Associate Professor Leslie Nicholson

Associate Professor
Biomedical Sciences, School of Medical Sciences

Telephone +61 2 9351 9369
Fax +61 2 9351 9520

Map

Selected grants

2013

  • 1000 Norms Project: A deeper understanding of human variation; Burns J, Refshauge K, Raymond J, Nicholson L, Vanicek N, Ferreira P, Hiller C, Nightingale E, Simic M, Huebscher M, Mousavi S, Rose K, Pourkazemi F, Sman A, Fong Yan A, Wegener C; Australian Podiatry Education & Research Foundation/Research Grant.
  • Portable Gait Analysis System (PeGASys); Burns J, Refshauge K, Halaki M, Vanicek N, Smith R, Raymond J, Crosbie W, Nicholson L; DVC Research/Equipment Grant.
  • Clinical Characteristics of Children with Generalised Joint Hypermobility; Nicholson L, Pacey V, Tofts L, Munns C; Arthritis Australia/Project Grants.

2011

  • Creating Scientific Practitioners in Health; Nicholson L; University of Sydney/Strategic Teaching Enhancement Project Grant.
  • Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for ankle syndesmosis injury; Burns J, Hiller C, Nicholson L, Refshauge K, Sman A; Australian Podiatry Education & Research Foundation/Research Grant.

2009

  • Predictors of Groin Strain injury in Players across Four Football Codes.; Nicholson L; New South Wales Sports injuries Committee /Research Grant.
  • Predictors of groin strain injury in players across four football codes; Shirley D, Nicholson L; New South Wales Sporting Injuries Committee/Research and Injury Prevention Scheme.

2007

  • Which exercise for chronic low back pain; Latimer J, Maher C, Hodges P, Moseley L, Nicholson L; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2006

  • Kinematic changes in the shoulder complex and spine as a consequence of a masectomy; Nicholson L, White K, Crosbie W, Refshauge K, Page L, Kilbreath S; National Breast Cancer Foundation/Research Foundation.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Journals

