Associate Professor Stacy Carter

Deputy Director
Centre for Values, Ethics and the Law in Medicine (VELiM)
Sydney School of Public Health

Honorary Research Fellow
School of Medicine and Dentistry
University of Aberdeen

Cancer research network

Telephone +61 2 9036 3407
Fax +61 2 9036 3436

Website VELiM Website
Publications via Google Scholar
The Cancer Screening Ethics Study

Map

Research interests

I work on the ethics of public health, especially the ethics of cancer screening, health promotion and social marketing. At present I am particularly focused on paternalism in health promotion, and overdiagnosis and overtreatment. I am a qualitative researcher, and supervise a range of empirical public health ethics projects. I also write methodology for qualitative research, and have a particular interest and expertise in grounded theory.

Teaching and supervision

Qualitative methodology

Public Health Ethics

Current research students

Project title Research student
The benefits and harms of mammography screening in Australia Gemma JACKLYN

Selected grants

2016

  • Creating sustainable healthcare: ensuring new diagnostics avoid harms, improve outcomes, and direct resources wisely; Barratt A, Glasziou P, McCaffery K, Carter S, Kerridge I, Doust J, Moynihan R, Semsarian C, Elshaug A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Centres for Research Excellence.

2012

  • The natural history of unassisted smoking cessation in Australia; Dunlop S, Chapman S, Carter S, Freeman B; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • The ethics of prevention and health promotion; Carter S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Career Development Fellowships.
  • Evaluating cancer screening: context, evidence, values and ethics; Carter S, Rychetnik L, Barratt A, Kerridge I, Degeling C; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2011

  • Qualitative research and health: cohering substantive theory and delivering new methodology.; Carter S; DVC Research/Thompson Fellowships.

2010

  • Process analysis of the Monitor Practice Program Implementation; Sbaraini A, Evans W, Blinkhorn A, Carter S; Australian Dental Association Inc/Research Support.
  • Reconceptualising health promotion: the role of values, ethics and evidence in obesity; Carter S, Hooker C, Kerridge I, Rychetnik L; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Implementation and sustainability of non-surgical intervention for dental caries in general dental practice; Evans W, Blinkhorn A, Carter S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2009

  • Developing clinical ethics capacity in NSW through partnership; Jordens C, Hu W, Cheung P, Hooker C, Mills C, Stewart C, Walters W, Thackway S, Clout T, Kerridge I, Letts J, Mitchell J, Carter S, Little J; Health Administration Corporation/Research Support.

2008

  • The Monitor Dental Practice Program: an evaluation of the implementation process; Carter S, Sbaraini A, Curtis B, Howe E, Schwarz E, Evans W; Dental Board of NSW/Research Support.

2007

  • A qualitative study of the experience of multiple myeloma; Carter S, Jordens C, Kerridge I; Cancer Council New South Wales/Research Project Grants.
  • How do lay people understand the risk of developing cancer A qualitative study using grounded theory procedures.; Carter S, Ankeny R, Kerridge I, Komesaroff P, Hu W, McCaffery K, Jordens C, Hooker C, Thomas S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Deconstructing DTCA: Towards a differentiated policy response to Direct-to-Consumer Advertising in Australia; Kerridge I, Cameron S, Komesaroff P, Jordens C, Ankeny R, Carter S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Toward a Best Practice of Emerging Technologies: PGD and HLA Typing for Paediatric Transplantation; Strong K, Ankeny R, O'Brien T, Shaw P, Jordens C, O'Brien T, Carter S, Kerridge I; Cancer Council New South Wales/Research Project Grants.
  • Difficult Decisions: a critical analysis of consent to high-risk medical procedures; Kerridge I, Stewart C, Jordens C, Carter S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Book Chapters

  • Parker, L., Carter, S. (2016). Ethical and Societal Considerations in Breast Cancer Screening. In Nehmat Houssami and Diana Miglioretti (Eds.), Breast Cancer Screening: An Examination of Scientific Evidence, (pp. 347-374). London: Academic Press. [More Information]
  • McCaffery, K., Jacklyn, G., Barratt, A., Brodersen, J., Glasziou, P., Carter, S., Hicks, N., Howard, K., Irwig, L. (2015). Recommendations about screening. In G. Guyatt, D. Rennie, M.O. Meade, & D. Cook (Eds.), Users' Guides to the Medical Literature, (pp. 593-608). New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2014). How to Do a Grounded Theory Study: A Worked Example of a Study of Oental Practices. In Adele E. Clarke and Kathy Charmaz (Eds.), Grounded Theory and Situational Analysis, (pp. 241-256). London: Sage Publications.
  • Carter, S., Kerridge, I., Rychetnik, L., King, L. (2012). The ethical implications of intervening in bodyweight. In Louise A. Baur, Stephen M. Twigg, Roger S.Magnusson (Eds.), A Modern Epidemic: Expert Perspectives on Obesity and Diabetes, (pp. 191-206). Sydney, Australia: Sydney University Press.
  • Carter, S. (2010). Enacting Internal Coherence: As a Path to Quality in Qualitative Inquiry. In J Higgs, N Cherry, R Macklin and R Ajjawi (Eds.), Researching Practice: A Discourse on Qualitative Methodologies, (pp. 143-151). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

