Associate Professor Paul Middleton

Clinical Associate Professor
Emergency Medicine, Central Clinical School

Telephone 9949 4101
Fax 97793890

Map

International links

Singapore

(Singapore Clinical Research Institute (http://www.scri.edu.sg/index.php/networks-paros)) Australian co-investigator / ex-Executive Committee Member, Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS)

Selected grants

2012

  • Right Care, Right Time, Right Place: Improving Outcomes for People with Spinal Cord Injury through Early Intervention and Improved Access to Specialised Care; Middleton J, Marshall R, Middleton P, Harrison J, Watt W, Brown D, Cameron P, McClure R, Lyons N, Bowen D; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Partnership Projects.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Middleton, P., Bendall, J., Habig, K. (2011). Scene assessment, management and rescue. In Kate Curtis, Clair Ramsden, Bill Lord (Eds.), Emergency and Trauma Care for Nurses and Paramedics, (pp. 141-166). Australia: Elsevier.

Journals

  • Thom, O., Keijzers, G., Davies, S., Taylor, D., Knott, J., Middleton, P. (2014). Clinical research priorities in emergency medicine: Results of a consensus meeting and development of a weighting method for assessment of clinical research priorities. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26(1), 28-33. [More Information]
  • Cheung, W., Middleton, P., Davies, S., Tummala, S., Thanakrishnan, G., Gullick, J. (2013). A comparison of survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Sydney, Australia, between 2004-2005 and 2009-2010. Critical Care and Resuscitation, 15(3), 241-246. [More Information]
  • Simpson, P., Bendall, J., Patterson, J., Tiedemann, A., Middleton, P., Close, J. (2013). Epidemiology of ambulance responses to older people who have fallen in New South Wales, Australia. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 32(3), 171-176. [More Information]
  • Lee, Q., Redmond, S., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Steel, E., Malouf, P., Critoph, C., Flynn, G., O'Lone, E., Lovell, N. (2013). Estimation of cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance using a multivariate regression model with features selected from the finger photoplethysmogram and routine cardiovascular measurements. BioMedical Engineering OnLine, 12, 1-15. [More Information]
  • Fouche, P., Middleton, P., Zverinova, K. (2013). Training and experience are more important than the type of practitioner for intubation success. Critical Care, 17(1), 1-2. [More Information]
  • Price, R., Bendall, J., Patterson, J., Middleton, P. (2013). What causes adverse events in prehospital care? A human-factors approach. Emergency Medicine Journal, 30(7), 583-588. [More Information]
  • Fitzharris, M., Stevenson, M., Middleton, P., Sinclair, G. (2012). Adherence with the pre-hospital triage protocol in the transport of injured patients in an urban setting. Injury, 43(9), 1368-1376. [More Information]
  • Cone, D., Middleton, P., Pour, S. (2012). Analysis and impact of delays in ambulance to emergency department handovers. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 24(5), 525-533. [More Information]
  • Simpson, P., Bendall, J., Patterson, J., Middleton, P. (2012). Beliefs and expectations of paramedics towards evidence-based practice and research. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare (online), 10(3), 197-203. [More Information]
  • Ebbs, P., Middleton, P., Bonner, A., Loudfoot, A., Elliott, P. (2012). Do clinical safety charts improve paramedic key performance indicator results? (A clinical improvement programme evaluation). Emergency Medicine Journal, 29(7), 596-597. [More Information]
  • Smith, J., Rickard, A., Gay, D., Middleton, P. (2012). Outcome of wrist injuries with clinical suspicion of scaphoid injury after normal computed tomography. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 19(3), 188-192. [More Information]
  • Simpson, P., McCabe, B., Bendall, J., Cone, D., Middleton, P. (2012). Paramedic-performed digital nerve block to facilitate field reduction of a dislocated finger. Prehospital Emergency Care, 16(3), 415-417. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P. (2012). Practical use of the Glasgow Coma Scale; a comprehensive narrative review of GCS methodology. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 15(3), 170-183. [More Information]
  • Cone, D., Middleton, P. (2012). ROC, paper, scissors: tracheal intubation or supraglottic airway for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest? Resuscitation, 83(9), 1047-1048. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Fazalbhoy, A., Birznieks, I., Macefield, V., Middleton, P., Lovell, N. (2012). Spontaneous fluctuations in the peripheral photoplethysmographic waveform: roles of arterial pressure and muscle sympathetic nerve activity. American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 302(3), H826-H836. [More Information]
  • Cone, D., Irvine, K., Middleton, P. (2012). The Methodology of the Australian Prehospital Outcomes Study of Longitudinal Epidemiology (APOStLE) Project. Prehospital Emergency Care, 16(4), 505-512. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Davies, S., Anand, S., Reinten-Reynolds, T., Marial, O., Middleton, J. (2012). The pre-hospital epidemiology and management of spinal cord injuries in New South Wales: 2004-2008. Injury, 43(4), 480-485. [More Information]
  • Taylor, C., Stevenson, M., Jan, S., Liu, B., Tall, G., Middleton, P., Fitzharris, M., Myburgh, J. (2011). An investigation into the cost, coverage and activities of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Injury, 42(10), 1088-1094. [More Information]
  • Reid, C., Hatton, R., Middleton, P. (2011). Case report: prehospital use of intranasal ketamine for paediatric burn injury. Emergency Medicine Journal, 28(4), 328-329. [More Information]
  • Thomas, S., Muscatello, D., Middleton, P., Zheng, W. (2011). Characteristics of fall-related injuries attended by an ambulance in Sydney, Australia: a surveillance summary. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 22(3-4), 49-54.
