Dr Stuart Turville

Honorary Associate
Westmead Millennium Institute for Medical Research, Westmead Clinical School

Telephone 83824950
Fax 83824967

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Biographical details

Dr Turville’s research career started with a B.Sc Hons (First class and John Elliot Prize for Best Thesis in Animal Biology) and followed after being awarded a Australian Post-graduate Award for PhD studies at the University of Sydney on the mechanism of HIV transmission in dendritic cells.

Following his PhD studies, Stuart was awarded a KUL Leuven, Post-Doctoral Grant For Advanced Post-Doctoral researchers from non-EEA COUNTRIES for Post-doctoral studies at the Rega Institute in Belgium and latter was awarded a CJ Martin Post-Doctoral Fellowship for studies at the Rockefeller University in New York USA and the University of Sydney. This has enabled him to further his expertise in HIV transmission and further investigate strategies for future HIV prevention in the form of microbicide gels. Stuart returned to Australia late 2007 to complete his CJ Martin fellowship. In 2008 was awarded a NHMRC Project Grant and in 2009 a NHMRC Career Development award. Stuart now independently runs the HIV Biology research group at the Westmead Millennium Institute. The lab currently focuses on the basic research of HIV biology and various aspects of HIV transmission and future strategies to prevent it.

PhD and master's project opportunities

Selected grants

2012

  • Cell type specific biologic responses to HIV infection; Cunningham A, Turville S, Harman A, Turville S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2010

  • Dissemmination of HIV and establishment of cellular reservoirs during transmission; Turville S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Career Development Awards.
  • Development of inhibitors of dynein-dependent transport of HIV: a new antiviral strategy; Diefenbach R, Turville S, Cunningham A; Australian Centre for Hepatitis and HIV Virology Research (ACH2)/Research Support.
  • Inhibition of Dynamin II (DynII) as a HIV therapeutic and microbicide strategy; Turville S, Cunningham A, Robinson P; Australian Centre for Hepatitis and HIV Virology Research (ACH2)/Research Support.
  • Westmead Correlative Light and Electron Microscope Suite; North K, Jones C, Christodoulou J, Murray R, O'Neill G, Cantrill L, Cunningham A, Kefford R, Clarke C, Henderson B, Bendall L, Turville S, Reddel R, Tam P, Robinson P, Bryan T, Braithwaite A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2009

  • Deltavision (DV) Core Image Restoration; Cunningham A, Turville S, Clarke C, Henderson B, Kefford R, North K, O'Neill G, Murray R, Reddel R, Tam P, Robinson P, Chircop M; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.
  • HIV assembly, transport, egress and transfer fron infected dendritic cells; Turville S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2008

  • Kinetics and inhibition of viral transfer from ex vivo derived dendritic cells to CD4 lymphocyte subsets; Turville S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Early Career Fellowships (ECF).

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Nasr, N., Harman, A., Turville, S., Cunningham, A. (2014). HIV infection of dendritic cells. In Elisa Vincenzi, Guido Poli (Eds.), Human Retroviruses: Method and Protocols, (pp. 221-232). New York: Humana Press. [More Information]
  • Shih, I., Turville, S. (2011). Exploiting cellular contacts: Movement of HIV in the context of cellular communication. In Russell J Diefenbach and Anthony L Cunningham (Eds.), Viral Transport, Assembly and Egress, (pp. 133-154). Kerala, India: Research Signpost.
  • Cunningham, A., Wilkinson, J., Turville, S., Robbiani, M. (2007). Binding and Uptake of HIV by Dendritic Cells and Transfer to T Lymphocytes: Implications for Pathogenesis. In Sandra Gessani, Filippo Belardelli (Eds.), The Biology of Dendritic Cells and HIV Infection, (pp. 381-404). United States: Springer.
  • Vachot, L., Turville, S., Trapp, S., Peretti, S., Morrow, G., Frank, I., Robbiani, M. (2006). Sleeping with the Enemy: The Insidious Relationship Between Dendritic Cells and Immunodeficiency Viruses. In Manfred B. Lutz, Nikolaus Romani, Alexander Steinkasserer (Eds.), Handbook of Dendritic Cells: Biology, Diseases and Therapies, (pp. 773-811). Germany: Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
  • Turville, S. (2006). The Interactions of Immunodeficiency Viruses with Antigen Presenting Cells. In Sabine Thebault (Eds.), Progress in Virus Research, (pp. 101-127). United States: Nova Science Publishers.