Journals

  • Pickles, K., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L., McCaffery, K., Entwistle, V. (2016). General Practitioners' Experiences of, and Responses to, Uncertainty in Prostate Cancer Screening: Insights from a Qualitative Study. PloS One, 11(4), 1-15. [More Information]
  • Jansen, J., Naganathan, V., Carter, S., McLachlan, A., Nickel, B., Irwig, L., Bonner, C., Doust, J., Colvin, J., Heaney, A., McCaffery, K., et al (2016). Too much medicine in older people? Deprescribing through shared decision making. BMJ, 353, 1-6. [More Information]
  • McCaffery, K., Jansen, J., Scherer, L., Thornton, H., Hersch, J., Carter, S., Barratt, A., Sheridan, S., Moynihan, R., Pickles, K., et al (2016). Walking the tightrope: communicating overdiagnosis in modern healthcare. BMJ, 352, 1-5. [More Information]
  • Degeling, C., Rychetnik, L., Pickles, K., Thomas, R., Doust, J., Gardiner, R., Glasziou, P., Newson, A., Carter, S. (2015). "What should happen before asymptomatic men decide whether or not to have a PSA test?" A report on three community juries. Medical Journal of Australia, 203(8), 335.e1-335.e6. [More Information]
  • Pickles, K., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2015). Doctors' approaches to PSA testing and overdiagnosis in primary healthcare: A qualitative study. BMJ Open, 5(3), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Braunack-Mayer, A., Carter, S. (2015). Ethics and health promotion: Research, theory, policy and practice. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 26(3), 165-166. [More Information]
  • Li, V., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2015). Evidence valued and used by health promotion practitioners. Health Education Research, 30(2), 193-205. [More Information]
  • Parker, L., Rychetnik, L., Carter, S. (2015). Framing overdiagnosis in breast screening: A qualitative study with Australian experts. BMC Cancer, 15(1), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Braunack-Mayer, A., Jancey, J. (2015). Health promotion practice, research ethics and publishing in the Health Promotion Journal of Australia. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 26(3), 167-169. [More Information]
  • Klinner, C., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L., Li, V., Daley, M., Zask, A., Lloyd, B. (2015). Integrating relationship- and research-based approaches in Australian health promotion practice. Health Promotion International, 30(4), 891-902. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Entwistle, V., Little, J. (2015). Relational conceptions of paternalism: A way to rebut nanny-state accusations and evaluate public health interventions. Public Health, 129(8), 1021-1029. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Williams, J., Parker, L., Pickles, K., Jacklyn, G., Rychetnik, L., Barratt, A. (2015). Screening for Cervical, Prostate, and Breast Cancer: Interpreting the Evidence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 49(2), 274-285. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Rogers, W., Heath, I., Degeling, C., Doust, J., Barratt, A. (2015). The challenge of overdiagnosis begins with its definition. BMJ, 350, 1-5. [More Information]
  • Carter, S. (2015). The ethics of menu labelling. Public Health Ethics, 8(1), 94-97. [More Information]
  • Parker, L., Rychetnik, L., Carter, S. (2015). The role of communication in breast cancer screening: A qualitative study with Australian experts. BMC Cancer, 15(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Smith, A., Carter, S., Dunlop, S., Freeman, B., Chapman, S. (2015). The views and experiences of smokers who quit smoking unassisted. A systematic review of the qualitative evidence. PloS One, 10(5), 1-18. [More Information]
  • Parker, L., Rychetnik, L., Carter, S. (2015). Values in breast cancer screening: an empirical study with Australian experts. BMJ Open, 5(5), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Degeling, C., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2015). Which public and why deliberate? - A scoping review of public deliberation in public health and health policy research. Social Science & Medicine, 131, 114-121. [More Information]
  • Smith, A., Carter, S., Chapman, S., Dunlop, S., Freeman, B. (2015). Why do smokers try to quit without medication or counselling? A qualitative study with ex-smokers. BMJ Open, 5(4), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Williams, J., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2014). 'Organised' cervical screening 45 years on: How consistent are organised screening practices? European Journal of Cancer, 50(17), 3029-3038. [More Information]
  • Carter, S. (2014). Health promotion: an ethical analysis. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 25(1), 19-24. [More Information]
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Carter, S., Salkeld, G., Trevena, L. (2014). Incorporating evidence and politics in health policy: can institutionalising evidence review make a difference? Evidence and Policy, 10(3), 439-455. [More Information]
  • Williams, J., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2014). Information provision in cervical screening in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 201(5), 295-297. [More Information]
  • Haynes, A., Brennan, S., Carter, S., O'Connor, D., Huckel Schneider, C., Turner, T., Gallego, G. (2014). Protocol for the process evaluation of a complex intervention designed to increase the use of research in health policy and program organisations (the SPIRIT study). Implementation Science, 9(1), 1-12. [More Information]
  • Williamson, A., Redman, S., Haynes, A., Barker, D., Jorm, L., Green, S., Blyth, F., Lewis, N., Shakeshaft, A., D'Este, C., et al (2014). Supporting Policy In health with Research: an Intervention Trial (SPIRIT)—protocol for a stepped wedge trial. BMJ Open, 4, 1-11. [More Information]
  • Binns, C., Howat, P., Jancey, J., Carter, S. (2014). The Surgeon General's 'Smoking and Health': a continuing challenge. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 25(2), 69-70. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2013). A public health ethics approach to non-communicable diseases. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 10(1), 17-18. [More Information]
