Associate Professor Russell Dale

Petre Associate Professor Paediatric Neurology Research
Paediatrics & Child Health, Children's Hospital, Westmead

Telephone +61 2 9845 2006
Fax +61 2 9845 3389

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Research interests

Dr Dale is a paediatric neurologist. His clinical interests are brain inflammation syndromes including such as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis; autoimmune encephalitis such as anti-NMDAR encephalitis and basal ganglia encephalitis; autoimmune movement disorders such as Sydenham's chorea; and childhood movement disorders including Tourette syndrome and genetic movement disorders.

His laboratory interests are acute onset brain inflammation and brain autoimmunity, including: the role of novel autoantibodies in autoimmune encephalitis; the role of anti-MOG antibodies in demyelination syndromes such as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders.

He is interested in therapeutic decision making in autoimmune brain disease, and has an NHMRC Practitioner fellowship to better understand the treatment of these disorders.

Selected grants

2015

  • MOG antibody: a biomarker of bilateral and relapsing optic neuritis; Brilot-Turville F, Dale R; Multiple Sclerosis Research Australia/Project Grant.
  • Dopamine-2 receptor antibody in movement and psychiatric disorders; Brilot-Turville F, Dale R; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2014

  • Practitioner Fellowship Level 1 - Identification and early treatment of autoimmune brain disease in children; Dale R; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Career Awards: Practitioner Fellowships.

2013

  • Cross---sectional study of Dopamine--2 receptor antibodies in patients with Tourette syndrome and Obsessive---compulsive disorder; Dale R, Brilot-Turville F; Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc/Research Support.

2012

  • Autoantibody in first episode of demyelination and risk of progression to MS in Australian children; Brilot-Turville F, Dale R; Multiple Sclerosis Research Australia/Investigator Project Grants.

2011

  • Autoimmune NMDAR encephalitis in children; Brilot-Turville F, Dale R; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Improving the genetic diagnosis of neuromuscular diseases; Dale R, Christodoulou J, Brilot-Turville F, Yang N, Clarke N, Cooper S; Rebecca L Cooper Medical Research Foundation/Equipment Grant.

2010

  • Biomarkers in early paediatric CNS demyelination, and risk of progression to mutliple sclerosis; Brilot-Turville F, Dale R; Multiple Sclerosis Research Australia/Investigator Project Grants.

2007

  • University of Sydney - Postdoctoral Fellowship; Dale R; University of Sydney/Postdoctoral Fellowship.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Dale, R. (2013). Immune-mediated extrapyramidal movement disorders, including Sydenham chorea. In Olivier Dulac, Maryse Lassonde, Harvey B Sarnat (Eds.), Pediatric Neurology: Part II (Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 3rd series vol 112), (pp. 1235-1241). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier B.V.
  • Vincent, A., Dale, R. (2010). Autoimmune Channelopathies and Other Antibody-Associated Neurological Disorders. In Russell C Dale, Angela Vincent (Eds.), Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children, (pp. 365-387). London: Mac Keith Press.
  • Mikaeloff, Y., Dale, R., Tardieu, M. (2010). Childhood Multiple Sclerosis. In Russell C Dale, Angela Vincent (Eds.), Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children, (pp. 48-64). London: Mac Keith Press.
  • Dale, R., Tenembaum, S. (2010). New International Definitions for Central Nervous System Demyelination Syndromes in Children. In Russell C Dale, Angela Vincent (Eds.), Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children, (pp. 14-19). London: Mac Keith Press.
  • Dale, R. (2010). Other Immune-Mediated Extrapyramidal Movement Disorders. In Russell C Dale, Angela Vincent (Eds.), Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children, (pp. 174-189). London: Mac Keith Press.
  • Martino, D., Dale, R. (2006). Post-streptococcal autoimmune brain disorders. In Timothy J. David (Eds.), Recent Advances in Paediatrics 23, (pp. 17-32). UK and US: Royal Society of Medicine Press Ltd.
  • Dale, R., Church, A. (2005). Post-streptococcal neuropsychiatric disease: Sydenham's chorea and beyond. In S. Hossein Fatemi (Eds.), Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Infection, (pp. 154-161). United Kingdom: Taylor and Francis.