Journals

  • Eyre, N., Fiches, G., Aloia, A., Helbig, K., McCartney, E., McErlean, C., Li, K., Aggarwal, A., Turville, S., Beard, M. (2014). Dynamic imaging of the hepatitis C virus NS5A protein during a productive infection. Journal of Virology, 88(7), 3636-3652. [More Information]
  • Mercier, S., Donaghy, H., Botting, R., Turville, S., Harman, A., Nasr, N., Ji, H., Kusebauch, U., Mendoza, L., Shteynberg, D., Cunningham, A., et al (2013). The Microvesicle Component of HIV-1 Inocula Modulates Dendritic Cell Infection and Maturation and Enhances Adhesion to and Activation of T Lymphocytes. PLoS Pathogens, 9(10), 1-18. [More Information]
  • Purcell, D., Cunningham, A., Turville, S., Tachedjian, G., Landay, A. (2012). Biology of Mucosally Transmitted Sexual Infection - Translating the Basic Science into Novel HIV Intervention: A Workshop Summary. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 28(11), 1389-1396. [More Information]
  • Nasr, N., Maddocks, S., Turville, S., Harman, A., Woolger, N., Helbig, K., Wilkinson, J., Bye, C., Wright, T., Rambukwelle, D., Donaghy, H., Cunningham, A., et al (2012). HIV-1 infection of human macrophages directly induces viperin which inhibits viral production. Blood, 120(4), 778-788. [More Information]
  • Aggarwal, A., Iemma, T., Shih, I., Newsome, T., McAllery, S., Cunningham, A., Turville, S. (2012). Mobilization of HIV Spread by Diaphanous 2 Dependent Filopodia in Infected Dendritic Cells. PLoS Pathogens, 8(6), 1-20. [More Information]
  • Harman, A., Lai, J., Turville, S., Samarajiwa, S., Gray, L., Marsden, V., Mercier, S., Jones, K., Nasr, N., Rustagi, A., Cunningham, A., et al (2011). HIV infection of dendritic cells subverts the interferon induction pathway via IRF1 and inhibits type 1 interferon production. Blood, 118(2), 298-308. [More Information]
  • Londrigan, S., Turville, S., Tate, M., Deng, Y., Brooks, A., Reading, P. (2011). N-Linked Glycosylation Facilitates Sialic Acid-Independent Attachment and Entry of Influenza A Viruses into Cells Expressing DC-SIGN or L-SIGN. Journal of Virology, 85(6), 2990-3000. [More Information]
  • Keller, C., Fokken, C., Turville, S., Lunemann, A., Schmidt, J., Munz, C., Lunemann, J. (2011). TNF-alpha Induces Macroautophagy and Regulates MHC Class II Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle Cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(5), 3970-3980. [More Information]
  • Cunningham, A., Donaghy, H., Harman, A., Turville, S. (2010). Manipulation of dendritic cell function by viruses. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 13(4), 524-9. [More Information]
  • Cunningham, A., Abendroth, A., Jones, C., Nasr, N., Turville, S. (2010). Viruses and Langerhans cells. Immunology and Cell Biology, 88(4), 416-423. [More Information]
  • Trapp, S., Derby, N., Singer, R., Shaw, A., Shaw, A., Williams, V., Turville, S., Bess, J., Lifson, J., Robbiani, M. (2009). Double-stranded RNA analog poly(I:C) inhibits human immunodeficiency virus amplification in dendritic cells via type I interferon-mediated activation of APOBEC3G. Journal of Virology, 83(2), 884-895. [More Information]
  • Harman, A., Kraus, M., Bye, C., Byth Wilson, K., Turville, S., Tang, O., Mercier, S., Nasr, N., Stern, J., Slobedman, B., Cunningham, A., et al (2009). HIV-1-infected dendritic cells show 2 phases of gene expression changes, with lysosomal enzyme activity decreased during the second phase. Blood, 114(1), 85-94. [More Information]
  • Lai, J., Bernhard, O., Turville, S., Harman, A., Wilkinson, J. (2009). Oligomerization of the macrophage mannose receptor enhances gp120-mediated binding of HIV-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284(17), 11027-11038. [More Information]
  • Frank, I., Stoessel, H., Gettie, A., Turville, S., Bess, J., Lifson, J., Sivin, I., Romani, N., Robbiani, M. (2008). A Fusion Inhibitor Prevents Spread of Immunodeficiency Viruses, but Not Activation of Virus-Specific T Cells, by Dendritic Cells. Journal of Virology, 82(11), 5329-5339. [More Information]
