Associate Professor Patrina Caldwell

Associate Professor
Paediatrics & Child Health, Children's Hospital, Westmead

Member of China Studies Centre

Telephone 9845 1462
Fax 98453389 (University) or 98451491 (Clinical)

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Biographical details


Patrina Caldwell is an academic paediatrician who works as an Associate Professor for the Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health at the University of Sydney and a Senior Staff Specialist at the Sydney Children’s Hospitals Network. She founded and heads the multidisciplinary urinary continence service at the Children’s Hospital at Westmead, which provides care for children with daytime wetting and bedwetting across NSW.

Patrina completed a PhD in children’s participation in randomised controlled trial. She is on the steering committee of Star Child Health, an international group involved in developing standards/guidance for conducting paediatric trials. She has partnered with the Agency for Clinical Innovations (ACI) to develop a Framework for Paediatric Continence through integrated care across tertiary, primary and community settings. She has also partnered with Wentwest (Western Sydney Primary Health Network) to develop a Healthpathway to support GPs in managing children with urinary incontinence She leads the Medical Education Research group in the Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Sydney, and is an editor for the Journal of Paediatric and Child Health. She has been awarded over $1,000,000 in grants and funding and a US patent (PCT International Application No. PCT/AU2009/001257) for an enuresis alarm which she and her team invented.

Research interests

Her areas of research interest include children’s bladder conditions (including childhood bedwetting and daytime urinary incontinence), online searching for health information for consumers and health professionals, using technology and virtual agents to help patients with treatments, eHealth and evidence-based medicine (ensuring that medical care is based on the best research evidence available).

Teaching and supervision

She supervises PhD, masters and honours students as well as paediatric advanced trainees in many areas of research including paediatric continence, systematic reviews, evidence based medicine, general paediatrics, eHealth and medical education research.

Current projects

eADVICE - an eHealth tool using a virtual online agent to help manage urinary incontinence in children while they are awaiting a specialist appointment

TENS study – using transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for treating children with overactive bladder

Adolescent urinary incontinence – exploring the health needs of adolecents with urinary incontinence

Potty Monkey – toilet training for children with special needs

A smart phone app for improving treatment adherence in young people with chronic health conditions

How young people and parents search for and appraise online health information

Teaching evidence based medicine to resource limited settings including to practitioners of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Enuresis and sleep problems in children

Associations

ANZAHPE

RACP

ICCS

CFA

CMDFA

Selected grants

2016

  • Pilot study of using a “Potty Monkey�? for toilet training in children with special needs; Caldwell P, Teixeira-Pinto A, Walker K; Continence Foundation of Australia/Research Grant.

2013

  • Applications for ethics approvals of pharmaceutical trails among paediatric hospitals in Australia; Joseph D, Caldwell P; Royal Childrens Hospital Melbourne/Research Collaboration.
  • eADVICE (electronic Advice and Diagnosis Via the Internet following Computerised Evaluation): Interactive e-Health tools for shared health management between patients, general practitioners and specialists.; Caldwell P, Lau A, Sureshkumar P, Craig J; The Financial Markets Foundation for Children/Research Support.

2011

  • Randomised controlled trial of timed voiding using an alarm watch vs standard watch for the treatment of daytime urinary incontinence in children; Caldwell P, Craig J, Sureshkumar P; The Financial Markets Foundation for Children/Research Support.

2009

  • A randomised controlled trial of a code game alarm compared with a standard alarm for treating nocturnal enuresis; Caldwell P; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2016). Gamification to Improve Adherence to Clinical Treatment Advice: Improving Adherence to Clinical Treatment. In Daniel Novak, Bengisu Tulu and Havar Brendryen (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Holistic Perspectives in Gamification for Clinical Practice, (pp. 47-77). Hershey: Medical Information Science Reference. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Waters, K. (2013). Nocturnal Enuresis. In Amy R. Wolfson, Hawley E. Montgomery-Downs (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Sleep and Behavior, (pp. 370-378). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. [More Information]
  • McGrath, K., Caldwell, P. (2012). Diagnostic Approach to Constipation in Children. In Anthony G. Catto-Smith (Eds.), Constipation - Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment, (pp. 1-18). Rijeka, Croatia: InTech Publishers. [More Information]
  • Williams, G., Sureshkumar, P., Caldwell, P., Craig, J. (2009). Urinary Tract Infection, Vesicoureteric Reflux, and Urinary Incontinence. In D. Molony and J. Craig (Eds.), Evidence-based Nephrology, (pp. 746-762). West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. [More Information]
  • Trevena, L., Davey, H., Barratt, A., Butow, P., Caldwell, P. (2004). Communicating evidence to patients. In Virginia A. Moyer, Elizabeth J. Elliott..[et al.] (Eds.), Evidence-based pediatrics and child health, (pp. 129-138). London: BMJ Books.

