Associate Professor James Middleton

Associate Professor
Medicine, Northern Clinical School
Rehabilitation Studies Unit


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Biographical details

James is a Consultant in Rehabilitation Medicine, with extensive clinical experience and research expertise in the field of spinal cord injury medicine and rehabilitation, having worked across the continuum of care in acute hospital, sub-acute rehabilitation and community outreach services. He is Director of the NSW State Spinal Cord Injury Service, Agency for Clinical Innovation. Prior to taking up his current role, he was Medical Director of the Moorong Spinal Unit at the Royal Rehabilitation Centre Sydney, between 1996 and 2006, providing inpatient rehabilitation to a majority of spinal cord injured clients in NSW, and also working at Royal North Shore Hospital.

Combining a continuing clinical involvement (currently as the Senior MedicalSpecialistfor the NSW Spinal Outreach Service) with service and academic roles affords Associate Professor Middleton a unique opportunity as a committed clinician-researcher to undertake collaborative interdisciplinary research. His research isbroadly focused on areas includingmanagement systems, functional, psychological, health and participation outcomes, pain management, health service delivery and utilization, quality of life, life expectancy and use of assistive technologies, such as functional electrical stimulation.

James is Chief Investigator for a 2012-2015 NHMRC Partnership Project entitled ‘Right care, right time, right place: Improving outcomes for people with spinal cord injury through early intervention and improved access to specialised care’, examining timeliness of access and quality of care, rate limiting steps and decision-making processes along the early care pathway from scene of injury to definitive treatment in a specialized Spinal Cord Injury Unit, and resultant health outcomes following traumatic spinal cord injury. It involves collaboration among key stakeholders responsible for and interested in health services provision, funding, policy development and research into care for people with SCI. The study will collect data in NSW and Victoria with existing no-fault based lifetime care schemes and where Major Trauma Services and their relation to the specialised SCIUs are configured differently, allowing for comparison of triage protocols, transport times, bypass and inter-hospital transfer policies and processes, and patterns of care.

Selected grants

2013

  • Developing a Community of Practice for Knowledge Translation and Practice Improvement in Spinal Cord Injury and Traumatic Brain Injury; Middleton J; NSW Ministry of Health, Office for Health and Medical Research/NSW Neurological Conditions Translational Research Grants Program.
  • Efficacy of cognitive screening for all patients with SCI when participating in rehabilitation; Craig A, Middleton J; Lifetime Care and Support Authority of NSW/Research Grants.

2012

  • Right Care, Right Time, Right Place: Improving Outcomes for People with Spinal Cord Injury through Early Intervention and Improved Access to Specialised Care; Middleton J, Marshall R, Middleton P, Harrison J, Watt W, Brown D, Cameron P, McClure R, Lyons N, Bowen D; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Partnership Projects.
  • Understanding why people with spinal cord injury experience episodes of very high blood pressure; Middleton J, Brock J; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2010

  • Probiotic Prophylaxis of Spinal Cord Injury Urinary Tract-Infection Therapeutic-Trial; Simpson J, Middleton J, Goodall S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2009

  • Psycosocial aspects of spinal cord injury [SCI] rehabilitation: best practice assessment and intervention; Craig A, Middleton J; Lifetime Care and Support Authority of NSW/Research Grants.

2008

  • A novel approach to the training of functional standing following spinal cord injury.; Crosbie W, Davis G, Middleton J, Butler J; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2007

  • Activation of brain regions in people with neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury; Siddall P, Middleton J; Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists/Research Grants.
  • Australasian spinal cord injury network (ASCIN) project; Middleton J; Office for Science and Medical Research (NSW)/Research Grant.

2006

  • ANZCA 2007 - Siddall Trials Group Pilot Grant; Siddall P, Middleton J; ANZ Coll Anaesthetists (ANZCA)/Trials Group Pilot Grant.
  • A Non-conductive Force Platform System to Interface with Real-time Motion Analysis for Capturing and Analysing Functional Motion in disabled Populations; Kilbreath S, Hunt A, Latimer J, Refshauge K, Maher C, Middleton J, Davis G, Crosbie W; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2005

  • Enhancing functional recovery and independence after spinal cord injury.; Davis G, Butler J, Lord S, Middleton J, Gandevia S, Lee B, Craig A, Nickolls P, Scott T, Butler J, Lord S; NSW Ministry of Science and Medical Research/Spinal Cord Injury Research Grants.
  • Motion star wireless 2 real-time motion capture system; Crosbie W, Moseley G, Alison J, Latimer J, Davis G, Kilbreath S, Refshauge K, Maher C, Middleton J, O'Dwyer N; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2004