  • Bendall, J., Simpson, P., Middleton, P. (2011). Effectiveness of prehospital morphine, fentanyl, and methoxyflurane in pediatric patients. Prehospital Emergency Care, 15(2), 158-165. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Chan, G., Steel, E., Malouf, P., Critoph, C., Flynn, G., O'Lone, E., Celler, B., Lovell, N. (2011). Fingertip photoplethysmographic waveform variability and systemic vascular resistance in intensive care unit patients. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 49(9), 859-866. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Chan, G., Marr, S., Celler, B., Lovell, N. (2011). Identification of high-risk acute coronary syndromes by spectral analysis of ear photoplethysmographic waveform variability. Physiological measurement, 32(8), 1181-1192. [More Information]
  • Lee, Q., Chan, G., Redmond, S., Middleton, P., Steel, E., Malouf, P., Critoph, C., Flynn, G., O'Lone, E., Lovell, N. (2011). Multivariate classification of systemic vascular resistance using photoplethysmography. Physiological Measurement, 32(8), 1117-1132. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Davies, S. (2011). Noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring in the emergency department. Current Opinion in Critical Care, 17(4), 342-350. [More Information]
  • Ong, M., Shin, S., Tanaka, H., Ma, M., Khruekarnchana, P., Hisamuddin, N., Atilla, R., Middleton, P., Kajino, K., Leong, B., et al (2011). Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS): Rationale, Methodology, and Implementation. Academic Emergency Medicine, 18(8), 890-897. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Tang, C., Chan, G., Bishop, S., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2011). Peripheral photoplethysmography variability analysis of sepsis patients. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 49(3), 337-347. [More Information]
  • Bendall, J., Simpson, P., Middleton, P. (2011). Prehospital analgesia in New South Wales, Australia. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 26(6), 422-426. [More Information]
  • Bendall, J., Simpson, P., Middleton, P. (2011). Prehospital vital signs can predict pain severity: analysis using ordinal logistic regression. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 18(6), 334-339. [More Information]
  • Polkinghorne, B., Muscatello, D., MacIntyre, C., Lawrence, G., Middleton, P., Torvaldsen, S. (2011). Relationship between the population incidence of febrile convulsions in young children in Sydney, Australia and seasonal epidemics of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus, 2003-2010: a time series analysis. BMC Infectious Diseases, 11(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Simpson, P., Bendall, J., Middleton, P. (2011). Review article: Prophylactic metoclopramide for patients receiving intravenous morphine in the emergency setting: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 23(4), 452-457. [More Information]
  • Taylor, C., Stevenson, M., Jan, S., Middleton, P., Fitzharris, M., Myburgh, J. (2010). A systematic review of the costs and benefits of helicopter emergency medical services. Injury, 41(1), 10-20. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Tang, C., Middleton, P., Cave, G., Harvey, M., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2010). Augmented photoplethysmographic low frequency waves at the onset of endotoxic shock in rabbits. Physiological Measurement, 31(12), 1605-1621. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Simpson, P., Sinclair, G., Dobbins, T., Bendall, J. (2010). Effectiveness of morphine, fentanyl, and methoxyflurane in the prehospital setting. Prehospital Emergency Care, 14(4), 439-447. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Chan, G., Savkin, A., Lovell, N., Steel, E., Mackie, J. (2010). Frequency spectrum analysis of finger photoplethysmographic waveform variability during haemodialysis. Physiological Measurement, 31(9), 1203-1216. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Savkin, A., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Steel, E., Mackie, J., Cheng, T. (2010). Model predictive control of relative blood volume and heart rate during hemodialysis. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 48(4), 389-397. [More Information]
  • Tang, C., Middleton, P., Savkin, A., Chan, G., Bishop, S., Lovell, N. (2010). Non-invasive classification of severe sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome using a nonlinear support vector machine: a preliminary study. Physiological Measurement, 31(6), 775-793. [More Information]
  • Garnett, A., Marsden, D., Parsons, M., Quain, D., Spratt, N., Loudfoot, A., Middleton, P., Levi, C. (2010). The rural Prehospital Acute Stroke Triage (PAST) trial protocol: a controlled trial for rapid facilitated transport of rural acute stroke patients to a regional stroke centre. International Journal of Stroke, 5(6), 506-513. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Savkin, A., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Steel, E., Mackie, J., Lovell, N. (2009). Assessing the blood volume and heart rate responses during haemodialysis in fluid overloaded patients using support vector regression. Physiological Measurement, 30(11), 1251-1266. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Chan, G., O'Lone, E., Steel, E., Carroll, R., Celler, B., Lovell, N. (2009). Changes in left ventricular ejection time and pulse transit time derived from finger photoplethysmogram and electrocardiogram during moderate haemorrhage. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 29(3), 163-169. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Celler, B., Wang, L., Lovell, N. (2008). Detecting change in left ventricular ejection time during head-up tilt-induced progressive central hypovolemia using a finger photoplethysmographic pulse oximetry wave form. Journal of Trauma, 64(2), 390-397. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Celler, B., Wang, L., Lovell, N. (2007). Automatic detection of left ventricular ejection time from a finger photoplethysmographic pulse oximetry waveform: comparison with Doppler aortic measurement. Physiological Measurement, 28(4), 439-452. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Celler, B., Wang, L., Lovell, N. (2007). Change in pulse transit time and pre-ejection period during head-up tilt-induced progressive central hypovolaemia. Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, 21(5), 283-93. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Kelly, A., Brown, J., Robertson, M. (2006). Agreement between arterial and central venous values for pH, bicarbonate, base excess, and lactate. Emergency Medicine Journal, 23(8), 622-624. [More Information]