  • Rychetnik, L., Carter, S., Abelson, J., Thornton, H., Barratt, A., Entwistle, V., Mackenzie, G., Salkeld, G., Glasziou, P. (2013). Enhancing citizen engagement in cancer screening through deliberative democracy. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 105(6), 380-386. [More Information]
  • Rychetnik, L., Carter, S., Barratt, A., Irwig, L. (2013). Expanding the evidence on cancer screening: the value of scientific, social and ethical perspectives. Medical Journal of Australia, 198(10), 536-539. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2013). How do dentists and their teams incorporate evidence about preventive care? An empirical study. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 41(5), 401-414. [More Information]
  • Banbury, A., Zask, A., Carter, S., van Beurden, E., Tokley, R., Passey, M., Copeland, J. (2013). Smoking mull: A grounded theory model on the dynamics of combined tobacco and cannabis use among adult men. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 24(2), 143-150. [More Information]
  • Javanparast, S., Ward, P., Carter, S., Wilson, C. (2012). Barriers to and facilitators of colorectal cancer screening in different population subgroups in Adelaide, South Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 196(8), 521-523. [More Information]
  • Flitcroft, K., Irwig, L., Carter, S., Salkeld, G., Gillespie, J. (2012). Colorectal cancer screening: Why immunochemical fecal occult blood tests may be the best option. BMC Gastroenterology, 12(December), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2012). Experiences of dental care: what do patients value? BMC Health Services Research, 12(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W. (2012). How do dentists understand evidence and adopt it in practice? Health Education Journal, 71(2), 195-204. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Cribb, A., Allegrante, J. (2012). How to Think about Health Promotion Ethics. Public Health Reviews (Print): an international quarterly, 34(1), 122-145.
  • Mathieu, E., Barratt, A., Carter, S., Jamtvedt, G. (2012). Internet trials: participant experiences and perspectives. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 12, 1-16. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Kerridge, I., Sainsbury, P., Letts, J. (2012). Public health ethics: informing better public health practice. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 23(5-6), 101-106. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Klinner, C., Kerridge, I., Rychetnik, L., Li, V., Fry, D. (2012). The ethical commitments of health promotion practitioners: an empirical study from New South Wales, Australia. Public Health Ethics, 5(2), 128-139. [More Information]
  • Carter, S. (2012). What is health promotion ethics? Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 23(1), 4-4. [More Information]
  • Flitcroft, K., St John, D., Howard, K., Carter, S., Pignone, M., Salkeld, G., Trevena, L. (2011). A comparative case study of bowel cancer screening in the UK and Australia: evidence lost in translation? Journal of Medical Screening, 18(4), 193-203. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Hooker, C., Carter, S. (2011). Balance, Balancing, and Health. Qualitative Health Research, 21(5), 714-725. [More Information]
  • Forsyth, R., Scanlan, C., Carter, S., Jordens, C., Kerridge, I. (2011). Decision Making in a Crowded Room: the Relational Significance of Social Roles in Decisions to Proceed with Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation. Qualitative Health Research, 21(9), 1260-1272. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Rychetnik, L., Lloyd, B., Kerridge, I., Baur, L., Bauman, A., Hooker, C., Zask, A. (2011). Evidence, Ethics, and Values: A Framework for Health Promotion. American Journal of Public Health, 101(3), 465-472. [More Information]
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Salkeld, G., Carter, S., Trevena, L. (2011). Getting Evidence into Policy: The Need for Deliberative Strategies? Social Science and Medicine, 72, 1039-1046. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2011). How to do a grounded theory study: a worked example of a study of dental practices. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 11(128), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Kerridge, I., Carter, S., Little, J. (2011). Journal peer review in context: A qualitative study of the social and subjective dimensions of manuscript review in biomedical publishing. Social Science and Medicine, 72(7), 1056-1063. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Entwistle, V., McCaffery, K., Rychetnik, L. (2011). Shared Health Governance: The Potential Danger of Oppressive "Healthism". The American Journal of Bioethics, 11(7), 57-59. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Kerridge, I., Carter, S., Little, J. (2011). Should Biomedical Publishing Be 'Opened Up'? Towards a Values-Based Peer-Review Process. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 8(3), 267-280. [More Information]
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Carter, S., Trevena, L., Salkeld, G. (2011). When good evidence is not enough: the role of context in bowel cancer screening policy in New Zealand. Evidence and Policy: a journal of research, debate and practice, 7(3), 307-326. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Davey, H., Carter, S., Hooker, C., Hu, W. (2010). Beliefs and beyond: what can we learn from qualitative studies of lay people's understandings of cancer risk? Health Expectations, 13(2), 113-124. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Samuel, G., Kerridge, I., Day, R., Ankeny, R., Jordens, C., Komesaroff, P. (2010). Beyond Rhetoric in Debates About the Ethics of Marketing Prescription Medicines to Consumers: The Importance of Vulnerability in People, Situations, and Relationships. AJOB Primary Research, 1(1), 11-21. [More Information]