  • Orthostatic tolerance during FES-evoked standing and stepping in paraplegia: a safety and viability study; Crosbie W, Raymond J, Middleton J, Davis G; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Craig, A., Tran, Y., Middleton, J., Cameron, I. (2013). Chronic Fatigue in People with Neurological Injuries and its Influence on Wellbeing. In Alexandra M. Columbus (Eds.), Advances in Psychology Research, (pp. 65-82). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Middleton, J., Cameron, I., Wilson, S., King, C. (2003). Rehabilitation of trauma. In Sherry, Templeton, Trieu (Eds.), Trauma, (pp. 678-707). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Journals

  • Craig, A., Rodrigues, D., Tran, Y., Guest, R., Bartrop, R., Middleton, J. (2014). Developing an algorithm capable of discriminating depressed mood in people with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 52(5), 413-416. [More Information]
  • Craig, A., Tran, Y., Siddall, P., Wijesuriya, N., Lovas, J., Bartrop, R., Middleton, J. (2013). Developing a Model of Associations Between Chronic Pain, Depressive Mood, Chronic Fatigue, and Self-Efficacy in People With Spinal Cord Injury. The Journal of Pain, 14(9), 911-920. [More Information]
  • Hasnan, N., Ektas, N., Tanhoffer, A., Tanhoffer, R., Fornusek, C., Middleton, J., Husain, R., Davis, G. (2013). Exercise responses during functional electrical stimulation cycling in individuals with spinal cord injury. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45(6), 1131-1138. [More Information]
  • Walsh, J., Middleton, J. (2013). Inconsistencies in methodologies of calculating expectation of life. Spinal Cord, 51(12), 938-939. [More Information]
  • Rodrigues, D., Tran, Y., Wijesuriya, N., Guest, R., Middleton, J., Craig, A. (2013). Pain Intensity and Its Association with Negative Mood States in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury. Pain and Therapy, 2(2), 113-119. [More Information]
  • Schaafsma, F., Middleton, J., De Wolf, A., Tate, R., Cameron, I. (2013). The association of compensation and long term health status for people with severe traumatic injuries. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 45(5), 446-451. [More Information]
  • Wijesuriya, N., Craig, A., Tran, Y., Middleton, J. (2012). Fatigue and anger in people with spinal cord injury. Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling, 18(1), 60-65. [More Information]
  • Craig, A., Tran, Y., Wijesuriya, N., Middleton, J. (2012). Fatigue and tiredness in people with spinal cord injury. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 73(3), 205-210. [More Information]
  • Wijesuriya, N., Tran, Y., Middleton, J., Craig, A. (2012). Impact of Fatigue on the Health-Related Quality of Life in Persons with Spinal Cord Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(2), 319-324. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Dayton, A., Walsh, J., Rutkowski, S., Leong, G., Duong, S. (2012). Life expectancy after spinal cord injury: a 50-year study. Spinal Cord, 50(11), 803-811. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Davies, S., Anand, S., Reinten-Reynolds, T., Marial, O., Middleton, J. (2012). The pre-hospital epidemiology and management of spinal cord injuries in New South Wales: 2004-2008. Injury, 43(4), 480-485. [More Information]
  • De Wolf, A., Tate, R., Lannin Marshman, N., Middleton, J., Lane-Brown, A., Cameron, I. (2012). The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, WHODAS II: Reliability and validity in the measurement of activity and participation in a spinal cord injury population. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 44(8), 747-755. [More Information]
  • Perry, K., Nicholas, M., Middleton, J. (2011). Multidisciplinary cognitive behavioural pain management programmes for people with a spinal cord injury: design and implementation. Disability and Rehabilitation, 33(13-14), 1272-1280. [More Information]
  • Murphy, G., Middleton, J., Quirk, R., De Wolf, A., Cameron, I. (2011). Predicting Employment Status at 2 Years' Postdischarge From Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Psychology, 56(3), 251-256. [More Information]
  • Tanhoffer, A., Crosbie, W., Davis, G., Middleton, J., Butler, J. (2010). A Comparison of Low and High Frequency Functional Electrical Stimulation During Standing in Spinal Cord Injury. Assistive Technology Research Series, 26, 335-337. [More Information]
