Dr Elizabeth Clarke

PhD, BE (Mechanical Biomedical), BSc
Sydney Medical School Foundation Fellow
Director, Murray Maxwell Biomechanics Laboratory
Kolling Institute of Medical Research
Northern Clinical School
Faculty of Medicine and Health

Telephone 9926 4821

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Biographical details

Dr Clarke has a background in Mechanical Biomedical Engineering and Science, and a PhD in Biomechanics. She joined The University of Sydney in 2010 as Director of the Murray Maxwell Biomechanics Laboratory at the Kolling Institute.

She has over 10 years experience in designing and conducting biomechanics research as an independent researcher, research contractor, and in collaboration with industry partners and clinicians, including:

- Tissue biomechanical testing and analysis (e.g. changes in strength or stiffness with treatment; comparative studies)
- Orthopaedic testing of joints and implants (e.g. knee and spine; changes in laxity, range of motion and stiffness with treatment or disease)
- Experience with other materials and outcomes (e.g. grafts, sutures, and fabrics; friction, cyclic testing, gap formation, viscoelastic properties)
- Biomechanics testing facility with anatomy licence to use human tissue
- Experience sourcing and using animal and human tissue for biomechanical assessment
- Manufacture of custom testing fixtures and experimental equipment
- Developer and user of custom biomechanics-based in vivo animal models for musculoskeletal injury and disease (e.g. pain and osteoarthritis after knee injury; tendon and ligament injury)
- Tissue culture and bioreactor studies (e.g. manipulating and maintaining properties, structure and composition of tissues through mechanical loading)
- Resources and experience to develop new methods, models and equipment

Research interests

Dr Clarke's research projects, collaborations, funding and publications span a wide range of topics including injury, orthopaedics and soft tissue biomechanics. Her major area of research focus is the prevention, repair and pathology of ligament and tendon injuries.

Current research projects include:

- Improving graft options for ligament replacement
- Weakness, pain and osteoarthritis following knee / ACL injury via different mechanisms
- Local and distant effects of tendon / ligament injury on biomechanics, structure, and composition
- Clinical collaborations to improve the outcomes of tendon repair surgery
- Industry collaborations to improve treatment options for tendon and ligament injury

Teaching and supervision

Dr Clarke has 5 years experience lecturing the Biomechanics component of 'Biomechanics and Biomaterials' (a fourth year Biomedical Engineering elective).

Selected grants

2018

  • Xenograft using Kangaroo Tendon as a substitute for ligament reconstruction in the human population - Innovative Manufacturing CRC Limited, Bone Ligament Tendon (BLT) & Allegra Orthopaedics; Little C, Clarke E, Zreiqat H; Innovative Manufacturing CRC (IMCRC)/CRC Research Project.
  • Xenograft using Kangaroo Tendon/Tail as a substitute for ligament reconstruction in the human population; Hartnell N, Sadeghpour A, Little C, Clarke E, Zreiqat H; Innovative Manufacturing CRC (IMCRC)/CRC Research Project.

2016

  • Non-invasive biomechanics of the intervertebral disc using dynamic MRI methods; Clarke E, Jones C, Costi J, Bilston L, Tsourtos J; AOSpine Asia Pacific/Australia and New Zealand Research Grant.
  • Effects of localised compressive loading on tendon health; Clarke E, Little C; The Lincoln Centre/Research Support.
  • Is mild joint injury an osteoarthritis risk?; Clarke E, Little C, Blaker C; Arthritis Australia/Project Grants.

2015

  • Effects of mechanical loads on tendon health and tendon type; Clarke E, Smith M, Little C; The Lincoln Centre/Research Support.
  • Investigating osteoarthritis following different injury mechanisms; Blaker C, Little C, Clarke E; Arthritis Australia/Grants-in-Aid.

2013

  • Safe transport for low birth-weight babies; Clarke E, Sinn J; Royal North Shore Hospital/Staff Specialist Trust Fund.