Journals

  • Caldwell, P., Scott, K., Kerr, M., O'Mara, D. (2018). A workshop to promote interprofessional care. The Clinical Teacher, 15(5), 419-424. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Lim, M., Nankivell, G. (2018). An interprofessional approach to managing children with treatment-resistant enuresis: an educational review. Pediatric Nephrology, 33(10), 1663-1670. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Lai, L., Li, X., Fei, Y., Cao, H., Sun, J., Liang, N., Liu, J., Scott, K. (2018). Development and delivery of an evidence-based medicine programme for Traditional Chinese Medicine students using an international collaborative approach: An action research project. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 20, 98-105. [More Information]
  • Freeman, J., Caldwell, P., Bennett, P., Scott, K. (2018). How Adolescents Search for and Appraise Online Health Information: A Systematic Review. The Journal of Pediatrics, 195, 244-255.e1. [More Information]
  • Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2018). Improving Health Outcomes Sooner Rather Than Later via an Interactive Website and Virtual Specialist. IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, 22(5), 1699-1706. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Jarrett, C. (2018). In Their Own Words: Engaging Young People in a Youth Research Advisory Group. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 54(1), 107-108. [More Information]
  • De, S., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Sewell, J., Caldwell, P. (2018). Prevalence, patient and consultation characteristics of enuresis in Australian paediatric practice. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 54(6), 620-624. [More Information]
  • Odgers, H., Tong, A., Lopez-Vargas, P., Davidson, A., Jaffe, A., McKenzie, A., Pinkerton, R., Wake, M., Richmond, P., Crowe, S., Caldwell, P., Craig, J., et al (2018). Research priority setting in childhood chronic disease: a systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 103(10), 942-951. [More Information]
  • Gates, A., Hartling, L., Vandermeer, B., Caldwell, P., Contopoulos-Ioannidis, D., Curtis, S., Fernandes, R., Klassen, T., Williams, K., Dyson, M. (2018). The Conduct and Reporting of Child Health Research: An Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Published in 2012 and Evaluation of Change over 5 Years. The Journal of Pediatrics, 193, 237-244. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P. (2018). Tips for managing treatment-resistant enuresis. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 54(10), 1060-1064. [More Information]
  • Wu, R., Feng, S., Han, M., Caldwell, P., Liu, S., Zhang, J., Liu, J. (2018). Yinzhihuang oral liquid combined with phototherapy for neonatal jaundice: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 18(1), 1-15. [More Information]
  • Joseph, P., Caldwell, P., Barnes, E., Craig, J. (2017). Disease burden-research match? Registered trials in child health from low- and middle-income and high-income countries. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 53, 667-674. [More Information]
  • Paget, S., Caldwell, P., Murphy, J., Lilischkis, K., Morrow, A. (2017). Moving beyond 'not enough time': factors influencing paediatric clinicians' participation in research. Internal Medicine Journal, 47(3), 299-306. [More Information]
  • Cao, H., Wu, R., Han, M., Caldwell, P., Lui, J. (2017). Oral administration of Chinese herbal medicine during gestation period for preventing hemolytic disease of the newborn due to ABO incompatibility: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. PloS One, 12(7), 1-23. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P., Kerr, M., Hamilton, S., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Macaskill, P., Craig, J. (2016). A randomised controlled trial of a code-word enuresis alarm. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(4), 326-331. [More Information]
  • Joseph, P., Craig, J., Tong, A., Caldwell, P. (2016). Researchers', regulators', and sponsors' views on pediatric clinical trials: A multinational study. Pediatrics, 138(4), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Caldwell, P., Schuwirth, L. (2016). Response to Ten steps to health professional education research. The Clinical Teacher, 13(2), 167-167. [More Information]
  • Joseph, D., Caldwell, P., Tong, A., Hanson, C., Craig, J. (2016). Stakeholder Views of Clinical Trials in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics, 137(2), 1-19. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P., Wong, W. (2016). Tricyclic and related drugs for nocturnal enuresis in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2016 (1), 1-170. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Lewis, M., Caldwell, P. (2016). Writing well in medicine and other disciplines. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 52(2), 580-580. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Caldwell, P., Barnes, E., Barrett, J. (2015). "Teaching by humiliation" and mistreatment of medical students in clinical rotations: A pilot study. Medical Journal of Australia, 203(4), 185e.1-185e.6. [More Information]
  • Richards, D., Chan, N., Caldwell, P. (2015). A review of the use of information communication technology to aid decision-making for live kidney donors and recipients. Health and Technology, 5(3-4), 167-178. [More Information]