  • Nicholson Perry, K., Nicholas, M., Middleton, J. (2010). Comparison of a pain management program with usual care in a pain management center for people with spinal cord injury-related chronic pain. Clinical Journal of Pain, 26(3), 206-216. [More Information]
  • Harvey, L., Fornusek, C., Bowden, J., Pontifex, N., Glinsky, J., Middleton, J., Gandevia, S., Davis, G. (2010). Electrical stimulation plus progressive resistance training for leg strength in spinal cord injury: A randomized controlled trial. Spinal Cord, 48(7), 570-575. [More Information]
  • De Wolf, A., Lane-Brown, A., Tate, R., Middleton, J., Cameron, I. (2010). Measuring community integration after spinal cord injury: validation of the Sydney psychosocial reintegration scale and community integration measure. Quality of Life Research, 19(8), 1185-1193. [More Information]
  • Stanwell, P., Siddall, P., Keshava, N., Cocuzzo, D., Ramadan, S., Lin, A., Herbert, D., Craig, A., Tran, Y., Middleton, J., Cousins, M., et al (2010). Neuro magnetic resonance spectroscopy using wavelet decomposition and statistical testing identifies biochemical changes in people with spinal cord injury and pain. Fertility and Sterility, 53(2), 544-552. [More Information]
  • Boswell-Ruys, C., Harvey, L., Barker, J., Ben, M., Middleton, J., Lord, S. (2010). Training unsupported sitting in people with chronic spinal cord injuries: a randomized controlled trial. Spinal Cord, 48(2), 138-143. [More Information]
  • Crosbie, W., Russold, M., Raymond, J., Middleton, J., Davis, G. (2009). Functional Electrical Stimulation-Supported Interval Training Following Sensorimotor-Complete Spinal Cord Injury: A Case Series. Neuromodulation, 12(3), 224-231. [More Information]
  • Wrigley, P., Press, S., Gustin, S., Macefield, V., Gandevia, S., Cousins, M., Middleton, J., Henderson, L., Siddall, P. (2009). Neuropathic pain and primary somatosensory cortex reorganization following spinal cord injury. Pain, 141(1-2), 52-59. [More Information]
  • Murphy, G., Middleton, J., Quirk, R., De Wolf, A., Cameron, I. (2009). Prediction of employment status one year post-discharge from rehabilitation following traumatic spinal cord injury: An exploratory analysis of participation and environmental variables. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 41(13), 1074-1079. [More Information]
  • Nicholson Perry, K., Nicholas, M., Middleton, J., Siddall, P. (2009). Psychological characteristics of people with spinal cord injury-related persisting pain referred to a tertiary pain management center. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 46(1), 57-68. [More Information]
  • Nicholson Perry, K., Nicholas, M., Middleton, J. (2009). Spinal cord injury-related pain in rehabilitation: A cross-sectional study of relationships with cognitions, mood and physical function. European Journal of Pain, 13, 511-517. [More Information]
  • Boswell-Ruys, C., Sturnieks, D., Harvey, L., Sherrington, C., Middleton, J., Lord, S. (2009). Validity and reliability of assessment tools for measuring unsupported sitting in people with a spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(9), 1571-1577. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., McCormick, M., Engel, S., Rutkowski, S., Cameron, I., Harradine, P., Johnson, J., Andrews, D. (2008). Issues and challenges for development of a sustainable service model for people with spinal cord injury living in rural regions. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89(10), 1941-1947. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Leong, G., Mann, L. (2008). Management of spinal cord injury in general practice - Part 2. Australian Family Physician, 37(5), 331-338. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Leong, G., Mann, L. (2008). Management of spinal cord injury in general practice – Part 1. Australian Family Physician, 37(4), 229-233. [More Information]
  • Craig, A., Tran, Y., Middleton, J. (2008). Psychological morbidity and spinal cord injury: a systematic review. Spinal Cord, doi:10.1038/sc.2008.115, 1-7. [More Information]
  • Boord, P., Siddall, P., Tran, T., Herbert, D., Middleton, J., Craig, A. (2007). Electroencephalographic slowing and reduced reactivity in neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, Published online 15 May 2007, 1-6. [More Information]