Conferences

  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Lovell, N. (2011). Photoplethysmographic Variability Analysis in Critical Care - Current Progress and Future Challenges. 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2011), Piscataway, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Lee, Q., Chan, G., Redmond, S., Middleton, P., Steel, E., Malouf, P., Critoph, C., Flynn, G., O'Lone, E., Lovell, N. (2010). Classification of low systemic vascular resistance using photoplethysmogram and routine cardiovascular measurements. 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2010), online: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Tang, C., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Cave, G., Harvey, M., Javed, F., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2010). Pulse transit time variability analysis in an animal model of endotoxic shock. 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2010), online: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Chan, G., Savkin, A., Middleton, P., Mackie, J., Lovell, N. (2010). Respiration-induced changes in ear photoplethysmography relates to relative blood volume during hemodialysis. 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2010), online: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Steel, E., Savkin, A., Mackie, J., Lovell, N. (2009). Changes in the spectral powers of finger photoplethysmographic waveform variability in hemodialysis patients. 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Chan, G., Savkin, A., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Steel, E., Mackie, J., Lovell, N. (2009). RBF kernel based support vector regression to estimate the blood volume and heart rate responses during hemodialysis. 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Tang, C., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2009). Spectral Analysis of Heart Period and Pulse Transit Time Derived from Electrocardiogram and Photoplethysmogram in Sepsis Patients. 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Tang, C., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Cave, G., Harvey, M., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2009). Transfer Function Analysis of Baroreflex Function in a Rabbit Model of Endotoxic Shock. 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Lovell, N., Celler, B. (2005). Extraction of photoplethysmographic waveform variability by lowpass filtering. 27th Annual International Conference IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) 2005, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]