Journals

  • Livingston, J., Lin, J., Dale, R., Gill, D., Brogan, P., Munnich, A., Kurian, M., Gonzalez-Martinez, V., De Goede, C., Falconer, A., et al (2014). A type I interferon signature identifies bilateral striatal necrosis due to mutations in ADAR1. Journal of Medical Genetics, 51(2), 76-82. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Tantsis, E., Merheb, V., Kumaran, R., Sinmaz, N., Pathmanandavel, K., Ramanathan, S., Booth, D., Wienholt, L., Prelog, K., Mathey, E., et al (2014). Antibodies to MOG have a demyelination phenotype and affect oligodendrocyte cytoskeleton. Neurology: Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation, 2014 (1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Ramanathan, S., Mohammad, S., Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R. (2014). Autoimmune encephalitis: Recent updates and emerging challenges. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 21, 722-730. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Gardiner, A., Branson, J., Houlden, H. (2014). Benefit of carbamazepine in a patient with hemiplegic migraine associated with PRRT2 mutation. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 56(9), 910. [More Information]
  • Ramanathan, S., Bleasel, A., Parratt, J., Orr, C., Dale, R., Vincent, A., Fung, V. (2014). Characterisation of a syndrome of autoimmune adult onset focal epilepsy and encephalitis. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 21(7), 1169-1175. [More Information]
  • Meneret, A., Depienne, C., Riant, F., Trouillard, O., Bouteiller, D., Cincotta, M., Bitoun, P., Wickert, J., Lagroua, I., Westenberger, A., Dale, R., et al (2014). Congenital mirror movements: Mutational analysis of RAD51 and DCC in 26 cases. Neurology, 82(22), 1999-2002. [More Information]
  • Rice, G., del Toro Duany, Y., Jenkinson, E., Forte, G., Anderson, B., Ariaudo, G., Bader-Meunier, B., Baildam, E., Battini, R., Beresford, M., Dale, R., Menezes, M., et al (2014). Gain-of-function mutations in IFIH1 cause a spectrum of human disease phenotypes associated with upregulated type I interferon signaling. Nature Genetics, 46(5), 503-509. [More Information]
  • Mohammad, S., Sinclair, K., Pillai, S., Merheb, V., Aumann, T., Gill, D., Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F. (2014). Herpes simplex encephalitis relapse with chorea is associated with autoantibodies to N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor or dopamine-2 receptor. Movement Disorders, 29(1), 117-122. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Duffy, L., Twilt, M., Waldman, A., Narula, S., Muscal, E., Deiva, K., Andersen, E., Eyre, M., et al (2014). Utility and safety of rituximab in pediatric autoimmune and inflammatory CNS disease. Neurology, 83, 142-150. [More Information]
  • Rice, G., Forte, G., Szynkiewicz, M., Chase, D., Aeby, A., Abdel-Hamid, M., Ackroyd, S., Allcock, R., Bailey, K., Balottin, U., Dale, R., et al (2013). Assessment of interferon-related biomarkers in Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome associated with mutations in TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, SAMHD1, and ADAR: a case-control study. Lancet Neurology, 12(12), 1159-1169. [More Information]
  • Pathmanandavel, K., Starling, J., Dale, R., Brilot, F. (2013). Autoantibodies and the immune hypothesis in psychotic brain diseases: challenges and perspectives. Clinical & Developmental Immunology, 2013, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Suleiman, J., Wright, S., Gill, D., Brilot-Turville, F., Waters, P., Peacock, K., Procopis, P., Nibber, A., Vincent, A., Dale, R., et al (2013). Autoantibodies to neuronal antigens in children with new-onset seizures classified according to the revised ILAE organization of seizures and epilepsies. Epilepsia, 54(12), 2091-2100. [More Information]
  • Mohammad, S., Ramanathan, S., Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R. (2013). Autoantibody-Associated Movement Disorders. Neuropediatrics, 44(6), 336-345. [More Information]
  • Suleiman, J., Brilot-Turville, F., Lang, B., Vincent, A., Dale, R. (2013). Autoimmune epilepsy in children: case series and proposed guidelines for identification. Epilepsia, 54(6), 1036-1045. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Pillai, S., Brilot-Turville, F. (2013). Cerebrospinal fluid CD19(+) B-cell expansion in N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 55(2), 191-193. [More Information]
  • Sinclair, A., Wienholt, L., Tantsis, E., Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R. (2013). Clinical association of intrathecal and mirrored oligoclonal bands in paediatric neurology. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 55(1), 71-75. [More Information]
  • Johnson, A., Dale, R., Wienholt, L., Hadjivassiliou, M., Aeschlimann, D., Lawson, J. (2013). Coeliac disease, epilepsy, and cerebral calcifications: association with TG6 autoantibodies. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 55(1), 90-93. [More Information]
  • Mayer, M., Breithaupt, C., Reindl, M., Schanda, K., Rostasy, K., Berger, T., Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Olsson, T., Jenne, D., et al (2013). Distinction and temporal stability of conformational epitopes on myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein recognized by patients with different inflammatory central nervous system diseases. The Journal of Immunology, 191(7), 3594-3604. [More Information]
  • Amatoury, M., Merheb, V., Langer, J., Wang, X., Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F. (2013). High-throughput Flow Cytometry Cell-based Assay to Detect Antibodies to N-Methyl-D-aspartate Receptor or Dopamine-2 Receptor in Human Serum. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 2013 (81), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Krupp, L., Tardieu, M., Amato, M., Banwell, B., Chitnis, T., Dale, R., Ghezzi, A., Hintzen, R., Kornberg, A., Pohl, D., et al (2013). International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group criteria for pediatric multiple sclerosis and immune-mediated central nervous system demyelinating disorders: revisions to the 2007 definitions. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 19(10), 1261-1267. [More Information]
  • McMichael, G., Haan, E., Gardner, A., Yap, T., Thompson, S., Ouvrier, R., Dale, R., Gecz, J., MacLennan, A. (2013). NKX2-1 mutation in a family diagnosed with ataxic dyskinetic cerebral palsy. European Journal of Medical Genetics, 56(9), 506-509. [More Information]
  • Dale, R. (2013). Paediatric MS is the same disease as adult MS: Commentary. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 19(10), 1259-1260. [More Information]
  • Tantsis, E., Prelog, K., Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R. (2013). Risk of multiple sclerosis after a first demyelinating syndrome in an Australian Paediatric cohort: clinical, radiological features and application of the McDonald 2010 MRI criteria. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 19(13), 1749-1759. [More Information]
  • Van Haren, K., Tomooka, B., Kidd, B., Banwell, B., Bar-Or, A., Chitnis, T., Tenembaum, S., Pohl, D., Rostasy, K., Dale, R., et al (2013). Serum autoantibodies to myelin peptides distinguish acute disseminated encephalomyelitis from relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 19(13), 1726-1733. [More Information]
  • Troedson, C., Wong, M., Dalby-Payne, J., Wilson, M., Dexter, M., Rice, G., Crow, Y., Dale, R. (2013). Systemic lupus erythematosus due to C1q deficiency with progressive encephalopathy, intracranial calcification and acquired moyamoya cerebral vasculopathy. Lupus, 22(6), 639-643. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Merheb, V., Pillai, S., Wang, D., Cantrill, L., Murphy, T., Ben-Pazi, H., Varadkar, S., Aumann, T., Horne, M., Brilot-Turville, F., et al (2012). Antibodies to surface dopamine-2 receptor in autoimmune movement and psychiatric disorders. Brain, 135(Pt 11), 3453-3468. [More Information]
  • Fung, E., Tsung, L., Dale, R. (2012). Aquaporin-4 autoantibody: A neurogenic cause of anorexia and weight loss. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 54(1), 45-47. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Banwell, B., Bar-Or, A., Brilot-Turville, F. (2012). Autoantibodies against aquaporin-4 and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein in paediatric CNS demyelination: Recent developments and future directions. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 1(3), 116-122. [More Information]
  • Seshia, S., Dale, R., Kirkham, F. (2012). Autoantibody associated disorders of the CNS in children: the list keeps growing. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 39(2), 129-131. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F. (2012). Autoimmune Basal Ganglia disorders. Journal of Child Neurology, 27(11), 1470-1481. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Gardiner, A., Antony, J., Houlden, H. (2012). Familial PRRT2 mutation with heterogeneous paroxysmal disorders including paroxysmal torticollis and hemiplegic migraine. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 54(10), 958-960. [More Information]
  • Banwell, B., Dale, R. (2012). Lymphohistiocytosis in the brain: recognition of a potentially reversible aspect of primary HLH. Neurology, 78(15), 1114-1115. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Grattan-Smith, P., Nicholson, M., Peters, G. (2012). Microdeletions detected using chromosome microarray in children with suspected genetic movement disorders: a single-centre study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 54(7), 618-623. [More Information]