  • Mann, L., Middleton, J., Leong, G. (2007). Fitting disability into practice--focus on spinal cord injury. Australian Family Physician, 36(12), 1039-1042. [More Information]
  • Gustin, S., Wrigley, P., Gandevia, S., Middleton, J., Henderson, L., Siddall, P. (2007). Movement imagery increases pain in people with neuropathic pain following complete thoracic spinal cord injury. Pain, 137(2), 237-244. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Tran, Y., Craig, A. (2007). Relationship between quality of life and self-efficacy in persons with spinal cord injuries. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 88(12), 1643-1648. [More Information]
  • Nightingale, E., Raymond, J., Middleton, J., Crosbie, W., Davis, G. (2007). Review: Benefits of FES gait in a Spinal Cord Injured Population. Spinal Cord, 45(10), 646-657. [More Information]
  • Wrigley, P., Gustin, S., Nash, P., Macefield, V., Gandevia, S., Middleton, J., Siddall, P., Henderson, L. (2007). Structural changes associated with pain in spinal cord injured patients. European Journal of Pain, 11(1, Supplement 1), 97-98.
  • Siddall, P., Middleton, J. (2006). A proposed algorithm for the management of pain following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 44(2), 67-77. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Harvey, L., Cameron, I., Winstanley, J., Quirk, R., Batty, J. (2006). Five additional mobility and locomotor items to improve responsiveness of the FIM in wheelchair-dependent individuals with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 44(8), 495-504.
  • Jasiewicz, J., Allum, J., Middleton, J., Barriskill, A., Condie, P., Purcell, B., Li, R. (2006). Gait event detection using linear accelerometers or angular velocity transducers in able-bodied and spinal-cord injured individuals. Gait and Posture, 24(4), 502-509. [More Information]
  • Lee, B., Haran, M., Hunt, L., Simpson, J., Marial, O., Rutkowski, S., Middleton, J., Kotsiou, G., Tudehope, M., Cameron, I. (2006). Spinal-injured neuropathic bladder antisepsis (SINBA) trial. Spinal Cord, 45(8), 542-550. [More Information]
  • Li, R., Jasiewicz, J., Middleton, J., Condie, P., Barriskill, A., Hebnes, H., Purcell, B. (2006). The development, validity, and reliability of a manual muscle testing device with integrated limb position sensors. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87(3), 411-417. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Crameri, R., Nery, M., Clifton-Bligh, R. (2005). Bone mineral density and functional electrical stimulation in acute spinal cord injury. Bone, 36(Supp. 2), S382-S382.
  • Middleton, J., Harvey, L., Batty, J., Cameron, I., Quirk, L., Winstanley, J. (2005). Five additional mobility and locomotor items to improve responsiveness of the FIM in wheelchair-dependent individuals with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 44(8), 495-504. [More Information]
  • Simcox, S., Parker, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Middleton, J. (2005). Performance of orientation sensors for use with a functional electrical stimulation mobility system. Journal of Biomechanics, 38(5), 1185-1190. [More Information]
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Barriskill, A., Middleton, J., Bruinsma, I., Duncan, M., Smith, R. (2004). A Portable, 8-Channel Transcutaneous Stimulator For Paraplegic Muscle Training And Mobility-A Technical Note. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 41(1), 41-52.
  • Middleton, J., Keast, J. (2004). Artificial Autonomic Reflexes: Using Functional Electrical Stimulation To Mimic Bladder Reflexes After Injury Or Disease. Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical, 113(1-2), 3-15. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Kim, K., Taylor, L., Soden, R., Rutkowski, S. (2004). Patterns Of Morbidity And Rehospitalisation Following Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord, 42(6), 359-367.
  • Middleton, J., Abbott, K. (2003). Preventing sports injury trough risk management planning. Sports Medicine Association News, 11.
  • Middleton, J., Tate, R., Geraghty, T. (2003). Self-Efficacy and Spinal Cord injury : Psychometric Properties of a new scale. Rehabilitation Psychology, 48(4), 281-288.