2012

  • Nonlinear viscoelastic properties of paediatric soft tissues throughout development; Bilston L, Cheng S, Clarke E, Sinkus R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2010

  • Effects of growth and ageing on mechanical property of human muscles; Clarke E; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Early Career Fellowships.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Book Chapters

  • Clarke, E. (2011). Spinal Cord Mechanical Properties. In Lynne E. Bilston (Eds.), Neural Tissue Biomechanics, (pp. 25-40). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
  • Bilston, L., Clarke, E., Cheng, S. (2009). Brain tissue mechanical properties - making sense of 5 decades of test data. In Amit Gefen (Eds.), The Pathomechanics of Tissue Injury and Disease, and the Mechanophysiology of Healing, (pp. 1-18). Kerala, India: Research Signpost.

Journals

  • Choi, R., Smith, M., Clarke, E., Little, C. (2018). Cellular, matrix, and mechano-biological differences in load-bearing versus positional tendons throughout development and aging: a narrative review. Connective Tissue Research, 59(5), 483-494. [More Information]
  • Donald, S., Niu, R., Jones, C., Smith, B., Clarke, E., Lawson, R. (2018). Effects of Removal and Reinsertion of Headless Compression Screws. Journal Of Hand Surgery (American volume), 43(2), 139-145. [More Information]
  • Donald, S., Niu, R., Jones, C., Smith, B., Clarke, E., Lawson, R. (2018). Reply to Citation Accuracy Regarding the Influence of Compression on Fracture Healing"". Journal Of Hand Surgery (American volume), 43(8), e13. [More Information]
  • Keay, L., Coxon, K., Chevalier, A., Brown, J., Rogers, K., Clarke, E., Ivers, R. (2018). Sex differences evident in self-reported but not objective measures of driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 111, 155-160. [More Information]
  • Bolsterlee, B., Finni, T., D�Souza, A., Eguchi, J., Clarke, E., Herbert, R. (2018). Three-dimensional architecture of the whole human soleus muscle in vivo. PeerJ, 6, 1-22. [More Information]
  • Alexander, C., Lum, I., Reid, S., Clarke, E., Stannage, K., El-Sallam Abd, A., Herbert, R., Donnelly, C. (2017). A simple but reliable method for measuring 3D Achilles tendon moment arm geometry from a single, static magnetic resonance scan. Journal of Biomechanics, 55(134), 134-138. [More Information]
  • Lloyd, R., Fletcher, D., Clarke, E., Bilston, L. (2017). Chiari malformation may increase perivascular cerebrospinal fluid flow into the spinal cord: A subject-specific computational modelling study. Journal of Biomechanics, 65, 185-193. [More Information]
  • Smith, M., Clarke, E., Little, C. (2017). Considerations for the Design and Execution of Protocols for Animal Research and Treatment to improve reproducibility and standardization: "DEPART well-prepared and ARRIVE safely". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 25(3), 354-363. [More Information]
  • Coxon, K., Chevalier, A., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Billot, L., Boufous, S., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2017). Effects of a Safe Transportation Educational Program for Older Drivers on Driving Exposure and Community Participation: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 65(3), 540-549. [More Information]
  • Blaker, C., Little, C., Clarke, E. (2017). Joint loads resulting in ACL rupture: Effects of age, sex, and body mass on injury load and mode of failure in a mouse model. Journal of Orthopaedic Research: a journal for musculoskeletal investigation, 35(8), 1754-1763. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Clarke, E., Chevalier, A., Brown, J., Coxon, K., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2017). Perils of using speed zone data to assess real-world compliance to speed limits. Traffic Injury Prevention, 18(8), 845-851. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Coxon, K., Rogers, K., Chevalier, A., Wall, J., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2017). Predictors of older drivers' involvement in high-range speeding behavior. Traffic Injury Prevention, 18(2), 124-131. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Coxon, K., Chevalier, A., Clarke, E., Rogers, K., Brown, J., Boufous, S., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2017). Predictors of older drivers' involvement in rapid deceleration events. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 98, 312-319. [More Information]
  • Brown, J., Sinn, J., Chua, A., Clarke, E. (2017). Quality of harness fit for normal and low birthweight infants observed among newborns in infant car seats. Injury Prevention, 23(2), 81-86. [More Information]