  • Khandaker, G., Zurynski, Y., Buttery, J., Marshall, H., Richmond, P., Dale, R., Royle, J., Gold, M., Snelling, T., Whitehead, B., Jones, C., Heron, L., Macartney, K., Elliott, E., Booy, R., et al (2012). Neurologic complications of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09: Surveillance in 6 pediatric hospitals. Neurology, 79(14), 1474-1481. [More Information]
  • Gardiner, A., Bhatia, K., Stamelou, M., Dale, R., Kurian, M., Schneider, S., Wali, G., Counihan, T., Schapira, A., Spacey, S., et al (2012). PRRT2 gene mutations: From paroxysmal dyskinesia to episodic ataxia and hemiplegic migraine. Neurology, 79(21), 2115-2121. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Lang, B., Brilot-Turville, F., Polfrit, Y., Smith, G., Wong, M. (2012). Treatment-responsive pandysautonomia in an adolescent with ganglionic α3-AChR antibodies. European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 16(4), 396-398. [More Information]
  • Pröbstel, A., Dornmair, K., Bittner, R., Sperl, P., Jenne, D., Magalhaes, S., Villalobos, A., Breithaupt, C., WeWeissert, R., Jacob, U., Brilot-Turville, F., Tantsis, E., Dale, R., et al (2011). Antibodies to MOG are transient in childhood acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Neurology, 77(6), 580-588. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Yin, K., Ding, A., Merheb, V., Varadkhar, S., McKay, D., Singh-Grewal, D., Brilot-Turville, F. (2011). Antibody binding to neuronal surface in movement disorders associated with lupus and antiphospholipid antibodies. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53(6), 522-528. [More Information]
  • Brilot-Turville, F., Merheb, V., Ding, A., Murphy, T., Dale, R. (2011). Antibody binding to neuronal surface in Sydenham chorea, but not in PANDAS or Tourette syndrome. Neurology, 76(17), 1508-1513. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Tantsis, E., Merheb, V., Brilot-Turville, F. (2011). Cerebrospinal fluid B-cell expansion in longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis associated with neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53(9), 856-860. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Grattan-Smith, P., Fung, V., Peters, G. (2011). Clinical/Scientific notes. Neurology, 77(14), 1401-1402. [More Information]
  • Illingworth, M., Hanrahan, D., Anderson, C., O'Kane, K., Anderson, J., Casey, M., de Sousa, C., Cross, J., Wright, S., Dale, R., et al (2011). Elevated VGKC-complex antibodies in a boy with fever-induced refractory epileptic encephalopathy in school-age children (FIRES). Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53, 1053-1057. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Nasti, J., Peters, G. (2011). Familial 7q21.3 microdeletion involving epsilon-sarcoglycan causing myoclonus dystonia, cognitive impairment, and psychosis. Movement Disorders, 26(9), 1774-1775. [More Information]
  • Suleiman, J., Brenner, T., Gill, D., Troedson, C., Sinclair, A., Brilot-Turville, F., Vincent, A., Lang, B., Dale, R. (2011). Immune-mediated steroid-responsive epileptic spasms and epileptic encephalopathy associated with VGKC-complex antibodies. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53(11), 1058-1060. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Grattan-Smith, P., Fung, V., Peters, G. (2011). Infantile convulsions and paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia with 16p11.2 microdeletion. Neurology, 77(14), 1401-1402. [More Information]
  • Lo, H., Bertini, E., Mirabella, M., Domazetovska, A., Dale, R., Petrini, S., D'Amico, A., Valente, E., Barresi, R., Roberts, M., Cooper, S., North, K., et al (2011). Mosaic Caveolin-3 Expression in Acquired Rippling Muscle Disease Without Evidence of Myasthenia Gravis or Acetylcholine Receptor Autoantibodies. Neuromuscular Disorders, 21(3), 194-203. [More Information]
  • Banwell, B., Bar-Or, A., Giovannoni, G., Dale, R., Tardieu, M. (2011). Therapies for multiple sclerosis: considerations in the pediatric patient. Nature Reviews Neurology, 7(2), 109-122. [More Information]
  • Suleiman, J., Brenner, T., Gill, D., Brilot-Turville, F., Antony, J., Vincent, A., Lang, B., Dale, R. (2011). VGKC antibodies in pediatric encephalitis presenting with status epilepticus. Neurology, 76(14), 1252-1255. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Singh, H., Troedson, C., Pillai, S., Gaikiwari, S., Kozlowska, K. (2010). A prospective study of acute movement disorders in children. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, (10.1111/j.1469-8749.2009.03598.x), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Chan, S., Wong, V., Fung, C., Dale, R., Vincent, A. (2010). Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with atypical brain changes on MRI. Pediatric Neurology, 43(4), 274-278. [More Information]
  • Selter, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Grummel, V., Kraus, V., Cepok, S., Dale, R., Hemmer, B. (2010). Antibody responses to EBV and native MOG in pediatric inflammatory demyelinating CNS diseases. Neurology, 74(21), 1711-1715. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F. (2010). Biomarkers of inflammatory and auto-immune central nervous system disorders. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 22(6), 718-725. [More Information]
  • Pillai, S., Gill, D., Webster, R., Howman-Giles, R., Dale, R. (2010). Cortical Hypometabolism Demonstrated by PET in Relapsing NMDA Receptor Encephalitis. Pediatric Neurology, 43(3), 217-220. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Gornall, H., Singh-Grewal, D., Alcausin, M., Rice, G., Crow, Y. (2010). Familial Aicardi–Goutières Syndrome Due to SAMHD1 Mutations Is Associated With Chronic Arthropathy and Contractures. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A, 152A (4), 938-942. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Melchers, A., Fung, V., Grattan-Smith, P., Houlden, H., Earl, J. (2010). Familial paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia: atypical presentation of autosomal dominant GTP-cyclohydrolase 1 deficiency. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 52(6), 583-586. [More Information]
  • Evesson, F., Peat, R., Lek, A., Brilot-Turville, F., Lo, H., Dale, R., Parton, R., North, K., Cooper, S. (2010). Reduced Plasma Membrane Expression of Dysferlin Mutants Is Attributed to Accelerated Endocytosis via a Syntaxin-4-associated Pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285(37), 28529-28539. [More Information]
  • Webster, R., Hazelton, B., Suleiman, J., Macartney, K., Kesson, A., Dale, R. (2010). Severe encephalopathy with swine origin influenza A H1N1 infection in childhood: case reports. Neurology, 74(13), 1077-1078. [More Information]
  • Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R., Selter, R., Grummel, V., Reddy Kalluri, S., Aslam, M., Busch, V., Zhou, D., Cepok, S., Hemmer, B. (2009). Antibodies to native myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein in children with inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system disease. Annals of Neurology, 66(6), 833-842. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Fagan, E., Earl, J. (2009). Cerebrospinal fluid neopterin in paediatric neurology: a marker of active central nervous system inflammation. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 51(4), 317-323. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Dale, R., Gilbert, D., Giovannoni, G., Leckman, J. (2009). Immunopathogenic mechanisms in tourette syndrome: A critical review. Movement Disorders, 24(9), 1267-1279. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Irani, S., Brilot-Turville, F., Pillai, S., Webster, R., Gill, D., Lang, B., Vincent, A. (2009). N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antibodies in pediatric dyskinetic encephalitis lethargica. Annals of Neurology, 66(5), 704-709. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Banwell, B. (2009). Pediatric central nervous system inflammatory demyelination: acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, clinically isolated syndromes, neuromyelitis optica, and multiple sclerosis. Current Opinion In Neurology, 22(3), 233-240. [More Information]
  • Dale, R. (2008). Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: where does it start and where does it stop? Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 50, 326-327. [More Information]
  • Troedson, C., Gill, D., Dale, R. (2008). Emergence of Acute Necrotising Encephalopathy in Australia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 44, 599-601. [More Information]
  • Branson, J., Dale, R. (2008). Transient bilateral blindness and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: A rare complication of enuresis treatment. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 44, 380-382. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Defazio, G., Church, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G., Robertson, M., Orth, M. (2007). Antineuronal Antibody Status and Phenotype Analysis in Tourette's Syndrome. Movement Disorders, 22(10), 1424-1429. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Webster, R., Gill, D. (2007). Contemporary Encephalitis Lethargica Presenting with Agitated Catatonia, Stereotypy, and Dystonia-Parkinsonism. Movement Disorders, 22(15), 2281-2284. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Pillai, S. (2007). Early relapse risk after a first CNS inflammatory demyelination episode: examining international consensus definitions. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 49(12), 887-893. [More Information]