  • Schweizer, A., Rusert, P., Berlinger, L., Ruprecht, C., Mann, A., Corthesy, S., Turville, S., Aravantinou, M., Fischer, M., Robbiani, M., et al (2008). CD4-Specific Designed Ankyrin Repeat Proteins Are Novel Potent HIV Entry Inhibitors with Unique Characteristics. P L o S Pathogens, 4(7, Article number e1000109), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Aravantinou, M., Miller, T., Kenney, J., Teitelbaum, A., Hu, L., Chudolij, A., Zydowsky, T., Piatak Jr, M., Bess, J., et al (2008). Efficacy of Carraguard-Based Microbicides In Vivo Despite Variable In Vitro Activity. PLoS One, 3(9, Article number e3162), 1-14. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Aravantinou, M., Stoessel, H., Romani, N., Robbiani, M. (2008). Resolution of de novo HIV production and trafficking in immature dendritic cells. Nature Methods, 5(1), 75-85. [More Information]
  • Fernandez-Romero, J., Thorn, M., Turville, S., Titchen, K., Sudol, K., Li, J., Miller, T., Robbiani, M., Maguire, R., Buckheit, R., et al (2007). Carrageenan/MIV-150 (PC-815), a Combination Microbicide. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 34(1), 9-14. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Peretti, S., Pope, M. (2006). Lymphocyte-dendritic cell interactions and mucosal acquisition of SIV/HIV infection. Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS, 1(1), 3-9. [More Information]
  • Lynch, G., Turville, S., Carter, B., Sloane, A., Chan, A., Muljadi, N., Li, S., Low, L., Armati, P., Raison, R., Zoellner, H., Williamson, P., Cunningham, A., Church, W. (2006). Marked differences in the structures and protein associations of lymphocyte and monocyte CD4: Resolution of a novel CD4 isoform. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(2), 154-165. [More Information]
  • Trapp, S., Turville, S., Robbiani, M. (2006). Slamming the door on unwanted guests: why preemptive strikes at the mucosa may be the best strategy against HIV. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 80(5), 1076-1083. [More Information]
  • Sloane, A., Raso, V., Dimitrov, D., Xiao, X., Deo, S., Muljadi, N., Restuccia, D., Turville, S., Kearney, C., Broder, C., Zoellner, H., Cunningham, A., Bendall, L., Lynch, G. (2005). Marked structural and functional heterogeneity in CXCR4: Separation of HIV-1 and SDF-1 alpha responses. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(2), 129-143. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Vermeire, K., Balzarini, J., Schols, D. (2005). Sugar-Binding Proteins Potently Inhibit Dendritic Cell Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Infection and Dendritic-Cell-Directed HIV-1 Transfer. Journal of Virology, 79(21), 13519-13527. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Santos, J., Frank, I., Cameron, P., Wilkinson, J., Miranda Saksena, M., Dable, J., Stoessel, H., Romani, N., Piatak, M., Cunningham, A., et al (2004). Immunodeficiency Virus Uptake, Turnover, And 2-Phase Transfer In Human Dendritic Cells. Blood, 103(6), 2170-9.
  • Lynch, G., Slaytor, E., Elliott, F., Saurajen, A., Turville, S., Sloane, A., Cameron, P., Cunningham, A., Halliday, G. (2003). CD4 is expressed by epidermal Langerhans' cells predominantly as covalent dimers. Experimental Dermatology, 12(5), 700-711.
  • Kedzierska, K., Crowe, S., Turville, S., Cunningham, A. (2003). The influence of cytokines, chemokines and their receptors on HIV-1 replication in monocytes and macrophages. Reviews in Medical Virology, 13(1), 39-56. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Cameron, P., Dable, J., Cunningham, A., Wilkinson, J. (2003). The role of dendritic cell C-type lectin receptors in HIV pathogenesis. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 74(5), 710-718.
  • Turville, S., Cameron, P., Handley, A., Lin, G., Pohlmann, S., Dom, R., Cunningham, A. (2002). Diversity of receptors binding HIV on dendritic cell subsets. Nature Immunology, 3(10), 975-983.
  • Turville, S., Cunningham, A., Cameron, P., Arthos,, J., MacDonald, K., Clark, G., Hart, D. (2001). Bitter-sweet symphony: defining the role of dendritic cell gp120 receptors in HIV infection. Journal Of Clinical Virology, 22, 229-239.
  • Turville, S., Lynch, G., Naif, H., Cunningham, A., Arthos,, J., MacDonald, K., Clark, G., Hart, D. (2001). HIV gp120 receptors on human dendritic cells. Blood, 98, 2482-2488.