  • Brown, J., Coxon, K., Fong, C., Clarke, E., Rogers, K., Keay, L. (2017). Seat belt repositioning and use of vehicle seat cushions is increased among older drivers aged 75 years and older with morbidities. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 36(1), 26-31. [More Information]
  • Biasutti, S., Dart, A., Smith, M., Blaker, C., Clarke, E., Jeffcott, L., Little, C. (2017). Spatiotemporal variations in gene expression, histology and biomechanics in an ovine model of tendinopathy. PloS One, 12(10), 1-36. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Fletcher, D., Bilston, L. (2017). Sustained high-pressure in the spinal subarachnoid space while arterial expansion is low may be linked to syrinx development. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 20(5), 457-467. [More Information]
  • Blaker, C., Clarke, E., Little, C. (2017). Using mouse models to investigate the pathophysiology, treatment, and prevention of post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Journal of Orthopaedic Research: a journal for musculoskeletal investigation, 35(3), 424-439. [More Information]
  • Meredith, L., Hurren, C., Clarke, E., Fitzharris, M., Baldock, M., de Rome, L., Olivier, J., Brown, J. (2017). Validation of the abrasion resistance test protocols and performance criteria of EN13595: The probability of soft tissue injury to motorcycle riders by abrasion resistance of their clothing. Journal of Safety Research, 61, 1-7. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Coxon, K., Rogers, K., Chevalier, A., Wall, J., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2016). A longitudinal investigation of the predictors of older drivers' speeding behaviour. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 93, 41-47. [More Information]
  • Choi, R., Smith, M., Martin, J., Clarke, J., Dart, A., Little, C., Clarke, E. (2016). Chondroitin sulphate glycosaminoglycans contribute to widespread inferior biomechanics in tendon after focal injury. Journal of Biomechanics, 49, 2694-2701. [More Information]
  • Gomes, A., Campos, T., Beckenkamp, P., Diong, J., Clarke, E., Clarke, J., Herbert, R. (2016). Effects of Isokinetic Eccentric Training on the Human Achilles Tendon. Journal of Exercise Physiology, 19(2), 46-54.
  • Chevalier, A., Coxon, K., Chevalier, A., Wall, J., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2016). Exploration of older drivers' speeding behaviour. Transportation Research Part F, 42, 532-543. [More Information]
  • Zhao, R., Liang, H., Clarke, E., Jackson, C., Xue, M. (2016). Inflammation in Chronic Wounds. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17(12), 1-14. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Chevalier, A., Clarke, E., Coxon, K., Brown, J., Rogers, K., Boufous, S., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2016). Naturalistic rapid deceleration data: Drivers aged 75 years and older. Data in Brief, 9, 909-916. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Chevalier, A., Clarke, E., Wall, J., Coxon, K., Brown, J., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2016). Naturalistic speeding data: Drivers aged 75 years and older. Data in Brief, 8, 136-141. [More Information]
  • Fong, C., Keay, L., Coxon, K., Clarke, E., Brown, J. (2016). Seat belt use and fit among drivers aged 75 years and older in their own vehicles. Traffic Injury Prevention, 17(2), 142-150. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Martin, J., d'Entremont, A., Pandy, M., Wilson, D., Herbert, R. (2015). A non-invasive, 3D, dynamic MRI method for measuring muscle moment arms in vivo: Demonstration in the human ankle joint and Achilles tendon. Medical Engineering and Physics, 37(1), 93-99. [More Information]
  • Langbart, M., Glezos, C., Smith, B., Clarke, E., Lawson, R., Tonkin, M. (2015). A2 pulley integrity and the strength of flexor tendon repair: a biomechanical study in a chicken model. Hand Surgery, 20(1), 11-17. [More Information]
  • Meredith, L., Brown, J., Clarke, E. (2015). Relationship between skin abrasion injuries and clothing material characteristics in motorcycle crashes. Biotribology, 3, 20-26. [More Information]
  • Keay, L., Coxon, K., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Bundy, A., Ivers, R., Lo, S., Boufous, S. (2013). A randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an individual, education-based safe transport program for drivers aged 75 years and older. BMC Public Health, 13, 1-8. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Stoodley, M., Bilston, L. (2013). Changes in temporal flow characteristics of CSF in Chiari malformation Type I with and without syringomyelia: implications for theory of syrinx development. Journal of Neurosurgery, 118(5), 1135-1140. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Fletcher, D., Stoodley, M., Bilston, L. (2013). Computational fluid dynamics modelling of cerebrospinal fluid pressure in Chiari malformation and syringomyelia. Journal of Biomechanics, 46(11), 1801-1809. [More Information]