  • Chapman, M., Thompson, E., Candler, P., Dale, R., Church, A., Giovannoni, G. (2007). Quantitative demonstration of intrathecal synthesis of high affinity immunoglobulin G in herpes simplex encephalitis using affinity-mediated immunoblotting. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 185, 130-135. [More Information]
  • O’Connor, K., McLaughlin, K., De Jager, P., Chitnis, T., Bettelli, E., Xu, C., Robinson, W., Cherry, S., Bar-Or, A., Banwell, B., Dale, R., et al (2007). Self-antigen tetramers discriminate between myelin autoantibodies to native or denatured protein. Nature Medicine, 13(2), 211-217. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Candler, P., Chapman, M., Martino, D., Giovannoni, G., Singer, H., Hong, J., Yusuf, S., Williams, P., et al (2007). Serum autoantibodies do not differentiate PANDAS and Tourette syndrome from controls. Neurology, 66, 1612.
  • Dale, R., Candler, P., Church, A., Wait, R., Pocock, J., Giovannoni, G. (2006). Neuronal surface glycolytic enzymes are autoantigen targets in post-streptococcal autoimmune CNS disease. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 172(1-2), 187-197. [More Information]
  • Candler, P., Dale, R., Griffin, S., Church, A., Wait, R., Chapman, M., Keir, G., Giovannoni, G., Rees, J. (2006). Post-streptococcal opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome associated with anti-neuroleukin antibodies. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 77(4), 507-512. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Candler, P., Chapman, M., Martino, D., Giovannoni, G. (2006). Serum autoantibodies do not differentiate PANDAS and Tourette syndrome from controls. Neurology, 66(10), 1612-1612.
  • Dale, R., Branson, J. (2005). Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis or multiple sclerosis: can the initial presentation help in establishing a correct diagnosis? - review. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90(6), 636. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Church, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G. (2005). Antibasal ganglia antibodies and PANDAS. Movement Disorders, 20(1), 116-117. [More Information]
  • Wills, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G. (2005). Gluten Ataxia and Post-Streptococcal Central Nervous System Syndromes: Emerging Immune-mediated Disorders of the Central Nervous System? Current Treatment Options in Neurology, 7(3), 183-189. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Heyman, I., Giovannoni, G., Church, A. (2005). Incidence of anti-brain antibodies in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187(4), 314-319. [More Information]
  • Dale, R. (2005). Post-streptococcal autoimmune disorders of the central nervous system. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 47(11), 785-791. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Branson, J., Church, A., Candler, P., Livrea, P., Giovannoni, G., Dale, R. (2005). Soluble adhesion molecules in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Pediatric Neurology, 33(4), 255-258. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Church, A., Defazio, G., Dale, R., Quinn, N., Robertson, M., Livrea, P., Orth, M., Giovannoni, G. (2005). Soluble adhesion molecules in Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 234(1-2), 79-85. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Tanner, A., Defazio, G., Church, A., Bhatia, K., Giovannoni, G., Dale, R. (2005). Tracing Sydenham's chorea: historical documents from a British paediatric hospital. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90(5), 507-511. [More Information]
  • Edwards, M., Dale, R., Church, A., Giovannoni, G., Bhatia, K. (2004). A dystonic syndrome associated with anti-basal ganglia antibodies. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 75(6), 914-916.
  • Edwards, M., Dale, R., Church, A., Trikouli, E., Quinn, N., Lees, A., Giovannoni, G., Bhatia, K. (2004). Adult-onset tic disorder, motor stereotypies and behavioural disturbance associated with antibasal ganglia antibodies. Movement Disorders, 19(10), 1190-1196. [More Information]
  • Edwards, M., Trikouli, E., Martino, D., Bozi, M., Dale, R., Church, A., Schrag, A., Lees, A., Quinn, N., Giovannoni, G., et al (2004). Anti-basal ganglia antibodies in patients with atypical dystonia and tics: a prospective study. Neurology, 63(1), 156-158.
  • Church, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G. (2004). Anti-basal ganglia antibodies: a possible diagnostic utility in idiopathic movement disorders? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89(7), 611-614.
  • Martino, D., Church, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G. (2004). Antibasal ganglia antibodies and PANDAS - Letter to the Editor. Movement Disorders, (published online Sept 20, 2004).
  • Leger, G., Johnson, N., Horowitz, S., Dale, R., Church, A., Mesulam, M. (2004). Dementia-like presentation of striatal hypermetabolic state with antistriatal antibodies responsive to steroids. JAMA Neurology, 61(5), 754-757. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Heyman, I., Surtees, R., Church, A., Giovannoni, G., Goodman, R., Neville, B. (2004). Dyskinesias and associated psychiatric disorders following streptococcal infections. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89(7), 604-610.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Surtees, R., Lees, A., Adcock, J., Harding, B., Neville, B., Giovannoni, G. (2004). Encephalitis lethargica syndrome: 20 new cases and evidence of basal ganglia autoimmunity. Brain, 127(1), 21-33.
  • Candler, P., Dale, R. (2004). Three cases of Central Nervous System complications associated with mycoplasma pneumoniae. Pediatric Neurology, 31(2), 133-138.
  • Dale, R. (2003). Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 14(2), 90-95.
  • Dale, R. (2003). Autoimmunity and the basal ganglia: new insights into old diseases - review. QJM, 96(3), 183-191.
  • Dale, R. (2003). Childhood opsoclonus myoclonus. Lancet Neurology, 2(5), 270-270.
  • Church, A., Dale, R., Cardoso, F., Candler, P., Chapman, M., Allen, M., Klein, N., Lees, A., Giovannoni, G. (2003). CSF and serum immune parameters in Sydenham's chorea: evidence of an autoimmune syndrome? Journal of Neuroimmunology, 136(1-2), 149-153.
  • Dale, R., Morovat, A. (2003). Interleukin-6 and oligoclonal IgG synthesis in children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Neuropediatrics: journal of pediatric neurobiology, neurology and neurosurgery, 34(3), 141-145.
  • Lang, B., Dale, R., Vincent, A. (2003). New autoantibody mediated disorders of the central nervous system - Review. Current Opinion In Neurology, 16(3), 351-357.
  • Ben-pazi, H., Livne, A., Shapira, Y., Dale, R. (2003). Parkinsonian features after streptococcal Pharyngitis. The Journal of Pediatrics, 143(2), 267-269.
  • Dale, R. (2003). Streptococcus pyogenes and the brain: living with the enemy. Revista de Neurologia, 37(1), 92-97.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Heyman, I. (2003). Striatal encephalitis after Varicella Zoster infection complicated by Tourettism. Movement Disorders, 18(12), 1554-1556. [More Information]
  • Church, A., Dale, R., Lees, A., Giovannoni, G., Robertson, M. (2003). Tourette's syndrome: a cross sectional study to examine the PANDAS hypothesis. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 74(5), 602-607.
  • Church, A., Cardoso, F., Dale, R., Lees, A., Thompson, E., Giovannoni, G. (2002). Anti-basal ganglia antibodies in acute and persistent Sydenham's chorea. Neurology, 59(2), 227-231.
  • Church, A., Dale, R. (2002). Antistreptolysin-O titers: implications for adult PANDAS. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(2), 320-320.
  • Church, A., Dale, R. (2002). Antistreptolysin-O titers: implications for adult PANDAS - Letter to the Editor. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(2), 320-320.
  • Hartley, L., Ng, S., Dale, R., Church, A., Martinez, A., de Sousa, C. (2002). Immune mediated chorea encephalopathy syndrome in childhood. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 44(4), 273-277.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Wyatt, M., Sharma, S., Chong, W., Cox, T. (2002). Normal MRI neuroimaging and acute dancing eyes syndrome. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 44(5), 356-356.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Benton, S., Surtees, R., Lees, A., Thompson, E., Giovannoni, G., Neville, B. (2002). Post-streptococcal autoimmune dystonia with isolated bilateral striatal necrosis. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 44(7), 485-489.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Surtees, R., Thompson, E., Giovannoni, G., Neville, B. (2002). Post-streptococcal autoimmune neuropsychiatric disease presenting as paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis. Movement Disorders, 17(4), 817-820.
  • Dale, R., Heyman, I. (2002). Post-streptococcal autoimmune psychiatric and movement disorders in children. British Journal of Psychiatry, 181(3), 188-190.
  • Derry, C., Dale, R., Thom, M., Miller, D., Giovannoni, G. (2002). Unihemispheric cerebral vasculitis mimicking Rasmussen's encephalitis - Scientific Notes. Neurology, 58(2), 327-328.
  • Reynolds, P., Dale, R., Cowan, F. (2001). Neonatal cranial ultrasound interpretation: a clinical audit. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition (e ADC - F and N), 84(2), F92-F95.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Cardoso, F., Goddard, E., Cox, T., Chong, W., Williams, A., Klein, N., Neville, B., Thompson, E., et al (2001). Poststreptococcal acute disseminated encephalomyelitis with basal ganglia involvement and auto-reactive antibasal ganglia antibodies. Annals of Neurology, 50(5), 588-595.