  • Jansen-van der Weide, M., Caldwell, P., Young, B., De Vries, M., Willems, D., Van’t Hoff, W., Woolfall, K., van der Lee, J., Offringa, M. (2015). Clinical trial decisions in difficult circumstances: Parental consent under time pressure. Pediatrics, 136(4), e983-e992. [More Information]
  • Joseph, D., Craig, J., Caldwell, P. (2015). Clinical trials in children. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 79(3), 357-369. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Caldwell, P., Oldmeadow, W., Dale, R., Jones, C. (2015). Development of postgraduate research supervisors within a teaching hospital setting. Internal Medicine Journal, 45(8), 869-872. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Gome, G., Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2015). How trustworthy are apps for maternal and child health? Health and Technology, 4(4), 329-336. [More Information]
  • Richards, D., Caldwell, P., Go, H. (2015). Impact of social media on the health of children and young people. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 51(12), 1152-1157. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Caldwell, P., Schuwirth, L. (2015). Ten steps to conducting health professional education research. The Clinical Teacher, 12(4), 272-276. [More Information]
  • Paget, S., Lilischkis, K., Morrow, A., Caldwell, P. (2014). Embedding research in clinical practice: Differences in attitudes to research participation among clinicians in a tertiary teaching hospital. Internal Medicine Journal, 44(1), 86-89. [More Information]
  • Nankivell, G., Caldwell, P. (2014). Paediatric urinary incontinence. Australian Prescriber, 37(6), 192-194. [More Information]
  • Sabesan, S., Allen, D., Caldwell, P., Loh, P., Mozer, R., Komesaroff, P., Talman, P., Williams, M., Shaheen, N., Grabinski, O. (2014). Practical aspects of telehealth: doctor-patient relationship and communication. Internal Medicine Journal, 44(1), 101-103. [More Information]
  • Sabesan, S., Allen, D., Caldwell, P., Loh, P., Mozer, R., Komesaroff, P., Talman, P., Williams, M., Shaheen, N., Grabinski, O. (2014). Practical aspects of telehealth: Establishing telehealth in an institution. Internal Medicine Journal, 44(2), 202-205. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Deshpande, A., Von Gontard, A. (2013). Management of nocturnal enuresis. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 347, 1-6. [More Information]
  • Sabesan, S., Allen, D., Loh, P., Caldwell, P., Mozer, R., Komesaroff, P., Talman, P., Williams, M., Shaheen, N. (2013). Practical aspects of telehealth: are my patients suited to telehealth? Internal Medicine Journal, 43(5), 581-584. [More Information]
  • Loh, P., Sabesan, S., Allen, D., Caldwell, P., Mozer, R., Komesaroff, P., Talman, P., Williams, M., Shaheen, N., Grabinski, O., et al (2013). Practical aspects of telehealth: financial considerations. Internal Medicine Journal, 43(7), 829-834. [More Information]
  • Allen, D., Caldwell, P., Komesaroff, P., Loh, P., Mozer, R., Sabesan, S., Shaheen, N., Talman, P., Williams, M., Grabinski, O. (2013). Practical aspects of telehealth: set-up and preparation for video consultations. Internal Medicine Journal, 43(10), 1133-1136. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Nankivell, G., Sureshkumar, P. (2013). Simple behavioural interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2013 (7), 1-65. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Allen, D., Komesaroff, P., Mozer, R., Sabesan, S., Loh, P., Shaheen, N., Talman, P., Williams, M. (2013). Telehealth for paediatrics. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 49(8), 692-693. [More Information]
  • Deshpande, A., Craig, J., Caldwell, P., Smith, G. (2012). Ambulatory urodynamic studies (UDS) in children using a Bluetooth-enabled device. BJU International, 110(Suppl 4), 38-45. [More Information]
  • Deshpande, A., Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P. (2012). Drugs for nocturnal enuresis in children (other than desmopressin and tricyclics) (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 12, 1-109. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Bennett, T., Mellis, C. (2012). Easy guide to searching for evidence for the busy clinician. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48(12), 1095-1100. [More Information]
  • Deshpande, A., Craig, J., Smith, G., Caldwell, P. (2012). Management of daytime urinary incontinence and lower urinary tract symptoms in children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48(2), E44-E52. [More Information]
  • Deshpande, A., Caldwell, P. (2012). Medical Management of Nocturnal Enuresis. Pediatric Drugs, 14(2), 71-77. [More Information]
  • Sureshkumar, P., Caldwell, P., Lowe, A., Simpson, J., Williams, G., Craig, J. (2012). Parental consent to participation in a randomised trial in children: Associated child, family, and physician factors. Clinical Trials, 9(5), 645-651. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Dans, L., De Vries, M., Newman, J., Sammons, H., Spriggs, M., Tambe, P., Van't Hoff, W., Woolfall, K., Young, B., et al (2012). Standard 1: Consent and recruitment. Pediatrics, 129(SUPPL. 3), S118-S123. [More Information]