  • Hafiz, E., Hiller, C., Nicholson, L., Nightingale, E., Clarke, J., Grimaldi, A., Eisenhuth, J., Refshauge, K. (2014). Development of a method for measuring femoral torsion using real-time ultrasound. Physiological Measurement, 35(7), 1335-1348. [More Information]
  • Sman, A., Hiller, C., Rae, K., Linklater, J., Black, D., Nicholson, L., Burns, J., Refshauge, K. (2014). Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for ankle syndesmosis injury. British Journal of Sports Medicine, published onlilne first - 19 Nov 13. [More Information]
  • Pacey, V., Adams, R., Tofts, L., Munns, C., Nicholson, L. (2014). Joint hypermobility syndrome subclassification in paediatrics: A factor analytic approach. Archives of Disease in Childhood, Article in Press(DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2013-305304). [More Information]
  • Sman, A., Hiller, C., Rae, K., Linklater, J., Morellato, J., Trist, N., Nicholson, L., Black, D., Refshauge, K. (2014). Predictive factors for ankle syndesmosis injury in football players: A prospective study. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Article in Press. [More Information]
  • Prosser, R., Hancock, M., Nicholson, L., Merry, C., Thorley, F., Wheen, D. (2014). Rigid versus semi-rigid orthotic use following TMC arthroplasty: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Hand Therapy, in press. [More Information]
  • Pacey, V., Tofts, L., Adams, R., Munns, C., Nicholson, L. (2013). Exercise in children with joint hypermobility syndrome and knee pain: a randomised controlled trial comparing exercise into hypermobile versus neutral knee extension. Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal, 11(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Sman, A., Hiller, C., Nicholson, L., Rae, K., Refshauge, K. (2013). Star excursion balance test as a predictor of ankle injury in football players. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 43(3), A16-A16.
  • Prosser, R., Hancock, M., Nicholson, L., Harvey, L., LaStayo, P., Hargreaves, I., Scougall, P., Herbert, R. (2012). Prognosis and prognostic factors for patients with persistent wrist pain who proceed to wrist arthroscopy. Journal of Hand Therapy, 25(3), 264-270. [More Information]
  • Sman, A., Hiller, C., Nicholson, L., Rae, K., Refshauge, K. (2012). Syndesmosis ankle injury in football players: a pilot study. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 5(Supp1), 1-1. [More Information]
  • Raymond, J., Nicholson, L., Hiller, C., Refshauge, K. (2012). The effect of ankle taping or bracing on proprioception in functional ankle instability: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15, 386-392. [More Information]
  • Purnell, M., Shirley, D., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2010). Acrobatic gymnastics injury: Occurrence, site and training risk factors. Physical Therapy in Sport, 11(2), 40-46. [More Information]
  • Crosbie, W., Kilbreath, S., Dylke, E., Refshauge, K., Nicholson, L., Beith, J., Spillane, A., White, K. (2010). Effects of Mastectomy on Shoulder and Spinal Kinematics During Bilateral Upper-Limb Movement. Physical Therapy, 90(5), 679-692. [More Information]
  • Pacey, V., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Munn, J., Munns, C. (2010). Generalized Joint Hypermobility and Risk of Lower Limb Joint Injury During Sport: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(7), 1487-1497. [More Information]
  • Whiteley, R., Adams, R., Ginn, K., Nicholson, L. (2010). Playing level achieved, throwing history, and humeral torsion in Masters baseball players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(11), 1223-1232. [More Information]
  • Whiteley, R., Adams, R., Nicholson, L., Ginn, K. (2010). Reduced humeral torsion predicts throwing-related injury in adolescent baseballers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(4), 392-396. [More Information]
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K. (2009). Do elite athletes exhibit enhanced proprioceptive acuity, range and strength of knee rotation compared with non-athletes? Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine and Science In Sports, 19(1), 103-112. [More Information]
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K., Adams, R., Roe, J. (2009). Effect of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury and Reconstruction on Proprioceptive Acuity of Knee Rotation in the Transverse Plane. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(8), 1618-1626. [More Information]
  • Whiteley, R., Ginn, K., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2009). Sports participation and humeral torsion. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 39(4), 256-263. [More Information]
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K. (2008). Proprioceptive acuity in active rotation movements in healthy knees. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89(2), 371-376. [More Information]
  • Whiteley, R., Adams, R., Nicholson, L., Ginn, K. (2008). Shoulder proprioception is associated with humeral torsion in adolescent baseball players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 9(4), 177-184. [More Information]
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K., Eisenhuth, J. (2007). Design of a knee rotatory kinaesthetic device. Medical Engineering and Physics, 29(9), 1035-1042. [More Information]
  • Cain, L., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Burns, J. (2007). Foot morphology and foot/ankle injury in indoor football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 10(5), 311-319. [More Information]
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K., Herbert, R., Maher, C. (2007). Prognosis of conservatively managed anterior cruciate ligament injury: A systematic review. Sports Medicine: reviews of applied medicine and science in sport and exercise, 37(8), 703-716.
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Maher, C., Halaki, M., Bae, S. (2006). Development and Psychometric Testing of Korean Language Versions of 4 Neck Pain and Disability Questionnaires. Spine, 31(16), 1841-1845.
  • Whiteley, R., Ginn, K., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2006). Indirect ultrasound measurement of humeral torsion in adolescent baseball players and non-athletic adults: Reliability and significance. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9(4), 310-318. [More Information]
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Bae, S. (2005). Body chart pain location and side-specific physical impairment in subclinical neck pain. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 28(7), 479-486. [More Information]
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2005). Neck muscle endurance, self-report, and range of motion data from subjects with treated and untreated neck pain. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 28(1), 25-32. [More Information]
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Bae, S. (2005). Proprioception and Rotation Range Sensitization Associated With Subclinical Neck Pain. Spine, 30(3), E60-E67.
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2004). Cervical Range Of Motion Associations With Subclinical Neck Pain. Spine, 29(1), 33-40.
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2004). Sensitivity To Differences In The Extent Of Neck-Retraction And Rotation Movements Made With And Without Vision. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98(3), 1081-1089.
  • Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Maher, C. (2003). Manual discrimination capability when only viscosity is varied in viscoelastic stiffness stimuli. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 26(6), 365-373. [More Information]
  • Nicholson, L., Maher, C., Adams, R., Phan-Thien, N. (2001). Stiffness properties of the human lumbar spine: A lumped parameter model. Clinical Biomechanics, 16, 285-292.