2014

  • Thom, O., Keijzers, G., Davies, S., Taylor, D., Knott, J., Middleton, P. (2014). Clinical research priorities in emergency medicine: Results of a consensus meeting and development of a weighting method for assessment of clinical research priorities. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 26(1), 28-33. [More Information]

2013

  • Cheung, W., Middleton, P., Davies, S., Tummala, S., Thanakrishnan, G., Gullick, J. (2013). A comparison of survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Sydney, Australia, between 2004-2005 and 2009-2010. Critical Care and Resuscitation, 15(3), 241-246. [More Information]
  • Simpson, P., Bendall, J., Patterson, J., Tiedemann, A., Middleton, P., Close, J. (2013). Epidemiology of ambulance responses to older people who have fallen in New South Wales, Australia. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 32(3), 171-176. [More Information]
  • Lee, Q., Redmond, S., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Steel, E., Malouf, P., Critoph, C., Flynn, G., O'Lone, E., Lovell, N. (2013). Estimation of cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance using a multivariate regression model with features selected from the finger photoplethysmogram and routine cardiovascular measurements. BioMedical Engineering OnLine, 12, 1-15. [More Information]
  • Fouche, P., Middleton, P., Zverinova, K. (2013). Training and experience are more important than the type of practitioner for intubation success. Critical Care, 17(1), 1-2. [More Information]
  • Price, R., Bendall, J., Patterson, J., Middleton, P. (2013). What causes adverse events in prehospital care? A human-factors approach. Emergency Medicine Journal, 30(7), 583-588. [More Information]

2012

  • Fitzharris, M., Stevenson, M., Middleton, P., Sinclair, G. (2012). Adherence with the pre-hospital triage protocol in the transport of injured patients in an urban setting. Injury, 43(9), 1368-1376. [More Information]
  • Cone, D., Middleton, P., Pour, S. (2012). Analysis and impact of delays in ambulance to emergency department handovers. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 24(5), 525-533. [More Information]
  • Simpson, P., Bendall, J., Patterson, J., Middleton, P. (2012). Beliefs and expectations of paramedics towards evidence-based practice and research. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare (online), 10(3), 197-203. [More Information]
  • Ebbs, P., Middleton, P., Bonner, A., Loudfoot, A., Elliott, P. (2012). Do clinical safety charts improve paramedic key performance indicator results? (A clinical improvement programme evaluation). Emergency Medicine Journal, 29(7), 596-597. [More Information]
  • Smith, J., Rickard, A., Gay, D., Middleton, P. (2012). Outcome of wrist injuries with clinical suspicion of scaphoid injury after normal computed tomography. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 19(3), 188-192. [More Information]
  • Simpson, P., McCabe, B., Bendall, J., Cone, D., Middleton, P. (2012). Paramedic-performed digital nerve block to facilitate field reduction of a dislocated finger. Prehospital Emergency Care, 16(3), 415-417. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P. (2012). Practical use of the Glasgow Coma Scale; a comprehensive narrative review of GCS methodology. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 15(3), 170-183. [More Information]
  • Cone, D., Middleton, P. (2012). ROC, paper, scissors: tracheal intubation or supraglottic airway for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest? Resuscitation, 83(9), 1047-1048. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Fazalbhoy, A., Birznieks, I., Macefield, V., Middleton, P., Lovell, N. (2012). Spontaneous fluctuations in the peripheral photoplethysmographic waveform: roles of arterial pressure and muscle sympathetic nerve activity. American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 302(3), H826-H836. [More Information]
  • Cone, D., Irvine, K., Middleton, P. (2012). The Methodology of the Australian Prehospital Outcomes Study of Longitudinal Epidemiology (APOStLE) Project. Prehospital Emergency Care, 16(4), 505-512. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Davies, S., Anand, S., Reinten-Reynolds, T., Marial, O., Middleton, J. (2012). The pre-hospital epidemiology and management of spinal cord injuries in New South Wales: 2004-2008. Injury, 43(4), 480-485. [More Information]