  • Lau, N., Gorrie, C., Chia, J., Bilston, L., Clarke, E. (2013). Severity of spinal cord injury in adult and infant rats following vertebral dislocation depends on displacement but not speed. Journal of Neurotrauma, 30(15), 1361-1373. [More Information]
  • Meredith, L., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Coxon, K., Boufous, S., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2013). Validation of an in-vehicle monitoring device for measuring driving exposure and deceleration events. Journal of the Australasian College of Road Safety, 24(1), 42-50.
  • Kwah, L., Herbert, R., Harvey, L., Diong, J., Clarke, J., Martin, J., Clarke, E., Hoang, P., Bilston, L., Gandevia, S. (2012). Passive Mechanical Properties of Gastrocnemius Muscles of People With Ankle Contracture After Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(7), 1185-1190. [More Information]
  • Diong, J., Herbert, R., Harvey, L., Kwah, L., Clarke, J., Hoang, P., Martin, J., Clarke, E., Bilston, L., Gandevia, S. (2012). Passive mechanical properties of the gastrocnemius after spinal cord injury. Muscle and Nerve, 46(2), 237-245. [More Information]
  • Herbert, R., Clarke, J., Kwah, L., Diong, J., Martin, J., Clarke, E., Bilston, L., Gandevia, S. (2011). In vivo passive mechanical behaviour of muscle fascicles and tendons in human gastrocnemius muscle-tendon units. Journal of Physiology, 589(21), 5257-5267. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Cheng, S., Green, M., Sinkus, R., Bilston, L. (2011). Using static preload with magnetic resonance elastography to estimate large strain viscoelastic properties of bovine liver. Journal of Biomechanics, 44(13), 2461-2465. [More Information]
  • Boughton, P., Merhebi, J., Kim, C., Roger, G., Diwan, A., Clarke, E., Maddock (nee Amanat), N., Ho, R., Ruys, A. (2010). An Interlocking Ligamentous Spinal Disk Arthroplasty with Neural Network Infrastructure. Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials, and Tissue Engineering, 7, 55-79. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Martin, J., Herbert, R. (2010). Assumption of a 'gravity only region' for gravity correction of passive joint moment data may be problematic [Letter to the Editor]. Journal of Biomechanics, 43(13), 2653-2655. [More Information]
  • Bilston, L., Clarke, E., Brown, J. (2010). Spinal injury in car crashes: crash factors and the effects of occupant age. Injury Prevention, Online, 1-5. [More Information]
  • Cheng, S., Clarke, E., Bilston, L. (2009). The effects of preconditioning strain on measured tissue properties. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(9), 1360-1362. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Cheng, S., Bilston, L. (2009). The mechanical properties of neonatal rat spinal cord in vitro, and comparisons with adult. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(10), 1397-1402. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Choo, A., Liu, J., Lam, C., Bilston, L., Tetzlaff, W., Oxland, T. (2008). Anterior fracture-dislocation is more severe than lateral: A biomechanical and neuropathological comparison in rat thoracolumbar spine. Journal of Neurotrauma, 25(4), 371-383. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Bilston, L. (2008). Contrasting Biomechanics and Neuropathology of Spinal Cord Injury in Neonatal and Adult Rats following Vertebral Dislocation. Journal of Neurotrauma, 25(7), 817-832. [More Information]
  • Cheng, S., Clarke, E., Bilston, L. (2008). Rheological properties of the tissues of the central nervous system: A review. Medical Engineering and Physics, 30(10), 1318-1337. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Appleyard, R., Bilston, L. (2007). Immature sheep spines are more flexible than mature spines: an in vitro biomechanical study. Spine, 32(26), 2970-2979. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., McNulty, P., Macefield, V., Bilston, L. (2007). Mechanically Evoked Sensory and Motor Responses to Dynamic Compression of the Ulnar Nerve. Muscle and Nerve, 35(3), 303-311. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., McNulty, P., Macefield, V., Bilston, L. (2006). Mechanically evoked sensory and motor responses to dynamic compression of the ulnar nerve. Muscle and Nerve, 35(3), 303-311. [More Information]
  • Behrend, O., Dickson, B., Clarke, E., Jin, C., Carlile, S. (2004). Neural Responses To Free Field And Virtual Acoustic Stimulation In The Inferior Colliculus Of The Guinea Pig. Journal of Neurophysiology, 92(5), 3014-3029. [More Information]