2014

  • Eyre, N., Fiches, G., Aloia, A., Helbig, K., McCartney, E., McErlean, C., Li, K., Aggarwal, A., Turville, S., Beard, M. (2014). Dynamic imaging of the hepatitis C virus NS5A protein during a productive infection. Journal of Virology, 88(7), 3636-3652. [More Information]
  • Nasr, N., Harman, A., Turville, S., Cunningham, A. (2014). HIV infection of dendritic cells. In Elisa Vincenzi, Guido Poli (Eds.), Human Retroviruses: Method and Protocols, (pp. 221-232). New York: Humana Press. [More Information]

2013

  • Mercier, S., Donaghy, H., Botting, R., Turville, S., Harman, A., Nasr, N., Ji, H., Kusebauch, U., Mendoza, L., Shteynberg, D., Cunningham, A., et al (2013). The Microvesicle Component of HIV-1 Inocula Modulates Dendritic Cell Infection and Maturation and Enhances Adhesion to and Activation of T Lymphocytes. PLoS Pathogens, 9(10), 1-18. [More Information]

2012

  • Purcell, D., Cunningham, A., Turville, S., Tachedjian, G., Landay, A. (2012). Biology of Mucosally Transmitted Sexual Infection - Translating the Basic Science into Novel HIV Intervention: A Workshop Summary. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 28(11), 1389-1396. [More Information]
  • Nasr, N., Maddocks, S., Turville, S., Harman, A., Woolger, N., Helbig, K., Wilkinson, J., Bye, C., Wright, T., Rambukwelle, D., Donaghy, H., Cunningham, A., et al (2012). HIV-1 infection of human macrophages directly induces viperin which inhibits viral production. Blood, 120(4), 778-788. [More Information]
  • Aggarwal, A., Iemma, T., Shih, I., Newsome, T., McAllery, S., Cunningham, A., Turville, S. (2012). Mobilization of HIV Spread by Diaphanous 2 Dependent Filopodia in Infected Dendritic Cells. PLoS Pathogens, 8(6), 1-20. [More Information]

2011

  • Shih, I., Turville, S. (2011). Exploiting cellular contacts: Movement of HIV in the context of cellular communication. In Russell J Diefenbach and Anthony L Cunningham (Eds.), Viral Transport, Assembly and Egress, (pp. 133-154). Kerala, India: Research Signpost.
  • Harman, A., Lai, J., Turville, S., Samarajiwa, S., Gray, L., Marsden, V., Mercier, S., Jones, K., Nasr, N., Rustagi, A., Cunningham, A., et al (2011). HIV infection of dendritic cells subverts the interferon induction pathway via IRF1 and inhibits type 1 interferon production. Blood, 118(2), 298-308. [More Information]
  • Londrigan, S., Turville, S., Tate, M., Deng, Y., Brooks, A., Reading, P. (2011). N-Linked Glycosylation Facilitates Sialic Acid-Independent Attachment and Entry of Influenza A Viruses into Cells Expressing DC-SIGN or L-SIGN. Journal of Virology, 85(6), 2990-3000. [More Information]
  • Keller, C., Fokken, C., Turville, S., Lunemann, A., Schmidt, J., Munz, C., Lunemann, J. (2011). TNF-alpha Induces Macroautophagy and Regulates MHC Class II Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle Cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(5), 3970-3980. [More Information]