Conferences

  • Hasnan, N., Davis, G., Fornusek, C., Middleton, J., Husain, R. (2012). Virtual Reality Hybrid Cycling versus Outdoor Hybrid Cycling in Individuals with SCI: A Pilot Study. 17th Annual Coverence of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Banff, Alberta, Canada: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Tran, Y., Thuraisingham, R., Craig, A., Tomlinson, E., Davis, G., Middleton, J., Nguyen, H. (2011). Changes in Blood Volume Pulse During Exercise Recovery in Activity-Based Therapy for Spinal Cord Injury. 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC 2011), Piscataway, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Tanhoffer, A., Crosbie, W., Davis, G., Middleton, J., Butler, J. (2009). A comparison of low and high frequency functional electrical stimulation during standing in spinal cord injury. 4th International State-of-the-Art Congress, The Netherlands: IOS Press.
  • Davis, G., lauffer, A., Crosbie, W., Raymond, J., Russold, M., Fornusek, C., Braz, G., Costa (nee Menezes), L., Middleton, J. (2008). Cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses during FES-leg cycling and hybrid FES-gait in SCI individuals. 13th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS 2008), Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Crosbie, W., Russold, M., Raymond, J., Middleton, J., Davis, G. (2008). FES-supported interval training following sensorimotor-complete spinal cord injury: a case series. 13th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS 2008), Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Wrigley, P., Press, S., Gustin, S., Gandevia, S., Middleton, J., Cousins, M., Henderson, L., Siddall, P. (2008). Neuropathic pain and primary somatosensory cortex reorganization following spinal cord injury. IASP 12th World Congress on Pain, United Kingdom: Elsevier.
  • Russold, M., Costa (nee Menezes), L., Nightingale, E., Middleton, J., Raymond, J., Crosbie, W., Davis, G. (2007). Blood Pressure Responses in Paraplegic Subjects During FES-Induced Walking: Preliminary Findings. 9th Vienna International Workshop on Functional Electrical Stimulation Basics, Technology, Application 2007, Austria: Center for Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna Medical School.
  • Middleton, J., Smith, R., Davis, G., Smith, B., Johnson, T. (2006). Biomechanical Performance of Orthosis-Only, Hybrid FES/Orthosis, and Implant-Assisted Gait in Paraplegia. 4th World Congress for NeuroRehabilitation WCNR 2006, United States: Sage Publications.
  • Nguyen, S., Nguyen, H., Taylor, P., Middleton, J. (2006). Improved head direction command classification using an optimised Bayesian neural network. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2006, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Braz, G., Nightingale, E., Deckers, D., Armstrong, N., Lee, M., Middleton, J., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2005). Closed-loop control of FES standing: How strategies to reduce knee-buckle be improved? 10th Annual Conference of the International FES Society IFESS 2005, Canada: International FES Society.
  • Middleton, J., Davis, G., Betz, R., Benda, B., Johnston, T., Mulcahey, M., Davis, R., Cousins, R., Barriskill, A., Smith, B. (2002). Clinical Trial of the Praxis Multi-Functional Implantable FES System for Paraplegia. 7th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Slovenia: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Smith, R., Middleton, J., Davis, G., Fisher, W. (2002). New Concepts and Measures of Stability for Orthosis-Assisted Gait. 7th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Slovenia: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Middleton, J., Parker, S., Fisher, W. (2001). External trunk and limb orientation sensors for human movement. 6th Annual Conference of the International functional electrical stimulation society, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.

Other

  • Siddall, P., Middleton, J. (2002), Managing Pain for adults with Spinal Cord Injury.

2014

  • Craig, A., Rodrigues, D., Tran, Y., Guest, R., Bartrop, R., Middleton, J. (2014). Developing an algorithm capable of discriminating depressed mood in people with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 52(5), 413-416. [More Information]

2013

  • Craig, A., Tran, Y., Middleton, J., Cameron, I. (2013). Chronic Fatigue in People with Neurological Injuries and its Influence on Wellbeing. In Alexandra M. Columbus (Eds.), Advances in Psychology Research, (pp. 65-82). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Craig, A., Tran, Y., Siddall, P., Wijesuriya, N., Lovas, J., Bartrop, R., Middleton, J. (2013). Developing a Model of Associations Between Chronic Pain, Depressive Mood, Chronic Fatigue, and Self-Efficacy in People With Spinal Cord Injury. The Journal of Pain, 14(9), 911-920. [More Information]
  • Hasnan, N., Ektas, N., Tanhoffer, A., Tanhoffer, R., Fornusek, C., Middleton, J., Husain, R., Davis, G. (2013). Exercise responses during functional electrical stimulation cycling in individuals with spinal cord injury. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45(6), 1131-1138. [More Information]
  • Walsh, J., Middleton, J. (2013). Inconsistencies in methodologies of calculating expectation of life. Spinal Cord, 51(12), 938-939. [More Information]
  • Rodrigues, D., Tran, Y., Wijesuriya, N., Guest, R., Middleton, J., Craig, A. (2013). Pain Intensity and Its Association with Negative Mood States in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury. Pain and Therapy, 2(2), 113-119. [More Information]
  • Schaafsma, F., Middleton, J., De Wolf, A., Tate, R., Cameron, I. (2013). The association of compensation and long term health status for people with severe traumatic injuries. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 45(5), 446-451. [More Information]

