Dr John Burne

Honorary Associate
Biomedical Sciences, School of Medical Sciences

Telephone +61 2 9351 9316
Fax +61 2 9351 9520

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Research interests

We are studying the adaptive role of muscle reflexes in normal movements and movement disorders. In particular we are looking at the contribution of the abnormal reflex response to the rigidity and tremor of Parkinson's disease, spasticity following stroke and rheumatoid arthritis. Muscle reflexes strongly influence the biomechanics of the limb and thus performance in different tasks. Parallel measures of limb biomechanics (joint stiffness, force and velocity relationships) and reflex activity (extracted from surface EMG) provide insights into the reflex response and also clinically relevant measures of disability and drug response in patients.

Selected grants

2007

  • Objective measures of speech and swallowing function and their response to therapy in Parkinsons disease; Burne J; Parkinson's New South Wales Incorporated/Research Grants.

2006

  • The potential for therapeutic manipulation of spinal inhibitory mechanisms in Huntingtons disease; Burne J; Brain Foundation of Australia/Support Grants.

2001

  • The contribution of stretch reflex abnormalities to motor disability in stroke; Burne J; University of Sydney/Internal Research Grant Allocations.

Selected publications

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Journals

  • Tawadros, P., Cordato, D., Cathers, I., Burne, J. (2012). An Electromyographic Study of Parkinsonian Swallowing and Its Response to Levodopa. Movement Disorders, 27(14), 1811-1815. [More Information]
  • Rogasch, N., Burne, J., Türker, K. (2012). Comparison of the Inhibitory Response to Tendon and Cutaneous Afferent Stimulation in the Human Lower Limb. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107(2), 564-572. [More Information]
  • Rogasch, N., Burne, J., Binboga, E., Türker, K. (2011). Synaptic potentials contributing to reflex inhibition in gastrocnemius following tendon electrical stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 122(6), 1190-1196. [More Information]
  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2010). Inhibitory mechanisms following electrical stimulation of tendon and cutaneous afferents in the lower limb. Brain Research, 1308, 47-57. [More Information]
  • Rajagopalan, A., Burne, J. (2010). Stretch reflexes and joint dynamics in rheumatoid arthritis. Experimental Brain Research, 201(1), 37-45. [More Information]
  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2009). Afferents contributing to autogenic inhibition of gastrocnemius following electrical stimulation of its tendon. Brain Research, 1282 (-), 28-37. [More Information]
  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2007). Reflex inhibition of normal cramp following electrical stimulation of the muscle tendon. Journal of Neurophysiology, 98(3), 1102-1107. [More Information]
  • Woolacott, A., Burne, J. (2006). The tonic stretch reflex and spastic hypertonia after spinal cord injury. Experimental Brain Research, 174(2), 386-396. [More Information]
  • Burne, J., Carleton, V., O'Dwyer, N. (2005). The spasticity paradox: movement disorder or disorder of resting limbs? Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76(1), 47-54. [More Information]
  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2004). Continuous Wavelet Transform In The Evaluation Of Stretch Reflex Responses From Surface Emg. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 133(1-2), 115-125. [More Information]
  • Burne, J., Blanche, T., Morris, J. (2004). Muscle Loading As A Method To Isolate The Underlying Tremor Components In Essential Tremor And Parkinson'S Disease. Muscle and Nerve, 30(3), 347-355. [More Information]
  • Burne, J., Blanche, T., Morris, J. (2002). Loss of reflex inhibition following muscle tendon stimulation in essential tremor. Muscle and Nerve, 25(1), 58-64. [More Information]
  • Burne, J., Hayes, M., Fung, V., Yiannikas, C., Boljevac, D. (2002). The contribution of tremor studies to diagnosis of Parkinsonian and essential tremor: a statistical evaluation. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 9(3), 237-242.
  • Fung, V., Burne, J., Morris, J. (2000). Objective Quantification of Resting and Activated Parkinsonian Rigidity: A Comparison of Angular Impulse and Work Scores. Movement Disorders, 15(1), 48-55.