  • Javanparast, S., Ward, P., Young, G., Wilson, C., Carter, S., Misan, G., Cole, S., Jiwa, M., Tsourtos, G., Martini, A., et al (2010). How equitable are colorectal cancer screening programs which include FOBTs? A review of qualitative and quantitative studies. Preventive Medicine, 50(4), 165-172. [More Information]
  • Entwistle, V., Carter, S., Cribb, A., McCaffery, K. (2010). Supporting Patient Autonomy: The Importance of Clinician-patientRelationships. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25(7), 741-745.
  • Carter, S. (2009). Beware dichotomies and grand abstractions: attending to particularity and practice in empirical bioethics. The American Journal of Bioethics, 9, 76-77. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Ritchie, J., Sainsbury, P. (2009). Doing good qualitative research in public health: not as easy as it looks. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 20, 105-111. [More Information]
  • Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., Chadban, S., Walker, R., Harris, D., Carter, S., Hall, B., Hawley, C., Craig, J. (2009). Patients' Experiences and Perspectives of Living With CKD. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 53(4), 689-700. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Hooker, C., Davey, H. (2009). Writing Social Determinants Into and Out of Cancer Control: An Assessment of Policy Practice. Social Science and Medicine, 68(8), 1448-1455. [More Information]
  • Hooker, C., Carter, S., Davey, H. (2009). Writing the risk of cancer: cancer risk in public policy. Health, Risk and Society, 11(6), 541-560. [More Information]
  • Entwistle, V., Carter, S., Trevena, L., Flitcroft, K., Irwig, L., McCaffery, K., Salkeld, G. (2008). Communicating about screening. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 337(7673), 789-791. [More Information]
  • Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., Carter, S., Hall, B., Harris, D., Walker, R., Hawley, C., Chadban, S., Craig, J. (2008). Patients' priorities for health research: focus group study of patients with chronic kidney disease. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 23(10), 3206-3214. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Carter, S., Kerridge, I. (2008). The "EBM Movement": Where Did it Come From, Where is it Going, and Why Does it Matter? Social Epistemology, 22(4), 425-431. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Jordens, C., McGrath, C., Little, J. (2008). You Have to Make Something of All That Rubbish, Do You? An Empirical Investigation of the Social Process of Qualitative Research. Qualitative Health Research, 18(9), 1264-1276. [More Information]
  • Carter, S. (2007). BOOK REVIEW Review of Eric A Feldman and Ronald Bayer, Editors (2004) Unfiltered: Conflicts over Tobacco Policy and Public Health. Cambridge,. Unknown.
  • Carter, S., Little, J. (2007). Justifying knowledge, justifying method, taking action: epistemologies, methodologies and methods in qualitative research. Qualitative Health Research, 17(10), 1316-1328. [More Information]
  • Little, J., Jordens, C., McGrath, C., Montgomery, K., Kerridge, I., Carter, S. (2007). Pragmatic pluralism: Mutual tolerance of contested understandings between orthodox and alternative practitioners in autologous stem cell transplantation. Social Science and Medicine, 64(7), 1512-1523. [More Information]
  • Quine, S., Carter, S. (2006). Australian baby boomers' expectations and plans for their old age. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 25(1), 3-8.
  • Carter, S., Chapman, S. (2006). Smokers and non-smokers talk about regulatory options in tobacco control. Tobacco Control, 15(5), 398-404. [More Information]
  • Carter, S. (2005). BOOK REVIEW International Public Health: Patients' Rights versus the Protection of Patents. Health Sociology Review.
  • Carter, S. (2005). Tobacco document research reporting. Tobacco Control, 14(6), 368-376.
  • Chapman, S., Carter, S., Peters, M. (2003). "A deep fragrance of academia": the Australian Tobacco Research Foundation. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), 38-44.
  • Chapman, S., Byrne, F., Carter, S. (2003). "Australia is one of the darkest markets in the world": the global importance of Australian tobacco control. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), iii1-iii3.
  • Chapman, S., Carter, S. (2003). "Avoid health warnings on all tobacco products for just as long as we can": a history of Australian tobacco industry efforts to avoid, delay and dilute health warnings on cigarettes. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), iii13-iii22.
  • Carter, S. (2003). Cooperation and control: the Tobacco Institute of Australia. Tobacco Control, 12(supp3), 54-60.
  • Carter, S. (2003). From legitimate consumers to public relations pawns: the tobacco industry and young Australians. Tobacco Control, 12(supp 3), iii71-iii78.
  • Carter, S. (2003). Going below the line: creating transportable brands for Australia's dark market. Tobacco Control, 12(supp 3), iii87-iii94.
  • Carter, S. (2003). New frontier, new power: the retail environment in Australia’s dark market. Tobacco Control, 12(suppl 3), iii95-101.
  • Carter, S., Chapman, S. (2003). Smoking, disease, and obdurate denial: the Australian tobacco industry in the 1980s. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), 23-30.
  • Carter, S. (2003). The Australian cigarette brand as product, person and symbol. Tobacco Control, 12(Suppl 3), iii79-iii86.
  • King, W., Carter, S., Borland, R., Chapman, S., Gray, N. (2003). The Australian tar derby: the origins and fate of a low tar reduction programme. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), 61-71.
  • Carter, S. (2002). Mongoven, Biscoe and Duchin: destroying tobacco control activism from the inside. Tobacco Control, 11(2), 112-118.
  • Carter, S., Chapman, S. (2001). John's $12 tonic: Press coverage of the government's selling of a private health insurance rebate. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 25, 265-271.
  • Carter, S. (2001). Worshiping at the Alpine Altar: promoting tobacco in a world without advertising. Tobacco Control, 10(4), 391-393.