2014

  • Livingston, J., Lin, J., Dale, R., Gill, D., Brogan, P., Munnich, A., Kurian, M., Gonzalez-Martinez, V., De Goede, C., Falconer, A., et al (2014). A type I interferon signature identifies bilateral striatal necrosis due to mutations in ADAR1. Journal of Medical Genetics, 51(2), 76-82. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Tantsis, E., Merheb, V., Kumaran, R., Sinmaz, N., Pathmanandavel, K., Ramanathan, S., Booth, D., Wienholt, L., Prelog, K., Mathey, E., et al (2014). Antibodies to MOG have a demyelination phenotype and affect oligodendrocyte cytoskeleton. Neurology: Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation, 2014 (1), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Ramanathan, S., Mohammad, S., Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R. (2014). Autoimmune encephalitis: Recent updates and emerging challenges. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 21, 722-730. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Gardiner, A., Branson, J., Houlden, H. (2014). Benefit of carbamazepine in a patient with hemiplegic migraine associated with PRRT2 mutation. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 56(9), 910. [More Information]
  • Ramanathan, S., Bleasel, A., Parratt, J., Orr, C., Dale, R., Vincent, A., Fung, V. (2014). Characterisation of a syndrome of autoimmune adult onset focal epilepsy and encephalitis. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 21(7), 1169-1175. [More Information]
  • Meneret, A., Depienne, C., Riant, F., Trouillard, O., Bouteiller, D., Cincotta, M., Bitoun, P., Wickert, J., Lagroua, I., Westenberger, A., Dale, R., et al (2014). Congenital mirror movements: Mutational analysis of RAD51 and DCC in 26 cases. Neurology, 82(22), 1999-2002. [More Information]
  • Rice, G., del Toro Duany, Y., Jenkinson, E., Forte, G., Anderson, B., Ariaudo, G., Bader-Meunier, B., Baildam, E., Battini, R., Beresford, M., Dale, R., Menezes, M., et al (2014). Gain-of-function mutations in IFIH1 cause a spectrum of human disease phenotypes associated with upregulated type I interferon signaling. Nature Genetics, 46(5), 503-509. [More Information]
  • Mohammad, S., Sinclair, K., Pillai, S., Merheb, V., Aumann, T., Gill, D., Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F. (2014). Herpes simplex encephalitis relapse with chorea is associated with autoantibodies to N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor or dopamine-2 receptor. Movement Disorders, 29(1), 117-122. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Duffy, L., Twilt, M., Waldman, A., Narula, S., Muscal, E., Deiva, K., Andersen, E., Eyre, M., et al (2014). Utility and safety of rituximab in pediatric autoimmune and inflammatory CNS disease. Neurology, 83, 142-150. [More Information]

2013

  • Rice, G., Forte, G., Szynkiewicz, M., Chase, D., Aeby, A., Abdel-Hamid, M., Ackroyd, S., Allcock, R., Bailey, K., Balottin, U., Dale, R., et al (2013). Assessment of interferon-related biomarkers in Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome associated with mutations in TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, SAMHD1, and ADAR: a case-control study. Lancet Neurology, 12(12), 1159-1169. [More Information]
  • Pathmanandavel, K., Starling, J., Dale, R., Brilot, F. (2013). Autoantibodies and the immune hypothesis in psychotic brain diseases: challenges and perspectives. Clinical & Developmental Immunology, 2013, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Suleiman, J., Wright, S., Gill, D., Brilot-Turville, F., Waters, P., Peacock, K., Procopis, P., Nibber, A., Vincent, A., Dale, R., et al (2013). Autoantibodies to neuronal antigens in children with new-onset seizures classified according to the revised ILAE organization of seizures and epilepsies. Epilepsia, 54(12), 2091-2100. [More Information]
  • Mohammad, S., Ramanathan, S., Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R. (2013). Autoantibody-Associated Movement Disorders. Neuropediatrics, 44(6), 336-345. [More Information]
  • Suleiman, J., Brilot-Turville, F., Lang, B., Vincent, A., Dale, R. (2013). Autoimmune epilepsy in children: case series and proposed guidelines for identification. Epilepsia, 54(6), 1036-1045. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Pillai, S., Brilot-Turville, F. (2013). Cerebrospinal fluid CD19(+) B-cell expansion in N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 55(2), 191-193. [More Information]
  • Sinclair, A., Wienholt, L., Tantsis, E., Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R. (2013). Clinical association of intrathecal and mirrored oligoclonal bands in paediatric neurology. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 55(1), 71-75. [More Information]
  • Johnson, A., Dale, R., Wienholt, L., Hadjivassiliou, M., Aeschlimann, D., Lawson, J. (2013). Coeliac disease, epilepsy, and cerebral calcifications: association with TG6 autoantibodies. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 55(1), 90-93. [More Information]
  • Mayer, M., Breithaupt, C., Reindl, M., Schanda, K., Rostasy, K., Berger, T., Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Olsson, T., Jenne, D., et al (2013). Distinction and temporal stability of conformational epitopes on myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein recognized by patients with different inflammatory central nervous system diseases. The Journal of Immunology, 191(7), 3594-3604. [More Information]
  • Amatoury, M., Merheb, V., Langer, J., Wang, X., Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F. (2013). High-throughput Flow Cytometry Cell-based Assay to Detect Antibodies to N-Methyl-D-aspartate Receptor or Dopamine-2 Receptor in Human Serum. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 2013 (81), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Dale, R. (2013). Immune-mediated extrapyramidal movement disorders, including Sydenham chorea. In Olivier Dulac, Maryse Lassonde, Harvey B Sarnat (Eds.), Pediatric Neurology: Part II (Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 3rd series vol 112), (pp. 1235-1241). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier B.V.
  • Krupp, L., Tardieu, M., Amato, M., Banwell, B., Chitnis, T., Dale, R., Ghezzi, A., Hintzen, R., Kornberg, A., Pohl, D., et al (2013). International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group criteria for pediatric multiple sclerosis and immune-mediated central nervous system demyelinating disorders: revisions to the 2007 definitions. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 19(10), 1261-1267. [More Information]
  • McMichael, G., Haan, E., Gardner, A., Yap, T., Thompson, S., Ouvrier, R., Dale, R., Gecz, J., MacLennan, A. (2013). NKX2-1 mutation in a family diagnosed with ataxic dyskinetic cerebral palsy. European Journal of Medical Genetics, 56(9), 506-509. [More Information]
  • Dale, R. (2013). Paediatric MS is the same disease as adult MS: Commentary. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 19(10), 1259-1260. [More Information]
  • Tantsis, E., Prelog, K., Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R. (2013). Risk of multiple sclerosis after a first demyelinating syndrome in an Australian Paediatric cohort: clinical, radiological features and application of the McDonald 2010 MRI criteria. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 19(13), 1749-1759. [More Information]
  • Van Haren, K., Tomooka, B., Kidd, B., Banwell, B., Bar-Or, A., Chitnis, T., Tenembaum, S., Pohl, D., Rostasy, K., Dale, R., et al (2013). Serum autoantibodies to myelin peptides distinguish acute disseminated encephalomyelitis from relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 19(13), 1726-1733. [More Information]
  • Troedson, C., Wong, M., Dalby-Payne, J., Wilson, M., Dexter, M., Rice, G., Crow, Y., Dale, R. (2013). Systemic lupus erythematosus due to C1q deficiency with progressive encephalopathy, intracranial calcification and acquired moyamoya cerebral vasculopathy. Lupus, 22(6), 639-643. [More Information]