  • Hartling, L., Wittmeier, K., Caldwell, P., van der Lee, H., Klassen, T., Craig, J., Offringa, M. (2012). StaR Child Health: developing evidence-based guidance for the design, conduct, and reporting of pediatric trials. Pediatrics, 129(S3), 112-117. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Oldmeadow, W., Jones, C. (2012). Supervisory needs of research doctoral students in a university teaching hospital setting. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48(10), 907-912. [More Information]
  • Deshpande, A., Craig, J., Smith, G., Caldwell, P. (2011). Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Children With Urinary Incontinence. The Journal of Urology, 186(3), 1048-1052. [More Information]
  • Hartling, L., Wittmeier, K., Caldwell, P., van der Lee, J., Klassen, T., Craig, J., Offringa, M. (2011). StaR Child Health: developing evidence-based guidance for the design, conduct, and reporting of pediatric trials. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 90(5), 727-731. [More Information]
  • Spriggs, M., Caldwell, P. (2011). The ethics of paediatric research. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 47(9), 664-667. [More Information]
  • Peadon, E., Caldwell, P., Oldmeadow, W. (2010). 'I enjoy teaching but .': Paediatricians' attitudes to teaching medical students and junior doctors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(11), 647-652. [More Information]
  • Sureshkumar, P., Caldwell, P., Craig, J. (2010). Diagnosing daytime bladder symptoms in children with nocturnal enuresis: A comparison of brief parental questionnaire with in-depth, physician-elicited, assessment. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(11), 636-641. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Isaacs, D. (2010). Journal club. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(6), 285. [More Information]
  • Rao, S., Caldwell, P. (2010). Should children with Down's syndrome who have asymptomatic atlantoaxial instability avoid horse riding? Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(12), 774-776. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Hamilton, S., Tan, A., Craig, J. (2010). Strategies for Increasing Recruitment to Randomised Controlled Trials: Systematic Review. PLoS Medicine, 7(11), e1000368 - 1-e1000368 - 16. [More Information]
  • Nankivell, G., Caldwell, P., Follett, J. (2010). Urinary Incontinence in Adolescent Females with Cystic Fibrosis. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 11(2), 95-99. [More Information]
  • Craig, J., Simpson, J., Williams, G., Lowe, A., Reynolds, G., McTaggart, S., Hodson, E., Carapetis, J., Cranswick, N., Smith, G., Irwig, L., Caldwell, P., Roy, L., et al (2009). Antibiotic prophylaxis and recurrent urinary tract infection in children. New England Journal of Medicine, 361(18), 1748-1759. [More Information]
  • Gim, C., Lillystone, D., Caldwell, P. (2009). Efficacy of the bell and pad alarm therapy for nocturnal enuresis. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 45(7-8), 405-408. [More Information]
  • Sureshkumar, P., Jones, M., Caldwell, P., Craig, J. (2009). Risk factors for nocturnal enuresis in school-age children. The Journal of Urology, 182(6), 2893-2899. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Edgar, D., Jones, M., Hodson, E., Craig, J. (2009). Treatment of enuresis: effectiveness of alarm monotherapy versus combination treatment in a multidisciplinary clinic. Australian and New Zealand Continence Journal, 13, 61-67.
  • McGrath, K., Caldwell, P., Jones, M. (2008). The frequency of constipation in children with nocturnal enuresis: a comparison with parental reporting. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 44(1), 19-27. [More Information]
  • Trevena, L., Davey, H., Barratt, A., Butow, P., Caldwell, P. (2006). A systematic review on communicating with patients about evidence. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 12(1), 13-23. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Craig, J., Butow, P. (2005). Barriers to Australian physicians' and paediatricians' involvement in randomised controlled trials. Medical Journal of Australia, 182(2), 59-65. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Edgar, D., Hodson, E., Craig, J., et al (2005). Bedwetting and toileting problems in children (Authors' Reply). Medical Journal of Australia, 182(11), 596.
  • Caldwell, P., Edgar, D., Hodson, E., Craig, J. (2005). Bedwetting and toileting problems in children. Medical Journal of Australia, 182(4), 190-195. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Craig, J., Butow, P. (2004). Participation in randomized trials in developing countries: Reply. The Journal of Pediatrics, 144(1), 140.
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2003). Parents' attitudes to children's participation in randomized controlled trials. The Journal of Pediatrics, 142, 554-559. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2003). Parents’ attitudes to children’s participation in randomized controlled trials. The Journal of Pediatrics, 142(5), 554-559. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2002). Pediatricians' attitudes toward randomized controlled trials involving children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 141(6), 798-803. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2002). Pediatricians' attitudes toward randomized controlled trials involving children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 141(6), 798-803. [More Information]