Conferences

  • Tan, K., Cheng, S., Clarke, E., Green, M., Sinkus, R., Bilston, L. (2012). Combining rheometry and elastography to understand large deformation soft tissue properties. 2012 International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Conference, IRCOBI 2012, Dublin.

2018

  • Choi, R., Smith, M., Clarke, E., Little, C. (2018). Cellular, matrix, and mechano-biological differences in load-bearing versus positional tendons throughout development and aging: a narrative review. Connective Tissue Research, 59(5), 483-494. [More Information]
  • Donald, S., Niu, R., Jones, C., Smith, B., Clarke, E., Lawson, R. (2018). Effects of Removal and Reinsertion of Headless Compression Screws. Journal Of Hand Surgery (American volume), 43(2), 139-145. [More Information]
  • Donald, S., Niu, R., Jones, C., Smith, B., Clarke, E., Lawson, R. (2018). Reply to Citation Accuracy Regarding the Influence of Compression on Fracture Healing"". Journal Of Hand Surgery (American volume), 43(8), e13. [More Information]
  • Keay, L., Coxon, K., Chevalier, A., Brown, J., Rogers, K., Clarke, E., Ivers, R. (2018). Sex differences evident in self-reported but not objective measures of driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 111, 155-160. [More Information]
  • Bolsterlee, B., Finni, T., D�Souza, A., Eguchi, J., Clarke, E., Herbert, R. (2018). Three-dimensional architecture of the whole human soleus muscle in vivo. PeerJ, 6, 1-22. [More Information]