Conferences

  • Arjunan, S., Kumar, D., Kalra, C., Burne, J., Bastos, T. (2011). Effect of age and gender on the surface electromyogram during various levels of isometric contraction. 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2011), Piscataway, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Rajagopalan, A., Burne, J. (2006). Distinguishing between reflexes from cutaneous and tendon afferents using single pulses and pulse trains. 25th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Kent Town, SA: Australian Neuroscience Society.
  • Rajagopalan, A., Stanislaus, V., Burne, J. (2006). Gain of tonic stretch reflexes during changing contraction levels. Annual Meeting of the Society For Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2006). Inhibition of grastrocnemius following electrical stimulation of its tendon: effect of electrode position and joint angle. 25th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Kent Town, SA: Australian Neuroscience Society.
  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2006). Reflex inhibition following tendon electrical stimulation during induced muscle cramp. 25th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Kent Town, SA: Australian Neuroscience Society.
  • Stanislaus, V., Burne, J., Cathers, I. (2006). The tonic stretch reflex (TSR) from first dorsal interrosseous (FDI) using broadband perturbations and a range of background contraction levels. Annual Meeting of the Society For Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Rajagopalan, A., Burne, J., Cathers, I. (2005). A comparison of the reflex responses to electrical stimulation of cutaneous and tendon afferents. Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Stanislaus, V., Burne, J. (2005). A novel method to study the contribution of stretch reflexes during dynamic voluntary tasks. 25th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Kent Town, SA: Australian Neuroscience Society.
  • Burne, J., Khan, M. (2005). The effect of muscle length and electrode position on reflex inhibition following tendon electrical stimulation. Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Khan, M., Burne, J., Turman, A. (2005). The effect of tendon reflex inhibition on common cramp. Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Brown, S., Burne, J. (2005). The stretch reflex in common muscle cramp. Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2002). Identification of reflexive and non-reflexive components of limb stiffness. Australian Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting, Australia: British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2001). Identification of reflexive and non-reflexive components of limb stiffness. World Congress on Neuroinformatics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2001). Muscle history and the tonic stretch reflex. IUPS Satellite "Movement and Sensation", : World Scientific Publishing.
  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2001). The influence of joint angle on tonic stretch reflex tuning. IUPS Satellite "Movement and Sensation", : World Scientific Publishing.
  • Woolacott, A., Burne, J. (2001). Tonic stretch reflex activity and mechanical stiffness of the ankle joint following spinal cord injury. Annual Meeting of Australian Neuroscience Society, : World Scientific Publishing.

2012

  • Tawadros, P., Cordato, D., Cathers, I., Burne, J. (2012). An Electromyographic Study of Parkinsonian Swallowing and Its Response to Levodopa. Movement Disorders, 27(14), 1811-1815. [More Information]
  • Rogasch, N., Burne, J., Türker, K. (2012). Comparison of the Inhibitory Response to Tendon and Cutaneous Afferent Stimulation in the Human Lower Limb. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107(2), 564-572. [More Information]

2011

  • Arjunan, S., Kumar, D., Kalra, C., Burne, J., Bastos, T. (2011). Effect of age and gender on the surface electromyogram during various levels of isometric contraction. 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2011), Piscataway, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Rogasch, N., Burne, J., Binboga, E., Türker, K. (2011). Synaptic potentials contributing to reflex inhibition in gastrocnemius following tendon electrical stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 122(6), 1190-1196. [More Information]

2010

  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2010). Inhibitory mechanisms following electrical stimulation of tendon and cutaneous afferents in the lower limb. Brain Research, 1308, 47-57. [More Information]
  • Rajagopalan, A., Burne, J. (2010). Stretch reflexes and joint dynamics in rheumatoid arthritis. Experimental Brain Research, 201(1), 37-45. [More Information]

2009

  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2009). Afferents contributing to autogenic inhibition of gastrocnemius following electrical stimulation of its tendon. Brain Research, 1282 (-), 28-37. [More Information]