Conferences

  • Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2018). An empathie virtual medical specialist: It's not what you say but how you say it. 23rd International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia (VSMM 2017), Dublin: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). [More Information]
  • Baker, S., Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2014). Relational agents to promote ehealth advice adherence. PRICAI 2014: The 13th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Cham, Switzerland: Springer. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P., Kerr, M., Hamilton, S., Craig, J. (2013). Urinary incontinence in adolescents. Moving Beyond Pediatric Incontinence: The Challenges of Transitional Care, Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto.
  • Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P., Kerr, M., Hamilton, S., Craig, J. (2012). The NEAT (Nocturnal Enuresis Alarm Therapy) Study: a randomized controlled trial of a novel alarm that enhances waking. International Children's Continence Society conference. International Children's Continence Society.
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2002). Paediatricians' attitudes to randomised controlled trials involving children. International Clinical Trials Symposium.
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2002). Parent's attitudes to randomised controlled trials involving children. Pediatric Research Seminar, Not published: Not Published.
  • Caldwell, P., Craig, J., Butow, P. (2002). Recruitment of children in randomized controlled trials. From Cell to Society 3. From Cell to Society 3, Research Conference 2002.
  • Caldwell, P., Craig, J., Hamilton, S., Butow, P. (2002). Recruitment strategies for recruitment to RCTs: a systematic review of controlled trials and observational studies. International Clinical Trials Symposium.
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2001). Attitudes of paediatricians to children's participation in randomised controlled trials. Australasian Epidemiological Association's 10th Annual Conference.

Patents

  • Caldwell, P., Dickinson, M., McCauley, J., Wickham, G. (2014). Enuresis Alarm With Coding Device. Patent No. 2009295339.

2018

  • Caldwell, P., Scott, K., Kerr, M., O'Mara, D. (2018). A workshop to promote interprofessional care. The Clinical Teacher, 15(5), 419-424. [More Information]
  • Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2018). An empathie virtual medical specialist: It's not what you say but how you say it. 23rd International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia (VSMM 2017), Dublin: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Lim, M., Nankivell, G. (2018). An interprofessional approach to managing children with treatment-resistant enuresis: an educational review. Pediatric Nephrology, 33(10), 1663-1670. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Lai, L., Li, X., Fei, Y., Cao, H., Sun, J., Liang, N., Liu, J., Scott, K. (2018). Development and delivery of an evidence-based medicine programme for Traditional Chinese Medicine students using an international collaborative approach: An action research project. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 20, 98-105. [More Information]
  • Freeman, J., Caldwell, P., Bennett, P., Scott, K. (2018). How Adolescents Search for and Appraise Online Health Information: A Systematic Review. The Journal of Pediatrics, 195, 244-255.e1. [More Information]
  • Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2018). Improving Health Outcomes Sooner Rather Than Later via an Interactive Website and Virtual Specialist. IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, 22(5), 1699-1706. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Jarrett, C. (2018). In Their Own Words: Engaging Young People in a Youth Research Advisory Group. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 54(1), 107-108. [More Information]
  • De, S., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Sewell, J., Caldwell, P. (2018). Prevalence, patient and consultation characteristics of enuresis in Australian paediatric practice. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 54(6), 620-624. [More Information]
  • Odgers, H., Tong, A., Lopez-Vargas, P., Davidson, A., Jaffe, A., McKenzie, A., Pinkerton, R., Wake, M., Richmond, P., Crowe, S., Caldwell, P., Craig, J., et al (2018). Research priority setting in childhood chronic disease: a systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 103(10), 942-951. [More Information]
  • Gates, A., Hartling, L., Vandermeer, B., Caldwell, P., Contopoulos-Ioannidis, D., Curtis, S., Fernandes, R., Klassen, T., Williams, K., Dyson, M. (2018). The Conduct and Reporting of Child Health Research: An Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Published in 2012 and Evaluation of Change over 5 Years. The Journal of Pediatrics, 193, 237-244. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P. (2018). Tips for managing treatment-resistant enuresis. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 54(10), 1060-1064. [More Information]
  • Wu, R., Feng, S., Han, M., Caldwell, P., Liu, S., Zhang, J., Liu, J. (2018). Yinzhihuang oral liquid combined with phototherapy for neonatal jaundice: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 18(1), 1-15. [More Information]

2017

  • Joseph, P., Caldwell, P., Barnes, E., Craig, J. (2017). Disease burden-research match? Registered trials in child health from low- and middle-income and high-income countries. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 53, 667-674. [More Information]
  • Paget, S., Caldwell, P., Murphy, J., Lilischkis, K., Morrow, A. (2017). Moving beyond 'not enough time': factors influencing paediatric clinicians' participation in research. Internal Medicine Journal, 47(3), 299-306. [More Information]
  • Cao, H., Wu, R., Han, M., Caldwell, P., Lui, J. (2017). Oral administration of Chinese herbal medicine during gestation period for preventing hemolytic disease of the newborn due to ABO incompatibility: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. PloS One, 12(7), 1-23. [More Information]