2017

  • Alexander, C., Lum, I., Reid, S., Clarke, E., Stannage, K., El-Sallam Abd, A., Herbert, R., Donnelly, C. (2017). A simple but reliable method for measuring 3D Achilles tendon moment arm geometry from a single, static magnetic resonance scan. Journal of Biomechanics, 55(134), 134-138. [More Information]
  • Lloyd, R., Fletcher, D., Clarke, E., Bilston, L. (2017). Chiari malformation may increase perivascular cerebrospinal fluid flow into the spinal cord: A subject-specific computational modelling study. Journal of Biomechanics, 65, 185-193. [More Information]
  • Smith, M., Clarke, E., Little, C. (2017). Considerations for the Design and Execution of Protocols for Animal Research and Treatment to improve reproducibility and standardization: "DEPART well-prepared and ARRIVE safely". Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 25(3), 354-363. [More Information]
  • Coxon, K., Chevalier, A., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Billot, L., Boufous, S., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2017). Effects of a Safe Transportation Educational Program for Older Drivers on Driving Exposure and Community Participation: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 65(3), 540-549. [More Information]
  • Blaker, C., Little, C., Clarke, E. (2017). Joint loads resulting in ACL rupture: Effects of age, sex, and body mass on injury load and mode of failure in a mouse model. Journal of Orthopaedic Research: a journal for musculoskeletal investigation, 35(8), 1754-1763. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Clarke, E., Chevalier, A., Brown, J., Coxon, K., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2017). Perils of using speed zone data to assess real-world compliance to speed limits. Traffic Injury Prevention, 18(8), 845-851. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Coxon, K., Rogers, K., Chevalier, A., Wall, J., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2017). Predictors of older drivers' involvement in high-range speeding behavior. Traffic Injury Prevention, 18(2), 124-131. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Coxon, K., Chevalier, A., Clarke, E., Rogers, K., Brown, J., Boufous, S., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2017). Predictors of older drivers' involvement in rapid deceleration events. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 98, 312-319. [More Information]
  • Brown, J., Sinn, J., Chua, A., Clarke, E. (2017). Quality of harness fit for normal and low birthweight infants observed among newborns in infant car seats. Injury Prevention, 23(2), 81-86. [More Information]
  • Brown, J., Coxon, K., Fong, C., Clarke, E., Rogers, K., Keay, L. (2017). Seat belt repositioning and use of vehicle seat cushions is increased among older drivers aged 75 years and older with morbidities. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 36(1), 26-31. [More Information]
  • Biasutti, S., Dart, A., Smith, M., Blaker, C., Clarke, E., Jeffcott, L., Little, C. (2017). Spatiotemporal variations in gene expression, histology and biomechanics in an ovine model of tendinopathy. PloS One, 12(10), 1-36. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Fletcher, D., Bilston, L. (2017). Sustained high-pressure in the spinal subarachnoid space while arterial expansion is low may be linked to syrinx development. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 20(5), 457-467. [More Information]
  • Blaker, C., Clarke, E., Little, C. (2017). Using mouse models to investigate the pathophysiology, treatment, and prevention of post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Journal of Orthopaedic Research: a journal for musculoskeletal investigation, 35(3), 424-439. [More Information]
  • Meredith, L., Hurren, C., Clarke, E., Fitzharris, M., Baldock, M., de Rome, L., Olivier, J., Brown, J. (2017). Validation of the abrasion resistance test protocols and performance criteria of EN13595: The probability of soft tissue injury to motorcycle riders by abrasion resistance of their clothing. Journal of Safety Research, 61, 1-7. [More Information]

2016

  • Chevalier, A., Coxon, K., Rogers, K., Chevalier, A., Wall, J., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2016). A longitudinal investigation of the predictors of older drivers' speeding behaviour. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 93, 41-47. [More Information]
  • Choi, R., Smith, M., Martin, J., Clarke, J., Dart, A., Little, C., Clarke, E. (2016). Chondroitin sulphate glycosaminoglycans contribute to widespread inferior biomechanics in tendon after focal injury. Journal of Biomechanics, 49, 2694-2701. [More Information]
  • Gomes, A., Campos, T., Beckenkamp, P., Diong, J., Clarke, E., Clarke, J., Herbert, R. (2016). Effects of Isokinetic Eccentric Training on the Human Achilles Tendon. Journal of Exercise Physiology, 19(2), 46-54.
  • Chevalier, A., Coxon, K., Chevalier, A., Wall, J., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2016). Exploration of older drivers' speeding behaviour. Transportation Research Part F, 42, 532-543. [More Information]
  • Zhao, R., Liang, H., Clarke, E., Jackson, C., Xue, M. (2016). Inflammation in Chronic Wounds. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17(12), 1-14. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Chevalier, A., Clarke, E., Coxon, K., Brown, J., Rogers, K., Boufous, S., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2016). Naturalistic rapid deceleration data: Drivers aged 75 years and older. Data in Brief, 9, 909-916. [More Information]
  • Chevalier, A., Chevalier, A., Clarke, E., Wall, J., Coxon, K., Brown, J., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2016). Naturalistic speeding data: Drivers aged 75 years and older. Data in Brief, 8, 136-141. [More Information]
  • Fong, C., Keay, L., Coxon, K., Clarke, E., Brown, J. (2016). Seat belt use and fit among drivers aged 75 years and older in their own vehicles. Traffic Injury Prevention, 17(2), 142-150. [More Information]