2011

  • Taylor, C., Stevenson, M., Jan, S., Liu, B., Tall, G., Middleton, P., Fitzharris, M., Myburgh, J. (2011). An investigation into the cost, coverage and activities of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Injury, 42(10), 1088-1094. [More Information]
  • Reid, C., Hatton, R., Middleton, P. (2011). Case report: prehospital use of intranasal ketamine for paediatric burn injury. Emergency Medicine Journal, 28(4), 328-329. [More Information]
  • Thomas, S., Muscatello, D., Middleton, P., Zheng, W. (2011). Characteristics of fall-related injuries attended by an ambulance in Sydney, Australia: a surveillance summary. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 22(3-4), 49-54.
  • Bendall, J., Simpson, P., Middleton, P. (2011). Effectiveness of prehospital morphine, fentanyl, and methoxyflurane in pediatric patients. Prehospital Emergency Care, 15(2), 158-165. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Chan, G., Steel, E., Malouf, P., Critoph, C., Flynn, G., O'Lone, E., Celler, B., Lovell, N. (2011). Fingertip photoplethysmographic waveform variability and systemic vascular resistance in intensive care unit patients. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 49(9), 859-866. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Chan, G., Marr, S., Celler, B., Lovell, N. (2011). Identification of high-risk acute coronary syndromes by spectral analysis of ear photoplethysmographic waveform variability. Physiological measurement, 32(8), 1181-1192. [More Information]
  • Lee, Q., Chan, G., Redmond, S., Middleton, P., Steel, E., Malouf, P., Critoph, C., Flynn, G., O'Lone, E., Lovell, N. (2011). Multivariate classification of systemic vascular resistance using photoplethysmography. Physiological Measurement, 32(8), 1117-1132. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Davies, S. (2011). Noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring in the emergency department. Current Opinion in Critical Care, 17(4), 342-350. [More Information]
  • Ong, M., Shin, S., Tanaka, H., Ma, M., Khruekarnchana, P., Hisamuddin, N., Atilla, R., Middleton, P., Kajino, K., Leong, B., et al (2011). Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS): Rationale, Methodology, and Implementation. Academic Emergency Medicine, 18(8), 890-897. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Tang, C., Chan, G., Bishop, S., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2011). Peripheral photoplethysmography variability analysis of sepsis patients. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 49(3), 337-347. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Lovell, N. (2011). Photoplethysmographic Variability Analysis in Critical Care - Current Progress and Future Challenges. 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2011), Piscataway, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Bendall, J., Simpson, P., Middleton, P. (2011). Prehospital analgesia in New South Wales, Australia. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 26(6), 422-426. [More Information]
  • Bendall, J., Simpson, P., Middleton, P. (2011). Prehospital vital signs can predict pain severity: analysis using ordinal logistic regression. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 18(6), 334-339. [More Information]
  • Polkinghorne, B., Muscatello, D., MacIntyre, C., Lawrence, G., Middleton, P., Torvaldsen, S. (2011). Relationship between the population incidence of febrile convulsions in young children in Sydney, Australia and seasonal epidemics of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus, 2003-2010: a time series analysis. BMC Infectious Diseases, 11(1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Simpson, P., Bendall, J., Middleton, P. (2011). Review article: Prophylactic metoclopramide for patients receiving intravenous morphine in the emergency setting: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 23(4), 452-457. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Bendall, J., Habig, K. (2011). Scene assessment, management and rescue. In Kate Curtis, Clair Ramsden, Bill Lord (Eds.), Emergency and Trauma Care for Nurses and Paramedics, (pp. 141-166). Australia: Elsevier.