2016

  • Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P., Kerr, M., Hamilton, S., Teixeira-Pinto, A., Macaskill, P., Craig, J. (2016). A randomised controlled trial of a code-word enuresis alarm. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(4), 326-331. [More Information]
  • Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2016). Gamification to Improve Adherence to Clinical Treatment Advice: Improving Adherence to Clinical Treatment. In Daniel Novak, Bengisu Tulu and Havar Brendryen (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Holistic Perspectives in Gamification for Clinical Practice, (pp. 47-77). Hershey: Medical Information Science Reference. [More Information]
  • Joseph, P., Craig, J., Tong, A., Caldwell, P. (2016). Researchers', regulators', and sponsors' views on pediatric clinical trials: A multinational study. Pediatrics, 138(4), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Caldwell, P., Schuwirth, L. (2016). Response to Ten steps to health professional education research. The Clinical Teacher, 13(2), 167-167. [More Information]
  • Joseph, D., Caldwell, P., Tong, A., Hanson, C., Craig, J. (2016). Stakeholder Views of Clinical Trials in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics, 137(2), 1-19. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P., Wong, W. (2016). Tricyclic and related drugs for nocturnal enuresis in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2016 (1), 1-170. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Lewis, M., Caldwell, P. (2016). Writing well in medicine and other disciplines. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 52(2), 580-580. [More Information]

2015

  • Scott, K., Caldwell, P., Barnes, E., Barrett, J. (2015). "Teaching by humiliation" and mistreatment of medical students in clinical rotations: A pilot study. Medical Journal of Australia, 203(4), 185e.1-185e.6. [More Information]
  • Richards, D., Chan, N., Caldwell, P. (2015). A review of the use of information communication technology to aid decision-making for live kidney donors and recipients. Health and Technology, 5(3-4), 167-178. [More Information]
  • Jansen-van der Weide, M., Caldwell, P., Young, B., De Vries, M., Willems, D., Van’t Hoff, W., Woolfall, K., van der Lee, J., Offringa, M. (2015). Clinical trial decisions in difficult circumstances: Parental consent under time pressure. Pediatrics, 136(4), e983-e992. [More Information]
  • Joseph, D., Craig, J., Caldwell, P. (2015). Clinical trials in children. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 79(3), 357-369. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Caldwell, P., Oldmeadow, W., Dale, R., Jones, C. (2015). Development of postgraduate research supervisors within a teaching hospital setting. Internal Medicine Journal, 45(8), 869-872. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Gome, G., Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2015). How trustworthy are apps for maternal and child health? Health and Technology, 4(4), 329-336. [More Information]
  • Richards, D., Caldwell, P., Go, H. (2015). Impact of social media on the health of children and young people. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 51(12), 1152-1157. [More Information]
  • Scott, K., Caldwell, P., Schuwirth, L. (2015). Ten steps to conducting health professional education research. The Clinical Teacher, 12(4), 272-276. [More Information]

2014

  • Caldwell, P., Dickinson, M., McCauley, J., Wickham, G. (2014). Enuresis Alarm With Coding Device. Patent No. 2009295339.
  • Paget, S., Lilischkis, K., Morrow, A., Caldwell, P. (2014). Embedding research in clinical practice: Differences in attitudes to research participation among clinicians in a tertiary teaching hospital. Internal Medicine Journal, 44(1), 86-89. [More Information]
  • Nankivell, G., Caldwell, P. (2014). Paediatric urinary incontinence. Australian Prescriber, 37(6), 192-194. [More Information]
  • Sabesan, S., Allen, D., Caldwell, P., Loh, P., Mozer, R., Komesaroff, P., Talman, P., Williams, M., Shaheen, N., Grabinski, O. (2014). Practical aspects of telehealth: doctor-patient relationship and communication. Internal Medicine Journal, 44(1), 101-103. [More Information]
  • Sabesan, S., Allen, D., Caldwell, P., Loh, P., Mozer, R., Komesaroff, P., Talman, P., Williams, M., Shaheen, N., Grabinski, O. (2014). Practical aspects of telehealth: Establishing telehealth in an institution. Internal Medicine Journal, 44(2), 202-205. [More Information]
  • Baker, S., Richards, D., Caldwell, P. (2014). Relational agents to promote ehealth advice adherence. PRICAI 2014: The 13th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Cham, Switzerland: Springer. [More Information]