2012

  • Dale, R., Merheb, V., Pillai, S., Wang, D., Cantrill, L., Murphy, T., Ben-Pazi, H., Varadkar, S., Aumann, T., Horne, M., Brilot-Turville, F., et al (2012). Antibodies to surface dopamine-2 receptor in autoimmune movement and psychiatric disorders. Brain, 135(Pt 11), 3453-3468. [More Information]
  • Fung, E., Tsung, L., Dale, R. (2012). Aquaporin-4 autoantibody: A neurogenic cause of anorexia and weight loss. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 54(1), 45-47. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Banwell, B., Bar-Or, A., Brilot-Turville, F. (2012). Autoantibodies against aquaporin-4 and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein in paediatric CNS demyelination: Recent developments and future directions. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 1(3), 116-122. [More Information]
  • Seshia, S., Dale, R., Kirkham, F. (2012). Autoantibody associated disorders of the CNS in children: the list keeps growing. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 39(2), 129-131. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F. (2012). Autoimmune Basal Ganglia disorders. Journal of Child Neurology, 27(11), 1470-1481. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Gardiner, A., Antony, J., Houlden, H. (2012). Familial PRRT2 mutation with heterogeneous paroxysmal disorders including paroxysmal torticollis and hemiplegic migraine. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 54(10), 958-960. [More Information]
  • Banwell, B., Dale, R. (2012). Lymphohistiocytosis in the brain: recognition of a potentially reversible aspect of primary HLH. Neurology, 78(15), 1114-1115. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Grattan-Smith, P., Nicholson, M., Peters, G. (2012). Microdeletions detected using chromosome microarray in children with suspected genetic movement disorders: a single-centre study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 54(7), 618-623. [More Information]
  • Khandaker, G., Zurynski, Y., Buttery, J., Marshall, H., Richmond, P., Dale, R., Royle, J., Gold, M., Snelling, T., Whitehead, B., Jones, C., Heron, L., Macartney, K., Elliott, E., Booy, R., et al (2012). Neurologic complications of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09: Surveillance in 6 pediatric hospitals. Neurology, 79(14), 1474-1481. [More Information]
  • Gardiner, A., Bhatia, K., Stamelou, M., Dale, R., Kurian, M., Schneider, S., Wali, G., Counihan, T., Schapira, A., Spacey, S., et al (2012). PRRT2 gene mutations: From paroxysmal dyskinesia to episodic ataxia and hemiplegic migraine. Neurology, 79(21), 2115-2121. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Lang, B., Brilot-Turville, F., Polfrit, Y., Smith, G., Wong, M. (2012). Treatment-responsive pandysautonomia in an adolescent with ganglionic α3-AChR antibodies. European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 16(4), 396-398. [More Information]

2011

  • Pröbstel, A., Dornmair, K., Bittner, R., Sperl, P., Jenne, D., Magalhaes, S., Villalobos, A., Breithaupt, C., WeWeissert, R., Jacob, U., Brilot-Turville, F., Tantsis, E., Dale, R., et al (2011). Antibodies to MOG are transient in childhood acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Neurology, 77(6), 580-588. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Yin, K., Ding, A., Merheb, V., Varadkhar, S., McKay, D., Singh-Grewal, D., Brilot-Turville, F. (2011). Antibody binding to neuronal surface in movement disorders associated with lupus and antiphospholipid antibodies. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53(6), 522-528. [More Information]
  • Brilot-Turville, F., Merheb, V., Ding, A., Murphy, T., Dale, R. (2011). Antibody binding to neuronal surface in Sydenham chorea, but not in PANDAS or Tourette syndrome. Neurology, 76(17), 1508-1513. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Tantsis, E., Merheb, V., Brilot-Turville, F. (2011). Cerebrospinal fluid B-cell expansion in longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis associated with neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53(9), 856-860. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Grattan-Smith, P., Fung, V., Peters, G. (2011). Clinical/Scientific notes. Neurology, 77(14), 1401-1402. [More Information]
  • Illingworth, M., Hanrahan, D., Anderson, C., O'Kane, K., Anderson, J., Casey, M., de Sousa, C., Cross, J., Wright, S., Dale, R., et al (2011). Elevated VGKC-complex antibodies in a boy with fever-induced refractory epileptic encephalopathy in school-age children (FIRES). Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53, 1053-1057. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Nasti, J., Peters, G. (2011). Familial 7q21.3 microdeletion involving epsilon-sarcoglycan causing myoclonus dystonia, cognitive impairment, and psychosis. Movement Disorders, 26(9), 1774-1775. [More Information]
  • Suleiman, J., Brenner, T., Gill, D., Troedson, C., Sinclair, A., Brilot-Turville, F., Vincent, A., Lang, B., Dale, R. (2011). Immune-mediated steroid-responsive epileptic spasms and epileptic encephalopathy associated with VGKC-complex antibodies. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53(11), 1058-1060. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Grattan-Smith, P., Fung, V., Peters, G. (2011). Infantile convulsions and paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia with 16p11.2 microdeletion. Neurology, 77(14), 1401-1402. [More Information]
  • Lo, H., Bertini, E., Mirabella, M., Domazetovska, A., Dale, R., Petrini, S., D'Amico, A., Valente, E., Barresi, R., Roberts, M., Cooper, S., North, K., et al (2011). Mosaic Caveolin-3 Expression in Acquired Rippling Muscle Disease Without Evidence of Myasthenia Gravis or Acetylcholine Receptor Autoantibodies. Neuromuscular Disorders, 21(3), 194-203. [More Information]
  • Banwell, B., Bar-Or, A., Giovannoni, G., Dale, R., Tardieu, M. (2011). Therapies for multiple sclerosis: considerations in the pediatric patient. Nature Reviews Neurology, 7(2), 109-122. [More Information]
  • Suleiman, J., Brenner, T., Gill, D., Brilot-Turville, F., Antony, J., Vincent, A., Lang, B., Dale, R. (2011). VGKC antibodies in pediatric encephalitis presenting with status epilepticus. Neurology, 76(14), 1252-1255. [More Information]