2010

  • Cunningham, A., Donaghy, H., Harman, A., Turville, S. (2010). Manipulation of dendritic cell function by viruses. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 13(4), 524-9. [More Information]
  • Cunningham, A., Abendroth, A., Jones, C., Nasr, N., Turville, S. (2010). Viruses and Langerhans cells. Immunology and Cell Biology, 88(4), 416-423. [More Information]

2009

  • Trapp, S., Derby, N., Singer, R., Shaw, A., Shaw, A., Williams, V., Turville, S., Bess, J., Lifson, J., Robbiani, M. (2009). Double-stranded RNA analog poly(I:C) inhibits human immunodeficiency virus amplification in dendritic cells via type I interferon-mediated activation of APOBEC3G. Journal of Virology, 83(2), 884-895. [More Information]
  • Harman, A., Kraus, M., Bye, C., Byth Wilson, K., Turville, S., Tang, O., Mercier, S., Nasr, N., Stern, J., Slobedman, B., Cunningham, A., et al (2009). HIV-1-infected dendritic cells show 2 phases of gene expression changes, with lysosomal enzyme activity decreased during the second phase. Blood, 114(1), 85-94. [More Information]
  • Lai, J., Bernhard, O., Turville, S., Harman, A., Wilkinson, J. (2009). Oligomerization of the macrophage mannose receptor enhances gp120-mediated binding of HIV-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284(17), 11027-11038. [More Information]

2008

  • Frank, I., Stoessel, H., Gettie, A., Turville, S., Bess, J., Lifson, J., Sivin, I., Romani, N., Robbiani, M. (2008). A Fusion Inhibitor Prevents Spread of Immunodeficiency Viruses, but Not Activation of Virus-Specific T Cells, by Dendritic Cells. Journal of Virology, 82(11), 5329-5339. [More Information]
  • Schweizer, A., Rusert, P., Berlinger, L., Ruprecht, C., Mann, A., Corthesy, S., Turville, S., Aravantinou, M., Fischer, M., Robbiani, M., et al (2008). CD4-Specific Designed Ankyrin Repeat Proteins Are Novel Potent HIV Entry Inhibitors with Unique Characteristics. P L o S Pathogens, 4(7, Article number e1000109), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Aravantinou, M., Miller, T., Kenney, J., Teitelbaum, A., Hu, L., Chudolij, A., Zydowsky, T., Piatak Jr, M., Bess, J., et al (2008). Efficacy of Carraguard-Based Microbicides In Vivo Despite Variable In Vitro Activity. PLoS One, 3(9, Article number e3162), 1-14. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Aravantinou, M., Stoessel, H., Romani, N., Robbiani, M. (2008). Resolution of de novo HIV production and trafficking in immature dendritic cells. Nature Methods, 5(1), 75-85. [More Information]

2007

  • Cunningham, A., Wilkinson, J., Turville, S., Robbiani, M. (2007). Binding and Uptake of HIV by Dendritic Cells and Transfer to T Lymphocytes: Implications for Pathogenesis. In Sandra Gessani, Filippo Belardelli (Eds.), The Biology of Dendritic Cells and HIV Infection, (pp. 381-404). United States: Springer.
  • Fernandez-Romero, J., Thorn, M., Turville, S., Titchen, K., Sudol, K., Li, J., Miller, T., Robbiani, M., Maguire, R., Buckheit, R., et al (2007). Carrageenan/MIV-150 (PC-815), a Combination Microbicide. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 34(1), 9-14. [More Information]