Conferences

  • Eagle, L., Dahl, S., Carter, S., Low, D. (2015). Social Marketing Ethical Dilemmas: Pursuing Practical Solutions for Pressing Problems. World Social Marketing Conference 2015, Sydney: Fuse Events Ltd.
  • Forsyth, R., Mooney-Somers, J., Carter, S. (2011). The challenges of adapting a face-o-face intensive qualitative research methodology course for online delivery to graduate level public health students. Annual Conference of the Australian Sociological Association 2011: Local Lives/Global Networks (TASA 2011), Newcastle, Australia: University of Newcastle.
  • Strong, K., Kerridge, I., Jordens, C., Ankeny, R., Shaw, P., O'Brien, T., Carter, S., Barlow-Stewart, K. (2008). Creating 'Saviour Siblings' for transplantation-discrepancy between parental wishes and clinical practice. 50th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting and Exposition ASH 2008, United States: American Society of Hematology.
  • Carter, S. (2006). Longitudinal qualitative research design: experience over time. ACSPRI Social Science Methodology Conference, Sydney, Australia: ACSPRI: Australian Consortium for Social and Political Research Ind.

Report

  • Carter, S. (2003). One of the darkest markets in the world.
  • Carter, S. (2003). Teenagers, smoking and transnational tobacco corporations.
  • Carter, S., Borland, R., Chapman, S. (2001). Finding the strength to kill your best friend: smokers talk about smoking and quitting.

2016

  • Parker, L., Carter, S. (2016). Ethical and Societal Considerations in Breast Cancer Screening. In Nehmat Houssami and Diana Miglioretti (Eds.), Breast Cancer Screening: An Examination of Scientific Evidence, (pp. 347-374). London: Academic Press. [More Information]
  • Pickles, K., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L., McCaffery, K., Entwistle, V. (2016). General Practitioners' Experiences of, and Responses to, Uncertainty in Prostate Cancer Screening: Insights from a Qualitative Study. PloS One, 11(4), 1-15. [More Information]
  • Jansen, J., Naganathan, V., Carter, S., McLachlan, A., Nickel, B., Irwig, L., Bonner, C., Doust, J., Colvin, J., Heaney, A., McCaffery, K., et al (2016). Too much medicine in older people? Deprescribing through shared decision making. BMJ, 353, 1-6. [More Information]
  • McCaffery, K., Jansen, J., Scherer, L., Thornton, H., Hersch, J., Carter, S., Barratt, A., Sheridan, S., Moynihan, R., Pickles, K., et al (2016). Walking the tightrope: communicating overdiagnosis in modern healthcare. BMJ, 352, 1-5. [More Information]

2015

  • Degeling, C., Rychetnik, L., Pickles, K., Thomas, R., Doust, J., Gardiner, R., Glasziou, P., Newson, A., Carter, S. (2015). "What should happen before asymptomatic men decide whether or not to have a PSA test?" A report on three community juries. Medical Journal of Australia, 203(8), 335.e1-335.e6. [More Information]
  • Pickles, K., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2015). Doctors' approaches to PSA testing and overdiagnosis in primary healthcare: A qualitative study. BMJ Open, 5(3), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Braunack-Mayer, A., Carter, S. (2015). Ethics and health promotion: Research, theory, policy and practice. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 26(3), 165-166. [More Information]
  • Li, V., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2015). Evidence valued and used by health promotion practitioners. Health Education Research, 30(2), 193-205. [More Information]
  • Parker, L., Rychetnik, L., Carter, S. (2015). Framing overdiagnosis in breast screening: A qualitative study with Australian experts. BMC Cancer, 15(1), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Braunack-Mayer, A., Jancey, J. (2015). Health promotion practice, research ethics and publishing in the Health Promotion Journal of Australia. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 26(3), 167-169. [More Information]
  • Klinner, C., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L., Li, V., Daley, M., Zask, A., Lloyd, B. (2015). Integrating relationship- and research-based approaches in Australian health promotion practice. Health Promotion International, 30(4), 891-902. [More Information]
  • McCaffery, K., Jacklyn, G., Barratt, A., Brodersen, J., Glasziou, P., Carter, S., Hicks, N., Howard, K., Irwig, L. (2015). Recommendations about screening. In G. Guyatt, D. Rennie, M.O. Meade, & D. Cook (Eds.), Users' Guides to the Medical Literature, (pp. 593-608). New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Carter, S., Entwistle, V., Little, J. (2015). Relational conceptions of paternalism: A way to rebut nanny-state accusations and evaluate public health interventions. Public Health, 129(8), 1021-1029. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Williams, J., Parker, L., Pickles, K., Jacklyn, G., Rychetnik, L., Barratt, A. (2015). Screening for Cervical, Prostate, and Breast Cancer: Interpreting the Evidence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 49(2), 274-285. [More Information]
  • Eagle, L., Dahl, S., Carter, S., Low, D. (2015). Social Marketing Ethical Dilemmas: Pursuing Practical Solutions for Pressing Problems. World Social Marketing Conference 2015, Sydney: Fuse Events Ltd.
  • Carter, S., Rogers, W., Heath, I., Degeling, C., Doust, J., Barratt, A. (2015). The challenge of overdiagnosis begins with its definition. BMJ, 350, 1-5. [More Information]
  • Carter, S. (2015). The ethics of menu labelling. Public Health Ethics, 8(1), 94-97. [More Information]
  • Parker, L., Rychetnik, L., Carter, S. (2015). The role of communication in breast cancer screening: A qualitative study with Australian experts. BMC Cancer, 15(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Smith, A., Carter, S., Dunlop, S., Freeman, B., Chapman, S. (2015). The views and experiences of smokers who quit smoking unassisted. A systematic review of the qualitative evidence. PloS One, 10(5), 1-18. [More Information]
  • Parker, L., Rychetnik, L., Carter, S. (2015). Values in breast cancer screening: an empirical study with Australian experts. BMJ Open, 5(5), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Degeling, C., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2015). Which public and why deliberate? - A scoping review of public deliberation in public health and health policy research. Social Science & Medicine, 131, 114-121. [More Information]
  • Smith, A., Carter, S., Chapman, S., Dunlop, S., Freeman, B. (2015). Why do smokers try to quit without medication or counselling? A qualitative study with ex-smokers. BMJ Open, 5(4), 1-11. [More Information]