2010

  • Dale, R., Singh, H., Troedson, C., Pillai, S., Gaikiwari, S., Kozlowska, K. (2010). A prospective study of acute movement disorders in children. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, (10.1111/j.1469-8749.2009.03598.x), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Chan, S., Wong, V., Fung, C., Dale, R., Vincent, A. (2010). Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with atypical brain changes on MRI. Pediatric Neurology, 43(4), 274-278. [More Information]
  • Selter, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Grummel, V., Kraus, V., Cepok, S., Dale, R., Hemmer, B. (2010). Antibody responses to EBV and native MOG in pediatric inflammatory demyelinating CNS diseases. Neurology, 74(21), 1711-1715. [More Information]
  • Vincent, A., Dale, R. (2010). Autoimmune Channelopathies and Other Antibody-Associated Neurological Disorders. In Russell C Dale, Angela Vincent (Eds.), Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children, (pp. 365-387). London: Mac Keith Press.
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F. (2010). Biomarkers of inflammatory and auto-immune central nervous system disorders. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 22(6), 718-725. [More Information]
  • Mikaeloff, Y., Dale, R., Tardieu, M. (2010). Childhood Multiple Sclerosis. In Russell C Dale, Angela Vincent (Eds.), Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children, (pp. 48-64). London: Mac Keith Press.
  • Pillai, S., Gill, D., Webster, R., Howman-Giles, R., Dale, R. (2010). Cortical Hypometabolism Demonstrated by PET in Relapsing NMDA Receptor Encephalitis. Pediatric Neurology, 43(3), 217-220. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Gornall, H., Singh-Grewal, D., Alcausin, M., Rice, G., Crow, Y. (2010). Familial Aicardi–Goutières Syndrome Due to SAMHD1 Mutations Is Associated With Chronic Arthropathy and Contractures. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A, 152A (4), 938-942. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Melchers, A., Fung, V., Grattan-Smith, P., Houlden, H., Earl, J. (2010). Familial paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia: atypical presentation of autosomal dominant GTP-cyclohydrolase 1 deficiency. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 52(6), 583-586. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Tenembaum, S. (2010). New International Definitions for Central Nervous System Demyelination Syndromes in Children. In Russell C Dale, Angela Vincent (Eds.), Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children, (pp. 14-19). London: Mac Keith Press.
  • Dale, R. (2010). Other Immune-Mediated Extrapyramidal Movement Disorders. In Russell C Dale, Angela Vincent (Eds.), Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children, (pp. 174-189). London: Mac Keith Press.
  • Evesson, F., Peat, R., Lek, A., Brilot-Turville, F., Lo, H., Dale, R., Parton, R., North, K., Cooper, S. (2010). Reduced Plasma Membrane Expression of Dysferlin Mutants Is Attributed to Accelerated Endocytosis via a Syntaxin-4-associated Pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285(37), 28529-28539. [More Information]
  • Webster, R., Hazelton, B., Suleiman, J., Macartney, K., Kesson, A., Dale, R. (2010). Severe encephalopathy with swine origin influenza A H1N1 infection in childhood: case reports. Neurology, 74(13), 1077-1078. [More Information]

2009

  • Brilot-Turville, F., Dale, R., Selter, R., Grummel, V., Reddy Kalluri, S., Aslam, M., Busch, V., Zhou, D., Cepok, S., Hemmer, B. (2009). Antibodies to native myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein in children with inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system disease. Annals of Neurology, 66(6), 833-842. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Fagan, E., Earl, J. (2009). Cerebrospinal fluid neopterin in paediatric neurology: a marker of active central nervous system inflammation. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 51(4), 317-323. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Dale, R., Gilbert, D., Giovannoni, G., Leckman, J. (2009). Immunopathogenic mechanisms in tourette syndrome: A critical review. Movement Disorders, 24(9), 1267-1279. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Irani, S., Brilot-Turville, F., Pillai, S., Webster, R., Gill, D., Lang, B., Vincent, A. (2009). N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antibodies in pediatric dyskinetic encephalitis lethargica. Annals of Neurology, 66(5), 704-709. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Brilot-Turville, F., Banwell, B. (2009). Pediatric central nervous system inflammatory demyelination: acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, clinically isolated syndromes, neuromyelitis optica, and multiple sclerosis. Current Opinion In Neurology, 22(3), 233-240. [More Information]

2008

  • Dale, R. (2008). Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: where does it start and where does it stop? Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 50, 326-327. [More Information]
  • Troedson, C., Gill, D., Dale, R. (2008). Emergence of Acute Necrotising Encephalopathy in Australia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 44, 599-601. [More Information]
  • Branson, J., Dale, R. (2008). Transient bilateral blindness and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: A rare complication of enuresis treatment. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 44, 380-382. [More Information]

2007

  • Martino, D., Defazio, G., Church, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G., Robertson, M., Orth, M. (2007). Antineuronal Antibody Status and Phenotype Analysis in Tourette's Syndrome. Movement Disorders, 22(10), 1424-1429. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Webster, R., Gill, D. (2007). Contemporary Encephalitis Lethargica Presenting with Agitated Catatonia, Stereotypy, and Dystonia-Parkinsonism. Movement Disorders, 22(15), 2281-2284. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Pillai, S. (2007). Early relapse risk after a first CNS inflammatory demyelination episode: examining international consensus definitions. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 49(12), 887-893. [More Information]
  • Chapman, M., Thompson, E., Candler, P., Dale, R., Church, A., Giovannoni, G. (2007). Quantitative demonstration of intrathecal synthesis of high affinity immunoglobulin G in herpes simplex encephalitis using affinity-mediated immunoblotting. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 185, 130-135. [More Information]
  • O’Connor, K., McLaughlin, K., De Jager, P., Chitnis, T., Bettelli, E., Xu, C., Robinson, W., Cherry, S., Bar-Or, A., Banwell, B., Dale, R., et al (2007). Self-antigen tetramers discriminate between myelin autoantibodies to native or denatured protein. Nature Medicine, 13(2), 211-217. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Candler, P., Chapman, M., Martino, D., Giovannoni, G., Singer, H., Hong, J., Yusuf, S., Williams, P., et al (2007). Serum autoantibodies do not differentiate PANDAS and Tourette syndrome from controls. Neurology, 66, 1612.

2006

  • Dale, R., Candler, P., Church, A., Wait, R., Pocock, J., Giovannoni, G. (2006). Neuronal surface glycolytic enzymes are autoantigen targets in post-streptococcal autoimmune CNS disease. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 172(1-2), 187-197. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Dale, R. (2006). Post-streptococcal autoimmune brain disorders. In Timothy J. David (Eds.), Recent Advances in Paediatrics 23, (pp. 17-32). UK and US: Royal Society of Medicine Press Ltd.
  • Candler, P., Dale, R., Griffin, S., Church, A., Wait, R., Chapman, M., Keir, G., Giovannoni, G., Rees, J. (2006). Post-streptococcal opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome associated with anti-neuroleukin antibodies. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 77(4), 507-512. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Candler, P., Chapman, M., Martino, D., Giovannoni, G. (2006). Serum autoantibodies do not differentiate PANDAS and Tourette syndrome from controls. Neurology, 66(10), 1612-1612.