2015

  • Clarke, E., Martin, J., d'Entremont, A., Pandy, M., Wilson, D., Herbert, R. (2015). A non-invasive, 3D, dynamic MRI method for measuring muscle moment arms in vivo: Demonstration in the human ankle joint and Achilles tendon. Medical Engineering and Physics, 37(1), 93-99. [More Information]
  • Langbart, M., Glezos, C., Smith, B., Clarke, E., Lawson, R., Tonkin, M. (2015). A2 pulley integrity and the strength of flexor tendon repair: a biomechanical study in a chicken model. Hand Surgery, 20(1), 11-17. [More Information]
  • Meredith, L., Brown, J., Clarke, E. (2015). Relationship between skin abrasion injuries and clothing material characteristics in motorcycle crashes. Biotribology, 3, 20-26. [More Information]

2013

  • Keay, L., Coxon, K., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Bundy, A., Ivers, R., Lo, S., Boufous, S. (2013). A randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an individual, education-based safe transport program for drivers aged 75 years and older. BMC Public Health, 13, 1-8. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Stoodley, M., Bilston, L. (2013). Changes in temporal flow characteristics of CSF in Chiari malformation Type I with and without syringomyelia: implications for theory of syrinx development. Journal of Neurosurgery, 118(5), 1135-1140. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Fletcher, D., Stoodley, M., Bilston, L. (2013). Computational fluid dynamics modelling of cerebrospinal fluid pressure in Chiari malformation and syringomyelia. Journal of Biomechanics, 46(11), 1801-1809. [More Information]
  • Lau, N., Gorrie, C., Chia, J., Bilston, L., Clarke, E. (2013). Severity of spinal cord injury in adult and infant rats following vertebral dislocation depends on displacement but not speed. Journal of Neurotrauma, 30(15), 1361-1373. [More Information]
  • Meredith, L., Brown, J., Clarke, E., Coxon, K., Boufous, S., Ivers, R., Keay, L. (2013). Validation of an in-vehicle monitoring device for measuring driving exposure and deceleration events. Journal of the Australasian College of Road Safety, 24(1), 42-50.

2012

  • Tan, K., Cheng, S., Clarke, E., Green, M., Sinkus, R., Bilston, L. (2012). Combining rheometry and elastography to understand large deformation soft tissue properties. 2012 International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Conference, IRCOBI 2012, Dublin.
  • Kwah, L., Herbert, R., Harvey, L., Diong, J., Clarke, J., Martin, J., Clarke, E., Hoang, P., Bilston, L., Gandevia, S. (2012). Passive Mechanical Properties of Gastrocnemius Muscles of People With Ankle Contracture After Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(7), 1185-1190. [More Information]
  • Diong, J., Herbert, R., Harvey, L., Kwah, L., Clarke, J., Hoang, P., Martin, J., Clarke, E., Bilston, L., Gandevia, S. (2012). Passive mechanical properties of the gastrocnemius after spinal cord injury. Muscle and Nerve, 46(2), 237-245. [More Information]

