Workforce Data in Australia. International Medical Workforce Conference (2007), Sydney, Australia: Univesity of Sydney.
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Earnest, A., Gloor, I. (2007). Premature retirement in Australia: What role does illness play? International Medical Workforce Conference (2007), Sydney, Australia: Univesity of Sydney.
  • Schofield, D., Rothman, G. (2007). Projections of Commonwealth Health Expenditure in Australia's First Intergenerational Report. In Gupta, A. and Harding, A. (Eds.), Modelling Our Future: Population Ageing, Health and Aged Care, (pp. 149-168). UK: Elsevier.
  • Schofield, D. (2007). Replacing the projected retiring baby boomer nursing cohort 2001 – 2026. BMC Health Services Research, 7(87), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, S., Schofield, D. (2007). The impact of generational change and retirement on psychiatry to 2025. BMC Health Services Research, 7(doi:10.1186/1472-6963-7-141), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Fletcher, S. (2007). The physiotherapy workforce is ageing, becoming more masculinised, and is working longer hours: a demographic study. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, 53(2), 121-126. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, S., Schofield, D., Fuller, J., Birden, H., Page Mitchell, S. (2007). Where do students want to work? The Careers in Rural Health Tracking Study (CIRHTS). Asia-Pacific Action Alliance on Human Resource for Health 2nd Annual Conference "Health Workforce for Rural Health and Primary Care", on line: Asia Pacific Action Alliance on Human Resources for Health (AAAH).

2006

  • Schofield, D., Page Mitchell, S., Lyle, D., Walker, T. (2006). Ageing of the baby boomer generation: how demographic change will impact on city and rural GP and nursing workforce. Rural and Remote Health, 6(4), 604-604. [More Information]
  • Schofield, D., Passey, M., Earnest, A., Gloor, I., Shrestha, R. (2006). Are We Getting Healthier As We Grow Older? Implications for baby boomer labour force participation. 3rd International Conference on Healthy Ageing & Longevity, New York: Research Centre for Healthy Ageing & Longevity (IRCHAL).
  • Schofield, D., Earnest, A. (2006). Demographic change and the future demand for public hospital care in Australia, 2005 to 2050. Australian Health Review, 30(4), 507-515. [More Information]

2005

  • Schofield, D. (2005). Ageing, the health system and the economy: where do the intersections lie? 27th Australian Conference of Health Economists, DVD: Australian Health Economics Society.
  • Schofield, D., Beard, J. (2005). Baby boomer doctors and nurses: demographic change and transitions to retirement. Medical Journal of Australia, 183(2), 80-83. [More Information]

2002

  • Schofield, D. (2002). Intergenerational Report 2002-03.
  • Schofield, D., McCrea, G. (2002). The relationship between health and labour force participation of older workers.

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