Conferences

  • Pacey, V., Tofts, L., Adams, R., Nicholson, L., Munns, C. (2012). Exercise programmes for children with joint hypermobility syndrome and knee pain: a randomised controlled trial. Australian Rheumatology Association in conjunction with Rheumatology Health Professionals 53rd Annual Scientific Meeting Conference, Australia: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • Pacey, V., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Munn, J., Munns, C. (2012). Generalised joint hypermobility and risk of lower limb joint injury during sport: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Australian Rheumatology Association in conjunction with Rheumatology Health Professionals 53rd Annual Scientific Meeting Conference, Australia: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • Nicholson, L., Turner, A., Colagiuri, P., Shirley, D., Adams, R. (2011). Predictors of Groin and Lower Limb Injury across 4 codes of football. Australian Physiotherapy Association National Conference-APA 2011.
  • Nicholson, L., Turner, A., Colagiuri, P., Shirley, D., Adams, R. (2011). Predictors of groin and lower limb injury across 4 codes of football. APA Physiotherapy Conference 2011, NA.
  • Pacey, V., Tofts, L., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2011). Quality of life of children with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome. APA Physiotherapy Conference 2011, NA.
  • Nicholson, L. (2010). Complex Clinical Reasoning. NSW Public Hospital Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Network Conference 2010.
  • Nicholson, L. (2010). Knees-Facts and Fallacies. 2010 Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport.
  • Raymond, J., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K. (2006). The effect of ankle bracing on proprioception in ankle sprainers.
  • Whiteley, R., Ginn, K., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2006). Ultrasound-assisted measurement of humeral torsion has reliability >0.9. University of Sydney Health Faculties 5th Research Conference, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K. (2004). Proprioception in anterior cruciate ligament deficient knees. Fourth Research Conference 2004 "From Cell to Society 4", Sydney: Faculties of Health, University of Sydney.
  • Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K., Adams, R. (2003). Does performance in academic subjects predict clinical performance? Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia 13th Biennial Meeting.
  • Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Maher, C. (2002). How well do humans discriminate visco-elastic stiffness stimuli? VIIth International Physiotherapy Congress, Sydney: Australian Physiotherapy Association.
  • Nicholson, L., Maher, C., Adams, R., Phan-Thien, N. (2002). Modelling the stiffness properties of the human lumbar spine. VIIth International Physiotherapy Congress, Sydney: Australian Physiotherapy Association.
  • Nicholson, L., Maher, C., Adams, R., Phan-Thien, N. (2002). Stiffness properties of the human lumbar spine: a mathematical model. From Cell to Society 3, Sydney: The College of Health Sciences.
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2002). Sub-clinical neck pain associations with physical dimensions of the cervicothoracic spine. From Cell to Society 3, Sydney: The College of Health Sciences.

2014

  • Hafiz, E., Hiller, C., Nicholson, L., Nightingale, E., Clarke, J., Grimaldi, A., Eisenhuth, J., Refshauge, K. (2014). Development of a method for measuring femoral torsion using real-time ultrasound. Physiological Measurement, 35(7), 1335-1348. [More Information]
  • Sman, A., Hiller, C., Rae, K., Linklater, J., Black, D., Nicholson, L., Burns, J., Refshauge, K. (2014). Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for ankle syndesmosis injury. British Journal of Sports Medicine, published onlilne first - 19 Nov 13. [More Information]
  • Pacey, V., Adams, R., Tofts, L., Munns, C., Nicholson, L. (2014). Joint hypermobility syndrome subclassification in paediatrics: A factor analytic approach. Archives of Disease in Childhood, Article in Press(DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2013-305304). [More Information]
  • Sman, A., Hiller, C., Rae, K., Linklater, J., Morellato, J., Trist, N., Nicholson, L., Black, D., Refshauge, K. (2014). Predictive factors for ankle syndesmosis injury in football players: A prospective study. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Article in Press. [More Information]
  • Prosser, R., Hancock, M., Nicholson, L., Merry, C., Thorley, F., Wheen, D. (2014). Rigid versus semi-rigid orthotic use following TMC arthroplasty: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Hand Therapy, in press. [More Information]

2013

  • Pacey, V., Tofts, L., Adams, R., Munns, C., Nicholson, L. (2013). Exercise in children with joint hypermobility syndrome and knee pain: a randomised controlled trial comparing exercise into hypermobile versus neutral knee extension. Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal, 11(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Sman, A., Hiller, C., Nicholson, L., Rae, K., Refshauge, K. (2013). Star excursion balance test as a predictor of ankle injury in football players. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 43(3), A16-A16.