2014

  • Williams, J., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2014). 'Organised' cervical screening 45 years on: How consistent are organised screening practices? European Journal of Cancer, 50(17), 3029-3038. [More Information]
  • Carter, S. (2014). Health promotion: an ethical analysis. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 25(1), 19-24. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2014). How to Do a Grounded Theory Study: A Worked Example of a Study of Oental Practices. In Adele E. Clarke and Kathy Charmaz (Eds.), Grounded Theory and Situational Analysis, (pp. 241-256). London: Sage Publications.
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Carter, S., Salkeld, G., Trevena, L. (2014). Incorporating evidence and politics in health policy: can institutionalising evidence review make a difference? Evidence and Policy, 10(3), 439-455. [More Information]
  • Williams, J., Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2014). Information provision in cervical screening in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 201(5), 295-297. [More Information]
  • Haynes, A., Brennan, S., Carter, S., O'Connor, D., Huckel Schneider, C., Turner, T., Gallego, G. (2014). Protocol for the process evaluation of a complex intervention designed to increase the use of research in health policy and program organisations (the SPIRIT study). Implementation Science, 9(1), 1-12. [More Information]
  • Williamson, A., Redman, S., Haynes, A., Barker, D., Jorm, L., Green, S., Blyth, F., Lewis, N., Shakeshaft, A., D'Este, C., et al (2014). Supporting Policy In health with Research: an Intervention Trial (SPIRIT)—protocol for a stepped wedge trial. BMJ Open, 4, 1-11. [More Information]
  • Binns, C., Howat, P., Jancey, J., Carter, S. (2014). The Surgeon General's 'Smoking and Health': a continuing challenge. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 25(2), 69-70. [More Information]

2013

  • Carter, S., Rychetnik, L. (2013). A public health ethics approach to non-communicable diseases. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 10(1), 17-18. [More Information]
  • Rychetnik, L., Carter, S., Abelson, J., Thornton, H., Barratt, A., Entwistle, V., Mackenzie, G., Salkeld, G., Glasziou, P. (2013). Enhancing citizen engagement in cancer screening through deliberative democracy. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 105(6), 380-386. [More Information]
  • Rychetnik, L., Carter, S., Barratt, A., Irwig, L. (2013). Expanding the evidence on cancer screening: the value of scientific, social and ethical perspectives. Medical Journal of Australia, 198(10), 536-539. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2013). How do dentists and their teams incorporate evidence about preventive care? An empirical study. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 41(5), 401-414. [More Information]
  • Banbury, A., Zask, A., Carter, S., van Beurden, E., Tokley, R., Passey, M., Copeland, J. (2013). Smoking mull: A grounded theory model on the dynamics of combined tobacco and cannabis use among adult men. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 24(2), 143-150. [More Information]

2012

  • Javanparast, S., Ward, P., Carter, S., Wilson, C. (2012). Barriers to and facilitators of colorectal cancer screening in different population subgroups in Adelaide, South Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 196(8), 521-523. [More Information]
  • Flitcroft, K., Irwig, L., Carter, S., Salkeld, G., Gillespie, J. (2012). Colorectal cancer screening: Why immunochemical fecal occult blood tests may be the best option. BMC Gastroenterology, 12(December), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2012). Experiences of dental care: what do patients value? BMC Health Services Research, 12(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W. (2012). How do dentists understand evidence and adopt it in practice? Health Education Journal, 71(2), 195-204. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Cribb, A., Allegrante, J. (2012). How to Think about Health Promotion Ethics. Public Health Reviews (Print): an international quarterly, 34(1), 122-145.
  • Mathieu, E., Barratt, A., Carter, S., Jamtvedt, G. (2012). Internet trials: participant experiences and perspectives. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 12, 1-16. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Kerridge, I., Sainsbury, P., Letts, J. (2012). Public health ethics: informing better public health practice. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 23(5-6), 101-106. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Klinner, C., Kerridge, I., Rychetnik, L., Li, V., Fry, D. (2012). The ethical commitments of health promotion practitioners: an empirical study from New South Wales, Australia. Public Health Ethics, 5(2), 128-139. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Kerridge, I., Rychetnik, L., King, L. (2012). The ethical implications of intervening in bodyweight. In Louise A. Baur, Stephen M. Twigg, Roger S.Magnusson (Eds.), A Modern Epidemic: Expert Perspectives on Obesity and Diabetes, (pp. 191-206). Sydney, Australia: Sydney University Press.
  • Carter, S. (2012). What is health promotion ethics? Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 23(1), 4-4. [More Information]