2010

  • Taylor, C., Stevenson, M., Jan, S., Middleton, P., Fitzharris, M., Myburgh, J. (2010). A systematic review of the costs and benefits of helicopter emergency medical services. Injury, 41(1), 10-20. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Tang, C., Middleton, P., Cave, G., Harvey, M., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2010). Augmented photoplethysmographic low frequency waves at the onset of endotoxic shock in rabbits. Physiological Measurement, 31(12), 1605-1621. [More Information]
  • Lee, Q., Chan, G., Redmond, S., Middleton, P., Steel, E., Malouf, P., Critoph, C., Flynn, G., O'Lone, E., Lovell, N. (2010). Classification of low systemic vascular resistance using photoplethysmogram and routine cardiovascular measurements. 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2010), online: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Simpson, P., Sinclair, G., Dobbins, T., Bendall, J. (2010). Effectiveness of morphine, fentanyl, and methoxyflurane in the prehospital setting. Prehospital Emergency Care, 14(4), 439-447. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Chan, G., Savkin, A., Lovell, N., Steel, E., Mackie, J. (2010). Frequency spectrum analysis of finger photoplethysmographic waveform variability during haemodialysis. Physiological Measurement, 31(9), 1203-1216. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Savkin, A., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Steel, E., Mackie, J., Cheng, T. (2010). Model predictive control of relative blood volume and heart rate during hemodialysis. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 48(4), 389-397. [More Information]
  • Tang, C., Middleton, P., Savkin, A., Chan, G., Bishop, S., Lovell, N. (2010). Non-invasive classification of severe sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome using a nonlinear support vector machine: a preliminary study. Physiological Measurement, 31(6), 775-793. [More Information]
  • Tang, C., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Cave, G., Harvey, M., Javed, F., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2010). Pulse transit time variability analysis in an animal model of endotoxic shock. 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2010), online: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Chan, G., Savkin, A., Middleton, P., Mackie, J., Lovell, N. (2010). Respiration-induced changes in ear photoplethysmography relates to relative blood volume during hemodialysis. 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS 2010), online: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Garnett, A., Marsden, D., Parsons, M., Quain, D., Spratt, N., Loudfoot, A., Middleton, P., Levi, C. (2010). The rural Prehospital Acute Stroke Triage (PAST) trial protocol: a controlled trial for rapid facilitated transport of rural acute stroke patients to a regional stroke centre. International Journal of Stroke, 5(6), 506-513. [More Information]

2009

  • Javed, F., Savkin, A., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Steel, E., Mackie, J., Lovell, N. (2009). Assessing the blood volume and heart rate responses during haemodialysis in fluid overloaded patients using support vector regression. Physiological Measurement, 30(11), 1251-1266. [More Information]
  • Middleton, P., Chan, G., O'Lone, E., Steel, E., Carroll, R., Celler, B., Lovell, N. (2009). Changes in left ventricular ejection time and pulse transit time derived from finger photoplethysmogram and electrocardiogram during moderate haemorrhage. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 29(3), 163-169. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Steel, E., Savkin, A., Mackie, J., Lovell, N. (2009). Changes in the spectral powers of finger photoplethysmographic waveform variability in hemodialysis patients. 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Javed, F., Chan, G., Savkin, A., Middleton, P., Malouf, P., Steel, E., Mackie, J., Lovell, N. (2009). RBF kernel based support vector regression to estimate the blood volume and heart rate responses during hemodialysis. 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Tang, C., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2009). Spectral Analysis of Heart Period and Pulse Transit Time Derived from Electrocardiogram and Photoplethysmogram in Sepsis Patients. 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Tang, C., Chan, G., Middleton, P., Cave, G., Harvey, M., Savkin, A., Lovell, N. (2009). Transfer Function Analysis of Baroreflex Function in a Rabbit Model of Endotoxic Shock. 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2009, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]

2008

  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Celler, B., Wang, L., Lovell, N. (2008). Detecting change in left ventricular ejection time during head-up tilt-induced progressive central hypovolemia using a finger photoplethysmographic pulse oximetry wave form. Journal of Trauma, 64(2), 390-397. [More Information]

2007

  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Celler, B., Wang, L., Lovell, N. (2007). Automatic detection of left ventricular ejection time from a finger photoplethysmographic pulse oximetry waveform: comparison with Doppler aortic measurement. Physiological Measurement, 28(4), 439-452. [More Information]
  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Celler, B., Wang, L., Lovell, N. (2007). Change in pulse transit time and pre-ejection period during head-up tilt-induced progressive central hypovolaemia. Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, 21(5), 283-93. [More Information]

2006

  • Middleton, P., Kelly, A., Brown, J., Robertson, M. (2006). Agreement between arterial and central venous values for pH, bicarbonate, base excess, and lactate. Emergency Medicine Journal, 23(8), 622-624. [More Information]

2005

  • Chan, G., Middleton, P., Lovell, N., Celler, B. (2005). Extraction of photoplethysmographic waveform variability by lowpass filtering. 27th Annual International Conference IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) 2005, USA: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]

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