2011

  • Herbert, R., Clarke, J., Kwah, L., Diong, J., Martin, J., Clarke, E., Bilston, L., Gandevia, S. (2011). In vivo passive mechanical behaviour of muscle fascicles and tendons in human gastrocnemius muscle-tendon units. Journal of Physiology, 589(21), 5257-5267. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E. (2011). Spinal Cord Mechanical Properties. In Lynne E. Bilston (Eds.), Neural Tissue Biomechanics, (pp. 25-40). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
  • Clarke, E., Cheng, S., Green, M., Sinkus, R., Bilston, L. (2011). Using static preload with magnetic resonance elastography to estimate large strain viscoelastic properties of bovine liver. Journal of Biomechanics, 44(13), 2461-2465. [More Information]

2010

  • Boughton, P., Merhebi, J., Kim, C., Roger, G., Diwan, A., Clarke, E., Maddock (nee Amanat), N., Ho, R., Ruys, A. (2010). An Interlocking Ligamentous Spinal Disk Arthroplasty with Neural Network Infrastructure. Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials, and Tissue Engineering, 7, 55-79. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Martin, J., Herbert, R. (2010). Assumption of a 'gravity only region' for gravity correction of passive joint moment data may be problematic [Letter to the Editor]. Journal of Biomechanics, 43(13), 2653-2655. [More Information]
  • Bilston, L., Clarke, E., Brown, J. (2010). Spinal injury in car crashes: crash factors and the effects of occupant age. Injury Prevention, Online, 1-5. [More Information]

2009

  • Bilston, L., Clarke, E., Cheng, S. (2009). Brain tissue mechanical properties - making sense of 5 decades of test data. In Amit Gefen (Eds.), The Pathomechanics of Tissue Injury and Disease, and the Mechanophysiology of Healing, (pp. 1-18). Kerala, India: Research Signpost.
  • Cheng, S., Clarke, E., Bilston, L. (2009). The effects of preconditioning strain on measured tissue properties. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(9), 1360-1362. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Cheng, S., Bilston, L. (2009). The mechanical properties of neonatal rat spinal cord in vitro, and comparisons with adult. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(10), 1397-1402. [More Information]

2008

  • Clarke, E., Choo, A., Liu, J., Lam, C., Bilston, L., Tetzlaff, W., Oxland, T. (2008). Anterior fracture-dislocation is more severe than lateral: A biomechanical and neuropathological comparison in rat thoracolumbar spine. Journal of Neurotrauma, 25(4), 371-383. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., Bilston, L. (2008). Contrasting Biomechanics and Neuropathology of Spinal Cord Injury in Neonatal and Adult Rats following Vertebral Dislocation. Journal of Neurotrauma, 25(7), 817-832. [More Information]
  • Cheng, S., Clarke, E., Bilston, L. (2008). Rheological properties of the tissues of the central nervous system: A review. Medical Engineering and Physics, 30(10), 1318-1337. [More Information]

2007

  • Clarke, E., Appleyard, R., Bilston, L. (2007). Immature sheep spines are more flexible than mature spines: an in vitro biomechanical study. Spine, 32(26), 2970-2979. [More Information]
  • Clarke, E., McNulty, P., Macefield, V., Bilston, L. (2007). Mechanically Evoked Sensory and Motor Responses to Dynamic Compression of the Ulnar Nerve. Muscle and Nerve, 35(3), 303-311. [More Information]

2006

  • Clarke, E., McNulty, P., Macefield, V., Bilston, L. (2006). Mechanically evoked sensory and motor responses to dynamic compression of the ulnar nerve. Muscle and Nerve, 35(3), 303-311. [More Information]

2004

  • Behrend, O., Dickson, B., Clarke, E., Jin, C., Carlile, S. (2004). Neural Responses To Free Field And Virtual Acoustic Stimulation In The Inferior Colliculus Of The Guinea Pig. Journal of Neurophysiology, 92(5), 3014-3029. [More Information]

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