2006

  • Turville, S., Peretti, S., Pope, M. (2006). Lymphocyte-dendritic cell interactions and mucosal acquisition of SIV/HIV infection. Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS, 1(1), 3-9. [More Information]
  • Lynch, G., Turville, S., Carter, B., Sloane, A., Chan, A., Muljadi, N., Li, S., Low, L., Armati, P., Raison, R., Zoellner, H., Williamson, P., Cunningham, A., Church, W. (2006). Marked differences in the structures and protein associations of lymphocyte and monocyte CD4: Resolution of a novel CD4 isoform. Immunology and Cell Biology, 84(2), 154-165. [More Information]
  • Trapp, S., Turville, S., Robbiani, M. (2006). Slamming the door on unwanted guests: why preemptive strikes at the mucosa may be the best strategy against HIV. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 80(5), 1076-1083. [More Information]
  • Vachot, L., Turville, S., Trapp, S., Peretti, S., Morrow, G., Frank, I., Robbiani, M. (2006). Sleeping with the Enemy: The Insidious Relationship Between Dendritic Cells and Immunodeficiency Viruses. In Manfred B. Lutz, Nikolaus Romani, Alexander Steinkasserer (Eds.), Handbook of Dendritic Cells: Biology, Diseases and Therapies, (pp. 773-811). Germany: Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
  • Turville, S. (2006). The Interactions of Immunodeficiency Viruses with Antigen Presenting Cells. In Sabine Thebault (Eds.), Progress in Virus Research, (pp. 101-127). United States: Nova Science Publishers.

2005

  • Sloane, A., Raso, V., Dimitrov, D., Xiao, X., Deo, S., Muljadi, N., Restuccia, D., Turville, S., Kearney, C., Broder, C., Zoellner, H., Cunningham, A., Bendall, L., Lynch, G. (2005). Marked structural and functional heterogeneity in CXCR4: Separation of HIV-1 and SDF-1 alpha responses. Immunology and Cell Biology, 83(2), 129-143. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Vermeire, K., Balzarini, J., Schols, D. (2005). Sugar-Binding Proteins Potently Inhibit Dendritic Cell Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Infection and Dendritic-Cell-Directed HIV-1 Transfer. Journal of Virology, 79(21), 13519-13527. [More Information]

2004

  • Turville, S., Santos, J., Frank, I., Cameron, P., Wilkinson, J., Miranda Saksena, M., Dable, J., Stoessel, H., Romani, N., Piatak, M., Cunningham, A., et al (2004). Immunodeficiency Virus Uptake, Turnover, And 2-Phase Transfer In Human Dendritic Cells. Blood, 103(6), 2170-9.

2003

  • Lynch, G., Slaytor, E., Elliott, F., Saurajen, A., Turville, S., Sloane, A., Cameron, P., Cunningham, A., Halliday, G. (2003). CD4 is expressed by epidermal Langerhans' cells predominantly as covalent dimers. Experimental Dermatology, 12(5), 700-711.
  • Kedzierska, K., Crowe, S., Turville, S., Cunningham, A. (2003). The influence of cytokines, chemokines and their receptors on HIV-1 replication in monocytes and macrophages. Reviews in Medical Virology, 13(1), 39-56. [More Information]
  • Turville, S., Cameron, P., Dable, J., Cunningham, A., Wilkinson, J. (2003). The role of dendritic cell C-type lectin receptors in HIV pathogenesis. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 74(5), 710-718.

2002

  • Turville, S., Cameron, P., Handley, A., Lin, G., Pohlmann, S., Dom, R., Cunningham, A. (2002). Diversity of receptors binding HIV on dendritic cell subsets. Nature Immunology, 3(10), 975-983.

2001

  • Turville, S., Cunningham, A., Cameron, P., Arthos,, J., MacDonald, K., Clark, G., Hart, D. (2001). Bitter-sweet symphony: defining the role of dendritic cell gp120 receptors in HIV infection. Journal Of Clinical Virology, 22, 229-239.
  • Turville, S., Lynch, G., Naif, H., Cunningham, A., Arthos,, J., MacDonald, K., Clark, G., Hart, D. (2001). HIV gp120 receptors on human dendritic cells. Blood, 98, 2482-2488.

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