2012

  • Wijesuriya, N., Craig, A., Tran, Y., Middleton, J. (2012). Fatigue and anger in people with spinal cord injury. Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling, 18(1), 60-65. [More Information]
  • Craig, A., Tran, Y., Wijesuriya, N., Middleton, J. (2012). Fatigue and tiredness in people with spinal cord injury. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 73(3), 205-210. [More Information]
  • Wijesuriya, N., Tran, Y., Middleton, J., Craig, A. (2012). Impact of Fatigue on the Health-Related Quality of Life in Persons with Spinal Cord Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(2), 319-324. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Dayton, A., Walsh, J., Rutkowski, S., Leong, G., Duong, S. (2012). Life expectancy after spinal cord injury: a 50-year study. Spinal Cord, 50(11), 803-811. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Davies, S., Anand, S., Reinten-Reynolds, T., Marial, O., Middleton, J. (2012). The pre-hospital epidemiology and management of spinal cord injuries in New South Wales: 2004-2008. Injury, 43(4), 480-485. [More Information]
  • De Wolf, A., Tate, R., Lannin Marshman, N., Middleton, J., Lane-Brown, A., Cameron, I. (2012). The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, WHODAS II: Reliability and validity in the measurement of activity and participation in a spinal cord injury population. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 44(8), 747-755. [More Information]
  • Hasnan, N., Davis, G., Fornusek, C., Middleton, J., Husain, R. (2012). Virtual Reality Hybrid Cycling versus Outdoor Hybrid Cycling in Individuals with SCI: A Pilot Study. 17th Annual Coverence of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Banff, Alberta, Canada: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.

2011

  • Tran, Y., Thuraisingham, R., Craig, A., Tomlinson, E., Davis, G., Middleton, J., Nguyen, H. (2011). Changes in Blood Volume Pulse During Exercise Recovery in Activity-Based Therapy for Spinal Cord Injury. 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC 2011), Piscataway, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Perry, K., Nicholas, M., Middleton, J. (2011). Multidisciplinary cognitive behavioural pain management programmes for people with a spinal cord injury: design and implementation. Disability and Rehabilitation, 33(13-14), 1272-1280. [More Information]
  • Murphy, G., Middleton, J., Quirk, R., De Wolf, A., Cameron, I. (2011). Predicting Employment Status at 2 Years' Postdischarge From Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Psychology, 56(3), 251-256. [More Information]

2010

  • Tanhoffer, A., Crosbie, W., Davis, G., Middleton, J., Butler, J. (2010). A Comparison of Low and High Frequency Functional Electrical Stimulation During Standing in Spinal Cord Injury. Assistive Technology Research Series, 26, 335-337. [More Information]
  • Nicholson Perry, K., Nicholas, M., Middleton, J. (2010). Comparison of a pain management program with usual care in a pain management center for people with spinal cord injury-related chronic pain. Clinical Journal of Pain, 26(3), 206-216. [More Information]
  • Harvey, L., Fornusek, C., Bowden, J., Pontifex, N., Glinsky, J., Middleton, J., Gandevia, S., Davis, G. (2010). Electrical stimulation plus progressive resistance training for leg strength in spinal cord injury: A randomized controlled trial. Spinal Cord, 48(7), 570-575. [More Information]
  • De Wolf, A., Lane-Brown, A., Tate, R., Middleton, J., Cameron, I. (2010). Measuring community integration after spinal cord injury: validation of the Sydney psychosocial reintegration scale and community integration measure. Quality of Life Research, 19(8), 1185-1193. [More Information]
  • Stanwell, P., Siddall, P., Keshava, N., Cocuzzo, D., Ramadan, S., Lin, A., Herbert, D., Craig, A., Tran, Y., Middleton, J., Cousins, M., et al (2010). Neuro magnetic resonance spectroscopy using wavelet decomposition and statistical testing identifies biochemical changes in people with spinal cord injury and pain. Fertility and Sterility, 53(2), 544-552. [More Information]
  • Boswell-Ruys, C., Harvey, L., Barker, J., Ben, M., Middleton, J., Lord, S. (2010). Training unsupported sitting in people with chronic spinal cord injuries: a randomized controlled trial. Spinal Cord, 48(2), 138-143. [More Information]