2012

  • Pacey, V., Tofts, L., Adams, R., Nicholson, L., Munns, C. (2012). Exercise programmes for children with joint hypermobility syndrome and knee pain: a randomised controlled trial. Australian Rheumatology Association in conjunction with Rheumatology Health Professionals 53rd Annual Scientific Meeting Conference, Australia: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • Pacey, V., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Munn, J., Munns, C. (2012). Generalised joint hypermobility and risk of lower limb joint injury during sport: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Australian Rheumatology Association in conjunction with Rheumatology Health Professionals 53rd Annual Scientific Meeting Conference, Australia: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • Prosser, R., Hancock, M., Nicholson, L., Harvey, L., LaStayo, P., Hargreaves, I., Scougall, P., Herbert, R. (2012). Prognosis and prognostic factors for patients with persistent wrist pain who proceed to wrist arthroscopy. Journal of Hand Therapy, 25(3), 264-270. [More Information]
  • Sman, A., Hiller, C., Nicholson, L., Rae, K., Refshauge, K. (2012). Syndesmosis ankle injury in football players: a pilot study. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 5(Supp1), 1-1. [More Information]
  • Raymond, J., Nicholson, L., Hiller, C., Refshauge, K. (2012). The effect of ankle taping or bracing on proprioception in functional ankle instability: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15, 386-392. [More Information]

2011

  • Nicholson, L., Turner, A., Colagiuri, P., Shirley, D., Adams, R. (2011). Predictors of Groin and Lower Limb Injury across 4 codes of football. Australian Physiotherapy Association National Conference-APA 2011.
  • Nicholson, L., Turner, A., Colagiuri, P., Shirley, D., Adams, R. (2011). Predictors of groin and lower limb injury across 4 codes of football. APA Physiotherapy Conference 2011, NA.
  • Pacey, V., Tofts, L., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2011). Quality of life of children with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome. APA Physiotherapy Conference 2011, NA.

2010

  • Purnell, M., Shirley, D., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2010). Acrobatic gymnastics injury: Occurrence, site and training risk factors. Physical Therapy in Sport, 11(2), 40-46. [More Information]
  • Nicholson, L. (2010). Complex Clinical Reasoning. NSW Public Hospital Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Network Conference 2010.
  • Crosbie, W., Kilbreath, S., Dylke, E., Refshauge, K., Nicholson, L., Beith, J., Spillane, A., White, K. (2010). Effects of Mastectomy on Shoulder and Spinal Kinematics During Bilateral Upper-Limb Movement. Physical Therapy, 90(5), 679-692. [More Information]
  • Pacey, V., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Munn, J., Munns, C. (2010). Generalized Joint Hypermobility and Risk of Lower Limb Joint Injury During Sport: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(7), 1487-1497. [More Information]
  • Nicholson, L. (2010). Knees-Facts and Fallacies. 2010 Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport.
  • Whiteley, R., Adams, R., Ginn, K., Nicholson, L. (2010). Playing level achieved, throwing history, and humeral torsion in Masters baseball players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(11), 1223-1232. [More Information]
  • Whiteley, R., Adams, R., Nicholson, L., Ginn, K. (2010). Reduced humeral torsion predicts throwing-related injury in adolescent baseballers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(4), 392-396. [More Information]

2009

  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K. (2009). Do elite athletes exhibit enhanced proprioceptive acuity, range and strength of knee rotation compared with non-athletes? Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine and Science In Sports, 19(1), 103-112. [More Information]
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K., Adams, R., Roe, J. (2009). Effect of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury and Reconstruction on Proprioceptive Acuity of Knee Rotation in the Transverse Plane. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(8), 1618-1626. [More Information]
  • Whiteley, R., Ginn, K., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2009). Sports participation and humeral torsion. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 39(4), 256-263. [More Information]