2005

  • Dale, R., Branson, J. (2005). Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis or multiple sclerosis: can the initial presentation help in establishing a correct diagnosis? - review. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90(6), 636. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Church, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G. (2005). Antibasal ganglia antibodies and PANDAS. Movement Disorders, 20(1), 116-117. [More Information]
  • Wills, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G. (2005). Gluten Ataxia and Post-Streptococcal Central Nervous System Syndromes: Emerging Immune-mediated Disorders of the Central Nervous System? Current Treatment Options in Neurology, 7(3), 183-189. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Heyman, I., Giovannoni, G., Church, A. (2005). Incidence of anti-brain antibodies in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187(4), 314-319. [More Information]
  • Dale, R. (2005). Post-streptococcal autoimmune disorders of the central nervous system. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 47(11), 785-791. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Church, A. (2005). Post-streptococcal neuropsychiatric disease: Sydenham's chorea and beyond. In S. Hossein Fatemi (Eds.), Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Infection, (pp. 154-161). United Kingdom: Taylor and Francis.
  • Martino, D., Branson, J., Church, A., Candler, P., Livrea, P., Giovannoni, G., Dale, R. (2005). Soluble adhesion molecules in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Pediatric Neurology, 33(4), 255-258. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Church, A., Defazio, G., Dale, R., Quinn, N., Robertson, M., Livrea, P., Orth, M., Giovannoni, G. (2005). Soluble adhesion molecules in Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 234(1-2), 79-85. [More Information]
  • Martino, D., Tanner, A., Defazio, G., Church, A., Bhatia, K., Giovannoni, G., Dale, R. (2005). Tracing Sydenham's chorea: historical documents from a British paediatric hospital. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90(5), 507-511. [More Information]

2004

  • Edwards, M., Dale, R., Church, A., Giovannoni, G., Bhatia, K. (2004). A dystonic syndrome associated with anti-basal ganglia antibodies. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 75(6), 914-916.
  • Edwards, M., Dale, R., Church, A., Trikouli, E., Quinn, N., Lees, A., Giovannoni, G., Bhatia, K. (2004). Adult-onset tic disorder, motor stereotypies and behavioural disturbance associated with antibasal ganglia antibodies. Movement Disorders, 19(10), 1190-1196. [More Information]
  • Edwards, M., Trikouli, E., Martino, D., Bozi, M., Dale, R., Church, A., Schrag, A., Lees, A., Quinn, N., Giovannoni, G., et al (2004). Anti-basal ganglia antibodies in patients with atypical dystonia and tics: a prospective study. Neurology, 63(1), 156-158.
  • Church, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G. (2004). Anti-basal ganglia antibodies: a possible diagnostic utility in idiopathic movement disorders? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89(7), 611-614.
  • Martino, D., Church, A., Dale, R., Giovannoni, G. (2004). Antibasal ganglia antibodies and PANDAS - Letter to the Editor. Movement Disorders, (published online Sept 20, 2004).
  • Leger, G., Johnson, N., Horowitz, S., Dale, R., Church, A., Mesulam, M. (2004). Dementia-like presentation of striatal hypermetabolic state with antistriatal antibodies responsive to steroids. JAMA Neurology, 61(5), 754-757. [More Information]
  • Dale, R., Heyman, I., Surtees, R., Church, A., Giovannoni, G., Goodman, R., Neville, B. (2004). Dyskinesias and associated psychiatric disorders following streptococcal infections. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89(7), 604-610.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Surtees, R., Lees, A., Adcock, J., Harding, B., Neville, B., Giovannoni, G. (2004). Encephalitis lethargica syndrome: 20 new cases and evidence of basal ganglia autoimmunity. Brain, 127(1), 21-33.
  • Candler, P., Dale, R. (2004). Three cases of Central Nervous System complications associated with mycoplasma pneumoniae. Pediatric Neurology, 31(2), 133-138.

2003

  • Dale, R. (2003). Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 14(2), 90-95.
  • Dale, R. (2003). Autoimmunity and the basal ganglia: new insights into old diseases - review. QJM, 96(3), 183-191.
  • Dale, R. (2003). Childhood opsoclonus myoclonus. Lancet Neurology, 2(5), 270-270.
  • Church, A., Dale, R., Cardoso, F., Candler, P., Chapman, M., Allen, M., Klein, N., Lees, A., Giovannoni, G. (2003). CSF and serum immune parameters in Sydenham's chorea: evidence of an autoimmune syndrome? Journal of Neuroimmunology, 136(1-2), 149-153.
  • Dale, R., Morovat, A. (2003). Interleukin-6 and oligoclonal IgG synthesis in children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Neuropediatrics: journal of pediatric neurobiology, neurology and neurosurgery, 34(3), 141-145.
  • Lang, B., Dale, R., Vincent, A. (2003). New autoantibody mediated disorders of the central nervous system - Review. Current Opinion In Neurology, 16(3), 351-357.
  • Ben-pazi, H., Livne, A., Shapira, Y., Dale, R. (2003). Parkinsonian features after streptococcal Pharyngitis. The Journal of Pediatrics, 143(2), 267-269.
  • Dale, R. (2003). Streptococcus pyogenes and the brain: living with the enemy. Revista de Neurologia, 37(1), 92-97.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Heyman, I. (2003). Striatal encephalitis after Varicella Zoster infection complicated by Tourettism. Movement Disorders, 18(12), 1554-1556. [More Information]
  • Church, A., Dale, R., Lees, A., Giovannoni, G., Robertson, M. (2003). Tourette's syndrome: a cross sectional study to examine the PANDAS hypothesis. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 74(5), 602-607.

2002

  • Church, A., Cardoso, F., Dale, R., Lees, A., Thompson, E., Giovannoni, G. (2002). Anti-basal ganglia antibodies in acute and persistent Sydenham's chorea. Neurology, 59(2), 227-231.
  • Church, A., Dale, R. (2002). Antistreptolysin-O titers: implications for adult PANDAS. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(2), 320-320.
  • Church, A., Dale, R. (2002). Antistreptolysin-O titers: implications for adult PANDAS - Letter to the Editor. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(2), 320-320.
  • Hartley, L., Ng, S., Dale, R., Church, A., Martinez, A., de Sousa, C. (2002). Immune mediated chorea encephalopathy syndrome in childhood. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 44(4), 273-277.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Wyatt, M., Sharma, S., Chong, W., Cox, T. (2002). Normal MRI neuroimaging and acute dancing eyes syndrome. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 44(5), 356-356.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Benton, S., Surtees, R., Lees, A., Thompson, E., Giovannoni, G., Neville, B. (2002). Post-streptococcal autoimmune dystonia with isolated bilateral striatal necrosis. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 44(7), 485-489.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Surtees, R., Thompson, E., Giovannoni, G., Neville, B. (2002). Post-streptococcal autoimmune neuropsychiatric disease presenting as paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis. Movement Disorders, 17(4), 817-820.
  • Dale, R., Heyman, I. (2002). Post-streptococcal autoimmune psychiatric and movement disorders in children. British Journal of Psychiatry, 181(3), 188-190.
  • Derry, C., Dale, R., Thom, M., Miller, D., Giovannoni, G. (2002). Unihemispheric cerebral vasculitis mimicking Rasmussen's encephalitis - Scientific Notes. Neurology, 58(2), 327-328.

2001

  • Reynolds, P., Dale, R., Cowan, F. (2001). Neonatal cranial ultrasound interpretation: a clinical audit. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition (e ADC - F and N), 84(2), F92-F95.
  • Dale, R., Church, A., Cardoso, F., Goddard, E., Cox, T., Chong, W., Williams, A., Klein, N., Neville, B., Thompson, E., et al (2001). Poststreptococcal acute disseminated encephalomyelitis with basal ganglia involvement and auto-reactive antibasal ganglia antibodies. Annals of Neurology, 50(5), 588-595.

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