2013

  • Caldwell, P., Deshpande, A., Von Gontard, A. (2013). Management of nocturnal enuresis. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 347, 1-6. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Waters, K. (2013). Nocturnal Enuresis. In Amy R. Wolfson, Hawley E. Montgomery-Downs (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Sleep and Behavior, (pp. 370-378). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. [More Information]
  • Sabesan, S., Allen, D., Loh, P., Caldwell, P., Mozer, R., Komesaroff, P., Talman, P., Williams, M., Shaheen, N. (2013). Practical aspects of telehealth: are my patients suited to telehealth? Internal Medicine Journal, 43(5), 581-584. [More Information]
  • Loh, P., Sabesan, S., Allen, D., Caldwell, P., Mozer, R., Komesaroff, P., Talman, P., Williams, M., Shaheen, N., Grabinski, O., et al (2013). Practical aspects of telehealth: financial considerations. Internal Medicine Journal, 43(7), 829-834. [More Information]
  • Allen, D., Caldwell, P., Komesaroff, P., Loh, P., Mozer, R., Sabesan, S., Shaheen, N., Talman, P., Williams, M., Grabinski, O. (2013). Practical aspects of telehealth: set-up and preparation for video consultations. Internal Medicine Journal, 43(10), 1133-1136. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Nankivell, G., Sureshkumar, P. (2013). Simple behavioural interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2013 (7), 1-65. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Allen, D., Komesaroff, P., Mozer, R., Sabesan, S., Loh, P., Shaheen, N., Talman, P., Williams, M. (2013). Telehealth for paediatrics. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 49(8), 692-693. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P., Kerr, M., Hamilton, S., Craig, J. (2013). Urinary incontinence in adolescents. Moving Beyond Pediatric Incontinence: The Challenges of Transitional Care, Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto.

2012

  • Deshpande, A., Craig, J., Caldwell, P., Smith, G. (2012). Ambulatory urodynamic studies (UDS) in children using a Bluetooth-enabled device. BJU International, 110(Suppl 4), 38-45. [More Information]
  • McGrath, K., Caldwell, P. (2012). Diagnostic Approach to Constipation in Children. In Anthony G. Catto-Smith (Eds.), Constipation - Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment, (pp. 1-18). Rijeka, Croatia: InTech Publishers. [More Information]
  • Deshpande, A., Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P. (2012). Drugs for nocturnal enuresis in children (other than desmopressin and tricyclics) (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 12, 1-109. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Bennett, T., Mellis, C. (2012). Easy guide to searching for evidence for the busy clinician. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48(12), 1095-1100. [More Information]
  • Deshpande, A., Craig, J., Smith, G., Caldwell, P. (2012). Management of daytime urinary incontinence and lower urinary tract symptoms in children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48(2), E44-E52. [More Information]
  • Deshpande, A., Caldwell, P. (2012). Medical Management of Nocturnal Enuresis. Pediatric Drugs, 14(2), 71-77. [More Information]
  • Sureshkumar, P., Caldwell, P., Lowe, A., Simpson, J., Williams, G., Craig, J. (2012). Parental consent to participation in a randomised trial in children: Associated child, family, and physician factors. Clinical Trials, 9(5), 645-651. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Dans, L., De Vries, M., Newman, J., Sammons, H., Spriggs, M., Tambe, P., Van't Hoff, W., Woolfall, K., Young, B., et al (2012). Standard 1: Consent and recruitment. Pediatrics, 129(SUPPL. 3), S118-S123. [More Information]
  • Hartling, L., Wittmeier, K., Caldwell, P., van der Lee, H., Klassen, T., Craig, J., Offringa, M. (2012). StaR Child Health: developing evidence-based guidance for the design, conduct, and reporting of pediatric trials. Pediatrics, 129(S3), 112-117. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Oldmeadow, W., Jones, C. (2012). Supervisory needs of research doctoral students in a university teaching hospital setting. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48(10), 907-912. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Sureshkumar, P., Kerr, M., Hamilton, S., Craig, J. (2012). The NEAT (Nocturnal Enuresis Alarm Therapy) Study: a randomized controlled trial of a novel alarm that enhances waking. International Children's Continence Society conference. International Children's Continence Society.

2011

  • Deshpande, A., Craig, J., Smith, G., Caldwell, P. (2011). Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Children With Urinary Incontinence. The Journal of Urology, 186(3), 1048-1052. [More Information]
  • Hartling, L., Wittmeier, K., Caldwell, P., van der Lee, J., Klassen, T., Craig, J., Offringa, M. (2011). StaR Child Health: developing evidence-based guidance for the design, conduct, and reporting of pediatric trials. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 90(5), 727-731. [More Information]
  • Spriggs, M., Caldwell, P. (2011). The ethics of paediatric research. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 47(9), 664-667. [More Information]