2008

  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K. (2008). Proprioceptive acuity in active rotation movements in healthy knees. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89(2), 371-376. [More Information]
  • Whiteley, R., Adams, R., Nicholson, L., Ginn, K. (2008). Shoulder proprioception is associated with humeral torsion in adolescent baseball players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 9(4), 177-184. [More Information]

2007

  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K., Eisenhuth, J. (2007). Design of a knee rotatory kinaesthetic device. Medical Engineering and Physics, 29(9), 1035-1042. [More Information]
  • Cain, L., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Burns, J. (2007). Foot morphology and foot/ankle injury in indoor football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 10(5), 311-319. [More Information]
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K., Herbert, R., Maher, C. (2007). Prognosis of conservatively managed anterior cruciate ligament injury: A systematic review. Sports Medicine: reviews of applied medicine and science in sport and exercise, 37(8), 703-716.

2006

  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Maher, C., Halaki, M., Bae, S. (2006). Development and Psychometric Testing of Korean Language Versions of 4 Neck Pain and Disability Questionnaires. Spine, 31(16), 1841-1845.
  • Whiteley, R., Ginn, K., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2006). Indirect ultrasound measurement of humeral torsion in adolescent baseball players and non-athletic adults: Reliability and significance. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9(4), 310-318. [More Information]
  • Raymond, J., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K. (2006). The effect of ankle bracing on proprioception in ankle sprainers.
  • Whiteley, R., Ginn, K., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2006). Ultrasound-assisted measurement of humeral torsion has reliability >0.9. University of Sydney Health Faculties 5th Research Conference, Sydney: University of Sydney.

2005

  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Bae, S. (2005). Body chart pain location and side-specific physical impairment in subclinical neck pain. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 28(7), 479-486. [More Information]
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2005). Neck muscle endurance, self-report, and range of motion data from subjects with treated and untreated neck pain. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 28(1), 25-32. [More Information]
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Bae, S. (2005). Proprioception and Rotation Range Sensitization Associated With Subclinical Neck Pain. Spine, 30(3), E60-E67.

2004

  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2004). Cervical Range Of Motion Associations With Subclinical Neck Pain. Spine, 29(1), 33-40.
  • Muaidi, Q., Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K. (2004). Proprioception in anterior cruciate ligament deficient knees. Fourth Research Conference 2004 "From Cell to Society 4", Sydney: Faculties of Health, University of Sydney.
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2004). Sensitivity To Differences In The Extent Of Neck-Retraction And Rotation Movements Made With And Without Vision. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98(3), 1081-1089.

2003

  • Nicholson, L., Refshauge, K., Adams, R. (2003). Does performance in academic subjects predict clinical performance? Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Australia 13th Biennial Meeting.
  • Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Maher, C. (2003). Manual discrimination capability when only viscosity is varied in viscoelastic stiffness stimuli. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 26(6), 365-373. [More Information]

2002

  • Nicholson, L., Adams, R., Maher, C. (2002). How well do humans discriminate visco-elastic stiffness stimuli? VIIth International Physiotherapy Congress, Sydney: Australian Physiotherapy Association.
  • Nicholson, L., Maher, C., Adams, R., Phan-Thien, N. (2002). Modelling the stiffness properties of the human lumbar spine. VIIth International Physiotherapy Congress, Sydney: Australian Physiotherapy Association.
  • Nicholson, L., Maher, C., Adams, R., Phan-Thien, N. (2002). Stiffness properties of the human lumbar spine: a mathematical model. From Cell to Society 3, Sydney: The College of Health Sciences.
  • Lee, H., Nicholson, L., Adams, R. (2002). Sub-clinical neck pain associations with physical dimensions of the cervicothoracic spine. From Cell to Society 3, Sydney: The College of Health Sciences.

2001

  • Nicholson, L., Maher, C., Adams, R., Phan-Thien, N. (2001). Stiffness properties of the human lumbar spine: A lumped parameter model. Clinical Biomechanics, 16, 285-292.

To update your profile click here. For support on your academic profile contact .