2009

  • Tanhoffer, A., Crosbie, W., Davis, G., Middleton, J., Butler, J. (2009). A comparison of low and high frequency functional electrical stimulation during standing in spinal cord injury. 4th International State-of-the-Art Congress, The Netherlands: IOS Press.
  • Crosbie, W., Russold, M., Raymond, J., Middleton, J., Davis, G. (2009). Functional Electrical Stimulation-Supported Interval Training Following Sensorimotor-Complete Spinal Cord Injury: A Case Series. Neuromodulation, 12(3), 224-231. [More Information]
  • Wrigley, P., Press, S., Gustin, S., Macefield, V., Gandevia, S., Cousins, M., Middleton, J., Henderson, L., Siddall, P. (2009). Neuropathic pain and primary somatosensory cortex reorganization following spinal cord injury. Pain, 141(1-2), 52-59. [More Information]
  • Murphy, G., Middleton, J., Quirk, R., De Wolf, A., Cameron, I. (2009). Prediction of employment status one year post-discharge from rehabilitation following traumatic spinal cord injury: An exploratory analysis of participation and environmental variables. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 41(13), 1074-1079. [More Information]
  • Nicholson Perry, K., Nicholas, M., Middleton, J., Siddall, P. (2009). Psychological characteristics of people with spinal cord injury-related persisting pain referred to a tertiary pain management center. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 46(1), 57-68. [More Information]
  • Nicholson Perry, K., Nicholas, M., Middleton, J. (2009). Spinal cord injury-related pain in rehabilitation: A cross-sectional study of relationships with cognitions, mood and physical function. European Journal of Pain, 13, 511-517. [More Information]
  • Boswell-Ruys, C., Sturnieks, D., Harvey, L., Sherrington, C., Middleton, J., Lord, S. (2009). Validity and reliability of assessment tools for measuring unsupported sitting in people with a spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(9), 1571-1577. [More Information]

2008

  • Davis, G., lauffer, A., Crosbie, W., Raymond, J., Russold, M., Fornusek, C., Braz, G., Costa (nee Menezes), L., Middleton, J. (2008). Cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses during FES-leg cycling and hybrid FES-gait in SCI individuals. 13th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS 2008), Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Crosbie, W., Russold, M., Raymond, J., Middleton, J., Davis, G. (2008). FES-supported interval training following sensorimotor-complete spinal cord injury: a case series. 13th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS 2008), Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Middleton, J., McCormick, M., Engel, S., Rutkowski, S., Cameron, I., Harradine, P., Johnson, J., Andrews, D. (2008). Issues and challenges for development of a sustainable service model for people with spinal cord injury living in rural regions. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89(10), 1941-1947. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Leong, G., Mann, L. (2008). Management of spinal cord injury in general practice - Part 2. Australian Family Physician, 37(5), 331-338. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Leong, G., Mann, L. (2008). Management of spinal cord injury in general practice – Part 1. Australian Family Physician, 37(4), 229-233. [More Information]
  • Wrigley, P., Press, S., Gustin, S., Gandevia, S., Middleton, J., Cousins, M., Henderson, L., Siddall, P. (2008). Neuropathic pain and primary somatosensory cortex reorganization following spinal cord injury. IASP 12th World Congress on Pain, United Kingdom: Elsevier.
  • Craig, A., Tran, Y., Middleton, J. (2008). Psychological morbidity and spinal cord injury: a systematic review. Spinal Cord, doi:10.1038/sc.2008.115, 1-7. [More Information]

2007

  • Russold, M., Costa (nee Menezes), L., Nightingale, E., Middleton, J., Raymond, J., Crosbie, W., Davis, G. (2007). Blood Pressure Responses in Paraplegic Subjects During FES-Induced Walking: Preliminary Findings. 9th Vienna International Workshop on Functional Electrical Stimulation Basics, Technology, Application 2007, Austria: Center for Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna Medical School.
  • Boord, P., Siddall, P., Tran, T., Herbert, D., Middleton, J., Craig, A. (2007). Electroencephalographic slowing and reduced reactivity in neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, Published online 15 May 2007, 1-6. [More Information]
  • Mann, L., Middleton, J., Leong, G. (2007). Fitting disability into practice--focus on spinal cord injury. Australian Family Physician, 36(12), 1039-1042. [More Information]
  • Gustin, S., Wrigley, P., Gandevia, S., Middleton, J., Henderson, L., Siddall, P. (2007). Movement imagery increases pain in people with neuropathic pain following complete thoracic spinal cord injury. Pain, 137(2), 237-244. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Tran, Y., Craig, A. (2007). Relationship between quality of life and self-efficacy in persons with spinal cord injuries. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 88(12), 1643-1648. [More Information]
  • Nightingale, E., Raymond, J., Middleton, J., Crosbie, W., Davis, G. (2007). Review: Benefits of FES gait in a Spinal Cord Injured Population. Spinal Cord, 45(10), 646-657. [More Information]
  • Wrigley, P., Gustin, S., Nash, P., Macefield, V., Gandevia, S., Middleton, J., Siddall, P., Henderson, L. (2007). Structural changes associated with pain in spinal cord injured patients. European Journal of Pain, 11(1, Supplement 1), 97-98.