2007

  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2007). Reflex inhibition of normal cramp following electrical stimulation of the muscle tendon. Journal of Neurophysiology, 98(3), 1102-1107. [More Information]

2006

  • Rajagopalan, A., Burne, J. (2006). Distinguishing between reflexes from cutaneous and tendon afferents using single pulses and pulse trains. 25th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Kent Town, SA: Australian Neuroscience Society.
  • Rajagopalan, A., Stanislaus, V., Burne, J. (2006). Gain of tonic stretch reflexes during changing contraction levels. Annual Meeting of the Society For Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2006). Inhibition of grastrocnemius following electrical stimulation of its tendon: effect of electrode position and joint angle. 25th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Kent Town, SA: Australian Neuroscience Society.
  • Khan, M., Burne, J. (2006). Reflex inhibition following tendon electrical stimulation during induced muscle cramp. 25th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Kent Town, SA: Australian Neuroscience Society.
  • Stanislaus, V., Burne, J., Cathers, I. (2006). The tonic stretch reflex (TSR) from first dorsal interrosseous (FDI) using broadband perturbations and a range of background contraction levels. Annual Meeting of the Society For Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Woolacott, A., Burne, J. (2006). The tonic stretch reflex and spastic hypertonia after spinal cord injury. Experimental Brain Research, 174(2), 386-396. [More Information]

2005

  • Rajagopalan, A., Burne, J., Cathers, I. (2005). A comparison of the reflex responses to electrical stimulation of cutaneous and tendon afferents. Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Stanislaus, V., Burne, J. (2005). A novel method to study the contribution of stretch reflexes during dynamic voluntary tasks. 25th Annual Meeting of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Kent Town, SA: Australian Neuroscience Society.
  • Burne, J., Khan, M. (2005). The effect of muscle length and electrode position on reflex inhibition following tendon electrical stimulation. Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Khan, M., Burne, J., Turman, A. (2005). The effect of tendon reflex inhibition on common cramp. Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
  • Burne, J., Carleton, V., O'Dwyer, N. (2005). The spasticity paradox: movement disorder or disorder of resting limbs? Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76(1), 47-54. [More Information]
  • Brown, S., Burne, J. (2005). The stretch reflex in common muscle cramp. Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.

2004

  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2004). Continuous Wavelet Transform In The Evaluation Of Stretch Reflex Responses From Surface Emg. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 133(1-2), 115-125. [More Information]
  • Burne, J., Blanche, T., Morris, J. (2004). Muscle Loading As A Method To Isolate The Underlying Tremor Components In Essential Tremor And Parkinson'S Disease. Muscle and Nerve, 30(3), 347-355. [More Information]

2002

  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2002). Identification of reflexive and non-reflexive components of limb stiffness. Australian Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting, Australia: British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • Burne, J., Blanche, T., Morris, J. (2002). Loss of reflex inhibition following muscle tendon stimulation in essential tremor. Muscle and Nerve, 25(1), 58-64. [More Information]
  • Burne, J., Hayes, M., Fung, V., Yiannikas, C., Boljevac, D. (2002). The contribution of tremor studies to diagnosis of Parkinsonian and essential tremor: a statistical evaluation. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 9(3), 237-242.

2001

  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2001). Identification of reflexive and non-reflexive components of limb stiffness. World Congress on Neuroinformatics, : Ads & Adea.
  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2001). Muscle history and the tonic stretch reflex. IUPS Satellite "Movement and Sensation", : World Scientific Publishing.
  • Leao, R., Burne, J. (2001). The influence of joint angle on tonic stretch reflex tuning. IUPS Satellite "Movement and Sensation", : World Scientific Publishing.
  • Woolacott, A., Burne, J. (2001). Tonic stretch reflex activity and mechanical stiffness of the ankle joint following spinal cord injury. Annual Meeting of Australian Neuroscience Society, : World Scientific Publishing.

2000

  • Fung, V., Burne, J., Morris, J. (2000). Objective Quantification of Resting and Activated Parkinsonian Rigidity: A Comparison of Angular Impulse and Work Scores. Movement Disorders, 15(1), 48-55.

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