2010

  • Peadon, E., Caldwell, P., Oldmeadow, W. (2010). 'I enjoy teaching but .': Paediatricians' attitudes to teaching medical students and junior doctors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(11), 647-652. [More Information]
  • Sureshkumar, P., Caldwell, P., Craig, J. (2010). Diagnosing daytime bladder symptoms in children with nocturnal enuresis: A comparison of brief parental questionnaire with in-depth, physician-elicited, assessment. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(11), 636-641. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Isaacs, D. (2010). Journal club. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(6), 285. [More Information]
  • Rao, S., Caldwell, P. (2010). Should children with Down's syndrome who have asymptomatic atlantoaxial instability avoid horse riding? Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(12), 774-776. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Hamilton, S., Tan, A., Craig, J. (2010). Strategies for Increasing Recruitment to Randomised Controlled Trials: Systematic Review. PLoS Medicine, 7(11), e1000368 - 1-e1000368 - 16. [More Information]
  • Nankivell, G., Caldwell, P., Follett, J. (2010). Urinary Incontinence in Adolescent Females with Cystic Fibrosis. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 11(2), 95-99. [More Information]

2009

  • Craig, J., Simpson, J., Williams, G., Lowe, A., Reynolds, G., McTaggart, S., Hodson, E., Carapetis, J., Cranswick, N., Smith, G., Irwig, L., Caldwell, P., Roy, L., et al (2009). Antibiotic prophylaxis and recurrent urinary tract infection in children. New England Journal of Medicine, 361(18), 1748-1759. [More Information]
  • Gim, C., Lillystone, D., Caldwell, P. (2009). Efficacy of the bell and pad alarm therapy for nocturnal enuresis. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 45(7-8), 405-408. [More Information]
  • Sureshkumar, P., Jones, M., Caldwell, P., Craig, J. (2009). Risk factors for nocturnal enuresis in school-age children. The Journal of Urology, 182(6), 2893-2899. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Edgar, D., Jones, M., Hodson, E., Craig, J. (2009). Treatment of enuresis: effectiveness of alarm monotherapy versus combination treatment in a multidisciplinary clinic. Australian and New Zealand Continence Journal, 13, 61-67.
  • Williams, G., Sureshkumar, P., Caldwell, P., Craig, J. (2009). Urinary Tract Infection, Vesicoureteric Reflux, and Urinary Incontinence. In D. Molony and J. Craig (Eds.), Evidence-based Nephrology, (pp. 746-762). West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. [More Information]

2008

  • McGrath, K., Caldwell, P., Jones, M. (2008). The frequency of constipation in children with nocturnal enuresis: a comparison with parental reporting. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 44(1), 19-27. [More Information]

2006

  • Trevena, L., Davey, H., Barratt, A., Butow, P., Caldwell, P. (2006). A systematic review on communicating with patients about evidence. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 12(1), 13-23. [More Information]

2005

  • Caldwell, P., Craig, J., Butow, P. (2005). Barriers to Australian physicians' and paediatricians' involvement in randomised controlled trials. Medical Journal of Australia, 182(2), 59-65. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Edgar, D., Hodson, E., Craig, J., et al (2005). Bedwetting and toileting problems in children (Authors' Reply). Medical Journal of Australia, 182(11), 596.
  • Caldwell, P., Edgar, D., Hodson, E., Craig, J. (2005). Bedwetting and toileting problems in children. Medical Journal of Australia, 182(4), 190-195. [More Information]

2004

  • Trevena, L., Davey, H., Barratt, A., Butow, P., Caldwell, P. (2004). Communicating evidence to patients. In Virginia A. Moyer, Elizabeth J. Elliott..[et al.] (Eds.), Evidence-based pediatrics and child health, (pp. 129-138). London: BMJ Books.
  • Caldwell, P., Craig, J., Butow, P. (2004). Participation in randomized trials in developing countries: Reply. The Journal of Pediatrics, 144(1), 140.

2003

  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2003). Parents' attitudes to children's participation in randomized controlled trials. The Journal of Pediatrics, 142, 554-559. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2003). Parents’ attitudes to children’s participation in randomized controlled trials. The Journal of Pediatrics, 142(5), 554-559. [More Information]

2002

  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2002). Paediatricians' attitudes to randomised controlled trials involving children. International Clinical Trials Symposium.
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2002). Parent's attitudes to randomised controlled trials involving children. Pediatric Research Seminar, Not published: Not Published.
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2002). Pediatricians' attitudes toward randomized controlled trials involving children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 141(6), 798-803. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2002). Pediatricians' attitudes toward randomized controlled trials involving children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 141(6), 798-803. [More Information]
  • Caldwell, P., Craig, J., Butow, P. (2002). Recruitment of children in randomized controlled trials. From Cell to Society 3. From Cell to Society 3, Research Conference 2002.
  • Caldwell, P., Craig, J., Hamilton, S., Butow, P. (2002). Recruitment strategies for recruitment to RCTs: a systematic review of controlled trials and observational studies. International Clinical Trials Symposium.

2001

  • Caldwell, P., Butow, P., Craig, J. (2001). Attitudes of paediatricians to children's participation in randomised controlled trials. Australasian Epidemiological Association's 10th Annual Conference.

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