2006

  • Siddall, P., Middleton, J. (2006). A proposed algorithm for the management of pain following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 44(2), 67-77. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Smith, R., Davis, G., Smith, B., Johnson, T. (2006). Biomechanical Performance of Orthosis-Only, Hybrid FES/Orthosis, and Implant-Assisted Gait in Paraplegia. 4th World Congress for NeuroRehabilitation WCNR 2006, United States: Sage Publications.
  • Middleton, J., Harvey, L., Cameron, I., Winstanley, J., Quirk, R., Batty, J. (2006). Five additional mobility and locomotor items to improve responsiveness of the FIM in wheelchair-dependent individuals with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 44(8), 495-504.
  • Jasiewicz, J., Allum, J., Middleton, J., Barriskill, A., Condie, P., Purcell, B., Li, R. (2006). Gait event detection using linear accelerometers or angular velocity transducers in able-bodied and spinal-cord injured individuals. Gait and Posture, 24(4), 502-509. [More Information]
  • Nguyen, S., Nguyen, H., Taylor, P., Middleton, J. (2006). Improved head direction command classification using an optimised Bayesian neural network. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2006, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Lee, B., Haran, M., Hunt, L., Simpson, J., Marial, O., Rutkowski, S., Middleton, J., Kotsiou, G., Tudehope, M., Cameron, I. (2006). Spinal-injured neuropathic bladder antisepsis (SINBA) trial. Spinal Cord, 45(8), 542-550. [More Information]
  • Li, R., Jasiewicz, J., Middleton, J., Condie, P., Barriskill, A., Hebnes, H., Purcell, B. (2006). The development, validity, and reliability of a manual muscle testing device with integrated limb position sensors. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87(3), 411-417. [More Information]

2005

  • Middleton, J., Crameri, R., Nery, M., Clifton-Bligh, R. (2005). Bone mineral density and functional electrical stimulation in acute spinal cord injury. Bone, 36(Supp. 2), S382-S382.
  • Braz, G., Nightingale, E., Deckers, D., Armstrong, N., Lee, M., Middleton, J., Smith, R., Davis, G. (2005). Closed-loop control of FES standing: How strategies to reduce knee-buckle be improved? 10th Annual Conference of the International FES Society IFESS 2005, Canada: International FES Society.
  • Middleton, J., Harvey, L., Batty, J., Cameron, I., Quirk, L., Winstanley, J. (2005). Five additional mobility and locomotor items to improve responsiveness of the FIM in wheelchair-dependent individuals with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 44(8), 495-504. [More Information]
  • Simcox, S., Parker, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Middleton, J. (2005). Performance of orientation sensors for use with a functional electrical stimulation mobility system. Journal of Biomechanics, 38(5), 1185-1190. [More Information]

2004

  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Barriskill, A., Middleton, J., Bruinsma, I., Duncan, M., Smith, R. (2004). A Portable, 8-Channel Transcutaneous Stimulator For Paraplegic Muscle Training And Mobility-A Technical Note. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 41(1), 41-52.
  • Middleton, J., Keast, J. (2004). Artificial Autonomic Reflexes: Using Functional Electrical Stimulation To Mimic Bladder Reflexes After Injury Or Disease. Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical, 113(1-2), 3-15. [More Information]
  • Middleton, J., Kim, K., Taylor, L., Soden, R., Rutkowski, S. (2004). Patterns Of Morbidity And Rehospitalisation Following Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord, 42(6), 359-367.

2003

  • Middleton, J., Abbott, K. (2003). Preventing sports injury trough risk management planning. Sports Medicine Association News, 11.
  • Middleton, J., Cameron, I., Wilson, S., King, C. (2003). Rehabilitation of trauma. In Sherry, Templeton, Trieu (Eds.), Trauma, (pp. 678-707). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Middleton, J., Tate, R., Geraghty, T. (2003). Self-Efficacy and Spinal Cord injury : Psychometric Properties of a new scale. Rehabilitation Psychology, 48(4), 281-288.

2002

  • Middleton, J., Davis, G., Betz, R., Benda, B., Johnston, T., Mulcahey, M., Davis, R., Cousins, R., Barriskill, A., Smith, B. (2002). Clinical Trial of the Praxis Multi-Functional Implantable FES System for Paraplegia. 7th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Slovenia: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.
  • Siddall, P., Middleton, J. (2002), Managing Pain for adults with Spinal Cord Injury.
  • Smith, R., Middleton, J., Davis, G., Fisher, W. (2002). New Concepts and Measures of Stability for Orthosis-Assisted Gait. 7th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society, Slovenia: International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society.

2001

  • Simcox, S., Davis, G., Smith, R., Middleton, J., Parker, S., Fisher, W. (2001). External trunk and limb orientation sensors for human movement. 6th Annual Conference of the International functional electrical stimulation society, : UNSW Australian Defence Force Academy.

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