2011

  • Flitcroft, K., St John, D., Howard, K., Carter, S., Pignone, M., Salkeld, G., Trevena, L. (2011). A comparative case study of bowel cancer screening in the UK and Australia: evidence lost in translation? Journal of Medical Screening, 18(4), 193-203. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Hooker, C., Carter, S. (2011). Balance, Balancing, and Health. Qualitative Health Research, 21(5), 714-725. [More Information]
  • Forsyth, R., Scanlan, C., Carter, S., Jordens, C., Kerridge, I. (2011). Decision Making in a Crowded Room: the Relational Significance of Social Roles in Decisions to Proceed with Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation. Qualitative Health Research, 21(9), 1260-1272. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Rychetnik, L., Lloyd, B., Kerridge, I., Baur, L., Bauman, A., Hooker, C., Zask, A. (2011). Evidence, Ethics, and Values: A Framework for Health Promotion. American Journal of Public Health, 101(3), 465-472. [More Information]
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Salkeld, G., Carter, S., Trevena, L. (2011). Getting Evidence into Policy: The Need for Deliberative Strategies? Social Science and Medicine, 72, 1039-1046. [More Information]
  • Sbaraini, A., Carter, S., Evans, W., Blinkhorn, A. (2011). How to do a grounded theory study: a worked example of a study of dental practices. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 11(128), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Kerridge, I., Carter, S., Little, J. (2011). Journal peer review in context: A qualitative study of the social and subjective dimensions of manuscript review in biomedical publishing. Social Science and Medicine, 72(7), 1056-1063. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Entwistle, V., McCaffery, K., Rychetnik, L. (2011). Shared Health Governance: The Potential Danger of Oppressive "Healthism". The American Journal of Bioethics, 11(7), 57-59. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Kerridge, I., Carter, S., Little, J. (2011). Should Biomedical Publishing Be 'Opened Up'? Towards a Values-Based Peer-Review Process. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 8(3), 267-280. [More Information]
  • Forsyth, R., Mooney-Somers, J., Carter, S. (2011). The challenges of adapting a face-o-face intensive qualitative research methodology course for online delivery to graduate level public health students. Annual Conference of the Australian Sociological Association 2011: Local Lives/Global Networks (TASA 2011), Newcastle, Australia: University of Newcastle.
  • Flitcroft, K., Gillespie, J., Carter, S., Trevena, L., Salkeld, G. (2011). When good evidence is not enough: the role of context in bowel cancer screening policy in New Zealand. Evidence and Policy: a journal of research, debate and practice, 7(3), 307-326. [More Information]

2010

  • Lipworth, W., Davey, H., Carter, S., Hooker, C., Hu, W. (2010). Beliefs and beyond: what can we learn from qualitative studies of lay people's understandings of cancer risk? Health Expectations, 13(2), 113-124. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Samuel, G., Kerridge, I., Day, R., Ankeny, R., Jordens, C., Komesaroff, P. (2010). Beyond Rhetoric in Debates About the Ethics of Marketing Prescription Medicines to Consumers: The Importance of Vulnerability in People, Situations, and Relationships. AJOB Primary Research, 1(1), 11-21. [More Information]
  • Carter, S. (2010). Enacting Internal Coherence: As a Path to Quality in Qualitative Inquiry. In J Higgs, N Cherry, R Macklin and R Ajjawi (Eds.), Researching Practice: A Discourse on Qualitative Methodologies, (pp. 143-151). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
  • Javanparast, S., Ward, P., Young, G., Wilson, C., Carter, S., Misan, G., Cole, S., Jiwa, M., Tsourtos, G., Martini, A., et al (2010). How equitable are colorectal cancer screening programs which include FOBTs? A review of qualitative and quantitative studies. Preventive Medicine, 50(4), 165-172. [More Information]
  • Entwistle, V., Carter, S., Cribb, A., McCaffery, K. (2010). Supporting Patient Autonomy: The Importance of Clinician-patientRelationships. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25(7), 741-745.

2009

  • Carter, S. (2009). Beware dichotomies and grand abstractions: attending to particularity and practice in empirical bioethics. The American Journal of Bioethics, 9, 76-77. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Ritchie, J., Sainsbury, P. (2009). Doing good qualitative research in public health: not as easy as it looks. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 20, 105-111. [More Information]
  • Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., Chadban, S., Walker, R., Harris, D., Carter, S., Hall, B., Hawley, C., Craig, J. (2009). Patients' Experiences and Perspectives of Living With CKD. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 53(4), 689-700. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Hooker, C., Davey, H. (2009). Writing Social Determinants Into and Out of Cancer Control: An Assessment of Policy Practice. Social Science and Medicine, 68(8), 1448-1455. [More Information]
  • Hooker, C., Carter, S., Davey, H. (2009). Writing the risk of cancer: cancer risk in public policy. Health, Risk and Society, 11(6), 541-560. [More Information]

2008

  • Entwistle, V., Carter, S., Trevena, L., Flitcroft, K., Irwig, L., McCaffery, K., Salkeld, G. (2008). Communicating about screening. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 337(7673), 789-791. [More Information]
  • Strong, K., Kerridge, I., Jordens, C., Ankeny, R., Shaw, P., O'Brien, T., Carter, S., Barlow-Stewart, K. (2008). Creating 'Saviour Siblings' for transplantation-discrepancy between parental wishes and clinical practice. 50th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting and Exposition ASH 2008, United States: American Society of Hematology.
  • Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., Carter, S., Hall, B., Harris, D., Walker, R., Hawley, C., Chadban, S., Craig, J. (2008). Patients' priorities for health research: focus group study of patients with chronic kidney disease. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 23(10), 3206-3214. [More Information]
  • Lipworth, W., Carter, S., Kerridge, I. (2008). The "EBM Movement": Where Did it Come From, Where is it Going, and Why Does it Matter? Social Epistemology, 22(4), 425-431. [More Information]
  • Carter, S., Jordens, C., McGrath, C., Little, J. (2008). You Have to Make Something of All That Rubbish, Do You? An Empirical Investigation of the Social Process of Qualitative Research. Qualitative Health Research, 18(9), 1264-1276. [More Information]

2007

  • Carter, S. (2007). BOOK REVIEW Review of Eric A Feldman and Ronald Bayer, Editors (2004) Unfiltered: Conflicts over Tobacco Policy and Public Health. Cambridge,. Unknown.
  • Carter, S., Little, J. (2007). Justifying knowledge, justifying method, taking action: epistemologies, methodologies and methods in qualitative research. Qualitative Health Research, 17(10), 1316-1328. [More Information]
  • Little, J., Jordens, C., McGrath, C., Montgomery, K., Kerridge, I., Carter, S. (2007). Pragmatic pluralism: Mutual tolerance of contested understandings between orthodox and alternative practitioners in autologous stem cell transplantation. Social Science and Medicine, 64(7), 1512-1523. [More Information]

2006

  • Quine, S., Carter, S. (2006). Australian baby boomers' expectations and plans for their old age. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 25(1), 3-8.
  • Carter, S. (2006). Longitudinal qualitative research design: experience over time. ACSPRI Social Science Methodology Conference, Sydney, Australia: ACSPRI: Australian Consortium for Social and Political Research Ind.
  • Carter, S., Chapman, S. (2006). Smokers and non-smokers talk about regulatory options in tobacco control. Tobacco Control, 15(5), 398-404. [More Information]

2005

  • Carter, S. (2005). BOOK REVIEW International Public Health: Patients' Rights versus the Protection of Patents. Health Sociology Review.
  • Carter, S. (2005). Tobacco document research reporting. Tobacco Control, 14(6), 368-376.

2003

  • Chapman, S., Carter, S., Peters, M. (2003). "A deep fragrance of academia": the Australian Tobacco Research Foundation. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), 38-44.
  • Chapman, S., Byrne, F., Carter, S. (2003). "Australia is one of the darkest markets in the world": the global importance of Australian tobacco control. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), iii1-iii3.
  • Chapman, S., Carter, S. (2003). "Avoid health warnings on all tobacco products for just as long as we can": a history of Australian tobacco industry efforts to avoid, delay and dilute health warnings on cigarettes. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), iii13-iii22.
  • Carter, S. (2003). Cooperation and control: the Tobacco Institute of Australia. Tobacco Control, 12(supp3), 54-60.
  • Carter, S. (2003). From legitimate consumers to public relations pawns: the tobacco industry and young Australians. Tobacco Control, 12(supp 3), iii71-iii78.
  • Carter, S. (2003). Going below the line: creating transportable brands for Australia's dark market. Tobacco Control, 12(supp 3), iii87-iii94.
  • Carter, S. (2003). New frontier, new power: the retail environment in Australia’s dark market. Tobacco Control, 12(suppl 3), iii95-101.
  • Carter, S. (2003). One of the darkest markets in the world.
  • Carter, S., Chapman, S. (2003). Smoking, disease, and obdurate denial: the Australian tobacco industry in the 1980s. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), 23-30.
  • Carter, S. (2003). Teenagers, smoking and transnational tobacco corporations.
  • Carter, S. (2003). The Australian cigarette brand as product, person and symbol. Tobacco Control, 12(Suppl 3), iii79-iii86.
  • King, W., Carter, S., Borland, R., Chapman, S., Gray, N. (2003). The Australian tar derby: the origins and fate of a low tar reduction programme. Tobacco Control, 12(Supplement 3), 61-71.

2002

  • Carter, S. (2002). Mongoven, Biscoe and Duchin: destroying tobacco control activism from the inside. Tobacco Control, 11(2), 112-118.

2001

  • Carter, S., Borland, R., Chapman, S. (2001). Finding the strength to kill your best friend: smokers talk about smoking and quitting.
  • Carter, S., Chapman, S. (2001). John's $12 tonic: Press coverage of the government's selling of a private health insurance rebate. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 25, 265-271.
  • Carter, S. (2001). Worshiping at the Alpine Altar: promoting tobacco in a world without advertising. Tobacco Control, 10(4), 391-393.

To update your profile click here. For support on your academic profile contact .